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A DANISH PIG FARM. Mr Rider Haggard's new book deal ing wvith "Rural Denmark and its Lessons" has just made its appear ance. The author's tdur through Denmarki furnishes matter for instruc tive detail on butter and pork pro duction, and his descriDtion of a pig farm is herewith extracted. "Some miles from Aarhus is a famous farm of 1100 acres, named Thomasminde, owned by Mr Pontop pidan, whose speciality is pigs, of which he stocks no fewer than 1200. The principle followed is to keep the pigs as near as possible to na tural conditions with regard to their food, ten months being allowed to grow them to a weight of about 200 lb. The result of this systen of slow fattening is claimed as keeping the animals free from swine fever or tub erculosts. Out of 3000 pigs sold, only one has been refused by the slaughter houseo, and at the time of my visit bit ten of the 1200 were in the hos pital pens. At first he usdd to insure his stock, but as none died he aban doned the precaution as a useless i expense^ _ t.as . a aln us;e
'k"3,lr Pontoppidan breaeds all his own pigs, which in race are Dabish crossed With Yorkshire. His sows are only allowed to breed five or six litters, after which they are fattened to a weight of from 400 to 500. lb. Observation has shown him.that af ter five or six litters the sows both eat and overlie their offspring ; also that the pigs born ,betwefin the second and the sixth litters are the strongest and do the best. His principal feed ing stuff is noaize, but he also uses broken wheat or rye from the Eng lish and Black Sea mills, 500 lb of skim milk daily, turnips, kohl-rabi, swedes and nmangels. Also, the fat tening pigs receive, amongst their foods, all the -blood from the Aarhus slughter houses, which is pressed into cakes and mixed with salt and borax. Of these cakes, thatl are stor ed in racks, nearly 1000 lb are used daily. Their cost is three-eights of a penny per lb, and they, contain 3 per cent of albumen.
"It is considered by this farmer that if it were not for the pigs his operations would be unreniunerative as compared with keeping cows only. He keeps 400 cows, in addition to theb 1200 pigs. The pug pens are arrang ed in a large round building, and in all my agricultural experience I have sel dom seen a mnore remarkable sight than they afforded. First we went qpstairs, where live young pigs which are being 'grown on.' As we appear ed among these hundreds of heads and forelegs were thrust over the tops of the styes, and from hundreds of hungry throats rose a chorus of piercing yells. The din was so tre
mendous that I was glad to escape from the place. On the ground ldoor were the pigs whose career was drawing to an end, many of them being already marked with the black spot which indicatedl that oh the 'mor row they nmust make their journey to the slaughter house. "At that date pork was, and I be lieve still is, fetching .a price In Den mark that at present makes its bread ing there a most remunerative busi ness--no less, indeed, that 5d per lb. nhis is paid for the animal as he walks on to the scale, -and for that reason it is customary to feed a pig as heavily as possible on the prorn ing of his departure. At 5,d per lb pork production is fairly remunera tive, while id per lb covers all out going and risks. The average cost of a pig from the hour of its birth to that when it enters the biacon fac tory, including at allowance for la bor, rent and every other expense, is here reckoned at £2/9/101, and the average price it realises is £0/6/6. I "In another part of the p?.gery are kept the great drop eared boars and
the new littered sows. Here the young pigs are weanthed by means of an ingenious cdntrivance of wooden bars, behind which they are confined, only being allowedl to the mother at stated intervals, which grow rarer until they are sufficiently hardened to be moved upstairs. Three men two young fellows and a Working overseer-feed all this multitude of swine, though how they manage to accomplish the task I am sure I do not know. I may add that the flies are as troublesome here as in every other piggery 2 visited in Denmark."