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THE MERCURY.

BOBABT: WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17, 1S9S. j

BHTÓÍmOFÍEW8.

This is the last dajr tor allowing discount on Marok qoartor gas accounts.

9t Mary's race meeting to-day. A good promauai provided.

Gas Mils, teosei

.«euro discount, must be paid to-day

Report of Port Cygnet Hester sports appears in this issue.

Mits Hogg resumes music lessons on

Monday.

Members of Hobart Lacrosse Club, and panons interested, nest at Carlton Club Hotel to-night.

Customs retaras for week ending April 13 ? , Hobart, £2,073 8s. 44; Launceston, £3,123

At m conference in Hobart yesterday a committee waa appointed ta inquire into the chañóos of developing the idea of establishing cool storage for farm products, with the object of forming a company.

Peace treaty signed by China and Japan. Cholera increasing in Japan.

Professor Dans, the eminent geologist, is

dead.

Sharp skirmishing still reported from

Cnitral.

Organised resistance to income tax ia Aserien. ._.

British «nd French friction In Burmah intensifying.

IncenoÛaristattoatpt to tan » btioHttv IWBt(aOtOty.v. j rr^jsj, W*1f i ^ ,'I

Nicaragua desires appointment of a com- mission to settle question of indemnity to be paid Great Britain.

French Consular Court at Cairo hssad iudged the 8uez Canal Co. to be absolutely

Trench.

Great earthquakes in Austria and JSorth Italy. Much property destroyed ; many lives

lost.

Judge Noel, at Georgetown, Queensland, roundly charged a jury with corruption in bringing in a tardiet against the weight of evidence. ^^^^^^^^^^^ '

THERE are certain aspects of the social life of nations to which sufficient attention does not appear yet to have been given. MACAULAY in one of his famous essays'has shown that the modern Englishman has a host of advantages which the ancient English- man had not, such as gas, hospitals, paved streets, varieties of food, and many other things altogether unknown to the days of what was called "merrie England." On the other hand, we have Socialistic writers who pile up all the social horrors that they can find, and ask us to believe that modern civilisation is altogether a failure, which should be swept away as soon as possible, in order that a new order may be made to prevail. It is possible, according to the view we take, and the evidence that we may choose to collect, to show that we live either in a most eulightenedor most brutal age,in one in which benevolence prevails or callous

competition crushes out life and makes j

the worker no more than a beast of

burden whose powers are to be used up in the manner most profitable to his owner. We have a host of shriekers

on both sides. The curse of the day,

both in writing and speaking, is that all sorts of incompetent persons have cometo judgment, who are incapable of seeing more than one side of a question, and so we have the wild and ioolish writing of wild and foolish women, and the diatribes of men who have never mastered the simplest elements of the questions with'which they undertake to deal in a most decided and even dogmatic fashion. MACAULAY seems to have made the mistake of gauging the social condition of the working classes by the physical advantages which they were able to obtain, without taking into account the conditions uuder which the working-classes are compelled to live. For example, the Manchestercotton worker,whether man

or woman, has a host of advantages which a man or woman in the bush in these colonies can never hope to enjoy. There are free libraries, paved streets, gas and electric lights, hospitals where the highest skill can be had without piiymeut, not to speak of 'newspapers, books, theatres, and a host of other things. The man in the bush, the struggling settler or the settler who has got over his early 'struggles, b*3 none of these things. Yet, we my ask, which of tile two is the better off ii Which is the better mau ? -Which leads^ the freer, the happier, the nobler life ?

Our answer would be the man in the bush. It is true that, he

has much to suffer, and lacks, many things. He has to put up with coarse fare, though he often makes it coarser than be need ; he has to work hard ; he has to plough his way over what are termed roads ; and he has no music-halls, theatres, concerts, and other amusements to enliven his evenings. Yet we do not think that there can be a question as to the superiority of a bush life as compared with life in a factory, in .spite of all the advantages which the modern factory worker is able to obtain. It was some such "perception as this which caused Lord SPENCER, in his " History of England," to contend that the people in the reign of QUEEN ANNE were better off than they are in the, reign of QUEEN VICTORIA, mainly because they had more veal enjoyment of life. He has shown that there is a great deal to be said on this side of the question, iu spite of COBDEN, who used to ridicule the old-fashioned, slow ways of doing business, and we are inclined to the opinion that our modern progress is purchased at a price which makes it come very dear to us indeed. On the other baud, we have to bear in mind the fact that Great Britain has now to sustain an

enormous population, which could not be sustained except by a development of manufactures which enables her to obtain an enormous quantity of food of all kinds from abroad. What was possible in the days of QUEEN ANNE is altogether out of the question in the days of QUEEN VICTORIA.

In these days we are somewhat the victims of statistics. They are most valuable things when properly com- piled and properly used, but they are, probably, the cause of more absurdities than any other product of human study and ingenuity. In England, of course,trade statistics, that is, statistics of exports and imports, are of great importance, because" the nations may be said to live by trade, and must trade to live. But, even in Great Britain down to this very day; in spite of all that has been written', the meaning of these figures is widely misunderstood, so that the moat comical errors are promulgated, and even müáe the basis of a new move-1 ment. It was the absurd blunders of I the Pair Trade patty which caused it to be laughed out of existence. It lamented over the magnitude of the imports as compared with the exports, as if a man or a nation gained by what be gave away and lost by what he received. In these colonies, too, there are numerous statistical-fallacies

current, mainly in regard to imports I and exports, but also in connection with other matters. Tasmania, for example, comes in for much con- temptuous criticism from our bigger neighbours, chiefly because «re are not able to match their figures in regard to trade. But, when we want to in- quire into the condition of a people we have to consider other things than "red lined accounts," a great many other things, in fact, from which we ! deduce the conclusion that this colony I would be able to show that it is quite

as well off as its neighbours. In some respects it may be behind, but, then, the point is, how are we going to define the term "well-off," as it may be made to mean many different things? Lord SPENCER'S opinion of the days of QUEEN ANNE is not that of COBDEN, but which was the true philosopher ?

The recent holidays have caused certain visitors to make reflestions. They have declared that Tasmanians ore, good at, holiday-making, if at nothing else. Oi^ »visitor. hM^MÍd

that they take to holidays like ducks I to water, and he does not seem to be j very wrong. Well, what then ? The answer is, that a people that does not work hard cannot expect to be rich. The wealth of Victoria was due to the energetic, ceaseless toil of the early immigrants, who knew nothing about any eight hours movement. A barren country like Scotland has been transformed into a rich country by hard work, frugality and skill. The French holder of a little bit of land lives by incessant toil and incessant saving. In Germany the women work harder than the meu, and there are even places in Tasmania where the German women scrub the land' and the men take contracts. In all these coses success is the result, and an example is set which, to a certain extent, is worthy of imitation. The difficulty is, to keep the golden mean. Many of the iailures in this colony are due, undoubtedly, to the want of wise and steady industry, but more to the settlers not being willing to " creep before they gang." Hence come the mortgages that eat up the profits and eat out the hearts of the workers, and ruin follows from despair. This is the dark side of the picture, the other Bide might have been seen on Monday, and may soon be seen again, in the' thousands of holiday-makers swarm- ing along all the, roads, all well

dressed, and, what is more, prac-' tically all well behaved. As a visitor

said, a country thut can show such' scenes as this cannot be a bad one, and if the people are*slow, tbey are at least wise enough to know that life is something to -be enjoyed, 'especially when the glorious .sunshine makes Nature look as if we Jived in a world where nothing can go wrong.

IT is to be hoped that the Conference held iii Hobart yesterday on the sub- ject of cool storage and meat export may, at any rate,« serve to stir up the agricultural interest to resort to more combined efforts to improve the posi- tion of the industry, for, according to mora than one speaker's remarks, it is at present in a very languishing state. This is mainly attributed to low prices and an insufficient market ; but how the provision of cool storage works will at present improve matters is not by any means made apparent As the manager of the Australia'n Land. Mortgage, and Finance Co. pointed out in his able letter which ' we I published yesterday morning, on the mainland of Australia and in New Zealand the supplies of meat and" produce are actually in excess of the local requirements, and witli enormous possibilities of development ; whilst Tasmania does not even produce all she wants. During the greater part of the year the colony is an importer of

fat sheep and cuttle. To talk about cool storage for treat and meat export- ation from this islund just now is therefore unfortunately little shoit of an" absurdity. Several speakers evi- dently saw this, and admitted that it is at present impossible to send beef and mutton to the London market in competition with the larger colonies, which possess^ far greater re- sources and better facilities ; but they thought cool storage would be an ad- vantage in the development of butter and pork factories, and possibly

hereufter in connection with the export of poultry. Before we can export mutton we must have the right sort of sheep for <" freezers." and in very large nuniberaj'íor'smalP'íiues" do nob pay. We have scarcely any sheep at all suitable for the freezing chambers. The carcases of most of those we have would-turn black in the Erocess. Such crosses as the Lincoln

eices>ter and the Lincoln-Merino re- quire to be bred for the purpose. These are some of the preliminary require- ments of the business which have at the outset to be supplied, and which Tasmania^ "" graziers are deficient in. Whilst a sin table placafor storing dairy producerfüfcid peiiiaps kork, in Hobart at ccrta.uVtimes ot'.thiiyear may prove io souk^extent ' awantageous, un TioubtedHBie best tang our agricul turist^Spi body «pan do to improve theitSpMrrkets and prices is to ninkua . united ^effort to bring producer and consumer together, and thereby minimise the great margin of profit in almost allj " fines," which is now pocketed by the middleman. Some evils are more apparent than real, but this one is even more real thon is

generally made apparent, especially in relation to the sales and purchases of live stock. One instance given _at_ the Conference suffices to prove this in a striking manner Mr. Cotton said that on an average the farmers sold their meat at lid. per lb. We can all calcu- late the great difference between lid. per lb. anti the prices paid iu the shops tor butcher's meat The same thing applies in an equally striking manner to numerous other agricultural pro- ductions, the difference between the prices received by the producer and those paid by the consumer "being unreasonably great.

THE new development in journalism under which ordinary news and general literary articles are alike supple- mented by pictorial illustrations finds a striking example in the London Daily Chronicle, one of the most powerful, if not the chief among tho r daily press of the great metrópolis. Its pages are now livened daily by pictures ot a bold and striking, type illustrative of pass- ing events, ana, as occasion arises, specially produoed to mark any important event in civic ^ Or national

history. For instance. New London,

her Piirllaujent and its work-that Is tho County Council, in its now and forward development -.has recently been described by Special Commission- ers, and the records of their pens have been supplemented by dopy right'pic- tures illustrative of many»phases in the great work of control and organisation of labour which the Cyun'cil has under- taken. Portraits of members of the

Council, scenes in Technical School class

rooms, lodgings of workjng men and women, in the old and new style, places of health, pleasure, and recreation, are al) limned with free and vigorous pencillings, and asaelimax to this good work, Sir Edward Burne-Jones, Bart, the greatest living English artist, has drawn for the readers ot the Daily Chronicle a picture, in itself a poem, of labour in the morning of the world, "when Adam delved and Eve span." A picture which, included in the ordinary price of the publication, is of such rare artistic mferit that it has been decided to rescue it from

the ephemeral form in which it waa first produced, and to publish it in a form suitable for permanent

S reservation. All this marks the new

etelopment of journalism, which, to keep pace with the times, must beguile the ? time by every aid and adjunct. Men ha\e become too busy, or too .nervously impatient, to read laboriously thought out and carefully digested essay. They want their mental like their physical food, condensed, sub limed, raiefied, and served with prompt- ness and despatch, lucidity and brevity

are of more value than learned disquisition, and every aid and supplementary adjunct that will

enable him who runs to also read is hailed with pleasure. Thus a great change is working out its own manifestation. Where multitudes

congregate there the illustrated daily J broad sheet finds favour, and its some-1 tine novelty is now fast settling down

to place among daily needs. Quietly going non-progressive communities may still deem, the innovation of freehand pictures in j the columns of daily news sheets a subject for amused surprise, rather than worthy of sup- port or countenance, but by-and-bye even they will wake up,, and at no distant date lhere ..will scarcely be a

daily paper published that will not "hold the mirror up to nature " in more attractive guise than close serried ranks of type. As a means of education to tho masses these news-pictures, though rough bown and impel feet as works of art, fulfil a wide-spread mission.

THE piece of bounce of which the New Plymouth bondholders were guilty has been very properly met by Mr. Ward, who flouted them in return,and laughed at their threats to do the stocks of the colony harm unless the Government caine to the relief of their unfortunate speculation. They must have formed a very erroneous opinion of Mr. Ward's character, _ after short acquaintance with him, if they supposed that he was the man to be either intimidated or coerced into^ recommending 'what his own convictions had not led him to perform, and it is pretty evident that before this they have found out what a Tartar they have caught. Mr. Ward, of course, has right on his side. The New Zealand Government can no more be called upon to make good the unfortunate speculation of the New Plymouth Harbour authorities than they could be asked to prevent any individual bankruptcy in the colony, and make up for the losses from it The bondholders, in this instance, went into the affair with their eyes open, lured into the scheme by the tempting öfters of large interest which were made. If they did not scan closely enough the security offered them, and chose to believe that it was authorised and guaranteed by the Government, that surely is no argument why" the Govern- ment should have to bolster up a pro- ject with which they had nothing whatever to do. Still more unfair is the threat of intimidation now held out as a irenoce to secure what cannot be got by fair means. The use of Sir John Lubbouk's name in this connection is not at all creditable to that gentleman,

for it has usually hitherto tieen

associated with liberal and broad ideas, very different from such an attempt at blackmailing as this. How- ever, it matters little who was at the bottom of the movement ; Mr. Ward has given the busybodies their reply, and it is one which will be heartily approved and endorsed wherever the facts of the case aro truly known and appreciated. There is very little fear of a new loan being hurt by such conduct; it will be taken for what it is worth, and stand or fall on its own merits.

HOMEWARD ENGLISH MAILS.- The Eng- lish .mails homeward bound, which loft Tasmania on the 11th ult., arrived in Lon- don on the 14th inst. per K.M.S. Rome, They were due on April 16.

TUB Knurr CO.NFEBÜNCE -Mr. James Wilihirc, F.L.8., president oi the National Uortiotiltural and Pome-logical Society of Kew South Wales, has been on a visit to Hobart, but left yesterday by the §.s. Aus- tralia,, legretting that he could npt stay for the Fruit Conference and Show bett week, Mr. Wilshire has, however, contributed a paper on the export question, in whioh he takes a great itterest, and' having travelled a good deal is able to write with authority.

TECHNICAL SCHOOL COMMITTEE.-A meet- ing of this committee was held at the Teoh ¡cal School last evening. Present: Mess'6. A. J. Taylor (chairman), J. Bradley, M.R.A., B. Pemberton, and lion. H. Lamb, M.L.C. A lotter was.reoeived from the Minister of Education approving of the apportionment of the sum of £5 to one of Mr. Kingsmill s students who had pasted ali classes, to act as astiatant demonstrator. The Finanoe Committee reported that they bad examued the account* and found every, th ng correct. Certain acaounts were passed for payment. The committee recommended that iocs, etc., be lodged in the bank and paid out by cheque, and also that the caretaker be voted £1 10s. out of the receipts for use of the lecture . hull for the University lectures. The report was adopted. The matter of inspecting the lighting arrangements with a view to re- ducing the consumption of gas was left in

the hands of the chairman and Mr. Bradley. It waa agreed to grant the Sanitary Association the use of the lecture hall for a lecture on "Bacteriology,"'by Mr. Park, gas and attendance only to be charged for. The* secretary reported that 14 additional pupils had joined the classes sines the half-term commenced. The Chair- man announced that a circular had been re- ceived from the Art Society of New South

Wulfs stating that three prizes of 75, 25, I

and lSitua. each were offend for the best I three pictures on " Minerva, the Goddess of Wisdom." The pictures might be {neither oils or watercolours, and tho competition was open to artists throughout Austral- asia, The trustees of the National Art Gallery of New South Wales had consoated to act as judges, ile thought this opportunity should be embraced by some of the Tasmanian artists. The Chairman also drew attention to the success which the art cUss was meeting with. An opportunity wis now being ottered to students to work from living models, and great benefit was re- sulting. Specimens of sketches from life were exhibite > on the table, and warmly admired by the committee. During the «vening Mr. I). Mcintyre, president of the Builders' and Contractors' Association, Sydney, was introduced to the oommittee by Mr. Pumherton, who afterwards showed the visitor round the institution, with whioh he expressed himself highly pleased.

CITY. POLICE COÜKT. - Before Messrs. Thomas Bennison and J. W. Johnson, Ja P., yesterday, Alfred Biggins was fined 10s. 6d. for disturbing the peace ia Harrington-street in the small hours of the morning. Kilon Lee was seut to gaol for three months for being an idle and disorderly person. Ellen Lavell, an old offender, was fined 10s. 6J. for making use of obscene o xpressions. John Sullivan was fiued i,0i. 6d. for resisting Police-cous'able Johnson at the Hobart railway station. Isaac H. Falfreyman, Cutirles J. Atkins, Alfred Kennerley, A'ulrov V, Miller,William Leary, Ah Wsng, and John Langley' were each fined 10s. for iffences against,the C'odlin Moth Act. In the e-se of C. J. Atkins the costs wer.î remitted., '*TJB/ i

PIKE AT ARöti.ß-süattäf.-About Ö o'cioflk last evening Constable Hicks beard erics of tire proceeding front MS, Argyle-street, which is occupied by Mfu Hofdcfoft. When Ibe oiEwr entered the house! he found a bed and bedding well ablaze, aflà the room filled with smoke. The fire was promptly extinguished by a few buckets of water. Superintendent Maher of the Fire Brigade, was present, and saw all safe before leaving the house. A few minutes before the out- break some children were in the room look- ing for a coat, and it Is supposed that the fire originated through some lighted matches aooidrntally dropped on some papers whioh were on the bed. The damage waa of trifling extent. *

FKKAIX FOBÏSTBV.-Court Floreaos Nightingale, A.O.F., female lodge, held the asnal fortnightly meeting at the Temperance ball on the tJth inst. The obalra were taken by the District officers. The dispensation was prest nted, sad three names seleoted'as founders-of the court, "viz., Sisters Hollis, fiegnell, and Johnson. This wart baa now bean opened nins months, and has some 60 members on its roll, and is progrès-ins favourably. At tbe end of the westing it .as proposed by P.C.B. Sister Hollis, seconded by Sister Marriott, treasurer, that a hearty vote of thanks be tendered to the executive for presenting the dispensation and ritual, also-for their attendance that evening. The Distriot CB. Bro. R. H. Stubb, S CB. Bo. Kalbfell, and tbe Dis- trict seoretary. Bro. Stump,suit»bly replied.

ROAD TKUST ELECTIONS-The annual nleotion of two trustees for the Aagusta Road Trust District takes place to day, and for the Oatlands Road Trost to monow. I» connection with the Road District of South Bridgewater the annual election takes place on the 24th inst. Nominations will be received up to 4 o'clock to morrow.

NboiiALGiA TROUBLES a great number of people at this season of tho year. It can be »uccessfulh treated by taking Gould's Neuron dine, which is a speedy and effectual remedy. Prisulbud by leading doctors and used by great numbers of people in Tasmania. It is «old in bottles at ls.6d.esob, with full direo tions. and sent anywhere per post for is Od Gould*Neuralgic Paint is an external appli cation, which bas a marvellous effect in re lleving at once severe nerve pains. Price-is., per poet, Is. 3d.; or the two bottle« posted for Sa. H. 1H. T. Oovu> fe Co, Pharmaoeutioal HOMoMpetnlo t caentMfcfra, Hlsabetti-street

lsTrm<;itf^liii|^|lii7fWVti^rÍTt ttri Ttijnht

MlLitARV.-Tho.War Office hosforwarded a long-service and good conduct medal for Quarter-Master Sergeant Hardy, B.E., of the Tasmanian Defence Force, stationed at Hobart, and the Government will see that the honour is presented to bim upon some suitable public occasion,

i MIGRATION STATISTICS.-The Government Statistician (Mr. R. M. Johnston) has just I issued a return showing the number of per | sons who arrived at and departed from the

oniony during the quarter ended March 31. The total number of arrivals was 7,744, against 8,146 for the corresponding period of I last year ; of this number Victoria contri-

buted 5,723, and New South Wales 1,628 ; 77 oame from tbe United Kingdom ; 317 from New Zealand ; and 1 from South Australia, The total number-of departures during the quarter was 6,900, leaving an exocss of arrivals numbering 844

Ox TBK WING.-Many travellers on the trams will miss the genial face of Mr. J. M. Hume, the late inspector, but his many friends will bo glad to hear that he has been offered and has accepted a lucrative and more congenial post in Sydney, whither he left on board the s.s. Oonah last night. We wish him evory success in his new sphere,

HOLY_ TRIHITV CHURCH. - A lurvost thanksgiving festival is announced to be held in this ohoreh to-morrow (Thursday) evening, at half-past 7. The ohoral evensong will iuoludo Goss' anthem, " O taste and see," and a duet from Israel in the Wilderness, " As the manna fallein." The Rov. Charles Vaughan will be the preacher.;

TUK HOLY TRINKT CHOIR.-The mern l>ers of this organisation held their annual picnic at Kingston on Easter Monday uuder most favourable conditions, the weather being all that could be desired. The gathering included the member* of the Trinity Bellringers, who, in conjunction with the choir, played a cricket match with the Usborne C.C. The Rev. O. W. Shoo- bridge and family were also present, and assisted by the lady members of the ohuir most successfully supervised urrangeuiouts in connection with the oiftlug - Tbe con- ductor, Mr. F. P. Bowden, urrauged foot races, eto., for the boys, for which suitable prizes were ptovidod, and when a start was made for town it waa unanimously agreed that the day's outing was one of the most enjoyable that had been spent by the choir | and their friends.

THK BOYS' TRAINING SCHOOL.-The 11th

annual entertainment by the boys of the Training Sohool takes place to-morrow even- ing at the institution. A lengthened aud admirable programme of songs, recitations, etc., have been provided, and there is likely, as usual, to be a crowded attendance. Friends desirous of being present may pro- cure tickets at Hood's, dr at the school. Sir fcdwsrd Braddon presides.

MASONIC-Brethren of the Pacific Lodge, Ko. 5, T.C., are reminded by advertisement that (be rrgulor meeting will be held at 7,30 this evening, and members of the Tasmanian Operative, the Tasmanian Union, and-the Koohab Lodges are requested to meet at the hall for the purpose of attending tho in- stallation of tbe W.M. elect of the Pacific Lodge.

SALVATION ARMY. - Coloael and Mrs.

Dowdle, the veteran officers, of this organisa- tion, continued their mission Ust eveulog io the Memorial Church, in which a large COR-, gregation bad assembled. The Rev, J, X, Pieraoy was upon the rostrum, aud spuke as to receiving tho blessing of entire sanotifi CHUÇnt.-ïfte .C9l?i>?i ^«a-fléilvcred bis aáuiSí» ít»m 1. Johä I., whioh la.tod for some 40 miäätes; iff wbiefa he foioibly set forth the moaning" Vi th6 different versos and words mentioned in that chapter, show- ing tbe perfect salvation which Christ name to give his people, following it np by illus- trations from varied experience gained in his travels throughout the world. The address held the lirgs/asjdience right through, and, judging from tan faces of tho people, was a great help to ali. This atternoon Bin. Dowdle gives a- bible reading in the Memorial-hall upon Abraham's life and character, sod to-night the Colonel and his wife w11 be at the Primitive Methodist Church.

BAPTIST UNION.-The annual meetings of the Baptist Union of Tasmania ate an- nounced for to day and to-morrrow. At 7.30 this evening Partor E. Harris preaohes a sermon. To-morrow morning at 8 a Zenana missionary will be held, and at 7.30 p.m. sptoialaddresses are to be given.

ORDINATION SERVICE.-Rev. W. Perry Hart will be ordained to the Congregational Church, at New Town, on Friday next at

7.30.

LINDISFARNE BAT QUARANTINE STATION. -All tenders for the rental of the premises and grounds at Lindisfarne Bay, known as the old quarantine station, must be sent iu by 10 o'clock this morning.

BANK HOLIDAY.-To-morrow (Thursday) has been gazetted as a Bank Holiday at Wynyard.

HOAD TRUST ELECTIONS.-As only the re- quired number of persons to fill the vacancies in the South Arm, Glen Fern, und Old Beach Road TruBts have been nominated, the nominees will bs duly declared elected without a poll. For the Riohmond Hoad Trust eieotion six persons have been

nominated.

WHAT THE PEOPLE SMOKE AND DRINK. On the motion of Sir F. Seager Hunt, a Parliamentary .return, illustrated by dia- grams, has been issued showing the con I sumption from 1861 up to the latest date

of alcoholic und non-uooholio beverages and of tobacco, compared with the increase of population in Great Britain. The geueral teaching of this official statement, which ha been prepared by the authorities of the Custom House, is, remarks the Westminster Gazette, that of beverages the augmentation in tho consumption of non-alcoholic drinks -tea, coffee, cocoa, and chicory-has far exceeded that of the alcoholic liquors. The former has risen from 125,009,0001b. in 1881 to 2Q5,O0O,O001b. in 1893. Tho figure in the diagram relating to these itenis is a sharp and oontinuous gradient upwards. On the other hand the consumption of British and loreign wines and spirits has risen from 35,000,000gals. in the same period to about 51,0u0,000gal.; but it was considerably higher from 1872 to 1878 than it is now. In the same way, the quantity of beer drunk, though about 60 pur cent, more than it was 30 years ago, shows a deoline when compared with the years from 1872 to 1878. Exhibited in detail, it appears that the Spanish wines attained their maximum in 1873, and that the sale is less now than it was in 1861. The consumption of Freuoh and Portuguese wines is greater than was the oase 30 years ago, but the totals were larger in 1875 and 1876 than they are at present. Wines other than those of France, Spaio, and Portugal show a slight advance. The consump- tion ot tobacco has risen in the interval from 29,000,0001b. to 62,000,0001b. The most remarkable variations are shown iu regard to beer. In 1861 tho average amount consumed per head per annum of the popula- tion of tho United Kingdom waa about 24gal. In 1875 this had advanocd rapidly to38îial.; it then fell steadily to 27gal, in 1880, JW* bus no?? risen again to 29Jg»l. Foreign witto» lu tile Mospetons times of 1874 0 rose to 44 pints par head yearly average, and they had since declined to leis than 3 pints. Spirits, British and foreign,

exceeded 10 pints pet head in 1875, and they I now average less than S pints. Of tobacco, the people of theto islands consumed each, in 1801, 19oz. per annum on an average, lu 1893 the use of the weed had lisofi to 2(JLZ, per head.

A CURIOUS PROCLAMATION.-The North China Herald states that the Shanghai Taolai bas issued a proclamation offering a reward c4 lOO.OOOtls. to anyone who succeeds in defeating the enemy, causing a lues to them of several thousand mea, and a similar sum whenever a Japanese ironclad Is destroyed or captured, tbe reward for vessels of smaller size being oirt down by one-half. Tbe troops holding an important position who succeed in bealing off the enemy will be rewarded with 30,OOOtls., anda similar sum will be given in the event of a Japanese con- verted cruiser being destroyed, while the reward for the destruction of a torpedo boat will be 20,000tls. The destruction of a ship's boat belonging to the enemy, and the destruction of 10 or inore of the crew, will be rewarded wltb 1,000tis,, and anyone presenting the heads of Japanese bandK* will be given 60tls. apiecu. Generals aad colonels of battalions who bave sneoseded'ln defeating- the enemy will aot only be re- warded according to tbe above sosie, but their names will also be submitted to the' Throne for extraordinary promotions,

VïLVKT AND VBLVETEBK. -The demand for

velvet cannot fail to be very large this seaton on account of the quantities that will be needed for trimmings, even if, as a regu- lar dress material, it does not occupy a very {iromlnent place. At this early date velvet s much asked for for Hat and Bonnet trim- mings, also for collar facings, bows, and rosette:, the colour being principally navy, brown, maroon, green, and black. It is, however, the chief fabric to ibe used for Bonnet and Hat making, the latest colour being called Valkyrie ; possibly there will be quite a run in tbi* shade. Mr. W. M. williams, ever to tho fore with the latest novelty, whatever it may be, has at present a good supply of this new shade as well as a good assortment of Velvets and Velveteen, In all the saltablecoiours, which are commanding aqojcksal*. Mr. Williams wishes to rewind ?is patrons that, on account of the holiday

A THEATRICAL BENEFIT. - Mr. Tom Pollard, of Lilliputian Opera renown, upon whom evil times have of late fallen, a fire in New Zealand having well nigh wrecked himself and oompany, has been accorded a substantial benefit at Christchurch, the dis- tinguishing feature of auoh benefit being the aid rendered by lady musicians and vocalists of the city. Referring to his claims on the public the Lytteltou Times says ho deserves a high place in citizens' regard. " Un- assuming, genial, frank, generous, and honourable, he has gained the not over common distinction of being liked most by those who know him best. As a publio entertainer ho has a wide and well-dcservcd popularity, His relations with the throng of young people who form his company are exceedingly creditable to bim. Many of them have been taken from poor surroundings; all of them are wstched and guarded with sorupulous care, and are being put in tho way of entering a profes- sion in which they may attain distinction, and will, at all events, be able to maintain themselves. How well Mr. Pollard treats his young people is tolerably widely known but it may not bo so generally known that he has, in spite of bad times and bad luck, retained children who, if he had mnuuguu his business on hard commercial principles, he would have sent back to the scones of their earlier life. The benefit is, wo ara ?orry to say, much needed."

A FARM COLONY ¿.XPKRIMENT.-Facts of

an encouraging character are to be found in the first report of the Rev. ileibert Mills on the subjeot of the home colonisation experiment, begun something like two years aud a half ago in the county of Westmore- land. Mr. Mills, who proclaims himself the most sanguine man in England, as regards the principles of home colonisation and co- operative village life, laid down from the first, as necessary conditions of success, a fair trial of at leant seven years and a capital of not less than £7,000. The money, thanks in great part to the generosity of Mr, Thommasson, of Bjttou, has beon forthcoming, but the stipu- lated period, it will be seen, is far from having expired. However, us there has been a notion in some quarters that tho experiment has been abandoned, Mr. Mills has come forward to etato bow things really stand at the present time. There lias, he says, been no halting or interval in the work from the first settlement of two or three colonists on four acres of land until now, when tho colonists number 32, and the free- hold land under cultivation oonsùts of 130 acres. The question is : Ia the colony self supporting? By tho very naturo of the problem it is one that is difficult to answer in the early stages of the experiment. Every new industry is expensivo at first. But the future prosperity of the colony Mr. Mills

considers to be assured.

AN ArPROACiiiNO MARRIAGE IN mau I

LIFE.-Regarding the cable message pub- lished a few days ago fn reference to the engagement of the Duchess af Marlborough to Lord Wm. Beresford, Outicard Bound has the following : - " Much interest is aroused by the announcement that tho Dschess of Marlborough is going to re- marry. The bridegroom was said to be Lord William Beresford, a 'V.C., and extremely popular man, but this has been denied, and anothsr member of his family ii to be the lucky man, Jhis still young and charming lady Is one of ourfflosUhtihtftfllWt! »»d bolt liked Anglo-American society womer; "R Uat that includes Ludy Randolph Churchill, the Countess of Craven, and mauy more peeresses. The Duchess of Malborough was widow, when she married the late Duke, and having been onoe the wife of an American millionaire sod then of one of the few dukes of Great Britain, there is nothing left for her to gain by marriage, except personal happi- ness, which it is to be hoped will be attained. The best testimony ot her charaoterand dis- position is the affection that Bbo enjoys in the family of the late husband, some of the members of which are constantly with Her

Grace."

A WHALE ON FIRE.-A fire, whioh might have proved a great disaster, broke out recently at the Casino de Paris, just as the performances at the contiguous Nouveau' Theatre and in the Casino itself hud ter- minated. It originated in the great whale, the inside of which had long been used as a little concert-room, Thspitch and tar with which the carcase was bedaubed offered suoh good food for the flames that the con- flagration spread with great rapidity. Though the Casino waa still fairly full of persons, who had commenced dancing, no one was seriously injured in the panic wbiuh ensured. The servant's of tho establishment, acting with great prompti- tude and pretence of miud, threw open all the doors, and in a few minutes every- one was iu the Btr'out out of dauger. Tho ballet. girls employed at the Nouveau Theatre were, at the moment when the ery of " Fire 1*' was raised, just changing their light attire for their walking dresses. Some of thom were terribly frightened aud rushed into the street jost they were, witli very slight attire. - Within an hour, the firemen, who had arrived almost imme- diately from the fire brigade station in Rue Blanche, bad completely mastered the flames. About half the Casino do Paris was also

destroyed. _

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