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ARnrvALs.-Withlin the last three days, there have arrived in Port Philip, the Phanlghae, the New Orleans, the Seindian, thle Panama, from London; the Cambridge, the Mobile, and the Serampore, from Liverpoo!l; and the Lord Warriston, from Glasgow. They have brought upwards of sixteen hundred pas sengers. A number of passengers have also arrived in vessels from the Cape and Adelaide. DOWvTNG-STREET DEIPERENE. - GO vernor LaTrobe may as well abandon his deferential, and even servile, habit of looking to the Hoome Colonial Office for minute instructions upon every point, before he ventures to act. We have it on high authority, and it was utterel in the House of Commlons, that tile cu-tom of making the colonies defer to the hIome Government in every minute particular, is quite a modern innovation; :ntd Par liament was told that the sooner it was abandoned the better. CoRN IN EGTr. - An intelligent a~riculturist in Van Dicmen's Land has published a letter, in which he adduces specific reasons for the assertion, that there is no scarcity of either grain or cattle in Yan Diemen's Land; and he affirms that they can supply Victoria liberally, at a very moderate rate. His object in publishing thie letter, is to pre vent what he thinks will be the ultimate injury of the agriculturists of Van Die men's Land, by a sudden and unnaturnd rise in prices bringing in foreign specu lators. ExTRaVOANT ExPETAIrso xs.-Dr. Carr, the surgeon superintendent of the Araminta, at Point HIenry, in a report addressed to Mlr. Strutt the Assistant Immigration 'gent at Geelong, makes a formal complaint of the mutinous conduct of the immigrants, and of thile extrava gant rates which they demand for their services. The Highlanders are not the only people who have moset extravagant notions about their value in this land of gold: but their eyes will be opened before they are long in the colony. FLOUR roR THE DrIGGTxs.-A small steamer is to ascen- the Murray, from Adelaide, with a cargo of flour, and ex pects to reach a point within forty miles distant from the northern portion of the diggings. Irstr CoaPPE MINES--There are two members of the House of Commons, Mr Bernal and :Ir Bernal Osborne, falther and son. The sen takes the additional name of Osborne, from having married an Irish heiress of that name. The father is a fine hearty old man, and has long filled the post of Chairman of Com mittees-that is, Chairman of the Heose when it ia sitting in Committee The son has been in the army, and is a very spirited gentleman. It seems that a copper mine has been discovered on his property ia tha county of Wexforl Ireland, which 's reported as rich. TirE GAZETTE.--The following are government notifications in the last Gazette: Notice is given by the Post mans:er General, that in future all letters posted for [nghand will be transmitted only per the government steamers, un less specially marked as per a partteular ship, or first opportunity. One hun dred pa?,a reward is offered for the eaprehension and the conviction of the murderers of a man found dead on the 25th ult., at Fiddlers' Green, Bendigo. Deceased had, when found, in his pocket, a gold receipt dated G20th .ftly, 1852, in favor of Edward Rawlinson.--Buru Bank, Pyrenees,is ordered to be a place for hIIlding a court of Petty Sessions. Crawford Pasco is appointed a territorial magistrate. as well as superintendentt of water police and resident magistrate at Williams own.-George D. Smythe is appointed a surveyor of the Colony - John Vdaard Newell Bull is appointed a territorial magis:rate, and a commis missioner of croan lands for the gold districts.-Rollert Redo is appointed an assista:nt commissioner of crown la ds for the gold disericts.--Hiugh C. E. Chil ders is appointed (provisio:ally-) auditor geteral ot the colony --Idward G;rimes is gazetted as immigration agent, and George W. Rusden, as clerk of the Exe cutive Council; J. 31. Ardlie is ap pointed clerk of petty sessions at Warr nanmbool; R. 3Minchin, at Bacchus MIarsth, and Jlames Mackay, at Heorsham. -Tenders are invited until II o'clock, Nov. 2, for the conveyance of gold, money, and parcels to and from Melbourne and MunIt Alexander and Fendigo twice a week ander government escorts. Government land sales of allotments, in MIelbourne are advertisedl in thile Ga zette to take place on the 17th and two following days of Norember. At the close of the month of .Tuly, the expectation of another ablundant harvest in Englamd had caused the average prices of wheat to range as low as 40s 9d. This is considered to be a moderate price in England; and should the expectations of the abundant harvest be reaiised, prices will be, at this nioment, in England, as moderate as they hare been since the memorable abundlant years from 183::I to 1836. The increase of emigration from Eritain must also tell more or less on consumption. With an abundant harvest in England, as well as in the United States, we hlave rational grounds for anticipating that large supplies will be poured into this country; which, along with our own anticipated ftvorable season, may relieve us from apprehension as to the future. Foreries inere?ne in Melbourne. A young man of the name of Spencer hla, ben commniter l for trial for prelenting a forged cheque, pur porting to he igned! by Mr. Montefiore, fPer 7541 One ot the City police ? Is aIO been cormmittel Sstl, for uttringf forged fifty and ten pound

It is remarked that the colony has had a long and a very plai, spoken contro versy witil thle mother coun:try, about the transerenoe of tlhe revenue in all its branches to the Colonial legislature. MIany bulb expressions have been uttered from tune to time by those who occupied the fore front among our legislative holst. These men were determined to pushll to the very utmost their righteous claim, and from session to session heldt their position unabashed, fighting with despera tion for a principle which was to eman cipate the co'ony from political slavery. Though they have not yet achieved the full victory, tthough they have not vet been able to unfurl t~he banner of perfect freedomni, tihey have certainly urged their way so far in the right direction, as to reduce the ultimate result to a moral cer tainty. Oun ihi.r.TO.nEr s -The followinr are commonly understood to be about the annual revenues of some of the aristo crsacy Duke of Sutherland £360,000 Northumberland 300,000 Buceleugh 250,000 Portland 220,000 Bedford 150,000 Devonshire 200,000 Marquis of \bereora 130,000 -IHertford 140,000 Westminster 320,000 Earl of Fitzwilliam 170,000 Lonsdale 110,000 Lord Ward 210,000 There are also lords of the loom in Lancashire and Yorkshire sith approxi mate revenues. Having touched on rentals it is fit to contrast them with " profits and gains;" of these the best testimony are the returns of the income and property tax. For the year ending the 5th April, 1849, the following were the returns of the income of £1000 and upwards, and the number of persons of each clads- £ 1,000 and under £ 2,000 4,659 2,000 ,, 3,000 1,282 3,000 ,, 4,000 622 4,000 ,, 5,000 327 5,000 ,, 10,000 617 10,000 ,, 20,000 216 20,000 ,, 50,000 85 50,000 and upwards 10 It is to be hoped that the recent ex ploration of the Murray, is only the pre cursor of many future efforts to open up the interior. Captain Cadoll reports the Darling as nearly deserted. This is owing to the paucity of white men, and the hostility of the blacks. The sheep in the district number about 37,000, ard the cattle amount to between 2000 and 3000 head, but many fine runs would undoubtedly be taken up, if steam was once established, and labour became a little more plentiful. Of the South Australian portion of the IMur ray, Captain Cadell gives no better account than he does of the Darl ing. At most of tthe places the duties are performed by blacks, who, when shep herding, are rationed just the saire as white men. One of the best appointed and most efficient stations on the river bas, in fact, for the last two years, been entirely conducted by blacks, who have not been insensible to invariable firmness and consistent kindness. Only that we have hitherto been in - hlIhl of building :"7, ,re mieghlt rival this in Victoria :-The ' Leeds Times' has a story of a wheelwright at Hluddersfield, who built a " grand waggon" in a chamber over his shop, and is unable to get it out. This is the Primrose family picture again. Pcsresr. - Dr Pusey, of Oxford, has written a severe letter to Sir John Iomilley, the 3iasterof the Rolls, for having termed the Tractarians " Pusey ites," and designating thm concealed Roman Catholics. Dr Pusey thinks such language unbecoming in a judge, who may hare to tnke part in the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, in ap peals from the Ecclesiastical Courts. Until recently, the people of London particularly, and of England generally, were remarkably innocent of anything like accurate information about this country. A leading London paper there fore informs them that the staples of Australia hare been wool and tallo.v; a full half of our imported wool having been brought from that island-continent. A considerable internal trade had also arisen in corn; besides many others in citdental to Eritish capital and labour working in a fine climate. Australia, in a compact fion, nearly equals iurope in size; with a popnlation of 400,000: the centre of the island is a depressed basin, with a vast hollow plain, sterile and im passable; but practicable tracts have been established between the three prin cipal settlements of New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia ; Van Diemen't Land being acces sible to all by water. A large proportion of the population is descended from convicts, and many con viets come oer from Va1n Diemen's Land. In such a country, gold fiells that appear to excel those of Califoritia, are dis covered; a large proportion in New Sonth Wales, but the richest of all in the newly separated province of Victoria. lHere is instant wealth, for every class, from the merchant to the shepherd: io etant wealth for every man who has energy and boldness to go and seize it for ihimself. Of course, other occupations become very unattractive, andt there is a general preference for gold digging to shleep-tending, 'tallow melting, wool clipping, corn-reaping, or any other slow occupation. The object of all this minute infirmation, is to induce people ta go to a country where they can get gold by working for it, as well as digging for it; and doubtless it has had its effect on the minds of many who are joining us.

The M"artin iither, from Hoiart Town to Anmy, was cointnplld to put into Sydney, in roniscqluenlc of thlie niuto;n! s conduct of the crew. On;ly o:ne hl,;in ws lao i dutny, and the ve-el had to be brougiht into Sydney harbonr nuder reefed topsails. The iiiutieers' wre sent to gaol. Scarcely a twelvemonth has elapsed since the ideai of a railway, with the electric telegraph, hetween Mellhoarne and Geelong, was regarded is a dream, equivalent to the alchemic ore of turnin? everv huser metal into gold. But the universal nrai?'ay idlen has now taken possession of both Enlanil and America; and where there is a will there is a way. For instance, the gi zanlie American project, for the continuation of the railway between New York, and the 3tisoio sipi to California, is a matter seriously thonght of. If, therefore, such an undertaking as that is feasible, and if it would li advantagwns to America, even in the present state of California, how far more iesirable would it he to Great Britain, to connect tier imlprial capital-London -with the capital of her Eastern empire-La hore-and finally with the capital of the Ann tralian empire - Sydney. What the Roekv Mountains are to the American project, the monntsinous contry of [Rbul may prove to the project herebi contemplatedl; but the physical diffienlties wouldl e of fir lesi consequenep, it is feared, than thi moran l difficlties British cap. ital, and British seience and skill, might over come the inhlical obstacles, but the moral ob stacles might be found far more ungovernanie. The maintenance of the stations which either the eleotric telegraph or the railway would re quire, amongst the wili tribes and people of Asia, thron.hont the whole of the route intero vening betwten Constantinople and Singapore, with the exception, perhaps, of the IHindoos, pre sents -,reat diflieulties; and these sn'ggestions therefore are not thrown out without some misgivings. Still, the commencement of electric telerapls and r.ilrays in India, and the network of railways primnihed by Mr. Rothsrcild in Syria, do nffanl some promise for the cnmpletion of these mighty projects for "obliterating time and space,;" and which wnlld contribute more to the advancement of intelligence, and the civilization of the whole world, than anything which has hitherto been contemplated. Repeated instanups have leen recently recorned of " hocissing," and such like instancesof low vilany, as occurring in Melbourne, in addition to the numerlus idring burglaries, violent roh lieries, and 4hoeking outrages. The following is another case of "Lhocr?ing." It is stated that on Monday, James Green nas chartaed with heing on the premises of Mr. Annman, in Swans ton-street, under peculiar circnmostanes. It appeared that he had just come down from the distineg, andi gone into ia Ipnlie-house. where he hal one glas ,if alewhiich had been evidettly drnggedl, as altholgh ie drank nothlin else, he soon became nearly frantce, and ran into Mlr. Auman's honse, under the idea that lie was being pur-ned, and requeired that he nmight li taken to the police sta;iun for safety. The poor fellow was dl.targed.

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