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HOBART TOWNS

MARCH 12, 1833,

Let ¡t be impressed apon your minds, let it be in-

stilled/into vour children, that the Liberty of tbe Press ia (he Palladium of a'l vour Civil, Political .nd Religious Rights. JüNIus.

Referring in our last Number to some remarks made by the Independent, upon the subject of a new order from the Home Government with respect to prisoner dis- cipline, we said that we had ourselves pur- posed bringing it under consideration.had we not thus been anticipated by our Con- temporary. The Colonist of Friday, in an editorial note to a letter, which sur« prises many people could have found place in a Journal, the ostensible Proprietor as well as Editor of which are both, by birth and education, gentlemen, and as such, are fairly presumed to exercise peculiar care upon every subpct introduced into their columns, "speaks of the new order, as one,in embryo.-Now ilso hap-, pens that instead of this, the order was published by the Government so long aq;o as the 25th January last, bearing the name of .Mr. Burnett as Colonial Secretary ; and is to an effect, of which we will pie Bently give many ot the precise words. Whist upon the subject however, we may remark that we have reason to believe some additional regulations connected with the Penal Settlement in question, will shortly be promulgated, of a nature that, in one respect at least, will give satisfac- tion to the Colony. But we will not an- ticipate on this head, confining ourselves _ at the piesent moment, to the immédiats

order before us. It is headed

STANDING INSTRUCTIONS FOR TUB REGULATION

OP THE PENAL SETTLEMENT ON TASMAN'S PE-

NINSULA.

His Excellency the Lieutenant Gavernnr has been pleased to direct that Tasman's Peninsula shall be established as a Penal Settlement, for the reception

. 1st.-Of convicts under colonial sentence of

'transportation, or imprisonment and hard

labour.

2nd.-Of convicts on their arrival, whose ' crimes in Great Britain may be notified by His Majesty's Government to have been of a nature peculiarly atrocious.

3rd.-Of convicts who may be convicted of violence or outrage during the voyage from England.

4th.-Of that class of offenders denominated, in familiar language, gentlemen convicts.

f he situation, and local advantages of this peninsula, a.lapt it in an especial manner, for the confinement and discipline of such convicts. It is a natural penitentiary, from which ordinary precaution will render escape impossible, and it includes within its boundaries, a sufficient variety of soil and of products, to supply work of every degree of severity. It is cut off from any secret means of communication with the cultivated districts, and yet is so near Head Quarters, that the local Government may ex-

ercise the strictest surveillance over it.

These criminals, when placed upon it, will be quite apart from the rest of the community, and the educated convicts, whom it is desired by His Majesty's Government especially to se- questrate, will have no victims upon whom their .jperior cunning will enable them to prey, and that intelligence which they have so miserably »bused and mis-directed, will not avail them.

It is distinctly to be kept in view by the Com- mandant ana the several public officers employ- ed on Tasman's Peninsula, that the design of this establishment, is the severe punishment of the vicious part of the community, as the means of deterring others from the commission of . crime, as well as the reformation of the cri- minals themselves ;and to thisend, the most un- ceasing labour is to be exacted from the con- victs, and the most harassing vigilance over .them is to be observed, together with such a minute system of classification as may be best calculated to develop their characters, habits, and dispositions.

On the faithful and zealous discharge of the duties assigned to the ofliet rs in charge, will greatly depend the result ot this important pe , nal institution ; therefore, although no orders in

?writing caur-ineet the exigency of every case, ' and much must rest upon that individual effort

which previous instruction cannot reach, the following outline of duties is laid donn for the information and guidance of all clashes of per- sons upon the peninsula, and the strictest at- tention to them is enjoined.

The several dunes of the officers and others, who are to have charge of the Set tlement is next given, and include in or- der-the Commandant, the Police Ma- gistrate, the S urge.>n, the Chaoiuin, Su- perintendent, Commissar at Officer, Oifi cers generally. .Next come pailicular instructions in regard to the convicta who are sent thither ; and who are divided, as befoie expressed .into four classes. , They

are at follows : -

\ " HK8T CLASS.

AH convict«, «xcept educated convicts, ar " riving at the sHtleinent, shall ne placed in this

clasa, unleaitbeorder received with them tuait

direct otherwise.

They shall he employed in hewing and cut

ting timber, ana drawing It to water's edge, of in any other hard labour which may be specially required. ;? .

They shall wear the yellow dress.

They shall not be put to task work, neither shall they be allowed to labour lazily, or to re- st rve their strength.

They shall never, under any pretence, be al- lowed to use the hoe, or the spade, or the rake, or any other agricultural implement, neither shall they ever be permitted to enter into the garden ot the settlement, except under circum- stances of the most pressing necessity, which shall form the subject of a speciafreport.

Agriculture and horticulture are employ- ments not to be committed to felons twice con- victed, who have not as yet shewn any disposi-

tion to reform their conduct.

CHAIN GANO.

Shall consist principally ot convicts who have been sentenced to the gang by the Police Magis- trate, or have been specially sent to ihe settle-

ment to be worked In chains.

They are to wear chains and the yellow dress, with the word " Felon" stamped upon it in several places-they are to sleep in separate cells-they are to go out to work one by one in

Indian file, and no conversation is to be allowed among them-they are to be put to the heaviest and most degrading labour that can be found

on the settlement

No sentence to this gang shall ever exceed 3 months in duration, without a special report being made to the Government.

RELIEF o ANO.

Men who have conducted themselves properly a^ter long probation, may by direction of the Commandant be removed to this gang.

The dress of this class shall be grey or

blue.

They shall be regarded in the light of pro- bationers, acquiring habits fitting them to be useful in society.

Their labour shall not he less continuous, but it shall be less severe, and less degrading than

that of the first class.

They may be employed in agriculture and horticulture, the use of the hoe and spade is not prohibited to them.

Out of this class the Commandant may occa- sionally, with the approbation of the Lieutenant Governor, appoint Constables, Messengers, Sec.

for the settlement.

EDUCATED CONVICTS. \

They form a distinct clans. They wear the grey dress.

They are employed in gardening, fencing and farming.

They are kept under the strictest surveillance and the labour done by each daily, is carefully

ascertained.

They may be punished by removal to the first class, and the chain gang, and by flagellation, or in any othey way that may appear best suited to the particular circumstance of each case.

They are deprived of every article whether of comfort or convenience the; may have about them on their arrival, and are to be in every res- pect restricted to such provisions and clothing, as are specially authorized.

By command of the Lieutenant Governor,

J. BURNETT, Colonial Secretary.

Who now will say that Transportation is no punishment-seeing that the mere circumstance of education, no matter how irreproachable previous character and con- duct, save ¡u one solitary instance, is of itself sufficient to place an individual in an in finitely worse condition, than if he had been a burglar, highwayman, or pick- pocket from childhood, had'run the gaunt- let of all the tread-wheels, stocks, and pillories in the kingdom, so that he ma- naged at last to make, his being sent to this Colony, his first appearance upon our chores.» And yet this is Prison discipline. Experience will soon show how it works.

In our last, we made a few observations upon the present state of Debtor and Cre- ditor law here at the present moment, in respect to debts whether above or under, the sum of Ten Pounds. We have since noticed with much satisfaction, that this most important subject has been consi- dered in other of its bearings by two of our Contemporaries ; and we earnestly i trust that the result may ultimately be

beneficial to numerous unhappy beings, I who, unless the a-iproaching evil be averted fioiu them, must.be irremediably

ruined.

Imprisonment for debt, unless as a punishment for dishonesty, is so contrary to e\ery principle of common sense as well as humanity, that wc can scarcely suppress our indignation that it has been so long permitted in a Colony, the rulers of which proclaim ' aloud their supeiior pretensions to be thought religious, whilst in other places, where plain common-place sanctity is thought a sufficient profession, it is not tolerated to any thing likeanequil extent. If a man be proved dfservi» 3 of punishment, by pioper evidence adduced betbie a proper tribunal, we hy no means seek to interleie by way of preventing it, -but here, alas ! the punishment is in- flicted in the fiist insUnce, the enquiry

follows afterwards-and what is there suit ? distress and misery among nu- merous families, who have on every ac-

count deserved far otherwise. We have the evidence of a very intelligent writer for saying that, imprisonment for debt is a part of the old and odious policy of the governments of Europe, lint which has fortunately been abolished iii the United S tu tes ot A menea.-The writer continues

-" ¡VI y attention has been called to this subject bv seeing a statement some time since published, relative to Wliiteeross sireet prison. It appears, that trom the 1st to the 17th of August, in one year, there were ninety-three persons confined in th_t abominable place, the total amount of whose debts did not exceed £168, giving an average debt of 36s. only to

each pet son so confined. Besides thesel there were seventy other persons in that' prison, the average of whose debts was under 40i.-It will be said that a poor man or a labourer, ha» no right to con- tract a debt, even of ten bhilHngs, which he cannot pay. All ibis is true enough so far as'the, morality of the question ia concerned ; but in practice it is pretty clear that they exercise the ri¿ht,and that

their creditors exercise the privilege of sending them to gaol. Let it be seen then, how the thing works. John Smith owes a butcher or baker 30s. ; payment is de- manded ;* he has not the means to meet it ; he promises and breaks his promise, and at length finds himself in the interior of the palace of Whitecross street. The butcher gains nothing by sending SMITH to prison. Once »n gaol, not one man in a thousand ever dreams of paying. Im- prisonment lie thinks should cancel the debt. As Mr. Justice Snooks says-" he has paid the debt in pet son."

This is not however the worst part of the case. Smith in gaol can do no work, and can earn no wages. lu the mean time his wife and family, perhaps four or five poor starving children, are sent to the wotkhouse, and are fed at the expense of the parish, while the husband is idling in gaol, merely to gratify the Christian feelings of the butcher.

This can be considered no other than a

grievous evil, and a demoralizing system, that cannot be too soon done away with. By imprisoning these 163 poor persons in Whitecross-street, no fewer, perhaps, than

650 women and children are rendel ed to-

tally destitute and thrown upon their pa- rishes. Had there been no imprisonment for debt, the butcher's case would not have been worse. He was not obliged to trust Smith. He is not compelled to give credit to any one ; and if he had not given credit, Smith would not have run in debt ; would perhaps have lived more frugally, and existed without the assis- tance of the butcher, until he had it in his power to purchase his beef and mutton willi his money in hand."

We do not remember to hare seen the subject placed before the reader in a plainer, or mote intelligible manner than this ; and we have made the extract there- fore, under the hope that it may co-ope- rate with that which has been said by our- selves and others towards forcing con- viction, as to the crying necessity of re moving, by some Legis.alive enactment, the unrestrained power HOW held by cre- ditors over the poisons of their unfortu-

nate debtors.

The following very apposite remarks upon the subject of Emigration, are taken from a recent number ot the Athenaeum. Every vessel that now arrives from Eng- land, affords ample testimony that the ob- servations thus offered,are strictly founded in truth ; and it is not a little remarkable, that the stream of Emigration should have taken the turn it has, at the« very time when it was prophetically foretold by many, that the alteiation of sale, for grant, of Crown Lands, would be the means of entirely deterring future adventurers from visiting our shores. We have not how- ever this instance alone, by way of proving

the incorrect views that are sometimes

taken by pseudo political economists,who

will not be at the trouble to look at sub-

jects, in any other point'of view than that which presents itself in the fii st instance :

" AH writers seem agreed that emigration on a large scale would be beneficial to Britain. Our island is at present too productive in three important things : our machinery produces more goods than we can find s market for-our authors produce more bpoks than readers seem willing to purchase-and our ladies produce more sons and daughters than the country can maintain. For each of these sore evils, remedies have been proposed, but nothing satistactory has yet been settled. As our business is at pre- sent with the latter evil-the surplus popula- tion-we shall confine our inquiry to that alone ; and that of itself has perplexed many clear considerate heads. When bees grow too nume- rous for their hive to hold, the youthful portion of the community swarm off to a new hive, either near or distant : in like manner that prudent people, the Scotch, pour their swarms of young men to the east, west and south : the Irish follow their example ; while the English alone resolved to adhere in beggary to the soil on whicii they were produced, and endure all evils rather than forsake their native fields. Education, however, has begun to open the eyes of the lower orders of England : they are making themselves acquainted with tbe mani- fold resources of other lands ; and for the last two or three years workmen and laboureis of all classes have, in vast numbers, emigrated to our possessions in the Canadas, or to New Hol- land. In the present distressed condition of the ppople, it is the duty of the government to encourage emigration to our Colonies: they must, however, take ore not to encourage away the rich only and the able bodied.

" When government published this little official tract, we laid out our twopence willingly upon it, and proceeded to read it with atten-

tion. ' It seems desirable,' says his Majesty's' Commissioners for Emigration, ' to define the l nature of the assistance to be expected from government by persons proceeding to these Colonies.' As this was the very information we wanted, we Tead on, and were not a little surprised to find the ' assistance' set forth in the following manner : ' ¿to pecuniary aid will be allowed by government to emigrants to the North American Colonies ; nor after their arri- val will they receive grants of land or gifts of tools, or a supply of provisions. Hopes of all these tilings have been sometimes held out to emigrants, by speculators in this country desi- rous of making a profit by their conveyance to North America, and willing for that purpose to delude them with unfounded expectations.' Now, any one who reads these words would, in the first place, imagine that government, when they talked of assistance, really desired to do something : and in the next place, that they had determined to do nothing. This, how I ever, is not the case : ' Although government,' observes these benevolent Commissioners, ' will not make any gifts at the public expense to emigrants to North America, agents will be maintained at the principal Colonial ports, whose duty it will be, without fee or reward, to pro- tect emigrants-to acquaint them with the demand for labour in different districts-to point out the mott advantageous routes, and furnish them generally with useful advice.' Such are the regulations laid down by Our'government : a line of Colonial finger-posts it established to t intimate-to the bewildered emigrant, that there

F {Is fine (fishing on Lake Ontario: prime wild

turkies in the wilderness of Erie; capital fresh

[' air on the Huron, and wood, and water every

where.; The blundering blindness of all this, i& ' quite visible.- Our country is not suffering from t tbe'presence of the rich, and yet, who but a , Comparatively opulent person is able, without r assistance, to emigrate.} The land groans under

the pressure of a mendicant population, jet it ' is quite evident, from what we have quoted, 1 that the government baa no intention to relieve I us from the crushing load. Tbey tell the poor . and the needy, the man half elad, half fed, and , nigh half distracted, that the sea is open to

convey bim upon, . to the Canadas, and that ! Messrs. Smith, Payne & Smith, will receive

from him a deposit of £20, not less, and give F him a cheque for the same on the Bank at Mon-

treal. Why, how, in the name of heaven, can [ they suppose, that a fellow creature whose wages

for the last two years have not, averaged eight shillings a week, has gathered such a sum to ' getber, or that a person who could save so much f in Old England, would leave it in quest of bet ! ter fortune ? We should almost imagine from

this, that the government is about to adopt the sarcastic advice of^some of their ill-wishers, and encourage the rich and the fortunate to emigrate, and leave the mother country as a portion to the poor and the destitute."

Some little time ago, we met with a few curious, as well as entertaining statistics with respect to the Island of Jersey ; and more especially, its agriculture. We now : publish them, as some of our farmers may

thus learn what is to be done by mnnage i ment, and more especially the gi eat ad-

vantage of small farms for all the pur- poses of real cultivation, over the exten- sive tracts upou which some take delight in losing both their time and money. The part too, that relates to the Government, the Legislature, and the election of Ma- gistrates, well deserves attention.

" Of nineteen hundred and forty-seven oc cupiers of land in Jersey, there are only four hundred and forty-eight who employ labour- ers to assist them in cultivating their farms. The proportion of hired labourers in agricul- ture to those who cultivate the land for them- selves, is as seven hundred and forty, to four- teen hundred and ninety-nine There are few farms in the island exceeding dwenty-ti ve English acres, and yet we hear of no com- plaint there of poor rate, or, indeed, of any of those evils which have arisen in England from the mal-ad ministration of the poor laws, and the destruction of the small farmers. The

population of the island is thirty-six thousand six hundred, and the quantity of land does not exceed forty thousand acres, being little more than one acre to an individual. The total number of hired labourers employed in agriculture, manufactures, merchandise, and trade, is less than eighteen hundred, or one twentieth of the population. The domestic servants are somewhat less than fifteen hun- dred, so that the number of persons who labour in servitude of all descriptions*is about one-eleventh of the population.

The land is in a far higher state of cultiva- tion than the large farms of England ; as a proof of which it may be stated that the pro- duce of an English acre of wheat is seldom less than forty bushels,^ and of potatoes 25,0001bs. A part of every farm is applied to the cultivation of apple trees, and 30,000 hogs- heads of cyder have sometimes been made in a year from the produce of the island." *

" The " States" are composed of the clergy one from each of the twelve parishes ; twelve jurats or magistrates, chosen for life by the people ; and twelve constables, also elected by the people triennially. These, with the Dean, the Lieutenant Governor, the B.tilitf', and the Law Officers of the Crown, form what are called the States, in whom'the power is vested of enacting and passing acts for the benefit and management of the local affairs cf the Island. These acts are not ia force for more than three years, unless confirmed by his Ma- jesty in Council, but no law made by the English Legislature for the island can ne en- forced unless registered in,the island court.

Every inhabitant from the age of 17 to 65 hears arms, either as^ officer or private, and all boys from the age of i3 to 17 are exercised weekly during the summer months- This juvenile corps commonly amounts to 800. The Militia comprises six regiments and bat- talions of infantry, besides a regiment of ar- tillery, consisting of 24 pieces of cannon, and a troop of cavalry."

" We have thus, within about 200 miles of the metropolis, a population of 36,000 souls, a soil not exceeding 40,000 acres (little more than an acre to an individual), governed al- most entirely by a legislature, two thirds oí* the members of which are chosen by the people i the magistrates also popularly elected, and every male inhabitant trained to the use of arms. ' Of these 36,000 persons not more than one-eleventh are found in a state of ser- vitude of any kind ! Nearly¡ 2,000 land occu- piers, and only 740 labourers employed by them all ; 1,409 farmers cultivating their own land, or land rented from others (chiefly the former,) by themselves and their fami-

lies 1"

" Does the division of land into small oc- cupancies, then, necessarily lead to bad culti-

vation, and to the poverty of its cultivators ? ! Do the people abuse their power of electing their own magistrates and legislators ! Do they turn their arms against the Government by which they are protected ? Or docs a free trade with all countries depreciate the value of the .properties of land owners ? 'By no means. The land yields' a 'higher price fas rent, or when sold) than land does in England, be- cause it is better cultivated and more in de- mand. The people are more independent and prosperous. The population is continually increasing, but so also is the trade, shipping,

and wealth of the inhabitants. Pauperism j among the natives is very rare, and in the country parishes, it is seldom that the doors are barred or bolted by night or day. The merchants trade to all parts of the world in their own vessels, and have establishments in Newfoundland, South 'America, the United States, and we believe on the coast of Africa. They own nineteen thousand tons of ship, ping, which furnishes employment to twelve hundred men. A few years since we were told that the investments of the islands in the French and English funds exceeded two mil- lions sterling. It is not difficult to discover the cause of this. It is to he found in the industry of the inhabitants, their freedom, the absence of the tax gatherer-but most of all in the. attachment of the people to their own soil,' and the cultivation of it for the support of themselves and their families.-Hamburgh Reporter._(

It requires very little ot the spirit, of' prophecy to foretel that ia the coot se of a few yean, certainly not longer than the

commencement orthe first maritime war , in which England-may be engaged,, the conduct adopted by the Mother Country

towards her Colonies, must end in many ' of them being separated al tog ther from the Crown of Biitain. Almost every

Loudon paper that contains articles of , Colonial intelligence, abounds with mate- rials for forming an opinion of the de-

scription- we thus offer. We baye "re- ^ peatedly made extracts of this sort our» - selves, and now add to the list, by copying the following from the United Kingdom of the end of October ;

" The Colony of Demerara is in a deplorable

condition-almost in a state of rebellion. It .

appears that the local assessors, elected by , - the inhabitants, and who perform in. certain cases the duty of Judges, have refused to .act with those nominated by the Crown. Some cases had been brought before them, and de- cided upon, but the Crown officers refused to abide by their decisions, or carry them into effect. The consequence was, that these as- sessors declined to act any longer. They were summoned, but refused to attend. For this non-attendance they* were heavily fined, but these fines they refused to pay. In order to levy these fines, the Grown judges have, in a sense, confiscated their estates, and advertised them for sale. Such was the state of things by'the latest accounts. The greatest excite- ment and angry feeling prevailed. The Crown officers and the inhabitants are almost at daggers drawn, and the consequences, we fear, will be frightful."

People in England are beginning to find out that the expected grand panacea for all their ills the Reform Bill, par- takes a good deal of the nature of & Quuck Medicine ; serving rather-to, bring a few individuals into a certain celebrity, than to render any real benefit to the health of the body politic. W e find the following upon the subject, in a late English paper :

> " It is very' generally believed that Parua,

ment will re-assemble about the beginning of . November, and the reason assigned is that which we have more than once called attention to. It is admitted on all hands that the Reform Bill is defective. The Morning Chro* nicle says it is already unpopular, and that the practical effect of it has been to disfranchise rather than enfranchise the people. We are quite of this opinion. We do not deny that it confers the right of voting on pemotis who

never possessed that right previously,' and also , extends the right to many impoitant plaetr , where it did not previously exist ; but still the machinery of the Bill is so complicated, and BO ill-understood, and withal so troublesome, that the great mass of persons, otherwise eli- gible lo vote, are disqualified merely on a point of form. It is admitted by the best friends of tlie Bill, that it has, as yet, worked rather against than/w the people, and thal should a new election take place, in the piesent state of the registration, the next parliament would be more aristocratic and ultra-tory than the one upon which a sentence of condemnation has been passed. For these reasons many persons think that Lord Althoip will be com- pelled to re-assenible thepieseut parliament. We are sorry to be obliged to confess that the Seople are beginning to be dissatisfied with the

ill : and we have no doubt but that, when its effects are better known, this dissatisfac- tion will increase. The pedpie ot property m the city are already expressing their apprehen- sions as to the result of the election ; not as to who shall be returned, hut as to the manner in which they are likely to be conducted. It is feared that disappointment will lead to rio- ting, the destruction ot property, and probably the loss of life. We cannot deny but that there are grounds for these fears, particularly when we take into consideration the feverish state of the public mind, the hope? that were raised only to be disappointed, and the expec- tations that were formed ; but which it is now clear cannot be realized, unless the Bill be ' corrected and amended.' There mu st, there- fore, be a SECOND EDITION.".

The following is a copy of the answer given by His Excellency the Lieutenant-Go- vernor, to the Gentlemen who lately waited upon him, soliciting his aid towards establish- ing a Collegiate Institution in the Colony. The view thus taken by His Excellency is undoubt- edly the correct one; for we have the example   of the Sister Colony before us by way of cau- tion, not to commence institutions of this sort, except upon a well matured plan. The Aus- tralian College has unfortunately proved hi- therto, more of an apple of discord between the Rev. Dr. Lang and others, than of any real service to the Colony.

"Gentlemen, - I receive your Address with much satisfaction; and it is highly gratifying   to me to observe, that the education of the youth of the Colony has attracted so generally the attention of the Community.

That an Institution should be formed on a liberal basis, is most desirable; and I cannot     hesitate to assure you, that I would give such an Establishment individually, my most cordial support, and that I would readily recommend   to the Legislative Council, the appropriation   of such funds as may be requisite.

It is necessary, however, before any pledge   is given, that the plan on which it is proposed to found the Institution be clearly defined, in order that no misapprehension may hereafter arise, as to the principles under which it may have originated."

(Signed) GEORGE AUTHUR." 1st March, 1833.

"A new chuich is forthwith' to be"""" commenced on the New Town side of the town, and the Rev. Air. Bedford junior is shortly expected to arrive from England, we presume to preach'in it. "Strange coiner

dence " says the Tasmanian, " that after all , that has been said and written in regard to á new church for the last four years, the ex .

Sected immediate arrival of the Rev. Air.

ledford, junior, and the intention forthwith to commence this second church, should bo made known to the public in one and the' same week-and yet so it is."

Some fino hay stacks belonging to Mr.

Youl of Clarence Plains, were discovered to ' - be on fire on the night of Saturday se'night, * and although every possible assistance was ren- dered, they were shortly destroyed. A woman who lives in the neighbourhood was appre- hended on suspicion, but no evidence to 'cri*

mínate her having been adduced, she was at - once discharged. , 3' .

Yesterday^ the fine horse " Porter," belonging to Air. Gatehouse, met with a very

serious accident in Liverpool street, having ??? broken hit near hind leg by kicking violently against the shafts of a dray in which he' was

namessed." It was presently afterwards set,( and the horse suspended in a sling : and we understand that hopes 'are entertained of his

n We rftgret to «tate, that Dr. Roberton,

of the Macquarie District, mel his death lately by attempting to ford the Derwent, near the junction of" the Clyde with that River. > His loss ia much regretted, as he was an amiable 1 man, and possessed considerable medical pre-

tensions. ... .. ~ ,

We are sorry to say that the oil fishery bids fair to be abandoned this season, on ac «ount of the high wages demanded bv the men. It is to he hoped however that they will yet be wise in time, so as lo preserve to the »ort that valuable article of export.

Wo beg to draw particular attention to a notice which appears in our front page from the Chief Police Magistrate, upon the subject of Dog Licenses. The public will do well not to neglect the caution thus'ci ven them.

There is to be a confirmation of all young persons above the age of 14, who may "be disposed to avail themselves of this rite of til? Established Church, on Sunday, the 7th of April next. -

The Officers' Cup which is to be run for at the ensuing New Town Races, is one of the handsomest things of the sort ever seen in thi« Colony. ' N

The Henry Porcher has not arrived, as mentioned in the Cofonist of Friday. It was the ¡niluan from Liverpool, that came in on

that day.

We find by letter received tim morn- ing from Launceston, that the brig Chili had just arrived there from England, with passen- gers and merchandize. > ^ .

A vessel was signalized in the river, just as we were going to press.

The following is a list of the horses en- tered at the ensuing New Town Races : -

First Day-Monday, March l8.

Trial Stakes of S Sors, each, for two «ran old, willi

4o tova, added. Coila, Sit. Filliea, 7st. 121b.

Mile heals.

|f j Beanraia'a b. f. Theresa, by Buffalo. Whit« and

Mur.

Mr. Gregson'» b. f. Cripple, by BolTalo. Bhok

Mr. Kemp'» cb. o. Corsair, by Buffalo. Green aud

»hite

Di. Landale'» g. f. Poll Jones, by Tom Jones. Bine

ami «bite

Mr. Lamhe'sb. o. Challenger, bj Buffalo. Tri-coloor,

black cap

Mr A in i ¡n'a bl. c. Fair P!av, by Buffalo. Blue.

Mr Wkey's b. f. Maid of lue Mill, by Buffalo.

l^ed and bl »ok

Mr. Loma* g. f. The Trio, by Ben Hastaio. Tri-

colour.

Tit» Town Dale, of 100 «ova. for all aces. Heats.

twioe roond. Three yean old, 8st. 211). Four renn old, 8il. 121b. Five «ears old, Ost. 21b. St- and aged,9»t. 81b. One sor. entrance

Mr. Reamont's g. f. Diana, by Buffalo, four yean old.

Wliilo

Mr. Beauvais'g cb. o. Frldener, by Buffalo,'three

yean old. White and blue

Mr. Woodward's b. h. Tasman, by Bolivar, four

yeíirs old. Scarlet and black

Mr. Kearney')) g o. Donald Caird, by Bolivar, three

«eura old. Tartan

Mr. Bainton'« cb. o. Liberty, by Buffalo, (baryear«

old. "Piok

Mr. Kemp's b. b. Lucifer, by Peter Fin, four yean

old. Gre»n and while

£r. 'iandale'* b. g. Fearnought, by Buffalo, three

reara old-. Blue and white

Mr. Soott'a b. h. Brutu«, by Peter Fin, fi»e reara old Mr. Hardwick'» b. h. Saladdin, by Peter Fin, four

rear» old. Green and black

Mr. Gregsan's «. b. Tippoo Saib, by Alladin, fire

rears old. Black '

air. Btrton's g. li. Whalebone, by Peter Fin, four

yean o'd. Pink

Mr. Gibson's cb. b. Dainty Davy, by Buffalo, four

years old. Green

Mr. G. C. Clark'a b. b. Lord Brougham, five yean

old. Vandyke

Mr. Evan's oh m. Moorland Meg, by Bolivar, (brea

years old. Green

Sac.nd Say-Tuesday, March 19.

Derwent St. Leger Stakes, of 3 aovs. eaoh, forthr'ee

years old, with 40 aova, added. Heats, once round. Colts, 8st. Otb. Fillies,8st. 31b

Mr. Beauvais'» cb. e. Fyldener, by Buffalo. White

and blue

Mr. Gregson'» b. c. Abjer. Blue and black cap Mr. J. Lord's cb. g. War Not, by Buffalo

Mr. Kearney's g. o. Donald Caird, by Bolivar.

Tartan

Mr. Baynton'» b. e. Spaniel, by Peter Pin. Pink Dr. Landale'» b.jr. Fearnought, by Buffalo. Green

Mr. Gihson's ob. f. Bessv Bell, by Buffalo. Green Mr. Gregson's bl. o. Blacklock, by Casterton. Black,

and «bite cap

The Publican*' Purse, of 50 sors, for fonr yean old,

and upwards. Two mile heats. One sorereign Entrance. Four yean old, Ost. 2lb. Five years old, lOst. 21b. Six and aged. lOst. 81b

Mr. Atkinson's b. f. Maggie Lander, fonr years old.

Orange and purple

MT. Kermodes b. g, Young Peter, by Peter Fin, four

rears old. Black

Kr. Kearney's g. m. Madge Wildfire, by Bolivar,

four years old. Tartan

Mr. G. C-Clarke's b. b. Lord Brougham, five years

old. Vandyke

Mr. Gregson'» b. b. Bltoklook, by Camerton, four

rears old. Black

Mr. Baynton'» g. h. Whalebone, by Peter Fin, (onr

years old. Pink

Wr. Kemp's b. h. Lucifer, by Peter Fin, four years

old. Green and white

Mr. Edington's ob. m. Meg Merriles, by Boltrar,

fire yean old. Blue, and black cap

Mr. J. W. Murdoch's oh. o. Capsicum, by Steeltrap,

fonr year» old. Harlequin.

Mr. Marsden'a br. b. Wildboy, fire yean old. Green

and yellow

Mr. Woodward's b. b. Tasman, four yean old.

Scarlet and black

Third Day-Wedae-day, March _.<>.

Ben Hassaîn Produce Stakes, of fire gs., with 50 gs.

added by C. Swanston, Esq., M. C. For two } ears old. Feather weight. One mile beata

Mr. Betbune'a g. f. Zillah. Orange and bloe

Mr. M. Laacli!an'a g. f. Bliss Hassain. Bia« and

orange

Mr, Kearney's g. f. Lady Hassain. Black

Mr. James Murdoch's g. f. Blue Bell. Blue and

white

Mr. Lowe'» p. f. The Trio. Tri-colour

Mr. G. C. Clarke'a g. o. Vandyke. Vandyke

A 8ilrer Cop, of the value of 50 aova, giren by tie

Officer» of H. M. 63d Regiment, for Horses bre- nt the Colony. Heals once round, and a distance. Gentlemen riders, one aov. entrance. Two year» ojd, 8»t. 21b. Three yean old, 9*1. "41b. Fonr yean old, lOst. Five yean old, list. 41b. Six and aged, 12st.

fir. Woodward's b. 'ft. Tasman, by Bolivar, four

yean old. Scarlet and black I Mr. Gregson'» b. b. Saladdin, by Pater fin, five

yesn old. Black

?fr. Soot's b. h. Brat«, by Pater Fin, -releanold.

Green

Mr. Gregson's b( p. "bjtr, by Abjer, three yean «Id.

Aattntaa strip««

ty

Mr» ¿carney'lb. a« Donald Caird, by fiotltár, »rae

years old. Tartan. ' _

Mr. Baynton'a ob. o. Libert;, by Buffalo, four year« | old. Pink.

i Mr. J. W. Mardooh'a bl. g. The Cardinal, bj Buffalo

three yean old. Harlequin , . '

\ Mr. Bajnton'a b. C. Spaniel, by Peter Fin, three

l years old. Pink

Mr. Lord's g. m. Madge Wildfire, by Bolitar, four ' years old. Green

Mr, Kemp's b. b. Lucifer, by Peter Fin, four years

old. Purple, and black cap

Dr. Landale'« h. g. Fearnought, by Buffalo, three

5 ears old. Blue and «bite

Mr. Baynton'« it. h. Whalebone, by Paler Fin, four

year« old. Piuk

Mr. Edington'« oh. m. Mee; Mernie», by Bulivar,

five yeitrg old. Blue and black cap.

Mr. G. C. Clarke'« b. b. Lord Brougham, five year«

old. Vandyke

Sweepstakes of 3 SOYS, each, foi the bealen Horses

that run at the present Meetiiift,<*ilh 2!> SOTS, added. Post entry. Heat« once round. WeiehU, the lame ns the Publicans' Purse. Marok and G.ldings allowed 3 b. ia Ibe above weight«

Tuesdity last, the Launceston Races commenced, and continued for three days with very considerable Spirit. We have not room for entering into full particulars, but the following tesult of the respective heats, oaimotbeotheiwise than interesting to many of our readers at the present mo-

ment : -

First Day.

MATCH-100 Sovs.-Two mile heats.

Mr. Hardwicke's b. c. Saladin . 1 1 Mr. White's Haphazard . 2 2 The TRIAL STAKES of 2 year olds, mile heats.

Mr. White's b. f. Shamrock . .311 Mr. Rose's g. f. Cottager . .12 2 Mr. Jordon's g. f. Poll Jones . 2 3 dr.

Mr. Beauvais b. f. Theresa . Drawn.

TOWN PEATES, for all aces, 3 Sovs. each, with 30 Sovs. added from the Hace Fund.-Two mile heats.

Mr. Gibson's ch. o. Dainty Daivy . , 11 Mr. Davy's b. c. Hamiltonian . 2 4 Mr. Scott's b. c. Young Peter . 3 2 Mr. Beauvais b. c. Mazeppa . 4 3 I Dr. Landale's ch. c. Bucephalus . bolted.

MATCH-20 Sovs.-One mile

Mr. Waddle's g. c. Sleepy Davie . 1 Mr. Janett's g. f. Miss Yabbitie . 2

MATCH-20 Sovs.-One mile heats.

Mr. Smart's Tom Thumb . . 2 11 Mr. M'Leod's Lightfoot .' . 1 2 dr.

Second Day-Wednesday.

THURK YEAR OLD STAKES of 3 Sovs. each, with 30 added from the Race Fund, 'two mile heats.

Mr. Beauvais ch. c Fyldena . , dr.

Mr. Beauvais b. c- Mazeppa. . dr. \ Mr. Jordan's b. g. Fearnought , 1 , Mr Herbert's r. f. Gipsey Lass . t

HACK SWEEPSTAKES of 5 Sovs. each-Gen- tlemen Riders-One mile heats-won by R. Dry.

-THE PUBLICANS' PURSE, for Galloways, .under 14 hands-catch weights-mile heats. Mr. Waddle's blk. f. Miss Platoff . /'li Mr. Rose's g f. Cottager . . ''$ 2 Mr. Gibson's ch. f. Aberdeen . . ~*3 3 -- Porter's g. f. Creeping Jenny . 4 bid

The horses for the above Purse being 'above

the height-not entitled. Thursday-Third Day.

MATCH-50 Sovs.-Two mile heats.

Mr. Hardwicke's b. c. Saladin . ,11

Mr. Gibson's Dainty Davey . . S 2

VAN DIEMEN'S LAND ESTABLISHMENT'S PURSE of £50, for 2 year olds-the produce of its horses. Weights same as TRIAL STAKES.

Mile heats.

Mr. Rose's b. f. Matilda . . Ill

Mr. Beauvais b. f. Theresa . , S 4 dr. Mr. R. White's b. f. Shamrock . 1 t 3 Mr. Hodges't b. -f. Judy . % 3 .

MATCH 20 Sovs.-Mile heats.

Mr. Campbell's Dandy . .11 Mr. Bransgrove't Donald , .-22

PUBLICANS' PURSE, 30 Sovt.-1 Soy. entrance

_ added.-Two mile heats.

Mr Beauvais' b. c. Mazeppa ..432 Mr. Beauvais' ch. c.Fyldena drawn.

Mr. Gibson's ch. c. Dainty Davey . 3 4 dr. Mr. Jordan's b. f. Fearnought . threw rider. Mr. Davy's b. c- ^Hamiltonian .-.56 dr. Mr. Hardwicke's g. f. ..113 Mr. Herbert's r. f. Gipsey Last ..211 Mr Waddle's br. g. Barefoot, ..123

-' MATCH 5 Sovt.-Two Mile Heats. Mr. Evans'Dick . . . . %

Mr. Kelsoe's bay gelding . . 1 <

TIMOR PONT RACK 5 'Sovs.--entrance 10s.

Catch weights.-Mile beats.

Mr. Evad's Mille* ... 1 1

Mr. Dodery's Jack . . . bolted. Mr. Headlam's Bob .. . . 2 3

SWEEPSTAKES 5 Sovt.--Two Mile Heats. Mr. Waddle's Bagatelle . . 1 Mr. Dodery's Chester . . 2 Mr. Ives'Billy ... 3 Mr. Porter's Jenny . , . , 4*

Mr. Cassidy's Tom . '. . distanced. Air. Wilson's Tom ... do.

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