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  • peter-macinnis 11 Nov 2010 at 15:41
    An early version of "as poor as a bandicoot".

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SEPTEMBER 14, 1831.

Let it be Impressed, upon your minds, let it he in.

stilled into your children, that the Libert? of the I Pre»« Is the Palladium of all jour Civil, Political,

and Religious Rights. JUMB*.

j--The lait Courier ¡9 the organ of no leas than 40 queries, or enquiries, on the patt of whatf waa generally considered the defunct Pauper Committee, but which it appears, still exists under a new title, that of the Immigration Com | mutee ; all these queries bear towards

acquiring information upon several points, supposed by the querists to be inti- mately connected with the agricultural condition of the Colony. We copy tlie-T*, I sllhouafe we very much doubt, whtther in htsmmtl place, /they will be th« turana of Ù eliciting any facts upon which assump-' C tions that are to be depended upon, may

be grounded ; and secondly, whether even if it were' otherwise, these assumptions would in the,slightest degree, tend to solve the simple problem with respect to pattpi r . »gration, which it was the leading ob joct of the Committee to investigate.

Our reasons for this opinion are severa:!/',

in tiieKÀrst iplace, we consider that the circumstances of the Colony, are such as to render any average calculations, nothing but delusion; in fact, absolutely i m pos* .idle. We will take the ii rat question, .« What:*¡the average expense, in your district, of clearing and fencing a paddock uf 40 ker«»'1?'* 'Now it must at once Occur (<» any pnejwho has the slightest know

ledo-e of the subject, that this must so en

tiruiy depend upon a variety of circum ! etatices,. that we will venture to say, if it

were submittedto a hundred different land

occupier», jn any one district, no two an-

swers would be the same ; one man may I make his calculations upon one sort of

Kapil* situation, or fencing ; another upon

another^ This man's land may be heavily timbered%tba^^ may* *carcelyjiav^;a; tree tarwin^the whole forty acres; again,

I one spttler'may form Iii» estimates upon'

free laWur^^We his neigitbpur bejng one fof the select, to whom the blessings of the

I loajrga'iig':^^

II he ; proportion, too, that he is utterly ig-

norant what Tree labour means, may have groHndcoVW«ílu,«>ry Molly UP0'? the prin

Iciples wiïhV; Which "Ire-is best acquainkd. JW« %blisidëir: i«, therefore, quit« iïupos iwbíe litany good can result from en:

|rtinea,>^aHtúde ¿ii replying to $iich,

I* ao^twyíípp6"- There, is, besides, | io4hfeí¿p<Sidira8ñt in Mhe way fof-^ i luirme ttóé! 'iriformátiph sought, arising

^iieí^ittlíoutlof ten,: where; there-are; éo^ |I |sur^Öui^?^#i #°n^ . ! $£]$$'

^iiei'lo'ite toiaineglect with respect to

?JHB-V -*»'??'Y - t'7'"i.<-,Mvi''"'" ' '?',". , ". , ? '.-, ?'

?M%nsef »nd^, return*, which is; common

:-||tt: nearly^ fa^^uí *agrículf\írists¿' . Ü,. ífl^fore^a»¿we;^rw>--" 49 questions

should «ver be given at all, (mid which we doubt,) they will be «o entuely imaginary in all essentials, as to be unworthy of at- tention ; still more so, of being adopted as, or foundation for, replying to the im- portant question that was before the Com- mittee. Th« same'.objection, and indeed tile sane causes, and many others might be raised against ' till the other 'questions. Not one of them can be answeied in a manner that will do the least good.

We may here remark, that we considei the putting; forth these questions, as a con- firmation of what had previously reached us, with respect to the Committee, vi/., that they were thoioughly incompetent to tlie task assigned them, and that, with one or two exceptions, they had tai betlei have been attending to their regular busi- ness. A taste fpr mystification, under the shape of political economy, seems to have succeeded in so enveloping in intricacy, a plain and simple question, as to have left it nothing of its former self. The broad ground to have been 'taken was/1 whether the prices atwhich labour isa! way s in demand here, afford a fair ciiterion for the'assumption that the redundancy of this artiole, with which the Mother Country is burlhened, might be profitably transplanted hither. It should be England's business to send it hore, our's, to employ it when arrived, and we submit, thcrefoie, that a better data for the English Government to have proceeded upon, would have been afforded by sending it an authentic return of the prices paid throughout the Colony for labour ; specifying its sort or nature, and which might have been more easily fur- nished, than by perplexing the Colonists with a variety of enquiries, such as tho following, to which we have added a copy of a letter, including the answeis of a highly respectable Settler living on the other side of the Island, which has by mere chance pasted through our hands: -

To the Editor of the Colonial Times.

DRAU SIR,-I mippose you know that the «even wise men have sent IM 49 questions to answer, or 7 a-piece It appears to me that these gentlemen, whoever they aie, have no- thing to do but to ptuzlc and bewilder poor plain farmers and granen. The moment I íeceived the letter, I sat mc down in the old elbow chair. 1 read over the poséis again and again. " It is not possible," said I, " this is some hpaxattfinp(ed to be played ,upon mc", I went over'the river to our wise nian ; he had one of the letters too. L asked lum what'we uhotild do Î " Do," he replied testily, '*ilo you think I am mad? enough to bewilder myseli in ploughing time, to answer such a ' mixty-maUy, queer hodge-podge ?' I shall send mine to my nephew in town, as he has moie time to put m an answer than I have. If he does ,not give them Rolands for their Olivers I wonder at it. If mystification is the word, it will go hard ; but he will puzzle them." Having no limb of the lawto answer the interrogatories for me, I was i obliged to turn to myself ; and as ve are to hate no more additional land giren to us, I tars not what the Government folia ftnoie about our improvement* .

Questions. Answers

1. The average ex- 1. I lune no pad pease in your district dock of forty acres. of clearing and fen- The one I have is partly cingapaddock'offorty bm«h, paitly do¿-leg scies? being next tiic river, , ' aud partly log. We

, , 'i ; threw it iip Jietween '

, , ,t timed, and if we had { r ,, , not done that, we >

1 ' should Kave been j

1 snoonng or smoking j

"i, our pipes. I i 3. The average ex- 2. Aly last crop oft", Eense of ploughing, my forty acre paddock j

arrowing, cropping down by the niaish, , and reaping a wheat, was selj sown, and I oat, or barley paddock, got Government hands containing forty acres? to reap it.

3. The average ex- 3. I could not house pense of housing the the crop, and stack it crop, stacking, thrash- too, the one is an ope Ing, cleaning, and' ration in-tloors, the

taking it to market ? other out The thrash- j , ' ing done by my own , mun, the cleaning was

, a, hard job, as it was '

(1 nearly nil jSinut, so I ? ' -' ^ had to wash it, dry it, ' " and shake lime over it,

-K"r - *.- '- .a' to taking it tajnat^.

i . het, I thank ye gentle

, t men for that, I owe , ^ ?. V you one.

41 Tin average re-! 4. All Bill F-eld's turn per acre of wheat, cattle were to and fro oau;or burlayÍ , , inallourinclosedland, J J as well as the old hoar, ' i the sow and the litter,

so that we cannot " . - * ' ? speak positive as to the * \ < '.lA.v average crop; but we

' ,, got, smut and all,

' >¿ -, i i «. / about 7¡ bushels the

5.' The' lowest price 5. Some say one at which'they may se- thing, some say ano verally be raised .with tfier, but I defy the advantage to the far- devil himself to tell, mejrï , , r 1

'6. Their *a\ crace 6. They allow' us weight and quality ? about Golbs.' for a ) . - bushel, and when the

- wheat is *iot smutty,

and that it is a good , , . 'colour, and thin skin j ' " 4( ned, the miller's say,

' " ' ' ' . it may'he good,'but

,.[i »JJ t they doubt it <

7. The averagelpls , 7. Sometimes it is from Bmut¿,tbljjgnt» or all smut, sometimes it < 'ofHer casualties ?v J is, all swept""away by

' ' ' ' ' thVflpods, fiohretimes ; . i' - " - '. there is no^cro^ for > wantof rain,and some-

times when we fancy

the money will hop j ' , , into dur pockets, the

? cursed sheep and cat-1

tie hop over the fences, | and we hop off to gaol. 8."Whether better 8. Willaduckswim, cultivation would in- and a stone float ?

crease the returns ?

9. Whether more 9. Ensure me good plentiful labour would crops and a steady much improve the con- ..market, and then I will

dition of the farmer? answer No. 9.

, 10. The fitness of 10. The land will the laud and climate grow thumping pra of the district for rai- ties, and turnips, as sing potatoes, mangel big, and some of them wurzel, turnips, rape, as empty as some peo heinp, flax? plefeheadsthatlknow,

but it would not be manners to make . mention. Rape is a

bad business; rlav, I ' ' ' Have not attempted;

1 '* and for Ifcmp, I won't

try it, if I can help.

11> The^particulars " "li. I am not very of the outlay, peiv<tcie particular about such for,*! raisingY'each of matter*., v thc^e crops? s .' * '"'

12. The return per '12. The praties are acre? , . " '"capital. They feed the

i'1 ii(i family, breakfast, din-

ner, and supper, with the mutton chops, < '" * sometimes boiled, i sometimes roasted,

, SÍ inetiuu's sliced and , fried, with the fat in , (,. the »an. ,

13. The number of 13 About five     horses, cattle, or sheep horses, or eight cows, which may be depas- or fifty sheep may be tured on 100 acres of fed on one hundred the pasture land of acres of the best of my   the districts already grant, one hundred located, and whether acres of Crown land at 100 acres of the pas- the back, would not ture land yet unlocated feed one bandycoot. would support as many         of each sort and if not, how many ?  

14. The average 14. The Timor po height of the horses, ^nies are from eleven to and the average weight, twelve" hands .high. of the cattle and Sam's get, about six sheep ? -? ' . i (teen; and one hoi se,

, , <_jthe papers said, some ( ( /time back,', was tirlren

"Yei'th'tglr, the hackney i i J " ' ' soit about fourteen,

$> dney, all size«. The ofjl )eomaji!said the othei day, passing by, that my old bull stag would weigh about tw (»Ive cwt.', if he was turnip fed, I betted , , . hiin a full i.pot of por . , . ter, he would weigh ' l fourteen. The weight

" * " of the sheen depends

on the breed, and the / keep.

15. The particular« 15., I observe the of the expense of their horses are ' for ever keep? " ' eating, except when

( they aie drinking; the " '" cows and sheep lie

^ down sometimes; the

sheep drink water here, although they are not . ' rotten; I do like to

' ' '? »'see 'them" drink, it is j

* " such a eheap*bellyrull. ; 16.-ThsVp«rtivulajrs.}'<'16.«I had. three of returns? '( / '. J horses takèç away,

they never returnee/. I have had Cattle away which never returned, and when -the sheep arc whip'l oil the run, they never"ir/«»vi. ,

17. The casualties 17. The fauuer may and losses to which want labourers on

the grazier is exposed, many occasions-the on account of the grazier never, scarcity of good la- ' . ,. v,

bourers ? ¡ i '< H

18. The advantages IS. That remains to of raising artificial be ascertained: \ food, stall-feeding of > ' . '

cattle, and pig feed- , , i > inS-'

19. Whether fine' 19. No. It would be woolled sheep may hd- giving twenty-fiveslul vautngeously be fed lingi for a guinea. ' upon artificial food ? '

¿0. The number and 20. I keep all my extent of rented farms, land in my ovvn hands ; The average rate of was I to" rent it, 1 rent per 100 acres, should have '* great The productiveness of try and' little wool," the cultivated land of small farirts all dirt, such farms. Thenum- The sheep question her of sheep depas- already answered tared upon 100 acres artificial pasture, how of natural pasture, many in VanDiemen's Ditto of artificial r)a3- Lana can answer the ture ? question after trial ?

21. Whether this 21. By the Powers!!! rent is given for (he such a question ¡ for interest of capital ex- seven wise men to put! J pended by the pro- ' ;" prietor in improve- '

ments, or for the na- > > ' . s tural value of the soil?

22. The particulars ' 22.* If he Mvw&well, of the cost of keeping f there" Is no saying, an assigned sei vant for Some'of the fellows ajear ? o *_:- " WWe**i*ie three-lbs. of t ' t ,i, mutton .a day. One i of my rascals drove

, , , my cart, a hew" cart, ' *' ' l ' " i »'' ' ." with six bullocks into

. ' » ¡j Hil' 'f the river. They were

u ,,, i , j .f> , nlllost., He took good , is i a,'t<care to stay, himself,

' ' dry( on the bank. He . ' - ,v"í ''' ' returned with the tale.

- >He went to bed. Ile

should have a smoke

. , «? , of the pipe. The barn , ' _ took fire." The corn

, {. . "was all burned. He \ '*"> t'^was a dear assignment.

' " ' 'Twish Old Nick had , ' i ' . '( , i i had him*. ( ¡

23. The value of his 23. It should be the labour for a year ?, ' cost of his labour for a


24. The wages of . ,24.' It all depends free labourers, * and upon what they are ; whether they are'paid they get.'a trine of in money, or by nar- < money sometimes, ge ter ? í nerally speaking, they

* ' get mutton) flour, tea, i ' ' ' ' « " " sugar, spáp; clothes," . . . ii , i - &c, 'upon which th^ [ . moderate per centage . j ' ( , , , of about 300 per cent. l . , ' is charged.

1 '25. Whether the pTOf." ' 25. No ; about 300 visions and clothes are per cent, added-for' bartered for labour at keeping the account, their money-prise ?

26 Whether the 26. Yes ; if they liad men who receive the ready money by clothes and provisions 300 per cent. in part payment of their labour could buy them cheaper at the

nearest store ?

27. The charge per 27. It all depends rod for fencing ? oír the kind. v^>

28. The annual 28. A steady jobber! gains of a steady job- What is meant by the ber? question ? <. ,^., "?>,

2£). The additional 29. As 'I cannot get^ number of convicts additional land, -I am which could be em- picking quarrels with plowed by the settler ? the most of my chaps

to drive them into the , v ' ckain-gangî

30. The additional 30. 1 have met with number of skilful in- none of the kind, dttstrious free labour- ers which could obtain employment ? -

3K Whether an a'c- 31. Yes ; if they be cession of 2000 indus- indu-,ti'tous, and be trions labourers, ar- satisfied with their living at the rate of "¿-/-«¿"without wages. loO per month would obtain employment ?s

32. How'inany con- 32. All the useless victs would in that hands of evei y sort. ca»e be thrown upon Government for sup- port ? *

33.-Whether the im- 33. Getting rid of initiation of such la- them would benefit bourers as would most' the parishes in li»ig Îirobably be sent by land materially ;, but hepamhesiiiKngland whether la/.yx good for s likely to benefit-the "nothing paupers would Colony ? )' ' benefit the (¿olony -re-

quires but littl e sense

to determine.

34. Whether the im- 34. Answered al migidtion of efficient ready.

free labourers would '

be beneficial ? * l

35. To what extent? 35. Do. repeated.

. 36. WhethertheCo- 36. Undoubtedlynot lony be able to pay in "

money any portion of '" ' the expense attendant . ' '

upon their immigra-' > .? > tion ? ./>!(!

i 37. Whether a re- 37. That remains to mittance could be be proved-not, how made in any other ever, in good bills. ¡ way ? i * ., 1 M ,n,r,

, 38. Whether it be J 38. Ask a Highlan expedient for this pur- der for a knee-buckle, pose to impose a tav

upon assigned soi- ,

\ ants ?

, 39. Whether set- 39. Will you give tiers, to raise a fund, £ 15 forthat which you could be induced to have already obtained redeem their quit- for £5? < rents ? ,

40. Whether the 40. Treasury or other wages of the innni- billa will be easily had granta would be suffi- when the public works cient to enable them are broken up. to reimburse the pa- rishes out of their own

gains ? 4

41. Whether they 41.(They come of should be indented to their own free will ; such settlers, as w «mid let ' them cool their receive them, or be heels if they like-as left free to employ Macbeth' B-aid of the themselves where their physic, "»Throw it to labour would yield the* the dogs, I'll, none of be&t price, subject only it.";* Í. ,

to annual instalments for the payment of

their passage money ? f

42. How they would 42. Not by me,'I'll be fed and clothed ? swear. . '

43. What wages 43. According to they would probably »their work. > -, ( , receive ? (

44. What wages 41. Howwould they their wives and chu- be employed, br who' dren would probably would take charge of

obtain ? ' them ?

45. What sum they 45. Nothing on be could afford to pay on half of the parishes, behalf of the parishes Indeed the paiish annually? . having got rid of

< v them, would be glad to

cry " quit."

1 46. Whether theit 16. By the powers, condition would be this is ä poser 1 Would much i improved by a starved horse get in immigratiou ? to good condition on

1 plenty of hay and

oats ? .

47. What sum of 47. A lazy man money would each in- would want somehun dividual require 'to dreds, a good work suppoit bim in ,thc man some shillings Colony, until he could but the average,-the derive^ the means of Commissariat will best supporting himself answer this question from his own labour ? after the paupers are

here for a year.

48. Whether the 48. Yes ; if the Go more industrious vernment,intheirrage might not become for economy, spend small ' farmers, and £30,000 in order to whether this would be save 10,000, thus civ advantageous to the ingall these small far Colony ? mers capital to com-

mence with, would be I very advantageous to

the Colony.

49. Whether the 49. I cannot an district generally be swer this profound favourable to the pro- query until we have .posed measure of-im- had a trial of " iinmi migration ? gration."


The Legislative Council has adjourned to October, having passed the Justice Bill, and left the consideration of all the otheis, notices of which appeared in the Gazette, for its next sitting. We are not sui prised at this course, it being, perhaps, under all ciicuinstances, the only one that could have been taken with safety, for, as it is incumbent that all Acts of Coun- cil should , be enrolled in the Supreme Couit, befóte (hey become the Law of the Colony, the present state of abeyance of that tribunal, might possibly at some future day, have supplied arguments for the ingenuity of Counsel in derogation of the validity of the Acts .that might have been passed, and which ought upon every occasion to be asniuch as possible avoided. We might go farther, perhaps, and remark that it seems strange, and incomprehensible to us, how ,the,very ¿Act, that has been' passed-the Godfather, as it. were, of Jail those that 'are to come after it, is to re- ceive that, investiture .of ceremony with »respect to the Supreme.Court, which is to give, even to itself, sufficient authority to

enforce respect from other Acts, but I


doubtless, CONSTRUCTION, that leVcr of infinite power, the use of which is so per- fectly understood in this Colony, will he had recourse to if necessary, and supply the place of whatever is wanting.

It is most gratifying to find, thatfor once, public opinion has triumphed, aod Yan Diemen's Land presents an example,' that the '< people1 have but to Will a thing; and'it is done." -vOiir Readers are already aware that by the Chatter of Justice, re- cently promulgated, we were to have two Judges, instead of as heretofore only one ; they were also made acquainted With the attempt that was thought necessary to be

made by a certain high and influential party,v to constiuct His Majesty's most gracious, will and pleasure, and to substitute "io/ things as they ought to be, things as they wei e." We endeavour to shew the impolicy j so far as the interests of the Colony were nfl eel eel, of continuing the administration of Justice, in the Hands of one individual

only, and our'Contemporaiy,' tbe~ Catina-'

niau, has also raised its voice'on the same side of the question, although supporting its atguments upon wholly' different grounds. With these however-or whe- ther we agree in them or not, we have nothing at present to do. it is enough tor us, that impolotic and highly improper at éiripts, which have been made by partie» who' in "no consideration wete enabled' to judge of the affair, in that'dispassibnate manner it «eil deserved, have been de- feated,by the decided tone that was taken, both in and out of Council, and that Weare to have a Puisne Justice in the person of Mr. Hone, in the absence of Mr. Baxter, and in other respects, too, that the terms of the Charter are to be complied with, differently lo what was evidently at one time intended by some of our Local Au-


So far, well, we have repeatedly urged the necessity of an even and vigorous ad- ministration of justice. We were well pleased to observe that the stops and halts it was eveilastingly making in its course, were adopted as the occasion of the spirited remarks, that fell from one of the speakeis on the 23id May. We were then told, however, by way of apology or extenuation, that the tank lay entiiely in the Chief Justice being a Member of the Fxecutivc Council, but no sooner, how- ever, doos the only lemedy that could be applied to the evil, so generally com- plained of, make its appearance in the shape of tile appointment of a Puisne Judge, than the inconvenience of Council sittings, and indeed, of every thing else aie forgotten, and the dislike to a divided tin one, overcomes ali public considera- tions whatever. But the people, pliant and easily led as they sometimes are, will not put up with any thing, beyond a cer- tain point, and the manifest manouvre for

continuing.to vest) the power and authoj- % rity of the bench, in the hands of one in- * dividual utily, were so plain and palpable, ' that they di feated themselves, and con- viction being once wrought in the mind of bim, whom to convince, is to convince many, in an instant accomplished a change,, for which the Colonists cannot ' be sufficiently thankful. '

As strangers are not yet admitted to* the Council, we have report only for our au- thority in alluding to its proceedings; but this report is so honorable to certain of'its members, that we cannot forbear making it public. Of the fifteen that composed its number, we could'enumerate, and si> could any one who has the slightest pre- tension to judge of character, at least half a dozen who ate as much out of their ele- ment in framing'laws, as a man would.be

in navigating a vessel who has never seen ' the ocean. There may perhaps be amongst this half dozen, men qualified to acquire honor each in his several calling, but "Ne sutor ultra crépidam, is always, our motto, and we think it quite absurd and inconsis- tent, to expect that because a mau is an extensive landed proprietor, or has other possessions, he is a fit party for a seat in! Council. No ! We want something very different-we require men who are at least able to form and to give an opinion,

without a wink or a nod dom others. Men - who consider their rank as Legislative Councillors, less as1 a means or stepping stone for obtaining favor, and Court sun- shine for themselves, than as the opportu- nity of fearlessly discharging their duties towards those" whom ¿hey aie supposed to represent. We are' most happy in ac- quainting our Readei s therefore, that so far as information has reached us, Mr. Burnett, Mr. Archer, Mr.'Cox, and Mr. Kerr, have acquitted themselves well in behalf of the public, wheu cettaiu discus- sions have taken place within the Council walls, which have had the effect of trans- planting- there, a peculiar style of oratory that is sometimes witnessed elsewhere, little to the honor or advantage of the par- ty. It is currently said, that when the Council remeet in' October, strangers will be regularly admitted, but we very'much question, whether so severe and unerring a touchstone of the real merits of the Le- gislative Council will ever be permitted by | the members. '

We have elsewhere said, that Mr. Hone is t J be elevated to the Bench as a

locum tenens, in the absence, of Mr* Bax-j, ter, and we may farther, mention,1 that

there are other embryo appointments con- - nected with the Supreme Court, which ' under all circumstances,, are perhaps just what may have been expected. Upon many accounts we aro extremely glad to

see . this high, and ¡honorable, distinction conferred upon lVlr: Hiine, and Willingly bear our, public "testimony to his merits,as au indefatigable and zealous public officer. We feelconviftcéd that we express tlip

unanimous opinion.of the Colony, that as J a Commissioner of the Court of Bequests, he cannot' be' excelled, and, he has indeed placëd'his\'8uçcessbrV,;w1ipeyer he may be, in'a; no vèVy enviable situation, by the comparisonsthai'mustoflUcessity becou stautlyiprising hereafter. Legal skill'and ingenuity aire hot so much required in a Commissioner of tíi.ei Court of Requests, as tact in unravelling cases', and the art of distinguishing between the different cha- racters who appear in that Court iii pr'o pria persona-in the capacity of either plaintiff or defendant; and it, has been in the display of these properties of the mind that Mr. I lohe has always so eminently, shone. We hope lie will succeed' in! making them thrive and. flourish in the Court over which lié is, now to preside; and as he'has given tis abundant op- portunity of witnessing ' by his modo of conducting the business ol' the Quarter Sessions, that in point ol' legal skill and ingenuity, as well as in elucidating and summing up evidence, he is certainly no wise inferior, to say the least, to any thing this Colony is. at present able to produce, let us li()pL% ¡as iiid.eed we çoiili(leiit|y do, that-the appointment of Alr.vHóiie as Puisne Judge,.will, be eminently; advan- tageous,to the .Colony. ¡ ..??.- ' ,

i; We have latterly noticed with much sa- tisfaction, that the hints we-felt ourselves compelled to «çive^ with respect to severity of-! punishment, . have not been without their effect,', and which we regard as a proof of,good sense thal busides argues well." ?''. ' V,. ??: ..':,' ."? ?.'-..' ? .-.

Few occasions connected with either

of our public departniéiits have for. some tillie created;sp'intense liiiil genera! » seh sátion, as the recent develbpeihent of the internal economy of the Female Factory ; than which, we do not hesitutc to say, a more extraordinary course of proceed- ing never took place inaiiy country. ? W ill it.be, credited elsewhere? :.,C»II it even gain belief with those amongst ourselves who. have;tipt liad the opportunities of wit- nessing the effectsoftjie iinpurallelfd sys- tem 'that has been practised, which we, as weil ns niany others, have boen wit- nesses of ? Can it, we say, he credited, that in a Colony like this, the whole fron- tispiece of .whose Government displays righteousness io nil its branches jn charac- ters as large as life, so utterly uuhcaid of; a system as has now come, to light, should have been practised? -That such methods should haw been ha.d rodour^ertoj .by. way of working reformation^ of morals? -That a large number; of women should have beeil cooped up in an infinitely worse than uselessstute.aiid not only, they themselves treared^im'ihts;'-.way';>bul"söiiic-Töf their miserable offspring so also treated;foi thé sius of ' tlieir parents ? ' Little as' this might be credited, however it is not the less true. Wherever the fault may lay, some very great, fault there i.- ; but it; is nbt ali occasional Visit on the part of His .Kxcelleiicy the Lieutenant Governor, nor is it the care and vigilance of the indefati- gable Superintendent of Convicts, nor. the enquiries of the other functionaries, whose daily duty leads them to tile wietched,Fac- tory, *,liat wi|l either detect the fault, or apply the remedy.. No ! these parties one and al!, have adopted certain notions con- nected with prison discipline, and right or wroñgV'they'have'now become ' so in- grafted tipon their minds, that they will be persevered tini The quarter, and the only quat tèri whence a remedy may be expected, is the Public Press,'and we rejoice lo see that we have, au able and : à powerful ally in one of our Contempora- ries in advocating such a, change in the internai,economyof the Factory,- as shall at least make it partake of, the common dictates of humanity, We only,wish that when the daily pittance that is allowed the women in the. Factory was agreed: : upon, the experiment, had ; beenv made -"upon; some of its advocates, to prove how it agreed with their own appetites and con . stitutions; had this lieen done, we fancy

more than one we could name, would

soon have exchanged' the-sleek appear- ance by which they-are distinguished, for evident signs Und, symptoms that ',' flesh und blood can't beur it." We have the

satisfaction, however, of believing,- that now the discovery has- beert niade,: such" measures will'be originated on the part of the Government, as sha II remove from the Press, the unpleasant duty of commenting farther upon the subject, in the, strong terms tliat might else be used. It affords us pleasure likewise to make.the remark, that we really believe the Lieutenant Go; vernor to be most anxious upon all occa sions like the present,' to do what is right, " when-right and 'wrong disccrhihgi" nii'il although aß a natural consequence of his elevated situation, information that may be depended Upon, witli respect.to pass- ing events, is certain to find much diiti culty in making its way to him,;[ we have every confidence that when it has once so found access to his bosom, it is the first and surest step towards remedying exist- ing evils, no matter What may lie their na- ture: In His Excel len

fore, we think the public maVhafel^

tbp internaleconomy of the Female Fac^ tory; or at least, until time and opportu- nity have been allowed for a correction of the mismanagenieHt vvhich ii now matter, of public notoriety. 'Should these reason

able hope? and expectations end in disap- pointment, it will be our part to address ourselves dilfeiently to our ruléis, telling them for one thing among others, that they are but stewards for the public, and to 'vhoin they are amenable, equally for their acts of omission, as of commission.

We are at issue it seems with the Cou- rier tis much as ever, upon the subject of the Engineer Department, in defence of which, the Editor of that Journal, seated in his little plastered garret» has become really most unusually eloquent. His self Complacency upon the occasion is truly wonderful. He says, in his last number,

" It is no small satisfaction to us to find that the arguments we have so dispassion- ately and Considerately offered ou these measures, have been so favorably recei- ved by the public, and are by the bulk of the community looked upon as unanswer-

able." We do not understand what the little word "so" means twice used, "so dispassionately," and "sofavorably," the Corresponding "as" being omitted; hut wé presume the Editor's meaning was so dis- passionate and considerate at our argu- ments were, for our own interest, as one of the »elect few, who can have plasterer« or aught else for asking, and " so favor- ably" at they were by that portion of the pubJUi4'ar'Whose~benéfit-i. e. the public I officers, they were intended. Weare not sorry however, that an opportunity has been allowed us. for resuming the subject, upon fresh grounds, but as we might be led into detail, inconvenient in point of length for this number, we will merely take the present occasion for rcmaiking that we shall add a few other positions in addition to those already before the public, which the Editor of the Courier has pre tended to call " sorry arguments," but which nevertheless he did not dare to op- pose, well knowing, as he does, that his grounds are too weak to be maintained, ami that sneering is an easy way of an swcihig a troublesome article.

We have received nn important commu- nication fioiii u certain Police District, with respect to the employment of men who nie picsiimed to be incapable of ser- vice, but who it seems are accommodated (for the »ake of their health we presume) with i'\orcihi; in the shape of clearing, burning, stumping, gardening, and the Lord knows what beside«, for a certain party, in a manner of which the Anthon ties at Head Quarters are, we aie quite sun», ignorant. We have heard many other little things too, which will not beal the light, but shall forbear to notice them

until we have ootnined ans weis to the en- quiries we are instituting. With us, nei- ther rank nor power will ever shield a party from that publicity, which may tend to keep our body politic in a healthful

«tate.i .

We have elsewheie inserted a letter of

" No Informer ;" he is ceitainly a little violent, but wc can make allowance^, knowing as wo do that he ¡soneofthl surlerers of the machinations of " the Ciew." His letter has called our atten- tion to a communication in the last wcek't* Tasmanian, which it appears is intended lo vindicate the proceedings of those pests of society-common intormers, the arguments of which however all tend to one point, which is this--" that a Barris- ter has no option to refuse any case whatever in which his services may be required." This is put forth, be it re- membered, " in answer to what may have been intended as u smart article in the last week's Colonial Times" It is most evi- dent that it was a $mart ai tide, but we never mentioned any thing about Barris- ter, therefore what can be meant by the sapient " one of the crew." The fact is HÍIUPIV this ;-*-s onie pet tons are ashamed of the affair, and in trying to vindicate themselves have only got deeper and deeper into the mire. However, we shall be most happy if only one of the crew can convince the Public that the measures adopted by the crew are popular, and we can assure the better part of the gong, that the sooner the dirty set are aban- doned, the better in the end will it be for the parties who can shake them off. As to the Barrister-having no option to re- fuge any case (either in a Police olHöp, or any where else) we have two or three words to say on that question, but shall

defer our observations till we have room for so inipoitaut a subject.

We have not been enabled to learn any farther particulars of the melancholy oc- ean euee briefly noticed in our supplement, respecting Captain Thomas and Mr. Par- ker, who met an untimely end iu fallowing up the spiiit of the government notice lately ¡»sued, desiring the colonists to use eteiy means to conciliate the aborigines. Consideiing that it would inspire the na- tives With a degree of confidence not otherwise to be imparted, they took but une piece with them, and but one charge of buck shot ! They'gained so much of their end as to gain their confidence-but it was a confidence in" their own power-the natives have long been aware that some time must elapse between the firing of a piece and ' its being again ready for action-they saw the weakness of the un- fortunate gentlemen, and most likely drew them on to fire wheu they must have been entirely' at their mercy. 'We have been

asked how it is the'authorities' of Laun-

ceston have not made any stir in the bu-

siness, but vie cannot answer^ unless it bel

that they arc destitute of instructions from head quarter^ as to the mods in which government inferid tü act towards these miserablh creatures. If this be the case, we earnestly call upon the authorities to at once come to a i>£C/ff/OiV'thereupon, and relieve the magistrates and settlers from the intense anxiety which prevails upon this subject. Two correspondents this week insist upon it thatiiothing but a war of exterminatioU ' how remains to be adopted ; but tliis is something stronger than we are at all prepared to recommend. That something mint be done-and that IMMEDIATELY is evident to every one who takes the trouble of thinking. Who can tell to What lengths they may run this season-, beyond all pre cedence, in taking vengeance upon the settlers for the routing they ex- perience by the u Line" business? - It will not hear even anticipation-and, if to us, in Launceston, who are out of

danger» tile subject is so painful of consi-

deration, we entreat of the (ioVernmeiit that the feelings of the settlers may n0

longer be played wit lu -

-The Iiidùpvnitèiil.