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m The coming of the sheep men to the country beyond Kalgoorlie represents one of the most re markably quick changes from one industry to an other that Australia has ever experienced,

though the stage has always been noticeable in America particularly, and then South Africa as one of the chief manifestations of primary pro gress.

Within the short space of three ? years the huge territory that ex- j tends for hundreds of miles to the north and east of Kalgoorlie has been stocked with hundreds of thousands of sheep bred from the finest ?trains in the Eastern States. Country that was almost solely de voted to cattle-aaising under conditions that were proving but moderately pro fitable has been taken over by scores of South Australian squatters, who, in under three and a half years, have in vested over £1,500,000 in station proper ties extending from Menzies to Wiluna in the north. IDEAL. SHEEP COUNTRY The country is ideal for sheep breed ing, those inevitable raisers of sweet mutton and good wool, saltbush and cotton bush serve as excellent fodder, and fresh water is available all the year round at a depth of 30 to 40 feet. About £100,000 has been spent on converting ISdjudina from a cattle run to a sheep

station. Approximately the same amount has been spent on Sturt Mead ows station, which is now carrying over 20,000 sheep. Erlistoun station in the Laverton district is still raising cattle, but approximately £90,000 has been expended on the property in the purchase of sheep and in effecting the necessary improvements. The conver sion from cattle-raising to sheep-raising has been PRACTICALLY UNIVERSAL throughout the area, and some 30 to 40 stations, most of which have been taken over by South Australian owners, had spent enormous sums on importing sheep from the Eastern States. Kalgoorlie is the railway centre for practically the whole of the districts, and tens of thousands of sheep have come across the Great Western line from the Eastern States, being^ unloaded at Parkeslon. a mile or so east of Kalgoor jie. for the northern stations or the runs lying e«st and north east of Kal goorlie.

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