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1 correction by judithl - Show corrections


ON Wednesday last, as previously announced, the above exhibition was held at the pavilion, erected for the occisión on the Paik Land, near Frome Bridge.

The following is a sketch of the proceedings of the day :

At six o'clock in the morning the drays and carts began to arrive with produce, which was

received, eutered, and arranged by the se-j cretarv and members of the committee. By j teu ./clock all the articles had been placed in | their order, and the judges then entered upon j

their labors, which continued till nearly one i o'clock, the hour appointed for the admission of the public. 4t and after one the scene became exceedingly animated. The people began to arrive in great numbers, on foot and on horse- back, and in every variety of vehicle, from the humble but substantial bullock dray, to tlte gay barouche, and during the whole of the period of exhibition, from one till five o'clock, the Paik Land was covered with group** of people in holiday attire, and in the happiest humour. Indeed, many persons declared that it was the finest gala, and the greatest assemblage of j people tliat had ever taken place in Adelaide.! The pavilion was admirably contrived. The roof waa very lofty, and covered with linen ticking ; the sides were covered with strips of white cativas, and, by an admirable contrivance, these were diawa together at intervals, so as at once to form fanciful and elegant windows, and j to produce a free circulation of air. To Mr Aston

is due the credit of this tasteful arrangement. The

j tabb's were formed on an inclined plane, ribing to

I wards the centre,and there was a space of about

j three yards in breadth for promenade around them. This promenade was crowded during the entire exhibition with the beauty, fashion, and re- spectability of both town and country, and it was tiie astonishment of strangers how, from the population we have, such an assemblage could have been produced. The feeling was very generally expressed, that a happier and pleasanter meeting had never been speut in the ' coiony or out of it.

Tim following is a list of the articles exhibited : Wluat-Twenty-seven samples in bags of three bushels

each. samples in hags. One bushel {exhibited hy W. F. Sargeant. Sturt River) of BI «-rowed beardless amt skinless harley, a native of Palestine, called, by the French, orge celeste.

Oats-Four sarr.p'es.

CobbeitV Corn-T*o sample«. Maize-One sample. Peas-Four samples.

F'our-Four samples.

Tobacco-Nine samples, of si» Malka «>ach, of Virginia tobacco plants, nm! one of two stalks, and three stalks of Syrien planta ; six »-ticks of negrohead ; one hundred cigars; sm»ll parcel of cut tobacco; tt.ree hands leaves, ready for packing ; some manufacluied tobacco, a ot specified ; and three qualities ol BOU ff.

Atab-Three sarnp'e9. Keans-One sample.

Onion«-Five sample ¡ot«.

I Macon Flitch-Two sample.

Potatoes-Three simple Jofá. Cheese-Nine samples.

Water Melons-Bight sample lois. S.veet Melone-Ten sample lots. Vegetables-Ti;bt sample lot?. Butter-Nine «air pie«.

Bacon ham«-Two sample«. Mutten hams-One «ample. Bouquets-Four samples.

Fruits, best collection-Five lo!«. Table Grapss-Three lots. Wine Ci ra pts-One lot. Apples-Two lot'. prtr#-Two lots.

(j rapes, best and greatest variety-One lot.

We subjoin a list of the prizes, and of the part ie« to whoPc they were awarded :

Wheat, first prize, five guineas-Slessra Innes and

Gilmore. Chain of Ponds.

Wheat, second prize, three guineas-Stanford, Burley, and Stanford, Meadows Special Survey.

Barley, three guineas-Joseph Ind, Adelaide.

Oats, three guineas-James Shakes, Mount Barker.

Potatoes, two gumeat-^oho. Bishop, Greenhill Farm, Meadows Special Sumy.

Onions, one guinea-John Morphett, Cummins, Start


Field Peas, one guinea-John Winsor, Lagoon Farm, Holdfast Bay.

Maize, one guinea-John Bishop, Greenhill Farm, Meadows Special Survey.

Cobbett's Corn, one guinea-A. H. Davis, Moore Farm,

Reed Beds.

Horse Beans, one guinea-John Morphett, Cummins,

Sturt River.

Flour, three guineas-John Ridley, Hindmarsh Mills. Malt, two guineas - John Shand, Park Land Brewery. Butter (fresh), two guineas-Joseph Hodgson, Glen


Butter (best potted), two guineas-C. B. Fisher, Reed


Cheese, first, three guineas - Whyte and Rankin,

Mount Crawford.

Cheese, second, two guineas-Joseph Johnson, Frog-

more, Reed Beds.

Flitch of Bacon, two guineas-John Edwards, Hindley

street, Adelaide.

Bacon Han», two guineas-Walter Duffield, Mount


Wine Grapes, two guineas -George Stevenson, North


Table Grapes, two guineas-George Stevenson, North


Best and greatest variety of Grapes, two guineas George Stevenson, North Adelaide.

Apples, ten shillings and sixpence-Jacob Hagen, Echunga.

Pears, ten shillings and sixpence-George Stevenson. Sweet melon, one guinea-A. H. Davis.

Water melon, one guinea-Wm. Denham.

Best collection of Fruits, five guineas-George Ste-


Best and greatest variety of Vegetables, three guineas -Joseph Ind, Hindley-street.

Best Bouquet, ten shillings and sixpence-George


Second best ditto, five shillings-Jacob Hagen.

Cottagere's prize, best Bouquet, ten shillings and sixpence-John Bailey, Hm koey Gardens.

Unmanufactured Tobacco,one guinea-John Morphett* Manufactured ditto, one guinea-W. F. Sarjeant, Sturt


In reference to several of the above, the Judges made the following observations :

The Judges of potatoes, &c, ** recommend to the especial notice of the Society a fine sample of white or garden peas. No. 22 (Messrs Stanford, Burley, and Stanford), and they regret to state that the only sample of horse beans exhibited was of inferior quality."

The Judges ot dairy produce, &c.,say, ** We regret that no competition has been exhibited in thc article of hams, and the mutton hams shewn have not been considered worthy of a prize.**

The Judges of fruits, &c, state as follows :

'* The Judges beg with due deference to sub- mit «hat an extra prize be awarded to No. 122 (A. H. Davis) for the best collection of peaches, and to the same number for the second-best collection of grapes; also to No. 127 (John Hagger, Walkerville) for unusually fine speci- mens of cucumbers, and to No. 164 », George Stevenson) for a fine specimen of the sugar-cane, and also of New Zealand flax. A very fine collection of vegetables, exhibited under No. 115, is also worthy of especial notice, or a second prize, should the fonds of the Society permit/'

The Judges on tobacco consider that they j are also bound to notice the manufacture of No. 183 (F. Oelrich, Walkerville) as worthy of

j great commendation. The samples of snuff* j exhibited (by Alexander Lawson, Adelaide), ! especially No. 2, sre highly creditable. ! UNENUMERATED ARTICLES.

' Although in the meantime the Committee are

' ui:able to award prizes for the unenumerated j articles, the Judges have mentioned the foilow 1 ing with the subjoined remarks ;

Castings (exhibited by John Wyatt, Gren fell-street).-Cylinder 7 inches diameter, for a I 4 horse-power steam-engine, 15-inch stroke; j also, four cast i<on cart and dray wheel boxes. '-Most creditable productions, quite equal to

anything that could be produced at any of the

j best foundries in England.

I Soap, one box (exhibited by Messrs Linn, j Wright, and Elliott, Hindmarsh) ; three rjars

j of mottled soap (exhibited by Mr W. H. Bur j ford).-Both excellent samples,

j Candles, 12'b. moulds (exhibited by T. M. Walker, Adelaide).-An excellent specimen.

Salt, one bag (exhibited by Mr G. R. Thomp- son), manufactured from English rock salt. j Apparently a fine white salt of good quality, J and well manufactured. The Judges regret ¡ (here is not also a sample of manufactured co-

lonial salt.

Wool, three - fleeces (exhibited by Mr J. Masters. Grenfeti-Rtreet).- All very good spe- cimens, end one fleece of fine wool particularly j beautiful.

Hearth-rug (exhibited by Mr J. F. Bot fomley), manufactured from native wool, and on a colonial-made loom.- Very creditable as a first specimen.

It may be mentioned that Mr B. can manu- facture hearth rugs of any colour or pattern« and that by the same machinery he will be able to manufacture wire-gauze for blinds and sieves. '

Leather, 166 (exhibited by Mr William Pea- cock)-3 bides kip, 3 calf-skins, 3 goat-ckias, 2 dog-skins, 2 cat-skins, 4 kangaroo-fekios, 0 black sheep-skins, 3 brown sheep-skins; 141

j (exhibited by Mt George Bean, Rundle-street)

- I butt and 2 sides sole-leather, 7 sides bright harness-leather* I dozen kangaroo-ekins, 1 dozen wallaby-skins, 2 black seal-skins, 2 horse-hides, 3 calf-skins, 1 piece boot top-lea- ther, 4 bright seal-skins, 4 ditto basils.-Both lots particularly creditable, but the Judges must give the decided preference to lot 166, both on account of greater variety and superior quality.

Fuschia and Rose plants, in pots (exhibited ry Mr George Clark, Walkerville). - Very


Ale, one cask (exhibited by John Shand, Park Land Brewery).-Excellent.

Starch, 90, 91.- Upon this the following report was made by W. Giles, Esq. *-«« Mr " Giles has great pleasure in stating that these "samples of starch are equal ia quality with " that produced by any of the country makers " in England-not quite equal to the London "makers, Coward, Cancellor, & Co., and ** Lechere & Co., of London." Mr Giles's report confirmed by the Judges.

Honey (exhibited by George Stevenson).


Castor-oil, cold-drawn (exhibited by C* J. Carleton, Adelaide Hospital). - Particularly good. Dr Kent states he never examined a superior sample.


Reaping-machine (exhibited by John Ridley, Hindmarsh).-For this the Judges awarded the special prize of ten guineas.

His Excellency the Governor, with Mrs Grey and suite, arrived about three o'clock, walked round and minutely inspected the various articles, with which he expressed ! himself highly gratified, and in some in-

stances astonished. He afterwards distributed the prizes to the various successful candidates,

which was done as follows:-The secretary j

called out the names and the amount of the

prize, Edward Stephens, Esq., of the Bank, who was loaded with gold and. silver, of the new coinage of her Majesty Queen Victoria, then handed the amount to his Excellency, who, after making a few enquiries as to the mode and

circumstances of cultivation or manufacture, and making some appropriate remarks, delivered the sum to the successful competitor. An amusing little incident here occurred. On the name of Robert Rankine being called, his wife, Mrs Rankine (known through all the country as a first-rate dairywoman, and to those who travel in the hush, for her hospitality and humour), stepped forward to receive the prize, saying she would take it, for the good man was rather backward. Hts Excellency was de- lighted to see Mrs Rankine, and expressed his great gratification in delivering the prize to her, who he was aware best deserved it, upon which Mrs Rankine thanked his Excellency;curtsied, and withdrew. We must not omit to mention, that on the delivery to Mr Ridley of the prize nf ten guineas tor the best reaping machine, his

Excellency said that he was peculiarly gratified j in having the opportunity of expressing his j opinion of the value of Mr Ridley's machine,

which he had very carefully inspected, and he ! was firmly convinced that it would be of the utmost importance to the agriculturists of this country, as it would enable them successfully to compete in corn with any part of the world.

We shall now make a few remarks upon the various articles exhibited, and in doing so we may mention, that we give not merely our own opinion, but the opinion generally expressed at the meeting.

It hi impossible to describe the admiration which .was elicited, not only from strangers, but eren from many persons from the country who had not attended the former exhibitions, at the numerous splendid samples of wheat. r One far- mer, who ttatt had great experience, assured us that he had never seen such good grain at home, and we know a gentleman who will be glad to give a good price for a large quantity of the best samples for exportation. The prize wheat weighed 66 lbs. 6 oz. The barley was al«»o admired, and there were some very beautiful specimens of Cobbet's corn and maize ; the malt seemed to be of excellent quality. There would have been more of this article if the sea- son had been further advanced. The flour, espe- cially the prize sample, was really splendid, and attracted great attention, particularly from strangers present. We heard a person in the < pavilion, who had been long in Virginia, say, in j reference to the tobacco, that it could not be j surpassed in that country. The onions were j most excellent, and were greatly praised. The same remark applies to the potatoes and to the cheese, for which last there was a very keen | competition. It is unnecessary to say anything! respecting the melons-they fully sustained the character acquired in former exhibitions. Mr Bailey had some beautiful Cabul sweet melons, ¡

which are rare specimens. There were some j

most immense pumpkins ; one we saw marked 85 lbs. Some of the vegetables, as carrots, parsnips, &c, were perfectly gigantic. Mr Stevenson fully sustained his reputation for fruits. There was keen competition between hin» and Messrs Hagen and Davis, and it pro- mises to increase next year. We understand that had the time for exhibition been later in the season there would have been stronger competi- tion in fruits from Mount Barker, the Little

j Para, and other elevated districts, where many ! fruits are not yet ripe. Mr Stevenson exhibited

a fine pine apple, an olive branch with unripe olives, tall sugar canes, which adorned the ends of the tables. New Zealand flax, and other rare plants. The pearl barley shown by Mr Ridley was very fine. It has not been noticed by the Judges, but we certainly think it is a great thing, especially for the Scottish population,; that such an excellent article of the kind can be produced in the colony. We have pleasure in adding to the testimony of the Judges, relative to the leather, that of a gentleman who has an intimate knowledge of the trade. Before the opinion nf the Judges was known, he had ex- pressed his opinion of the excellencies of the various kinds, and particularly admired Mr


The following are the places where the arti- cles were grown or produced :

Tobacco—Sturt River, McLaren Vale, Hurtle Val, Glene Osmond, Walkerville, Torrens, Clifton.  

Peas—Meadows, Holdfast Hay, Sturt River, Echunga.   Cobbett's corn—Reed- Beds, Noarlunga, Meadows. Oats—Mount Barker, Reed Beds, Meadows.

Wheat—Meadows, Mount Barker, Reed Beds, Happy Valley, Chain of Ponds, Little Para, Greenhills, Willunga, Sturt River, Lyndoch Valley, Woodford, Kensington,


Barley—Reed Beds, Encounter Bay, Sturt River.

Beans—Sturt River.  

Onions—Sturt River, Hurtle Vale, Torrens, Mount


Potatoes—Hurtle Vale, Brownhill Creek, Meadows.

Cheese—Mount Barker, Mount Crawford, Glen Osmond, Upper Sturt, Meadows, Torrens, Reed Beds.

Water melons—Walkerville, North Adelaide, Torrens,

Mount Barker, Clifton.

Sweet melons—Same places and Reed Beds.

Vegetables—Walkerville, Mount Barker, Reed Beds,

Clifton, and around Adelaide.

Butter—Glen Osmond, Upper Sturt, Torrens, Kensington, Mount Barker, Reed Beds, Hindmarsh.

Bacon hams—Mount Barker.

Bouquet—Reed Beds, North Adelaide, Mount Barker.

Fruits, best collection—Walkerville, Adelaide, Mount Barker, Reed Beds.

Grapes, pears, and apples—-Adelaide, Mount Barker.

The sum realised from admission-money at one shilling each person was £58 ll 6d, which gives eleven hundred and seventy-one persons who had paid for admission to the pavilion. There were, besides, a vast multitude of person» who remained outside enjoying themselves in the park walking about or reclining under the shade of the magnificent g um-trees, and who

were admitted free about four o'clock, after bis Excellency and the Committee left. It has been estimated that during the day there could

not have been less than between three and four

thousand persons present. The large anAaa expected amount received for admissio^mPfite relieved the Committee from much anxiety ; the amount altogether received on account of this exhibition being about £140, while the prizes announced and expenses are only about £100. The Society will thus, after paying prizes for

the unenumerated articles, have a balance avail^^ able for other kindred useful purposes, of which! *

there is no lack.

It gives us sincere pleasure to state that Mr Ridley has invented another machine, which her is now in the course of constructing. He exhi- bited a model of it, and explained its principles to numbers of persons at the show. It is a machine for scarifying the soil, and for sowing. His principle is that in hot climates ploughing1 is unnecssary, and even hurtful, except about once in four years, and that it is on ry requisite

to move the soil so as~ to receive the seed. The scarifier is not new. but Mr R. claims the sowing apparatus. The two processes are per- fectly distinct, and may be used separately or together.

We cannot conclude without expressing the obligations of the public to his Excellency, for the very handsome manner in which he.has come forward on the present occasion, both ia furnishing so liberally the means in materials, labor* and site for the pavilion, of producing SOT grand and so useful an exhibition, and in at- tending himself to honor the proceedings.

We should not omit also to notice the active

and zealous labors of the Royal Sappers and Miners, in erecting the pavilion, which, in the opinion of ail who saw it, was constructed in- a most tasteful, elegant, and substantial manner. We can assure the Sappers and Miners that the Committee, and all interested in the proceedings, highly appreciate their excellent conduct.

ft is needless to say,- that the members of Committee and other zealous friends are in the highest spirits at the result of their exertions,, and look forward to achieving still greater things. Many and cordial thanks are due tor them for their indefatigable and disinterested labors. The cause is a noble one, and they have shewn themselves worthy of it.