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A Tour to the South;



ALBURY is a very thriving township, and it ia pleasing to hear tho oldest inhabitant talk of its rise from the time when thero were gum trees in the principal streets, and an old shanty near the bridgo. The pre sent population of the municipality is ovor 3000.

On a ploasant morning last month, Mr. T. H. Mate kindly commenced tho task of devoting several days to show me Albury, the town ho is justly proud of, being the centre of a district that he resides in and represented in Parliament many years. We first went down to the Hume Uiver, and I was there shewn two monuments. Tho first was a monument in marble on granite pedestal, and surrounded by an iron railing. Tho monument boro the following inscription :-' This monument was erected by the inhabitants of tho Hume Uiver, in honour of Hamilton Hume, Esq., to commemorate his discover of this river on tho 17th November, 1824. The other memorial is a large white gum tree bearing the following inscription, out in the wood, ' Hovell, Nov. 17, '24.' When we wore about leaving the latter an old but hale looking gentleman, walked briskly down to tho tree to pay it a visit, after an absonco of nearly half a century. It was Captain Hovell himself, Mr. Hume's follow explorer, who out the inscription, and wished before he died to see it again and the rising township. It wanted but the other old oxplorer, Mr. Hamilton Hume, who is still alive and hearty in Yass, to be present to complete the


Just above these memorials there is a wharf, and above that again a noble bridge spans tho Murray, crossing which you aro in tho colony of Victoria, that wonderful result of British enterprise-a territory which a few years ago was uninhabited and unknown. The bridge is a most substantial ono in two divisions, so that collisions aro avoided. The receip ts from the excessive toll charges here collected, is divided equally between tho two colonies, as tho bridgo was erected nt their joint expense. Turning towards tho town past a few hotels and private houses,' we enme to a largo wool store, which held 3000 bales of wool last season. It is built on stone foundations, with walls and roof of galvanized iron, and ÍB about 150 feet by 50 feet dimensions. On the same block a little further up tho street on tho same side and hav ing a frontage to another street, are a number of build ings, where the mercantile business of T. H Mate and Co. is carried on. On the opposite side of the street is a well conducted hotel, by a jolly host, Mr. J. H. Kirkpatrick. We aro now in a good wide streut, called Townsend-streot, The storekeeping establiah . ment of Solomon Brothers, who are seemingly doing a

good trade, is passed ; and that hugo building above, but on the opposite side is Lewis Jones's |Exchange Hotel, with its forty rooms, its concert hall and theatre, the only one in Albury. Thoso large stone buildings beyond are the stables of the Exchange. In the same street and on tho opposite corner, is the Commercial Bank, under the management of Mr. J. Skinner. It is a large building of stone with a por chavy entrance. Above the Commercial on the oppo site side is the opposition bank, a very creditable building also of stone, two storys high. It is a branch of the bank of New South Wales, and is under the the management of Mr. J. W. Jones.

Turning up a street past the Oommeroial Bank we found ourselves at a plain brick buildine and manse, the former being the Presbyterian ohuroh. Adjoining this are the Catholic buildings, and a glance gave strong evidenoe of tho wealth and numbera of the members of this denomination in tho district. We were courteously received by the Very Rev. Dr. M'Alroy (Vicar-General). He informed us that dur ing tho past three years tho Catholic community had subscribed over L10.000 in the district.

The Roman Catholic Church now in course of rapid completion will bo an ornament to tho town. Situated in a commanding position, it has also a frontage to two main streets. Tho design is cruciform in a Gothic stylo of architecture. The building will bo of granito with slated roof. The prcscst dimensions (for arrange ments are being made to enlarge it if necessary) are aa follow :-Total length 150 feet, length of transepts 80 feet, length of aisle 50 feet. Eight fine pillars arranged on a new design, being supported by inverted arches, rise in majestic order in the interior. While the walls aro of tho best granito, tho window lintels, niches, &c, aro of a beautiful rare stono having a purple colour, and only to be obtained from ono quarry in the colony, viz., on the Table-top station, the property of Mr. James Mitchell, about fifteen miles from the town. We were shown a most artistic minature of the church when finished, and judging from that, it will combine grandeur with ornament to a remarkable degree. Tho cost will be about £8000, and it will accommodate about 1500 persons.

We next visited the convent, whioh is a short dis tance from tho church, and is another instance of the energy and zeal of Dr. M'Alroy. The convent is ackno wleged to be tho prettiest in the [colony, and was erected at a cost of £5000 ; possibly borrowing the idea from the bees in an economy of room, yet preser vation of elegance the design is oapital. It has a tower and from three of its sides wings branoh off. Two of these wings are completed. The tower is hexagonal, and seventy feet high, containing three stories. Wo passed in succession and examined a most Interesting and beautiful but by no means extravagant interior. The floors and ceilings are of tho richly variegated Murray pine. The division is occupied by! halls, oh pels, cells, and school rooms. I had no idea that there could havo been so many rooms, but as before remarked thero ÍB much economy of room. The sisters have 30 boarders and 170 day scholars under tuition. The education ,in the convent seems to be of a 'high standard, and quito equal to any ladies' school in the colony.

In the briok building used at present for divine service tho Roman Catholic Denominational School is held under the management of Messrs S. and P. Cul len. 100 scholars are on the roll, and the attendance on the day of our visit was 90. Some of the pupils were remarkably clever boys, and their proficiency in the higher branches, viz., geometry and algebra, reflects considerable credit on their teachers.

We next directed our steps to the Albury Model Public School, and on our way received an addition to our party in tho person of the present member for the Hume, Mr. James M'Laurin.

The model school was erected many years ago, though it has received considerable addition of late years. The building is of brick, and has a very pleasing exterior. The head master is Mr. C. Hookins, and he has three assistants, viz. : Messrs. Richardson, Miss Pine, and Miss Bousfield. Two hundred and sixty pupils are on tho roll, and two hundred and twenty were present when we visited tho school. Tho pupils underwent a severe examination in grammar (includ ing reading and analysis), arithmetic and geography. In these subjects they displayed evidences of a thorough tuition, which was very satisfactory to visi tors. Tho painstaking method of imparting instruo. tion adopted by Mr. Hookins, and the excellent discip lino, and I must, in justico Bay, gentlemanly deportment of the boys, are deserving tho warmest commendation.

Where such a large number of tho rising generation are receiving instruction under such favourable cir

oumafnnoes, it 13 desirable to give great credit to al assisting in tho work ; therefore, requested to mentio that much of tho good is duo to'tho energetic loc; board, afc whoso head as chairman, ia a spirltc-d towns man. Mr. Georgo Day, J.P, Messrs. Thorold. Ivîcfii'J North, and Lockhart, aro tho other members of th

loci board.

Proceeding along tho same street we came to a nie brick building, with porch, a credit to tho builder. Mi A. Frew. It' is the Church of England Sunday School but a privato school io held in it on week days, by th Kev. D. li. Jones, sen. A little fut thor on is th "Wesleyan Chapel ; but bûforo coming to it we turn

corner and Sud ourselves in one of tho principal street of ihi town, called Dcau-street. Tho Market-squar is opposite to U3 ; a little below wo pass a liuo draper; establishment, called Manchester Kourw, and owncc by Mr. James Higgins. At ono sido there ia an ex ten sive and showy furniture warehouse equal to any i;

Pitt-street, Sydney.

Crossing tho street wo found ourselves at th Mechanic's Institute and School of Art.f._ Tho build jug ia of brluk, and contains a good library and : reading-room, woll supplied with newspapers. Th Telcgraph-ofli.-ca, low bvick structures, covering a gooi deal of ground, and evidently put up at a larg« ox penso, aro next to the School of Arts. Albury iii ¡ ropeotiug station fur Vicioiian messages, arid be.-M messengers and assihtants two managers aro employed Mr. AI. li. Kelly is tho Albury and Kew South Wale manager, and Mr. AVilliam M'Nab represents Victoria.

Tb« Albury Court-house, Doric rtylo of architecture is tho best building of the kind that I havo scon in th Goulburn districts. Thcro aro a fino spacious cunt room and good ofiioes -wanting only in furniture ro h every thu.-g desirable in rv Court-bouso. Tho polio magistrate is Captain Marcus Brownrigg, KN., aiij ibu clerk of petty session and Crown land's agent i li Brown, Esq. AH if in mockery there if» a misera bi building in tho Court-homo yard, it is tho Survey tifïïcu of tho district, or rather of the greater prut o inverina, comprising five electoral dietviots. I un given to understand that rm enormous quantity o work is transacted hore under tho superintendence! 0 Mr. J. H. Wood. Tho budding ia (if brick, bu there is sonrculy ¡my furniture exot'pfc that provider at Mr. Wood's expenso. Tho watched building i tuiubling down ; a great downfall of brioka from tin doorway just escaped tho head of au iu¡fortu~afc assistant when opening ibo front door of this ollie taring wy visit. J. L. Crommelin, Esq., is tba Crowi lands' aommiesloner. Tho next largo building to th Oourt-houie is tho Post-office, which is .íleo betts looking than tho average of such establishments ii Now South Wales. It is under tho manngouient 0 Mr. T IL Stone, of whose lack of civility I h av beard many complaints, and my personal experienc

tended to confirm them.

Leaving tho Post-office we turned to the right int another principal street, called Kiowa-Btreet. Th Churoh of England first attracted attoutien. It i built of granito, and is by no means un elegant struc turo, though many thousands of pounds were expendc< on it At thu sido there is however a fino brick par nonage, which looks very well, and shows that th< members af the Church ot England are not quito st apathetic ns ono would afc first bo inclined to suppose.

A further walk of three minutes down the strroi

brought us to a huge building, Fallon's leviathan wine cellars. Though Mr. J. T. Fallon has threo or foui wine cellars those ara the principal. Tho cellars arc on a granito foundation, with upper story of brick, ant are ooverod by a galvanized iron roof. Tho dimension fcre 170 feet long and CC feet wide, but they aro beini still further enlarged. The upper floor is usod as 1 store-room for casks, &c., and atone end is a suite 0 offices. Descending 0 flight of stops and wo foum ourselves in tho cellars, where we were introduced ti Mr. P. E. Fallon, Mr. W. Evans Dignam, and Mr. J.D Lankester, all aonncctod with the establishment.

To give an idea of tho cellars ono would have tc imagine a building the roofs of which were supportée by hugo pillars and oross pieces of red gum, with al! around tiers of casks. Two sides in particular ai once strike the eye. Thoro are rows of casks, each capable of holding a man with a wife and six children, These oval oasks hold about 1500 gallons of wino each and tho mon Mr, Fallon employs build about ono r week. It ÍB pleasing to know that a great many of the casks aro built of colonial timber obtained about eighty or ninety miles away. Being in Fallon's cellar! our next duty was to taste tho wines. "We performed this duty, 1 think, pretty faithfully, Richness, ful flavour, and good body wero only a few of tho onconiumi passed on the Reisling, Verdoilho, Shiraz, Brown Mus catel, and others that came under review.

An undertaking of such magnitude, which storer ' 200,000 gallons of wine this season, and receives thc

produot of forty vineyards, refleots tho highest orodil on a good townsman who cannot be too highly spoken of. Leaving the wine cellars we returned along thc street and presently came to Fallon's buildings, a fine pile of business premises. The first is a largo drapory establishment, then a jeweller's and watchmaker's shop, Mr. Husing's, and ot the corner the Globe Hotel, with about forty rooms, and well kept under tho man agement of Mr. T. H. Webb. In Dean-street wo again find ourselvos passing Day's-buildingB and Commercial ohambors, Hunter's ironmongery warehouse, tho ' Ban ner' office, Mttdino and Roe's drapery establishment, the ' Border Post' office, the Albury municipal council ehamhsrs, lawyer's offices, and other loss pretentious places of business aro here. Mr, George Day's fine private residence is next passed, and Moore and "Wal ler's auction rooms come under review.

A huge busy pufUiig flour mill built of granite, threo storeys high, filled with whoat in every available part; bullock drays, horse teams, and carts, wore before the entrances. Making our way into this build ing, wo were introduced to Messrs. Hayos Brothers, whose flour mills in Goulburn, Yass, and other towns in New South Wales, are well-known. In Albury they, for a considerable time, have had the null at work night and day, and do an immense business prin cipally though with Viotoria. The Border Customs have dono such a fatal injury to the farmers that tho evil will demand a separate notice. Below Hayes's Mills thero is a smaller mill at work, carried out by

Mr. Burrows.

Making a oiroutt into Townspnd-street, and past Kilfoil's, a large hotel, we soon found ourselves back In Kiewa-stroet again, but lower down. Here thero is another fine drapery establishment-Mr. H. Moffitt's and the oxtonsive general storo of Downie Brothers adjoins. Opposito I rogain King's Boso Inn, ono of the principal hotels in tho town, where I remained during my stay in Albury. This hotel is a spaoious brick building well furnished throughout, and carried on in first-olass stylo by a jolly hostess.

The following day wo visited the Albury Hospital, which is situated on tho bordors of tho town. It is a large brick building hnving an eastern aspect command ing a good view of the Murray Valley, &o. The grounds aro neatly planted with trees, shrubs, and flowers, many being the gift of Dr. Muoller of the Melbourne Botanical Gardens. Mr. A. Wallworth is the superintendent and dispenser of the hospital. The gaol is a common-looking building ; is adjacent to the hospita],

Albury, supports three breweries-G. Leish and Co's, I © Keefer and Thomson's. They all do a good trade.

The Municipal Council has done muoh good In im

proving the oppeariinoe of the town, The present'

Mayor is W. M. H. Edmondson, Esq , arni tho Coun cil Clerk-BIr. S. Mudgo. Aldermen cM'Lellan, Day, Kirkpatrick, Jones, Solomon, James Day, Liddle, and

Gulson, are tho other members of the Council.

Thero ure many uico private residences about Albury which add to tho beauty of tho town.

Amens other institutions not before mentioned, Albury hus a Pastoral and Agricultural Sooioty (G. Day, Esq., President), a Building Society, Masonic, O.klfellows. und Foresters Lodges, a Catholic Benefit Society, a. Temporáneo and Rechabite Society, otu! a racing club capitally conducted under the president ship of REr. Thorold. The Customs Office is under the cbit.rjo of Mr, JohnS.vyny; Mr. P. Joyce is tide


Such is Albury in 1S72. I have given a sunny picture of th a town, but it must not bo supposed that it-, is ¡I perfect paradise, or without its troubles of the Littlo P<?d<l!iu!jl;on kind. There aro of con rso several 'parties,' Wigs and Tories, aristocrats and democrats if you like, euch having a representative newspaper, ami euch firmly behoving that the opposition print i" a 'rag,' and 'no thuti thero ia truth in it.'