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(From the South Australian, Sept. 29.)
The Pauline, from Bremen 17tb June, arrived on Sunday, after a remarkably fine passage of 101 days. She brings German papers (with a few of which we have been kindly favoured) up to the 13th June, giving
London news to the 9th June.
In the city article of the Globe, of 8th June, it was stated that Ministers would be defeated in the Slave Grown Sugar and the Irish Coercion measures. The writer pro- phesies that the Ministry would be out of office before the Corn Bill passed the Lords, and goes the length of saying that the Peel
Administration would not last more than ten days. The expectation of a change of Ministry was general, but it was said that Sir R. Peel, for the sake of the country, would not retire till the Corn Bill had passed the Lords. The Whigs had framed their plan of opposition-they denounced the Coercion Bill, and differential duties on sugar.
The Tariff Bill passed the second reading, in the Lords, after scarcely two hours' debate.
The Duke of Buckingham moved, on the 8th June, that the new sliding scale be per- manent. In the Commons, on the 8th June, Sir W. Sommerville moved the rejection of the Irish Coercion Bill on its second reading. In the debate, Lord G. Bentinck said he and his party would join the Whigs, and that
the moment was come to humble the Peel Administration.
A report of the Chancellor's budget is given,
from which we observe the revenue was
flourishing, and that Sir Robert Peel's re- ductions in the tariff had been successful. Reductions in the Customs, to the extent of two-fifths, had been made, which bad been amply compensated by Tevenue arising from increased consumption; but the most sur- prising results had been in the Post-office department. The net revenue was rapidly approaching its amount previous to the re- duction in postage, and the number of letters was now 400,000,000 against 75,000,000 in 1838. Since 1842, the interest on the national debt has been reduced by £1,500,000 per
Pope Gregory XVI. died at Rome on 1st June, of fever. Immediately previous to the Pope's illness, Austria had proposed to oc- cupy Ancona, and France had proposed to occupy Civita Vecchia, and it was expected that his death would have important political
At Monte Video another revolution bad
taken place. At Valparaiso serious riots oc- curred at the election of a President : 9 per-
sons were killed and 87 wounded.
The Grand Duke Constantine of Russia had anchored off Spithead in a Russian man of-war, but it was uncertain whether he would visit London.
Ibrahim Pacha landed at Portsmouth on
the 5th June. He was accompanied by two
of his sons.
Lecomte, who attempted to assassinate King Louis Phillipe, was executed at Paris on the 8th June, at half-past six a.m.
(From the Sydney Morning Herald, October 9.)
By the Trafalgar we have papers to the
The Corn Law Bill may now be considered safe. After a debate of three days in the House of Lords, the second reading was car- ried by a majority of forty-seven. The fol- lowing is the result of the division :
FOR THE SECOND READING.
Proxies.... v.. 73
AGAINST THE SECOND READING.
Present. 126 Proxies.... 38
Majority of votes present in favour of
the Bill. 12 Majority of proxies in favour of the Bill.. 35 That the second reading would be carried was always considered certain, from the number of proxies held by the government, but it was feared that in committee, where proxies are not allowed, the bill would be so altered as to render its rejection by the lower house a matter of course. But the majority of members actually in the house being in favour of it, renders it impossible that any manouvre of this kind can now be practised, especially as a number of peers known to be favourable to the bill, who were on the Con- tinent, were on their way to London to attend
The New Zealand Company have at length determined to dissolve the Company. They say they have expended £300,000 of their capital, and £300,000 of their money re- ceived from purchasers of'land, and have nothing whatever to show, not having a title to a single acre of land.
The Queen was recovering from her con- finement with her usual celerity. No bulle- tins were issued after the sixth day.
War between the United States and Mexico had actually commenced.
Parliament was adjourned for the Whit
suntide recess from the 29th May to the 5th
Colonel Barney was re-gazetted as Super-
intendent of North Australia on the 26th May, and on the same day Dr. Hampton was appointed Controller of Convicts in Van
The crops were promising. There had been a very wet spring, but the weather having set in exceedingly mild, there was every prospect of a good crop.
The 37th Regiment was under orders for
An additional Assistant Secretary had been appointed to the Colonial Office, Mr. F. Rogers, who had also been appointed a Land and Emigration Agent.
The King and Queen of the French were to visit England about the end of June.
London,30th May, 1846.
The first sales of colonial wool of this sea-
son's clip, which began on the 14th instant, closed this evening. The quantities put up to
sale were :
4618 bales Australian
Van Diemen's Land 4274
Swan River "
East India 19,838 t
Turkey, Egyptian, Buenos
Ayres, &c. 4028 " Sundries
Several small parcels of colonial and a con- siderable quantity of foreign were withdrawn, prices not being adequate to the owners' ex- pectations.
From a combination of circumstances, the general trade of the manufacturing districts has for some months past been far from satis- factory-the tightness existing in the money market, from the late inordinate gambling in railways, and the, until yesterday, uncertainty attending the passing of the Corn Bill in its concluding stages, have had a paralysing effect
on the wool market.
The reduction in the prices of German wool has, since October last, been not less than 3d. to 4d. per lb. on wools below 2s. 6d., and from that price up to 4s. 6d. we cannot quote a less decline than 4d. to 9d., and in some instances even Is. per lb. for the finest classes. These have all had their effect on the colonial market, and the consequence has been that, although for fine and well got up flocks from Sydney, Port Phillip, and Van Diemen's Land (the former being in short supply), there has been a tolerably active demand, at prices from l£d. to 2d. per"lb. below those of May last, yet for inferior conditioned wools it has been but slug- gish, at from 2d. to 4d. per lb. less.
On Cape, and more particularly on Adelaide wools, the retrogression has been still greater, say from 3d. to 5d. per lb. ; and many of the best flocks from the latter colony have been sold at the highest named decline, when compared with last year's prices. The large quantity of the clip from thence having arrived in time for this series of sales, added to the prevalence of grass seeds, prickles, and bad condition of the middling and inferior flocks, have also still further depressed prices.
Some superior flocks from Van Diemen's Land, being in capital condition, and showing their usual high breed, have suffered a less decline than might have been expected ; this is another and most convincing argument in favour of attention to the breeding, washing, classing, and freeing them from the skirtings, locks, and inferior portions of the fleece. To maintain the high repute of colonial wool, in the competition which may now be expected yearly to increase in a high rate of progression from the United States and Russia, it is of the utmost importance to the colonial growers to attend to these most essential points. As a confirmation of these remarks, we may observe that fleeces from the United States sold freely, in small quantity, at Is. 3d. to Is. 5£d., and slipe wool of superior quality and condition even produced Is. 9d. per lb. The new clip may be expected in all June and July.
Lambs' wool of all kinds have been in great demand, and have been the only exception to the general decline.
Spanish and Russian merino and brook washed have been in little request, and were principally withdrawn at low figures.
East India wool sold freely at late prices. Other low wools were mostly withdrawn.
C. AND J. D. JACOMB, Brokers. TALLOW, HIDES, &c.
The tallow market has been steady through- out the month, but at no period can it be said that the general demand was brisk. The in- creased production in the home supply has checked the demand for foreign tallow, other- wise holders of the present stock, which does not exceed 9300 casks, would no doubt have been enabled to raise the present value. Rus- sian tallow is firm at 42s. 6d. to 42s. 9s. per cwt. New South Wales has not sold briskly this month, though a fair amount of business has been done. The warm weather, together with the home supply, has checked the demand for mutton tallow, and prices have declined 6d. per cwt. Beef tallow, of good body, has realised extreme prices, but weak and greasy sorts have been in limited request, and barely support late rates. The sales of the month comprise 1029 casks, at the following prices. Mutton tallow :-pale : rather tender, 41s. 9d. ; tender, 41s. 3d. to 41s. 6d. Middling colours : good body, 41s. 3d. to 42s. 3d. ; rather tender, 41s. 3d. to 41s. 9d. ; tender, 40s. 3d. to 41s. Rather dark : good body, 41s. to 41s. 6d. ; rather tender, 40s. 6d. to 41s. 3d. ; tender, 39s. Dark : good body, 41s. to 41s. 6d. ; rather tender, 39s. 3d. to 4ls. 6d.-Beef tallow : bright but greasy, 41s. 6d. Fair colours : good body, 41s. 9d ; fair body, 41s. to 41s. 9d. ; rather greasy, 40s. 3d. to 4ls. ; very greasy, 39s. to 40s. Middling colours : rather greasy, 40s. 3d. to 40s. 9d. ; greasy, 39s. 9d. to 40s. 3d. Rather dark : hard, 41s. 3d. to 41s. 6d. ; fair body, 40s. 6d. to 41s. ; greasy, 38s. to 39s. 3d. Dark : good body, 40s. 6d. : rather greasy, 39s. 6d. Very dark, 38s. 9d. to 39s. 6d. ; very dark and very greasy, 36s. to 37s. Inferior, 33s. to 34s. 6d.-Import, 539 casks. Present stock, 348 casks.
NEW SOUTH WALES HIDES.-In the early part of the month, a parcel of extra good cured and quality realised 4^d. per lb., which is an advance of a £d. to a ¿d. per lb. ; fair qualities have advanced M. to ¿d. per lb. ; but in the
middling and inferior descriptions no improve-
ment can yet be noticed. The sales are 6607 hides :-best heavy : prime, 55 lb., 4^d. ; ditto, good, 49 to 58* lb., 3Ad. to 3Jd. ; ditto, com- mon, 49 to 62£ lb.. 3*d. to 3|d. Best light: good, 424- to 46 lb., 3fd. to 3fd. ; ditto, com- mon, 32* to Hi lb., 2|d. to 3¿d. 2nd class : damaged, 2d. to 3d. per lb.-Import, 5796 hides. Present stock, 3121 hides.
SHEEP SKINS.-The only sale to notice is about 4000 New South Wales skins, which brought fair to good prices, viz. :-Mostly shorn, dirty and greasy, 75 lb., 44s. ; shorn, ditto ditto, 51 to 60 lb., 24s. 6d. to 36s. ; ditto, 36 to 42 lb., 22s. to 29s. ÄLambs : shorn,
dirty, and greasy, 21s. to 23s. per dozen. Kidd and lamb skins continue dull, and no sales are reported during the month.
BONES.-The sales of common are trifling, and the value 2s. 6d. to 5s. lower than last month. Shanks are wanted, and in good demand. The only sales to notice are 22 tons Rio Grande cattle : shanks, ¡£7 ; common, £4 15s. 8 tons of New South Wales : common, £4 15s. per ton.-From Good and Rigg's
Circular, May 30.
(From the Sydney Atlas, October 10.)
Epsom Races commenced on Tuesday, May 26. The Craven Stakes, of 10 sovs. each, were won by Mr. E. Peel's Spithead, ridden by Kitchener. The Woodcote Stakes, of 10 sovs., with 100 added, were gained by Mr. E. R. Clarke's Miles's Boy, ridden by E. Edwards; and the Manor Stakes, of 5 sovs. each, with 40 added, were won by Sir George Heathcote's Campanile, ridden by Chapple. Mr. Shelley's Tit-bit won the Horton Stakes, of 3 sovs. each, with 30 added ; Sharpe was the rider.
Wednesday was the " Derby " day. The Derby Stakes, of 50 sovs. each, 193 sub- scribers, were won by Mr. Gully's Pyrrhus the First, ridden by S. Day. Mr. W. Scott's Sir Tatton Sykes, ridden by W. Scott, was second; and General Shubrick's Brocardo third. Twenty-four others started, but were not placed. The race was run in 2 minutes 55 seconds. The succeeding races of this day attracted little notice ; but the following were the winners. The Carew Stakes, of 5 sovs. each, with 30 added, Mr. Mostyn's c. by Hetmán Platoff; the Polesdon Stakes, of 5 sovs. each, with 30 added, Mr. Drewett's Prudence; the Burgh Stakes, of 5sovs. each, with 30 added, Mr. Cooper's Caen.
On Thursday there was a small attendance of visitors. The winners were these : Epsom Four-year-old Stakes, Mr. Ford's Fusbos; the Durdans Stakes, of 10 sovs. each, Mr. T. Dawson's Grimston; the Grand Stand Plate, of 200 sovs., Mr. Merry's br. c. by Don John ; the Cobham Stakes, of 5 sovs. each, Mr. Booth's Tit-bit; the Walton Stakes, of 3 sovs. each, Mr. Parr's Slipshod.
On Friday there was a good attendance for the Oaks. There were 140 subscribers, and twenty-four horses ran. The winner was Mr. Gully's Mendicant. Mr. Watt's Laun drymaid was second, and Lord Glasgow's f. by Retriever third.
(From our own Files.)
THE UNITED STATES AND MEXICO.
The Cambria brought the important in- telligence that the United States had de- clared war against Mexico. The President's formal proclamation was dated the 13th of May. On the 11th he transmitted a message to Congress, which was immediately acted upon. Both branches, by overwhelming majorities, declared in favour of recognising a war against Mexico, and in providing means for its energetic prosecution. The regular army was increased to about 15,000 men ; a special War Bill authorised an addi- tional force of 50,000 men, to be placed at the disposal of the President ; and 10,000,000 dollars were appropriated for the payment of the troops. The naval force was increased in an equal ratio. The utmost excitement prevailed throughout the Union, and in the southern states large companies of volunteers wpre being funned to march to the relief of the army on the Rio dpi Norte. Great fears were entprtained throughout the commercial classe« that the Mexican government would issue letters of marque. The American jour- nals are far from being unanimous in support of the nggrpssivp war sanctioned by Congress. The circumstances which are the immediate causps of the declaration of war are thus de-
tailed in the New Orleans Picayune of the 2nd May :-" Deplorable News from the Army.-Colonel Charles Doane arrived in this city at an early hour yesterday morning
from Brazos, Santiago, which place he left i on the 28th ultimo, in the steam schooner Augusta. Sixty miles west of the S.W. Pass
he was transferred to the steamer Galveston. |
He is the bearer of important despatches from Genpral Taylor, and of a requisition upon the Governor of Louisiana for four regiments. The previous news received, that the Mexicans had crossed the Rio Grande, is fully confirmed, and a detachment of American troops has been cut off. But for the details we refer to the following account of operations kindly furnished us by Colonel Doane. On Thursday evening, 23rd instant, General Taylor received information that a body of the Mexican army had crossed to the east side of the Rio Grande, at a point some twenty miles above his encampment. Early on the following morning he despatched Captains Thornton and Hardee, of the 2nd Regiment Dragoons, with a detachment of 70 men, to examine the country above, and Captain Kerr, of the same regiment, with a company to examine the country below the" encampment. The latter returned to camp without having made any discovery of Mexi- cans. The former, however, fell in with what he considered to be a scouting party of the enemy, but which proved to be the ad- vance-guard of a very strong body of the enemy, who were posted in the chaparral, immediately in the rear of General Taylor's camp. Captain Thornton, contrary to the advice of his Mexican guide, charged upon the guard, who retreated towards the main body, followed by Captain Thornton, when in an instant he found himself and command
surrounded by the enemy, who fired upon him, killing, as is supposed, Capt. Thornton, Lieutenants Kane and Mason, and some 26 of the men, and taking Captain Hardee and the remainder of the command prisoners. The Mexican commander sent into General Taylor's camp a cart, with a soldier badly wounded, with a message that he had no travelling hospital with him, and could not, therefore, render the soldier the assistance which his situation required. It is supposed that the detachment of the enemy on the east side of the Rio Grande consists of at least 2,500 men, under the command of Colonels Carusco and Carrabaja, both old and experienced officers, and that their object is to cut off all communication between General Taylor and Point Isabel, the depot of provisions. In the execution of this ob- ject they have fully succeeded, and have thereby placed the American anny in a most dangerous position, as it will be utterly im- possible for General Taylor, with the limited number of men now under his command, say 2,300, to force hi« way through the dense chapparal in which the enemy are already strongly posted. On the 22nd, General Taylor received from General Ampudia, by means of a flag of truce, a communication in very offensive terms, complaining of his having blockaded the Rio Grande ; to which he re- plied, that General Ampudia had himself been the cause of the blockade, in having expressly declared that, unless General Taylor commenced his retreat behind the Neuces within twenty-four after his displaying his flag upon the left bank of the Rio Grande, he would consider war as being declared, and would act accordingly. General Taylor fur- thermore stated that he would receive no further communications from the Mexican commander, unless couched in language more respectful towards the government and people of the United States. General Tay- lor's position in the rear of Matamoros is sufficiently strong to withstand successfully an attack of the whole Mexican force, and
commands the town, which, with the bat- teries already mounted, could be rased to the ground in an hour's time. General Taylor has in camp full rations for fifteen days, which he thinks can be made to last thirty days, by which time he is in hopes to receive large reinforcements from Texas and Lou- isiana; upon each of which states he has made a requisition for the immediate equip- ment and transmission to Point Isabel of four full regiments of militia. It is thought by the superior officers of General Taylor's army that 20,000 men will be required within a very short period, as it is well known that the Mexican army is daily receiving rein- forcements from the-'interior. It was sup- posed by the American officers that General Arista reached Matamoros on the evening of the 22nd ult., with a brigade ; but up to the period of the writer's leaving camp, no com- munication had been received by General Taylor from General Arista. Subsequently to his leaving the camp on the 26th ultimo, Colonel Doane learned that General Arista addressed a polite note to General Taylor, informing him that he, Arista, had assumed the command of the Mexican forces." Colonial Gazette, May 30.
PARLIAMENTARY.-Sir R. Peel, on Friday, May 29, in moving that the house, at its rising, do adjourn to Friday next, stated that on that day he should propose to proceed with supply. On the Monday following he should move the second reading of the Pro- tection of Life in Ireland Bill ; and on Fri- day, the 12th June, he should bring forward the question of the Sugar Duties. In answer to questions from various bon. members, the Right Hon. Baronet said that he would fix an early day for proceeding with the Poor Removal Bill. It was ultimately, at the suggestion of Sir James Graham, arranged that the Poor Removal Bill should be taken on Friday, and the motion was agreed to. In answer to Mr. Hume, Sir R. Peel stated that the American President had given notice to the British government of the termination of the Oregon convention of 1827, and he had given the notice in the terms agreed on by both houses of the American legislature, in the hope that it might lead to an amicable settlement of the question.-Sun, May 30.
PORTUGAL.-A letter from Lisbon, dated May 8th, says that the Cabrai Ministry is at au end in Portugal. The Ministers on the 17th tendered their resignation to the Queen, which wasaccepted. Her Majesty h as charged Count Villa Real, whose son is chief of the revolutionary junta of Tras-os-Montez, with the formation of a new Cabinet. It was, however, the general opinion that the efforts of Count Villa Real would prove unsuccessful, in which case the Duke of Palmella would
probably be called on by the Queen to form a Ministry. Jose Cabrai had returned to Lisbon from Oporto, where several conflicts had taken place between the troops and the people, which ended in the greater part of the army fraternizing with the revolutionists. -Sun, May 30.
SEIUOUS CONFLAGRATION IN CANADA. The Quebec Gazette of the 11th of May gives an account of a direful calamity that had fallen on a new settlement:-"A serious misfortune has befallen the new settlements of Grand Bay, in the Saguenay. The settlers on the river Chez Marse were clearing their lands and burning; the drought was great; and on Tuesday, the 4th instant, the wind coming on to blow furiously, the fiâmes were carried along the settlement, destroying houses, barns, cattle, the seed grain, imple- ments of husbandry, &c; and, reaching the village at the rher, destroyed the whole there, the church, and the two mills at the mouth of the stream ; and continuing a mile further round the bay, to the Grand Bay Village, destroyed all these except the church, Presbytère, and William Price and Co.'s stores and houses, and a few houses south of them; leaving about 3,000 souls, men, women, and children, without houses, or the means of sowing their lands."-The Governor General sent down a message to the house on the 11th, informing it that he had taken measures to distribute rations
among the sufferers; and recommending it to take into consideration the propriety of granting pecuniary relief.-Colonial Gazette, May 30.