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IN 1843.

The following summary of horses that have won the greatest number of races or the largest amount of stakes in England, Scotland, and Wales during the year 1843 has been compiled from a Supplement to Bell's Life in London of

the 7th January last:

Alice Hawthorn, 5 years, by Muley Moloch,

Mr. Plummer's:-60l. and the Q.P. at Man- chester, Cup Stakes of 40l. and Q.P. at Lancaster, Q.P. and 116l. at Newcastle, Q.P. at Liverpool, Q.P. at York August, 230l. at Stockton, the Cup (value 300l.) and 1001. at Doncaster, Staffordshire Stakes of 215l. and Q.P. at Lichfield, Q.P. at Nottingham, Q.P. and Cup Stakes of 80l. at Richmond, Q.P. at Northampton, Cup Stakes of 60l. at Northal- lerton : 18 races-value 2051l.

Aristotle, 4 years, by Physician, Mr. Meiklam's -The Trade Cup of 230l. at Manchester, the Manor Cup of 1001. with 160l. and the Bo- rough Cup of 100l. with 175l. at Newton, the Trade Cup of 200l. with 1185l. at Liverpool, and the Gloucestershire Stakes of 395l. at Tewkesbury : 5 races-value 2545l.

Bcn-y-Ghlo, 3 years, by Emilius, Mr. J. Day's -160l. at Coventry, 170l. at Warwick S., 50l. at Bibury Club, the Q.P. at Winchester, the Q.P. at Goodwood, and a Cup Stakes of 125l. at Warwick : 6 races-value 715l.

Cattonite, 3 years, by Muley Moloch, Mr.

Holmes's:-The Cup with 175l. and 50l. at Croxton Park (Mr. Collett's), Q.P. at Shrews- bury, Cup Stakes of 60l. at Ludlow, 50l. at Worcester, 100l. at Tewksbury, 110l. at Dudley and Tipton, 60l. at Warwick, and Cup Stakes of 80l. at Leicester : 9 races-value 890l.

Cornopean, 3 years, by Elis, Duke of Richmond's   -200Z. at Bibury Club, 250l. at Stockbridge, 500l. at Liverpool July, 300l. and 100l. at Salisbury : 5 races-value 1350l.

Cotherstone, 3 years, by Touchstone, Mr. Bowes's -The Riddlesworth of 900l. and the Column of 900l. in the Newmarket C. ; 2000 Guineas Stakes of 1350l., the Derby Slakes of 4200l., the Gratwicke Stakes of 2150l. at Goodwood, 2000l. at Doncaster, and the Royal-Stakes of 1265l. at Newmarket S.O. : 7 races-value 12,765l.

The Cure, 2 years, by Physician, Mr. Salvin's:

80l. at Catterick, 41l. at Durham, 90l. at Stockton, and the Champagne Stakes of 950l.

at Doncaster: 4 races-value 1161l.

Evenus, 3 years, by Alpheus, Lord Strndbroke's : -100l. at Newmarket C., the Newmarket Stakes of 650l. at the F.S., 170l. at Gorhain bury, 100l. at Epsom, twice 100l. at New- market S.O., and 100l. at the Hough : 7 races

-value 1320l.

Gaper, 3 years, by Bay Middleton, Lord G.

Bentinok's :-350l. and 1000l. at Newmarket C, 550l. at Winchester, 650l. at Liverpool July, 375l. at County of Dorset, Guy Stakes of 425l. at Warwick, and the St. Leger of 250l. at Newmarket F.O. : 7 races-value


Hooton, 3 years, by Despot, Mr. Patten's :-44l.

and 56l. at Lancaster, Cup Stakes of 110l. at Stourbridge, 55l. at Hooton, 117l. at Walsall, 50l. at Nottingham, and the Cup Stakes of 170l. and 70l. at Knutsford: 8 races-value


Knight of the Wliistle, 5 years, by Velocipede,

Lord Chesterfield's:-the Granby Handicap of 465l. at Croxton Park, the Royal Hunt Cup value 200l. with 420l. at Ascot, 215l. at Hampton, 165l. at Doncaster, and 45l. at Newmarket H. : 5 races-value 1510l.

Ma Mie, 4 years, by Jerry, Mr. Newton's :

The Cup Stakes of 40l. at Newmarket, Q.P. at Newmarket F.S., Q.P. at Hampton, 55l. at Leicester, Q.P. at Bedford, 50l. and a Q.P. at Newmarket F.O., and the Audley End Stakes of 280l. at Newmarket H : 8 races-value


Mania, 4 years, by Muley Moloch, Mr. Payne's : -half the Drawing Room Stakes of 1020l. with Parthian, and the Nassau Stakes of 750l. at Goodwood, 300l. at Doncaster, twice 100l. at Newmarket S.O., and twice 200l. in the Houghton : 6½ races-value 2160l.

Napier, 3 years, by Gladiator, Colonel Anson's:

500l. at Ascot, 150l. and the St. Leger of 600l. at Liverpool, 160l. and Racing Stakes of 1250l. at Goodwood : 5 races-value 2660l.

Newcourt, 3 years, by Sir Hercules, Mr.

Griffith's :-90l. at Worcester, 100l. at Good- wood, 205l. at Wolverhampton, 165l. at Hereford, St. Leger of 70l. at Warwick, and 120l. at Newmarket H. : 6 races-value 750l. Nutwith, 3 years, by Tomboy, Mr. S. Wrather's : -the St. Leger of 3110l, at Doncaster: 1

race-value 3110l.

Philip, 3 years, by Jereed, Mr. Meiklam's :

90l. at Manchester, 140l. at Newton, St. Leger of 120l. and 70l. at Wolverhampton, 40l. at York August, the Cup value 100l. at Stockton, and 60l. at Nottingham : 7 races-value 620l. Poison, 3 years, by Plenipotentiary, Mr. Ford's : -the Oak Stakes of 2600l. at Epsom, and

115l. at Ascot : 2 races-value 2715l.

Pompey, 3 years, by Emilius, Lord Eglinton's:

The Great Yorkshire Handicap of 870l. at Doncaster, the St. Leger of 125l. at the Cale- donian Hunt (Ayr), the Roxburgh Cup value 200l. with 70l. at Kelso, and the Q.P. at Edin- burgh : 4 races-value 1370l.

Prizefighter, 3 years, by Gladiator, Lord Ches-

terfield's :-80l. at Chester, and the Great Yorkshire Stakes of 790l. at York A. : 2 races

-value 870l.

Rochester, 4 years, by Rockingham, Mr. Col

lins's:-The Cup Stakes of 345l. at Dudley and Tipton, 40l. at Warwick, the Leicestershire Handicap of 260l. at Leicester, Cup Stakes of 60l. at Lichfield, Cup Stakes of 90l. at Oswestry, Cup Stakes of 90l. at Wrexham, and the Cup of 100l. with 75l. at Nottingham :

7 races-value 1060l.

St. Lawrence, 6 years, by Skylark or Lapwing,

Mr. J. Day's :-135l. at Newmarket C, cup Stake of 195l. at Bibury Club, the Trade Cup of 210l. at Tewkesbury, the Welter Stakes of 200l. and 90l. at Goodwood, Q. P. and Cup Stakes of 70l. at Salisbury, Q. P. at Egham, Q. P. at Weymouth, Q. P. at Warwick, Q. P. at Liecester, and 50l. at Newmarket S.O. : 12 races-value 1475l.

Semiseria, 3 years, by Voltaire, Mr. Jacques's :

160l. and 410l. at Liverpool July, 120l. at

Doncaster, 130l. and 50l. at Richmond, and 100l. at Newmarket H: 6 races-value 970l.

The Shadow, 5 years, by the Saddler, Mr.

Ramsey's :-The Irvine Cup of 280l. at Eglinton Park, 50 guineas, a cup of 50l.   with 20l., and the Silver Bells with 50l., at Paisley, 50l. and a cup of 50l. with 10l. at Sterling, two 50l. at Perth, the Ayr Cup of 120 guineas, 115l., and Q. P. at the Caledonian Hunt (Ayr), and Cup Stakes of 70l. at Dum- fries : 12 races-value 1078l. 10s., besides the

silver bells.

William le Gros, 4 years, by Velocipede, Mr. H. Johnstone's :-70l. and the Stewards' Cup Handicap of 260l. at Eglinton Park, 40l. 10s. at Paisley, 59l. at Sterling, 50l. and 125l. at the Caledonian Hunt (Ayr), 140l. and 46l. .at Kelso, the Cumberland Plate of 95l. and Q. P. at Carlisle : 10 races-value 990l. 10s.

Zenobia, 2 years, by Slane, Col. Peel's :-200l.

at Newmarket, S.S., the Clearwell of 740l. at Newmarket S.O., and 150l. at the Houghton :

3 races-value 1090l.

It is computed by qualified authorities that the annual loss of life from filth and bad ventila- tion is greater than the loss from death or wounds in any modern wars in which this country has been engaged. The Poor Law Commis- sioners state, that " of the 43,000 cases of widow- hood, and the 112,000 cases of destitute orphan- age, relieved from the poor's rates of England and Wales alone, it appears that the greatest proportion of deaths of the heads of families occurred from disease propogated by removeable


The project for forming a canal to unite the Pacific with the Atlantic Ocean has recently

attracted a good deal of attention, not only   here but in France, and various statements have been in circulation as to parties of high standing being disposed to undertake the import- ant work. It was asserted by some of our Parisian contemporaries, that Messrs. Barings intended to come forward in the matter; but this has since been denied, though we have no doubt, from the well known enterprise and liberality of that distinguished firm, that the most decided co-operation and aid would be afforded to any really influential body of men having a reasonable and not too costly plan in view. After all, however, such an important matter as this should hardly be left to private enterprise; and if the European and foreign governments most interested would but agree upon a plan, the expense would be a minor consideration, divided among so many. Our French contemporaries state that private letters received from Mexico allude to an order given by Santa Anna to form a prison for 300 male- factors, who are to be employed in the construc- tion of a canal across the Isthmus Tehuantepec. Should this prove correct, the President will so far have shown himself to have been in advance of his neighbours. It is almost impossible to estimate the eventual result of such a new channel of communication to the western coast of North and South America, and not the least interesting feature would doubtless be the additional value imparted to the Oregon territory.-Globe.

FRENCH FOREIGN POLICY.-Our lively neigh- bours are preparing a most formidable visitation to China. A 50 gun frigate and steamer of 220 horse-power are to carry out a special mission ; and to be accompanied by a "station maritime qui va explorer les côtes de la Chine," consisting of another 50-gun frigate, two 30-gun and one 24-gun corvettes, and a tender. The mission is composed of an envoy extraordinary and a plenipotentiary, two secretaries, six attaches, an inspector of the customs, a professor of Medicine, and commercial delegates from Paris, Elbuef, and Mulhouse.-Leeds Mercury.

A railway to the moon will no longer be considered a joke; for we read in the last Jamaica papers that a bill was in progress before the House of Assembly there for " a railway between Kingston and Spanish Town, and from thence to the Angels."

INCENDIARISM.-It is painful to observe from the provincial papers, that incendiary fires are becoming alarmingly frequent in the counties of Suffolk, Essex, and Norfolk, which have been attended with the loss of a good deal of personal and agricultural property, and also with the loss of a large portion of live stock. The local magistrates are making every effort to discover the perpetrators of these outrages, which admit of no possible extenuation.-Bell's Life.

Lord Jeffrey says, he was informed the other day, by Mr. Cadell, that he had sold not less than sixty thousand volumes of the Waverly novels in the course of last year ! And that the demand for them, instead of slackening, had been for some time sensibly on the increase.

The only prisoner in the Nantucket gaol has given the sheriff notice, that unless the gaol is put in a more comfortable condition, he will go out. The door, he says, has no latch, and he has hard work to keep himself confined. Boston Paper.


moth steam-ship Great Britain is at length definitively appointed to proceed on her first voyage from England to New York on the 26th of May next. Some conception of the vastness of her size may be formed from the fact that her burden is 3,500 tons, and her engines 1000 horse power, whilst those of her sister ship, the Great Western, are respectively 1600 and 400.

The French government are pushing their Atlantic steamers towards completion at a rapid ratE, for the purpose of an early start in the spring. Four of them will be ready to leave Havre when the Great Western and Great Britain leave Liverpool. Eleven steam ships will, therefore, be employed in 1844 in running from Liverpool and Havre to New York.

A lady writes to a friend in Dumfries, that a draft sent by her brother in India came safely to hand through the post-office, after having been at the bottom of the sea in the Memnon, although the seal was so completely wasted along with the paper adjoining that the letter was in fact quite open.

A SINGULAR CONFLICT.-A gentleman in Northallerton has had for some time in his possession a tame lion, which has always been considered perfectly harmless. A few nights since he broke his chain, and while perambulating the town, came in contact with a ferocious bull mastiff, the property of a late knight of the cleaver. A battle instantly commenced, when the roaring of the lion and the howling of the dog called forth a large party of all sorts, and as customary backers on both sides. "Well done, lion," " Hey at him, Simple," the name of the dog. For some time the victory was doubt- ful, but at length the dog, by a singular manoeuvre, threw the lion on his back, and commenced a furious grasp at the poor animal's throat, and would soon have dispatched him, had he not been rescued by the bystanders.

COAL TAR AND AMANURE.-A communication   was read at the Bath Agricultural Society on the subject of the value of coal tar as a manure. The writer stated that, in 1839, he published his experience on the subject : be had now used it as a manure for seven years, and had never known it lo fail, when properly applied. By means of a water cart, he distributed over his wheat stubble 190 gallons to the acre, allowing it to remain there two or three months in the autumn before being ploughed in. Its cost was a half-penny a gallon. It was economical and valuable for carrots, turnips, potatoes, and all roots. He had tried it on seeds, but not with equal advantage on wheat. It was very useful on a cold sandy loam, resting on a marl forma- tion ; next to that, a deep clay land was best ; but its least beneficial effects have been upon soil resting upon an oolite formation.

A report by Secretary Upshur, on the com- merce of the United States, is well worthy of attention. It mentions the proposal of the German Union to greatly reduce its tobacco duty, which is contrasted with the conduct of England in placing 800 per cent duty on the article. The Sound duties, levied by Denmark, are reprobated, and Congress is invited to take some decisive steps to put an end to their exaction. A repeal or discontinuance of the reciprocity navigation treaties with the northern powers of Europe is recommended, on the ground that those nations can sail their vessels cheaper than the Americans, and, therefore, should not be admitted to the same privileges. The proportion between American and foreign shipping in the trade of the United States was shown to be much changed ; instead of being in the proportion of 82 to l8, as it was twelve years ago, American shipping is now to foreign as 70 to 30.-Atlas, January 13.

Capture of a Panther in Mississippi by a Boy.-The following appears in the Vichsburg Whig. The account is from a correspondent, who dates his communication Clear Creek, Warren county, Nov. 21, 1843. " I heard, on Sunday last, one of the most daring feats of bravery in a youth of twelve years of age now on record. On Friday morning Aquila Whitaker, son of Isaac Whitaker, Esq., started out hunting about day break. He had not gone far before his dogs broke out in a fine cry, and ran about a quarter of a mile, and treed. He approached the tree and saw something which he supposed at first was a large coon. After getting a fair view he raised his gun and fired : this made the animal very uneasy. In a few moments he shot him with the other barrel. His ammunition was now out, and he saw from

the size that it was no coon. He had a small   negro boy about eight years old with him, whom he sent home for more ammunition, but, before the boy had gone far, the panther began to get uneasy and sprang from the tree on one of his favourite dogs. He knew in a moment that it was a panther, (as he says he had seen them in shows and read of them in history) and, soon as it caught his dog, he seized a large stick of wood, as much as he could manage well, and struck it with all his might across its back ; at the same time his other dogs began to fight, and, before the negro boy returned with the powder and shot, they had conquered the panther. It measured 7 feet 8 inches in length from tip to tip, its claws were from an inch to an inch and a half in length, and as sharp as a cat's."

The Berlin Gazette states that an order has been issued by the Court of Russia, forbidding the public functionaries of the Russian pro- vinces of the Baltic to wear either beard or