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? --. ? CAMDEN HARBOUR.

The following interesting Reports from Mr Shall, Government Resident at Port Camdea, have been obligingly forwarded to us for publication : — Government Residanfs Office, Port Camden, May 20, 1865. Sib, — I have the hemr to inform you that- tbe Jeatiie Oswald, of Melbourne, arrived at this port on the 10th inst.. with 5 cabin passengers, 40 horses, 60

sheep, 2 cows, some dogs, goats, aud poultry. Of tbe passengers, three proceed to Sourabaya with the vessel, aud all the stock except one maie. The vessel will sail, 1 am informed, to-morrow morning, and by her 1 shall forward a small mail. His Excellency the Governor will be glad to hear that since the departure of the Tien Tsin on the 20th March, the general health of the camp has been good; I, however, regret to report one death, tbe native constable Jimba having died from disease- of the lungs on the 17th inst. He was buried at Sheep Island on the following day. He had been ailing for some time, and his death was long expected. It ap pears that he was thrown froxj a horse some time ago, and received a blow on the left breast, causing serious injury at tbe time ; subsequently, while a prisoner at Rottnest, he received a blow in- the same part of his body, and was again very ill. Duriug the -early days of our stay in this place he complained of cough, which was treated with simple remedies, but the disease assumed a metre aggravated iorui, and after enduring much agony, he *xpired. The other mem bers of our party. have had excellent health. We have not had a case of fever, slight diarrhoea, coughs, and ophthalmia, of a mild type, being the only complaints. The festering isores, boils, &c., of which I took note iu my letter of the 17th March, dis appeared updo the approach of cooler weatber. The case of the pensioner referred to in my former letter, has' resulted favourably, thanks to Mr Chamberlain's incessant attention,' Mortification took place,' and it was necessary to remove a large piece of the dead flesh. The Wound is now nearly healed, and the patient able to move about with the -aid of crutches. Taking info consideration the heat of the climate and the nature of tbe food we, as a matter of course, have to consume, the result is as surprising as satisfactory. ? ' In the camp occupied by the members of the late Camden Harbour A&Jciation (for it no longer exists, the property having been equally divided) there has' been more sickness, febrile diseases, as might be expected from the situation, being prevalent. I regret to state that Mr Meaden, one of the principal members' of the late Association, yesterday fell » victim to fever of a typhoid character, after a. few days'9 DIuess. He 'was buried at Association Camp yesterday afternoon at 4 p.m., having died on the morning of the same day at 6 a.m. My chief source of anxiety, and my first fare, after the departure of the Tien Tsin, was the supply of water. In my letter of the 17th March I stated that we were sinking a well in the camp, - and that should that fail, I would deepen the water-holesand form tanks, while, as a dernier ressort, a raft would be con structed, and water brought from .Augustus Island. As early* as Che 22nd March it became apparent that uiiless we had -a heavy fall of rain, our water-holes would not supply the party for more than a fortnight or three weeks. Finding tliat no rain had fallen, qp to the 28th of the month, and. that the ranking of the well through almost solid rock was too slow a i process* with our indifferent boring tools, I had thai work suspended, after the men had got down about 12 feet, and set a party to work at tbe base -of a hill some fifty: yards in tisa rear ? of the water-holes,' soft. where; in the cavity of the rocks, there was some ;wate*v*pperently -supplied by. & spring. A *erf, few days' work convinced me that we should obtainji good supply of water, but iu the Tnaaip-jnip casks were

coflee^'find a xaft tt^Tiflve^^b^vlranieaa-flJ ' fi& Wj&.- TM'weH,^ ra€her ^M^-r^^Ms - ^'d^epl#^nT&!|M;-a|}a'^i^l3ie- Jftfe lettgtSi .-'*: t^Jas^.i^f^r^jnockr^avi^^b^ b!asfa3dv«^i&^ ? previous day, JBi^ee *3aj^ ^Npseil* b^keifeyas pu£ - and since ibat ' time, though Our daily c6t&umption - exceeds' ' 200 gallons— the Btock1 can get' water » short dist8i.ce&oin;tiBe.re«np-^it is orerfiewing each ! morning. The water, is of excellent .quality,^ The * well has been roughly ropfedqver, arid, a Atone wall - placed round' it to Iceep away' horses and dogs. - Since the sarival .of thie; Jedme Oswdld, Mfk have i supplied her wife Efficient -water for idaily coasajap- 3 tiou— and the has 20 horses on board. . ' An- attempt i was made «to .water the ship for consumption on; her i voyage, .but. the removal of 800 gallons in one day ] so redeced our quantity, that I had to stop thbsapply * and limit the qoantity to four hogsheads -One 'day Mid t two the next. They got the remainder from Augustus Island. ? ,; / ;? ? ,?? ??? ' .-'??..-.-- . ..? -N ] . VVe have Joad no intercoBrse ?with the natives at 3 our camp, bat they have visited us without osr i knowledge, and certainly without our consent. On ; the morning of the 23rd March a boat, the property ; of Assistant Surveyor Gowie, was reported n&sfog. 1 It was found that the rope by which she was moored 1 was cut through by apparently a sharper instrument , than we supposed the natives to possess. We did i not suspect them, but thought it was done by some ' white man. Every enquiry was made, but no clue 1 could be obtained. Tbe sentry stated that, he thought he .heard the dash of oars in the distauce - at about 12 or 1 o'clock on that night, and in tlie ' direction of another encampmeut. . The Government ' boat was sent to Augustus Island, Mr T.C ShoH - being in charge. He was directed to examine the - various inlets aud mangrove creeks, in- case the boat 1 might have been concealed in that direction. He reported on his return, that he proceeded through ' Rogers' Straits, 'where the current' was eo strong ' that notwithstanding a fair breeze of moderate ; strength and. three oacB'Out, it was as much bs they ' could do toiuold, their own until the tide changed. Landing at the watering place on Augustus Island, ? they went up the ravine through which tbe stream passes, and halted to light a 'fire aud make ' tea. ' They were disturbed by a large stone crashing among the trees, and which had been thrown from -the height above them. At the same time the natives ; commenced to coo-ee in alt directions. They went - towards the boat and shouted iu reply, when some ' eight or nine natives appeared on the crest of the hill,; one of them, braver than the rest, came down— a Sue-looking man, about 6 feet high, black as ebony, and with a skin tbat shone in the. suit. He was armed with a spear and a club. His hair was dressed differently from the others, and he seemed to be one in authority, fie came forward with friendly tones and gestures. They were in the boat at the time, : and brought it towards the shore, but when they did - this the native retreated, but leisurely— not in fear. The boat party threw him some odds and ends which were in the boat and also a piece of damper, which he picked up as the boat put off. Thinking, tins would, be a good opportunity to open ?communication with the natives, I proceeded next. day to the spot. As we came close to the island and shouted, the natives responded, but when we landed they would neither answer us, nor could we see them. After being on shore about an hour, I had a small looking glass and other presents tied to the mangroves, and went away. As we were going off, we saw two or 1 three on the top of the hill (about 100 feet high, almost precipitous), one of whom was seated on a rock, as motionless as if he were a bit of carved marble. We coo-eed, but they did not reply until we were fairly off, and then the whole island seemed alive, shouts hear and distant being heard in all directions. Three times since then have I attempted to meet with them, but that was the only opportunity I have had of ever seeing an aboriginal inhabitant of North- West Australia. Some of the settlers, however, saw the looking-glass in the possession of one of them ; so the presents reached their intended destination. Ou the night of the 30th March the sentry woke me, saying that the Government boat was moving from her moorings, and asked whether he should fire. At first I refused permission, but seeing the boat drifting away, and knowing how essential it was to us, especially at this time, when our supply of water was tailing, aud it was possible that wc-iuight li.Lve to depend upon f-Jie Iwat for towing the »v^ter-ruft from Augustus Islaud, I, with regret, gave the order to fire. Several rounds were fired by the guard ; something was seen to go through the water to a point of laud some fifty yards from where the boat then was, and tbe boat itself ceased to move. VVe attempted to haul in the surf-boat, but this was a work of time, one of the ropes having been cut, aud it was necessary to swim out to her. I sent Corporal Benson in the surf-boat to recover the pinnace, and when she was brought back, sent Benson to visit the settlers' camps, while I went to examine the neigh bouring creek. Neither party were successful in ascertaining what persons had attempted the act, nor in what manner they had done so. The next morn ing, however, the native constable Billy reported that he had seen the tracks of many natives around the camp,, and he showed where two parties tad gone along the beach — one towards the dingy, and the other towards tbe pinnace. We had nearly lost both boats, and had cue dingy been moored out in ordi nary manner, she must have gone, but the double rope saved her. This, as well as the chain and anchor of the pinnace, was beyond their calculation. They had evidently, finding the chain could not be cut through, walked under the water, carrying the anchor, and occasionally rising to the surface to get air, for their tracks were plain, aud the tide was too high to allow of their heads being above water. The anchor was down when, the boat was recovered, and there was no appearance of any one having got inside the boat. Everything had been arranged carefully and noiselessly, and great credit is due to the sentry — Dnnlop — for his vigilance on the occasion, as the night was dark,' and the movement of the. boat could have been scarcely percept ibis. There could now be no doubt what had become of Mr Cowle's boat ; so immediately after breakfast I dispatched the pinnace 011 a three days' cruise among tbe islands, placing Mr Cowle in cuarge, and sending with him P.C. Gee, the native assistaut Billy, and two hands. On the night of the 3rd April Mr Cowle returned with the mis ung boat. He had proceeded through Rogers' Straits, out at the entrance of Port George the l-ourth, in again by tbe heads of Brecknock Harbor, and it was while coasting along the south shore of Augustus Island, and while in the strait dividing that island from Brecknock' Island, that' he saw and recovered his boat. About a mile above .the watering place he saw a native, who, making signs that the party must not fire, came to the boat and stood about twenty yards offl He was unarmed. Billy landed and shook hands with him, and the native seemed nmcb gratified and amused with BiBy's appearance. He laughed vociferously, took off Billy's cap, felt Ms body and limbs, pulled Ms hair and beard; and looked into his mouth, carefully examining 'his teeth. In reply to signs respecting the missing boat he pointed iu the opposite direction to which they were going, or in the direction of the camp. Leaving the native, they passed the watering place, and about a mile to tbe S.E. saw the boat paddled by natives. They gave chase and got what they were looking for among some mangroves,' the natives jumping out with such expedition, that they left their -paddles and some headless spears behind them. The spear heads — arrow-shaped, and made of quartz and glass— were not found for some time after. The spears were clumsy and heavy; the paddles were made of light wood, and, taking into consideration the tools at the disposal of the natives, not badly made. The boat was uninjured. They did not appreciate the value 0/ the rudder, and converted it into another seat, having nailed it (they had stolen nails among other .articles from the people who landed from t&e * Stag') to two thwarts. When the party went off with tbe boat native coo-ees were heard far and near. During the night of tlie 21st April a boat was stolen from a person named Anderson, who is living near the 'Calliance'r wreck. That boat has not yet been recovered. It., was seen by a watering party' from the 'Jeanie. Oswald' 6a the 19th instant near Augustus . Island. Some natives were on board, using paddles. Encumbered by their water casks, the sailors could not go in chase. Directly I beard the news I despatched Corporal Benson in the dingy, desiring him to anchor during the night, and. inake search, at daylight.' ' He returned the next 4ay, after a fruitless, hunt. The owner of, the boat went with him and two other men. When I last had the honor of . addjgessjng you,' I stated my intention, eoon after the departure of the'

M'.Ms4$£)pk^tbigt^^ t ^UKeatisactonly fiettkd, Imade^rrangemRnta -for ' -Wdenar%^^4,)ef^«amp.4m.tiie lOthof Aprffi. Qur party consisted of Mr. Assistant Surveyor; ^-^fe.wI^aaeomiMi^usfoEthap^ )ar .position, mj&at.pi^.icourpe, jmigbt.be laid jdown; »rrectiy on aegeueKdmap,j.'P^,Ja.ckaman, native :oustable Billy, and chainer Graham. We had 5^ saddle and 3 pack-horses. Messrs. Mc'Rae, Hiad- . laugh, and Hick, three ofthe settlers, accompanied is, with 3 saddle 'and one -pack-hor^e. The party tfere*a[u'wen armed,' and we'took provisadris 'for one - nonth, though it was not tny satehtiou to remain mp 01916 .ptum three weeks, ^unless unforeseen delays thouiaoccujk *' ' ' We took a south-easterly direction to the 'Glenelg,; ivhich we reached on tbe 12th April. About half a, ) nile south of the river I formed my fiirst SepSt,' and l Bwm; thence, -wifli ligh%-equlpped parties, we attempted to force our way through the sandstone ranges. On the 13th we crossed the eastern end of the Wheatley Range, anff' tried all day to get'south, but .after passing over some of the roughest country [ ha$ ever . seen,, and following every valley which ippeare'd practicable, we were unable to make more Suin S or 4 miles due : south, and returned to;c\ep6t satisfied that nothing could be done in that direction, . Onr the r*4th we started vitii fresh horses, th6 jthers having received many :cuts and bruises among the sandstones, and passed round the western end of bhe' Wheafley Range, aud afber toiling through country of a description Ehnilar to that pas ed over in the preceding day,, got upon asmall tract of sandy fcable-land, and were able to pursue oar course* &fter an 'hour's tramp, we came to a river, lowing towards the Glenelg, with rocky cliffs on sitherside. From bank to bank the distance was 82 jrards, but the actual stream of water did not exceed in width 15 or 20 yards. This river I .propose, with Bis TkcceUency's permission, to same the McRae, lifter one of the gentlemen whp accompanied us, and whose' services were of much value to tbe expedition. One of the horses not being in a condition to travel, ere had to return, not having got further than four miles /direct south of the depot, but with every prospect of being able to follow our course, 'i he two days9 journey satisfied us that we were situated on a rocky peninsula, from which we could not get clear, without recroesing the Gleuelg, except by proceeding to the southward and westward. Resting on Saturday, the 15th, and Sunday, the 16th. April, westarted on the 17th, with three days' provisions, and finding an easier path 'through the Wheatley Range to the westward of a detached hill it the 'eastern point, we passed over more practicable country than before, but one -of the horses losing a shoe, it. became necessary to halt at a spot about a ijuarter of a mile from our furthest on Friday. The horse was sent back .to depot and shod, but Billy eould not return with it until night, so we were forced to remain untilthe 18th. : On this day. we steered a course generally to the westward of south- following up the McRae River, which we crossed aad recrossed several times. This river was rock-bound, and it was to avoid the hills, some of them precipitous, that we were compelled to cross so frequently. We camped at night near the source of tbe McRae, in latitude IGdeg. south, and about 19 miles from our depot. Much of the country passed over was rugged, bnt there were occasional patches of table-land. I determined to remove my depot to within a mile or two of this place, and on the 19th we retraced our steps, arriving ia camp at sundown. Rested the horses- on the 20th, and on the 2 1st the whole party moved on and camped at night 011 the right bank ofthe McRae. Our horses are continually losing their shoes, and bur supply of nails being limited, our travels must soon be at an end. Messrs. McRae and Hindhaugh, the only slioers iu the party were kept constantly employed. 'On the 22nd we formed depot No. 2. On the 23rd (Sunday) we rested. Started on the 241b, and pass ing our camp of the 18th, began to descend the range. At the highest point we ascended a hill, and looking south, saw that there were three ranges in our course, the highest being about 25 miles distant arid tbe lowest 5 miles. A lull which we then took to be the Sed Conical Hill, near Doubtful Bay, was sesr*-abcuv H srii=s cvray, iicatuig' W. hy i^. j Muuui Ljell, E. by N. half N., 20 miles; Mount Double Cone, N.W. by S'., 25 miles. Followed a rivulet trending eoutk for about 2 miles, when our further progress was stopped ° by impassable rocks. Mr Hindhaugh reported/ after going ahead on foot, that the stream was joined by a larger one, and that the united waters ran to the westward. We returned towards tbe depot, intending to take a westerly course from that point, and afterwards get southing ; bnt on our way the last horse-shoe nail was expended, and as we were losing on an average a shoe a day, and a shoeless horse in these ranges being equal to an unserviceable if not a lost horse, I determined, with much regret, to return to camp. We accord ingly retraced our steps, and arrived at Camden Harbor on the 28th, losing three more shoes en route. I wiU forward my journal by the first opportunity, and you will be better able to judge of the country passed over by reading the details of our daily work than from the necessarily brief account which I now give. I may state, generally, that from Camden Harbor to the Glenelg the country, after passing over a few stony hills in tbe immediate vicinity of our camp, is undulating, with stony, gravelly and sometimes rocky soiL On the borders of the numerous streams there is alluvial land. There is gsass everywhere, and of every description, upon the hills, in the valleys, and even upon tbe tops of the sandstone ranges. I saw very 'little spinifex, and then only among tbe other wise bare rocks on the summits of the highest' hills south of the Glenelg. We passed through the Hampton Downs, which are all they have been repre sented. Much of the grass in these downs is kangarop-grass; and it is generally of a great height and ofteii a thick sward. '1 here is no undergrowth of brushwood— nothing but grass — good, bad, or indifferent — there it is. I never travelled through as much grass in Western Australia as I have seen between this place and tbe Glenelg. The whole of the country north or south of the Glenelg is lightly timbered. None of the trees, except tie baobab — and they are few aud far between — are of any girth— the largest white gums not exceeding 18 inches diameter. The . trees consist principally of eucalyptus (several varieties), cajeputi, cotton-tree, cork-tree, 'banksia. (south of the Glenelg), box, and, among the ranges, several rruit-trees, which I cannot now describe. lean only say that the flavor .of most of the fruits was abominable. We. saw a few pines among the sandstones, but they were of slight girth. There were few , trees fitted for any other-purpose than firewood, and most of the timber for building and even for fencing will have -to be imported. ' ? . , , ? The country was well watered, creeks and rivulets every two or three miles, and most of them with running water. We had no rai» during the time we were out, and there was 'consequently a marked difference between -the 'appearance of the streams on our outward and homeward journeys. There were no indications of gold on our route, except at a spot 5 miles from this, where it was remarked that tfk country very much resembled Creswick, in Victoria; by two persons 'who had been there. ; It was undulating country, -covered with broken quartz and iron-stone, gravel. It was delightfully cool, especially while We were in tbe sandstone ranges. Our greatest elevation was about '3,0i.-0 feet above the Sea level From the time we left the Glenelg until* we -commenced descending the ranges on the 24th April* we were .going up bill, though gradually- and imperceptibly, . on ^.the; table land. We were much troubled, by mosquitoes at all our ' halting places' north of the Glenelg, and at our ; first) depot, but there were none wbed we commenced ascending the hills. We were, however, troubled by kangaroo-ticks in the ranges, winch tormented both man and beast. Game was' very scarce* at least we did not 6ee much,' although there we're plenty of ia»cks7':espe^ peeially of kangaroo aiid emus. Onft kaugitrtjo, seven : ducks, and a £evr: cockatoos, wgre all we. procured, though several of our party went out for. .the purpose, of hunting. On the Glenelg spine fish were cangbt, but they were liasteless, dtid the1 slfe i was'so^lough, -that t\yey were named ''leather jackets.' ? ? ' We'did not see anative tire or track,' or any inalr' cation whatever thafc-tbtey were in the neighbourhood, Vji^ibpeu there, ijaceo^ ,-.yj „ ,:u- :., ' As far as we went tihere was feed in khandimee.dts; Well as water, and should a fertile plain country he

ibixsAjH) thei-lriwBg-.of. £toc3^ dnsKl&Iid.. 'WSfc4(iHiB ; foKtlHV JrTlftnftli*. ^ntannHi /-r ^wii* nrsfi- dC310t JlOuXlffl^ ' on wiieejscoul^^caverse.- . ..a-, -\. . - ??- -.-.,.'. :^..,;;,' Jlpon imy.^x^.tjfm giad &,$*# ', Jth-t fjreif. : thiq&had gone^n..well^t Jw«mp.^.,Jiaie,Wopd^a. '? storeoottse had jh^e^.finisned^anS. o/^pieflt; a; soiau. : piece of lan^liadbe^nfetic^plw^^ : garden; seeds ., of ev^ry r4espnpj^ou , had jwien jsowj^, and many of them, had germinated, the plants lookr ibg.Verj': Jbeallthy j ^LeVeli ' 'hac! been cojnpleted, awj : was overflowing; then boats 'liad been '. hauled up! ? repaired and painted ; thfe ovens and firf-j^a''''*P.jfaiaflp of basalt, witji. pug cement) . had . been 'cpmibepcei!, and the* bashes around ihecamp tl^oughly cleared off, and all. rnbbisli which bid, ieen accumulatiiig at tbe rear removed.- I was mucb. satiefjed .witU.tbe marjngemeatot the camp and. the cpnduct of all in it during iny absence. . -.„..., ?.... . ?:?'??? .''..'/:' . At IO a.m. ou the morning after our return we received- a visit, from the ,Malay& ,,.!,Sev.eh' jiroaa : entered, the harbour t^ugh.Roge^^StTaits.^jaDd there were about thirty canoes gkimming over t£te water. They. made towards. our camp,, I knew. at once that they were triepang fishers, but having been warned that they occasionally do &. little', piracy, robbery, &c, I thought it advisable to, make a demonstration of strength, and iit all events ibe' pre- pared for any emergency. Everyman iricarap was ordered under arms, and the pensioners posted among the rocks at the laisding-jdace and. well under cover, I sent off the native Billy on horseback with a note to Mr Patterson, one of the settlers, telling turn to have the people at Association Camp under arms, and, if necessary, come to our camp, for mutual assistance and jn-qtection. He came during the day., and said it wonld be inconvenient for them to niove, but they required a few men as a protective force ; I, however, declined to weaken my camp. . As. the proas approached the Union Jack was hoisted, and our camp looked gay and bustling. Five of the proas draw up in. line to the 29.W., about five miles off; one Of the others remained near Sheep Island, and the seventh anchored opposite the camp. Being anxious -to know what, they had on . board, «nd especially to find out whether they iiad any cannon, I went ou board the proa nearest to us. As we were starting a canoe came towards shore with five men; they were unarmed, but I did not care about allow ing them to land and spy out our weakness nntil I had first' seen what they had on board. Went off with my son, p. & Gee find Tompkinson, McLeod and Cofiee— a volunteer crew. As we nenred the proa I 6aw a small Dutch flag. : It was placed on a bamboo and the bamboo stock into the tkatehed deck. ' We got a rope, after making signs that it - was required, and were hauled astern. Getting alongside was a matter of difficulty, as, bamboo, projected: in every direction. I went through a hole like a small window in the quarter, followed by my son and another, and we found ourselves in a den under the deck—over head there was a thatch made of. reeds, and here there *vere about twenty Malays squatted down. Tbe men and cabin were dirty, and the smell very offensive. We sea'ted«6urselres like the Malays, and attempted to make ourselves understood by signs, for none of them Bpoke English. One, who seemed to be the captain, produced from a bamboo case a piece of paper*, written — not printed. It was evidently a clearance hi the Dutch language. It had been signed at three distinct dates— r August and December 18--4, and January 1865. It had an official stamp; with ' Macassar' round the rim. I had not my note-book with me, or I should have made a copy, of the document— and my endeavours .to induce -4he captain to come ashore with the document . were unavailing. In this den there were only three old flint muskets, and I did not see' any qther arms not even a knife. My son, while we were engaged m the' cabin, went over the vessel, and saw another flint musket, In tolerable order, and two of three rusty cannon of small 'calibre. I was therefore satisfied, so far as this proa was concerned, that no mischief could be done. I shook hands with: the captain, and pointed to the boat's ensign, trying to show that we were friends. We gave them a little tobacco which we had with us, and my son gave the captain a penknife, but without the desired effect, for no sooner had we left the vessel than they lifted their auchor— made of wood, with a stone for a sinker, and with a cane cable — rand hoisted their sail (a large rant apparently), and went towards the cutxaTicc of the harbour.' As I did not kuo-jr what the other proas contained, and. there were upwards of 3-)0 men in the canoes and proas, I deemed it pru dent, during the time they remained, to have a waich every night j so I divided tbe camp into parties of seven and eight, and posted sentries round tbe camp. The watches were relieved eveiy two hours, and every half hour each sentry called his number and 'All's welL' This did not continue many nights, for two proas left the following day, two move ou the next dsy, and ou the third day the remaining throe took- their departure. They did not iish much whiie tber were here, and came to blows with the Batives, who drove them away from the watering place. I am told they are in ! he habit of stealing the natives. A Malay boy on board . tbe Jeanie Oswald has seen several of these North Australians »s slaves among the islands. Some of the Malays landed at the CaJliance wreck, and bartered cocoa nuts for blocks, rope, &c. . It was my intention to havegone again to, the Glen elg, but the ariival of the Malays, followed so closely by tbat of the Jeanie O wold, together, (judging froin the Melbourne papers) with the possible arrival of a ship or ships on accouat of the Denison Plains Company, warned me that I must not be away long from camp. So I shall send my son in charge of s small party, desiring him to follow tbe course which we should have pursued, had we not been compelled to mum. Mr Mcltae. and probably other settlers, w 11 accompany 1 he paity. . 1 fear there is not much prospect of settling this plai e from seaward, for although tbe country between this and the Glenelg is first-class, yet tlie large lOO.OOQ-acre blocks absorb the greater portion, and uniess land of the best description is at hand, or parties are satisfied that there is pastoral land to the southward of the ranges, I do not expect any one will remain. Still, in the event of immigration, aud in anticipation 6( the ultimate settlement of the country by the extension of pastoral runs' from the Southern .Settlements, I have fixed upon a spot for the future town of Elliot ? ' ~ ' ? 1 made a more careful examination of the country round the camp of the *' Calliaftce' seamen than I was able to do when I visited it with. Mr Phelps. Sly success in obtaining water at our own camp, made me confident tbat in the lower iand of Calli ance Camp I should have no difficulty. 'Accordingly, after a very slight search, I found water m the immediate vicinity, and am certain that at the depth of ten or twelve feet from the surface it can be obtained anywhere on the proposed townsite. The landing is sot so good as our own, ati-i a ship could not anchor eo uear shore, but then the lauding is better itum any other (except this), and is not bad, while ships of large toaniage could lie much nearer than at Freuiantie. Some of the ground is fitted tor gardens; there is plenty of stone adapted for building (no limestone there «-r ia. £act any where)-, and an outlet is atfordeu to the back country. Near the shore it is rocky, including tbe porlioa I saw with Mr Fhelps. but in a S.K. direction the land first becomes stonyj and afterwards gravelly, H-ith patches of red loam. The place is open to the prevailing winds, and, in the direction 1 have named free from mangrove swamps. I will have tbe outer boundaries defined as soon as possible, leaving its subdivision into allotments ontil there is some prospect of a demand.' Mr Cowle will set about this work ae sooa Jas he- has completed the survey of the harbour; upon' which work he is at present eug.sged. '. , The boundary of our camp has been marked, an-) . the trees impeding a 4ook-out seaward have been eutd.wn. The uiasbu is emplbyerf mating ovens and fire-places, aiid the carpenter .in erecting a shed to work under. The landing place is in course of improvement, eo as to admit of a cart being employed. . ? . ,:''; . . ?;- ; *:-. ?? : ,- Oar garden is looking very wellj xnost ©fthe. se«ds have yielded plants, which seem healthy, especially the melon ttibe. . :'. ..;? ....«,..?.*:. _:.'. '' Nothing more has been, done } by ?; {he AspocuUioB people; and could, they have ins^itirms with t»?fe; master of the Jeanie OswfUd, I have no doubt that the whole, of them' would have le£t:Camdeu tiorbaur,; We have sot had much rain; the weather has been cooler, and the climate moreiehdmable^ittu . th,e: generally flight difference of temperataxa, oight- and day, is a drawback The tbeuncntfeter fciB iwiged-ttB high as J06deg.in mftaa^iaaeiy it »«s»s low ^ Jld^i 401 av«sr^« for thepasawjJMh ht&i ibeen about 85deg. However, whaWteZ%$fe&g$p} mometer may iuuicate, one thing is opha^Hditt

b^rf^-npTovc^f^^^W^^^^pl -' js»en irij*tia:~ ;x-^si^^^0^0^^mS^^i^}:^ aay. p^aiehment. 4io&d order Jsnd ^o^jOaa^m preFMilSf.jand ^e gwund^aroaod ih|»' c^Mjufe few. ^?ep, -though :he4tbj& do, oot^ain ifs-,lw»t Sf »«2- -Tb*v; npwLJwfoijy M^m^^ Xtetorsra^^goodewndilion^ -. ( '^ {^v.* .. Qaptain J)eyiue,.of tLe Jeanie gvtGo&^nforqasnie that he considers the tarbour^ ^ne^.nV-yiiW &fpx fished, i»nd ^ronouD^esVtbe ho^din^ '-g^^^^a ,.-? .-..-. Iliave4hehoM»arjtobe,S]r,w t. ,;;J^ ,...,.? Your most obedient Servant, . V,' To the Hoji.thepoiou^^eG-etary.'- .,/; '.. „'_(.' ;'- * ?-'???* (^^rhmeftt'Eesiaenti'si^ce^'' -- . , \ . Camden Harboto, 5tote%%iJ&6&' Sre,;-^ : wrote hy i\ie Jeanie O«c^j 'winch vessel sailed' for 'Sourabaya on pie' ^Ui ultimo;.'^ I '!'; ^ ;^i , . I )^eg to enclosp copy of that letter, ai^iy-rf' fabtAar returns' of leceipU aiid exp^ditm^ia]sof^a^ie4 per Jeanie Oswald. The Becess^r^ vouches wffltje sent by a 'more safe kLode of conveyance tihan tte present— an open' boat from JuSsm Bay,, jw$ booai for Fremautlel ' *'' . ' ' , S:''i :'!. This boat — The Forlorn Hope — arrived ''is^nh den Harbour on the -^9th ultimo, having left: Adam Bay on ifee 7th ultimo; She b eduwner-rigged, 24 feet long, 5 feet beam, and afgbod '£ea4)^Efc; :B»ere were ieven passengers: Mr -Stow* H&ae iof - the«et- tiers, brother of tbe late AS*orney-t5^eral fortSfi^ilii Australia, and a Magistrate of tbjat-3olenyi;ftleBSrs. Hamilcon and McMinn, surveyors, andl four. labour- ers. They had a fine passage, bo Jar a« weal&er was coacarned, but got npon: the reefs near' 0uj/e 'Botf' gainville, when they broke their rudder, ixifc-ftap]pQy did not otherwise damage the 4wat. -^Bw- eupp^r 3rf provisions was practically exhausted' the : M$ flfeafeife their arrival, for although, after landmg^fcbey idjs-; covered two Kite of meat in the boat, -Sm^ ^jere'-uot previously aware ofthe feet, and bad nothing- to J^Kt, escepi, * little oialenza: ' ' : : -v :. I proffered to Mr Stow and his two -cbmpam&u the rough accommo-Lttiod x-f my ient, which tbey were j^ood enough to accept, and ordered tiie store keeper to issue rations to the men during tb£h*£ta@r in the harbour. .%- ' /' . ? ' ' '*''? V. *-.'5:- They were withput charts, and I spared copi* Mg such as I had in dupficate, while MrMcMnmiotk tracings of others.' '.''/'' ','.'''';.'' ' 'f''.:^ &. rudder, to. replace that which .'was ttrpfeen, Ji heavier anchor than the oue they broj^h^^^^en^ and a binnacle lamp, were maud id our camp.' ; **' I tiierefore hope they Will arrive'safay, ottt air0a season of the year the Voyage is asba^irdousaaitis plucky. ' ' ' ' . ' ~~] .'.,';'.? *.'' .!; '? There being no Custom House at Adam' BSy, Sir/ Stow did oot. bring acJearauce. He wHl^ however, take one from this place. ' '''? ' '' ? *-?? -'* Mr Hamilton took some photographic sketches of the earap, which- are very gjCJod, taking into con sideration jsll disadvantageous /^rrain^qf-finfpg, X-; do not send copies, because I fear ^»*fc the maS^iag rxnay become, wet during the passage. Mr Hamilton .will, however,, I have no dpubt,.be^wi)Ung to. jarnish jpu With copies.. .' .-..-.; .-,?:... -....- \n-i-f-' -.'?«-? They speak in disparaging terms of the/ manage ment of the settlement and of the choice of site.,_ Jt is a matter respecting which I am, notr qualified^ nor am I required to give, an opinion. '- Tist these gsntie inen are dissatisfied, is proved by their undertaking so, long a passage in,an open-boat. ??.?-? -r,. - .- Hjs» Excellency -will be glad to hear that J]bp general health of the camp is good, and that tie jCod duct of everyone in it meets with my entire apfirp* bation. ? . ... .': ,-- *.- .:'* We celebrated the Queen's birthday as well as flor means would allow. A ^rnall enm wasraisedjzaDd prizes given for boat-racing, leaping, nnming, &c. The peusioners were paraded, and instead«if the usual feu dejoie — ^for we could not expend powderr^-gaTO three cueers for the Queen, and one for His Excel- - leucy the Governor. Tim settlers from the. Associa tion Camp joined in the sports, iand the day passed off very ciujeriuily.' - ...,..'?.? . Mr Assistant Surveyor Cowle and myself code to the proposed townsite, and the former gentiemaa. fixed upon the -line which is to form the western boundary. Tbe site will be defined as soon as the survey of the harbour is Completed, which will foe in the course of a -few -days. - ? '?? -i-^ I stated iu my letter of 20th ultimo, that I should send a small party-south ofthe iileneJgtO explore iin. a southerly direction from my second depot. The party will start on Monday, 5th instant, arid consist of iir T. C. Sholl, P.C. Gee, Joim Btaineri and tite native- constable Billy. Mr 'McUae, a gentlemkn who accompanied our loriner expedition, - w21vbe ttm of the party. He is a thorough.' bnshmaii, and will be a valuable addition to the 'explorers!*- :'''r' ';t4''r Desiring to have the cbuBtry explored between Camden- Harbour and Doubtful Bay, I haverequesJid Mr Cowle to command a lightly ?equipped party Jut that direction. He will cross ibe (ilehelg a^ the lower rapids, and 'proceed as far as th'e_ KedCto^ Hill, near the south-eastern shore of Donbtifhl Bay Should he *-e Buccessful, we sbau h^ye. a ispriiecfc notion of the country between Grey's eastern track and the sea-coast. Our furthest was rather further south than Grey's, our position being lat. 16deg. 2m., long. 124deg. 55m. 'ihe Bed Cone Hill is stall further south, and if neither of the gartiesabout to explore do not get' eomefchiug. beyond ^be. points, attained by their predecessors, tttnDprpve'tii^t^ie ranges are difBcnlt to penetrate, to say the least.. MrOowle will not start untal be ha^ jcoiDpiefed 'las surveys, or about the 1 7th instant' The pstrtywpl consist of himself .and three of the survey men, , The supply of wafer in the Wetl hot; tielng 'sjo grea^ as' formerly, I have set some men to work, sinking in tbe vicial^.. They struck, a ^ring. ^iiDmeSialelf under. the 'surface, and the water isVonnrngin^stroi^ I have no' misgivings, and beGeve we shall have plenty of water for several mo^th%if notuh^'j^ ehdofthfe?dry season. ' . ; ' . / J ',' ,4[ Oar garden is not ^ourishiijg,' t3ie cohMhued ~$$ weather having affected the plants. We j^venjot had rain for several weeks, .and., when I fpunfTJme water sinking ih't1i6 well, I woldd.xotaupw ^Oy^ be taken for the garden tmtil the new well was com.' pleted. Pig - melon/ pumpkin, 'fifad 'cotton look ,tb^ most healthy — the'oi&er jrielbns are dried up^ ^ren^U beans are in flower, 1-ut look yellow j potatoes gtow up with long thin stalks, and. will sot come 'to jper fection'.-' ? '''? '?' ' ' '' ''? \. ? I :-V;r ..;'?;., ,5 The carpenter's shop is Betoly, completed^, an^.^e landing-place 'has been much improved, Ii^epV^is and fire-'places have also been completed, ;. ' '' ?'' ..vt I have no additional information with; respec^-jTw the settlers.. There' has been. -3ne birlfc (jffie firBtm (Jamdeh^fiarbour) giiice I' wrot^'. to you, ;'Mrs -'Pasco^ the wife Sof one ofthe settlers, Having lieen d&ivgr$ji of a son on tiie 29th ialtiteio/' , ' ' '\ ' '. :',~!^* '*j- ' ''The. weather has jofVlate :1ieen.''Vfiraf ^ea%£dt.:.fatcL the nights are cooler than Il^ji^fe%ee0^ix)^c arrival. The following is a.Ttegpter pT(t^ip^%ira since flie 2-itn ultimd':— -°p ,' ; y v, ' . ^,.*] .*« ,., , ,? 8a.m.. .,. jiig^:^'^^,^ '£$?*1 ' May 21 ,77 - ' fc& :.' . M .,.'«»'-.-=-? *1 : « Sj|. ...-' 8ti.- . ,W .?--???'?88-.; '^'i'Sik , ?» as: . - m ?' - m^, ;,8«i/tv#t: : .- :«. Wt ...:?? -.78 '... io*. ,^..-&lj /.-^fter: . jrune;i;. '? ^,.,. „ ._^jr,.: ,..., ^v{i^m^ '- '' ?''* .%-, . --?*::.. . '-.M^:;^*-,-M%tzm^ i \Vheretterc5areWankistbi register WM'toOtThk^.i ;I was otherwise, fingagea --A:^-^&nBii:-^h0!^^t-:: are much cooler-el *a»oulda^«%j^iAt«ia^|^te^; ^tfan.^?tyief^g||p^^fe|^^^^^P ^9

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