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1 correction by Keepitshort - Show corrections


It appears by the'taft French Papers, that the King of France ia (lill burthened by the effects of'the military fyltem of the Ex Emperor. ;> It wai the characteristic of Bonaparte's ly item to render the whole'body of'the French a ¡military people ; and every credita- ble young maa in France accordingly either entered the army, or was educated, with a view to it» Hence an infinite number of young men have been thrown out of employ in confeqoencc of iho reitoration of the Bourbons. Something was necellary to be done in aid oft h is clafs. Accordingly a royal ordinance has been ¡(fried, by which it is ordered, that the greater part of them are gradually tobe reltored to aftive fen vice. This undoubtedly will be a heavy prefTure 16 the French finances 5 but as it is neceffary for the pub- lic tranquillity, it is not to be lamented» Neither, indeed, are the French finances hvthe fame flat« of embirrafTmcr.t as *thole in En- gland ; and» indeed, of other continental nations. If the French muiilter has lately borrowed a large furn, be has at lead borrowed it on the fecurity ot unmortgaged icfourcoi*

The Freftch People, indeed, in Vii* refpefythst ofthe national finí anees, have three ftriking and m an ¡fe ft advantages over every other nation: in the ñrft place* 4hey have no national debt ; fecondly; they pay no tythes ; and thirdly, they pay no poor rates. Thefa two ¡aft articles, perhaps, make one-fourth of the annual expendi- ture of England, and therein of the direct: burthen upon the linds. We tnuft not be under Rood in any of ihefe obletvatioos, as yield« ing to prejudices, becoming too popular, again(t either «tythes or poor rates ; for we mu ft candidly confefs that we fee no juft or hone ft means of getting rid of either of them. The former being a kind of rent of land, properly payable from the proprietors /and not from the tenant), and the latter being a kind of Christian toll forth« lap port and relief of thoie whom we are bound to, fupport and re* lieve« Ii iseafy rfb invent theories for throwing the poor a^ large upon the community'; but' as they mult be' fed, it is evidently wiferJto put our charity under'the regulation of the law, than to leave fô large a clafs at the mercy of their richer brethren. Wa .have always confidered our poor rates in this point of view, namely» 'that of regulating what is the duty of-every rnarf io do, and making

charity the law of the land, as it is already the law of Chriftiati duty. . (Cell's ¿Weekly MefTenger, Aug. 9.

DREADFUL EXPLOSION.- Another dreadful explofion has taken place in a mine near Durham,, by the. obstinate conduit of a wretched man, who perifhed; in lighting a candle. We have re* ceived the following extract t>f a letter from the fpot.- .}

.. Atiwo o'clock 1hia morning (Tuefday, July 7), when the col» liera went to work, the Overman found it ncctlTary to order t>aVy's Lamp to be uled in certain places, which order fe em* to, have been Attendee) to by the fir ft ihift of men, till nine o'clock, when they were relieved by the fécond íhift. An obítínate fellow, belonging to .the fécond fhift, when he relieved the than who preceded him iii the far the ft working {and at the fame time the mo it dangerous, being in the lait of I he ventilation), perfi (ted. in lighting a cjndlf^ becaufeho thought there was no danger, and becaufc he thought he could feo better with a candle. The poor fellow whom he relieved remon- strated itrongly againft the lighting of the candle, itating,'that tho Overman's orders were peremptory, and he even pul the'candle out by force. The infatuated viftim, however, per fi ft ed, and lighted hia candle again, when ihe other left Juro working with it. On hil way out to the fhaft he met with one of the deputy Overmen, and told him what hid occurred, who went with the intention of com- pelling "the delinquent to do what was right, or to punifhTiim ; but whether he reached his deftinatioa or not, we cannot .tell, asAhs ; «xplolion took place in* few minutes afterwards, juft as my inform-

ant and a companion, who can alfa mat&e affidavit of the .'fact, got out of the pit» We do not yet know the number killed, as I cannot get a correct lilt of the men at work,, and the bodies are not all got out, but 1 fear it will not 1)0 leis than 34 or 35 individuals, ; 1 ^do notthink «hat more than four or five will furvive out of 39 or go» We have already got upwards of 20 dead out. The explofion was veiy Arong, as the pit is 82 fathoms'deep."

AWFUL ANO SUDDEN DEATH.*-On Friday (June ao), wfiile Mr. Cummins, a-veteran and lefpeclable performer of. the York Company, was acting the part of JDumoni, in Jane Shore, at the , Leed's Theatre, he fell down on tho itage, and in (tandy expired. He

had juft repeated the benedictory words,

Be witnefs for me, ye cele it ia I Hofls, .-?'". Such mercy and fuch pardon as my foul

Accords to »hee, and begs of Heaven to {how thee, May fuch befall me at my I a te ft hour !

The performance!immediately doled, and the audience feparated ander feelings of the mort painful kind» Mr. Cummins had been upwards of 50 yean a member of the York Company of Comedians, and was much refpected and beloved, not only by his fellows, but by the inhabitants of the town in which he performed. The com . plaint which led io his hidden indifpofuion was an unification of the


Yefterday beiog Good«Friday, divine fçryice was performed, and every due refpect'paid to the day accordingly.

DIED-This evening, at his house in Collins-street, in his 63d year, Richard Coleman, baker, who came out in the first fleet in   1803 with the late Lieut.-Governor COLLINS.