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There is again ibis morning a strange dearth of war news. An official message from Paris indicates that the great struggle on the Aisne proceeds, and the probabilities aro that the latest details concerning; it are purposely with Leld, pending the completion of some big movement now in progress. The gravity of the position from the German standpoint te indicated by a report from Ostend, which states that all the German troops hitherto quartered in Bel- gium nave been pent either to France or to resist the Russian advance in East Prussia. A force of 40,000 Austrians is now said to be iolding Brussels.

Some'interesting sidelights on the horrors oí the fighting now in progress in France are supplied by Mr. Philip Gibbs, the special correspondent of the "Daily Chronicle." In a message from Chalons he describes the lighting that took place on Thursday and Friday last at Sojssons. A great storm was in pro- gress. The wind ¿owled and the rair flooded the trenches in a manner that tried the nerves and 30uls of the British troops to the last, point of human endurance. Men from the advanced lines looked as though they 'nad been through a torture chamber and suffered ñámeles» horrors. But, for all that, thr British held tneir own, and. taking advantage of every scrap of cover a xrick they learned in the Boer war-made some advance. A point that struck JNir. Gibbs particularly was the 'success of the 'British system of lighting in open formation. Adopting it in t^eir attacks, they on several occasions took trenches which, according to all the rules of war, were impregnable. In the midst of the storm General von "Kluck on Friday ordered a general ad- vance against the British positions. It was, however, repelled with heavy


If a further instance were needed of the brutality and senseless vandalism w.foich Eive characterised the German operations throughout the campaign, it .could be snpplied in the destruction of the beautiful old Cathedral of Rheimr. This building, which was considered by art critics to be one of the BuCsi speci- mens ot* Gothic architecture extant ias been completely demolished by Germau sbeilfire, all that rrmaing being shattered and «noko-begrimed fragments of wal!, a chaos of tumbled masonry, and the charred remnants of beautiful oak rafters and carved woodwork, priceless by reason of their antiquity. The Germans, in an attempt to csplain away their vandalism, state that the French force holding Rheims compelled them to return tneir fire, but this doos not excuse their destruction of the historic cathedral. If the accounts to hand ¿re to be believed-and they appear to be perfectly credible-it would seem that a German nattery, perched on a hill some distance from the city, made the lofty spires of the edifice thci»- special mark. Five hundred shells were thrown into a circumscribed area around the cathedral between sunrise and sunset on Saturday, and the cathedral, as well as a city block, -was soon a mass of flame«. The French were utilising the cathedral as a hospital, and had the Bed r^ross Hag flying, but this had not .the slightest effect in stem- ming the German fire.

The Servians and Montenegrins operating in Bo-nia would appeor to be making good their hold on this province ot *jat> Austrian Empire. They are now within a few miles of Sarajevo, the «cue of the minder of the Arch- duke Francis Ferdinand and 'his wife. It was stated some time ago that when they captured the place they intended to incite the Slav population of the province to a general insurrection. It is lo be presumed that the Austrians are not in groat force in Bosnia, for they have made little resistance to the -Allied advance, and in a precipitate retirement from Vishi-grad left behind them large quantities of provisions and munitions of -»-¿r.

i *****.*?



PARIS. September SI.

A military communique issued to-day i states:-"On our left wing on the right bank of the Oise we have advanced to the heights of Lessinging. west of Noyon. [ rhe Germans have renewed their activi-

ties east of &e Oise and north of the Aiine, and there have been violent bayonet charges in the region of Craonnc, where everywhere the enemy were repnlsed with considerable loases. Around Itheims the

enemy have not attempted infantry at-,

tacks, but confined themselves- to a big j

gun bombardment. In Champagne and on tile western slope of the Argonne ridge we have taken Souain and Mesnil le Hurlns. Message« from the front state that the enemy operating in the Wocvre district continue to hold Thioncourt, and have bombarded Hanson Chatel. The Germans on the right wing are fortifying themselves around Dcinie, a position south of Chateau Salines."' ,





'LONDON, September 21.

Mr. Fhilip Gibbs, the special corre- spondent of the "Daily Chronicle," cabling from Chalons on Saturday, aiys that when the great dtorm was raging at Soissons on Thursday and Friday, and flooding the trenches, the British had the most trying time they have experienced ance the beginning of the war. It tried their nerves and souls to the last point of human endurance.

I Nameless Horror».

1 'T saw." continued Sir. Gibbs, ?""seve- ral sobers who had left the trenches on a special mission. They looked as if they had been through a torture-chamber, and had suffered nameless horrors. They were covered with mud. their faces -weie coated with greyish clay, and they were chilled to the bone and shaking in every limb. Nevertheless they are no grousing army, and although dirty as mudlark; and unshaven and tattered, they are still confident, and as ready for a joke as


Marahes Impede the Advance.

"The strength of the German position nrade is very difficult for the Brit¡eh to croas the low-lying marshland, inieracc

ted with rivers and canals. At present it is utterly impossible to send infantry or cavalry, let alone heavy guns, acrosp the 6wamp5. The German elcven-inchcrs. embedded in cement on the surround- ing hills, are giving a great deal ol' trouble to Cae British gunners. An in- cessant artillery duel has been in progress for days, under cover of which not

sides have been entrenching like araii-.'S of ants, and rushing over the op m çround with rifle fire and bayonet, charge.« in order to attain positions of advantage« for further entrenchment».

j British Superiority.

"The British showed superiority in the battle of the trenches, aud gained good i ground, though at heavy cost. With their

experience gained in the Boer war, the British are far better than the enemy in taking; advantage of every scrap of cover. I Fighting in open formation, they on sî

vcral occasions took tienches which, ac- cording to all the míes of war, tvere impreanable. The British, assisted by I elie Zouave;:, who repeatedly charged

under a most deadly .fire, reached the enemy's positions and the Germans fled. . but not until their trenchos were filled i with corpses of the enemy slain bj* the ' Frenchmen, who tossed them out of the

pits as 'though they were lray-making.' as one of them .said.

Tile Germans Run.

"General von KJuek on Friday night;

ordered a general advance of infantry rrom Chanvigny and Naizye Chateau upon .he forcmoat British trenches mund Sois- sons, while the German artillery again searched for the position, endeavoring to unnerve the British. With the wind howling and the rain lambing down in rotrenrs the BtitrAt needed all the cour jge thry possessed. »"shrapnel killed a.-any of tatra), but the Germans are not the ryht .-tuft to turn British troops out of entrenched positions, and they re- tired quicker than they came. The Bri- tish guns ponnded thirm, and th»j rifle .ii.e irom the trenches laid them m heaps.

A Close Shave.

"Hie rtcsurucy and rapidity with' tvhitái the Germans work their guns 5s particularly .emarkabJe. At Soissons they were assisted by. aviators, vho dtopped scraps of paper and bombs, the latter acting as fcmûkc sig- nât?. In one case on Friday an 11-incher dropped a shell close to tlie British head- quarters. Several of the staff had a narrow escape, and the headquarters was imme- diately flhifted. Within half an boor fifty shells were dropped on the same spot.*'




LONDON, September 51.

It "»au reported on Monday that tile Ger- mans had persisted in bombarding the beautiful cathedral of TîhcimH. and thaa their shell fire -was tumbling this nobb work of architecture into a mass - of ruins. The French Government protested to the Powers against this latest act of German vandal- ism, but the German official reply etatos: -"The French at Rhcims compelled us to reply to their fire. We regret that the city was damaged. Orders have been issued to spare the cathedral as much as possible.



LONDON, September 21.

Advices from Paris state that the Ger- man bombardment of Rhcims Cathedral ?was continued on Monday. Only a tow walls of what was once a beautiful edifice arc n<>w standing. The Hotel de Ville (town hall), the museum, and other official buildings have been almost completely de- stroyed. It is stated that the Germans in- tentionally directed their artillery five against the principal buildings of the city, and several of the inhabitants have been killed. the bombardment of the cathedral the Germans killed a number of thcÎT own wounded, who -were being tended with the French wounded in the cathedral in the hope that the flying of the Red Cross ensign would save the structure from destruction.

The Rhcims correspondent of the "Daily Mail" states that the fire on the cathedral started on Saturday afternoon. At least live hundred shells fell between early morn- ing and sunset. Part of the city several hundred yard« square -was ignited, and street after street became fined with blaz- ing houses and'shops. Meanwhile a Ger- man battery on a hill above Noagcnt l'Abbesc made the cathedral its deliberate mark.. Shell after shell smashed its way through the old masonry/and an avalanche

of stonework thundered down into the streets. Subsequently the scaffolding at th»i east end of the cathedral was ignited, and the burning splinters falling on the roof soon set the whole of the olff oak timbers ablaze. Soon the nave and the transepto were a roaring furnace. Tongues of flame leapt up the towers at the waitera end, and bla?mg pieces of woodwork, beautifully carved, crashed down on the floor. The Germans, when they occupied the city in their advance on Paris, accumu- lated gi cat pile3 of straw in the interior of the cathedral, intending to use it as a hos- pital. The burning woodwork instantly ignited this, and the panelling, altars, and confessional were soon consumed. The German wounded would certainly have been incinerated but for the consideration shown by the French doctors. As the Ger- mans were carried out a howl or'uncon- trollable passion burst from the crowd, and ôhouts of "A mort!'' went up. »Some of the soldiers among the crowd levelled their rifles, but the Abbe Andrieux sprang forward "between the muzzles and. the wounded men and said, "Don't fire. You will make yourselves as guilty as they."

When dawn broke the famous old monu- ment was only an empty shell.


ROME, September 21.

lite news of the bombardment of Tîheims Cathedral caused a thrill of horror through- out Italv. The "Gómale d'I talia"' describes it as a useless art of barbarism and a lunatic outburst of wounded vanity nnd curbed pride.


Whatever may be left of Rhcims Cathe dial after the German gunners have done with it. the memory will remain that, at any tate, up to a few days ago this 13th century «structure was one of the

finest extant specimens of Gothic archi- tecture, notwithstanding that it lacked the complete towers, of the orstrinal de- sign. In -was _ in this cathedral that the King of France were clowned in ancient times, and it replaced a still older church (burned in 1211), bttilt on the site or the basilica where Clovw was baptised by St. Remegius. The cathe- dral, with the exception of the west front, was completed by the end of the 13th century. That portion was erected in the 14tn century _ after 13th centuty designs-the nave having in the meantime been lengthened to afford room for the crowds t.liat attended the coronations. Tn -1481 fire destroyed the root and the spires.

in 1875 the .National Assembly voted £80,000 for repairs of the facade and baiistrades. This facade was the finest portion of tlie building and one of the

most perfect masterpieces of the Middle i Ages. The three portals were laden with beautiful statues and statuettes, and the facades of the transept were also de- corated with sculptures-that on the north with figures uf the principal Bishop« of Rheims, a re- presentation of the Laat- Judgment, ard a figure of Christ (le Beau Dieu), while that on the south side had a beauti- ful rose window with the prophets and apostles. Of the four towers which flanked the transepts nothing remained above the height of the roof apee the fire of 1481. Above the choir rose an elegant bell tower in timber and lead. 59 ft. high, recom structed in the loth century.

The interior of the cathedral was 453 ft. long, fíS ft. wide in the nave, and 125 ft. high in the centte, and comprised a nave with aisles, a chair with double aisles, and an ans« with deambulatory_ and radiating chapels. It had a profusion of statues

similar to those of the outside, and stained glass of the 13th century. The rose win- dow over > he main perch and the gallery beneath was, of rare macnificensee. The cathedral possessed fine tapestries and .-lève- rai paintinjrs by Tintoretto, Nicolas. Pous- sin, and others; also woodcarvings of rare skill. The treasury held among other prized relics the Sainte Ampoule, or holy flask, the successor of the ancient one broken at the Revolution, a fragment of which it con-


In 1874 the construction i of a chain of detached forts was begun in the vicinity of Rheims, the city being selected as one of the chief defences of the northern, ap- proaches to Paris.


ANTWERP, September 21.

The Germans have expelled from Wol vertsem all males above the age of 10 years. A detachment of German cyclists have burned the villages of Trcmloo and Rot

selar. Outrages like these are attributed I to roaming bands of Uhlans. j


LONDON, September 21.

A Frenchman, formerly at Oxford, in writing from the Continent to an English friend, states:-"When the Germans aban- don any villages which they have occupied they destroy everything and kill all the cattle, or cnt off their feet-"








OSTEND. September 2L

It ii reaorted that all the Bavaria« troops have left Brussels. Some have been court-martialled by the Prussians and Bhiifc for 'having permitted the escape of six trainloads of French prisoners. It ¡3 stated that all the Germans have been sent Jo France or the Last Prussian frontier, and that forty thousand Austrians, who, as Slavs, cannot be trusted to fight against the Russians, are now occupying Brussels. Their equipment includes =«vcn heavy siega




LONDON, September 2L

The Antwerp correspondent of the "Dair$i Chronicle" reports that the Germans mads three desperate and unsuccessful attempt» on Saturday and Sunday to capture Forfc Wallhem. lietween 3!aíine* and Brussels. On the first night the operation was at- tempted with the heaviest guns, and th« artillery covered nn infantry attack upo« the entrenched Belgians. For a short time the issue was in doubt, hut when the de- fenders of the fort tcali-ed their danger they devastated the German lines, and the attacks were finall*. lepulsed with a loss oj

a thousand men





NISH, September Sh

In their retirement from Vishigrad, «1 Bosnian town on the River Drina, 43 miles east of Sarajevo, the Austrians abandoned large quantities of provision's, army mate- rials, a field hospital, and 40 railway wag-


The Montenegrin ti oops have captured the fortress of Focha, 20 miles south-east of Sarajevo, and have camps entrenched at Gorazda, Jabuka, and Rogatnitza. They are now only 15 kilometres (about 04 miles) from Sarajevo.

Prince George of Servia has been




ROME, September 21;

The toi respondent of the "GioraaTe d'ltalia" telegraphs from Vienna that the Austrians have court mirtial'ed and shot General Vodiniaoski. of Slav origin, whom they accused of spring, also a Slav station master, on a similar charge.

From Lcmbcrg it is reported 'that Gene- ral Frorfich, who was recently removed from his command of a cavalry division which was nearly annihilated, has commit ted suicide.

(Continued on Next Page.) 1


(Continued from Page 7.)



> _

s -

i ' LONDON, September 2L

. Renter's correspondent at New York ad ' rises that the United States Government have deckled that the merchantmen of belligerent nations entering ports may .any guns up to but not exceeding 6 in. for defence without acquiring the character of. ships of war. No guns, however, must |>e mounted forward, and only a little am .munition must be carried. The vessels, moreover, must onlv be manned with the same number of men as before the war.




CALCUTTA, September 21.

. Hi« German cruiser Emden, attached to Ute- China station, but which disappeared from there six weeks ago, has been creat- ing consternation and doing considerable damage ta British shipping in the Bay of Ben/raL ;

r She. appeared suddenly in the Bay on September 10, and, assisted by misty wca fchor and wireless messages .vhich she in- tercepted, sank between that date and the MU» $WQ British colliers, two empty stea- mers:, and the steamer Diplomat with a .erçgo; worth £350.000, including 40,000 packages of tea. All the captured crewe were .transferred to the Kabanga, which ants sailing for America. The Kabanga arrived at Calcutta on the 16th. and a Bri- tish warship ; immediately, set out in pur- suit of tlie Emden, but she escaped south-


n The Emden also sank the steamer Clan Matheson in " the Bav of Bengal. The

«rewS-havc been landed at Ratigoon. in j


.AU sailings^ in the Bav of Bengal have tboen temporarily cancelled. The Emden I bas caused the British owners and under-

writers a loss of three-quarters of a mil-1 lion. sterling. -The Germans treated the captured crews well, but later their con duet was rather contemptuous. With theil erratic shooting it took them, two hours-to «ok. the Lovat, one of the ships captured.


LpNDON, September 21.

.' Hie » Chancellor of the Exchequer (Mr. Lloyd' George) is heading a movement to «aise a complete Welsh army corps for the

ront. "


LONDON, September 21,

Paris advices state that 30 dum-dnm bul- lets have been extracted from wounded .soldiers lying m the French base hos-i

jutais, . j

. It is reported from Cape Town that the «facial revised list of casualties sustained in]

connection with the disablement on Mon- day*, of* the British cruiser Pejrasus by thd' Königsberg off the east coast of Africa places tbo number at 25 killed, S wounded, and 10 missing. The Pegasus was completely (disabled.

I The manager of the Ottoman Telegraph Agency at Constantinople reports that the ~ well-known friendly feelings that have

existed hitherto between Turkey and Great Britain and France have been arrested as .. a result of German pressure because

his agency published authentic news of the lvwar, and not the garbled and inaccurate

German versions.




. LONDON, September 22.

The First Lord of the Admiralty (Mr. Winston Churchill) addressing a meeting of 15,000 at Liverpool, appealed for a mil- lion men to join Sir John French's gallant army." They had no need to be anxious about the result, he said. God had blessed i our arms with unexpected good fortune. I TIic British Empire could, unless its reso-

lution failed, finally settle the matter as j it chose. The navy was unable to fight whilst the enemy was in port, but Britain i w.'ia enjoying without a battle all the ad

' vantages of the command of the sea. al , though he hoped the navy would have a I chance of settling the question with the German fleet. Unless they carno out and fought they would be dug ont like" rats in

a hole.



[ NEW YORK, September 22.

I Cablegi-Hins from German sources indicate

that widespread disappointment prevails in the Fatherland at the present course of events. The peonlc everywhere are becom- ing greatly discontented, particularly in the manufacturing districts, which are begin- ning only now to realise that Germany's foreign trade is lost and that the naval strategists cannot fulfil their pledge to keep

otean routes free.

rapid austrian retreat.



PETROGRAD, September 22.

ït is stated that the Austrian retreat in Galicia was so rapid that the Russians had to cover 25 miles a day to keep in touch with them, lie Austrians tun.;d back at one point on River San, but the Russians threw three pontoon bridges over, and dashed across, and a fier.^ hand-to-hand struggle ensued on the op- posite bank. The horses of the Aus- trian cavalry were shot down, but the .men, with their legs shattered, continued to fire as they lay on the ground. At length a bayonet charge put the Aus- trians to flight.

General Omitrieff has been decorated for' his brilliant and successful resistan e against' the recent Austrian attempt to recapture Lemburg. ixe had four days' and nights' fighting against odds of four

to one.


* . . . HORROR. ;

j_ /

ROME. S-pterabcr 22.

After celebrating the Ttalhn na'ional fete yesterday 50,000 men, with ba^ds ard banners, marched to the Br'tish Embassy, playing the British Anthem. They franti- cally chered the hoisting of the Union Jack at the embassy. Troops guarded the Ger- man and Austrian embassies.

The Pope has expressed the utmost hor- ror at iii»- destruction of the Rheims Cathe dtal. Ho icmarked, *'Tt is Fcarcely credible that in the civilised twentieth cen- tury we should be plunged back into the dnjs of Attila."


CAPE TOWN, September 22.

At a crowded meeting at Bethlehem, a strong Uertzogite centre, yesterday, a re- solution was carried by an overwhelming majority supporting the Government in their opération« against German South- west Africa.




He was a little cavalryman, a chasseur of the Twelfth, with a tail-of black hair hanging from his helmet down his back (writes Mr. Hamilton Fyfe in the "Daily Mail"). They called iiim "Little Poii get." Ho was in barracks at Pont-a Mousson.

He was full of energy and hope. "What luck," he said often to his messmates of the first squadron, "to be alive at such a time, and to be here, right here, un the frontier, with the chance of beginning at once." War had not yet been de- clared. He was all impatience. One morning came an order for a scouting pa- trol. He was in it. He rode off w'rn a light heart, grateful to be chosen for responsible work.

Suctdunly there is a tap-tap of 3íauser rifles. From behind a wall shots are being fired. Chasseur Pouget pitches heavpy forward 'on his 'horse s neck. In peace he has been assassinated. The aseassius gallop away. »Shots are fired after them. Then ''Little Pouget" is carried back to


Here next day he is »juried. Such a funeral as "Little Pouget" never dreamt of! Hin family could not be there. They live far away. But there were all the officers of his regiment as well as tne


"Chasseur Pouget," said the colonel over the grave, "death came to you when yon least expected it, in a manner which T dare not at thi3 moment denounce is I should like to denounce it. You have been the first to fall on the field of honor, and be eure your comrades will never for- get you. They will avenge you. Adieu, Chasseur Pouget. . Rest in peace."

And straight from the cemetery rode out patrols of Pouget's «comrades, who that day surprised and_ captured a Ger- man patrol. Ihe avenging of Pouget had begun.

.'JOHNNY FRENCH." . ] The Popular Commander.

The othrr day. says the Sydney '-Daily Telegraph," there was cabled across the world a brief extract from the letter home of a soldier serving nnuer him in France, who was good enough to state it as his opi- nion .that the Coramandcr-in-Chief of bri- tain's splendid army had "no side." rne writer of the letter may possibly be dead by this time, but the writer of this article begs to be permitted to endorse his opi- nion. There are many other people be- sides these two writers who will endorse it also. No one who has ever served under Sir John French could do otherwise, this writer has served under him. and he would like to tell three stories, which arc per- fectly true, in illustration of the entire soundness of the possibly-dead soldier s opi- nion of his great leader. They are not strictly in chronological order, and the nest one comes first, and it is necessary to ex- plain one or two things.

About 14 vear- aco the present writer had the honor tp be a corporal in a squadron 01 cavalry which was attached to the 2nd Ura goons-better known as the Scots Greys-^ and they were one of the three fine regt- j ments which made up the 1st Cavalry Bri-, gade of the South African Field Force. The

other two were the Inniskdlmgs and the i Carabiniers. .So that is how he knows j

thosrtrue fetories. _ .. _ i

Towards the end of May, 1,000, the pre-1 sent Prime Minister of the South African Union-General Botha-held up General French's division for two days, and a bit over, in the vicinity of the Ivltp Rivei. (You will find the affrav described in the "Times" History of the War, and the Ger- man general's staff account of it, as the Battle of Klip's Rivicr's Berg.) It was a very unpleasant and alarming disagree- ment, and when it was over the division was engaged in getting round between

Johannesburg and Pretoria, and the wr ter I found himself, one sunny afternoon, ridinc I alongside a corporal of the "Greys.*' A curious legend-of the sort that pet tains to all wari-existed in the First Brgadc. te the effect that, although "Tohnny" thought no end of it, he would never trust it in a town. It was an absurd notion, for the simple reason that, always, mounted troops must be the outposts. But we all had the absurd notion in 1900. So the corporal of the "Greys" remarked to the writer-in a casual way and pretty loud at the end of a discussion as to the chances of getting something to cat:

"I wonder whether the - old man is sro'nig to let ns into Johannesburg?"

Just a* he said it. General French, rid ;ng up the column (on a horse that was in better condition than ours), attended by a single aide, arrived abreast of us. and heard the plaintive qiiery. He turned half round in his saddle, with ? a kindly

grin, and said:

"No-the-old 'man is not going to let you into Johannesburg!" And tne back I view of him that the writer realised as he rode on (whilst the writer and the "Greys" corporal nearly fainted) was his broad shoulders shaking with smothered


The second story, of how, one »morning, ¡about four miles north of Kroonstadt. whilst the brigade rested for a couple o: days, it was suddenly ordered to "stand to your horses" outside the picket lines. With the usual curses the order wa»

ptomptly obeyed (as orders always were ' in the First), and long lines of horses might have been seen stretched across the veldt, attended by unkempt men, who, in different »ays, were asking one anotacr:

"What tae -'a up now?"

What was "up" was tnat the general was inspecting uis horses. Near where the writer paraded at the head of elie sorry eseletoji that was his, stood Major Allenby, of the Anni~kxlling3- now Lici.tu nant-Ueneral Allenoy-and as the general rode by he called out to him:.

"Hullo, 'Alienby; how are you-quite fit?" ' ....

That story» seems a pointless one-but wait until you tead the moral that the

¡writer is going to draw after he has'don.

I with the third.

The brigade was camped, after the battle of Diamond Hill,, ai, a palace «ailed Kamiel Drift, which had been part of the battle^ Held, and was about 12 miles eastward of Pretoria. A certain percentage of the troops were giten cleave each day, for ' i \ week or so, to ride into the town-where

they employed themselves in lootung at tne late Mrs. Paul Kruger (that good, but very ' plain o!d lady), as she &at behind th

two stone lions, buying expensive and in iferior meals, writing postcards home, and

trying^ without much means, to get past the military polke into the hotels. lae writer rode in one day with four or live of his fellows. About 'half-way in we encountered the general riding out-at- tended by a single orderly-and, of course, Tode to "attention," and did the "eyes right" trick. He pulled his horse up and halted us. He knew who we were-if for no other reason-by me green crosses on the sides of our helmets.

"Hullo, you Australians," he said, "how are you getting on-getting enough to eat now*?'" . .

There was such a pleasant gnn in his face that one bold spirit ventured a re-


"We could do with a bit more, eir."

He shook his horse up. and rode on, laughing, calling over his shoulder, "Oh yotrll have plenty soon."

As a matter of fact, we didn't; but one is sure that he couldn't help it.

And the moral that one wishes to draw from these three trivial anecdotes-quite apart from the way they »serve to endorse the opinion of the possibly-dead English soldier-is that some part of the real great- ness of Field-Marshal Sir John French lies in the kindly humanity that is his. His remark to the corporal of the "Greys," his greeting to Major Allenby, his cheery en- quiry as to our diet - these are the sort of things that make his men love him. With the tremendous respect that they have for his wisdom-the confidence that is hard to explain-with the knowledge that he will overlook no breach of discipline, with the respect and esteem tba,t they hold him in as a man, there is mingled a sort of personal affection that very few men have the fortune to call up in their subordinates. Perhaps the Danes did not exaggerate his place, in history very much when they compared him to Marlborough. -But he is a more honest man than Marlborough.






(By Our Military Reporter.)

Monday's long route march may have tired the men. but there were no agir? of weariness on Tuesdav morning when tr.p '"reveille" sounded. Even- man was at his port at t\vt parade, and tent orderlies were ke'it as busy as evr-r when the hour for breakfast arrived. It wats a cheerful muster that responded to the call for morning parade, and the company com- manders then marched the men off for in- structional work. Each day sees further advance in the military curriculum. To- day the infantrymen began outpost work, which is a most important factor in war- fare. The officers expressed themselves- as well satisfied with the intelligent manner in which the intricacies of this work was grasped bv the men. It was not until late at night that they returned to camp. After soldiers have been out in the field all day, expending every ounce of energy and brain in mastering advanced work, thev need no rocking to sleep, «and the orderly corporal-, whose duty it is to enforce the "lightá out" order, had but little difficulty in ob- taining it? strict observance. The Light Hors« men also left the camp and set off in a northerly direction. The plan is to bivouac and carrv out advanced field work for two days, returning to camp in all irobability late this evening or early to- morrow morning.

The Second Force.

There has been no cassation of tra'ning in the lines of the second expeditionary fovce since .Monday, when Lieutenant Woolley took them in hand for purpo=o= of physical training. Of couple, thev have merely carried out the initial st-fr^s of tne work, but they are shaning well, and Lieutenant Woolley is horrf»il tint they will a^n nit. thora sel ve* as cred'tahlv a« the first force. Up to the prient they ha'*e been under the oh arce of Sergcmt-Ma'o Fox, who, with a band of in-t-uctors, has been prepariner the men for divL-'on info "ompanies and instructing thom in the list, rud'mpnts of ïnfintrv work. To-day the mon will be divided :nto v-trious un'ts or portions of un:te, as the ea^e mav be. There will he three eompan'o- <~f infm +rv. rer>rr>ítírft;n<r A, B. ard .0 Companies if the l~th'ion of the Storni Ex-^c ditVnarv Force, and nl^o A Sautdron of the 7th Light TTntwp Riment of t''c s-* "ord force. Maior Baker, who ha- b-»en rerrrmmrT>ded to take charep of A Cbm *»Rtiv. wil' go into camp to-m-r-ow. He 'vii! be the <-f»nir»r nflippr. and the two other coniiT'Tidir's oWrer«?, w^o ha»-e be*m fivom-ir»r.dM, C'a^ta'n Britt*»'n n*"d Ca-" fc"in OartrHl. w'l» nloo co to "\>V>!">'hetfr»"i'1e b"forf» pr-on. It i« al=o prohi'Vp that Oip t->in Cor»k. who w:ll eoiimind the L'g^t Hor-r» Souadrnn that Si'ith An-i-alia is ?mpplying, will also co under canvas.

General Camp Ttcms.

Durin-T the la-t few divs Captain Jes-. D .*> A f}.. nas been bu^y. at military hoadntiartPt's receiving t'ne attestation naners .of the 50 men .com-irising the Motor Mechanical Corns. To-day these men arr'ved in camp. They.will be added

to the line of ccmrmttnieati'on unit. It is probable that all the officers of the First Expeditionary Force will be prespnr, .»r thp b'Tip'nPon of ti»»» rom"»onw°alth

Cinh to-morrow. _ Annlieatiop* for enrol-

ment for anv furt""pr forces that may be called for are still bein? received: and the at'thorit'es ar«í keening a list of í¡ie most derirable class of man anxious to en- list. This list is swelling considerably.

Officers Pleased with Route March. I Officers in camp yesterday expressed themselves as thoroughly pleaded witn Monday's mareh. One of them spoke with appreciation of the greeting they were accorded by the pupils or the Ad'. laide High School as they marched along Grote-street on their way to West-ter-, race. The headmaster (Mr W. Adey» had arranged that the pupils should be bred un outside. The..scholars, included about 2S0 cadets belonging to the school, and there were also about 19 members of the eitiz- US' forces, all in uniform. Amone: the first force there aro 25 old scholars, and these were all given a hearty cheer as they approached. i

Officers of Reserve to Report.

The Commandant has been requested bv the Secretary for Defence to state that the Army Council desire it publicly announced that all officers of the re- serve o: officers are recalled, and should return and report themselves forthwith to the War Office.

Frenchmen Called On.

The Consul for France has received notification from the Consul-General in »Sydney that all Frenchmen resident in South Australia between the ages of 21 and 48 must forthwith furnish to the local consulate particulars as to name, class. date, and place of birth, and in ease of "reformes" or "exemptes,"' reasons for | exemption. Medical examination will | then be arranged for.



.Nu appointments have yet neon juaue m connection with South Australian quota of the eecond Expeditionary Force, but to- day the board of «election appointed at tbr- direction of the new Minister of De- fence (Senator Pearce) concluded its tie liberations. The hoard consisted of tiie State Commandant (Colonel Irving). Colonel Rowell. C.B.. Colonel Dean, anti Lieutenant-Colonel Doilman. These re eomrnendations will in all probability be forwarded to the Minister of Defence to- day. It. is lot known just -what the re- commendations arc, but the final ¡-election will probably be mode in accordance with the following list:


Major E. K. Laker (»"senior Company


Captain If. P. IT. Brittain (.Gomp.iny Cnmmandcr).

Captain Gartrell (Company Commander».

Mi bal terns.-Captain Ciladmaii (Port Au- gusta), and Lieutenants Heming, Kerr. Bur- ton. Imlay. Willshire. and Hains..

.There an» only six subalterns required and one emergeutv*.


Of this regiment Lieu tena nt-Cojouel Miell. who .-cL-ond in command of.the »Ird Light Horse Regiment, of the First Expeditionary Force, will be in command. South Australia is supplying A squadron of the regiment, and in all probability tht following will be appointed:

Major Cook (Commanding Offic.'r).

Captain Barnet, of Mount Gambie* (second in command).

The selection of troop-leaders, four "f which are required, .will most likely conn from Lieutenants De Pledge. Pas-roe Bleechmore, Parsons (ïaukulilla), and Lindsay.


Mr. M.-ixim Jo-ufT, who was born at Hervé, m the province of Liege (Belgium), writer:-"f arrived, at Port Adelaide from Frediickstadt, which port was left before hostilities" had begim, on Monday, and during the afternoon paid a visit to the office of the Consul for Belgium ":n Adelaide, for the purpose of repoiting my- self with a view to being sent back horn" to sei-ve my country. To mv surprise the consul, ^formed me that if I wished to fight for my country I would have to pay my own fire. Surelv this is hard on an ex-art liery man, who is a stranaer in a ftrange land, filled with pride and patrot ism and ready to return to defend his na tivç country. I for om hope that thi

difficulty will soon be overcome, and that mpn who are eager to .tefend their conn tries wii' be ass sled ir< the ptyment ot their far?s. From here Í proceed to Mel bourne, a sad and disappointed loyal Bel



Melbourne, September 22.

While all hands were working V>ard in the brill ant «unshine at'menrio \s to- day the Minister of Dcfo.-ee 'Scnato Pcarce) pa d a visit of inspection to the c~imp. The troops were L>r the most part scattered over the paddocks, but the Miriis ter made a tour of the lin-»s, and at th conclusion of his vsit expressed his grra' apnrPcial;on of all tfiat he had seen. Ile rrf» rred to the diffi-ulties imder whHi tin-

men had worked, and said t^e troops hat!' done wonders and were evidently, ofli ers and men, in dradlv earnest. That wa fhown bv the keenness of their £1-3*111 ins He al*o referred with appreciation to th

cl'vtnline's and cood management of the camp itcelf. All leave for the men has now been stopped, save for urgent reasons.


The secretary of the Ade'a do Cham"p3i of Commerce has received the foi owiti,? letter from the spcretary of the Melbourne chamber dated September 17:

I "I have to adv\se you that the committee

appointed by the Mclbourm. consignees | held a meeting to da/, at wai h various

tables were sunmitted" pointing to the in- tention of the steamers? »Sto'berg and Roon ' to discharge their cargo under .ettain tou

ditioiis. The-e, lionet cr, were not con * »idered definite enough to act upon at the

present time, and it wa3 resohed to np proaeh the Minister, of External Affaj s i and obtain his opinion as to the legality

of certain demands said to be made by the 'captains before "they .wou'd hand over th«

cargo, and also to request the 'Minister to cable to the British Copsu) at Batavia fo fuithcr information. J'.Tiie committee sib sequently waited ' upon ' the Minister, and with regard to the lethal position he stated that this would be placed before the Law 1 Officpps of the Crown and the secretary fo. ' the Clramber of Commerce advised at a

later date. He inducted that a telegram should be sent to the Britit-h Consul at Batavia stating that conflicting telegrams 1 wetc being received by the merchants in Melbourne a> to discharging the cargo on these boats, and requesting the Consul to ascertain definitely fiom the captains whether they intended to discharge the cargo or not. If they intended to d s charge the eargo, when would they com I menee, anti under what conditions they , would deliver it? This cable has now besn

sent, and we aro awaiting a reply. When this is received I will further advise you."


In connection with the booklet issued by the Y.M.C-A. Ladies' Auxiliary to the sol; diers of the South Anstraliau ¿-ection of tiic expeditionary toice the general secre- tary (Mr. II. A."Wheeler) has received the following letter iioni the Governor's pri- vate secretary (Hon. G. J. Mulholland): "Sir-I am in receipt of your letter of the 16th inat. His Excellency the Governor I desires me to thank you for sending bim

copies of the booklet which you have fur- bished to each member of the*expeditionary force. His Excellency considers the idea of issuing the volume was a very happy one, and tenders his congratulations to you and your association for the good services already rendered and being rendered to the South Au-tralian contingent. His Ex- cellency recognises the great benefits con fei red on the men in camp by your asso- ciation's well-equipped tent there, and , commends the association on its practical, i go-ahead methods." The booklet lias

attracted considerable attention in the other States, and the Presbyterian Church of An-tralia has requested and received i permission from the. Y.M.C.A. Ladies' Auxiliar}- to «publish ' the booklet and issup it to the Presbyterian soldiers going I to the war from Australia. The Preaby

terian Church has printed 4,000 copies, which will be in the liands- of their chan ¡aiiii io be used in their work.

?SPORTING GEAR. FOR SOLDIERS., ¡ Many citizen?, including hoteikoeper--. hove decided to forward sporting gear io the 10th A.I.F. for use by the i-oldier-; un

board «hip. Mr. Shierlaw has already pre- I -cnted a fine set of boxing gloves. Article? suitable for athletic purposes will be wel- come arnon;; such a large body of men. and should be «ent to Color-Sergeant- A. Hcm min-'. li Company. 10th A.l.F.



The Adelaide Chamber of Commerce has received frcm the Premier the following copy of a telegram received from the Prime Minister:-"Decode of cablegram received from the Secretary of State, dated London, September 10,. 1914, 7.5 p.m.-'The att.en tion of his Majority's Government has been called to the fact that difficulties have arisen between shippers und shinowners in eonsequenc-e of wish of the latter to insert in bills of lading a clause to cover obliga- tions which they undertake in many io "all at a port in Hie United Kingdom f»ir information, instructions, or advice before proceeding on the final stase of the voyage. Following is the text of «sich a clause:' fBegins)-If and so lona as the ship is in- sured against wiar risks with a war risks in- surance association under or in connection with a war risks insurance scheme of his

Majesty's Government, the ship, _ in ad

lition to anv liberties expressed or implied 'n this bill of ladimr. .shall have the liberty to comply with any orders or directions as to departure, arrival, routes, ports of ea'l, .stoppages, or otherwise, bowsoet-er given l»y his Maiesry's Government, or any de- partment thereof, or anv per--on actirsr '¡r iitrporting to act with the authority of his "'aiestyor of his Majesty's Government, or

f any department thereof, or by any com- mittee or per-on havimr, iind°r the terms f the war risks insurance on the ship, the .ight to crive such orders or directions, and .lothinsr done, or not done bv reason of anv weh orders or directions, shall be deemed i deviation (ends). Phinners do not rea .:-o ¿'?.at tbi~ rp"":rement is for security of cargo equally with the ship, and that it

* not to prejudice of t'*eir intcTPsts. I --."»oii'd be much oMiced if vour Ministers

.ou'd bv oublie notice or otherwise exnlain Lo shippers reasons for requirrment in qnes -'on. so that thev will unterstand that their interests »are beiug safeguarded and

.ot sacrificed." "


The Mayoress of Adelaide (Mr-. A. A. -.repton) has received the fo low'nj tele ram nom the Defence Department, Mel

»urnc:-"No more kit bags are required ,. present for evpeditiomry forces. Pie sa ¿..opt thanks of department for assistance

» ndered.''


MOUNT GAMBIER, September 21. Lhe mayor's patriotic relief fund now imounts to £156 1,'8. The members of the Ladies' Patriotic League have decided o make a house-to-house canvass for thi ¡elgian Relief Fund. The rc'dei.ts con ia ted with the building trade in Moimi Gambier met recently, and deeided to d.? ? ote a portion of their earnings to the patriotic fund. The first contribution »vas collected on Saturday, and resulted in t&e satisfactory sum of £6 15/6 being realised. Since receiving this amount thi non. secretary (Mr. A. E. Knight) has been handed an additional £1 8/, and with the amount received at ine first meefng,

£7 2/, the receipts to date total £15 5/6. i

PORT GERMEIN, September 17.-On ¡ Wednesday afternoon a number of people i met at the tennis courts'to say farewell to Mr. Leslie Clark, who has volunteered for the front. Mr. A. E. Trewartha (cap- tain of the club), on behalf of friend*,

presented Mr. Clark with a wristlet watch ¡ Addresses were given by Messrs. H. G ' Davey and E. S. Vine. Mr. Clark re- i -ponded.

T-JLEM BEND. September 21.-The , special train conveying tne South Ans- I tralian troops, who are £o make up Tas- I

mania's quota arrived at Tailem Bend to- night, and although f-w residents knew that a special was expected, within a few , minutes of its arrival the nlatform ! was lined with people the crowd being I densest in front of the carriage containing Mr. Roy William«, a local rifleman. As the train moved off repeated cheers were given for the troops, the soldiers replying by giving cheers for Tailem xiend.



Sydney, September 22.

The Premier (Mr. Holman), in the Legis-

lative Assembly to-day stated that during ! the past week no increased distress had j been reported in the State as the result of

the war. The Go\-errmont were enquiring I into the portion at. Colvir, the matter of

the problem of housin»- distressed workers, j and the position of the tailoring trade in

»Sydney. As the result of representations | he considered that future orders for mili- tar}- uniforms would be better distributed. No" binnie was attachable to the Federal authorities. The Government werealso making enquiries through the Acent-Gene ral with a view to the resumption of the 7Jiineral trade.


Wellington, September 22.

Mr. Millward. manager of the Pacifie table, arrived at Auckland to-day by the Iris. Ile states that there had been no comunication with Fanning Island since the cable was cut. The board's employes and

families on the island numbered 30, and j he had no idea what had become of them. I



The following poems are extracted from the "Times":

(Bv Robert Bridge;, Poet Laureate.) Thou careless, awake!

Thou peacemaker, fight!

Stand, England, for honor,

And God guard the Right! Thy mirth lay aside.

Thv cavil and play: The foe is upon thee.

And grave is the day.

The monarch Ambition .

Hath harnessed his slaves; But the folk of the Ocean

Are free as the waves.

For Peace thou art armed

Thy Freedom to hold: Thv Courage as iron,

Thy Good-faith as gold.

Through Fire, Air, and Water

Thy. trial must .be: "

But thev- that love life best

Die gladly for thee.

The Love of their mothers

Is strong to command;

The fame of their fathers

Is might to their hand.

Much suffering shall clean-e thee;

But thou through the flood Shalt win to Salvation.

To Beauty through b.ood. Dp. careless, awake'

Ye peacemakers. Firrht!

England Stands for Honor,

God Defend the Right!


(By Stephen Phillips.)

There is a hush before the thunder-jar,

When white the steeples against purple


There U a hush when night with star on


Goes ashen on the summer like a brard.

Now a more awful, pause appals the soul,

When concentrating armies crouch to


stillness more fraught than any thunder


Dawn European with a redder wing.

The Teuton host no conscience onward


Sullen they come; to slaughter shep-


Timed for the shambles with unwilling

lives. \

With doubt each soldier is already dead.

The massed battalions as a myth shall reel: Vainly they fight, if first they cannot feel.


(By Laurence Binyon.)

Now in thv splendor go before us,

.Spirit of England, ardent-eved!

Enkindle this dear earth that bore us,

In the hour of peril purified.

The cares we bulged drop out of vision,

Our hearts with deeper thoughts dilate. We step from days of sour d'vi-ion

Into the grandeur of our fate.

For us the glorious dead have striven;

They battled that we might be free. We to that living cause are given. We arm for men that are to be.

Amonsr the nations nobliest chartered,

England recalls her heritage.

'With her is that which is'not bartered.

Whick force can neither quell nor cage.

For her immortal stars are burning.

With her, the hone that's never done,

The seed that's in the Spring's returning.

The verv flower that seeks the sun.

We fight the fraud that feeds desire on

Lies, in a lust to enslave or kill, The barren creed of blood and iron.

Vampire of Europe's wasted will.

Endure, O Earth! and thou, awaken,

I Purged bv this dreadful winnowing-fan, O wronged, un tameable, unshaken I »Soul of divinely suffering man!



(By Maurice Hewlett.)

Fight, since thou must; strike quick and

_ fierce.

So when this tvrant for too long

Hath shook the blood out of. his ears

He maj- have learned the price of wrong.

Let him learn this, that the due grief

Of his own vice he cannot ban By outrage of a highway thief;

Let him remember the Corsican.

Whom England only dnrst not dread _By sea or shore, but faced alone, Nor stayed for pitv of tier dead

Until the despot's day was done.

Strike, England, quickly, make an end

Of him who seeks to trade with theo. If he would bargain for thy friend, i What would he trade for Liberty?








Sydney, September 21.

News was brought to Sydney early this morning which throws a good deal of light upon the doings of the Australian fleet in the Pacific. The wireless installation at the island of Naru, better known as Plea- sant Island, and as a large producer .cf phosphates, bas been destroyed The vilu.» of the.plant has been estimate! at ahout £2,000. At the islmd about 200 natvs are employed. The natives' of Rabaul are reported to have been very trouble- some. ' A German offi>cr wa= d'scover-^!

with his" left hand blown off. He had been» mining a field whep the charge explod-d,. causing the injury. It is stated

that in the fignting at Herbertshohe, I when the Australian ships took possession. t'*e enemv -ised jagged bnvonjts

they are- said to have al«o fired -the treaeheroirs dum-dum bullets. The wireless station in the Caroline Islands has been de- stroyed, and it is reported that the Ger- mans have now no-wireless installations in the Pacific.

On Sunday week the cruisers Gneisemu and Scharnhorst arrived at Ania at hrra'c of day and left at noon. While they were at Apia shots were exchanged between the cruisers and the forces on shore. It ap- pears that the whereabouts of the enemy's cruisers in the Parino, which include tho

ni" si '»iinho-'t. Nrtrpmburg. and Lei^sie, and the gurbott Geir. are well known to tHe British fl-et. Message«, from the German cruisers have been continually interrupted, and the vessels will shortly be in dire stra:ts owing to a shortage of coal | supplies.

Ir)ft->nmt:on received this morning shows that the crews of the Australian fleet are enicvirff s-pierid;d health and are cravint for a fight. This morning's informtt'on point«; ron'hisivplv to the fact that Ad-, mirai Pa tey could nut his bath sponge on the enemv's vfw-e's

From nil nrceunt the G«vrmin rossos^'ons ir the Pacifk. w'th the exception of Npw Britain, were taken without any resVan-e. During the earture of the various German possessions by the Australian fleet many prisoners were takeh.


SOME p'sSu.-vor-'ss LOSE


Sydney. September 2*2.

Before leav'ng Suva, passengers by the A.US.N. Company's steamer Levuka, which reached Sydney to-day. had some experience of war. The vessel was'tim »d to sail on Wednesday, September 16, and on the dnv before an. Admiralty message wai received instructing Captain Shar- land to put to sea immediately.^ ' It was explained that a German warship was supposed to be in the vicinity and that ¡t might attack the town. _ The German cruisers Seharnhorst and Nuremberg had beci been near Apia only four days pre- viously, find t*"e message probably re- ferí ed to one of the-se vessel.».

"One of the Gcman ships was seen on the Tuesday six miles from Suva," raid a Melbonrne passenger. "Captain Shar- land had no wish to leave Snva before he had completed his cargo, but he had no option. Messages of warn'ng were al-o sent to the Fiona and the Matucha." The captain decided to run -for .Sydney. It was ii o'clock- in the afternoon when the message came, and notices were sent rourd t;i all intending rassengrrs that the shin would sail that day. The ship- ping office was besieged by a crowd of | poople who wanted to clear out. but

they could not be dealt with, and as "» matter of fact when at last the steamer

left, at about half-past .7 or S o'clock on Tuesday evening, more than half our pas- sengers were loft behind. The passen- gers were somewhat perturbed at hav- ing to leave Suva at such short notic.;. and some of them naturally showed it, but really all behaved very well in such irving rirnimstancer,. Numbprs of them left half their luggage behind. Of course we «ailed with all lights out, and we had a most miserable time. After pro- ceeding at full speed ahead for a day and a half the Levuka received another wireless message to put back again to Suva. The ship was put about and we started on our return voyage, but after going about 600 milos we received our third and fast wireless to proceed to Syd ne". This we did. and have arrived after a passage of srrven days. We saw no sign of the Seharnhorst."

Were Prisoners at Apia.

Among the Levuka's passengers were Mr. and Mrs. Lippe, and Miss Hanger, all of Melbourne, who were prisoners at Apia for about 24 days before they «ere liberated on the place being tak^n by the British and Australasian forces. _? _






Melbourne, Scpumnsr 22.

Patriotic speeches marked 'he ntfi- ia! lu-cheon given by the Royal Airrtedltiird Society 3t the show gronnd to-Jay. ' 1 na Prime Minister (Mr. Fisher) said the wishes expressed that the Cj.wnonwealth Parliament should co-operate witn the fother country in every way to npro'd net integrity would be carried mt na tit ai the Federal Ministry wai cone-îtrcd. (Cheers.) Also the Mini-trr and the party that he had to do with would ees that a larger proportion of the oro« diict3 required in Australia made froirj material produced in Australia would .« mini factured in future in Australia. (Cheers.) In regard to the position JÍ the Commonwealth resetting the war, te held no other opinion than he had ex« pressed prior to the ho-tilities break n^ out-that every man and women wf-rt y of the name would make any saariüce o bring the war to a succès f d clo-e. = He should not liri them 'to believe that' th« war was over. He would say to them, "Steel your hearts for the wont. Pre- pare to meet any foo or combtmtion of focs,_ because the struggle is between civilisation and barbarism. ' Those wno were pessimistic and grnmhled over * calamity were not doing the country any good. The credit of the Commonwea'tH was good. Hp deplored the fact - tint they were.not in a po-ition to defend Australia if attacked, so far as the mainland wa* conterned. Only two Stitea were joined .diret tly by railway's« military railways were j understood. The time had rome for a uniform tgaiige on the mainland. T''e rrnhlfm w-« a^sorj-ted w*th lustra»

lia's defence. They need not hope to be mmune for ever from attack. Parties should co operate, and he spoke for the whole of his party when he -made that ^t^teTjent. . (Cheers) T-nstlv. he would ask them to have courage and patience an J ileterm nation. . Thej wo Id tell tie mother country'and her enemy that Ans» *? ?»'ii wn«¡ w'r'\ her in ."»*. (siirrov»»* «nd difficulties. (Cheers.) Each Dominion .ti the Br tish Empire wa* f ee to rarry on its own. government. Great Britain kept the sea open for all rations. Her enemies could trade with her Dominions under the same conditions as her own people. What eojnnlaint could they have azaiwt her? Anybody could co to her Dominions ind «harp in the rignts of cit'*en<=bip. Thev eould not comrlain thev could not a »--iii her in any way. ''Fquitv and justice" naa emblazoned on her birner and Au-tr'ha would 5tar»d vnder it until she was sub- merged. (Lord cheers.)

The Stnte Governor in proposing "T*>t p'-m'-d forres of r*»p Emnire" sifd Bri-

tishers were justified in f-eling prond 3Í the navy and army. For three hundred years the English navy had been the enyy and the emuhtion of the whole civili=eo", wo-hl. Britis"»fiïi were proud of their tradition, which laid down the axiom ('»at while they were a brave and a fighting nation thev were alco i libertv-lovjne na- tion. (Cheers.) The fighting of the British Army on t^e Continent had provided «.amides ol' t'.to gre it qualities without .which an anny was a great internment of despotism-the qualities of valor and chivalrv. British so'diers had shown tho world that the British Army, in disrinl'ne, in valor, and in self-eontro'. was stil' the first army of the world. (Cheers ) When they got into Germany-as into Germany they would get before the war waa ended they would be able to teach the German nation-not the German nation, in fact, hut the governing clique-that it was possible to wage war and vet not to forget the elementary ru'e3 of humanity. (Cheers.) The nation had at the moment to deplore, the lots of brave men on land and sea. Australians' hearts went out to the mon who were in the lost submanne and to the brave man, not a combatant, who lost his life in German New Guinea in attempt- ing to save the life of another. Yet wbila they deplored these sarrifices they gladly mad.; them. It showed that they knew not merely how to live, but how to die. (Cheers.) By going to Great Britain the Australian troops, as ambassadors ^ from Australia, would bring the people of Aus- tralia in closer touch, closer harmony, and closer understanding with the people of Great Britain. (Cheers.)



VOLUNTEER. ' Melbourne, September 22.

Officers for the expeditionary force», foi European service volunteered in such large numbers that thq authorities found a dif- ficulty in making the necessary selections. In one instance 200 otficcrs volunteered for .38 vacancies. To remove any suggestion ol favoritism the Mjp.ster of Defence (Senator Pearce) has appointed committees of thre« in each State to review all nominations before thpy arc finally approved. Officers commanding units are still to have the right of nominating those who are to serve under them, but the nominations will first be submitted to the State boards before they are communicated to the central ad- ministration. By this means Senator Pearce hopes to secure a guarantee to applicants that they are being fairly dealt with. -The ultimate decision remains with the Chief of the General Staff and with the Minister. Tho reviewing committee in New South Wales will consist of Colonel G. B. Camp- bell, Colonel T. K. Kirkland, and Liem>

Colonel J. M. Arnott.


Brisbane, September 22.

The Chief Justice to-day made an ordei Î granting an application on behalt of tho

charterers of tbe German steamer, Signal, now detained in the Brisbane River, for her removal to Melbourne under .certain


(Continued on Next Paga)


( Continued from Page 8.)



"" (Trom Our Correspondent.)

London, August 14, 1914.

Th«2re liave been strange and thrilling «.ones in London these days. Immense multitudes filled TrafalgaT-squ.tte, n tremb- ling tea of upturned faces under the clee ta-K lam*-«, the night wai- was declared bc tv-'een England and Germany. It __ most have been quite like old times for Nelson, k«*eping his ceaseless watch on top of hi» r.<->limin. The British-French and Italian flasrs were everywhere. More than ^one hundred thoiijsand voicon sang "God Save the King" and the '"Marseillaise." The very hot in the street had been possessed bj- "a raguo di cid that the Government might, shirk their dntv, anti that no Eng- lishman would be able hereafter to look & Frenthmiu in the face. Hence the re- faction when the fateful news carne. There was not much nviffickhrg at the West-End, but n r.'mblc blne'ackct. _ climbed up the Fountain :n Piccadilly Circus under the gaze and amid the shouts of an immense cosmopolitan crowd. When the dawn came the winged cupid in the middle of .the cir- cus was fluttering with the Allied flags For daye after that London waa full of khaki. AU day and all night long horse, foot, and artillery kept passing tiirough, and Londoners gazed in awe at. 6eld searchlights and other significant equip- ment that was beincr pushed on towards the North-East coast. How seriously pur people ai-e preparing for eventualities may

tie inferred from the fact that trenches are being dug along the exposed coasts and landmarks removed.

Grim Preparations. | Even church steeples Jiave br*n pulled down, clumps of trees and houses de- molished, and all lights forbidden. In on¿ case the occupants of a row of houses fronting the sea have been warned to clear

«*n:t instanter. They happen to be ju-t in front of a battery- When the amazed Householders realised their strategic posi ion thev left at once, without bothering too much about the furniture. Pome la- conic officer in charge of the battery bad biee¿ilv assured tlieiu that the guns might open lire .it any moment, and that their houses were in the direct line of fire. Lord Kitchener'*? call for an entirely new anny of 100.000 men at least "has been cheer-

fully responded to. The authorities coiijd get half 3 million men in this ft month if they want«! te. Meanwhile immense enthusiasm has been aroused by the way the British Dominions overseas ere rallying round the flag. Xot only is

thc Britisb fleet already paralysing tW* ?Pnisfrtao Empire hy sea. but wo ebal! be able to put in the field if need bo a fight- ing force that not even the Kaiser's leg.ons could deem contemptible. The greatest riystery has» been maintained for obvious reasons about our expeditionary force of 140,000 men, equipped and ready to the Jast button. It is well known te soidirsrs, however, that it is on the Continent, lin- ing up shoulder to shoulder with the un- expectedly plucky little Belgians and the Eeree'y determined French tfoops. The fenwai impression of our military men ïicre is that the fine defence put up by Liege ha«; so far checked the German pinn ef campa'gn that the Kaiser»? intention of crashing Franco fir.-t and then turning to Tenel Ru?sia is now impossible of execu- tion. Germany wilj have to fight on two flanks and both frroiticrs! against^ superior numbera »and inexhaustible supplies. Un- less ruc -can .lehievc a series of astonish iig_ victories, of which her spiritless eon Bcripts with their old fa¿hi»->ned field tac- tics hold out ?ao promise, Germany is go- ing to be cracked like a nut.

The German Navy.

T hear privatelv that last week London motor huses. labelled Tooting, Merton, »nd Earlsfield, were spinning through Brus- sels, full inside and outwito our Tommies. r *?o, far there are. no signs that the Ger

¿ran fleet is anxious just yet to fight that main action in the North Sea that will rettie ocean supremacy and the fate of Em- pires. The position is rather like that of .rvhich Nelson wrote to "My dear Emma." in a letter carefully preserved on the walls r»f the United Service Institute in Whiten îiaTl. He wa* then patrolling fhe Chan- nel, waiting md pi-aymg for the Frene'i fleet io pur. out, and he wrote, with the true Nelson touch. "But I think the French would nioner be damned tban let .Gi catch them tbiee miles from their own

ports." There has been a big spy scare

in London, and not without cause. ' The ' rtohee are arre~fing the Emperor Wilhelms Beeret emissaries, with anus and bombs, by the ecotf. Indignant- Londoners watched the police take twenty-two at one ^'aul, handcuffed, nut of one of the smart- est of the Wort-End hotels one afternoon. Tradesman with German names .are chang- ing them, and ono enterprising firm, with unprecedented commercial candor, adver- tís«. "All our German sausages arc made in,Islington."

Our Handy Maa.

The responsible task of warding the coasts» of France aud England this side of Gib. and smashing the Kaiser's North Sea fleet when it grows tired of being bottled up reposes on the shoulders of Sir John Jellicoe- He h one of our youngest ad- mirals. One of Lord FiFher's special bull drgs, ond the very man the whole navy wanted to get the job. He wpnt down in the Victoria when she was rammed, but saved himself by his strong swimming, .which also euabled him on another occasion to effect one of the pluckiest rescues at sea ever recorded. He was badly wounded in the Pekin expedition, but his daredcvtlry remains unimpaired. When he was in the ¿"?rake she was top of the gunnery averages. Jin ie> the mnn who tricked the defending fleet in tiic last manoeuvres and upset al! the critics by landina troops on our east if«ast. He is a scientific ¡=eaman, with .1 cenius for improvisation. The sort of man be irf well appears from an incident on

manoeuvres a tew yean* ago. |

A Startling Incident.

The battle squadron of one of two rival fleets was at a beautifully safe anchorage. Jtnt a careful look-out wa6 being kept all the same. Tbree rachts were sighted beat- ing in ai laie dusk. They wtrc studiously esauuned, but their sail--, and the ladieb on deck, were quite reasjnrring. The sails weie dummiee, effectually hiding the disguised f'innclR of torpedo ct-ift, and "the ladiefe"' were brawny bluejackets decked out in bl.inkcts, with one young lieutenant in white, yachting ducks gaily twanging i Iranio and warbling a love dittv. The yoclits carno cloie to the battleships, and presently one of them communicated the »lad laconic tidings, "Say, ahoy there, we have just put a couple of torpedoes into you-we're torpedo boat HZ. The others ore doing the same all along the line. Da you hear the row?" And there was a row! Our anny that "swore horribly in Flanders" roisht have picked up a few wrinkles in «aval profanity that night. The admiral's laDguajjc was perfectly "pygmalius." That wa* a joke. Nov.* it will be the real thing. But the n.jvy trusts »Jellicoe all the. same.

Hard Lines on the Milkman.

One phase of the war that everybody bas not enjoyed, but which T believe our terri- torials simply revel in, has been the whole tale commandeering of horses in Tendon tr.d elsewhere. Wherever the mm in khaki bave eecn a likely steed, whether it was between the she fte of a milkshay or draw- ing a private brouglran), thev have held it up in the King's name and led it o£F te the wars. They say that some of our suburban milkmen who have still a nag or two of sort« left spend their time scouting and dodging round the back streets.

Smart Work.

I called in ODe day te wish good luck te two sporting friends who hold commissions in the territorial artillery- While we were talking, and watching the busy bivouac S"cnc around, a waggon laden with minorai waters drove up. While the unsuspecting farter was »seeing the goods unloaded .1 vrtexiisary officer was looking over bis two bornes. They were unharnessed bcfoie the carter knew what was happening. He ex- postulated vigorously, and asked hmv he was to get the waggon back without horses. An officer pointed to the waggon. Two Bi'jn in kbaki, with pots and brushes, were jaunting it the service color. The carter .was speechless. He left on foot, with bis whip in one band %aâ a curt military I.O.U. :n the other. The business of "re cuiationing" goes on actively. I heard to day of ¿ milkman who apologised tor beins lato on the round because onlv tbice ont pf his firm's 16 horses were left. It is re- aro rkable to see how, «prickly the 'army F tri li ni IT. barbe» turn on ordinary bum*

drum tradesman's rwg into a rentable mili- taire b>- cropping and grijoming.

Carpcntier at tJie Front.

Georges Cbrpenticr. the white heary weiglit champion of the world, has joined the French aviation corpa, and is at present training at VeraaHea. He is ?as merry as a schoolboy, although the war is costing him dt least £10,000 a year, and his one regret. is that he cannot settle the business in a lS-ft. ring by meeting Otto Frent, the Ger- man he.ivyweight champion. The French ladies declare that they were quite certain Georges would not shirk his duty at thip hour of France's peril. But not only has Osrpentier joined the army: his trainer has gone to the front ae weil. The latter was instrumental in satisfying the soldiering ambition of a fine young Englishman, an undergraduate of Magdalen College, Oxford, and the son of an old Norfolk family. This youngster bolted for France directly the war broke out, ana before be knew that Kitchener was calling men to the British colora. Wben it was explained to Carpentier's trainer that the upstanding voung Englishman had won prizes at Bisley, and knew something about scout- ing, he rushed him into the French Gari- baldi legion, who may be relied on to ur.hoïd 'he traditions of their name wherever ¿hey go and whatever the odds. The war fever rages nowhere more fiercely toan amons the old army pensioners at Chelsea. These old fellows, with their Tûodals, old-fashioned long scarlet -:oats. and Crimean hats, are to be soen m those stirring times all over London, watching the" froopa and the crowds ..and hobnobbing with use youngsters in khaki. Those Corporal Brewster.- are keen critics of armies and grand strategy, and thoy discuss events with an onfor winch is quite pathetic. There arc many new- fangled arrangemeu ¡¿s since their day. ot which they vaguely disapprove, but they still have unshaken faith in the British army. If .someone respectfully suggests tbas it is rather sm.ill, they retort curtly that it -'s ''big enough for they Germans, ' Tiley are, above all, interested in the fot t lines of their old rc-ghneote, swear by their particular batteries, and tell drama- tically of "battles long ago.*' One old chap, thin and bloodies»?, stopped me lat:» one night in Fir'iamcnr-.sqn.iro, remarking, "Late tionrs, sir. lau.» hours.'' Tins wis to load up to a_ talk about the war. Ho discussed the iatest; news gravply, b.ii shook his head over the French dish :nt;> Alsace. "They be soon up and soon down,"' "he asserted querulously. For the Territorials, some o: whom were still about ai Westminster, and rather festive, toe stiff old veteran had a condescend- ing approval that was more than half envious. "In a week or two they will find its very like work," he said sagely, "and in a month-they wDl be men!" He was a fine old soldier, aud grateful for "a fill of tobacco," but deplored the fact

that» I did not. smoke shag.

The War Muse.

Since the war broke out the spirit >ias moved innumerable poets to burst icio verse. We have had verses from Wil- liam Watson, Henry Newbolt, Robert Bridges, our latest Poet La-area te. and many other more or ¡ess distinguished vexíáficTS. Truth to tell, it has been poor stuff. The spirit has been willin;, but the muse has been rather weak. Most of the literary gentlemen are far too literary and long-naired io tune their lyres to the noto of war.- Perhaps Mr. Rudyard Kipling may have eomethrng to give ¡is later on thaï'will be worth re- membering. Meanwhiîe u sporting poet bas produced by far the best ,t-n:ng_ -""i ih? kind that has yet. ?es»n the E.Vf. has written in ""Town Topics,"' rho best of our weekly sporting papers, a fine fil ting greeting to that paper's _ service readers. It is worth quoting in ful!« Here it is:

"So long:! wlicrcvCT the fates take you.

To what, «jmbittero* field, to what quick death; I know, as I know God, jou w11 be true

To your last breath

To our dear land. whenrhope .and honor dixe'l; . Good fighter and good sjVorlsmaii, tore thee well.

By night, when throut-h the veiling dark thor»» Blip

The sleek, black hulls bearing; their iciriul

. freigiit.

And wheclirur searchlight seeks for deadly ship,

And yon await

The trump that hcraUU death or victor}"

Tou'Jl welcome it.-whichever jt may bo.

When *xiih tile ragged line in pride you ret?'

Into the trenches or a (stubborn foe, i And hurl yourself upon the hedging steel

I also know

You will not fail, but end sa jon began. And go to God unstained-a gentleman."






The grim and terrible ¡stop* of how th« Germans were broken at Liege is'told in full for the first time by the Brüssel» cor- respondent of the "Times."

Tl'e Germans came te Liege a beaten army. The nffWrs thought they bad the easiest task in the world, but with

tue men it was otherwise.

These German soldiers were srloomy an i bewildered. They scarcely realised why the- were there, they did not wish to ne there, and they had beard alrcidy terrib"'j tales of the Cossacks who were ahotit to

enter theil .vmntry and devour ii. _ I

Thi« stilten armv. íiicn, «.Mic to Lir-te -to a city of which the defenders wore animated by but one sen timen t-passion- ate patriotihm. Not a eoldier in the Bel- gian forts or trenches bptwe-^n the forts who doubted why he was there;_ not a min who would have siren np_ his po^t. Hate and anger and fear for their nativ? land .ind their wives and children cxpos-d lo this terrible danger filled every


German Lack of Big Guns.

Ti»» morning dawued hot. and Tari r duli, and disclosed the enemy to tie de fenders of rhe city. The terror of Europe durirg 10 y?ars. tie dreadful war

machine of the Kaiser, «o vaunted, so j th-en toning, was at last about to strike. But any ñníratural anxiety passed within a moment or two a« tho opposing forces beean to engage*.

Tie Germans attacked aiong a very wide front stretching north to the small town ol Vise and ou the south a con- siderable di-jtancti below Liege. The at- tack opened with a general advance on the forts, covered by artillery fife Bul the artillen: ivas not neaw enough-there appear to iave boen no big siege guns and the formation of tie attacking torcos

»a«, impossible.

Incredible as it may saem, there ap- pears to bo no doubt thai these unhappv Gorman soldiers v.ere marched te dcuth aino« shoulder to shoulder. -Tust as Napoleon won -some of "his victories by the suddun annllcation of mere mass, so the Girtnan cenerals. who art- certainly not of the Napnieonic tyre, apparently hoped to "ate the greed of the guns in , the forte hy a holocaust of victims.

The result of their disastrous policy was terrible. Upon these clo«-ei>-kntt ranks, these men who. according to some account's were being driven forward fy their officers-terror dividing iteclf bi- twise discipline and death-the mighty fusillade was opened.

Avenues, according to a very graphic account. 'Vere opened up in the German


Masses of Dead.

Masses of «load began to accumulate in the fields before the fortis. "It was death in haystacks." a Belgian soldier saul in describing the spectacle.

Mcanwhiic in the de"p frenches be- tween ¿be forts, and uniting them, tee Belsian troops lay tiring on the enemy

with their rifles and doing goad execu- | tiou. The forts thundered. Fresh de- tachment after fresh detachment of tie enemy xuslied towards tie trench.^, wts brokeD.~sbattercd-recoiled in horror from th" fearful fusillade.

Yet still they cime, more and "»nor.; of them, sheep driven ruthlessîv to the -sfiughter _according to time-table and without th« slisiz?*- allowance being made for any possible change of ciruani ptanccs. . . . Germany lost probably about three soldiers for every one wiich

Belgium lost.

Towards the afternoon the battle be- came fiercer nil aiong the lines. At one of the foi te tlie G-jrmaus succeeded in gaining .1 footing on tie glacis under the gtçat guns, where they ¡believed them- selves Äiie from slaughter.

German Terror.

'Ti would »seem to be actually tie case,*' an oßicar wio r«ountcd the story declared, "ihat they did not remember or did not know that machine guns w-re awaiting lierai, after they passed from tie aone of 'fire of the great guns. In a moment the slopes were s;*-ept clean; they ran with blood: tie piles of dead grew higher and higher."

During all this time the men in the trenches were impatient to be up and at the enemy. Much of the rifle firing seems actually to bave taken place at about 50 yard? range; but this from the Belgian point of view was not near enough. It ?¿.»s bayonet work which tbey desired. And they had their desire! Bayonet charges were made frequently throughout the «lav.

Amazing «ia it may sound, it is eertaiiily tie case that these bayonet charges more than anything else struck terror into the German heart. At the sight of the steel and the men behind it-the troops of the Kaiser in very many instances turned and


Jn other cas«» they held up their hands and surrendered, and a large number of prisoners were taken. the Belgians with splendid magnanimity pay tribute to the courage of thes»; unhappy Germans. It is not courage, the '"Times" correspondent comments, but a good cause nnd good leadetship which is lacking. The dayr of the automatic machine army are


During the whole o: Thursday. August 6, the attack continued with unab.ited force. The sceDes were fearful, earn-iga bf«p»«i upon carnage, thousands of broken human bodies massed togetbci in fields

ploughed np by a terrific cannonade.

A Famished Army.

Bat tile Belgians stood firm; though their j numbers were vastly inferior to tho-c ot the enemy, their resolve was immeasurably bigger and stronger. Tnej- charged, tiley shot, they struggled even at hand-grips, and aiways it was an ent-onnter to the death. 1 Germany uiurst not pas.«: for the sake oi ¡ home ñud country, Germany muet not

I pass!

And to add te all this horror a desultory luit deadly strife was being waged during tan period in mid-air.

As night bewan to fall on ibis fe-irful day -Tiursday-the German fire gradually .-iVickened off, and finally stopped. The câlin which followed U. described as awe-inspir- ing-a veritable silence of death. Liega remained imtaken: her forte unharmed, her brave defendens undaunted. The German army lay behind its dead, sullen «uid weary find famished.

for added to the bmden of bad tactics, the unhappy soldiers of tie Kaiser had to bear the penalty of a iiwlty commissariat. For two day*;, two days of fierce and ter- rible effort«--, many of them did not break bread. The prisoners frankly confessed tiiat capture had meant a relief from great hunger and a return to strength.

The bijr guns hjd not rome when fchey ' were required, und the bread bad not vtmc.

Piñal! wonder that already the -heart of the . German soldier« has begun to qnaiL

The correspondent goc«» on to quote the account of a Belgian lancer wounded in the j iiege.

"The Belgians Saw Rni."

"It was tragic," he declared, "thr. vray in wbich thess poor fellow-, were driven irp to the guns of the fort.-». They carne in ntassed formation, but so reluctantly. Ii was obvious that tiley came oniy under compulsion. They «tnod bul. rive paces apatt with aliout fifteen paces between the ranks-a solid mass whkh even a woman might, have bit.

I "We simply couldn't mi.*; them. Oitr great guns cut long avenuft- in their rank:;.

Before our int'antiy had begun to charga j

heaps of dead and d vi rig Uv in masses , in tie fields. I do not bclipve that any I out: realises: what the spcaf-ieie w.« lik.-.

i l'"rom avcounts whi.;h 'I have heard Port Arthur was nothing to it.

I ''Our men «-harjed îepêatedly with ib»ed

¡bayonets. T'hcy did not caro. They ~aw

i r*>d. Nothing seemed to -top them. Every ¡ timo, tltcy charged uki German troop«

turned and t.m. They »voie «tnit î; m tri»

back and killed IiAc cattle. Ii. was hor- rible.'"

Dirrill« Thursday nignt rain began to fal], sottiy at first, later in torrents. To- wards the morning the ground was satu- rated. "It is.** a Belgian dfT'iarrf, in viewing the downpour, "tie iand of God at work for our country. Now the Ger- man siege guns cannot advance -o qitlcki.v. '.[li ey are «staye«*. '

The Empty Field?.

But that rain was a terrible tiling for ¿he beans of men lying wounded in t-k*

I fields under tie great silent gun- of the

forts. Then sufferings may be leTt to the imagination. From accounts it i«, .clear that they mu-t have been terrible beyond ail words. The Belgians did they couid te ifford help, nut the im Jiieu-e swt; »jf rbc ra-k made n almost li» îiossible.

And then with the morumg erne th«.1 grear triumph of Hie "plurkie=t State sn Emope"-the fitimans as-ked tor an .miits Ti»-«> At iii st there was a dispo-miou ft ariut vii-, in order tuai the dead and ?wounded might In.» attended to, hut late it was occn rli.vt tins in rca'ity wa« an cxpeJir-nt to gain tiuit- so that roinforee irit'iHs uiifjit be huruod up.

Tiaveller- m the ..ountry teil m» the correspondent add«, ¡.nat though tie han cot this >ear is splendid, hie empt> fields present a very pitiful apecta.-le. Tno wheat ia* been t tit, and in manv cases plaoed in "etooks" in the fields. But the worker- have gone and the work is stajol

I In a three-hour«' journey itiTougu the ' richest part »if the country not a. singh

. male field worker ^vas seen.

The v omeo, hov ever, art» ;«'ting m heroic ûishi m, and the ¡rood sriûs of nature wi!l no! no lo-t One is fo-uWy remmtj d of the Imcs oncni the -American .*¡\ ii war:

Who shall stay te ican the hir'.est when I tie autumn dti\p have »onie' I Hm tilt- '¡nilli an-wcied. Come.

Death shall reap a bra\ei harvest when

the autumn diys have -fomr!

And Belgium his heaTd the call of the

drum and ans'veied it.