A PIONEER CHEMIST.
Druggist Trade in Early Adelaide.
There are few men better known in South Australia than Mr. Harry A. Dale, who has lived all his life in the State,- and enjoys the distinction of being our oldest chemist. He was born in Adelaide in 1852, his father, the late Mr. George Dale, at that time being the proprietor of Dale's Medical Hall, where be carried on a re- tail chemist's business, at No. 85 Hindley ttreet. Mr. Dale received his early edu- cation at a boarding. school, kept by the late Mr. J. D. Willshire, at the Sturt, and when he was 12 years of age he was sent to St. Peter's College, 'where he re- mained until he was 16, when he was apprenticed to his father's business. Mr. George Dale had died in the interim, and his business was being carried on by his executors, the Hon. (afterwards Sir Wil liam) Morgan, and Mr. Robert— popularly known as 'Pegleg'— Hall, who at that time kept a photographer's shop next to Mr. A. J. Lovely, and the firm became the landlord of the Gresham Hotel. Dale's Medical Hall was next door to the old Victoria Hotel, and at the time of Mr. Dale's apprenticeship was managed by Mr. W. Goddard, in behalf of the trunstees. His apprenticeship lasted for five years, by which time he was 21, and then, accord ing to the terms of his father's will, the business had to be sold. Sir. Dale ten dered for it, but it passed into the hands of F. H. Faulding & Co.,- who put Mr. W Goddard in charge/ and he then car ried on the 'business under - the name of W. Goddard & Co. After three or four years, Goddard repudiated Faulding and Co.'s ownership, the result being that he lost an action which they brought against him, was ejected, and Mr. W. Long took charge. He was subsequently joined by Mr. A. J. Lovely, and the firm became known by the euphonious title of Long and Lovely. Starting as a retailer, in the same way as the late Mr. F. H. Faulding, Mr. George Dale found his business in crease to such an extent that it became imperative to do a wholesale trade as well, and young Dale, shortly after he entered on his articles, was sent out into the coun try as a traveller. There were few re tail chemists in those early days in the country. So far as Mr. Dale can remem ber, they were— Messrs. T. W. Wilkinson (Burra), Thorup (Gawler), Beythein (Moonta), and T. Jackson (Kapunda). In 1874 he went to Terowie to manage a branch business in that town for Mr. T.
W. Wilkinson, and after remaining there or 15 years purchased the concern. - On eaving Terowie he opened a chemist's rhop on the Parade, Norwood, where 1m ;arried on business for 30 years, when he retired. ' ,. City Druggists of tne Past When questioned retarding the names of the city chemists when he entered the business, Mr. Dale said that Mr. James Allen had a shop at the corner of Hindley , and Morphett streets, then came Dale's Medical Hall, and further on Main and Geyer's establishment, which was situated between Miller, Anderson's and the Ex change Hotel. In Rundle street Messrs.' F. H. 'Faulding & Co. had a retail business, their wholesale establishment being at the rear of this in Clarence place. Lower down, close to Brunkhorst's, was W. D. Allott's shop, and a. Dr. Healy had a dis pensary at the corner of Rundle and Pul teney streets, which was subsequently car ried on by Mr. W. D. Porter. On the other side of Pulteney street Mr. Wood had a pharmacy, close to Tavistock street. Mr. Bickford, the grandfather of the pre sent members of the well-known firm. of wholesale druggists, Messrs. A. M. Bick ford & Sons, was at that time practising as a veterinary surgeon in Hindley street, and it was there he started the business which after his death developed into a wholesale concern, and was subsequently removed to Currie street. It was next door to Miller, Anderson's, on the west side; and on the death of Mr. Bickford was managed by the late Mr. K. Hutton. Subsequently, in 1884, the firm disposed of it to the late Mr. J. Provost. When Mr. Dale was a boy there were only two whole- sale businesses, viz., Dale's Medical Hall— which was originally started by a chemist named Paxton— and F. H. Faulding & Co., both of which did a retail trade at the same time. A little late Mr. Heuzenroeder started a chemist's business in Rundle street, next to Gercke & Roedemann's. It was subsequently acquired by Messrs. Gunther & Von Doussa, and' afterwards by Mr. B. Grummett. In those days the chemists packed all the important tinc- tures and liniments in small bottles for sale by the storekeepers. Such lines as citric acid, baking powder, bicarbonate of soda, carbonate of ammonia, and culinary essences, were not handled by the whole-
sale grocers, the retail grocer purchasing them from the wholesale chemist. The line of demarcation was then more clearly defined than is the case at present. There was no restricting Poisons Act. in those days. In all places where there were no retail pharmacists, the grocers stocked lines as spirits of ammonia, sweet spirits of nitre, laudanum; friars' balsam, and so on. The principal patents sold were Cockle's Holloway's, and Norton's camo- mile pills, while the wholesale houses put up what was commonly called antibilious or aperient pills. . There were no pill making machines at that time. The appren tice had to hammer away all day with a pestle and mortar, and make his pills with a wooden block. But they got good prices for their drugs, and people, were more contented than they are nowadays. Mr. Dale's father was a chemist in Manchester before he came to South Australia, and he has an uncle still living— the head of the firm of John Dale & Co., proprietors of the Cornbrook Chemical Works, Hulme. Manchester. The subject of our sketch is now -taking life easily, and his many friends will hope that he may be spared for many years to enjoy the rest he has so well earned.