A Pioneer Home.
[By Townacre.] -
My old friend of many a walk through the city during the past few months was on the sick list this week, and I was com mencing to worry about a supply of copy, when Mr. W. B. Wilkinson suggested a motor run down to the home of the Everard family, on the road to Glenelg. It was a brilliant suggestion, as Ashford and Marshfield comprise the oldest farm in the State, and recently a considerable por-
tion of the original selection of 2,000 acres, w-hich waa taken up in London by Dr. 0. G. Everard before he sailed ior South Aus tralia in 1836, has been subdivided for tioser setkment. The land selected by this line old pioneer extended almost from Uood-a-coul to Glenelg, and the wisdom of his choice is bcarjng fruit to-day. The time ie fast approuehing when the whole of the land between Adelaide and Glenelg will be utilized for 'building .purooiiis, and at frequent intervals more of these park like paddocks are receiving attention from surveyors of suburban allotments. It seems like a desecration of old-time memo ries that the fine old trees which have been growing for centuries should be re moved, but sentiment has ifco 'oe tliruet aside when tuie demands of -the moment have to be served!.
DH. C. O. EVEHARD. the fine old pjonecr, who selected Aflbford and Mariifield. on the Bay road, in 1S38.
DH. C. O. EVEHARD. the fine old pjonecr, who selected Aflbford and Mariifield. on the Bay road, in 1S38.
—The Old Homo.— 3-. Evorard established hia home at what. is known as AsTiford. but Marsh field, where .his granddaughter (Mra VV. O. iNash) is residing, was a portion of -the estate originally selected. 1 had the pri vilege of entering that fine old homestead on Tuesday, and the pleasure of meeti.ig Mrs. Nash. The .whole atmosphere was de lightful; it seemed to suggest- lavender, old lace, and rare china. It can easily be un deratood that Mrs. Xash 'loves every inch of the old home,' and it must be dis tressing to Bee tihe broad acres -bains; trans formed iotq townships. 'Why,' she told me, 'they actually cut down the beaut.ful old mulberry tree which mv grandfather brought out from the Cape of Good Hopa; it waa the first muiberry tree planted in 6outh Australia.' And I expect a eimikr fate awaits a gum tree, which -must have been one of the' giants of the forest.' Fire appears to Shave partially destroyed it years ago, and some idea may be formed of the growth of thie tree when, it ib stated that the butt measures 45 ft. in circumference. It is a little east of this old tree that Messrs. Wilkinson, Sando. & WyJes -win submit a num'ber of building erte3 on Saturday nert. Mrs. Naah showed me quite a num ber of interesting relics of the past, and among these was a letter written on May 29, 1837, by Dr. Everard to 'his sister in England. He arrived in the State whh wis wife, three sons (William. Charles, and Jam-s) and one daughter 'EKza.1, by the Africane on November 9, 1836. — An Interesting Letter. — This interesting le&ter describes his impressions:— 'Adelaide, South Austra lia, ilay 29. 1837. iMy dear SiBter-The brig JRapid, being on the noint of sailinc
to Jingland, I eeize the opportunity oi sending you a *ew lines. We saUed from ?the Dawns on the 3rd of July, and after a most beautiful voyage landed at Kangaroo Island on the 3rd of November. We stopped a week by tihe way to refresh at the Cape of Good Hope, which appeared to me a charmingly picturesque and roman tic country. I made an excursion on, horse back about 24 miles across the ? country, and was delighted with the natural flora and the great variety and beautiful plumage of the birds. I travelled the 24 miles one night alter sunset, and was at tacked by several dogs, which .rushed out upon t-e road, barking, or, rather howling, at the heels of my horse. I was informed afterwards that they were hyenas. The wild animals appear to me a great draw back to enjoying a rural life at the Cape, for even in the immediate vicinity of the town tigers are occasionally met with. One mountain near is called Tiger Berg. At Simon'stown we were very hospitably enter ta£ned at the house of a merchant, while James and Charles 'rent in a. bullock wagon, drawn by 18 oxen, some miles up the country to the farm of a Dutch wine merchant, who 'was -very kind to them. Six weeks after leaving our kind friends at the Cape we landed at Kangaroo Island, which did not present anything remarkable to induce us .to remain there. The 'whole is land appears a vast thicket of rother small trees, with 'thick undergrowth of ever greens, many of which «were exceedingly ornamental; but the soil was sandy, and fresh water 'was to be found but in few places. The South Australian Conrpany have, ihowever, established a settlement there, at a beautiful Bay called Nepean, and; nave given the name of KingKote to a town. We, however, lost two of our set tlers there, who, with four more, at tempted -to cross the island. They were lost in t'he bush, and died probably of thirst. We stayed four days at Kangaroo Island, arid then proceeded to the spot which our chief surveyor indicated as the p'ace probibly of our future settlement, which was miles up . St. Vincent Gulf; and on the 9th of November we landed at Holdiast Bay, and pitched our tent about a mile from the beach, near some fine ponds of fresh water abounding wifh -wild flowers. You must understand ?we were the -first settlers. Those who had preceeded us were the surveyors and their people and some of -ihe companies iviio founded the settlement at Kangaroo Is land, where they had been about four months when we arrived. After pitching our tente and landing . our goods, myself, William, and our man proceeded to build a cottage, the one in ?which we now live, and a very comfortable one it is, I assure you. The framework is of small trees, the wails of flags cut from the lagoon, the roof of reeds, the interior fittings are of deal. ? 1_:_'U ..n Twined clliT\ TFOT-ii rtlll. V»OriT»ln Nlfl.
the floor' of clay rammed hard to make firm, and covered partly with India matblng, partly of oilclioths. We then dug up a bit of ground for a garden in which vegetables grew well. I had some delicious water melons, some of 10 fi-. -weixl-.fc. the seed of whkh I procured at the Cape. We oc casionally shot for dinner ducks. After a very long delay the site of the chief town was fixed, and we have been upon our town lands about a month. It certainly is admirably chosen and must eventually become a very prosperous city. It is situ ated upon two gentle slopes, with a river between of excellent water, beautiful grassy plains surround it, with a^sufiiciency of timber to make it look well. It is five miles from -where our oobcaze is situ ated, which is now called Gleneijt, and seven mjles from the harbour, which is called Port Adelaide, but a canal is con templated of six miles in length, which will 'bring merchandise from the port to the city. They did not_ make the city at the port on account of its marshy situation, and its want of good water. I have 10 acres in the town, five of which, were mine
by priority of choice, the remainder I bought at public sale, and the average price was £6 per acre. I -ft-oiLd net sell one of my first five for less than £200. I «m £iow, a iiui \\ li.i.im » .!.ss.ot.uii:w oaly iei. ang and grubbing up the trees upon cne acre preparatory to building my wwn! house. I have, lost my labourer, be would : not work for me longer, although I had agreed to give him 12/ per week, but he| could earn more, he said, and if I did not \ choose co advance him, he would leave me,! and he accordingly did so. In Eng-and he | did not earn on an average more than 6/ per week, and did not taste meat from cne week's end to the other, but here he got meat every day, and less than a bottle of rum per dav. wus not enough for him. Honeac, sober, industrious labourers are much wanted here; they would very much better their conditions, and would soon be come independent. Therefore, W'liiam and I are obliged to work hard, but we enjoy at, .is we know it is all for our own comfort and prosperity. The Governor would have appointed me to the Magis tracy if I could have made up my mjnd to live at Kangaroo Island, and I should have had £100 per annum, but I declined, as 1 liked this place too well to leave it alto gether. His Excellency has given one en tertainment since he 'has been here, a bail and supper, to which we were invited, and it passed off very agreeably. I do not expect we shall gee our country sections for 12 months to come, we have such ft paucity of good surveyors. The Rapid goes to England for the purpose of fetching some. But before my paper ;8 lUled 1 should 'tell you chat the country, soil, arxi n'imata Pipppd mv nnwt canmrinp pvr--?r?ta-
tions, and that I would not return to live in England on any account. This is near our shortest day, and the days are 'like Eng lish summer; thermometer 65— at night from 56 to 60— the greatest heat of sum mer has been 110 in the shade, hut very endurable on account of the fine land and sea breezes. William desires hia kind love to his cousins, and to tell Elizabeth that if she does not brinp it herself, he fears he will never receive the purse she promised! to make for hhn. the distance is only 12,000 miles. I have no room for more than to say we all enjoy excellent heakh, and with best wishes of us all to all, yours, believe' me, to remain every yours truly, sincerely, and affectionately, Chas. G. Everard.' A footnote stated:— 'Pigeons, black and white cockatooes, and parakeets of most charming plumage and great variety. AH of the birds, as also quail, were to be met with in abundance; the quail are most de licate eating. James at present is our only sportsman, and an excellent shot he is, rarely failing to bring down his bird, and it would have amused you to have seen him with h'is gun and a naked native boy on each side of him showing him the game. Apropos of the natives, they are far from numerous, and on the most friendly terms with us, doing us any kind office they can such as fetching wood and wtater, and are very grateful for anything we give them, and very fond of biscuits.' It waB in 1837 or 38 that William Everard planted the first wheat in South Australia
(alongside Alorphett street). He had to pick up part of the yard, as it was too hard ' to dig, and he sowed the seed. The wheat came up and grew like nvigic; spring rains ' ?brought the plants as high as the fence, great heavy e&ra began to show, and parvsers-'nv ai] stoned to srazo in thankful ness. They saw that the new land was fertile, and they would not longer be de pendent on chance shipments of -perhaps damaged flour at £8 a bag. 'F. S. D.' writes:— Tbe articles appear ing weekly in your paper 'by 'Townacre' on the several streets in the early days of Adelaide have afforded a deul oi pleasure to those residents of 50 years or more ago, and provided quite a fund of subjects for conversation connected with early reminis cences, while at the sune time thoroughly interesting the.:, younger, generation - of Adelaideans and later colonists. But, as might reasonably ibe expected to happen, 'Townaore's' 'good old frientf' would in all likelihood be better acquainted with one locality of the city than another, apart from hia memory not carrying him as far back as otiier city-born residents; so in that respect the early history has the ap pearance of being faulty consequently. Nevertheless it affords subject 'matter for much controversy of comradeship, innate from our British parentage, and when one looks baick to wha't beset the pioneers of the colony, the long tedious passage in a sailing vessel extending over some months (ao different from the luxurious and steaoj transit by the present large ocean-goinp steamers), and reaching Australia as a swamp and scrub, then to land amidst a horde of wild natives, and form a settle ment for future generations— one feels almost impelled to raise the hat in memory of -these early pioneers. So that the poo'i tion of some early buildings may be recor ded, it might be .mentioned that on the southern side of Flinders street, before the two-story buildings now appearing were erected, there was on a part of the vacant block Weibourne's cooperage. The top story structure was ocoupied 'by Messrs. Coombe and Blackmore, and by Mrs. Selth, iiid the late F. Basse commenced business
Kuhnel also had rooms. Then came what is now known as Molton's lane, on the eastern corner. Air. Molton exhibited pic tures in the window, the large front room being used for dancing .pupils, as Mr. Mol ton taught dancing, and did picture fram ing Then came Hill's (upholsterer), Gooden's, and later Sexton'abasket making then Culley's, another picture framer and on the corner of Freeman street Mahnke's shop and bakery. Crossing the road on southern side was a paddock up to J. 0. Ladd's aerated factory, which stood on the site of the Baptist Church Manse. Then came' Divett street, and at the cor ner of Doreetta 'terrace. Miee HiUier had a ladies' seminary. Afterwards Mr. Fer nerly occupied the house. On the other corner of Roper street iMr. A. J. Baker (Superintendent of the Fire Brigade) and the Hon. Charles Mann, occupied the pre mises; later Dr. Kidnerand Mrs. Beeby. On the eastern corner were Delano's shop, a dwellin- and a one-story shop occupied by Mrs. Medicroft, then came the London Inn- the first occupier being a Mr. Love lock', and later T. Blinman. Then came a small cottage 'standing far back,- occupied by Mr. Hayden, and again back from the footpath, O'Leary's two .cottages. Still going eaet were Mr. 0. Rankin's timber yard and workshop, and two-atory dwel lings, one rented by Mr. 'Paynter and later by Mr. C. Mann, then a small cottage, a paddock, and Wyman's blacksmith shop on the corner of Pulteney etreet. Opposite aras Gbristian'B shop, later Bricknell's. Going east two or three small shops, one Zsohorn's, end then came Berrimaa's house, with a garden in front, standing well back. Summers's boys' school was at the rear of it. Mrs. Neiumann resided and gave mufiic lessons. A few cottages followed, and then 'there was a paddock to East terrace. On the northern side of Flinders street, about where the Earl of
Zetland stands, was a large area enclosed with a , high wall, which was used as a barracks for soldiers going to am? from New Zealand, -then, came a paddock to Prvz aodda's: -then E. Fischer's engineer works; then Wyatt etreet: a small paddock and two cottages — one, I thinik, was where Mr. ?Simpson first started in business, before removing to Gawler place. Then came Wanstal s butcher's shop, a yard, a small paddock, and Scriomburgk's biker's shop; then tlie small street and paddock to the Somerset Inn, which was. occupied by Tun stall; in the yard horses were broken in by one of the soa*. On the opposite corner was St. Paul's Church Manse, then a pad dock led to two double-story .building, one of which was occupied by Mr. Fahlbusch, the tailor; then there was a paddock to Hutt street. Mr. Rymill resided on the opposite northern corner, and on the cor ner of Flinders street and East terrace Mr. A J. Baker erected a large residence.