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In a very short time, Britain, France and Poland may be at war with Germany and Italy. The belief Is expressed in same quarters that the war will be of short duration; the

same view was expressed in 1814, but the conflict lasted (our years. It bt unfortunate that Inventions have limited the insularity of Britain. The Great War would have been sooner ended had it not been for submarines, and now the deadly activity of bomb Ing machines has robbed the channel of much of its protective power. The war In the air of 18S9 will be 20 times as intensive as that of 1914; Indeed in the face of the terrible destructive power of air machines It Is difficult to imagine how any great attacking armies can be assembled. The navies of Britain and France are so superior to those of Germany and Italy that it is Improbable we shall see any great naval engagement ouch as that at Jutland. In this branch there should be no anxiety unless some particu larly deadly form of submarine has been evolved by our enemies. The week following the declaration of war will be full of agonising thrills. Hitler may hope to strike at the heart of Britain by bombing. London, but at the same time Britain and France may thrust at Berlin. It is presumed Italy will take the offensive with Germ^py, and in that case will attack France; Germany will attempt to overwhelm Poland, and in the meantime Britain and France will be alive to air fighting offensives as well as defensives. The French will rely on their Maglnot line from the Belgian border to Switzerland, but only natural barriers protect the right wing of the French army. Everything Is apparently let for this maelstrom of murder, in which tens of thousands of the flower of the men of every land will have a terrible ending. In ring fights each boxer manoeuvres with epecial care for fear his rival may possess' some new concealed king hit That is the attitude of the national fighters to day; a fear of surprise. This will In time disappear and then will come a war of attrition; the capacity to stick It out for which the French .and British nations are famed. . ... : ? . How quickly events have been changed In the events leading up to the present crisis. At first it was be lieved Russia would probably join the peace front, (orthat country was col laborating with Britain and France in the support of China and the Japanese considered themselves, prac tically members ot the Berlin— Rome— Toldo axis. Then the Reich announced its non-aggresalon pact with Russia to the dismay of the Japanese nation from the Mikado to the lowest rickshaw man. The German— Russian pact, though It may assist Hitler with foodstuffs and ar mament and though a severe dis appointment to the democratic na tions, has rid them of a potential enemy. Russia has decided not to be In the fight; while the danger of Japan as a third partner in the Rome — Berlin axis disappears. The Japanese are entrenched within a couple of thousand miles of Australia and had they been allied with Ger many and Italy would have been a terrible danger to Australasia. With the subjects ot the Mikado ruled out, any fight will now be concentrated ia

Western Europe. Our deepest sym pathy; must be accorded to* our coun trymen In the little Island who have arrived at the' decision the British nation must fight or. perish. It U on them the tremendous Issues depend, but Australia cannot look' on; we must do our share: we can supply foodstuffs, wool, iron and steel and other requirements, and If necessary we will have to supply men. We have done it before and we can do It again.

i ? — ? ? Townsville Master Butchers an nounce that their shops will be closed from noon to-day. A lecture on mission work in China wlU be given by Mr. R. A. Vines In the Y.W.CA. Rooms, to-mororw night at 7.80. _ To-night is visitors' evening at the R£J3.lLa. Memorial HaU, Sturt street. commencing at 8 o'clock. A session of plain and fancy skating will be held at the Estate Theatre to-night at 7.30. The Military Ball will be held In the Exhibition HaU to-night with the Ritzy Revellers Orchestra. By advertisement in this Issne, chemists advise that their shops will be dosed from 1 p.m. to 6.30 p.m. to day and to-morrow. Members of the Magnetic Lodge, No. 37. P.AJ.S.0A., and their wives are invited to attend the golden jubilee banquet to be held in the Roof Garden Cafe on Friday at 7.30 p.m. A carpet of flowers will be on view at the West End Methodist Church on September 1 and 2, together with other features. Fifty of the 80 men engaged on the P.EX reclamation scheme at North Ward received notices terminating their employment on Monday and will cease wock on Thursday night. Following an Incident In Flinders Street on Tuesday night In which, It is understood a woman was Involved, a man was escorted to the Ambulance by police and was treated for punc tured wounds on the face and the hands. The termlnalla about town are shed ding their leaves; the autumn tints be ing very attractive. One tree on the Strand lost every leaf and Is appar ently dead. In a week It will be fully clad with deep green leaves; the trans formation 1b amazingly rapid. 1 Letters of administration in the lands and goods of Pasko Miskovich, late of Mourilyan, canefarmer, who died at Innisfall on March 4, 1939, In testate, were granted by the Regis trar (Mr. J. Shannon) at the Supreme Court on Tuesday to Iva Miskovich, of Mourilyan, widow. Sworn at realty £8239, personalty £6176. Taken out by Wilson, Ryan and Grose, town agents for Migbell, Lee-Bryce and Vandeleur, Innisfall. After a season of approximately 18 weeks, the Swift Australian Com pany's meatworks at Alligator Creek ceased killing operations on Tuesday, with an aggregate for the season of 86,000 head, which Is over 12,000 short of last year's figures, and the lowest kill since 1935. The manager of the works -Mr. W. Story) stated that it was only a mediocre season, attribu tes to the absence of December and January rains. Sufficient meat Is held in storage to meet overseas ship ments under normal conditions until the end of the year. On Saturday last the Townsville office of the Queensland Primary Producers' Association took delivery of 183 rams consigned to Stewart Moore and Company, Dunluce, Hugh enden. These were railed west pn Monday. Other live stock handled by the agency were 15 Poll Hereford bulls, 10 Poll Hereford heifers, and a. Zebu bull which arrived from Rock hampton for K. J. Atkinson, Wai runa, Ingham, and a Poll Hereford bull for J. Rolllnson, Allendale, Homestead. Accommodation has been booked with the Railway Department this week for the transport of 10,600 sheep mostly stores, from western stations, the majority being consigned to the central and southern divisions. On Monday, truckings were completed of 2000 from Olio to Dartmouth, 1600 from Stamford to Dalby, and 1800 from Hughenden to Dalby, with 1000 going forward from Oorindl for Gin borough on Tuesday. To-day, 1000 will be loaded at Richmond (or Hugh enden, with 3,200 moving from Max welton to Meandarra on Thursday. The criminal sittings of the Mac kay Circuit Court will be commenced before His Honor Mr. Justice a J. Douglas on Tuesday next. Only two matters are listed for trial, a charge against Victor Deguara that alleged ly, he placed an explosive substance on the stump cap of a building with Intent to do bodily barm, and charges of alleged murder, and alleged unlaw fully attempting to kill against Wil liam Royal Stanfield Samson;

Approximately 3,200 fat bullocks will be transported to meatworks by Uie Railway Department this week, with over 1500 consigned to the Q.M.E Company's works at Ross River. Cannon Hill will receive 1000, and the balance will go to Merinda. The local supplies will be drawn from Dajarra 600, Wlnton 600, Richmond 200, Ingham 90 and Sellhelm 75, with Colluuville 200, Sellhelm 375 and Ingfaam 36 the trucking centres for those bound for Merinda. The Can non H1U orders will comprise 800 from both Richmond and Sellhelm, and 200 from Hughenden and Da jarra. Over 2,800 store cattle will also be handled, and 126 head for butchers. Probate of the will and one codlcal of William Charles Champion, late of Flinders-street, Townsvllle, tobacco nist and bookmaker, who died at Townsville on December 19, 1938, was granted by the Registrar (Mr. J. Shannon) at the Supreme Court on Tuesday to the Union Trustee Com pany of Australia Limited, Townsville, and Clementine Champion, of Victoria street Stanton Hill, widow. Sworn at realty £21266, . personalty £7896. Taken out by Wilson, Ryan and Grose. In the will of Friti Ludwig Pllchowskl late of Wagoora, near Mackay, farmer, who died In an Ambulance car between The Leap and Farlelgh on -March 10 1939, probate was grant ed to Alice Pilohowskl, of Wagoora, widow. Sworn at realty nil, person alty £2191. Taken out by Roberts, Leu and North, town agents for 8. B. Wright and Wright, Mackay. The fascinating pastime of building and flying model aeroplanes does not appear to be as well known and fol lowed in this city as It !? In other parts of Australia. However, for some lime past a small group of enthusiasts has been gathering In Queen's Park on Sunday mornings lo fly their models, and some excellent perform ances have been put up, flights of a' duration of a minute and more being quite the usual thing. None of the models are more than three feet In span, and all are powered with a skein of rubber. The best time recorded had been three minutes and then four, but on last Sunday morning a model, built and flown by Mr. Les. Miller, picked up a rising air current after having been launched, and drifted away to wards Stanton Hill, where it caught the up draft over the hill, and was carried on over the city. The model ?u kept In sight from the flying field, and after 4 minutes 25 seconds, then a mere speck In the aky, disap peared from the watchers* view be hind the hill. The owner followed the model on a bicycle, keeping It In sight until he he reached Lowtb's Bridge, where he lost sight of It It was then several hundred feet high and appar ently not losing any altitude. The model was a high wing monoplane and was. equipped with a. slngle-t)lade4

folding propeller; the fuselage was colored yellow, the wing yellow on top and red underneath, with similar color combinations on the tall assembly. It has not yet been recovered. The in trinsic value of the model is small, but It represents many weeks of patient work and experiment as well as a good deal of research. Following a desire by the defendant Cyril Anthony Lyall Cox, to have a prohibition order Issued against him, Mr. R. H. Allen, Police Magistrate, in the Police Court on Tuesday morn ing decided to extend leniency to the defendant and entered a conviction without punishment Cox had ap peared on a charge that he made use of obscene language In Livingstone street West End, on Monday evening. He Informed the Court that he did not recall the offence, as he had been drinking, and Mr. Allen decided to enter a plea of not guilty. Evidence of the offence was given by Constable A. V. Moylan, of West End, who men tioned two complaints received on Monday afternoon that the defendant had threatened his wife and step daughter. On the first occasion, Cox was not at home when he arrived, and on the second visit he warned Cox to desist in hlc conduct Cox re plying that he would never be stop ped. About 7 o'clock on Monday evening, he met the defendant's wife and step-daughter -in Livingstone street end, following a conversation with them, he took up a position about 15 yards from Cox's house. Some 20 minutes later, he heard Cox make use of the language complained of, referring at the same time to resi dents across the road. Leaving the verandah of the house. Cox made fur ther use of obscene language. He ar rested the defendant and conveyed him to the watchhouse. When charged, Cox repeated that the police would never stop him. In a state ment Cox stated that be was under the Influence of liquor, and did not recall making any statement that he would never be stopped. . .if lie were given, a chance,' he would willingly take out a prohibition order against' himself, as drink was the cause of the trouble at his home. Mr. Allen com mented that no man In sober senses would conduct himself as Cox was do Ing, but If Cox was prepared to re form, he would extend leniency. On the defendant undertaking to sign the prohibition order, Mr. Allen en tered a conviction without further punishment Genuine 'Kelvinator' Refrigerator! are being; offered at a liberal discount That's the message from McKimmln's to-day. They have a few models that are slightly shop-soiled, but are quite perfect mechanically and carry the usual five-year gusrantee. There are three different sizes available — but as the number Is limited, McKimmln's advise an early call. They are also agents for the new 'Icicle1' kerosene operated Refrigerators, which are | available In two large sizes of six and j nine cubic feet capacity— which should be a great boon to all country dwellers. McKimmln's will be pleased to give fun particulars to any In quirers. ? McKlmmln and Richardson (Pty.) Ltd, on the Historic Comer, will close at one o'clock to-day for the Amateur races and don't forget next Sunday win lie Fathers' Day. Useful presents for Dad's Day. Bells box or HoIeprooT Sox 2/11 pair. New ties for Dad's Day 2/6, 2/11, 4/6; Cesarine shirts 141 to 17i, 7/11; are some suggestions for Dad's Day from McKunmm's on the Historic ^Corner.*