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The Townsville Daily Bulletin WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1939,


In a very short time, Britain, France and Poland may be at war with Germany and Italy. The belief is expressed in same quarters that the war will be of short duration; the

same view was expressed in 1914, but the conflict lasted four years. It is unfortunate that inventions have limited the insularity of Britain. The Great War would have been sooner ended had it not been for submarines, and now the deadly activity of bomb- ing machines has robbed the channel of much of its protective power. The war in the air of 1939 will be 20 times as intensive as that of 1914; indeed in the face of the terrible destructive power of air machines it is difficult to imagine how any great attacking armies can be assembled. The navies of Britain and France are so superior to those of Germany and Italy that it is improbable we shall see any great naval engagement such as that at Jutland. In this branch there should be no anxiety unless some particu- larly deadly form of submarine has been evolved by our enemies. The week following the declaration of war will be full of agonising thrills. Hitler may hope to strike at the heart of Britain by bombing London, but at the same time Britain and France may thrust at Berlin. It is presumed Italy will take the offensive with Germany, and in that case will attack France; Germany will attempt to overwhelm Poland, and in the meantime Britain and France will be alive to air fighting offensives as well as defensives. The French will rely on their Maginot line from the Belgian border to Switzerland, but only natural barriers protect the right wing of the French army. Everything is apparently set for this maelstrom of murder, in which tens of thousands of the flower of the men of every land will have a terrible ending. In ring fights each boxer manoeuvres with special care for fear his rival may possess some new concealed king hit. That is the attitude of the national fighters to- day; a fear of surprise. This will in time disappear and then will come a war of attrition; the capacity to stick it out for which the French and British nations are famed.           How quickly events have been changed in the events leading up to the present crisis. At first it was be- lieved Russia would probably join the peace front, for that country was col- laborating with Britain and France in the support of China and the Japanese considered themselves, prac- tically members ot the Berlin— Rome—Tokio axis. Then the Reich   announced its non-aggression pact with Russia to the dismay of the Japanese nation from the Mikado to the lowest rickshaw man. The German—Russian pact, though it may   assist Hitler with foodstuffs and ar- mament and though a severe dis- appointment to the democratic na- tions, has rid them of a potential enemy. Russia has decided not to be in the fight; while the danger of Japan as a third partner in the Rome—Berlin axis disappears. The     Japanese are entrenched within a couple of thousand miles of Australia and had they been allied with Ger- many and Italy would have been a terrible danger to Australasia. With the subjects ot the Mikado ruled out, any fight will now be concentrated in

Western Europe. Our deepest sym- pathy must be accorded to our coun- trymen in the little island who have arrived at the decision the British nation must fight or perish. It is on them the tremendous issues depend, but Australia cannot look on; we must do our share; we can supply foodstuffs, wool, iron and steel and other requirements, and if necessary we will have to supply men. We have done it before and we can do it again.

        Townsville Master Butchers an- nounce that their shops will be closed from noon to-day. A lecture on mission work in China will be given by Mr. R. A. Vines in the Y.W.C.A. Rooms, to-mororw night at 7.30.   To-night is visitors' evening at the R.S.S.I.L.A. Memorial Hall, Sturt- street. commencing at 8 o'clock. A session of plain and fancy skating will be held at the Estate Theatre to-night at 7.30. The Military Ball will be held in the Exhibition Hall to-night with the Ritzy Revellers Orchestra. By advertisement in this issue, chemists advise that their shops will be closed from 1 p.m. to 6.30 p.m. to- day and to-morrow. Members of the Magnetic Lodge, No. 37, P.A.F.S.O.A., and their wives are invited to attend the golden jubilee banquet to be held in the Roof Garden Cafe on Friday at 7.30 p.m. A carpet of flowers will be on view at the West End Methodist Church on September 1 and 2, together with other features. Fifty of the 80 men engaged on the P.E.I. reclamation scheme at North Ward received notices terminating their employment on Monday and will cease work on Thursday night. Following an incident in Flinders Street on Tuesday night, in which, it is understood a woman was involved, a man was escorted to the Ambulance by police and was treated for punc- tured wounds on the face and the hands. The terminalia about town are shed- ding their leaves; the autumn tints be- ing very attractive. One tree on the Strand lost every leaf and is appar- ently dead. In a week it will be fully clad with deep green leaves; the trans- formation is amazingly rapid. Letters of administration in the   lands and goods of Pasko Miskovich, late of Mourilyan, canefarmer, who died at Innisfail on March 4, 1939, in- testate, were granted by the Regis- trar (Mr. J. Shannon) at the Supreme Court on Tuesday to Iva Miskovich, of Mourilyan, widow. Sworn at realty £8239, personalty £6176. Taken out by Wilson, Ryan and Grose, town agents for Mighell, Lee-Bryce and Vandeleur, Innisfail. After a season of approximately 18 weeks, the Swift Australian Com- pany's meatworks at Alligator Creek ceased killing operations on Tuesday, with an aggregate for the season of 36,000 head, which is over 12,000 short of last year's figures, and the lowest kill since 1935. The manager of the works (Mr. W. Story) stated that it was only a mediocre season, attribu- tes to the absence of December and January rains. Sufficient meat is held in storage to meet overseas ship- ments under normal conditions until the end of the year. On Saturday last the Townsville office of the Queensland Primary Producers' Association took delivery of 183 rams consigned to Stewart Moore and Company, Dunluce, Hugh- enden. These were railed west on Monday. Other live stock handled by the agency were 15 Poll Hereford bulls, 10 Poll Hereford heifers, and a Zebu bull which arrived from Rock- hampton for K. J. Atkinson, Wai- runa, Ingham, and a Poll Hereford bull for J. Rollinson, Allendale, Homestead. Accommodation has been booked with the Railway Department this week for the transport of 10,600 sheep mostly stores, from western stations, the majority being consigned to the central and southern divisions. On Monday, truckings were completed of 2000 from Olio to Dartmouth, 1600 from Stamford to Dalby, and 1800 from Hughenden to Dalby, with 1000 going forward from Oorindi for Gin- borough on Tuesday. To-day, 1000 will be loaded at Richmond for Hugh- enden, with 3,200 moving from Max- welton to Meandarra on Thursday. The criminal sittings of the Mac- kay Circuit Court will be commenced before His Honor Mr. Justice R. J. Douglas on Tuesday next. Only two matters are listed for trial, a charge against Victor Deguara that alleged- ly, he placed an explosive substance on the stump cap of a building with intent to do bodily harm, and charges of alleged murder, and alleged unlaw- fully attempting to kill against Wil- liam Royal Stanfield Samson.

Approximately 3,200 fat bullocks will be transported to meatworks by the Railway Department this week, with over 1500 consigned to the Q.M.E Company's works at Ross River. Cannon Hill will receive 1000, and the balance will go to Merinda. The local supplies will be drawn from Dajarra 600, Winton 600, Richmond 200, Ingham 90 and Sellheim 75, with Collinsville 200, Sellheim 375 and Ingham 36 the trucking centres for those bound for Merinda. The Can- non Hill orders will comprise 300 from both Richmond and Sellheim, and 200 from Hughenden and Da- jarra. Over 2,300 store cattle will also be handled, and 126 head for butchers. Probate of the will and one codical of William Charles Champion, late of Flinders-street, Townsville, tobacco- nist and bookmaker, who died at Townsville on December 19, 1938, was granted by the Registrar (Mr. J. Shannon) at the Supreme Court on Tuesday to the Union Trustee Com- pany of Australia Limited, Townsville, and Clementine Champion, of Victoria- street Stanton Hill, widow. Sworn at realty £21,266, personalty £7896.   Taken out by Wilson, Ryan and Grose. In the will of Fritz Ludwig Pilchowski late of Wagoora, near Mackay, farmer, who died in an Ambulance car between The Leap and Farleigh on March 10 1939, probate was grant- ed to Alice Pilchowski, of Wagoora, widow. Sworn at realty nil, person- alty £2191. Taken out by Roberts, Leu and North, town agents for S. B. Wright and Wright, Mackay. The fascinating pastime of building and flying model aeroplanes does not appear to be as well known and fol- lowed in this city as it is in other parts of Australia. However, for some time past a small group of enthusiasts has been gathering in Queen's Park on Sunday mornings to fly their models, and some excellent perform- ances have been put up, flights of a duration of a minute and more being quite the usual thing. None of the models are more than three feet in span, and all are powered with a skein of rubber. The best time recorded had been three minutes and then four, but on last Sunday morning a model, built and flown by Mr. Les. Miller, picked up a rising air current after having been launched, and drifted away to- wards Stanton Hill, where it caught the up draft over the hill, and was carried on over the city. The model was kept in sight from the flying field, and after 4 minutes 25 seconds, then a mere speck in the sky, disap- peared from the watchers' view be- hind the hill. The owner followed the model on a bicycle, keeping it in sight until he he reached Lowth's Bridge, where he lost sight of it. It was then several hundred feet high and appar- ently not losing any altitude. The model was a high wing monoplane and was equipped with a. single-bladed

folding propeller; the fuselage was colored yellow, the wing yellow on top and red underneath, with similar color combinations on the tail assembly. It has not yet been recovered. The in- trinsic value of the model is small, but it represents many weeks of patient work and experiment as well as a good deal of research. Following a desire by the defendant Cyril Anthony Lyall Cox, to have a prohibition order issued against him, Mr. R. H. Allen, Police Magistrate, in the Police Court on Tuesday morn- ing decided to extend leniency to the defendant and entered a conviction without punishment. Cox had ap- peared on a charge that he made use of obscene language in Livingstone- street West End, on Monday evening. He informed the Court that he did not recall the offence, as he had been drinking, and Mr. Allen decided to enter a plea of not guilty. Evidence of the offence was given by Constable A. V. Moylan, of West End, who men- tioned two complaints received on Monday afternoon that the defendant had threatened his wife and step- daughter. On the first occasion, Cox was not at home when he arrived, and on the second visit he warned Cox to desist in his conduct. Cox re- plying that he would never be stop- ped. About 7 o'clock on Monday evening, he met the defendant's wife and step-daughter in Livingstone- street and, following a conversation with them, he took up a position about 15 yards from Cox's house. Some 20 minutes later, he heard Cox make use of the language complained of, referring at the same time to resi- dents across the road. Leaving the verandah of the house, Cox made fur- ther use of obscene language. He ar- rested the defendant and conveyed him to the watchhouse. When charged, Cox repeated that the police would never stop him. In a state- ment Cox stated that he was under the influence of liquor, and did not recall making any statement that he would never be stopped. If he were   given a chance, he would willingly take out a prohibition order against himself, as drink was the cause of the trouble at his home. Mr. Allen com- mented that no man in sober senses would conduct himself as Cox was do- ing, but if Cox was prepared to re- form, he would extend leniency. On the defendant undertaking to sign the prohibition order, Mr. Allen en- tered a conviction without further punishment Genuine "Kelvinator" Refrigerators are being offered at a liberal discount. That's the message from McKimmin's to-day. They have a few models that are slightly shop-soiled, but are quite perfect mechanically and carry the usual five-year guarantee. There are three different sizes available — but as the number is limited, McKimmin's advise an early call. They are also agents for the new "Icicle" kerosene operated Refrigerators, which are   available in two large sizes of six and   nine cubic feet capacity— which should be a great boon to all country dwellers. McKimmin's will be pleased to give full particulars to any in- quirers.*   McKimmin and Richardson (Pty.) Ltd., on the Historic Comer, will close at one o'clock to-day for the Amateur races and don't forget next Sunday will be Fathers' Day. Useful presents for Dad's Day. Bells sox or Holeproof sox 2/11 pair. New ties for Dad's Day 2/6, 2/11, 4/6; Cesarine shirts 14½ to 17½, 7/11; are some suggestions for Dad's Day from McKimmin's on the Historic Corner.*