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MONDAY, MAY 20, 1895. IT .is depressing to fins that the presi dent of the Chamber of Manufaetures, Mn N. LEvI, M.LC., gives no better exposition of the industrial position of Victoria, in his retiring address to the Chainber, tian did the president of the Chamber of Commerce, Mn IH. R. REIn, on the mercantile situation. The official position of these gentlemen gives them fccilities for lprn,itiigr to the public an expo.iritin .f t. i?lihtrial and conmmercial situation which wsold greatly aid legislation and ronmote enter pr ise, but neither have succeeded in lay ing before the public smore than a palplably one-sided surface. view of affairs. Ait N. Lure, regrets that Government retrenchment had not taken place at at, earlier period, forgetting or ignoring that the Legislative Council, and the party he belongs to, rejected the tiriELs BERYv ecoAomies and shelved the Income Tax when first brought forward by Sin JAMES PATTreSOON. lie com pares the expenditure of Victoria with that of other conntries, showing it is four times greater than in Caanda, Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway. As MIR OGI vE, tlhe greatest. authority on statistics, has often pointed out, there is nothing more misleading than comparisons when there is no common basis from which to start. The £7,310,245, estimated expenditure for 1894-5 is not merely the cost of administration, the wages, salaries and maintenance of the Pntlic Service. The sunm includes Railways, State Schools, Defences and Public Works. It must also be recollected that the Mines, Land and Agricultural depart ments in a new country involve an outlay far in excess of that needed in countries where these branches have little more than registering duties to perform. There is no doubt that extravagance in many forms prevailed in the Public Service of Victoria tip to a year ago, and that much money could still le saved by re organisation of the work of the departments, but it is folly to make comparisons with otl?er countries, or to fix a sum as the limit ofannual expenditure. The expenditure must be regulated mainly by receipts, and to some extent by anticipating future returns on present outlay, Naturally Ms, Levi expatiates on the coal industry, which lie considers has "added so Imuch to the internal wealth of the country." SMi. LEVI has not got much profit by his own parti cultr investments in Westernport coal mines, and the South Gippisland field generally has yet to be proved a coum mercial success. The Government has spent over £8L,000 in bores, and both profits ad trages paid by the few com panies at work have been derived almost entirely fromn foreedoales to the Govern ment. Mlit. Levi states that a higher price is paid in Sydney than in Mel bourne for New South Wales coal, whlicl fact in his opinion "certainly savoredl munch of an effort to destroy our succes here," that is the success of thle Vic torian coal companies. As a business man Mn. LEVI most know that Sydney coal importers buy at Newcastle at the same price as Melbourne importers. The differencre in ,: ling rate, which is is small, is tdin p:arly t t here bti-tng less coampetition antmongst dealers in Sydney, partly because freights are cheaper to Melbournse. The steamship companies trading to Melbourue get return loading to Sydney and Newcastle. If ever the Govermnent is foolish enough to put an import duty on New South Wales coal, Victorian farmers will lose a highly profitable market. The export of chaff from Geelong alone amounts to an average of 15,000 bags a week, a trade developed entirely by by the low rates charged by steamship companies in the coal carrying trade. The Chamber of Commerce is to be called upon shortly, according to the annual report presented by the council, to "recommend mcasures to obtain an assimilation of thle tariffs of the colonies." It is evident that the phrase ihas been carefully selected so as not to alarm protectionists, while encouraging the advocates of intercolonial free trade. The most experienced politicians, tihe soundest business men, and tihe few Statesmen existing in Australia, are all convinced that no assimilation is pios sible without Federation. Until a Federal Government is established, with power to frame a tariff and enforce its adoption, each colony will use its tariff as a means of hlargaising for trade cot cessions. Undoiltedlr New South WVales would alter soms of its imlort duties to suit Victoriats maenuifacture,'s in return for the abolition of the stock tax. Queensland would do the samne to get better terms for its sugar on the Victorian market, Southl Australia to get her wines and agricultural produce, and Tasmania to get her fruit and pota toes admitted ditty free. The probltrm is how to benefit the merchsnt and tihe manufacturer without depriving the agriculturist of the advantage of the hIome isarket, an advantage which Iis colleagues are very careful to retain for their brasches of the national conmerce. Federation would pilace the producers, manufacturesrs, ansd trade's of each colony on equal terms all round, and thouen Victoriau farmers would hlave io difficulty in maintaining their ire eminence, and retaining their own markets. It ia the one-sided " re cilprocity"' arroanuiermet which they ob Jct to. WVith sanufacturers and mer chants pusling their business by offer ing to take in payment produce to be placed to the Victorian markets on ex.

ceptionally advantageous terns, Vic torian farmers and graziers cannot con sent to any scheme of partial inter colonial free trade. 'A meeting of persons interested in noml. nating managers for the Sale common, will be held in the skating rink of the Victoria Hell, to morrow evening at 8.o'cloek. A public meetirng, convened by the Mayor, Cr. Cherry, at the suggestion of the Minister of Lands; for the purpose of anominating maria. gers for the common, will be held at the Victoria Hall, on Wednesday evening, at eight o'clock. The candidates for the vacancy on the Council of Agricultural Education likely to lodge their nomination papers by the due date, 20th nlst., are Mlr Horatman, Upper Mffra, ?MrJ. B. Pearson, Kilmany Park, and Mr Drevermano, Bsiruodale. Thereare 1744 voters on the rolls of the agrioultural societies entitled to vote, which is 200 more than at the last election. The steamer Queensocliff will miss a trip this week in consequence of being put on the slips at Melbourne for the annual overhaul. The many people who have their goods for. warded from Melbourne to Sale by this steamer, will have to besetir them.elves, if they desire a continuance of the convenience, for the owners are not decided whethpr they will continue runtning the steamer during the winter moeths. The Town Clerk of the Sale Borough Council, Mb Geoghegan, notifies that no person will be entitled to be enrolled as a municipal voter, in respect of any property within the borough, unless all rates payable in respect to the property are paid tefore Juno 10th. The secretary of the Avon shire council, MSir oldlen, notifies by advertisement that only tile names of those who have paid rates due by June 10th., will be placed onl the Municipal voters roll of 1895. The secretary of the tMalfra shire, Mr French, makes a similar m:n llnrne llmet by advertisement in anotheilrlt clin:n. The master of ril' (alr.i .'d itosptal ani ge to acknorledge the following :-Old linen, Mrs J, Green, lRosedole; illustrated papers and book., 1Mr It. A. Hedley, Mlorwell, ,lrs l'im, ,hae Bueshe. In the schedule of Railway works to be proceeded with imomediately, the Minister, Mr Williams, having sanctioned the applies. tion of over £91,000 fromn the unexpended loans in hanl, the re.buildlng of the lBriago. long railway bridge is included. The esti. mated cost is £9000. The full programme of the concert to be held on Friday evening at the meehanles' hall. Stratford, is advertised in another column. The proceeds will be devoted to the Catholic school. Tenders are invited by advertisement in another column for the maintenance of jetty lights, and cleaning shebs and Jetties in the Gippsland district. .The reserve and grand stand of the Gipps. land Caledonian Society will he sold by auction by Maesers Mlatbieson and Davis, at their rooms, Rlaynond-street, on Saturday next. 'I he best paper read at tile meeting of the Field Naturalists' Club of Victoria, at the lloyal Society's BIall, Melbourne, last week, was one by the Misses May and Lilian Wise and Mudriel Bennett, entitled "List of Orchids found near Sale," A rifle match was fired last Saturday on the Sale range, between C and G Companies, V.M.IR., resulting in a narrow win for C Company by the small majority of sevein points. On Fillay evening tihe visiting temnt oho came from the vicinity of Warrnambool were entertained by C Coy at the Royal Exehango Hotel, where an appetising supper was pre pared in first class style by \Irs Coffey. The chair was occupied by Capt. hiorthwclk, supported by Capt. Jenkins and Lieuts. liindhaugh and Davidson. A large number of toasts were honoured, and the proceedings were enlivened by songs and recitations given by Capt Jenkins, Lieut. Davidsoo, Sergt.3Major Algie, Corpl. Irving, Saddler Sayer, Pres. Gcldsworthy, Greenwood, Mawley and Field. Tile whole proceedings were of the most social description, and the visitors are loud in their praises of the hospitable manner in which C Coy has elt. tertained, and all are looking forward to tile next occasion on whlich they will visit Sale. Let us hope that rifle matches will be held next Christmas, and then the W\arrnambool boys and many others will pay Sale a visit. A rifle match will be shot on the Sale range on Friday next (Queen's ]irthday) between cluba comprising the sixth district for the ?lle club shield. The following clubs will compete :-hlelbourne, Fern Tree Gully, Walhatla, Bairnsdale and Sate. On the last occasion the shield was shot for the Sale riflemen were the winners, beating blel bourne by one point, and they will be repre. sented oni thlis occasion ly Mlesare Sorenson, T eloar, RobiunstnIr, lii., Ien,, Cherry, P'eck and lajor \t ilet:r The nill, d te I May 1i, 189, of Thomese Cpeland, late of Traralgot, farmer, vlho died on April 19, has beent lodged for pro bate. T'le estate is valued at £3,279, being £2,253 realty and £1,024 personally, and is left in trust for the beneit of the testator's wife and children. Mrs Fisher of Pl'aynesville, who, it will be remembered sutained severe injury by being upset from a vehicle in Bailey street, Bairns dale, on the 30th April, died at Paynesville on Wednesday. The deceased lady had apparently recovered from the accident and therefore her death sill be a painful suprise to her friends. The " Herald" notifies that blesars F. C. Tricks, \YaWlhalla, and J. Landriek, Hey. fieSld, were amongst the local winners in the Bank of Van Diemen's lottery. The former won a cottage anud workshop valued at £400, and the latter a building allotment put down at £100, A child named \Willilm Nash, aged i years wandered from his home near Traral. gon Creek on Thursday, and on search being made wihen he did not return at sunset, his bIody was found in a waterhole on a disused brickleld near the Rosedalet road. 0 We have received from Messrs 0. Mitebell and Co., the well-known advertising agents of London, their new Registered bMlap of Australasia. Tile map is of large size, accurately drawn and neatly coloured, and as a chart pure and sirple would he Yaluele as a uselul wall-ornament in oany house. To buslies maen it has the additional value of a "border" containing particulars as to the principal towns in the colonies in whIleCh newspapers are printed, postal and other information, &o. It is wonderful value for the price--is, on paper; or, mounted on canvas aod rollers, t. The agitetlon for the conveyances of trhe Walhnlla mails cic Traralgon, is being pushed on energetically. The president of the Trarlgon shire council took the chair t a public meeting on tile subj et lastWednesday when it was resolved to ask thire Postmaster. General to call for alternate tenderto bleMoe, at thie next lettingof ohe eontract. It was also decided to canvass for signatures to tire petition at Walhalh, and along tihe route. The eust of the present service rite loe is £290, and thie Traralgoe peoplesay they cart do it cheaper. At the Ceongulmerang police ourt last week, Chor See, of Bullomwaal, Woilliant Smith, of Cooangulmerang, Frank Smith, of bIerrijig, and Kee Poy, a yoth I17 years of hgea were each flued £20 for elylro seliog.

The inaugural annual dinner in connection with the Werragol branch of the Australian Natives Association took place on 'Tueslay evening, and amongst the visitors invited were Messrs Sergeant SI.L.O., G. J. Turner, I3.L.A., tie Rev. Father HIllalnsa and Mir 0. II. Wise of Sale. Mr Sergeant said that though not a native, he would have aeen half.a-century of Australian life if lie lied another two years. Commenting on tlhe Assoelation he saud --"A few elthusiastia young men, with lofty alims, worthy espirations~,eed patriotic inotives said they wonuld form an, Association. They didn't conenlt their fathers, but slmply went their own way. Had they eonsultedl their fathers however, they would have advised them to omit the word "latlves," and he believed that if the Associotion was being flrmned at the present day, the word wounl aot he included at all, but the Aesoultitlon wouhl lie called the Australian Association, sal ilt basia would therefore lie of a mueh hroader and comprehensive charseter." The tev. Father Hallanan speaking to the toast of " Prosperity to the A.N.A.," said :-'" Ti, industry of your Premier and the ienrgy of your Minister of Lands prove that a native eau lie someIithing else than a Iore sporlanei and a gentlenean of ease. Indeed, geotlemen, the aolle mUaller ill which the colony has fCulht nal, I hope it ie not prenetturnu Il say, coiquiered the depression is vomethihg to lIe justly proud of. Yet there are sanI; who have still to learn that freedom ande prosperity spring from themselves Somlle are heard to say, 1" will nbodly Ihelp usnt-a cry of revolting mennuces, specially when Ii issues from those whlo, with a little energy and self.deniul, night easily help themselves. Legislation after all can do voiy little. iob oratnre., ihu gather the thousands round them, are wAolves in' cilnthing, where instead of seekicn te train their hearers to renewed inlustry, they eentourage ti, m to keep up the mcy of l\ell nilodly help tIN. Mr Wise, who reipolded, contended that it was only by an Austialmia Nlnives Association that a true natireal rp;,it r'ndil he feostered, .Mr Yise lthe •p +ie .: pi, l ?Ungtle on Fedelratie lln, tlhe p esmit position of tie Viclei lte jll'i ov Irolm the beiolcn of Potty Sl ouns upi ti tle judges of thle Supreme Court, stiand the ull patty political questions of the day. Comiplimentary speeches were inde ill reference to tile services rendered by iMr Du Vvi during the twenty years heo has bee clerk of courts, whena the Traralgon police coaut proueedings weoe concluded iSLt \edI. nesday. Mr Du V6 arcknoolelged tihe plea. sure he had in heatiog the kind sentlmene expressed by both bench and bar. A meet. lug was afterwards held in the mn sletrates' room, when those present, Messrs C'reaswll, P.11., Jones, llodyomnb and Varuey, J's.I'. ; and Mesers Serjeant, 'aoe andll Hudson were formled into a committee to devise Imeans to give tangible expression of their appreieation of MIr Du ,. and the respect they bore him. Mr ulleonu was appointed honorary seres. tary, and was instructed to invite the co. opelation of all the other Justices in the dis. tricts of the courts wheich were in chaltge of MIr Du V4, together with thea slicitors pra:c tiaing at Warragul and Sale, and other centlemen. Miss Ada Orossley made a Imost sati.a? eory deelu on the concert platform last wcick, according to the cablegrams, but the curree. pouJensts do not state whether site sang at the Siale vrard concerts of London or Paris. The Mlellbourne "Punch" writing about Mais Croasley says Ithat " her gIwn for her first appearances she describec vaguely as grey silk, with joet, ansud very /eli. Adia always dressed well, and, no deoult, the Parisian neldiute decided that grey was the very colour for the handasome young Aus. ttalian, with her hbright complexion uenl tawny.golden hair. I almost forgot to say th t on 27 May she is to sing at lndy Walkere', lIelgrave Squitre, in thile piselllc of their Higheeeses the D)uehees of York sad Alkbay. As everyone knowe, Adla Croesley comes from tie Croajingnalng listriot, ihl ctippeladl, a district whlose awful IOaie hlis been a standing Parliamlentary aiilI I'rCs joke for years. Out of the darkuness cumetl light. From so apparently baribarous a corner of Victoria our greatest contrilto and our sweetest ainger (Miss Carmichael) hiave coon,, Ino he a credit to us and themselvee," The slmart) oung lady journalist is wrong in sup posing that "every one" knows Miss ('rossley cues fiom that district re-named Orbost, since Mlr Harry Foster kindly consented to represent it iin Parliament. As a matter of fact Tarraville, in the oldest scttled district of lippalanrl, Port Albert, has the hunollr ofl being the Australianc contralto's birlhplare. A curious husiness arrangement was the suebjct of a dispute, settled iy the enlre at the recent Ilosedanle police court, lJohanll O'lirin sued J. Cavanagh for £7 li 101, chff supplied. The agreement w'se lthat defendant was to have the chaff at "1the same price as other people paid." When 24 hugs had ieen supplied at £3 per ton, ea. O'lrin raised tlie prioe 0I per ton. I,,. l ee! ytil it was too dear, hout he tlak nehesy, eetl the Bench, (leen, ..n l l)obllin, J's P., held thCat hee Iha egred tol l pay tiee IIvaniced price, an headyl un el'ier for thie atounet. Johnl Henry Tew, of West Alberton, wal stands commecitl.ed for trill on the charge of crinlenal assault on one of his daughiters, wae furtlher charged at the Yarrami police couit o \Vsednesdlay withl a eilillar oa ?ce on his daughter Annio, aged 20 years. 'Thu prinoipal wittest was his dlaulghter, Clyde lMay 'ew, agedl II years, who was the chief witness in the other case. His daughter A.cie was also Called upon to give evidence, but she denied that the offence lead leen committedl, She adlltlilteul lsgiilg a (elClara. tion to tlhe effect that her faither b1ud ass?ulted her, but asserted sihe was ignorant of the countelnts of thle deltlnenet, allnll igened it under threat front Cnattble Jotles thlat if she did not snhe woult get sevell years eIe. pnisnnmonot. The " Chronicle" gives the following report ofl Clyde htay Tew's croes. exmuination by air Baekhlouse, for the defence:-.She did not tell her Inothleer. Toll Alice next dsy, and told her Aunte, elr bMount, some time after, hi liIouett proe mised her , new dress if lshe did not tell that she hadl told C'onstabhle Jones. MMI Mloutt aeked her to tell what hlad Ihppened, aid promised to give her something. She did not tell of her own accord. Saw Cuonstsable Jones with Mrs 3nountt and iMrs Crowley. ire I?nngatt asked her to tell Joces eaitli she hadutold her (tirl Mouatt.) liher aunt said she must tell; itre Orowley said nothi nlog. Did not know that her father and ?tIs tMoutt had quarrelled." Tew weas oum mitted for trial at the Sale Assies to ic hebll on 2'3rd July. A publlio meeting to promote the constric tion of a railway from leooto CWalhalla, wivdas held at the bMen mechanica' institute on \Wednesday. hlr liucklad, president of the Railway League was in the chair ad the li osnal resolutions Were' passed. It is in' tended to hold another eeetllieg at an early date when statIstiics as to trsflio and cost have been obtainrd. The members of the Narracan fa.laera' ausonlation have decided to fourm a proauce, pork and bacon factory at Trafalgar. l1e oeiital is to be 2,500 shares of £1 each pay able Is on application, Is on allutmelnt and le oalls monthly. In refereaoe to tihe recent onthreak of typhoid at \Valhall, the reports of I)r. Dammaun, the health oflicer, and Mr W, G. Brennan, inspeotocr of nluisances, show tlhatl the yard and street dralls of the locality of the outbreak have been much negleted,

Air Hancock, Al, A., lharranged, the "Courice" understands, to deliver an ad dres at the Theatre Royal, Bairnedale, on Saturday evening, the inst., on Practi coal Politics. A village settler at Eagle Point named James Ifaylock was fined 20s at the Ilirsa dale police court last Wednesday for cruelty to swan. From the evidence it appeared that there was some ill-feeling between Hay- lock and his neighbor, Enoch Baulch, the owner of the swan. They had destroyed some of each others' poultry for trespassing, and on the 25th April the two were wrang- Iing about the matter, when Haylock seeing Baulch's pet swan, kicked it, injuring it so much that Baulch had to kill it. The wit- nesses denied that the swan was on Hay. lock's land at the time he kicked it, and the Bench did not accept Mr Stuart's argument for the defence that to kill a birll by kicking it is n) more cruelty under the Animals' I'totection Act than shooting it. Comnplaints have been made to the police authorlties, states the " Argus," concerning Ilindons who have been travelling throughli the country as "Indian oculists." Needless to state these men have no qualifiations of any sort, and that their alleged retmedies or operations are not only useless lut isjitrious to pathi tl whose eyes are affllicted with disease, Although such men practice ini contravention to the lie', the police are not allowed by the Chief Secretary to institute procerditng against them, The BIritish Mledical Association of Victoria is ready to institute prosecutions in such casec, provided reasonable expenses are guaranteed. The " Argus" states that Dr. Mullen is willing to give Ilis legal services gratuitously to the society so that the cost of prosecution may be as imall as possible. The following figures in reference to the cost of a railway front the main Gippalard line to Walhtlle havo'een furnished to the "Chronicle," per favour of A1r A. Harris, ,L.A. :-Ohl Estimate, furnished when the late Air Darbylhire was Engineer-in.Chief.- Broad Gauge, 1loe to \Valhalla, £406,002; Narrow Gauge, lMoe to Walhalla, nil; Broad Gauge, Moondarra to \Valhalla, £244,605; Narrow Gauge, Moondrra to \Valhalla, nil. 1805, -Narrow Gauge (trial survey by Mr E. Wialton), Aloe to \V'alhlla, £124,283; ;tariow Gauge. Sloondarra to \Yalhalla, £44 7117; hln?d (iGaure, tloe to \Yalhalla, £148,548; Irn ol IuGane, Miolundlrra to Y',dt. halla, £5f,024. The abolve e.ianutel a ilu it iuclude the ct-st of engines and rolling stock, and 189 estlinates are also exclusive of the cost of land. The \Walhala millers have lo?t no time in protesting against the Tariff Board's recom. tendlation to itcrease the duty on nitro. glycerine and similar explosives front Id per Ilb to 3d, for the bentelit of one or two local tmanufacturers of explosives. Somle startling information regarding the slaughter of diseased cattle for human cono sutmption was given by Air T. K. Bennett at the meeting of shareholders of T. K. Bennet, Woolcock and Co., Llitited, on Friday. At the Melbourne city abbotoire the corporation inspectors were on duty day and night, no aelughtering being permitted except in their presence, but there were ten other abbatoira in the auburbs where there was practically no inspection. Of the 85,810 cattle sold at Flemington last year only 36,300 were slaughtered at the city abbltnirs. The com pany, of which Mr Bennett is managing director, with the advantrie of buyers of great experience, lost £250 by buying besets subsequently condemned as diseased. As to what takes place in other albmtoirs Mir Ben net declared that only last Thursday he saw eight beasts which had been condemned after the careases had been hung up in tile alaughter houses. If people could only see the sort of animal sometliimes slalughtered, Air lSennett says, the public would be con vinced of the need of very careful inspec tion. Judge Molesworth writes to the Melbourne newspapers in reference to the Solicitor. General's statement that the proposal to retmove him front the Insolvency Court was t suggestion of some of the County Court judges desirous of taking tie businoess in rotation, as follows:-"At the interview referred to by Sir Cuthbert, lie was informned that all my brother judges, except one, were of opinion that rotation would not be for the pullic goad." The Water Supply Comminsion tool evidence on Friday from air Stuart M~urray, chief engineer to the Department. Referring to the lilrnesdle Irrigation Trnst, which has been such a costly failure, witnees cn. aidered that unless some schemne were adopted so that the farmers in Lindenow Flat could join together for the purpose of utilising the weir the whole of thle £30,000 spent on it would be thrown away. The weir in its present state was useless, and It would cost £40011 or £6000 to make it any good. In the evidence given before the oma mission at Bairnsdale, the olficers of the Trust threw the entire blame of the failure on the oficers of the department. Mr ,Iurray's evidence was to the effect that the departmental otiners had not sul0iclent power to supervise the carrying on of the works, and ucould not therefore be responsible.