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Thursday, the second day of the Spring Show, was so gloriously fine as wholly to make amends for Wednesday's rain. In place of the dull, grey canopy of clouds which tempered the success of the open- ing day, was a clear blue sky and ungrudg- ing «sunshine. The attendance mate- rially improved, and the Show, in its many varied a-pects, was an unqualified success. The stud cattle, sheep, and horses, and the pen« of fat stock had in no way lost their interest; and, as if tempted into bloom by the glory of the sunshine, there was a splendid array of flowers. These and the exhibits of fruit and vegetables attracted a great deal of attention. A striking feature of the day was the parade of motor vehicles, which was followed by a parade of cattle and horses. During the afternoon there were several interesting horses-in-action events, the ladies' hacks leading the way at three o'clock. There was a large attendance ^hiring the after neon, and the - pageant "of the show-ring attracced the almost undivided attention of thousands. Those of a more practical turn of mind and less taste for the spec- tacular, wandered joyously among the pigs and poultry, the cattle and the sheep, and watched with interest the performances of the mechanical exhibits. His Excel- lency the Governor and Lady Bosanquet were among the visitors., and Sir Day Bosanquet spent most of the afternoon in the ring watching the events. In the evening a promenade concert was held, and the attendance was large. The Show will be continued to-day, .when all the classes will be on exhibition with the exception of sbeep. Another concert will

be given to-night.


The party of British legislators touring( Australia will arrive in Adelaide on Wed-' nesdav next, and the 'Government are do- ing all in their power, io arrange a pro- gramme for them that will make their short stay in this^State pleasurable and profitable. In addition'Co the arraneements already published;.i^me, of the visitors will be taken for a motor" trip round the1 foot- hills on Thursday, and' will be given an opportunity to see the surroundings of Adelaide that add so much to its charm. They will also inspect some of the public institutions on North-terrace. Mr. -ty". J. Sbwden (chairman of the Public Library Board) will receive'them at noon-in the new wing of the Public Library.


At Government-House on Thursday at noon, his Excellency the Governor pre- sented the certificate of the Royal Humane Society to Captain John Germein, of Stansbury, a retired sea captain, who al- though 67 years of age, rescued a six year-old boy, Victor Ralph Norsworthy, from drowning at Stansbury on August 15. Addressing Captain Germein, his Ex- cellency said he was very glad it had fallen to his lot to .present this warrant of the Royal Humane Society, which had been so justly awarded. _ Captain* Ger- mein did a very fine tiling in rescuing thi3 boy, who had fallen off tlie pier, and was drifting out to sea. He would inevitably have been, drowned if the captain had not jumped in after him. It was on occa- sions like this that a man's true char- acter was manifested. There was no time for thinking, one must either make up one's mind to go ¡p or stop out. Cap- tain Germein made uo his mind to go in; and in so doing saved the boy's life. The community regarded his action with ad- miration. Captain Germein expressed his thanks to his Excellency and to the Royal Humane Society.



The attendance at the Royal Show on Thursday was 27.185, as compared with 26,014 on the second day last year. The takings amounted to £1,032, against £923. Last night 5,651 persons attended the con- cert, as compared with 6,492 twelve months ago, the cash ' takings being £166, as against £164. The "gate" for Thursday afternoon was the highest on record, this being the first occasion on which the tak- ings of the society have passed the four

figure mark.


In' our "Monetary and Commercial" column will be found particulars of the exports of wheat and flour from South Austraüa for August, and for the nine months of the breadstuff's shipping season, which begins in this State on December 1. The figures were specially compiled for "The Advertiser," and cover all ex- ports from the State, whether to other parts of the Commonwealth or to extra Australian markets. The returns ateo give particulars of the ports at which ship- ments were made and destinations, as well as comparisons with the outward move- ment for the corresponding periods of pre-

vious years.



The Congregational Union is making an endeavor to perpetuate the memory of the late Mr. Joseph Vardon by erecting a church, to be named the Vardon Memo- rial Church. A fine block of land has been secured at King's Park with a front- age of 100 ft. to Goodwood-road and a depth of 277 ft., and the property is but a ¿-bort distance from Mr. vardon's late residence. Mr. Vardon was deeply in- terested in the work of the Congregational Church, and on several occasions services were conducted at his house. _ At the meeting of the Congregational Union on Tuesday last the following motion was car- ried:-"That this meeting approves of the suggestion of the Forward Movement Committee to erect a church at King's Park as a memorial to the late Mr. Joseph Vardon." The committee appvmted to deal with the matter consists of Messrs. F. E. Cornish, Petor Wood, John Picker- ing, G. McEwin. A. E. Norman, A. W. Piper. K.C., D. J. Gordon, C. R. Morris, and H. Savage, and the Revs. A. E. Gif- ford and Penry Jones.


The South African Soldiers' Associa- tion having sufficient funds m hand to meet any demands during the next 12 months for tlie upkeep of the graves of those South Australian soldiers who fell in the Boer war of 1893-1902, the gene lal committee of tnat body has dctidrd not to take up a collection for this pur- pose on Sunday afternoon next, the occa- sion of the annual memorial service to their fallen comrades.


The P. & O. mail steamer Malwa, which will take ibis week's maila from, the

[ Commonwealth to Europe, reached the [.Outer Harbor at an early hour on Torrs i dar morning fiom Melbourne. I argo and

tile mails were »hioped. and the vesse »ailed in the evening._ Included in the

cargo v\ere 74 bars of silver for ea»terr.



I Two deaths occurred on the P. & O

branch service liner Commonwealth dur

ing her trip from_ London. Mr. William Hudson, the chief steward, died suddenh at 1.40 a.m. on August 24. when the ves sel was two days east of Cape Town. Mr. Hudson, who was 34 3*ears of age. wa= a Londoner, and married, -with one child. His remains were committed to the« deep. On August "21 Mrs. Howell, who wa«, travelling to Sydney with her husband and child, was missed- from the ship. A thorough search failed to find her, and it was presumed she had jumped

overboard hi a fit of mental aberration. Some days previously she had been at- tended py the ship's doctor.



A glowing tribnte to the «mccess of Roae» worthy Agricultural College was mid bv the Minister of Agriculture (the Hon. T. Pascoe) at the annual dinner of the Old Collegians* Association on Thursday. He said the college wa* f-econd to none in Aus- tralia in respect to the class of men it had turned ont. The old-fashioned farmer pooh-poohed the idea of an argicultural col- lege, and had no exjiectation that good would result from the establishment of one. Yet some of tho=e farmers sent their sons to the college, and when they returned with the knowledge thev had gained, and coupled with it the business experience of their fathers on the farms, it was seen that those farms began to pav as they never did be- fore. The old prejudice against Rose- worthy had died out. and a fawner who spoke disparagingly of the college would now be laughed to scorn.


Tlie steamer Commonwealth, which ar- rived from London on .Thursday, brought 81 State-assisted immigrants for South Australia. They were met at the Sema- phore anchorage by the boarding-officer of the Immigration .Department (Mr. David- son) and supplied with information 'relative to their friends and destinations. Of the number 51 were nominated wives and fami- lies of previous established settlers, and 29 were domestics. These travelled from London in charge of Mrs. Kressmann, and were met at the wharf by the lady assis- tant for domestic helpers and escorted by her to the Domestic Helpers' Home at Charles-street. Norwood. The Common- wealth has 108 passengers for Melbourne, and 228 for .Sydney, many of whom are

State assisted.



*'After another year's experience of the working of the universal training scheme. I do not wish to retract a single word I uttered in favor of it at the memorial ser- vice last'year," said the senior chaplain of the South Australian forces (Archdea- con Samwell) at the annual smoke social of the South African Soldiers' Association on Thursday night. He said as time went on the wisdom of the scheme was being' justified. He travelled over a large por- tion of the State, and saw a great improve- ment in the "behaviour of the boys. The longer the scheme had been in operation the more it had been found to be justified. It was one of the best schemes ever de- vised, not for promoting a warlike spirit, but for training the younger generation, and developing among them discipline and good manners. If ever the need should arise. Australians would be well prepared to defend their hearths and homes. Colonel Rowell said evidently the Peace Soeiety thought all that had to be done was to call men into the field. He was glad to he-ir the remarks of Archdeacon Samwell. Dis- cipline was a great thing for a soldier. He did not care what anybody said about rifle clubs: he would twenty times rather bave a body of men who were disciplined and trained for active service than the best oi rifle shots. The universal training scheme was going to make men of the boys of South Australia. The training they would receive would also be good for tbem in civil life. TShere was a marked improvement in the conduct of the bovs already. Mr, Frank Johnson also praised, the work the Common weal tn had done in training young



.On Thursday Otto Schiebat, the fire- man of the' German-Ausftralian steamer Australia, who at the coroner's. inquest on Wednesday was "charged with the murder by stabbing of Charles' Richter, a seaman of the.vessel, at Port Adelaide, just before midnight on Monday, was re- moved from ,the Port Adelaide Casualty Hospital on a stretcher to -the Adelaide Gaol Hospital. Schiebat,. in addition co the cut on the left side of his throat, had a cut upon bip nose and several in- cised wounds upon his hands. The wound in his throat was regarded as self-in- flicted, but his own statement and the cuts about his hands suppot't the theory that his injuries were inflicted by an. as- sailant. The steamer Australia sailed for the eastern States on Thursday, but Cap- tain Hellerich, her commander, has under- taken to see that the members. of his crew who will be wanted as witnesses are back in Adelaide in time for the


-- \



The Railways Commissioner's Act pro- vides that all members of the permanent service must insure their lives. When the Public Service Superannuation Fund was instituted it was arranged that railway employes should have the right of either entering that fund or of insuring their lives elsewhere. On the regulation first being brought into operation the amount of insurance was based upon the salary or wages earned by the employes, and was increased with each augmentation of wages or salary. This, however, waa found to operate harshly «n some 'directions, as, for instance, in the case of employes over 50 years of age, who had necessarily to pay a high rate of premium. The Railways Commissioner took the matter into con- sideration, and decided to make an altera- tion, with the result that in the Executive Council yesterday the following regulation was confirmed:-"Any person, before con- firmation of his appointment in 'the rail- way service. mu«t either become a sub- scriber to the Public Service* Superannua- tion Fund or effect in some life insurance office carrying on business in South Aus- tralia, and approved by the South Aus- tralian Railways Commissioner, an insu- rance of £200 on his life. Any employe who has complied with the insurance regu- lations in force up ,to September-30, 1913, shall ont be, required to insure for an addi- tional amount until his salary or wages exceeds £170 per annum; when this occurs the insurance provision must be increased

to £200."


The Minister of Agriculture,(the Hon.,T. P.iscoe) was in humorous vein at the an- nual dinner of the Roseworthy Old Col I legians' Association on Thursday, and told

some good stories. _ One of them was about a city man who was' starting a dairy farm, and he went to a great deal of expense in buying machinery. When he_ was asked what breedoof cow he was going to keep he re- plied-"Oh, Fm not going to be bothered with cows I am going to have a milking machine!" Later on the Minister got reminiscent. In speaking of the pranks which are common among all students, he said he had heard of Roseworthy College boys-new bovs, of course-getting up early to wake the hens and groom the pigs, and be had al»o heard something about new bovs giving the stewards a bath at errid

¡ night. _


The Government Astronomer (Mr. G. F. DodweD") informs us that in addition to the small comet whose discovery was announced yesterday advice has' been re- ceived that a faint comet was discovered by Neeujwin on «September 3 in a diffe- rent Dart of the sky. The position ob- served on September 7 was:-Right aseen, sion, 23n. 49m. 2SJ5s.- declination south, 5m. 25s.: daily motion, 20 minutes north- west. Tbio second comet is therefore in the constellation Pisces, aud can be seen from Adelaide by those who possess good telescopes. As it is apparently travelling towards the sun, there is a possibility that it may become visible to the naked eye at a .later stage.


'"The nation has much to answer for in its treatment of the natives," writes the presi- dent of the Aborigines' Friend». ' Association (Mr. T. W. Fleming) in his annual report. "Some of the re»erves allotted to them have been sold, their happv hunting grounds taken, and they have been driven into very limited spaces by the advance of civilisa- tion. The white man has invaded their hearths and homes, leavinjr behind him a serious halt-caste problem. The half-castes are to be pitied and sytnpathised equally with, the fiill-blûodad aaiwes. Then ta¿¿t

I of color excludes them from the privileges

of the white race. who. though responsible ! for their existence, obiect to funds intended 1 for aborigines being devote i to half-castes. These, alone v.ith their darker comrade?,

have ever found a home of succor and re- . fuge at Point MoLeav. So loner a» any member of the nati»-e tribes remain, the work of the- a--=<x-iat»on will be needed to .rive life and ¡riddance to untutored tninds. call forth hillier aspirations and desires, minister to their phvsical well-being, and in a Wing and «vmpathetic sririt j-mooth the pillow of a dying race."


The annual Conference of Churches of Christ in South Australia begin? to-dav. and ".rill continue until next Thursdav. To- day tlie ladies meet in their sisters' con- ference, and to-night, under their auspices, there will be a temperance demonstration in the Grote-street ChapeL Mrs. Mauger »rill preside, and addresses will be delivered by Mr. W. Morrow, the president of the General Conference, and Mr. Thomas Hag- ger, the State evangelist for Giurches of Christ in Victoria.


The Sundav and week evening services at the Point McLeav Mission Station fir aborigines, have boen well sustauif-d, says the report of the Aborigines' Friends* Asso- ciation, just issued. *'lo the review of the religions and educational work cf the mis- sion it will be seen that a good influence has been exerted upon the natives, some- times restraining them frrcn rice, some times providing an incentive to well-doing Notwithstanding the limitations arising from the condition of a primitive race, som« of the natives display fine qualities, and th majority are exemplary in their conduct The_ mission has been cramped in its work bv insufficient funds, the alkwance mad* for its support being totally inadéquat« to develop the station land .and provide work necessary to make the natives sclf-relian* as \vell as more ii»cful members of the. com- munity. The histor»,' of the association ha« been one of struggle and difficulty in carry- ing on it« humane work, but it has bravely maintained its mission for the sake of tho

native race generally in the State, and par-1 tieularly for the remaining tribes which have their dwelling-place round the shore* of Lakes Alexandrina and Albert. The as FOC'ation has ever sought, and still seeks, to express in a practical wav the synpathv

existing in the hearts of all true coloni«t* for the aborigines, whose verv helplessne-"* should make a strong and effective appeal to all lovers of justice in the land to deal more generously in meeting the urgent and pressing necessities of their daily lives."


The Young Women's Christian Associa- tion has opened a hostel as a boarding home for young women in Carrington street, near East-terrace. It is a spacious hon«<». with ample grounds, but it docs not provide sufficient pecommodation for the purpose, and it is proposed to build an ad dition providing for single bedrooms, so that ultimately the hostel will accommoda'e between 35 and 40 girls. The Y.W.C.."

has long desired to make a home for girls, which would have an atmosphere of a pri- vate home, and some of its rorjfort«, with a garden. This lioátel is the realisation of that hope. The rooms on the top floor of the binlding in Hindmarsh-square held only nine beds for guests, and were at best only suitable as a temporary lodging. The new hostel has been open for boarders only a fewdavs, and is alrpadv full Ladv Bosanquet will open it formally at 11 o'clock to-dav. after which the grounds and building will be open to inspection.

Owing to the greata pressure on our busi- ness columns, advertisers are requested to hand in their advertisements as early as possible to-day, in order to secure proper classification in "The Advertiser" to-mor-


The Eastern Extension Telegraph Com- pany reports that .the latest telegram from Adelaide which arrived in London

np to 10 a.m. on September if was timed 5.45 p.m. on the same day. The time occupied in transit was 1 hour 40


The Trade Commissioner in London tele- graphed. September 10, to the Govern- ment:-"Wheat market finn and more en- quiry for ? sailers. May-June shipment bought at 36/6 ,per quarter. Australian wheat, new crop, buyers at 36/6 per quar- ter.. Liverpool market quiet, with easier tendency."

A Circuit Court will be held at Mount Gambier on October 13. His Honor Mr. Justice Gordon Tvill preside.

Attention is called to a notice in our

advertising columns relating to the open- ing of the new Hydro-Electro Medical^In«


Judging from the demand for tickets, the country people's excursion to Edith- burgh in tne Warrawee to-morrow should prove a great success. Numbers of visi- tors intend, staying over the week-end in

order to enjoy the novelty of a sea trip and see the home of the salt industry. _ A band has been engaged, and the outing promises to be thoroughly enjoyable. The Warrawee will leave McLaren wharf. Port Adelaide, on the arrival of the 8.35 a.m. train from the city, and will return in time to catch an early evening train. Be- tween three and four hours will be 6pent at Edithburgh. '

We have received from the Mount Lyell Chemical Works a copy of a booklet pub- lished' on the uses of their artificial manures, which wilb be of interest to far- mers who use superphosphates.

No doubt about-it, the cheapest boote and shoes are at Gunns', next Martin's.


Royal Geographical Society .-Lecture, "Rivers and National Life," by Rev. Prin- cipal Bevan, L.L.B., D.D., Friday, Septem- ber 12. at 8 p.m., Institute Buildings, North-terrace. His Excellency the Gover- nor will preside. Public invited. T. S. Reed, Secretary. - *

Start your boy on the road to health on a Lewis Bicycle. The exercise in the fresh air will make him strong and healthy. "Lewis" bikes are the easiest running and safest you can buy. Show- rooms, 111, Gawler-place. *

Those desiring to . leam dancing easily and correctly are advised to go to Pro- fessor and Mrs. Adam, the only certifi- cated teachers in the State. *

The attention of farmers is drawn to an advertisement of the Loxton Farming

Company in public notices columns in- viting applications to farm on shares. *

To Show Visitors.-Special offer, new shipment of Pianos, all latest improve- ments, specially manufactured for Aus- tralian climate; for this week only, greatly reduced rates. Inspectian in- vited.-The C. H. Watkins Piano and Furniture Warehouse, Jetty-road, Glenelg.

To demonstrate that drawn wire Osram electric lamps are practically proof against vibration and shock, no matter how severe, a display is made in. one of Col- ton. Palmer, & Preston's Currie-streel windows. .Two model tramcars, driven by electric power, each carrying an Osram metallic filament lamp, are brought into violent collision with stationary buffers,

-yet the Osram lamps are uninjured.


'Country folk ôhould secure our new hardware catalogue and furniture cata- logue, containing about 1,500 illustrations with prices. All you have to do is to quote number of article required and we do the rest. Money will be saved by placing orders with us. Posted free. Crooks & Brooker, Ltd., 38, Rundle-street.


Any motorist who is not satisfied with the petrol consumption of his car should try the Stewart gas saver, which not only saves petrol, but increases horsepower. Sole agents, Motors Limited, 44, Fhnders strect. ' *252-6

Dry weather requires the use of Garden Hose. Heavy stocks at "W. & T. Rhodes,

Ltd. .317eu:313A4/S I