The following tables give a. return of ten quantity of gunpowder imported into Victoria la 1855,1856,1857,1858,1S59,1860, and 1861 ; thtj dcolared value of the same ; and tho country im- ported from. Also, a return of saltpetre for tho same years, and the declare! value of tho
A Rotara of the Quantity ard Declared Value o'
Gunpowdor and Saltpetre Imported Into the colony,
from all part», during tho years 1855 to 1861, inolu
Count rie» whence Imported.
Weight. Value, Weight. Value.
Great B-italn United States
Gi e»t Britain
CWt. pi 1,8.
Uo "ima 7» -
Note.-It Is Impossible to give more minute portion l irB dur'ng the period embracod in this trio, owing to» the statistics having boon kept on tho old system.
Gunpowder .. Saltpetre
Imported. United Kingdom New South Wales . rfputh Australia Tasmania New Zealind
New York -t
United Kingdom Ca'cntta New South Wale» iMmsnia. _"
Weight. Value. 17 10
£ 24,040 163
lb. 633.C91 6,000 17^47 8,450
53.0G0 16,000 1,050 728.63S 1 C .0. 8
2,000 34,547 1,830
Weight. lb. 1,967,857 Ï80.7S0 120,000 2,279,887 89 13
Value. £ 81,765 6010 3,625
Weight. lb. 1 079,873
5,900 2.600 56,004
2.C61 32 19 1,062
Noto.-From the begInnlngon853, the compilation of the trado atatlstlcs of this department waa altorol to suit,tho vlowsoftho Imperial Govornment, baring i of eronco to a gocoral unformlty in such matter» over [the British Empire.
' J. CHATFIELD TYLER, Secretary. Department of Trade and Customs,
Melbourne April 24,18G2.
ANIMAL LIFE IN AUSTRALIAN RIVERS.- Observers bave often expressed surprise that tbere should be a difference of a very marked character between the coast and inland rivers in reference to the animals with which they are stocked. As yet, the creatures which inhabit
both these classes of rivers are only imperfectly
known, but enough has been learned to provo \ that various species of fish, and some umph1- ' hious 'animals, aro found in tho waters of tin ! inland rivers, when they aro not to be found ii ! Ihoso of shorter course, mid designated oosst ! rivere. By inland rivers, I moan nil those watori ¡ whicb^ using on the westorn slope of tho gre ii ? eastern watershed in Queensland and New Sou ti
Wales, and on tho northern slope of the central t watershed of this colony, flow into the Murray, » und outer the sea on tho southern coast of !
Mouth Australia ; and by tho coast riven, ¡
1 moan all those waters which, ' rising on s tho floiitlicrn slope of tho central water« ! f-hed of this colony, and on tho eastern slope of ! the great eastorn watershed of Now South Walja ; and Queensland, fall into tho sea on the soutliora i and eastern coasts. It will bo understood by } this description that the Murray and the const i ¡rivers of Victoria all fall into the same sea, and Í therefore it is difficult to account for the faot that I
they aro not inhabited by animais common ti j
both. I cannot undertake to mention what croa- *
tares aro peculiar to each system, for, as I have j already said, roscaren has not yet been carno 1
far enough for this pnrposo ; I shall, theroforo, } morely give a few examplos. In the Hurray j systom of waters, as every ono knows, there is th i I Murray cod, and this fish has never been founi ! in any of tho coast rivera. Ou the other hand, ia 1 all the coast rivers eels aro found in great num- t
bers, whereas it is generally bolieved that no edi j are to bo found in the inland rivers, At any rato, if [ eels actually do exist in the inland waters, a t long residence on tho banks of such rivers, ! with considerable opportunities for becoming ao- Í quainted with the finny"triboB inhabiting them, I baa failed to make thoir presence known to me. I Ihen, again, in the inland wators tho f resh-wator turtle greatly abounds, but I believe it docs not BJcist in tho coast rivers throughout Victoria, I aavo met with the same anecies, however, in titi S oast rivers within the tropics in Queensland, an I
am not awitro whether or not it is to bo mat
with in the coast rivers of Now South Wales, j The small black crayfish, too, aro found in all tit > f ¡vaters of the Murray, even up to tho dams of ! nuddy, wator on the gold Holds ; but I done. 5 -ecolloot having mot with thom in the coast riven | n Victoria. My impression is, that the presence of eels in the const rivers furnishes a proof that fresh-water turtles and crayfish are absent, for I am inclined to think that the latter destroy the former. The small crayfish are, by the blacks on the Murray, called " yabbies," and hunting for them is a favourite amuse- ment with the gins, or females. The cray fish digs a hole in the soft clay, and they are ob-
tained by thrusting the naked arm into the deep
hole, sometimes to the shoulder. Crayfish are as bad as water-rats for destroying dams ; and gold- diggers, if they attempt to keep them in their water-holes, will probably have reason to repent of trying to acclimatise such creatures. The platypus soems to feed much on crayfish. What S does tho cod-ÜBh Uve upon? I have caught thom \ with wholo fresh-water mussels in their stooiM!* - !ho mussel still alive, and holding *,ne ws-Us ot hw '
tousoÚrmly together aKair^'sft p0werfui 0Mmy. ; 3n observing such -^ j hft£0 feit MX\ora to I earn what, ^ould have becorno of tho mussel
.hells had the fish boon allowed ÎÔ dTéosTílloír ' teSft- -1* " probftblQ tb5t tb« wu» m
*JVC _ at the mouth. I have hete touched very purriodly on many important points yet tobo fully ascertained by observation ; and I shall be Mad to seo others talco tin such questions, and 1 answer them fully,-" An Old BuBhmnn," hi th r
FATAL ACCIDENT.-We regret to »tato, Mr. f olm Bontloy, or Tarrangower, has met with hU (leath by tlio Wok of n horse. On Friday ho wai Çbout to mount the (iQitnal, when it reared «ni
Itruokhiniflitb :/,'s fore foot on tho pit of th> ätomn-.fjh, causing internal injuries, from thi ïSootB of which ho died on Saturday afternoon. Mount Alexander Mail, Juno 9.
Gn?rs LAND LAKES,-Wo have hoard a roporb .hut the ontrance to the lakes is closed, or nearly lo. It is, however, certain that the rivors are rising rapidly, and it maybe from that causo that ibis story has got «float,-Pipío» Land Tima« lurtoO. -'..,:., - , .,. i t