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2 corrections, most recently by djbcjk - Show corrections


The following tables give a. return of ten quantity of gunpowder imported into Victoria la 1855,1856,1857,1858,1S59,1860, and 1861 ; thtj dcolared value of the same ; and tho country im- ported from. Also, a return of saltpetre for tho same years, and the declare! value of tho

some :

A Rotara of the Quantity ard Declared Value o'

Gunpowdor and Saltpetre Imported Into the colony,

from all part», during tho years 1855 to 1861, inolu

slvo :


Count rie» whence Imported.

Weight. Value, Weight. Value.

Weight JValue.





Great B-italn United States

Foreign States


Gi e»t Britain

Elsewhere -

17,408 1,333

42,596 1.060


2,847 46.518

CWt. pi 1,8.

Uo "ima 7» -

toas, ewe

. ii,

Note.-It Is Impossible to give more minute portion l irB dur'ng the period embracod in this trio, owing to» the statistics having boon kept on tho old system.


Gunpowder .. Saltpetre

Oountri« whence

Imported. United Kingdom New South Wales . rfputh Australia Tasmania New Zealind

New York -t

Boston Timor.


United Kingdom Ca'cntta New South Wale» iMmsnia. _"



Weight. Value. 17 10

£ 24,040 163


lb. 633.C91 6,000 17^47 8,450

53.0G0 16,000 1,050 728.63S 1 C .0. 8

901 200

2,000 34,547 1,830

Weight. lb. 1,967,857 Ï80.7S0 120,000 2,279,887 89 13

Value. £ 81,765 6010 3,625

Weight. lb. 1 079,873

5,900 2.600 56,004


2.C61 32 19 1,062

Noto.-From the begInnlngon853, the compilation of the trado atatlstlcs of this department waa altorol to suit,tho vlowsoftho Imperial Govornment, baring i of eronco to a gocoral unformlty in such matter» over [the British Empire.

' J. CHATFIELD TYLER, Secretary. Department of Trade and Customs,

Melbourne April 24,18G2.

ANIMAL LIFE IN AUSTRALIAN RIVERS.—   Observers bave often expressed surprise that   there should be a difference of a very marked   character between the coast and inland rivers in   reference to the animals with which they are   stocked. As yet, the creatures which inhabit  

both these classes of rivers are only imperfectly

known, but enough has been learned to prove   that various species of fish, and some amphi-   bious animals, are found in the waters of the   inland rivers, when they are not to be found in   those of shorter course, and designated coast   riverd. By inland rivers, I mean all those waters   which, rising on the western slope of the great     eastern watershed in Queensland and New South  

Wales, and on the northern slope of the central   watershed of this colony, flow into the Murray,   and enter the sea on the southern coast of  

South Australia ; and by the coast rivers,  

I mean all those waters which, rising on     the southern slope of the central water-   shed of this colony, and on the eastern slope of   the great eastern watershed of New South Wales   and Queensland, fall into the sea on the southern   and eastern coasts. It will be understood by   this description that the Murray and the coast   rivers of Victoria all fall into the same sea, and   therefore it is difficult to account for the fact that  

they are not inhabited by animais common to  

both. I cannot undertake to mention what crea-  

tures are peculiar to each system, for, as I have   already said, research has not yet been carried  

far enough for this purpose ; I shall, therefore,   merely give a few examples. In the Murray   system of waters, as every one knows, there is the     Murray cod, and this fish has never been found   in any of the coast rivers. On the other hand, in   all the coast rivers eels are found in great num-  

bers, whereas it is generally believed that no eels   are to be found in the inland rivers. At any rate, if   eels actually do exist in the inland waters, a   long residence on the banks of such rivers,   with considerable opportunities for becoming ac-   quainted with the finny tribes inhabiting them, has failed to make their presence known to me.   Then, again, in the inland waters the fresh-water   turtle greatly abounds, but I believe it does not exist in the coast rivers throughout Victoria, I have met with the same species, however, in the coast rivers within the tropics in Queensland, and    

I am not aware whether or not it is to be met

with in the coast rivers of New South Wales.   The small black crayfish, too, are found in all the     waters of the Murray, even up to the dams of   muddy water on the gold fields ; but I do not recollect having met with them in the coast rivers   in Victoria. My impression is, that the presence   of eels in the coast rivers furnishes a proof that   fresh-water turtles and crayfish are absent, for I   am inclined to think that the latter destroy   the former. The small crayfish are, by the   blacks on the Murray, called "yabbies,"     and hunting for them is a favourite amuse-   ment with the gins, or females. The cray - fish digs a hole in the soft clay, and they are ob-

tained by thrusting the naked arm into the deep  

hole, sometimes to the shoulder. Crayfish are as bad as water-rats for destroying dams ; and gold-   diggers, if they attempt to keep them in their     water-holes, will probably have reason to repent   of trying to acclimatise such creatures. The   platypus seems to feed much on crayfish. What   does the cod-fish live upon ? I have caught them with whole fresh-water mussels in their stomachs,   the mussel still alive, and holding the walls of his  

house firmly together against a powerful enemy. On observing such cases, I have felt anxious to   learn what could have become of the mussel

shells had the fish been allowed to digest their inmates. It is probable that the shells are

ejected at the mouth. I have here touched very   hurriedly on many important points yet to be fully ascertained by observation ; and I shall be glad to see others take up such questions, and answer them fully.—"An Old Bushman," in the      


FATAL ACCIDENT.—We regret to state, Mr.   John Bentley, of Tarrangower, has met with his death by the kick of a horse. On Friday he was about to mount the animal, when it reared and

struck him with its fore feet on the pit of the stomach, causing internal injuries, from the effects of which he died on Saturday afternoon. Mount Alexander Mail, June 9.

GIPPS LAND LAKES.—We have heard a report that the entrance to the lakes is closed, or nearly so. It is, however, certain that the rivers are rising rapidly, and it maybe from that cause that this story has got afloat.—Gipps Land Times, June 6.