Lists (None yet)

Login to create lists

Tagged (None yet)

Add Tags

Comments (None yet)

Add New Comment

1 correction by doug.butler - Show corrections

OUR NATION BUILDERS.

SKETCHES OP SOUTH AUSTRALIAN PIONEERS

[By the Rev. John1 31acket.]

V.-THE ICIHST: PAR.LT AMRNT.

[Copyright.]

ilany of the nation builders wbom we have already mentioned sat in this Parlia ment, which represented the inauguration of responsible government. AVe now deal

ni-.u luuiiuueiii/ piuueeit) »iiu uuu no scuta in the previous Legislative8 Councils of the nation, but who se,fc sail upon the stormy sea of politics in 1857. .'?' —Mr. Walter Duffield.— Mr. Duffield arrived in 1839, and first set tled near Eehunga, but was beat known as a conspicuously useful '? resi dent of Gawler. He did a great deal to establish the milling indus try. He was elected to the Assembly in 1857 as a member for Barossa, and sat for several years subsequently in both Houses of legislature. In 1865-6 he was Treasurer of tlie province, and .throughout his life was prominent in the mercantile circles of the community, lie died in November, 1882, aged 66. —Dr. Charles George Everard.— Dr. Everard arrived by the Africane in 1830, was present when tbe proclamation was raid at Holdfast IJay, and sat in the first Legislative Council under .the new con stitution. He was father of the better known. Mr. William Everard, who, as a youth, came out in the Africane, and in after years played a conspicuous part in the social, political, and business life ' of the province. He died on March 30, 1876, aged 82 The family name is commemorated in the nomenclatures of the state. —Mr. Charles Bonney.— Mr. Bonney saw South Australia grow from infancy to manhood, and for 25 years was one of its most honourable and success ful public men. The present and coming generations of South Australians should know why . 'Lake Bonney' is so named, and something of the person whose name it bears. He was born in 1813, near Stafford, in England. His father was a Church of England minister. He was edu cated at Rugby Grammar School, and in 183! sailed lor- New South Wales. Two years after the new settlement in South Australia was formed, and Mr. Bonney ac cepted an invitation from Mr. Joseph Haw don to take cattle overland to' Jt. The journey was dangerous, the blacks being hostile. Tbe party came along the River Murray by way of Lake Bonney. Some mistake was made in the route. They went .too. far south of the primitive settlement, and made a halt where the township ot Noarlunga now stands. Here they fell in with some men hunting kangaroos to supply the immigrants with ilesli food, and these kangarooers gave them the information they ncetlcd. Writing of this trip some years after Mr. Bonney said— 'Adelaide was then a collection of rude huts, with a few more substantial buildings in course of erection. The people were surprised and delighted at the arrival of a herd of cattle overland. Up to this (ime they had been living almoat. exclusively upon kangaroo flesh.' After spending a few weeks among the iramfc grants, Mr. Bonney returned to the older colonies,' 'taring arranged with Mr. Hawdon to bring another herd over for him. On this second trip he was to open direct com munication with Victoria, instead of follow ing the course of the Murray. The party started in February, 1839, with 300 cattle, several horses, and two .bullock drays. In addition to the leader, there. were, nine Europeans and two natives. This party came out at Lacepede Bay, in the south east. They opened a lot of new country, and named Lake Hawdon. Mount Muir head, and Mount Benson. Water at times being scarce, and the weather terribly hot, the trip was exhausting. On one occasion the party had to drink the blood of a calf toassauge their thirst. The next time we meet with Mr; Bonney he is in company with Mjr. O'Haltoran and Mr. Tolmer in the south-east trying to capture the blacks who murdered the crew and passengers o the Maria. During Governor Grey s tune he became Commissioner of Crown Lands. This was then merely a Civil Service ap pointment like that of Postmaster-General In 1844, in company with Governor Grey and Mr. George French Angaa, he went, on an expedition to the south-east, and. as a result, some good country was made avail able for development between the Rivera Glenelg arid Murray. In the first Parlia ment Mr.'Bonney was elected for East Tor rens, and woe Commissioner of Grown Lands. Tn 1866 he retired from palifcical life, and in 1869 he was appointed Manager of Railways, a position which he occupiw two years. Then he became Inspector of Lands, and eventually ? removed to New South Wales, where he lived on a pension from the South Australian Government lie was indeed the last of the pensioners. During three years before his death he was blind, and for two years bedridden. He died on March 15, 1897, in his 84th year. —Sir William Milne,— This distinguished citizen was barn, near Glasgow, in May, 1822, and came tx- South Australia in 1839. He first went into the north on a station to get experience in sheepfiarming, but subsequently became a merchant in the city. In 1857 he was elect ed to tihe first House of Assembly as the representative of Onkaparinga, and in 186'- waa chosen as a member of the Legislative Council. He served in several Ministries, and introduced valuable legislation. He succeeded Sit John Morphett as President of the Legislative Council. He died on April 23, 1895, aged 72 years. —Mr. Alexander Hay.—

This eminently practical ana mgiuv useuu colonist was bom in Fifeshire, ScotJand.jn 1S20, and cftme to South Australia- in 1839. At first lie engaged principally in^agncul tural and pastoral . pursuits, but in 1857 he was elected to_ re present Gumeracha in the first Parlia ment He sat in both Houses for some veare, and Was Commissioner of Public Works in 1860. He assisted in passing the Real Property Act, advocated the selling of waJte fends on credit as well as for cash, and brought in 'Bills to legalise marriage with a deceased wife's sister, and io author ise the construction of the overland tele graph line. He \ras natively interested m feligicus and nJiilantrophic enterprises, as well as in undertakings of a: commercial character. At. one time he was president of the Young Men's Christian Association and chief of the Caledonian Society, which owes much to him for its success. - He died on February 4, 1898, uged seventy-eight. ' —Sir Henry Avers — This pioneer will long be remembered for valuable services rendered to the communi ty, in which for mamy years lie occupied an almost unique position. He -was bom at Portsea, England, in May, 1821, and he came to South Australia in 1840. When the Burra- mine 'was discovered he was ap pointed secretary to the South Australian Mining Association, a position which he occupied throughout the rest of his long life. In 1857 he was elected a member of the Legislative Council, and was subsequently eeveii times Premier of South Australia, and sat in several Ministries. For twelve yflars lie was President of the Legislative Council. In 1870 be was made C.M.G., was knighted in 1872, and became G.C.M.G. in 1894. He retired from tlie Legislative Council in 1893. He was considered one of the safest and aeutes't financiers in South Australia, and for many years he was chair man of the Savings Bank. As a represen tative from Son tli Australia he attended several intercolonial conferences. Of him 'Tlie Register' has snid:— Sir Hfnry was peculiarly fitted to represent the people in the Senate Hall and in the Cabinet office; As an administrator lie showed his ready gasp of detail. l!i« culture and diplomatic training serral him admirably in the discing of the work connected with the occupancy of the highest posi tions in the state. Xo one presided over the de liberations of the Legislative Council with l higher conception of the requirements of the office. His rule was characterized by abilitv, gravity, im

lartialily, and courtesy. His demeanour, at the nost trying times, was always worthy of the best raditiona of his high position. He was in. every ray an able exponent of the Constitution, with rbose history he was in the fullest sense familiar. [ Sir Henry, had done nothing else besides direct ng the business of the People's Savings1 Bank ie would -have earned an unquestionable titit tt; he enduring and grateful recollections o: \Ch9 of housands of thrifty families in South Australia. Sir Henry died on June 11, 1897, in his eventy-seventh year. —Mr. Benjamin Herschel Babbage.— Mr. Babbage was the son of the celebral (1 inventor of the calculating machine diich made the name of Babbage universal y known. When the Bullion Act was pass id, Mr. Babbage was appointed Govern nent assayer. In the first Parliament inder responsible government he was elect id for Encounter Bay. In 1856 he was Go vernment Geologist, and led a party into he interior as far as Mount Hopeless in earch of gold. During the trip lie found l large creek which he named MacDonnel n honour of the Governor, and also a fresh vater lake, Io .which he gave the name of 31anchewater in honour of Lady MacDon lell. In addition he led a party to thq oughly examine Lake Torrens and the vi inity.1 One discovery that lie made was ?ery painful— the dead body of W. Coul hard— an early settler, who apparently ia'd a passion for exploration. Near tbe tody was found a tin canteen, on which in the agony of death) several words had -een scratched, amongst others these— 'My ung is stiking to my mouth. . . Blind {''.) lthoughi feeling exce ? for want of Avater. ily ey dazels. My tung burn. 1 can see no ray. God help ? .' What made the .tra gedy more painful was the fact, that not ar from the dead body, unknown to tbe lerishing man, was a waterhole with a good upply of water. Mr. Babbage died on )ctober 22, 1878. -Mr. ¥. E. H. W. Krichauff. In the course of our short history seve al thousands of German settlers have 'come o South Australia, and splendid colonists, is a rule, they have made. One of the nost useful and highly respected of them 5 Mr. Krichauff, who was born in 1824, a the town of Sclileswig. He was the son f a Judge in the Supreme Court in Sehles rig-Holstein, passed through all the classes f the college there, and apprenticed him elf for three years at the Botanical Gar lens at the University of Kiel. He matri ulated in 1846 as a student of philosophy t the University of Berlin. Mr. Kriehauif migrated from the Fatherland, and came 0 South Australia in 1848, purchased land 1 the Bugle Ranges, and worked it a.-s an griculturist for many years. In 1857 he ,ras elected at the top of the poll as a. re resentative of Mount Barker in the first 'arliament. He did good service in assist ig to pass the Real Property Act at a cri ical time. He also advocated a. Distilla ion Bill, and a measure of his own in the iterest of rifle clubs. He was a warm upporter of the principle of payment of leinbers; and, not being able to spare so luch time from his agricultural pursuits as ?as necessary for legislative work, he had 0 resign his seat. An'evidence of the self acrifice our fathers made in the interests f the Commonwealth is given in the fact hat Mr. Krichauff walked to Adelaide, a ?stance of about 23 miles, each Monday to ttend the sessions of the House, and walk d home again on the Friday. Sir R. Tor ens urged Mr. Krichauff to become one of he first licensed brokers under the Real 'roperty Act, chiefly to enable German ettlers to bring their land under that sla ute. To this he consented. In 1870 he was lectcd for the District of Onkaparinga, nd later as Commissioner of Public Works, ad the honour of placing the last stone on he General Post Office tower. For twelve ears he represented Onkaparinga, and hen resigned his seat to travel through hirone. ? In 1884 he was returned for the Hstrict of Victoria, and in 1887 still had he confidence of the electors for another erm of three years. From 1890 for five essinns he Bat in the legislative Council, nd in 1S95 left the political arena. As a jgislator his chief aim has 'Deen to,sup ort liberal land legislation, and to encour je the planting of forest trees. In 1875 e carried a Bill to make provision for the ppointment of a forest board. He was a lember of the State Bank Royal Commis ion, and was also elected permanent chair mn of the Central Agricultural Bureau. —Mr. John Dunn.— Tlie life of John Dunn is a lesson in the irtues of patience and pereever&nee. From very lowly position— by virtue of hard rork— he rose to one of honour and af uence. He was born in Devonshire, in 'ebruary, 1802. His parents were poor, nd he received little education. When ten ears of age he had to go to work for 6d. a ?eek. After seven years' apprenticeship e became manager of a., nourmill at Bide )rd, Devon. His wages now were 15s. 'eekl}'. About four years after founding 1 South Australia he decided to emigrate 3 Adelaide. He arrived in 1840, and took p land at Hay Valley. His was a heroic nd determined spirit. He walked from fay Valley to the primitive settlement on ie banks of the Torrens, carrying his airy produce. Having sold this and made is purchases, he would tramp home again, riadually his position improved. He erect 1 at Hay Valley a fiourroill worked by the ind. This motive power, however, was w sloTjr and uncertain, so he ordered a nail steam engine from England, and thus id the foundation of his fortune. Still bo ire prosperity came he had to endure many ardships. Such men as he could not oh ;rve any 'eight hours' system.' He orked from daylight to dark, and after irk continued his labours aided by ie light of a bit of wood stuck in a lump '. grease. He was the first to grind com i tlie new settlement by a systematic and ientific process, and be built up perhaps ie largest milling business in the southern imisplhere. Mr. Dunn and Mr. Krichauft' ere elected to represent Mount Barker the first Parliament in 1857. For many -ars, up to 1878, he had a seat in Parlia ent. He helped to 'pass 'the Real Proper '. Act, and worked hard to secure the atiing of the; Bible in the state schools. -eaking of him 'The Register' said — low well the old patriarch served his % ene- tion the annals of the colony abundantly stify.' In the truest sense of the word s was 'iin exemplary career.' His bene ctions were numntous, particularly in the eality of his residence, Mount Barker, here he built a number of cottages for the tor, and erected a Methodist Church at a sfc of £4,000. )!e died on October 13, 94. in his 93rd Tear.

Zoom

plus
thumb
minus
left
thumb
right
up
thumb
down