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. '"ïï,fV>ïtJ

DEATH OF ARCHBIS_OP>0_E_.¥

tejïtrV, ( -?_»

CLOSE.OF A FINE.CAREER

«ï. V

A WIDELY-LOVED PRELATE

A «jaí-le deep toned boll tolled f-olemnh and siouriuully through the morning air Its stead*,, sonorous, voice proclaimed that another great soul hod departed this lue the soul of the Right Rev (Dr O Reily, the 'Roman Catholic Artáibishop oí 4del-t de The mach -"loved -ind resoeoted prelate ?passed./' awny at his residence Glen Osmond, about 7 40 a m on Tuesdaj and the people ol his church.« and his mrnimer able fnends outside its own denomination ?were ïèft io mourn the loes of i lovable man, a ^distinguished seoolar, ind a church statesrnan ot broad and digtuiied vwtr« The fille intellectual face so expiessive in com ersation, so benevolent ia repose, wis an index to his kindlj nature It told or 3»gh intelligence and unusual mentaluy, it

anspireàj^onfidence and trnst-and awakened

.affection m those who met him His ¡genuine- qualities as a man and his blame less life appealed to all wio had been a»so «lated^with. him, or who nad read or heard talk of Lim, and the widespreid exprès roos «f regret at his death afforded evi dence oí the regaxd in nhich he was held The srinpatoet.c references made b\ repre rrentair-r-es of various denominations to?d further-of the great popuhnty ot Dr O'ReiJy and of a general recognition o2 his xoblcvrprk. He was a man of great versa ?*blitrv < Tnose -who knew him proclaimed 3um to,, be a natural mathematician, and Ins itgirt for figures, early developed, was quite inrasuaL He W3S well versed in the seien -fafic ade of music and abstruse;theoretical ¿)rob«n_ were open subjects of discussion rwith rhim. ^Ih his early years he nad no thoughts of becoming a prelate, his one pdea, as* he -tiriself explained, being to com ¡f>lete~_i« education But with charae etertstic thoroughness and with, thac absence ¡.t ostentation -that wa» one of bis endear one- qualities, when once his mi_d was made «jp her-ansptongly utilised lia full gifts m Hae «roce of the church

' t A Peaceful Èndi

T_« revered Archbishop's last pubLc ap twarance was in connection with the open .ba» of Bt- PatncVs Church in March, 1914 (He dUrveced a'brief address, but at the close'*»« stricken down by uïne»s, and he had togbe as_sted to leave the pulpit Two doctoÄ,*-ere summoned to him while he

.was in'the vestrv He was taken to hie

Balafeft^atr Glen Osmond, and since then Baa bean failing perceptibly His fllnea^ ?was fcf-a -rutare'that usually makes the .rt*_ererirntable m temper, but the lovable teaip-af-tent that characterised him m Jieqmr^contmued to the end, and as long «s.ne^was able to 6peak ándito take note .of what was going on he had a k*ndl> word and a^ smile for those about bim. He faced *-deaih> bravely, with the confidence of one «jtsnraoV*" as to the future. > For the last .week 'Ive was known to be sinking, but doatarvras not expected to copie so sud detíJTi- He was attended through «ont ^bis illness by Dr. Gunson, *a*ba was assisted' by consultations with othe*t*-fpoY_cian«. and hi» Grace was nursed by Sister John, one -of the nurses from ZSorth.'Adelaide. During Monday night the auterxould tell that he knew her, trat he .«did oat speak all night or give other sign «of consciousness He had lapsed into semi ?eonscUÄsness some days ago About 7_0 sun. on, Tuesday the wellweloved prelate passed^peacefully away. The cause of death "Was heart failure, supervening on dropsy -Mass^waa said at West terrace by Father ¿Morrison The Roman Catholic schools, .which bad re-assembled after the mid *innte***>holidays, w*ere'dismissed,randv, the Cathedral bell was tolled

.fi^Hia MotíxSt Still -JAYiTtg

Tb*-late Archbishop O'Reily's mother is btall kwng in the city of Kilkenny, Ire 3and.jîrShe as over 90 years of age, and "was informed of his Grace's death bj cablerifem Fathers John and Michael

xcafaSBtto. A"**aiece, wlio is married alió ii*, es in Svdney. A married sister of Dr O'fîeiiy (the mother of the Fathers

Slierin), is hung m-Kilkenny, Ireland.

The Obsequies

^Ehe funeral, will uke place to-morrow. The body will Jie removed from the palace at Glen -.Osmond «this evening mtrSaO, and will reach the Cathedral, Wake sKld-street, about 7_. It wui - be. in «tate in the Cathedral."antila to-morrow morning. On that day, at 10 o'clock, there will be a Solemn ._áce for the dead «ad Requiem High Mass, in the~Cathedral, and tlle'-Cortege will leave for the West terrace Roman Catholic Cemetery about 11 o'clock.- On August-11 there will be a Month's Mind, or commemoration service. Ûfhçc, and. Solemn Requiem Mass at - 10 »"dock in the Cathedral. This will mark the close of the period of official mourning, and" the- new Archbishop will not be en- throned until after that date. The Coad- jutor-Archbishop (Most Rev. Dr. Spence) will deliver a panegyric at that service. Dr. 6per.ee will succeed the,late Archbishop.

\ '' Early Dajs. ,

The archbishop was a native of Kilkenny, Ireland, where he was born on November 19, 1846. At an early ace he began to dis- play -some of the qualities- that in subse- quent yeera marked lum as a man likely to Achieve distinction and success m life. He entered the parochial boys' school m St. ?John's parish, Kilkenny, when he was 6 rears of age, and before leaving, at the age of 12, he had acquired a knowledge and mastery of Euclid w_ca would have done «credit-to-an older student. Thu? served to illustrate in some measure the bent of

Jiis mind, always keen and logical, and m

«rjined to mathematics and abstruse reason- ing. Bot his versatility was so great that lie might have risen to eminence m almost any- of the higher walks of life. He tvae «essentially a «student, and his attainments in Euclid demonstrated o_y one aspect ot his intellectual activities. At the age of 12 he went to St. Kieran's College, Kil- kenny, where he again distinguished him sclf,. especially- in classics, history, and science. .After tax tears at this academy the young student, then l8 years of age, entered All Hallow's College, Dubbn, and devoted his attention largely to mental

philosophy and theology. By this timo he tad acquired a taste for theology, and al- though there were three'hundred resident students at the college at the time the future archbishop had the enviable distinction of, taking the first prize in all dasses of ecclesiastical studies. with euch a thorough training in different branches of educational subjects he had splendid opportunities to cultivate the gifts that were his. and of «these he availed him- self to the fullest extent. His natural »ptitude for learning was developed along right lines. *nd so the foundation was laid for that remarkable intellectual growth which continued to assert itseif through- out hie, notwithstanding the heavy responsibiütles that fell to h« lot. For a student ho was, and a student be remained to the end of -ia days. A master m mathematics, a lover of art, possessed of a musical knowledge and an appreciation of what w_ excellent in vc«al and instrumental compositions and perfor- mances, with a wide acquaintance with scientific, lore of the age, an accurate knowledge ¿f history, ecclesiastf_r and civil, and a deep understanding of the laws and. principles of architecture, it is not surprising that lie should hare been regarded by those who knew him inti- mately as a most remarkable man. «No ?wonder that Ms friends should nave mar- velled at '"his versatility and allround scholarship. But if he was a student of the philosophies and arts, if his attention xepeatedly turned with reverence and affec- tion to the study of. the phenomena of 2fature. he was pre-eminently a student of men , and- movements. Xo man cap hold «with* the > distinguished success which characterised him the high office of chief local administrator of a vast organisation such as the Catholic Church in South Aus- tralia i? unless -ne knows and loves human

nature.

3Iuch liad he read, much more had seen. ¡He studied from the life,

.ind m the original pursued mankinds

Versed in the woes and vanities of life, He piued man.'

But he. waa a. lover of "his kind, «nd if he sometimes criticised it was in no carp tnS spirit, 'but. with the toleration that is always associated with a large and noble heart', for the Archbishop was not s mere .ntctlecfcual. I_e_ely cumin ¡hiniwlî, he. exhibited that touch of fellow feeling which makes the whole world km.

Whei»' _* Rev. J. O'Reily was ordained .t_ s> priest^of. the. <_nrck--cf^Roare,. ^rior

to leaving Ireland, he bad no visions of the honoi and responsibility that should later on fall to his lbt. If"" he had cherished large ambitions he might have been excused, for "the last infirmity of ^e. noble mind'' may well be forgiven a man of such excellent parts as he had proved himself to possess. But his was a simple character, and he was, "as the greatest always are, in his simplidty sublime." Ile must' liave known, had he reflected on his exceptional powers and gifts, that he Md all the qualities that would enalfle hrm to win his way to fame, either in the Church or the State or in literature, foi he was mastec of a graceful and.ex Diessive style «in speech or writing. Quick to discern merit in the compositions of others, he also had an easy commaud of beautiful and chaste English, which, at times he turned to good account in his ivork. But lie was not a seeker after office or position. Content he would have been to serve his church and his fellows as a humble priest. It'is to the credit of those associated with him in his minis*-" tenal Líe that his conspicuous abilities were noted, and that he was not allowed, to remain in comparative obscurity. Some men ''have greatness thrust upon them," and this appears to have been the case with the late archbishop 'SO' fir as office was concerned, intellectual greatness and greatness of character he achieved, for these cannot be' thrust on any man. But when the man great in himself is placed in a position of authority and "power, «the ,best results may be looked for. He rose !step by step to his high, position.

In Western Australia.

Having been ordained a priest in Ire-' ¡and. he found an early sphere of labor in Western Australia. After short periods »pent at Newcastle and-then at Northam, he undertook duties at Fremantle, where he found scope for the employment of, his

undoubted hterarv talents as a contri- butor to the "Western Australian Re- cord," a Catholic journal, which he.edited for the last four or five years of his residence-in the western State. He also filled the post of vkaf-general after «.the elevation of Dr. Gibney to the position of Bishop of Perth. Thus he had an'adé- quate training for the larger responsibili- ties he was destined to shoulder. , In scholarship, intellectual acumen, in his acquaintance with the requirements of the priesthood, and his knowledge .of the masses of the people, he was ripe for the work which lav before him.

Called to a Bishopric '

,A» _e/firgt Bishop of Port Angosta h» early demonstrated his administrative ahtlitylv-*'He was one of three nominees for tue position, and received his. appoint- ment in 1887, although his consecration did not take place till May 1,18881- He had not sought the distinction, andr even when it was conferred upon hmv he indi- cated Jaia disinclination to accept it. But his previous career marked him out as the right man for the work, and the judgment of the authorities of the Ohurch vrof- scon seen to have been sound in*, the matter. The imposing ceremony associated . with the consecration took place at the beauti- ful "cathedrar of St. Mary, Sydney, _. fit- ting edifice for such an occasion, and the Late Cardinal Horan, who-was assisted by« a number 'of church dignitaries, officiated ".it the service. That the1''appointment was .¡welcomed by the Catholics of ~" J?ort Augusta may be inferred from the splen- did reception they prepared for him. The road from the. railway-station to All Saints "presbytcty, was" spanned at intervals with triumphal ** arches and festoons, the town was brilhantly illuminated, and ex- pressions of welcome were everywhere visible. Large throngs of people gathered to show their goodwil. and a gift of £300 made a!*.practical token of the approval the" appointment had met with. In the diocese which embraced 378,000 square miles there, were.« resident 11,000 Roman '_tT»H6«!«y^#')rather.;_ore. ¿ha*' a _tfr ^'tfe entire 'population^ Tf was largelyr due to his -organising ability and to his abounding energy 'that the see was freed

of the debt in which he found it, during ' the succeeding decade. New churches were erected at Petersburg and Hawker, and a convent for the accommodation" of the Sisters of the Good Samaritan was built at Port.JPirie, * .' '

.' .." Archbishop of Adelaide. '

With a record such as he had made for himself at Port Augusfi to his credit-, it was not surprsing that Dr.* O'Reily should have been selected to fill the more re- sponsible post of Archbishop of Ade- laide, -rendered vacant by the -death of Archbishop Reynolds. It "was in March, 1895, that he exchanged the northern dio- cese for the Archiépiscopal See of Adelaide. Here was a field that offered tne amplest opportunities for the display^ of his magnificent gifts. As an organiser and financier he speedily set to work on some of the problems that confronted him. In a comparatively young country, where the religious life of the rapidly grouing community has to be provided tor, there is a tendency on the part of tilt churches to -undertake "liabilities that must eooner or later be faced. Interest on these debts, if they are allowed to ac- cumulate, becomes a considerable item. Dr. O'Rcilr realised the importance of liquidating the liabilities, as had been done at Port Augusta, and of placing tue whole of the finances on a sound basis. In this desire he was able to secure a large measure of sympathy from the clergy and laity of the Church. The scheme he formulated met with approval, and the happy result was that, at the end of 15 years, lie was able to report that the total receipts for the period had amounted to £338,587, a splendid achieve- ment, surely, and that of the centralised debt of £37,000, only £5,000 remained un- discharged. Such a gratifying result could not fail to fill him with hope_ for the future, and to move him to tnankxüí ness that his people had responded so nobly to the scheme he had prepared, and it is not surprising that we should lind him referring m 1910 to what had been accomplished, and to future prospects thus:-"Since they girded themselves to their work in 1895, the Catholics of the Archdiocese of Adelaide have not been slothful. A big contract has fallen to their lot. They had huge actual debts to meet. They had prospective debts to be thought of. Religion could not be allowed to slacken to a standstill. In most things mundane, if there is not growth, there is decay. Catholics were increasing, and with the opening up of new country were spreading far and w"e. In the past 15 years l."i churches have been built, while a sixteenth is a-buildmg. Four churches of earlier standing have been so extended and im- proved as to be allowably spoken of as new. Manv have been extended or im- proved in a lesser degree. Thirteen addi- tions, too, as presbyteries have been erected or -purchased, as have 15 to serve as homes for our teaching brothers and sis- ters engaged m educational and charitable work. Thirteen new schools have been opened-spme primary, some higher, some to accommodate boarders, and of these again some combine the oharactcrs of two or of all three classes of school. Two clubs ha\c been founded, two church halls have been erected, and four houses established as centres of benevolent work."' For a church to accomplish all this while strug- gling with a crippling debt ia little less than marvellous, and it stands as a striking commentary on the genius of the man who, as local head, planned and organised the schemes which made such a fine achieve- ment possible.

A Sanguine Disposition.

Archbishop O'Bcily was an optimist. He believed in his people and in the future of the State, and it was ever his desire to lead h:s ilock.in the direction that would en- able them to meet the futuic developments well equipped both in personal fitness and in the varietv and quality; of ¿he, instituí tions of the Church. His,great influence was always on the side of a_ generous edu- cation, and m support of wide philanthro- pies, The Catholic Church'in Australia h_ founded .many institution« .for the education of its young people and the suc- cor of the unfortunate and suffering.

A versatile and many-sided man, he was eminently âtted for the high office he hdd so long with distinction and dignity. His magnetic personality, his -genial '- .disposi- tion, "and his deep sympathy ,with all classes of humanity won for bun," golden op-.mons outside his own. communion. All who knew him admired and respected him, aud those of Ins ovni fo'd held him in aff<-Ctiom _at Jinounted almost to rcve Tence. , He belonged to the select few who place duty before honor ox personal gain, and-svho-ddight to serve. He-ma

Dr. O -teily, the late Archbishop of Adelaide.

the servant of his Church, the servant of his people, and his great ability was con-

secrated to his work.

Visit to Europe.

In 1905 Dr. O'Reily paid a visit to Rome and to Ms bdoved native land. ISaturaDï his reception in Kilkenny was of the' most cordial character. Any community might be proud of the achievements of one who had left it in earlv life, and had worked out such a splendid career ra the interesta of his fellows as the distinguished prelate had to hi» credit. With commendable enthusiasm the authorities at Kilkenny conferred on him the freedom of the city. His love for Ireland had not abated, but this did not in the least degrer interfere with his deep nnd genuine affection for Australia. Speaking at the welcome ten- dered him on lus return, he voiced his. sentiment in respect to the land of his adoption in an eloquent tribute to the country and its people-"Np spot so fair, no surrounding so pleasant^ no friends *o warm as here in Austral land. I am fiad to bo at rest again; devoutly I prar that that rest may be long unbroken." Of course,, he had an interview with the Pope

while in Rome.

The Prelate and the War.

Archbishop O'Reily entertained firm ideas with regard to militarism, and he would often echo the Lntin saying. '"If yon want to enjoy peace, be prepared for war." He once expressed the opinion that people were not worthy to hold a country if they were not ready to defend it against in- vasion. He feared, he said, that a lasting peace would never be .realised. There al- ways had been and there alwavs would be wars. He hastened to say fîiat he was

rrrcin of peace, tat his h«jpes could not «in- form with his wishes. It was no use separating roosters in a fowlyard once they began to fight, and men were like roosters. Continual renewals of combat would fol- low if they wpre not allowed to decide it. The only sensible remedy when tihe birds faced one another was to let them tight to a finish and learn a lessun thereby, and so it was with nation«;. When the is=aie wa= decided by the defeat of one side then rest would follow.

Silver JubH«.

The silver jubilee of Dr. O'Reily s epis- copate in 1913 gave both Catholics and Protestants in ¿ti parts of Aus- tralia a suitable opportunity of extending congratulations and expressing ajxprecia . tion of the sterling character and the

f splendid work of the Archbishop. Th'o Bishops of the province of Adelaide and the Administrator Apostolic of the Xoi thern Territory united in their expressions of congratulations and goodwill. The

Bishop.-priests, and laity of Port Augusta, forwarded a message of admiration and ap-

preciation, and the clergy of the arch-1 diocese of Adelaide, who knew him most intimately, gave expression to the regard in which they held hhm in an. address, wbich was signed, on behalf of the clergy, by the Right Rev. Monsignor Byrne. D.D., V.G.; the Right Rev. Monsignor Nevin, the Very Revs. J. Roney, S.J.; R. Power, O.C.C.; A. Le Maître, C.P.; and R. \v'. Spence, O.P.; and the Rev. rM. Hourigan {hon. secretary).

Nor were the laity lacking m their ap- preciation of tho vast services rendered by '»he man they had learned to love as a father ¡n religion. An ad-díresa giving utterance to their esteem and affec- tion was sianed. on bebau of i the laity of the . archdiocese of Adelaide, ! by Messrs. W. J: Denny (chairman), F. i X Dui"nan. J. B. Gunson, E. McCarron,

J'v. Ô'Loghlin, H. J. Savage, J. J: Bul- li van; P. E. Kiley (hon. secretary).

Public Appreciation. - .. '

At the public ceremony held on May 7 last ycairat'St. J^and»-^Táeiís^>athedrai_

to celebrate the silver jubilee of Dr. j O'Reily"s consecration as a bishop, his Ex- cellency the Governor (Sir Day Bosanquet),

Sir Samuel Way. the Actinc Premier (¡sir i Kichard Butler), the Attorney-General I (Hon- H. Homburg), and the Mayor of Adelaide (Mr. Lavington Bonython) were present, and congratulatory speeches told of the high esteem in which the Archbishop '

was universally held.

Summary of Work by Himself.

In a characteristic reply, Dr. 0'Reily re- marked:-There ia none who Is human but loves to have the goodwill of those , with whom he works and those amongst whom he lives. The friendly feel- ings of those around bim make every man's, life happier. Those friendly feelings-soothe him. in hours of an_ety and stress. They strengthen him when he is faced with tasks that are aiduous. During my long life in Australia I have been singularly privileged somehow-T do not know the exact how, but certainly by no merits .of mv own-in the kindly thoughts entertained towards me by all classes of the community. -For every thought of friendliness or sympathy shown me 1 have always been grateful, and shall' be grateful till mv death. I am Irish, and Australia is to mc a foster mother: but she has been to me a foster mother ¿s tender, as, affectionate, as true n«i ever real-mother could possibly be. The suffragan bishops of the province of Adelaide have sent me an address on the 2ôt'a anniversary of mv consecration as bishop. , The province of Adelaide includes in its iurisdiction the whole of Western Australia, as-of South Australia, and the Northern Territory- To those suffrapcans -Bishop Kelly of Geraldton, Bishop XurT ton of Port Augusta. Bishop Torres of New Xorcia, Bishop Clune of Perth, and Kather Gsell, apostolic administrator of Palmerston-my wann thanks go out. - In the northern diocese of Port Augusta I labored for several years. The appreciation of my efforts during mv residence at Port Augusta «the terms of the. address from priests and people tell. In my difficidtics the Port Augusta priests and people helped most loyally. -It is a gratification to me'to know that, since I was-called bv superiór authority to another sphere cr labor they have not lost their feelings of affection towards mc nor have proved for- getful of my toil amoncst them during my time with thom- The priests and people of the Archdiocese of Adelaide also approach me with their greetings. Those greetings I accept with a gladsome hearts Both Driests and people have always been devoted to me. Their greetings now are but the setting of a seal to the many land words uttered an to the many kind deeds done by them in the past. My life in South Australia, now readiing a temi of 25 years, has been a struggle as far *«5 nnances are concerned-a otruggle, how aver, which ia its issue has brought peace »net j'oy to me. In our struggles I never thought there impended over us at any time the slg&test danger. I knew the cenerosity.of those to whom I had to loot for aid; nor did ever euadow of doubt cross my mind as to our ability io meet the risks that confronted us.

His Work in Adelaide,. .

£ have spent l8 years in Adelaide, and the Archdiocese of-Adelaide includes the greater portion of tfhe. population of South Australia. All the district account books of the archdiocese have not yet been b-n anced for tne two years ended March 31, 1913, but they are in process of being balanced now, and the work will be com- pleted in a few wecks% _ On our centralised and main account-which is actually oal

anced up to date-T have most definite information. We have built seven churchs«, a convent school, and a school at the "orphanage. Largs Bay, during the past two yeaxs-ami'-tiaffe -made-large -additions to

¡ Other properties of ours. I make a safe ¡

estimate-under the mark rather than over ii)-in setting that cost down at £13,300. j Of course, the outlay will be accounted ¡for to the last shilling a little later on. .To the exact amount raised in connection with the accounts already balanced I can 'testifv. The figures arc all before mo. They'amount to £401,539 for l8 years. Tjs sum of £13,300 added to the previous numeral makes a total of £414,639. There

are pomo few church institutions in the j Archdiocese of Adelaide for whose liabili- ties I am not directly responsible. Tnere

is the Jesuit residence at Norwood, tho j Carmelite Priorv at Alberton, ttie Pa^sion ist Retreat at Glen Osmond, the Christian Brothers' College, the Marist Brothers Col- lege at Largs Bay, the new school erected hy the Loretto nuns at forwood, and the North Adelaide Hospital. T am leaving a very wide margin if 1 say these buildings cost at least £17^00. -

Catholic Offerings in Port Augusta.

-Vs for tlie " figures for Port Augusta Diocese, I have Bishop Norton's statements to guide mc The contributions for church, charity, and education of the Port Augusta Catholics amounted to, since the first day I came amongst them to the present hour, £79,5546. The&o figures by no means re- present the whole of Catholic offerings in tile interests of education, charity, and church. Our priests, bisters, and brothers who are engaged in the training of toe young, and in works of mercy m the State number 492. I reckon the cost of their annual maintenance at a modest ngnrc-1 am undoubtedly not erring by -way of ex cess-at £11.970. This makes for tne 2o ve?rs £299,250. Neither the "store nor'oro Vnrrs have any fixed sa_ry, nor have the priests nor the archbisnop, nor bishops or the ecclesiastical province, any determina- tive income, save according to the giving of the people. ' In .three cases tïiere is some little endowment for our churches, but the amounts available are so trivial that thev hardly call for mention. Then there is "the education of our children, ior which we ourselves .pay. Tho object of our sacrifice is to give tiiehttle ones a religious training, while instructing them in secular subjects. V>* are educating m the State 5,466 children. The cost of their education comes to at .least £7,000 a year aoain I am only estimating, but stall in moderation, for I have no book-keeping details to guide mc. lor the »rea years I resided in Port Augusta the Refuge and Goodwood Orphanage were m full swing. Their outlay was at least £o00 a year each. The two outlays added together and multi- plied by seven make £7,000. Add all the fieures together, and yon haye this sum- mary of Catholic monetary efforts for the past twenty-five years*

Archdiocese of Adelaide.

Buildings, land, and upkeep of

charitable institutions up to

March, 1911 ....- .. .- .. ..£»1,389 Building erected since Mareil, 1911,

and now in course ot erection, but for whidi balance-sheets

bare not yet been made out .. 13,300 Buildings for-which the archdio- ,

cese is 'not directly responsible .. 1/.500 Upkeep of priests, sisters, and

brothers .. -v .- .-...-. ?;,__ Education .. -- -- -- .. .. .. .. 1-10,625 Refuce and'Goodwood Orphanage,

188S-1895 .. .*-.,-l-.i- ..' -. 7,000 Charitable institutions,-" from

March, 1911, to March, 1913- .. 6,500

Total.. :? .'.,;.: .-, f803«514 j

There is one institution for which .we receive a Government subsidy-the inmates are all wards of the,. State; but for the «¡even Others We -receive not a penny ot Government money,-«nd the nggregate of those sheltered, not reckDiî:nR.4ùe sisters ¡in charge, ¡rnnnber 372. _

Diocese of Port Augusta.1 '

Buildings and land. ,'£79,846 Upkeep of priests and sisters " .» 38,000 Education .. _...._ .. " " .. 25,635

Total .. .". " ""£.143,481 Grand total.£946,995 These figures-nearly a million of money will appear the morv» striking if we con- sider we are a people few in numbers and of limited wealth. Even women and chil- dren reckoned in we make only 54,413 souls

in the State.

The Governor's Tribute.

His Excellency the Governor (Sir Henry Galway), when informed of the death o"f the Archbishop, said:-"I regret very much to hear_ of Dr. O'Reüys death. He has left behind him a le- gion of friends. We- have not «seen much oi the Archbishop, but know he was held in the highest'respect hy all com- munities, and-I am only too glad to have an opportunity of paying a tribute to the splendid services he rendered to his Church not only in South Australia, but through- out Australia. Putting aside his many good -qualities as a Churchman, he un- doubtedly proved himself to be a very able financier] and it is patent to everybody that his devotion to duty shortened his life. I bave heard nothing but good of him. He has left a splendid record. I cannot help feeling his death is a merciful release from months and months of great suffering, horne with the most marvellous patience, faith, and fortitude."

Lady Galway's Admiration.

Lady Galway was grieved to hear the sad news. She said to a representative of '"The Advertiser,'" "'We heard so much of his charm of manner and wit. and were so pleased when we met the Arch- bishop, who called to see us, that we hoped very much it would he our lot to see more of him and paftidpate in the excellent work he was doing. We very much regretted _his long, protracted illness prevented us from seeing more of his Grace, and we join with the numerous people of all dasses and creeds who have learnt to appreciate and respect him, in paying a tribute to his memory."

An Appreciation by the Chief Justice.

His Honor the Chief Justice (Sir Samuel Way), when spoken to on the s_ject on Tuesday morning, said:-"The news has caused me great grief. I . have

been honored with the intimate, and, to use his own word, the brotherly friendship, of the late Arch- bishop for a long time. Although I am graterul he has been released from his. suf terings, borne with characteristic resigna- tion and fortitude, I cannot help feeling deep grief at the removal of one of_ my most distinguished contemporaries from whom I have, month after month, and year after year, received most generous kindness. I had the honor of the friend- ship of Dr. Reynolds, his predecessor, and mv friendship with the late Archbishop O Reily has developed to an even higher degree in consequence of my own illness and sorrows. So long ago as j898 he came up to Marble Hill twice to visit mc, and on the second occasion carried me up the stairs which I was unable to ascend myself. On the occasion of thedeath of my wife, and my more recent illness, I received n0 more affectiouate consolation than from his Grace. Naturally, to one who is a Protestant, the most striking charartcristic of the Archbishop was. his tolerant spirit to those outside his fold. The fact that we were not members of his church did not in any way interpose obstacles to our being recipients of the friendship flowing from a great and generous heart. No one can have lived m South Australia for the last 15 or 20 years without having been struck with his marvellous dialectic skill and his generous attitude towards opponents. We have no

one amongst us who can put an argument

more clearly and more persuasively than could ids Grace. His bilzty as a financier is known to us all, for he uplifted his dio- cese from the financial difficulties which al- most oven-whelmed it. The pamphlets which he issued year after year were models of clearness, and recorded triumphs cer- tainly unexampled in the history of any of tho other churches in »South Australia. Amongst his great qualities must be men- tioned his patriotism as a citizen and loy- alty to the British Crown. There is no one in South Australia, who was so well ac- quainted with the history of the various regiments of the British army as he was, and it was most inspiring to hear hrm talk to the veterans and^ to witness his pride in their exploits. Naturally- he was much interested in tlie great war,- and although his forecast of an early end of the struggle may not be realised we may bp confident that his^cxpectalion'of tlie "ultimate tri- umph of the cause of justice will not be a disappointment. His Grace's personal piety was an example to be imitated by Catholics and Protestants alike.''

"Left His, Impress' Behind. .

The sound of the mournful tolling of the Town Hall bell on Tuesday morning pene- trated to the sanctum" of the Premier in the Treasury build-in«- near by. The Premier ,('Hon; C. Vaughan) paused in his work to wonder what public calamity bad iappened further to sadden the already doleful times, but no word of the death of Archbishop O'Reily reached him nntil a representative of '"The Adver- tiser" called upon him and communicated the news. The Premier -was obviously much grieved. '*I deeply regret to hear of ¿he death of the Archbishop," he said. "It did not come as ashocK, because we all knew that he had 'been ill for some con- siderable time, though he bore his frailty

with cheerfulness ana resignation. .-ircu

bishop O'Reily endeared himself to all who knew him. His was a most genial dis- position. At the same time there was combined with that geniality a deep earnestness that impressed, his per- sonality upon one. 1 sympathise wita the Roman Catholic people in the great loss they have sustained, and the community generally will, I know, join in that ex- pression of sympathy. South Australia has been the richer for Archbishop .O'lveily's presence amongst us, but he has left his deep impress and the remem- brance of his kindly spirit behind."

Bishop of Adelaide's Sympathy.

"I 'wish to .express my sincere sym- pathy -with the Roman Catholics in this State on the loss they have sustained by the death of their Archbishop," said tue Ang_ean Bishop of Adelaide, the Right Rev. A- Nuöter Thomas. D.D., when tho news was conveyed to bim. "My rela- tions with him were elway<s most cordial, although our respective duties precluded ns from sowing much of each other. Soon after I arrived here he showed me over the Fullarton Refuge. ¡nailing upon meeting me himself and I reco'Ject the pride with which he explained to me the ar-, rangements, for which lie was chiefly rc nponslblc. On a later occasion he carne out to see me at 'Bishop a Court and we had a long talk on tho question of the Scriptural Instruction in Statte Schools League, "which I asked him to join. 1 remember - him declaring that he was with its ' in desiring that all

the dear little children should re- ceive religious instruction, but he feared that in the country the Roman Catholic children would be at a disadvantage, and for this reason, in spite of all I could say, he declared characteristically that ie would fight -us 'tooth and nail.' This com. bative spirit did not, however, extend to our social relations. I think it was on this occasion he saw my eldest little girl, and a few days later he sent her the big ¡rest doll I have ever seen. We have not been strangers, either, to the Archbishop's beautiful garden produce. I may recall also another occasion when we happened to be talking to each other-I thiukit was at the Mayor's Garden Party-and ihe ubiquitous photographer snapped us. "Let it appear,' said the Archbishop, 'as a union of the churches.' Adelaide is the poorer by the loss of a very human, humorous, courteous, and lovable man. Requicscat m pace."

.'A Methodist .Tribute.

The President of the Methodist, Con- ference (Rev.1 0. Lake) said:-"Thousands outside his own communion will hear wira sorrow of the passing of Archbishop O'Reily. His friendships among Protes- tants bear testimony to 'his breadth of spirit and tolerance of views divergent from his own. I came to Port Augusta after he had left it, and learned how much he was esteemed in the north by all sorts and conditions of men. líe wi- ll genial Irishman, and that, I tuppose, is the last word in praise of a man's generosity of disposition. He was de- votedly attached to 'his own church without finding it necessary on that ac- count to traduce other Christians. I do not recall 'any word that he has spoken through these years of his prelacy cal- culated to give us, who do not own the Roman obedience, a feeling of nain or anger. I remember several kindly utte rance-i. While the Christian army re- mains in separate camps it is much to have leaders in them who will recognise the courage and loyalty of those who, ni their own i «gimen t«, arc fighting the eoin nion ioe. Among the letters' I cherish I have one written to me by the dead

Archbishop -that» I .vafaifrgycr-fl 4*¿hly. in- ! deed," -- - I

Archbishop Spence.

When the announcement was made at the " end oL April last year, that the Very Rev. Prior Spence had been appointed coadjutor archbishop, it was received with satisfaction by those members of the Catholic Church who knew the genial prior personally, or were acquainted with his work in the State. As an organiser, he had already established a well-earned reputation, and his deep in- terest in all matters which affect the wel- fare of the church, and its people, had i\on for him widespread respect and «jsteem. The new archbishop hails from Cork, Ire- land. He entered the . Dominican Order when a boy of fifteen or sixteen. After a period spent in educational work at the House of Studies, Pallaght, County Dub- lin, he went to the House of the Domini- can Order. Lisbon (Portugal), where he re- mained for some years. He returned to Ireland after a period, during which he was engaged in missionary work at Lisbon, and at once found congenial employment in the service of the church at Cork- After a few years' successful work in his native city he proceeded to the House of the

THE NEW ARCHBISHOP./

Í-ti

Congregational Sympathies.

Mr. George McEwin (vice-chairman of the Congregational Union) remarked: "'I think I can say, on behalf of the Congi eg.itional organisation, that its mem- bers deplore the loss of such a promi- nent chnrchiman ás the Archbishop-one whose sympathies extended to far wider spheres than those of his own particular church. I have had quite a number of illustrations of that sympathy in wold and deed. It was my. privilege to come into contact with liirn" in matters of busi- ness, and be very seldom saw me with; out enquiring about the progress of church matters an my own denomination. 'Wo are all children of the same Eather,' he -used- to say frequently, and I think he thoroughly meant it every timo lie said it. I look "upon his death'as a-, great loss, not only to the Roman ' Catholic Church, but to the whole State. His sympathies were so widespread and genuine. I know individual Congrega tionaSsts who held the Archbis'iop in quite an affectionate regard." '

A Prelate of Broad Sympathies.

'The lamented death of' Archbishop O'Reily is a serious loss to the whole Chris- tian community in this State,"' s-iid the Rey. Selwyn Evans, of Stow Church. ''We Congregationalists stand, ecclesiastically, very far removed from the great church of which he was the honored head in South Australia, but we recognised in hirn not only a great ecdesiastic and a devoted lead_ of his own people, but also a man whose «ympathies were broader than the limitations of his own church, and whose mind was not merely Roman, but catholic. The dignities of his high and responsible olfice did not isolate him from men; he was always genial, brotherly, willing, and even anxious to see another's point of view ard to find common ground; eager to brin? his church into living relations with the life of the State, and, above all, anxious to make religion a living reality in the home, the school, and the corporate life of the community. He ha» gone into the higher life and service of those who surround the Throne. His work remains. His people are to-day sorrowing for the death of their chief shepherd, and to them all we offer our respectful and tender sym- pathy."

Singularly Able Administrator.

The Rev. A. II. Collin-? (president of the Baptist Union) said-"Whilst I did not en- joy the advantage of a personal friendship with the deceased Archbishop I followed with sympathetic interest the report» of his long illness, and rejoiced in his example oí Christian patience and fortitude. Arch- bishop O'Reily was a singularly able ad- ministrator of his diocese, a man of out- standing scholarship, exqui-ite taste, and broad human sympathies. He was, above all, a lovable man with a bl.imeless record, md his translation will he a heavy 'lo-s to the Church lie loved and »erved «so ' faith- fully. I offer my respectful sympathy " the members and adherents of that

Church.''

Regard of Lutherans.

The president of the South' Austialian District Lutheran Synod of Australia (the Rev. W. Janzow) ieraarke«i-"'I was not personally acquainted with the Archbishop. Although oin- Church is at variance with the Roman Cathol.c Chinch in point of doe-1 trine,.we still had a high regard for Arch-

bishop O'Reily a3 a man. a leader, and a ' citizen, and we gratefully leiucmber the manly stand he made by letters In the press with regard to the loyalty of G enuau-Aus- tralians, iuirthcrmoic, wo always appre- ciated his attitude toward» the parochial

school question.''

Difficult to Replace.

Colonel Cam, the divisional commander (S.A.) for the Salvation Army, - remarked that he knew Archbishop .O'Reily us a re- fined and scholarly gentleman, but he never came into personal touch with him. ''On behalf of our organisation," Colonel Cam remarked, "1 can express great sympathy with the Roman Catholic Ohurch'in their severe loss. I think it will be very diffi- cult, to .replace such a valuable man. In connection with the system of his church he mui-t have done a great deal of good.''

"Jjanze-hcrated end Broad -«minded."

The Raibbi (Rev. A. T. Boas) said: '"It is with deep regret and genuine sor- row that -I leanrt this evening of the death of mv old and revered friend, Arch- bishop O'Keily. "Reouiescat in pace.» T am proud to know that tor many y^ears T enjoyed his kindly îriendôhip. ile was a prelate of the Romish Church, 'whom members of all denominations honored and respected. Large-heartcdness and broad mindedncss characterised the good ' Arch- bishop. "Know ye not i_at there ¡s a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel.' A prince of the Romish Chnrch and j. great mau in the Common- wealth; one rawed above his f ello .va, 'by the services he -rendered his l-ollows, by tlie services he rendered his community and mankind at large. Hia love of humanitv was intense. I have the p.'eas

reeollection of this high personal quality when I called to my mind the me- morable public meeting held at our Toivn Hall some years ago for the purpose of expressinc; commisaration with the perse- cuted Je.vs in Russia. I think it was in 1SSS. I cali to mind with deep sr.it. tude tlie passionate, eloqueqt appeal of the lamented Prelate in ¡his protestation" ! of the^persecution of the Jews in Ri'i-aia. The fiaffe_nga4)f iny;.^^icE^iiist5itow:3Kd

Drder, Newry, County Down, and subse luently he was appointed to the impor- tant post of prior of the House <- in _il-/ *enny. Here he remained until-1898, when be left Ireland for South Australia.

His work as prior of St. Lawrence's and Jriest in charge at North Adelaide was ;arried out wita consistent consden tiousness and devotion. But he has not limited his energies to this field of labor, for he has rendered valuable service, to the church by his missionary work, which b.is extended to all parte of the archdio- cese. Deeply interested in all branches of ehurch work, he has found time to render much valuable aid to the various, institu- tions assodated with Catholic life and activity. Amongst the many organisations in which he has taken a keen interest may be mentioned the Hibernian Society. For several yeaTs he. acted -as.' chaplain of the North Adelaide branch in all its de- partments, and shortly after his appoint- ment as Coadjutor Archbishop the St Patrick's branch passed a spedal resolu- tion, congratulating him on his elevation. The appointment as coadjutor .was with the right of succession.

b«, sympathetic heart. L shall-al ways, re- member him with reverence and lore, as one of nature's noble sons. By his kindly <iets and broad-mindedne_ he has,rooted himself deeply in the affection of." the

people of South Australia.

'Death has moulded into calm complete-

ness

The stature of his life.'

My deep sympathy goes out to the mam hors of his church, over which he T>re slded with grace and honor. 'Nothing is here for tears, nothing to wail or knock the.breast, no weakness, no contempt dis-

praise or blame; nothing but well and, fair,' and what may quiet us in a, death so noble' " " ~','"j~,

"The Speaker's Sorrow. - « - ,

.The -Speaker of the House of Assembly (Hon. L, O'Loughlin) said:-"One of the, greatest privileges of my,life is to have' .intimately known his Grace Archbishop 0'Reily_ ever since he arrived in this State in 18S8 to take charge as first Bishop of Port Augusta diocese, where I then lived. There - he ~soon won the affection and esteem of all. Though he had difficult and intricate rduties to, per- form in collecting money to liquidate debts his work was performed in suth ' à manner that those who gave to 'him considered it a pleasure to do- so. He was large-hearted and broad-minded,, and his sole desire was the welfare of the people. The various institutions he in- augurated for their benefit will bear testimony to his great zeal. By those of ,liis own denomination his naine will be revered and treasured for generations to come. Although his death was not unexpected it has made me fed. quite

lonely."

The Archbishop as a Financier.

"The late Archbishop removes from the Commonwealth one of its greatest intel- lects." said Mr. W. J. Denny, M.P.,' on Tuesday morning. "Always a great and distinguished administrator of ecclesiastical affairs, and a profound theologian, he was also a man 01 extremely high intellectual attainments in many branches of literature, art, and «science. In fact, it might truly be

_id of him

'A man so various that be seemed to be Not one, but all mankind's epitome.'

"He had a special fondness for mathema- tics and philosophy, and could discourse very learnedly at a moment's notice on all the great problems of " those branches of science. Unfortunately the -nature of his life's work of recent years did not per- mit him to devote much time to systematic study, and he always lamented the fact that the financial affairs of the~ardi-dioccse required his almost exclusive attentioni-*Af.v ter a. large meeting of Catholics c'aîléd for the purposcof considering the financial position of the arch-diocesc he remarked to mc regretfully-'My life now seems to bo rather that of a. bookkeeper than an archbishop,' Thfc affairs, of the . arch diocese, however, flourished exceed ingly under Jus guidance and the progress made has been truly wonderful. Not only has the huge .burden of e'ebt been largely removed, but-Catholic churches, scaools, convent», refuges," oPohanages, and other homes to relieve suffering humanity have sprung Tip' on every, "side. The .__ bishop's method of reducing the debt on .the Port Augusta diocese was uniqu; but uniformly, successful, and would have done credit to the ' ingenuity- - and keenness of' -a >. taxation officer./"In every centre he called . together a/small "committee of representative CathoBes,,<who assessed the amount' which each Catholic'in the' parish should i pay. That assessment^ worked more satisfactorily'than'any 'compulsory method, and tile Archbishop gave ''each parishioner the right -to "appeal to»- him- self personally. Nèedless-Stb say"i _>the right _-was ..rardy. exercised, and-,, the amount of each assessment was invari- ably and punctually.'; ripaid.^ X Dr. O'Reily frequently remarked " that he took no interest . fn ' and knew nothing of politics, which ' was true iu the sense that lie know nothing of the machinations of the p.irty poli- tician. , But he had a veiy wide and ex- tensive knowledge of economic questions, paiticiilai-li\ielating to finance. The late Mr. Tom Price on one occasion told me that on one train journey he had the te- merity to make some remarks '..concerning the State Bank and paper-currency, but that ho was 'so overwhelmed with the knowledge and experience of the Arch- bishop on these questions that he was not equal to the intellectual pressure of the conversation and gracefully retiied. The confidence and trust.placed in the Arch bishoD bv his flock was'-truly wonderful, they appreciated his extraordinary de- sire to let them know* every de- tail connoted >vith the adminis ti.ition of his important office. His death will be universally, regarded as the loss of an inspiring ecclesiastical leader, a kindly and-sympathetic public, citizen, and a loyal and devoted personal friend."

Civil Court Adjourned.

During the sitting of the Civil Court.on Tuesday, his Jlonori Mr. Justice Gordon left the bench for a little while, and on'his leturn, said:-"1 have just been informed by his Honor the Chief Justice ot the death of his Grace Archbishop O'Reily. It i« not the custom of the Supreme, Court to adjourn its proceedings us. a mark of respect except-in. the .case of ?the'd.eatlt'ol persons eminent in the law. or it might be eminent in the Civil Service. And in ordinary casca ia.-» cotuitry ?*f**ierta'thcrs_ja.

io State Churchjïit is peruana not aeäiraow that such an 'official step shtfcild be taken in connection wîtli the death of an eenie ?nastical dignitary. But while the, lata lamented Archbishop was a great and dis- tinguished leider of his own church, he was much more His services to the com- munity.. li_\e been, remarkabje m almost every" sphere of usefulness and benevolent effort- open to a eitise-n.' In the midst of the most laborious work for his /jwnr chnrclr he nevei shrank from_ enlarging his labors foi the good of his fellow-men. irrespective ot creed Tho greatness of »sucn a man is not to ne measured bv the small nc=s of oin community He would ha\e been a gi cat man an where-great not only becaase of his intellectual qualities, but grett because he was as humble m «pint a=* the lowliest of men Tt n because of his service to the community as a ctti7en that with the approval of his Honor the Chief Justice, and also,r_ know. of the other judges, that I adjourn the court till 2 o'clock as a mark of the'pro found resnect which the -bench and liar entertain foi the late Archbishop. -t*.ho was

io\ ed liv u-»- n'l '

Mi. C~ M Muirhead, ?nho ivaa the only counsel in court at tlie moment, said he was «orre the liar endorsed the remarks of Ins Honor regaidmg the profound respect they all had for the Archbishop. >

A Tolerant Man.

Sir Samuel Way, in «peaking at tàx Jubilee celebration service in connection with the ministry Of the Rev. Dr. Bevan,

vaid. '(I bave learned lessons of tolennee from two men m South Australia. On« wis Di Bean and the other mv lata friend. Aichbi«hop O'Reily, of the Roman Catholic Chureh He Iras shown tojme and manv otheis outside the pale of 3ns o>**r_ ciiurch-my friend, tlie Rev. H*äor-f Howard, for instance-a true and "b-cotherri-f affection tfm strong to be held *wifhin Any eccleoiattical '"bound--. I shall -ever -forget' the deep t-j rapathv and consolation I re-' ceived f i om tile late Arcbbisno-p <ft the turn«1' of the greatest sonpw of my life."

Glenelg -Sympatin. < At the mcr-tin-r of -tlie Glenelg Tort' Council On Tuesday e-tening -Oouncillor1 Olifent referred m sympathetic terms to the death of Archbi«ho*D O'Reilv. He gani the decea"-ed prelate v. as greatly esteeraed and bel over!'-"by the whole of the <e>*mnin> nri\ Ii wa« decided that a rocor_ of sympathy be placed in the minutes. * ""

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