THE AUTUMN SHOW."
PREPARING FOR THE OPENING.
THE JUDGES AT WORK.
At 1 o'clock to-day the autumn show of the Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society will be opened, and there is every prospect of the exhibition being the most successful yet held by the society. The Government Offices will be closed at 1 o'clock. His Excellency the Governor will be received at the entrance gates by Mr. John Hill (president of the Society) and conducted round the buildings and grounds to inspect the exhibits. The official luncheon will*afterwards be held, at which Mr. Hill will preside, and his Excellency will be present. After the usual loyal toasts have been honored Mr. S. J- "Jacobs will propose "The Ministry and Parliament." The toast of "The Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society" will be the only other sentiment proposed, and it is antici- pated that the speeches will be brief. At 1.30 there will be a parade of blood stock, and at á o'clock a programme of horses in action will begin. The entries for horses in action this year num- ber 307, and not 288, as previously reported. This, the secretary believes, constitutes a numerical record. There will be on view to-day, in addition to the ma- chinery and other exhibits, fruits, flowers, and vegetables, which will be shown in tne main hall; also wool, dairy produce, and bees, honey, and appliances for the apiar- ist. Extra room has been provided for plants and cue flowers, and the show promises to establish a record from the exhiDitor's point of view, JAS usual, the front portion of the hail is filled with trade exhibits. Carriages are shown in the new building erected on the esplanade, and the wine kiosk is at the foot of the stairs leading to the .Northern Annexe, Wheat and other agricultural produce is shown in the Northern Annexe for the first time, and there is a multiplicity of ex- hibits of all sorts on various parts, of the ground- Arrangements have been made to use the Old Exhibition Ground for » carriage paddock to accommodate visitors to the show. In the evening a concert will be given.
On Wednesday the wool, agricultural, and dairy produce, eggs and heads, and portion of the South Australian Industries and Manufactures were judged. To generalise, it may be said that the exhibits in all classes were numerous and excellent in
quality. ' To particularise, the samples of
wool and wheat " were the best ever seen in South Australia. Of the wheat, the judges unanimously declared that they had never handled such magnificent samples. The weather promises to continue favor- able, and there should be large, attendances during the three days of,the show.
" ' WOOL.
\For Merino wool there were four classes;, nameljr, young and ,old rams, aud young and o.d ewes. The coudiuons were that the growth of wool was not to exceed 3.5 days, and to be shown in the grease, trie sheep to have' been grazing on" .laucy thit had not been cultivated -during the last three years. No artificial feed ng^ m any shape or form was permitted, and thus ihe competition was strictly confined to gi a s feds. There was a moderate competit.on, but the quality was all that could bs «e srred^and undoubtedly showed an improve- ment 'on that of previous years, li, is a pity, indeed, that such an important cla=3 should only be competed in by four or five exhibitors. Tne Merino wool, in- deed, makes a most creditable display. The judges remarked that they were pleased to note it bad retained its ' fineness of quality, without los.ng tho^e robust and weighty characteristics for which South Australian Mer.nos are noted. It is sjit, e.astic, and kind to. handle, and all round it compares very favorably witli any'other Merino wool in Australia. The si'aple is of excellent length, and the fleece^ are uniform and good, the wool be.ng of the bold, valuab e type characteristic of this State. There is only one exhibit in ihe Shropshire classes, and while an improve- ment was noted in this type! of wooi the judges expressed the 'desire to know wnether tae improvement in the quality of wool is not effected at the expense of the carcase, for the Shropshire's ch.ei purpose is for the market. It was also noted t-at this class of sheep appears to be improving in the Australian-climate. There weie no Lincoln entries: "*? The judges, who were assisted by Mr. A. Ham.lton, hive put. the market price on each fleece for'the beneüt of the general public.
A most gratifying recovery in the export trade in dairy produce from South Austra- lia has taken place this season; in fact, the shipments of butter for London in spring were the largest made during that period of the jreav since the butter bonus was stopped about eight years ago. The pre- sent export season is not yet over, and it is pleasing to note the satisfactory prices that are being obtained on the London market for South Australian butter. Excellent spe- cimens of the high-quality butter that can be produced in 'this State are on view at the Royal Agricultural and Horticultural So- ciety's show: The judg ng of the dairy pro- duce took place on Wednesday. It was ar- ranged .that Mr. P. H- Suter, the Govern- ment dairy expert, should act as judge, but, evidently through some mistake, he did not put in ad appearance, and his whereabouts could not be ascertained. Consequent y Mr. H. E. A. Pratten (of Messrs. A. Wil- kinson & Co.) and Mr. S. Pritchard (of Port Adelaide) were approached, and they helped the society out of a difficulty by lending their services at a moment's notice.. As usual, the judging of the butter was by points, on the following scale:-Flavor, 45 points; texture, 25 points; color, 10 points; salting, 10 points; appearance. 10 points; total, 100 points. In the important class of 50 lb. of fresh butter there were no fewer than 16 entries, some of the factories being represented by two or three exhibits. The results of the"judg;ng were as follow:-1
Exhibitor. ' . «j O
I I -2 ^ I 1"
E S S S «I &
Tuckwell & Son. 42.50 24.50 0.50 8.50 10 00
Tuckwell (c Son. 42.50 25 10 0.50 0.50 60.50
Macclosfleld D. and P. Coy.' 43 21 0.50 10 10 00.50
Macelesñsld D. and P. Ooy. 48 24 9.50 10 10 10 50
Kondoparinga Butter Factory. 42.50 23 50 0.5O 10 10 95.50
Kondoparinga Butter Factory. 42.50 23.50 0.50 10 10 05.50
Blakiston 0. P. and B. Coy.'...j 42.50 24 0.50 10 10 00
Blakiston C. P. and B. Coy. 43 24.50 10 0.50 10 07
Melrose B. and P. Ooy. 42.50 23 0.50 0.60 0.50 03
Gumeracha Co-op. Coy. 43 21.50 10 0.50 10 07
Gumeracha Co-op. Coy. . 43 24.50 10 9.50 10 07
Mount Bnrkcr D. and P. Coy. . 41.50 23 10 10 10 04.50
Mount Barker D. and P. Coy. .,... 41.50 23 10 10 10 04.50
Onkaparinga 0. and B. Factory ... 43.50 24.50 10 10 10 98
Onkaparinga 0. an'd B. Factory ... 43.50 24 50 10 10 10 08 "
Onkaparinga C. and B. Factory ... 43 24.50 10 0.50 10 07
This shows that the Onkaparinga Cheese and Butter Factory obtained the first and second prizes with two exhibits, which were awarded 98 points each out of a pos- sible hundred. The 6ame company also tied for third prize with three other exhibitors. i A noticeable feature, indicating good judg
I ing, was that the exhibits of the different
factories, although unknown to the judges at the time, were classed very closely to- gether- The other big class of butter was 1 cwt., suitable in quality and packages for export. The Onkaparinga Cheese and But- ter Factory again secured both the first and second awards, the achievement of the company in this and the first-mentioned class being exceedingly meritorious. The
I third prize in export butter was won by the j Gumeracha Co-operative Company, whose two exhibits obtained 98 points each. A
pleasing feature is the increase in the num- ber of entries in the export butter class this year, and the appended table shows the points awarded:
. & S S 3 -3
Tuckwell & Son. ' 42.50 25 10 IO 10
Kondoparinça Factory .i 41.50 24 10 10 10
Blakiston 0. P. and B Coy.4 42.60 25 10 10 10
B'akUton 0. P. and B. Coy..j 42.50 25 10 10 10
Gumeracha Coop. Coy, .( « 25 10 10 10
Gumeracha Co-op. Coy. .1 13 25 10 10 10
Mount Barker t>. and P. Coy. ...« 42.50 24 0.60 10 10
Onkaparinga C. and B. Factory ..? 43.50 25 10 10 10
Onkaparinga 0. and B. Factory .« 48.60 25 10 10 10
Good competition took place in the 5-cwt. cheese exhibits,- and the first prize was se- cured by the Blakiston Cheese, Produce, and Butter Company, the second award going to the Onkaparinga Cheese and But
The judges, when questioned, said they were greatly pleased with the high quality of the butter generally. The texture on the whole was very fine, this being par- ticularly so in the export class. The cheese exhibits also were a credit to the State.
The agricultural produce exhibits in the
northern annexe are not very nume ous v some classes, but the main cereals, wheat, barley, and oats, make a good dis plav, and South Australian producers are to be congratulated on the quality of their I grain this season. The wheat exhibits
are unprecedentedly fine, the quality be- ing superior to any shown for many years. In fact it is doubtful if such) grain, was ever seen in Australia before. The judges remarked-"We have never handled such wheat before. It is well dressed, and in excellent condition. South Australia need never be ashamed to compete wich any country in the world with such wheat." The first prize sample weighed 69.13* lb. to the bushel, the heaviest -wheat, Mr. Dar- ling said, he had ever seen since he has been a judge. There are first-class ex- hibits of barley and oats, the barley being the best the judges had ever seen. The peas and fodder exhibits are not so numerous as usual, but the quality is good. There is a very attractive ex- hibit of grain in /the straw, consisting of King's Early, MarshaB'sNo. 3, Viney, Pur- ple Straw, Tuscan, "Californian, Newmarc, and Petaty Surprise wheats; White, Al- gerian, , and Cape oats; Scotch, Cape, English, Duckbill, 'Chevalier, and other varieties of barley; rye; samples of Yorkshire Hero, Prussian Blue, and_ field peas, and a stand of many varieties of rust-res:sting wheat. The latter will be a special attraction to farmers, some of whose wKeatfields are subject to the devastations of the pest. The, eom; pressed fodder and green maize exhibits | are scanty, but good, especial'y the lat-
ter, which is weQ-grown and looks re- markably healthy. In,spite of the pau- city of exhibits in the'agrieulcural produce section, however, visitors, and especially those from the country," will find a lot to interest, and instruct them in the northern annexe, the wheat samples alone being worth going a long way to see,
As usual there is a splendid display of machinery, silent and in motion, to be seen in the machinery shed and on other parts of the ground. The Adelaide Cnem cal Works -have a large exhibit of fertilising materials, and cattle . and poultry fooc's. There is every description of harvesting machinery on view, the chief exhibitors being Messrs. J. S. Bagshaw & Sons. Th s comprises harvesters, winnowers (horse and power), chaffcutters, sepirators, horse works, crushers, and grinders, com crush- ers, centrifugal and other pumps, seed graders, ploughs, and harrows, disc drills, and an innumerable variety of ag-icu.tural ¡ machinery of all m.ikes. and the latest in-
ventions. There is also a miscellaneous collection of non-eompetitive exh:b.ts in au classes well worthy of inspection,
MESSRS. J. S. BAGSHAW & SON.
Messrs. J. S. Bagshaw- & Sons had their usual attractive display in chesameposiuon, on the left hand side on the entrance to the machinery hall
In stationary chaficutters they exhibited one No. 3, fitted with hand reversing gear, and one also fitted with power-reversing gear and shoulder-bar. There was also ahown a No. 4 fitted with combined eleva- tor and handy bagger. 'With the use of this elevator chaff may be delivered into a loom or bagged on the ground floor at che will of the purchaser, and this typedeserves the attention of tnose wisaing at times to bag and at others'to deliver into rooms. A
No. 5 cutter was also fitted with the far- mer's handy hagger,' so well known. In portable chaffcutters two sizes are shown a No. 4, with automatic duplexserewhagger, and a No. 5, with automatic duplex screw bagger; and there was also shown a No, 6 semi-portable chaff-cutter, all having com- mendable features. In grinders three sizes were shown, viz., Bl, B2, and B3; and also a combined No. 1 'cornerusher, with Bi "Alpha" grinder, mounted on the same frame. There was also shown Bl and B2 '"Alpha" grinders with flourmill attach- ments. In corncruehers four sizes wer« shown, No. 1, 2, and 3, the latter witl safety attachments.
In horseworks fivesizeswere shown, suited for one, two, three,- and four horses. Om is a new pattern, for which the company havesecuredthepatencedrights,and it is dif ferentiy constructed to the ordinary 4-h.p horseworks, inasmuch as a short spindle oi stud remains fixed and the crown wheei revolves upon it. This type is finding fa vor amongst farmers, as there are only twe poles, co which are attached double swingle trees for working four horses (two abreast) and everything is quite strong enough foi four herses. All these horse-gears an provided with safety clutches, which ma terially tend to minimise breakages. Ii seed-graders and screens three sorts wer« exhibited, as, besides the well-knowi "Ideal" rotary seed-screen, there were the first time on view two "Magic" seed graders, for which the company have se cured provisional patents. One of these graders is provided with a hopper to re ceive the wheat and an elevator to delivei it into the hopper of the ma chine, and beneath it is a re volving screen, while it has at elevator and bag-jumpar for filing the seec grain into bags. This machine is worked with sprockets and chain by hand, and the wind blast is from the top instead ol the ¡bottom, thus getting the wind above the screen. It is claimed for this new invention that it will fill a long-fell want in the expeditious cleaning of seec grain, which it does very efficiently. Thi other "Magic" seed-grader is constructed somewhat on the principle of an ordinarj winnower, but specially adapted for seec cleaning, as the company's patent régulât ing and self-cleaning, screen is placed be neath, and the machine is turned by hanc (but che opposite way to an ordinary win nower), and it is provided with an elevacoi and bagfiller. The work put into the» machines is quite worthy of the company'! high standard for efficiency, simplicity, anc durability.
In winnowers, the well-known horse treader combination winnower was shown besides a No. 3 portable long-screen win nower, a No. 3 portable short-screen win nower and elevator, and a No. 3 portable short-screen winnower with "Dunn's" pa tent attachments, and a No. 4 portable pa tent self-cleaning and regulating screen win nower and elevator. In thrashing header: the disc type was shown, as weil as the duplex spiked machine. In centrifuga pumps, made by the company, were to IK see? one 2-in. and one 3-in., also one oi their latest design-a "Niagara" centrifuga pump-for which it is claimed that a maxi mum volume of water may be raised witl minimum power, as has been proved by va nous trials. In "Bagshaw" deep-wel pumps a 3J-in. was shown, besides a pair oi 4-in. pumpa mounted on a frame.
In vignerons" machinery, for which the company have a good reputation, there were shown four sizes of their grape stem mers and crushers, and a duplex wine press with turntable, tramway truck and cage complete; also a 2J-in. single sereu press with cage and stand. A "Bagshaw,: "Hercules" continuous winepress wai also shown, and it is a credit to the com- pany. The same may be said of the "un chokable" must pump, for which the com- pany are obtaining a large number of or ders from South Australia and the adjoin ing States. A geared wine pump,, suit able for power, were exhibited, besides s collection of excellently-made wine cocks and man-hole screws.
In ou engines, thanks to the orders
received lately, the exhibits were reduced to two at this show. , viz., a ( three brake horsepower portable oil engine, and' one five-brake horsepower stationary ou engine, which embody all the latest im-
In disintegrators one was shown, being substantially made and well calculated to grind bones, or almost any substance, and spare gratings are supplied for giving diffe- rent grades of ground material. The im- portance of the currant and raisin industry, was not lost sight of, as was evidenced by the "Bagshaw" "¿ante" currant-grader shown, it is a well-constructed fruit-clean- ing machine, which will meet a long-felt want. A well-made frnit-cleaning ma« chine was shown.
Altogether Messrs. BagshaVs exhibits are worthy of support -from all farmers of the Commonwealth, as well as of other» having the interests of this State or the Commonwealth at heart. Although tha exhibit was not as large as usual, owing to the splendid patronage received by, the company, it was, nevertheless, a most cook mendable display.
MESSRS. CHARLES ATKINS & CO.
Messrs. Charles Atkins & Co. had an ex* hibit of engineers' requisites in the mai» hall. In a glass case was a collection of every conceivable kind, of engine packing« in front of which were arranged an assort* ment of lubricating oila and greases, .sur« rounded by a highiy attractive show of lu- bricators and steam fittings, while around
tue stand were piles of pulleys and belting» , of various kinds suited to afl requirement». This firm has made a special study for many
years of the particular needs of engineers, ^ and their exnibit was of great interest t»
all users of machinery. Another feature , was a collection of varnishes made at
Messrs. Charles Atkins & Co.'s works .at . Richmond, Victoria, which show how re- markably Australian manufacturera ara coming to the front ia competition with foragn makers. ,
MESSRS. E. RYAN & SONS.
Messrs. E. Ryan & Sons showed a 9-h.pu oil engine, manufactured by the well known Tangyes, of Birmingham. It is of the latest portable type, and capable of exert- ing its full power continuously on a ver» low consumption of ordinary kerosine oil.
The quantity of oil consumed is regulated ? automatically, according to the -varying load. The working and wearing parts are remarkably few and simple, and the engine can be placed m the care of any farm or station hand, although unskilled in machi-
nery. The starting of the engines (gene- * rally a difficult matter) is very simple in- deed, and another great feature 'is that the engine can be stopped for meal hour» and restarted without having to heat the vaporiser-lamp again. Speed can be govern- ed to exact requirements, and to avoid waste the supply of oil is stopped auto- matically; in fact, the makers, BO well
known to the world over, have brought . the engine as near perfection as possible.-' This engine was driving two low-speed cen-
trifugal pumps, which were pumping 21,009 x gallons per hour. - -,
MESSRS.'NORMAN & CO.
Farmers in South Australia of recent , years have been paying more attention to the gathering of their wheat crops by the most modern machinery, and in some dis- tricts, at least, they, arrange to save the
straw. On the stand of Messrs. Norman^ l and Cb. was exhibited the Ideal threshing'" machine, which requires only a small power
(5 to 7 h.p.) to work it. Already some at r these machines have been sold, and the farmers using them state that they haver found that they have done equally aa satis-, factory work as threshing outfits which," have cost three times the pnce. These threshing machines are furnished with double bagger, tailings elevator, and folding straw-earner complete. The concaves are
in three sections, and can be ad justed to,' suit the kind of crop feeing, threshed. ,Thá vibrating shaker bottom is in sections' o£ perforated sheet rron, with ^voaden crass
slats, and with the sieves as 'furnished all - kinds of grain can be properly cleaned.
Attached to the Ideal threshing machine is the Lefiel portable steam engine of IO
bJi.p., which is morerthan sufficient ta> drive it, arid with which a farmer- can.
readily drive a chaffcutter at the same time . as the threshing machine is being worked The boilers connected with the3e_ portable engines are multitubular, and with them steam can be quickly raised, while at 'the same time they are very economical > in fuel. Fitted on four strong steel wheels" they can be easily and readily transported from one stack or farm to another, and the engine and thresher together form... a: very desirable, outfit for farmers of mode-) rate means. The owners of threshing ma- chines are to a large extent independent of the weather at harvest time, as they are able to use their binders to gather the crops a few days earlier "than with 2 the' ordinary strippers, and also before the gram Í3 dead ripe. They also have rthe threshed straw for their cattle during the winter months.
CÜNDALL OIL'ENGINE... , ,, Messrs. J. A. Lawton & Sons> the 'well known firm of trolley and waggon buildera,
engineers, and axle manufacturers, exhibit - two of these thoroughly reliable oil engines. One is a six brake horsepower and the
other a two brake horsepower. They are" suitable for all classes of work, and the cost
of running them is less than a. halfpenny .per ^ brake horsepower per hour. The enginea i hare many special patented' parts, notably. ' the valve system of feeding the oil. Theft I have also two fly-wheels. The special, fea-,
tures were pointed out to- visitors, .and a ¡list
, of splendid testimonials was shown to 'all , ' interested" by the representatives of 'the firm
at the exhibit. In an advertisement" else-*
j where Messrs. Lawton & Sons" invite all in*
I terested to visit their extensive works on North-terrace to see the various processes of manufacture in operation.
j MESSRS. J. G. RAMSAY & CO.
[ J. G. Ramsay & Co. are again showing fe
full line of Buckeye grain and fertiliser noa and di»c drills and Buckeye harvest Jig Toa« ¡ ehinery The new Buckeye disc drill con i tams many new features, one of the prin ' cipal being the disc boot, which will not
choke up in wet ground. The manure feed is the great point irr the Buckeye, and is guaranteed to sow wet or dry manure
lírom 14 lb. to many ewt. to the acre, and ' | that without anyone having to clean out i the manure box two or three times a day.
The Buckeye is built on strong and simple ' lines, and from 12 hoe and disc upwards ia 1 on che double drive principle. There is ' absolutely no neck weight m the Buckeye,
| and this m itself saves pounds in horseflesh.
j The new Buckeye binder, mower, and the *
I Deere horserake are also shown; also a full
j line of Ransome's, Suns', and Jefieries'
single and double ploughs. The Deere j and Monsur disc harrow is likewise on
view, and is fitted with a patent spring , pressure and front carriage, which do away j with the pole. Other smaller lines, such,
as garden cultivators, garden barrows, wood beam ploughs, knife grinders, &c, are also to be seen.
MR. J. F. MELLOR.
Mr. Mellor'e regulating drake screen îot effectwely grading seed wheat, which is of undoubted benefit, is to be seen amongst other attractive exhibits of agricultural ma- chinery. A labor-saving apparatus in 'the
shape of a waggon loader for one person ie t I also on view. This- is. specially handy for j the loading of wheat, superphosphates, j wool, &c, and will no doubt, come into
feneral use. The stump-jump ploughs Mr.
lellor is exhibiting comprise one to five furrows. These are chiefly spring steel, and are about the lightest /ploughs in the States. The latest model of a fiveiurrow stump-jumper is a strikingly compact and
j light implement. It is spring steel through-
out, and has hook bodies with very short mould-boards. It is an interchangeable paring or share plough, and, the parts are adjustable with particular ease for heavy or light land. There is a display of very neat steel plough and reversible scarifier, shares and disc coulters. For the purpose of clean ploughing in sticky land Mr. Mel- lor is making prong mould-boards, which are invaluable. Jump harrows «re also shown. Last, but certainly not least, there are a couple of the well known patent bike strippers, complete with damp-weather at- tachment. One of these is fitted with the patent bike steering wheel, and the other with a pole for two horses. It is carried on the horse's back, instead of on a wheel, and is considered by some to be an im-
provement for the lulls. The idea of a! , two-wheel stripper is by no 'means, new, for the fir»t ones made by the late founder of the firm (Mr. Joseph Mellor), about 50
Sears ago, only possessed two wheels an shafts, hut the weight being only on ot horse, caused many sore backs. Hence tr pole, to be carried by two horses. Wit regard to the damn weather gear, it is sai by those that used it during the past sei Bon to be unequalled. The light sprin Bteel "save-all" combs save all the grai that comes within their reach, for the .have very fluted teeth. These combs an damp weather gears are attachable to a . most any make of stripper, and accorditi
to their many users will very soon pay io
THE OSBORNE DIVISION.
The fine and conspicuous exhibit of the Osborne division of the Internationall Har- vester Company of America attracted con- siderable notice and attention. It consist- ed of a 13-h.p. "Buffalo Pitts" traction en- gine, and a large size complete "Niagara" thresher. These fine types of engine are every day coming more and more into prac- tical use in farm work, road hauling, irri- gating, and so on, combining, as they do, an unusually large effective horsepower in proportion to their size and weight. One point worthy of consideration in this re- gard is that generally speaking as the cosy of an engine is in proportion to the weigh of material used, the "Buffalo Pitts" can be sold at a price that represents a saving to the purchaser of all the way from 25 per cent. to 40 per cent. as compared to the
cost of other engines of heavier and slower running types. At an exhibition of farm work on Mr. L. Conrad's farm at Dry Creek on Wednesday, February 22, this engine was seen at work hauling a 10-fur- row "Triumph" plough. The combination is intended to plough about 2,000 acres this year at Tintinarra, the plant having been sold to Mr. H. E. Joy, who is opening up a promising era in South Australia for farming on a large scale. When it is con- sidered that an area of 25 acres can be
covercd daily there is a splendid testimonial
to the efficiency of this new traction power.
The "Niagara" thresher has been well and favorably- known amongst Australian threshermen for many years, and has at "ways gained the highest results for effi- ciency, combined with great simplicity oi mechanism and wonderful durability. The thresher on exhibition is guaranteed capable to pot through 1,000 bushels per day. The Osborne firm also stock sizes up ¡to 2,000 bushels. The many distinct ad- vantages of this style of separating grain over the old-fashioned methods by the stripper and harvester are too well-known amongst up-to-date farmers to require fur Ither comment. It may, however, be point- ed ^out that there is a better cleaning 'of grain (na cracked nor dirty samples), whüt there ia also the saving of all the straw and chaff for fodder, with no'danger of loss of crop through the various misfortunes of fire, wind, or haul while waiting for the Btandingrgrain to ripen sufficiently to allow its stripping, and no weeds nor rubbish .cast all over the paddock to spread and cause loss and trouble later with noxious growth. , These few noints, beside many others, will prevail with farmers who have .sufficient foresight as to their ultimate wel- fare, and who are looking for the most eco- nomic and uT>to-date methods of agricul- ture. In this the "Niagara" thresher easily holds its own against all competitors.
The Osborne división have various other ¡types of engines and threshers to arrive, or ? on view at their Blyth-street warehouse,
'with all their, other well-known lines of .seeding and harvesting machinery, such as drills, cultivators, disc harrows, peg har- rows,, steel land rollers, binders, mowers, Takes, horseworks, chaffcutters, <fcc; all of these exhibit as heretofore the latest and "best styles of manufacture.
VEHICLES, MOTORS, AND CYCLES.
MESSRS. CLARKE BROS.
Messrs. Clarke Bros., of Frankhn-street, an up-to-date firm of coachbuilders, ex- hibited over-30 different descriptions of "vehicles, including every useful style. These included their new design of four-wheel .English dog-cart with rubber tires/ and . hooded buggies of every description, and of most modern construction; side-bar buggies of new design, fitted with rubber tires; double-seated buggies of seven different styles, as well as Rosa and express waggons of different styles. The pnce ranged from I £25 and upwards, according to style and finish. Six different styles of sulkies were - shown, and persons in want of a good
quality sulky at a reasonable figure would do well to inspect this line of two-wheel vehicles as made by the firm. Mesórs. s Clarke Bros.' show was a very large one,
and commended itself to everyone who is in- search of first-class vehicles at a moderate > price. '
. Messrs. Clarke Bros, had also on view the latest model of Crestmobile, 5* horse- power. This motor car is constructed with all the latest improvements, and is said by the firm, to be the best of hill climbers. It is highly finished, and should find a ready sale, as the price is very reasonable.
MESSRS. DUNCAN & FRASER
Messrs. Duncan & Fraser, of 46, Frankh'n tetreet, Adelaide, had a varied display of vehicles of all sorts and sizes, from the ¡handsome four-wheel dog-cart to a sulky suitable for a small pony. A lock-under hooded buggy is a distinct novi*lty, and ia especially suitable for a medical gentle- man. It has a fold'ng seat at the back for a coachman, and this,* when closed, gives the appearance of a single-seated buggy. ¡The buggy' is finished* in the best style, and is fitted with a buffalo hide leather hood and North British rubber tyres, the ¡whole making a compact, stylish, and ser- viceable "buggy. A four-wheel dog-cart, painted a nice quiet green,' and upholstered m -buffalo hide leather, the wheels being fitted with rubber tyres, is a fine-looking carriage, suitable for an upstanding horse or pair of ponies. The golden express, in' the same collection, cannot fail to attract the attention of those who have an eye for the beautiful. It is different to the or- dinary style of express, and is a very pretty and serviceable vehicle. A Rosa buggy, -with seats arranged so that occupants all face the- horse or sit back to back, as desired, * is a very useful vehicle, which _ claims many admirers in both town and
country, while it has found favor with a good many people in preference to an ex- press. Like several other vehicles which are very popular, to-day t this style was de- signed ana named by Messrs. Duncan and Fraser some years ago,' and' they are natu ¡rally very proud of the position it holds. Phaetonettes fitted with patent boss fore icarriage, two-wheel carts, sulkies, expresses of different varieties, Marni buggies, Michie buggies, and spring-drays are all included in this exhibit, and are a credit to the firm whose name has been so familiar to vehicle users for a great many yeara. " The fact that their business has increased by , nearly 100 per cent, during the last twelve
" months is.a good criterion of the popularity
they enjoy. ' .
Oldsmobile motor carriages for which Messrs. Duncan & Fraser are the South lAustralian agents, were present in large numbers and different styles. The Olds Company now make cars of the following descriptions:-5 and 7-horsepower cars, to carry two or four persons; 7-h.p. touring runabout; 10 and 20-h.p. Tonneau cars; li) and 16-h.p. delivery, waggons and passen- ger buses. There are perhaps no better known motor-cars than the Olds, the makers of which have the largest motor- car factory in the world. These cars have a great reputation in every part of the globe as well as in Australia. Recently a couple of them made a run of 100 miles each for 30 consecutive days over all sorts end conditions of roads. They are really good hill-climbers, and two of then? main features are reliability and simplicity. All interested in motors should inspect them. The Argyll motor carriages were also re- presented among the exhibits of MesSrs. Duncan & Fraser. They are built in Glas- gow and have an excellent reputation, and
one in South Australia has covered an aver age of 57 miles a day for 60 consecutiv« days. This is a sufficient proof that motor cars will stand hard and continuous every day work.
ADELAIDE MOTOR-CAR WORKS.
Great interest attached to the exhibit ol motor-cars by the Adelaide Motor-Car Works (George Wills & Co., proprietors) who have now been appointed the sole agents for the celebrated "Wolseley" and genuine "De Dion" motor-cars. The general opinion seems to be that these two makes of cars will control the demand for high-class motors on account of the superiority of the workmanship and reliability. Amongst the exhibits were the Vauxhall (British) and Botiaux (French) cars, both being first-class pieces of machinery.
MR. F. MOLLER.
At Mr. F. Mollers stand, the well-known cycle dealer, of 199, Rundle-street, is a fine 2f-h.p. motor-cycle, manufactured by the M.M.C. Co., whose motors have taken a foremost position in Great Britain. It has a long wheel base, and with a large petrol holder an additional tank is affixed, which, by means of the ordinary infla tor pumps over its supply as required, giving a 160-mile tank capacity. The specialty of this machine was the exhaust trigger which, fashioned like an ordinary gun-trigger, re- lieves or establishes the exhaust instantly. As the control is fixed on the handlebar this is one of the most easily controlled ma- chines for street traffic in the market. A few samples of the well-known New Howe cycles for ladies and gentlemen, also the Royal Seidel and Naumann, Perry, and other makes of cycles, for whom Mr. Moller is the agent, were also shown. Each ma-
chine is shod with the celebrated Atlas tiree and World makes. Altogether this was a very creditable exhibit.
SPHINX MOTOR COMPANY.
The Sphinx Motor Company are suffi- ciently enterprising to stock almost every line of accessories necessary to the motor- ing public, and what they have not got in stock, and if they cannot make it, is not likely to be obtainable easily in Australasia. They stock a large variety of different makes of cars, motor-cycles, trimos side carriages, trailers, engines, both air and water cooled, suitable for cars and motor launches, while just lately they have placed a 21-ft. launch fitted with 5-h.p. auto-motor engine on the Torrens Lake, much to the delight of those who frequent these beaut .ful waters in great crowds on Saturday after- noons, Sundays, and holidays. They also have two other launches, one on the Mur- ray and one at the Port, both of which are on sale. Among their exhibits are eight 10-h.p. Humber cars, 9-h.p. De Dion, Botiaux, Body, and Tanneaux; 6-h.p. Vaux- hall car, with seating accommodation for four people, and a delightfully cool-looking canopy top; 8-h.p. Star Chassis, ' made by the Star Engineering Company of England, with 2|-h.p. and 3^-h.p. motor-cycle seta, 3£-h.p. and 3J-h.p. auto-motor sets, motor launches and engines, Bronn and Minerva motor-cycles, trimos side carriages, and trailers, and a large assortment o£ acces- sories.
MR. T. J. RICHARDS.
Mr. T. J. Richards, carriage, buggy, and sulky builder, Hindmarsh-square, Adelaide, and West Mitcham, had- an extensive ex- hibit, which occupied a large space on the left-hand side of the new annexe, erected on the Continental grounds. It included several interesting novelties which are new to the manufactures of this State. One could have spent a very profitable and en- joyable afternoon in inspecting the beauti- fully-finished specimens of the carriage builder's art on view. The display made by Mr.. Richards consisted of 35 vehicles of every known style and design, and their high class appearance attracted a host of admirers. Mr. Richards is recognised throughout the Commonwealth as being especially skilled as a sulky builder, and he
well maintains the distinction he has won by his unique exhibit in this class. The "Richards" sulky is practically the acme of perfection. Mr. Richards' has disposed of many hundreds of these light roadsters, not only in South Australia, but in every State in the Commonwealth, which is a proof of their superiority. Another style which this firm has introduced is the "King of the Road," and it well deserves its name, as, judged by the design and appearance of those exhibited, Mr. Richards states that he has disposed of one of these sulkies to go into the eastern part of Victoria. The Sylph sulky is a Sydney patent which this firm bas the sole right to build in South and Western Australia. There were two of this style on show, one with rubber-tires and painted a pretty red, Young people particularly fell in love with this dashing little cart. The "Federal" sulky was the next to attract attention, as it is a nobby little sulky for a pony. Then there was a beautifully-finished "phaeton" sulky, which is suitable for ladies, as it is very easy to get in and out of it. The "Silver King" is another beau- tifully-designed sulky, for which this firm meets a very large demand, as the price is reasonable. The "Times cart" is an ideal pony cart for the country. There were also on view 15 different designs of sulkies, consisting of Bent HeeL Commonwealth, and Prince George sulkies, which all helped to make a very attractive display. On coming to the four-wheel class the visitor was struck by the excellence of a modern designed four-wheel dog-cart, mounted low down on elliptic springs and English-de- signed fore-carriage, elaborately finished in blue Russian leather, and painted royal blue, lined with French carmine. Mr. Richards has also designed a new style of lock-under waggonette to meet the. demand for pony use, and the specimen shown was greatly admired on account of its lightness, and also for the attention given to the comfort of the occupants. The hood is de- tachable, thus making an open vehicle for fine weather. The finish, is up to the firm's standard of excellence. An upstand- ing rustic concord buggy was a specially good exhibit in its class, as it is an ideal sporting buggy. Three express buggies were on view in various designs, and found a ready sale, as they are adapted for
town or country. The ladies were attract-, ed by two little gems of phaetonettes, which were generally admired. A peculiar innovation was an Excelsior convertible buggy, which can be transformed from a single seat into an open express buggy or vis-a-vis. Two beautifully got up con- vertible Franklin buggies were well worthy of an inspection, on account of the simpli- city of their adjustments. The visitor was also charmed with the display of single seated buggies, one of which was built to
the order of a gentleman on the west coast. and will be shipped at the conclusion of the show. They are all fitted with lever hoods, and are very service-
able buggies. Two sidebar buggies, one painted and the other in the natural wood, showed that great care has
been taken to produce a light vehicle.
The springs are fitted in such a manner that comfortable riding is assured. Two highly-finished rosa buggies show a not able improvement in the moveable back seat. A beautifully got up convertible
Angas buggy, painted royal green, pre- sented a very neat and tasteful appear- ance. The country visitors were specially interested in a strong and serviceable ex- press waggonette, which can, by a very ingenious device, be converted into an open express. A very neat and stylish pony dray completed an exhibit which would do credit to an exhibition in any part of the world. Mr. Richards, sen., states that the whole construction of his exhibit has been carried out by day labor at both of his factories, are under his own and his son's personal supervision. Mr. Richards is thus able to give two years' guarantee with any of his buggies, whether built to order or taken from stock. The staff in both factories have been kept working overtime for a long period, which speaks volumes in the present depression. Every- one who takes an interest in local indus- tries should inspect Mr. Richards' exhibit, which not only reflects credit on the firm, but also the State.
ADELAIDE CHEMICAL WORKS.
The Adelaide Chemical and Fertiliser Company had an extensive and prominent exhibit. Its trade mark, the well-known "Sickle Brand," is yearly gaining such popu- larity that farmers make a rendezvous of this part of the show to see the latest thing in artificial manuring, and evidently they can safely leave their requirements in ,the hands of this company, who has proved for years past its capability to advise in the best interests of the present, as well as future, crops. The town offices are situat- ed in Royal Chambers, Currie-streeb, and farmers are invited to call there during show week. The firm is an example of the support given to local industry by the farmers of South Australia. Twenty-two years aga the establishment started in a small way on the banks of the River Tor- rens at Thebarton, with one horse, and began to make a reputation for the quality of its manufactures. To-day the works occupy 200,000 and 222,900 square feet at Thebarton and Port Adelaide respectively; the staff numbers considerably over 100, and there is an output capacity of 30,000 tons per annum. The company is an ex- ponent of the system of rotation of ma- nuring as well as of crops. The proper way to build up the land is not to use al- ways one manure, which will give good re- sults at first, but to employ special com- plete manures, which will leave a good re- serve in the soil. Thus it ia that such manures as guano super., special wheat and hay manure, bone super., and barley ma- nure find favor among the more scientific, thoughtful, and practical fanners. The barley manure is rapidly meeting wth success among the growers of malting barley, who have in the past found that a very heavy growth of stuff is not the proof of a good malting sample, as frequently a crop of much less pretentious appearance will yield a sample of much greater commercial value. A new customer in buying from the com- pany and comparing, analysis and prices often thinks that on paper other prices are better, but when making a practical test everyone is quite satisfied he has got good value. The secret is that a number of the "Sickle Brand" specialities contain, in addition to so much specified phosphate or nitrogen, as the case may be, a large amount of organic matter. Experiments, not ,onJy in Australia but throughout the world, have proved that the more organic matter contained in any manure the more will be its value in proportion. A very extensive series of experiments carried out by the West Scotland Agricultural Society on turnip crops proved this conclusively. When artificial manuring was first tried mineral super, was mostly used, and very good crops were obtained. But after seve- ral years, during which crop after crop were taken off the land, the results began to depreciate. This caused the erroneous idea to spread that artificial manure ex- hausted the land, but this company can give instances where its manure.has been used for 20 years, and better returns than ever are now being obtained. A chat with Mr. R Burns Cuming (the manager) or any of the staff will amply repay anyone in- terested in scientific manuring.
MESSRS. GEORGE WILLS & CO.
Messrs. George Wills & Co. have a valu- able exhibition in the Northern Annexe. A special exhibit of this firm's was that of fencing. The Anchor Fence Company, for whom George Wills & Co. are agents, have a most interesting exhibit of fencing. Included with these were the patent gates. The patent clamp adopted in this Anchor fencing is very highly commented upon by all who see it. This is an economical form of fencing, and has come to stay. It is be- ing largely and continuously used by the New South Wales Government for railway and other purposes, and is being rapidly introduced in all the States. Recently the Adelaide Corporation entered into a con- tract for the fencing of some of their park lands with this fence, and a large order has* been given for some of this fence for the Pinnaroo railway fence. A thoroughly good fence at a low price is indispensable nowa- days, and George Wills & "Co. have sup- plied thi3 in introducing the" Anchor fence.
Messrs. William Bain & Co.'s Lochrin fencing was also to be seen. There is a great improvement made in the design of their fencing materials since last year, and for appearance and efficiency, combined, they cannot be surpassed. There is a spe- cial new design of dropper, which should come into great favor with the farming fraternity. Besides the ordinary iron and steel fence bars, which have been in the market for some time, there was a grooved section fence bar, which seems to be very much stronger than the ordinary straight bar, and almost equal to the angle or tree fence bar for strength, but, of course, very much cheaper. This will be well worth the inspection of those interested in fencing. Samples of various descriptions of wire are to be seen. A special tempered wire im- ported by this farm is much sought after.
A most ingenious tool observed at this exhibit is a patent plyer, being nine dif- ferent tools in one. It contains two wire cutters, two hammers, two naü-pullers, two staple-pullers, one single wire-splicer, one double wire-splicer, one light wrench, two pipe tongs, and one wire-stretcher. This tool must be_ inspected to be understood. Alongside this is to be observed a novel and greatly improved wire-twister. It is also interesting to observe an exhibition of wire-netting and wire-netting fasteners for the trade, in which the firm of George Wills & Co. have a high reputation.
We notice prominently exhibited the Missouri seed-drill and disc ploughs, which create considerable interest amongst far- mers. The seed-drill is claimed to be superior to any other on the market in consequence of the readiness with which it sows any damp or sticky fertiliser. The United Alkali Company's English super- phosphates are again to the front, and they are all that _ can be desired. An exami- nation is quite sufficient to convince any- one of their excellence. The fineness of grinding is unequalled, and the high favor with which this brand is regarded through- out the State has been very pronounced this season. Amongst the fertilisers were observed the concentrated superphosphates, containing 100 per 1cent. of available phos- phate of lime, giving as ranch as 92 to 95 per cent, water soluble. On the same stand will be seen bonedust, bone manures, Thomas' phosphates, and sulphate and muriate of potash.
Samples of binding and sewing twine, semper dulcis, the leading food preserva- tive; zyclyne, the celebrated new cleaning compound; sling surface, for belts-a very important article for all users of belts on machinery-were on exhibition.
Calf-Feeders.-Farmers will be specially interested in observing the calf and lamb feeders. Everyone interested in the rear- ing of sheep and cattle 'should inspect these manufactures, which were introduced at the last September show, when satisfac- tory sales resulted. "Visitors to the show will be interested in the exhibition of the "Capito" mouse and rat traps, and should secure one of these ingenious articles if troubled with mice and rats. ,
MESSRS. HARROLD, COLTON, & CO.
Messrs. Harrold, Colton, & Co. had on view a complete exhibit of "Crown" separa- tors for hand-power, ranging from 9 to 45 gallons per hour. The sale of these ma- chines keeps good, showing that hand-power separators still find favor with the farmers and dairymen. The bowl spindle of thia machine is driven by an ingenious clutch ar- rangement, which is simplicity itself, and well worth inspection. 1 he effect is that the bowl spindle is free to overrun the driv- ing gear, an important consideration in the event of any accident, such as the atten- dant getting her apron, or children getting their hair or fingers in the gear wheel*. This makes tile machine absolutely safe.
The bowl spindle revolves on steel bills, and the bearing underneath the bowl is fitted into its place with a coil spring so as to ¡rive considerable elasticity. This is a use tul feature, and lessens the wear and tear, while making the machine very light and easy to run. The points claimed for the machine are clean skimming, (as it has beaten all competitors), simplicity, and durability. The small number of working i parts in the bowl gives it an advantage,
there being only two in the K system.
Dr. Hegelund, the Danish veterinary sur- geon and butter specialist, in his treatise, recommends metal churns as being prefer- able to the wooden ones, the advantage be- ing that-they are much easier to clean. The "Crown" churns shown by the same firm have this advantage, as being entirely of metal, and having a centrifugal motion they run more easily than the beater churn. In the "Crown" the bowl revolves, the cream being dashed against a fixed beater, and the sizes shown hold from 9 to 100 lb. of cream.
The "Crown" milk purifier shown meets the present demand for a simple and easily operated straining and filtering apparatus, which is used while the milking is going on, and ig recommended by the highest autho-
rities. There are four sizes of the above purifier, suitable for from 1 to 60 cows, lhere is no lost time, and each purifier 's supplied with 150 filters made of chemically refined wool. The attention of all engaged in dairying is specially drawn to the above appliances.
'Iron Age Farm* and Garden Implements. -The simplicity of the "Iron Age" com- bined implements in all their forms makes their use practical, even with the busiest persons, and the completeness of the tool and the universal satisfaction givCD place them first among all garden and farm im- plements.
"Champion" Steel Blowers and Forges. The "Champion" No. 400 blower, with its direct drive, high speed spiral movement, is among the best of its kind. The gear consists of four parts only, with adjustable ball bearings. It is a durable piece of me- chanism, and will last a lifetime. It re- quires less room than a bellows,, and gives a continuous and positive blast. The forges shown have the same class of blower, and give the greatest satisfaction. The "Cham- pion" power blowers are adapted for work requiring a large volume of air at a mode- rate pressure, and are specially recommend- ed for blowing forge fires, puddling, and heating furnaces, &c. The journal beat- ings are thoroughly babited and carefully reamed to size. The hammered cast steel shafts with their long and heavy bearings are finished so as to run with absolute pre¿ cisión. They are the most up-to-date of power blowers.
MESSRS. THYER, WTLLCOX & CO.
Messrs. Thyer, Willcox & Co.'s had an exhibit of factory and dairy appliances and requisites, which, as usual, figured in the most prominent position in the main hall. This magnificent display reflected great creldit on this enterprising firm, and com- manded the attention of every person visit- ing the show, and more especially those in- terested in dairying. The most important line shown by Messrs. Thyer, Willcox, and Co. was the famous "Tubular' cream sepa- rators, for which they are sole agents. The "Tubular" has proved to be the simplest and best machine on the market, and Messrs. Thyer, Willcox, & Co. offer a chal- lenge to any other machine to a practical contest, as they claim that the "Tubular" will beat its opponents in every respect. The most important feature in its favor is the simplicity of the bowl, which can be washed and ready for work again in less than half a minute, there being only one piece to do the work, where in other separators from 5 to 60 pattypans are required. Dur- ing 1904 nearly 200 "Tubulars" were sold in South Australia by Messrs. Thyer, Will- cox, & Co., and the oruy prize given in South Australia for cream separators last year was awarded to the "Tubular." Messrs. Thyer. Willcox, & Co. were- also exhibiting Chr. Hansens' Danish dairy pre- parations, including cheese and butter_color- ings, cheese rennet, with rennet and junket tablets. These preparations are used all over the woMd, and are to be found in most of the .leading cheese and butter fac- tories of this State. "Lactofarina" calf food was also nicely arranged in this ex- hibit. "Lactofarina" is used very largely in South Australia, and nearly 40,000 calves
were reared on 'this food last season. Messrs. Thyer, Willcox, & Co. had also a fine assortment of dairy and factory appli- ances on view, including butter printers, butter workers, concussion anil dash churns, cream cans, milkpans and pails, but- ter paper, export butter boxes, calf-feed- ers, &c, all of which completed an .excel- lent display, which attracted the attention of most of the visitors at the show, and was well worthy the inspection of every- one. /. t -
MESSRS. A. W. SANDFORD & CO. ."
Messrs. A. W. Sandford & Company this year display a comprehensive collection of dairy machinery and appliances, including the "Alfa-Laval" Cream Separator, of W04 model, which has lately secured first prize at the St. Louis Exhibition, America, thus bringing the first awards won by this sepa- rator to over 750, a record that is far ahead of any other machine of its kind. As an instance of the durability of these separa- tors old type Alfas that have been at work for several years can be converted to up-to-date patterns, and given an entirely new life, and this has been done to _ the Alfa separator at the Roseworthy Agricul- tural College, which is now of the latest model in every particular. - In future it will be belt-driven, instead of worked by handpower, and with the increased capacity will, no doubt, be another standing adver- tisement, such as all other Alfa-Laval sepa- rators are for their manufacturers. Sand- ford & Company are also employed in fit- ting out the new Government model dairy at Roseworthy with their '"Alfa" refriger- ator, such as was seen working at last Sep- tember show, and which is being adopted in all the latest freezing works erected in this
State. Not only will the machine produce
sufficient cold to work on two insulated rooms and an ice-water tank for use in the churning room, but provision is being made for the manufacture of ice to be used in the college household. This will undoubtedly prove a great boon during the summer months. Certainly no effort is being spar- ed by the Government to equip this n'ew building with machinery that is every- where recognised to be the best of its kind procurable. Churns, butterMvorkers, but- ter-printers, and all the appliances -con- structed from specially seasoned wood necessary for'dairies and factories, are pre-
Outside the machinery hall is a pictur- esque garden house roofed with Ruberoid roofing, for which Messrs. Sandford and Company are the sole agents. Ruberoid is manufactured in the United States by the Standard Paint Company, who also produce large quantities of Ruberoid paint, exten- sively employed for lining beer and wine vats, as well as cement or brick tanks. Inese paints, which impart no taste what- ever to the intrredients of the vat or tank, produce a highly-glazed surface, and do not
require recoating for many years. TI sub-agents throughout the country rcpo that sales of Ruberoid and the other pr oucts are increasing each month.
The exhibit further includes milk an cream testers for hand or power, and ti many smaller articles of necessity for dViii and factory use, in which Messrs. Sandfoi and Co. are specialists. They are the so representatives in South Australia of ti Creamery Package Manufacturing Compar of Cliicago, makers of all dairy appliance and then? corner of the machinery hal always comprises an attractive display, fe Messrs. Sandford & Company do their be; to keep a premier position as suppliers t dairy and creamery requisites.
MESSRS. F. H. FAULDING & CO. , Messrs. F. H. Faulding & Co., the whoL sale druggists and manufacturing chemist who have been' established in South Au tralia for just 60 years, have been so su< cessful with their exhibits at so man shows and exhibitions that they hardl need encouragement to put forth fresh e forts. If such stimulus is required, hon ever, it is to be found _ in the cable new which the firm have just received frot Cape Town. They have a fine collectio of their leading proprietary lines at th South African Exhibition (as has airead been mentioned by the Cape Town corre: pondent of The Advertiser), and have r< ceived a gold medal for their Emu bran eucalyptus oil and milk emulsion. At th Adelaide show this year their fine stan was located as usual in the main hall, i the north-east corner. Milk emulsion an
solyptol soap, two preparations withywine all Australia is now familiar, occupied, c course, prominent positions in the exhibil Then followed Fauldmg's eucalyptus oi culinary essences (of which the chief i their pure essence of lemon), fluid magni sia, jucex (a true fruit-juice cordial), aphi¡ cide, malteriol, Dollman's farmer's friend and other manufactures. It may be pointe out in connection with the three last mer tioned lines, that aphiscide is a garden H sect-pest destroyer, of which South Aus tralian nurserymen and the director of ou Botanic Gardens have spoken very highly that Dollman's farmers' friend is an ol and favorite remedy for smut in wheat, th seed wheat being pickled just before sot; ing; and that malteriol is an entirely ne\ preparation, which has just been intrc duced by Messrs. F. H. Faulding & Ce Malteriol is an improved combination ç extract of malt with the finest cod-liver oil It is a highly nutritious food, and althoug1 containing one-quarter of its weight of où is most easily taken and assimilated, am at the same time is most palatable.
H. L. VOSZ.
H." L. Yosz, glass and wallpaper ma chants, c1 and color men. and staine glass artists, with then- special exhibits, o< cupied a space in the south-eastern come of the main hall, and displayed in an at tractive manner a number of mirrors ii plain, bevelled, and brilliant cub work These are manufactured at the firm' mirror and bevelling works, wher also glass drilling, bending, and sandblast ing (embossing) are extensively carried on After a careful inspection of the goods i will be easily understood why the firn claim that in the manufacture of thesi goods they hold their own with any othe: establishment in the State. Ther were several stands showing a fei of the many choice and specia designs of known and highly artis tie wallpapers. The excellence of thes< papers is explained by the fact that afte over 50 years' connection with the leadini manufacturers of the world the choices' and' most up-to-date novelties in wallpaper are always at the firm's disposal. The ar tistic" leadlight panels on view gave but ¡
| moderate idea of the extensiveness of thi
firm's proficiency in this class of work. Suit able designs for domestic and church memo rial window purposes are always at the dis posai of the public.
MESSRS. BERRY, HODGSON, & CO.
Messrs. Berry, Hodgson, & Co., timbei merchants, of James-place, Adelaide, ant Port Adelaide, exhibited in the main ha! a good display of building lines and joinery including windows, doors, &c There wer« turned verandah posts, which are greatly ii requisition owing to the attractive shapei in which they can be supplied. Th( enamelled wood mantels, in various prettj designs, should also attract the attention oi would-be purchasers. Useful household requisites, in the shape of stands for ironing ladies' blouse sleeves, skirt boards, rolling pins, were on view, and were much appre- ciated by the fair sex.
The shipping fraternity were able to find in the exhibit samples of deadeyes, bull's eyes, belaying-pins, marling-spikes, turnet mast trucks, &c.
The coachbuilding and wheelwright trade was especiaDy catered for in the displav bj felloes, boxwood naves, dressed ironbark spokes, and also all kinds of bentwood rims, win"' boards, bracket fronts, toprails, &c.
Altogether the firm are deserving o; credit for the way in which they endeavoi to cater for the various trades doing busi nes3 in timber lines. They supply all kinds o: timber for gates, troughs, ladders, fruit trays, and so on.
MR. ALWIN FISCHER.
A very effective exhibit was that shown by Mr. Alwin Fischer, which contained samples of his heating specialities. ,. The well-known bath-heaters for wood arid gas formed the mam feature of the display. These heaters are all fitted with patent heating plates, which increase their capa- city very much. It is claimed by the maker that even the smallest heater shown
has 10 per cent, more heating surface than any other made in Australia, and the large sizes 100 per cent. more. Judging by the class of goods shown Mr. Fischer evi- dently intends to keep up to date with his
MESSRS. CORNISH & CO.
Messrs. Cornish & Co., the celebrated piano and oigan builders of America, had a splendid exhibit in the main halL The pianos have special features in the combi- nation wrest plank, and will never go tinny. They have all four pedals, which is a patented device. This is a great ad- vantage, the harp pedal and practice claiver being a wonderful addition, which can- not be procured in the ordinary piano. The double music desk and revolving board are also special features and of great utility. The organs are very fine speci- mens in regard to design, while the tone is sweet and rich. The "Cornish" is now a household word in Australia, and these splendid instruments are finding their way into nearly every home. The firm recently took the London gold medal against the world for both pianos and organs. The Cornish factory is one of the largest in the world, and every purchaser receives a bond guarantee for 25 years. There are two special church graans of new design, which have already hadmany admirers.
MR- MALCOLM REID.
Visitors to the show and intending pur- chasers of furniture, ¿te., should avail themselves of the opportunity of inspecting Mr. Malcolm Reid's commodious furnishing establishment, Franklin-street, near the General _ Post-Office. _ The capacious em- porium is stocked with an assortment of goods which for variety and quality are not surpassed throughout the State, and the prices are also all that could be .de- sired. Besides the enormous stock of draw- ing and -dining-room suites, sideboards, duchess pairs, wardrobes, chests of draw- ers, &c, Mr. Reid has just unpacked a large shipment of bedsteads, both nickel and brass-mounted, which are offered at prices likely to command ready sale. He has also added to his business the manufac- ture of all descriptions of wicker and rattan furniture, while there are beautiful designs in perambulators and _ go-carts, which he can supply at an especially reasonable rate. Mr. Reid has made a special endeavor to cater for country customers during show week, and he pays regard to the packing, so as to ensure customers receiving goods ni perfect order.
MESSRS. W. EL BURFORD & SONS
Messrs. W. H. Burford & Sons carried off first honors for a very tasteful exhibit of house requisites in the main hall, consisting of au kinds of soaps, starches, oils, &c. The exhibit was very nicely arranged in circular form, and the colored and illus- trated labels on the packages and bottles, which were engraved and printed by the firm, added considerably to its attractive- ness. Messrs. Burford & Sons claim that their No. 1 starch is one of the finest made, and it certainly looks good enough to captivate the attention of any housewife or laundry-maid. Then there was a variety of colored starches-heliotrope, pink, cream, green, and ecru. The soaps natu- rally presented an attractive appearance, and they were in infinite variety, from the common household bar soap to the ex- quisitely-perfumed toilet kinds, which in- clude brown windsor, borax, white blossom, shaving, damask rose, eucalyptus, oatmeal, carbolic, and children's "S.S." Soft soaps and extract of soap, the latter in neat packets, were also to be found there. There were some pretty stands of candles; also a variety of articles for household use, such as blacking, circular blacklead, anti-iriction grease, blue, tallow, linen enamel, and soda. There was an excellent collection of oils, consisting of glycerine, "Hub," sewing machine, leather, bicycle lamp, engine, [raby, drik« »ad cjüaáer-íiibv all displayed
in labelled bottles. This exhibit was greatly admired by those who had the privilege of entry on judging day
MESSRS. A. SIMPSON & SON.
The large and varied exhibit of the manu- factures of Messrs. A. Simpson & Sons was no longer in its former position near the centre of the main building, but occupied a larger space against the eastern wall. The exhibit of bedsteads was very fine, and in- cluded several new patterns. There were also with these some notable conveniences in the swing chairs, which can be used either as comfortable seats or pleasant lounging sofas. There was a good assort- ment ot ovens and ranges, the former in- cluding amongst other patterns the well known Simpson original patent, of which something like 20,000 have been sold in the Commonwealth, and the Giffhorn patent, the most economical in fuel of the one tire type. A new idea in ranges is the steel 1905 pattern of economic ranges. These are a modification of the wonderful Econo- mic range, whose name Messrs. A. Simp- son & Son have made a household word throughout Australia, and they, are among the neatest Australian made ranges yet
Two of the firm's safes were shown with armored locks and improved steam emit- ting tubes attached. These tubes contain a chemical compound that gives out steam when heated in a fire, and prevents the books from charring. The armoring round the locks is very strong, and burglars using felignite recently at Messrs. D. & J.
'owler's warehouse at Port Adelaide found that rock tearing explosive was utterly use- less in opening the safe there. Indeed, it is claimed that if the gelignite were tp be successful, enough would have to be used to blow the safe to pieces, and blow «he burglars to the only place where the fire resisting qualities of Simpson's safes could not be adequately depended on. In this last connection those who' have suffered from the present terrestrial heat might do well to invest in the excellent and inex- pensive ice chests which this enterprising firm also shows. These are made on a principle that enables the ice to keep from melting longer than in most ice chests.
The enamelled holloware, which is free from the poisonous lead coloring that causes so much of the imported ware to be dangerous to users, makes a-fine show. With this is also some fine copper and brassware, and the crocodile pattern jugs are an interesting novelty. The wall at the back of the exhibit was occupied by a glittering array of enamel signs of all kinds, including street names and house number plates. It is significant that these number plates, which are much brighter and more easily read than the old patterns, are used in the principal towns m every State in the Commonwealth except South Australia, where house numbering has not been properly carried out for years, de- spite the complaints of strangers and the grumblings of residents.
MESSRS. A. W. DOBBIE & CO.
In Messrs. A. W. Dobbie & Co.'s varied exhibit especial attention was drawn to the Estey organs, for which they are sole agents. Among the exhibits was " a large,organ of great power, yet very easy to play. The larger volume of sound is produced by the use* of special scale philharmonic reeds. These have wide tongues, or vibrators, mounteu on extra wiae and heavy brass plate£. The case is much larger than usual to receive the special size reed-board and bellows- The general effect of these heavy toned reeds is phenomenal. The finn de- clare that all workmanship and materials m every "Estey" is the very best, that the Estey is the foremost reed organ m the world, and that the Estey organs made and sold during the last 50 years exceed 360,000. The'Estey is made for the home, church, and public institutions.
Another attraction was the exhibit of the "Brinsmead," "Neumeyer," "Empire," and other pianos, for which this old-established house are agents. The "Brinsmead" espe- cially being amongst the foremost m the musical world, the King and Queen and al- most every Royal family in Europe have them in use. They withstand all climates and hard wear, and have therefore been se- lected by the P. & O. and Orient steamship companies and the other principal passenger lines for use on their vessels. Messrs. Dobbie offer the ábovementioned instru- ments as the cheapest and best obtainable. The well-known New Home Sewing ¿la chine was shown doing work from the very finest muslins to the heaviest cloth. It sews the lightest and heaviest work equally well. The New nome Company's new rotary machine has just been put on the market, and a sample is shown. This contains all the best features of other rotary machines with many special ones peculiar to itself, and is said to be one of the foremost family machines made-silent and very speedy, it is the very highest form of sewing machine
In the concert hall Messrs. Dobbie showed a sample case of electroplating, lacquered and bronzed work of all kinds, and the qua- lity of this work commanded attention.
On the terrace this firm showed their make of spray pumpa, of which the "Little Giant," "Excelsior" (in 24-gallon tank), and the "Excelsior Special" (in 50 or 80 gallon vats), have attained to «treat popularity.
Mr. R Correll, the well-known music sel- ler and importer, of Flinders-street, Ade- laide, had a magnificent display of violins, flutes, piccolos, mandolines, and brass band instruments on view. For many years Mr. Correll has' held a leading position as a maker, repairer, and importer of violins, and by importing direct from the manufac- turers for cash, and selecting always the best value for tue money, he baa been able to give customers the benefit of obtaining the best value also. Moreover, every violin before being delivered receive very careful adjustment of the sounding post, bridge, strings, »fee.,'so that the very best results are obtained from a violin, no matter how well it may be made, unless carefully and scientifically adjusted, will not give the de- sired tone. Concert flutes and school drum and fife instruments are also made a leading line with this firm, and these instruments are so well-known among the numerous school bands as hardly to need further men- tion. Mandolines, banjos, and guitars were also present in great variety, and at tempt- ing prices, but the grandest display of all was the splendid collection of brass band instruments. Boosey's brass band instru- ments, so famous all the world over for their unequalled tone and durability, were on view in great variety, from the dainty little soprano cornet to the monster BB bass. Nothing could exceed the beautiful finish of the silver-plated and engraved instru- ments of this finn. They are in every sense of the word works of art, and serve to show that the British workman is not to be beaten-. These instruments so exquisitivelv finished in appearance are noted for their durability. There are instruments of Boo- sey's manufacturei that are being played m Adelaide to-day, and which after nearly £0 years of constant use show very little signs of wear. When it is realised that fully two thirds of the British regimental bands are fitted out with Boosey's instruments, full proof is given of the high estimation in which they are held. Besides, for very many years Boosey^ instruments have won nearly all the principal contests in England, and at the recent Ballarat contest bands, using principally Boosey's instruments, gain- ed first, second, and third places in the contest, besides winning a number of solos, quartets, &c. At the two contests held re- cently at Wallaroo nearly the whole of the prizes were, won by bands and soloists using Boosey's instruments. The prices are bo very reasonable that the instruments are
well within the reach of most players, while the articles are undoubtedly the best value obtainable for the money. Visitors to the show desirous of purchasing any description of musical instrument would do well to in- spect this splendid exhibit, and to call in and see the splendid display at the ware- house, Flinders-street, at the cornerofHyde
SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INDUSTRIES
In this section the entries were incom- plete, and in consequence the judging waa not finished on Wednesday. In the house requisites and the bees and honey divisions some good displays are made. Mr. «J. T. Drage, of East Adelaide, was the chief prize-taker for bee-keeping appliances, comb honey in sections, colony of bees in observa ting wax, aud beehive, his col- lection being a most interesting one to apairists. Mr. J. McDonald also gained awards, and showed queen bee and pro- geny, extracted honey, honev in comb, and other attractive exhibite. The bee-keepin" industry is fully and practically exempli fled at tile exhibition, and the space de- voted to that purpose will not be the lea^st interesting ia the main hall. There was only one entry each in the leather and fur- niture divisions, but it is expected that there will be a good show of non-competi- tive exhibits in this section, in which spe- cial classes for the blind are provided for.
BIRDS' EGGS AND HEADS.
Tlie Royal Agricultural Society en- courages the destruction of sparrows and starlings by offering a number of prizes for the largest collections of eggs and heads of thete birds. For eggs, collected in South Australia, there weie seven prizes, and for heads six. There were 13 compe-
titors for the prizes for eggs, and the aggr£
gate number of eggs was over 21,300. The six entries in the heads' class showed that 2,545 sparrows and starlings had been kil' ed. The society experience a little trouble in securing judges who are willing to count such a large number of eggs and heads, es- pecially as the latter are in all stages 'of decomposition. This year the judges were Messrs. T. H. Davey and A. Shannon, who kept manfully, to their task until ¡t was finished.
Dairy Produce.-Judges-Messrs, H. E. A. Prat- ten and S. Pritchard. Butter, fresh, 50 Ib., Onka- paringa O. and B. Co.; Blakiston C, B.. and P. Co.; Gumeracha Co-op. Co. Butter, potted or otherwise preserved, 1 cwt., suitable for export. Onkaparinga C. and B. Co.; Gumeracha Co-op. Co. Butter, potted or otherwise preserved, 56 lb., made on a farm from milk produced there, D. Kirk. Butter, frc3h, made on a farm from mili produced there, 7 lb., in plain rolls, D. Kirk; H. U. Butterfield. Cheese, 5 cwt., any sizes. Blakis- ton C. B. and P. Co. ; Onkaparinga C and B. Fac-
Eggs and Heads.-Judges-Messrs. W. Shannon and T. U. Davey. Sparrow and starling eggs, A. Rawling, 4,550; W. J Everard, 3,050; WT V. James, 2,375; C. G. Shuttleworth, 2,250; A. G. Tilley, 2,225; A. Harris, 2,075; L. B. Shuttleworth, 1,250; M. Shannon, ÖS7; W. F. Beads, 624; J. E. Redding, C25; D. Rawling, 525; E. Mueller, 500; W. J. Harris, 300. Sparrow and starling heads, T. Seutter, 74!); J. Mellor. 5S4; L. B. Shuttleworth, 500; D. Rawlings, 300; H. Vowhey, 250; S. Mellor,
Wool, &c.-Judges-Messrs. E. W. van Senden, Geo. Dowling, and W. Jeffery. Merino combing wool, for the best and most valuable three fleeces shorn from rams over 1J years, John Murray (l and 2), 73 lb. 13 oz. and 81 lb. 1 oz.; A. J. Murray 72 lb. 2 oz. Merino combing wool, for 'the best and most valuable three fleeces shorn from rams under li years, John Murray, 65 lb. 9 oz. ; T. Hope Murray, 64 lb. 14 oz.; A. J. Murray, 61 lb. 6 oz. Merino combing wool, for the best and most valu able three fleeces shorn from ewes over li years, John Murray, 55 lb. 1 oz.; T. Hope Murray, 52 lb. 13 oz.; A. J. Murray. 51 lb. 4 oz. Merino combing wool, for the best and most valuable three fleeces shorn from ewes under li years, John Murray, 46 lb. 0 oz.; T. Hope Mun ay, 48 lb. 3 oz.; Murray Dawson, 47 lb. 5 oz. Shropshire wool, three fleeces, shorn from ewes any age, R. Smith, 27 lb. 15 oz. Judges remarks-"Shropshire wool in this climate seems to be imorovinj;."
South Australian Industries and Manufactures. Judges, Messrs. Vi. Finlayson, F. J. Stevens, and G. Patful. Food, fresh or preserved, in trade packages-Malt food, Adelaide Malting and Brew- ing Company. Salt, collection of, table in glass jars, 28 lb-, dairy and pickling 1 cwt. each, Castle Salt Corporation. House requisites-goda, 56 Ib., W. H. Burford & Sons. Soap, 56 Ib., W. H. Bur- ford te Sons." Starch, 58 Ib., V7. H. Burford and Sons. Candles, 56 Ib., W. H. Burford S; Sons. Tal- low, 58 Ib., W. H. Burford te Sons. Stéarine,' 56 lb., Vi. II. Burford te Sons.
Furniture.-Judges, Messrs. A. W. Dobbie, and H. Davies. Washing machine, Osmond little Mar- vel Washing Machine Company.
Articles and Materials used in Baüöings.-Judges, Mtssrs. E. Davies and A. W. Dobbie. Ornamental cast-iron fence, one panel, F. Metters te Co. Gates, iron, collection, to include field, garden, single, and double, and hand, J. Pritchard. Verandah pillar blacket and frieze, F. Metters & Co. ; J. Robinson. Apparatus and procäss for lighting, R. B. Scarce. Oookinc; apparatus, F. Metters Se Co.
Leather and Manufactures therefrom.-Jadge, Mr. J. M. Reid. Boots o»d shoes, collection of, Geo.
Machinery, Ironwork, Ssc-Judges, Messrs. S. Strapps and F. H. Edwards. Skim plough shares, for moll erased land, J. Robinson; Triunrp Plow Company. Ordinary plough shares, reversible or otherwise, J. Robinson; H. J. Keipert is Co. Cast- ings, iron, unfettled, F. Metters. Castings, mal- leable iron, H. J. Keipert te Co. Castings, in any metal except iron, unfettled, F. Coumbe. Stamped forgings, J. Robinson. Verandah or garden seats, iron, wood, or combined, Norman te Co. Animal ci!, 2 gallons, in glass, Atkins te Co. Lubricating oil, 2 galions, W. H. Burfortt Se Sona. Axle grease, i cwt., in tins, W. H. Burford te Sons. Dynamo, E11Í3 Se Clark. Motor, Ellis te Clark. Storage, bat- tery, Ellis te Clark. Electric fan, Ellis & Clark.
Bees, Heney, and Appliances.-Judges, Messrs. A. E. Bonney, and J. H. 'Weidenhofer. Comb honey, in section boxes, J. Drage; IF. Colyer. Best extracted boney, R_ McDonald; J. Drage. Ex- tracted honey, R. McDonald; W. Colyer. War, 23 lb., 3. Drage; R.. McDonald. Beehive, com- plete, with super arrangements for honey storage, J. Drage (1 and 2). Colony of bees, J. Drage. Queen bee, accompanied by her own progeny, R. McDonald; VF. Colyer. Collection of beekeeper'fl appliances, J. Drage.