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PARLIAMENTARY YISIT TO
A STRIKING* OBJECT LESSON.
(By our Special Reporter.)
Half the members of the Ministry, ha the>;members,'of the". House of-Assemblj and three representatives of the Legislativ Council spent Friday in the middle of whq hasVJong been erroneously called th Ninety-Mile Desert. Railway travellers w,h have scoffed at South Australia because < the stunted scrub and the sandy and ur inviting appearance of that p<irt of th State, would have gazed in wonder at th scene that the neighborhood of the railwàj siding at Tintinara presented. The legisla tors had been invited to Tintinara by th directors of the Triumph Plow Compfjnj who have taken up 60,000 acres of the ¿ui rounding country, and have determined' ti turn it into, farming land by clearing it, ii a wholesale' manner by the only mean that is practicable and profitable. Tha such a large party should accept the invi tation was not only a compliment to th company, but an evidence of the intere* taken by legislators in the problem of find ing land for farmers. Those who lef Adelaide by the Melbourne express 01 Thursday were the Premier (Hon. T Price), the Treasurer (Hon. A, H. Peake) the Chairman of Committees (Mr.» E. H Coombe), the leader of the Labor Parti (Mr. W. O. Archibald), the Hons. J. G Bice. J. Lewis, A. von Doussa, and A. Catt and Messrs. W. J. Blacker, H. Chesson, F W. Coneybeer, W. Gilbert. A. H. Inkier W. Jamieson, I. MacGillivray, A. McDon aid, S. J. Mitchell. F. W. Paech, G. Ritchie J. Z. Sellar, T. H. Smeaton, C. Tucker, C Vaughan, and J. Verran. Other memben of the iparty were the ex- Agent-Gen era (Mr. H. A. Grainger), Mr. R. J. Gullj (managing director of the Triumph Piow Company). Mr. H. Koeppen-Wendt (direc tor), and Mr. W. Bartle (works manager) An harmonium, imported into the district for the occasion, helped to make an open air concert on Thursday evening a success and then the night was spent in the twe sleeping cars which had been detached from the Melbourne train. Before break fast on Friday some splendid country to th< south of the railway line was inspected, ant after the effect of the early drive on tin visitors' appetites had been removed, seriou: attention was given to the clearing opera lions to the north of the line.
The company which has embarked on th< venture of reclaiming 90 square mOes o: South Australia for the plough has a per petual lease of that area, which extends foi nearly l8 miles along the railway on th< southern side, and eight miles on the nor thern side, while the average width of th< selection on each side of the line is aboul four miles. The rental is jd. per acre, se that the State receives £62 10/ per annum apart from land'tax for land, which was hitherto valueless to the State exchequer Tho country is malle» and gum, the formei slightly preponderating, and the, soil is, foi the most part, a good loamy sand on lime stone. The rainfall is 20 in. approximately and for the last ten years, it-is said, the fall has .been spread over every month in the year, with the exception of three months in that time. This year there has been 1Ï in. of rain since February. Water can be got anywhere at less than 20 ft. depth, and a plentiful supply of artesian water is to be had at 280 ft. One of the advantages o1 the Tintinara country is that ib is only T3Í. miles from Adelaide, and has a good raüwaj service. All who saw the country were much impressed with its possibilities foi wheatgrowing with the aid of fertilisers, and some thought it would do well for fruit,
The method of muJlenising at Tintinara has attracted as much attention to the place as its promising agricultural possibilities, and the demonstration that was made or Friday was truly inspiring. To sav that two engines with a wire rope, attached to them, and trailing the ground, can sweep 2C acres of land clear of all growing timber, in- cluding gums, up to 3 ft. in diameter, in a «lay, or do the work of 120 men, does not convey an adequate idea of the magnitude oi the operations. One needs to be on the spot to hear the snorting of the engines, to see the wire rope straining as the two Titanic monsters to which it is attached advance, to witness the activity and the enthusiasm of the -workers, who when there is time place the rope as high as possible on the trunks of the larger trees, and to hear the crash of the trees as they fall, and the snapping and cracking of branches, as the wire, hawser . tears its irresistible course through them. To follow the engines out
side the field of actiou is like being in t wake of a tornado more destructive tin any Australia has yet experienced. In t mallee and lighter gum country the ordi ary method of mullenising by rolling followed, with the exception that the pow employed is steam and not bullocks,
horses. Most of the visitors expeneno the pleasure of a ri?Í2 on the roller, ai some had some unpleasant bumps ov heavy timber. It is calculated that o; engine and toller can mullenise 30 acres, day. Already between 2,000 and 3,000 acr of gum country has been1 cleared, and ¡ experimental block of about five acres h been hastily cultivated to try the counti It would probably take a man a week i ten days to clear an acre by hand, at
i cost of about £2. On the scale on whii it is being done at presenc the cost is abo a tenth of that sum. Another exhibit« of the advantage of steam power was givi in connection with a trial of a nine-furro plough over rough country, and the imp! ment did its work satisfactorily. It is pr posed when the land is cleared to "ploui; by steam poiver on a large scale, v<md ne: year, when the land has been cleared ? the fallen'timber by burning, it is hop! that some 2,000 acres will be under ero A number of men previously unemploye are at present engaged in cutting the be of the fallen trees into iencing posts, whk it is hoped will be used in the Pinnare
From an educational point of view ti exhibition was a di-tinct success, and ti manner in which it was carried out r fleeted credit on Mr. Gully and on Mr. 1 E. Joy, who is in charge of the opcratior
The" Premier, after lunch on Frida; moved a vote of thanks to Mr. Gully an the company he reprc-entcd, including M: H. Koeppen Wcndt and Mr. W. Bartle, ic giving them the opportunity of coming t Tintinara and inspecting the country. A representatives of the people they thankc them for the national .work they were m dertaking, and he trusted they would obtai the reward they deserved. He hope that the work would turn out a grand sui cess, financially an|d otherwise. If it wei «l succès.« for the company it would be
success so far as the State was concernée They hoped to sec the principle Mr. Gullj was working out extended to a great poi tion of South Australia. (Cheers.)
Tlie Treasurer said he could endorse a that the Premier had said. They knew pei fectly well what could be done on the goo land* of South Australia, but in view of th difficulties that existed at present in gettin land to settle the people em, the work- "a Tintinara became an object-lesson of tu greatest importance in showing what coul he done on what had hitherto been >.< garded as inferior country. If the con g any helod to solve the land difficulty i ~onth Australia they would do a grea work, for which the whole community woul be thankful. The Government woul watch the operations at Tintinara with it forest, and the people throughout the Stat would do the same and would join heartil with the Government in wishing the corr
Mr. Gilbert said he had had a day o great enjoyment and profit. He hoped th Government would give members an op portunity later on of seeing the results o the work at present being carried' out. H believed in the undertaking, and he was don vinced that it was in the general interest.
Mr. von Doussa, on behalf of the Legis lative Council and the representatives of th district, thanked the company for the op portunity of visiting Tintinara, and said lu hoped their exertions would prove profit able and that the large estate they hell would realise all their expectations. Hi hoped the Government would exempt thi estate from their bursting up' policy (Laughter.) .The company deserved al the success they got. (Cheers.)
~Mr. Archibald said he cordially endorsee al] -the remarks of the previous speaker! with reference to the kindness of Mr. Gullj and those associated with him. So far a; South Australia was concerned, there wai room for strong action on the part of the Government and on the part of private en terpnse along the lines that the companj were taking. Mr. Gully's company haci shown pluck and enterprise, and he trustee their venture would be a financial -success It did not matter two straws who did this If people made money for themselves out of it they were doing good for the whole State-(cheers)-and if the Government did it they obtained the same results. He wished the company every success.
Mr. Catt -said that as one of the oldest residents in the "desert" .he was pleased to confess that some of his early ideas had been, knocked out of his mind. At one time he did not think much of the coun-
try, but he now saw that it had a future before it. He realised the hard work that was before Mr. Gully and his company,-and he recognised their phick and enterprise. It was not in mortals to command success, but the company certainly deserved, it.
Mr. Gully, in reply, said he could not help appreciating what had been said. He took the remarks of the various speakers as a great compliment to the company he re- presented. They, saw a big tfimg and they had the pluck to tackle it. The, land waa not first class; most people considered that it was no good. If they showed him a man who tackled a thing which people told him was no .good he respected that man at once. They had been on the coun- try for about three months, and he was pl'ea«»d that the people who were in- terested in the work were South Austra- lians. If Yankees had undertaken the work he would have shaken them by the hand, but when South Australians did. it he shook them by both hands. There were 150 to 200 square miles of similar country in the neighborhood, and the sooner it was tackled the bitter. The company had hardly had time to get on their feet, but next week they were going to buckle to, and fix up things m a satisfactory manner. In three or four months thev would have more engines and rollers. They were Wt doing this work for Tintinara, nor for Sonth Australia, but for Australia gene rallv. (Cheers.)
Mr. Wendt thanked the members for the kindly interest they had taken in the com- pany's operations, and said the directors were amply rewarded if the visitors were
At the instance of Mr. Gilbert three cheers were* given for Mr. Coneybeer for the successful manner in which he had made all the arrangements for the trip.