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GLACIAL RESEARCH.

A'c the Science Congi ess at Hob.irt on Fri- day last the report of the glacial research committee was brought np by the secre- tary. Professor David. U included notes» by Mr. W. H. Twelvetrees, F.G.S.. the Go- vernment Geologise of Tasmania, on evi- dences of glacial action recently discovered i__ him at Mount Darwin« and near 'the.

Noith Lyell railway line, together with a .-unun.iry of Profereor Hogg's late discovery of glacial beds, at Little Peppermint Bay, about 27 miles south of Hobart. The rc poit íiNo comprised a paper from Mr. Walter Iiowchin, "P.G.S., upon the immense mea of glacial beds lately discovered *by him in the Cambnan locks of the Mount Lofty and Flinders Ranges, South Austra- lia. The President characterised this dis- covery as about the most important that had over been made in the history of geolo- gical science in Australia. The report also included a note by Mr. A. Gibb Maitland,* F.G.S., the Government Geologist of West Australia, on his lecent discovery of a large area or glacial beds of permo-carbont ferous age in the Irwin River district 0? West Australia. The special feature of interest about; this discovery is 'chat the glacial beds 'extend. up to the tropics. The " report r 'co», eluded with the summary of the glacial'evi- dences obtained last year at Mount Kos- ciusko by Messrs. Helms, Pittman, and David, which showed that the glaciers^ there were at one time ' fully three miles In length, with ice 300 to 400 ft. thick, and that they extended from altitudes of over 7,000 ft. to about 5,800 ft. above sea level.

About 1'o'clock this morning'^Ir. T. G LewJB's carpenter's shop on the Port-road, Wolseley, was destroyed By fire. The build ing and ita contents/including a trap and spring-dray were burnt. The Hindmarsh Fire Brigade received a call at about 1 o'clock, and promptly turned out. The damage is estimated at £250. The Adelaadv "Fire Brigade was called from Stephens place and the railway-station, as it was at first thought that the fire was within thi

bounds of the city.

Recently, the, ^Government were ap- proached with a yievr .to having a stipen- diary magistrate in dady attendance atPort Adelaide. A reply was read at Thursday's meeting of the Port Adelaide City Council from the secretary to the Attorney-General, who stated that, by direction of the Attor- ney-General, he had to inform the corpora- tion "that the financial position of tlie State does not warrant the expense of kvep ing a stipendiary magistrate at Port Ade- laide alone." The letter -nas_ received. "

The secretary of the Queen's Home ac- knowledges the receipt of <£5 15/Ö from the Hammond Peace Demonstration Commit- tee, per Mrs. Rix.

The Registrar of the School of Mines requests us to state that the institution will reopen after the vacation on February

17. ,

t ' i

The report of, the committee on educa- tion of defective childi en, presented to, the Science Congress at Hobart, stated-"The committee appointed to consider the/need of the separate State education of defective chüdren in Australasia, begs to report that, after full consideration, it has brought uhe need of special training of such child- ren under the notice of the Minister of Education in Victoria. As a îesult of ihe representations made, a circular call- ing attention to the subject wqr sent by the Education Department to every head State schoolmaster m Victoria; and in a Bill re- cently introduced power is given'to the Minister to institute separate schools fpr this class of children. .The Psychological Society of Melbourne has taken a wann in tcrcst.in the question, and the "matter may safely be left with that society, so far as the State of Victoria is concerned. The com- mittee has sought, to some extent, to in- terest experts in mother States in this sub- ject, but is not in a position to report any

definite result."

1 The '"Sydney Morning Herald", of Janu- ary 14 states:-Mr. George Jeffrey, instruc- tor and lecturer of wool to the South Aus-

tralian School, of Mine3 and^ndustries, has been staying in Sydney 'for several days on an official visit to'the, various wool show- rooms-,' the council, of'the institáfcíomhaying arranged for Mr. Jeffrey to acquire all the information possible which will assisÇ him in carrying out his duties at the institution in Adelaide. The South Austi alian School of Mines and Industries is practically con- ducted on the same lines as the Technical College' at Ultimo. The president, Sir Langdon Bonython, takes much in- terest in the work of the students. The tuition on sheep and wool is under the sole control of Mr. George Jeffrey,'who at pre- sent has l8, students attending his lectures and course of instruction. ,,This;large num- ber is distributed in « towns ,and country. During shearing time a certain number are taken to different stations, and there re- ceive practical instruction. At intervals after shearing Mr. Jeffrey goes to different towns and deliveis lectures on sheep and wool, and where convenient forms classes for practical instruction. This method has already proved successful, the attendance of sheepowners of all, degrees and 'their son having been gratifying in almost every in-

stance. The Board of Examiners in Ade-

laide hold annual 'examinations pi the stu-

dents' work. These examinations are in- variably held on sheep stations, so as to keep in touch with the method3 of instruc- tion. Mr. Jeffrey has already been to Mel- bourne, and he goes to Jbrisbane from here. His opinion on wha'c.he has already seen is that the facilities for the display ot wool, and the general arrangements of the show- rooms, m both Melbourne and Sydney,-are Miperior to those in Adelaide. Mr. Jeffrey is,a native of Scotland, and from his'youth has been m the woollen mills of Scotland and the south of England. He hat, Had large experience m the carding and comb- ing of wool.

Mr. Horace G. Hutchinson's" classifica- tion of' the more-frequent dreams, in - his recently published volume on ''Dreams and Their Meanings," is fairly complete. He says there are seven common kinds (1) the falling dream-you are falling over a precipice or down the htairs; ((2) the flying dream-the dream that-you can fly; (3) the dream of more or less inadequate clothing-that you are not properly clothed; (4) the dream of not,being able

to get away from,some beast, or injurious , person or thing, that is pursuing .you; '-(5) the dream of being drawn irresistibly to some dangerous place,, such as a. ure; (6) the dream that some darling wish has been gratified; and (7) the dream of beingiabout to go a journey, and being unable to get your thing» into your trunks, &c. But, as he adds, "no doubt there are a great many

more."

Some dogs steal without receiving any lesson in such occupation, but recently the police discovered a dog that had been taught to steal-not.on his own behalf, but for the good of his dishonest owners. This dog's speciality was chicken stealing. The dog was seen to go across a lawn, enter a chicken run, pick up a bird in his jaws, and carry it to his owners, who put the bird in a sack. The spectators of "this little performance were &o surprieed that they forgot to give the alarm until the dog had been across ,th_- second time to the fowlhouse and had taken another chicken. It is believed that this dog once stole eighty pullets from one yard in one night. Tlie dog, which had been beauti- fully trained, did his work silently-but he is unlikely to have any more opportuni- ties of displaying his abilities.

.Miss Emma H. King, of New York, has just been inoculated with consumption germs, in order to test the theory of Profes- sor Koch's that bovine consumption can npt be transmitted to Human beings. Dr. Barney, who inoculated Mies King, is of opinion, says a London paper, that bovine consumption und human consumption are one and the same thing, and that a person who eat« tuberculous meat or drinks tu- berculous milk will contract the disease. MitS3 King is described as a young woman, active, handsome, healthy, nud cheerful. She has allowed herself to be inoculated purely in the interests of science. She has :i i^imfortablc income, and the oniy satis- faction she will derive norn the experiment will be the. knowledge that she has been the mearas o£ solving a difficult question, as to the-answer of which doctora arg not aureed.

There was but one way of showinsr the world that Professor Koch was wrong, bul every physician hesitated to assume the lesponsibility of making that test. It meant nothing less than"infectirig*a healthy per- son with the germs of cattle tuberculosis. Doctors, both abroad and at home, have of- ten been accused of. conducting dangerous experiments, but, ns a matter of fact, eueli tests are always made upon animals. Offi- cially, the profession does not invite anyone to risk his, or her, life for the sake ol science, und it is, moreover, difficult to find physicians willing to assume the grave responsibility of risking a human life te establish a theory, or brave enough to ac- cept the onus of blame and denunciation which would 'assuredly be theirs if death resulted from the experiment. »So, for more than three months, there has raged all over the world a war of words concerning the ac- curacy of Professor Koch's statement. He had said, in very plain words, that it was not necessary to take precautions against consumptive cows, their milk, or their meat. He said that no human being coidd take consumption from a cow, nnd that there was no particnlar^danger in drinking tuber- culous muk. He-added that human con' sumption and bovine consumption, were two entirely different diseases. Nothing but the personal responsibility would have prevent- ed the physicians of all lands from trying the necessary human experiment. Probably hundreds have thought of it, but it has re- mained for Dr. George D. Barney to dare to try the dangerous experiment. Dr. Barney is of opinion, of course, that Miss King will contract a bad eise of consump- tion, but he also believes that he can cure her if his expectations are fulfilled. Dr. Barney has made n life-long study of the disease, and, Miss« King Will be under his

care., - - ,.

In view of the recent disasrtcrs to Ihe torpedo-boat destroyers Viper and Cobra, some information regarding ?uch vessels should" prove of interest. A recently pub- lished return states that some of the build- ers experienced great difficulty in getting the contract speed, and of the 30-knot des- troyers six had co be finally accepted at 29 to 201 knots. The Otter underwent 22 pre -Jimuiary"' trials and eight official trials be- fore) she was accepted, while the Express, which was to steam 33 knots, had,' up to the time the return was issued, made 27 pre- liminary and 10 official trials without suc- cess. It would appear that on th'e average about ten trials have to be made with the»; vessels before they are finally accepted. Difficulty was also experienced wiih the earlier boats of, less than 30 knots speed. In.one instance the trials began on August r 23/1895, and the vessel was not accepted till May 14,1900, and in anotherthe trials com- menced- on March 13, 1896, and the vessel ?was accepted on January 30, 1901.' /

A Wellington merchant, who has " been much exercised about the ruinous prices ob- taining for crossbred wools,' has a novel yet not impracticable suggestion to make (says the "Now Zealand Times"). He pro- poses that Mr. R. J. Seddon should enter into communication with Mr. Chamberlain with a view to influencing the latter to "pre- vail upon his Majesty 'the King and his consort' to set the fashion of wearing the coarser tweeds. He points out that by this means a reversion to favor of crossbred wools would .take place, and immense relief * *be "afforded 'to a large section of patriotic

colonists to whom the-present dress vogue ».'.spelling ruin.

- A new rtheory of, longevity has made ' "its appearance. "A man has a , definite

number of waking hours . allotted to him," says the originator of the idea, "and the fewer he uses tip the longer will his life last, 'if, therefore", he is content to sleep for most,'of his days, there is no rea- son why he should not live for 200 years." He adduces the case of the negroes as an .illustration. The, chances are that the only , truth in this theory is the well-reoognised I fact that less than eight hours' sleep is not

sufficient for most mortals, and that those ?.who habitually take less shorten their ? lives by so doing.

That the permits now being issued to in- tending emigrants from Australia; to South Africa will carry the holders of them no further than the port of debarkation wae (remarks .the Melbourne "Age") the expe- rience of Mr. Donald Munro, of Malvern, who went out to the Cape last year. He was equipped with a passport and letters o'!" introduction from influential men in Australia to leading men in various- parts of South Africa, and the idea oz an insur- mountable, barrier to his presence in Johan- nesburg and Pretoria was scarcely dreamt of. But with all the influence which his in- troductions could command^ Mr. Munro was unable to get outside of Durban with- out enlisting for a period of six months. Then, of course, he had to go where he was sent, which was not exactly what he went to South Africa to do. By a piece of stra- tegy he managed, while still'a soldier, to enjoy, a fair amount of' liberty^ but' tlie field of his investigations was'so, réstricte J that he seized the first opportunity of re- turning- to Australia. A friend who en- listed with him as the only method of get- ting out,of Durban is still in the service, and the last mail brought a letter from him, in which he states that he still sees no opportunity of settling anywhere.in the country. Another of Mr. Munro's corres- pondents, who has been all over South Africa, writing early last month, said that matters were still in a very unsettled state, and his advice to his friend was not to think of returning to South Africa for a considerable period yet. Mr. Munro points out that the first persons who will be al- lowed to settle will ba those who were .compelled by the Boers to leave their homes at an. early stage in the war. Then many of those now lighting will elect to remain in the new coloniw, and considera- tion will be given to their claims before others are «allowed to spy out the land. But even this liberty will not be enjoyed until the war has ended, and he' would be a wise'man who could predict when that much to "S* desired consummation will be ; attained. In the opinion of Mr. Munro, only ?those who are affected with .some form of .insanity would dream of going to South Africa just now. Of course, there will be ieolated instances of men who will do remarkably well, but for the majority of those who are now rushing away there will'come before very long that bitter re- pentance which comes of leisured reflec- tion. '

The.last issue, of."Quiz," the well-known society, satirical, and sporting paperj con- tained the announcement that in future it would be issued each Saturday at Id. The first issue of "Quiz" in its new form will be published, on Saturday, January 25, and the same evening,a second issue of "the paper will appear, containing a supplement with full results of latest snort ings .- .-....- . ...

We are" informed that following the're- signation of the late secretary to the Cre- mation Society of South Australia, the executive committee, appointed Mr. A. Sidney Clark to that position, and also arranged that he should act as collector. Mr. R. Barr Smith having recently do- nated to-the society £1,000, the committee have ordered from England a suitable fur- nace of the newest and beet make, and are,arranging for an early commencement of fhc necessary buildings. The funds in hand will not," however, be sufficient to complete the work.

Military men are notified that entries, for section fours and wrestling on horse- back at the A.N.A. Sports close to-night. Cyclists and pedestrians are also informed that acceptances for the sports to be held'on the Jubilee Exhibition on.Mon- day, January 27, close to-morrow night.

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