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TUESDAY TOPICS Conducted By MARIAN

THIS WEEK is a red-letter one for the women of South Australia, as it marks the comple-   tion of their memorial to the pioneer women of the State. The Alice Springs aerial medical base is "on the air," and the "mantle of safety " has wound itself still further around the outposts of our Commonwealth.

For the members of the Country Women's Association it has a second special significance, as news of the granting of the licence for the first of its gift transceivers which are to oper ate through the base teas received from Melbourne yesterday. The subsequent installation will be thai of the transceiver given through the association by Lady Dugan in memory of her tnother.

MOXA DOWNS station, which is 200 miles north of Mar ree aud 18 miles from the nearest point on the Marree-Birdsville track, was the choice of Lady Dugan for the placement of her gift, which will bear the inscription, "The Florence Apple whaite-Abbott Transceiver." Although Lady Dugan did not announce her in tention of giving the money for .Its in stallation until just before her depar ture from South Australia, she told me at the time that it was no sudden im pulse, but the result of a decision made several months previously. Her mes sage at the time of the handing over of the seven gift transceivers from the C.W.A. to title Australian Aerial Medi cal Services was that she hoped the transceiver would in % some measure "help women in the outback to keep in touch with medical aid when re quired, and also to bring them into closer contact with their distant neigh bors." BQR is to be the call of the Mona Downs transceiver, which will bring medical security and world contact to four adults and eight children less than I*3 years of age—Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Oldfield and their three children, and Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Oldfield and their five children. The property, which the two brothers took over not long ago. is 90 >miles from the nearest transceiver at Mulka, and at present the only method of communication between the families.and the outside world —com- munication which Is cut off altogether when the Diamentina River is in flood

—is the fortnightly mail on the track 18 miles from the homestead. What a difference from the thrice daily con tact wireless contact which is to be! Applications for three more licences for gift transceivers to contact with the Alice Springs base are now being made by the AJLMJS. on the recommendation of the C.WA. Late Mrs. T. R. Bowman ALTHOUGH, because of ill health, the name of Mrs. T. R. Bowman, who died on Sunday has not been prominent in recent years in South Australian welfare circles, there are many women who will re- member the days when her clear think- ing and keen sense of justice were re- sponsible for many wise decisions by the National Council of Women. She was president of this influential and far reaching organisation for a longer time than any other woman. In 1922 she followed in the office Mrs. Buller Murphy, who was then Lady Moulden, and who had revived the council after a lapse of activities during war years. Mrs. Bowman remained in the position until 1929. Since then the presidents have been Mrs. J. L. Leal for five years, Mrs. T. Slaney Poole for one year (with Mrs. P. W. Rymill acting part of the time), and Miss Adelaide Miethke, who is still in office. Under Mrs. Bowman's guidance the council extended its acti- vities widely. Perhaps it was because Mrs. Bowman

had spent many years of her life in the country that in 1926 she strove, with indifferent success at first, to establish   the Country Women's Association in this State. She often told me how she appealed at that time to all country Mayoresses and wives of chairmen of country district councils, pointing out to them the social, educational, and community advantages of organised groups of countrywomen—but with not one response. She next called a meet- ing of welfare-minded countrywomen, and from the efforts of Mrs. L J. Warnes after this meeting, the State- wide organisation, with its 5,000 mem- bens, has grown. Mrs. Bowman never lost her interest in the well-being of countrywomen and children, and with her sisters and brothers almost three years ago, gave Love Cottage, one of the seaside holi- day cottages at the Grange owned by the C.W.A., in memory of her pioneer parents. To assure herself that the cottage contained everything necessary for the comfort and happiness of out back families she even lived in it for a short time, and the thought that some tired country mother and her children were having a well earned holiday was one which never failed to give her com- fort. Polish Aristocrat In London THERE must be hundreds of aristocratic Polis'h women wandering homeless in strange

countries, and a recent air mail picture   from a London studio shows that one   of the most vivid personalities among   them has found, for the time being, a   ,haven in Great Britain. Madame Pil-  

sudski is the widow of Poland's famous soldier, statesman, and liberator, and no Polish woman has worked harder than she has done to keep alive during the past 20 years the Polish national spirit. She has even known what it meant to be hunted through the countryside, sleep ing sometimes at a

Madame Pilsudski friendly farm, sometimes in disused bams, and even beneath the hedgerows, so her sympa thy now for her fellow countrywomen who are not so fortunate as she is must be very real. S.A. Almoner To Return LATEST reports from Mrs. Irene     C. Woods, who was for some time almoner to the S.A. Crippled Children's Committee, say that she hopes to leave England almost immedi ately. During her stay abroad, she has gained much practical experience —working with a country welfare orga nisation for cripples in Leicestershire, with the After-Care Association for Physically Defective Children in Lon don, where her work was mainly con cerned with vocational placement, and at a camp for cripples in Surrey—and the knowledge she has gained should prove of great benefit on her return. When war was declared she helped to evacuate cripples of 16 to 18 years from London to country districts, and also worked for a time at a bureau where help was being given to those seeking advice on problems arising from war conditions. She also qualified as an ambulance driver and was stationed at Walworth. where the many women at tendants were neighbors of those from "down Lambeth way." She found, by the way. that her experience of Ade laide's "lights out at midnight" helped her considerably with black-out driv ing. Just before the war she attended In London the World Conference for the Workers for Cripples. It is rather ironical that representa tives from almost every country should be trying to help each other with prob lems to make cripples whole, when so soon was to come a conflict that must bring with it further disablement.

Thor Princess Josephine Charlotte (centre), the daughter of King Leopold of the Belgians and the late Queen Astrid, shows promise of becoming a very beautiful woman, is shown by yesterday's air mail picture of her leaving a   Brussels church with her brother, the Crown Prince Baudoin.

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