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MRS. MARY GRANT ROBERTS feeding some of her flqck in o section of her gardens and private zoo in Hobart 70 years ago.
. Whoever heard of women buying, rearing, and selling ''tigers?7' At the turn of the century a Hobart woman did just that for 15 years. The animal she traded in was the Tasmanian tiger - otherwise known as the marsupial wolf,
or thylacine, now almost extinct.
SHE was Mrs. Mary
Grant Roberts, a person of great charm and energy, who lived in a well-known large home, "Beaumaris," from the time her hus-
band, Henry Lewellyn Roberts, built it in 1877 until she died in 1921.
I have been reading her
Mrs. Roberts was clearly a human dynamo, with a wide circle of friends and
correspondents in many countries, a busy charity worker and church sup-
Not content with these activities, she studied zoology, and in 1895, as a hobby, began a collection
of lesser-known animals and
birds from many lands, which grew into a signifi- cant private zoo in her two - and - a - half - acre grounds.
Her reputation spread beyond Australia, and she shipped a surprising number
of animals and birds to
London, New York, Dur- ban, and Welüngton, some- times receiving payment, sometimes other species of fauna in exchange.
From time to time the gardens were thrown open to raise money for charities.
Often the Governor at- tended, and it was not unusual to raise £30 at the gate at 6d a head.
Schoolchildren and Scouts and Guides formed many a Saturday afternoon party. Mrs. Roberts con- ducted the tours personally,
and her evident love of
nature encouraged similar feelings in the minds of the young.
A diary extract (January 30, 1910): "Mr. H. D. Baker (a consul) brought round Mr. and Mrs. Sayer with three daughters from Minneapolis, U.S.A. They thoroughly enjoyed the birds and animals, Mr. Sayer making light of the monkey taking off his hat and biting a hole in it. He said the pleasure of the
afternoon was worth a new hat."
On a typical day even in her seventies, Mrs. Roberts would attend to her animal
and bird collection early in the morning (with the gardener's help), then receive visitors and go to town early in the afternoon
This could include arranging with shipping agents to send animals abroad, going aboard the ship to see the purser, and paying for the ship's
butcher to feed the animals.
On the way home she would make many of the
social calls which were so much the custom of the times - sometimes five or
six calls. In the evening
she would find time to write letters, then attend a meeting.
Surely one of the busiest women of her time, she belonged to the Girls' Friendly Society, Victoria League, Royal Society, Field Naturalists' Club, Overseas Club, Tasmanian Art Society, King Edward Statue Committee, Belgian
Relief Fund, St. George Church, Battery Point (ant all its associations), to RSPCA, and the A» Plumage League, whicr
she formed in 1910.
The And - Pluma?'
League campaigned agaa" the killing of beautify birds, like peacocks ^ birds of paradise, to pr0¡ vide feathers for hats an¿ other trimmings.
Mrs. Roberts doubtless1
the only woman ? * world who has reared Tas- manian tigers in capt'** though it is not likely *' she ever bred from the" as she would have me«
She was more fond f_ the Tasmanian de* which she called her W playmates, and said f
several times she
woman "possessed of
(The Tasmanian dej^
smaller but powerful fl» eater, is not nearly as
now as the Tasman
WERE HER HOBBY
By E. A. BELL
Early Tasmanian zoo enthusiast liked being able to tell her friends that she was also "possessed of seven devils"
"BEAUMARIS", where the zoo was conducted in two and q half acres of ground^. ABOVE LEFT: This old Tasmanian tiger, or marsupial wolf, was the last of the species seen alive, lt was photo- graphed in the Hobart Zoo in Queen's Domain, and died before the zoo was closed down in 1937. BELOW: A mother and three cubs photographed at "Beaumaris" about 50 years ago. Full-grown "tiger's" body is almost 4ft. long; rump and tail are rather kanga roo-1 ike.
, A newspaper report on a March 6, 1911, described ic an afternoon party for the id RSPCA. The Governor, Ç Sir Harry Barron, declar i11 ing the function open, said nt Mrs. Roberts had tamed pa "even tigers," but he would
not care to go in with them
f as she did.
"j A visitor from England, I ba letter in "Country
Life," London, referred to a male and female Tas i(l ' manian tiger he saw at
"Beaumaris" in 1913. He efl said they seemed quite J friendly and tractable and
ba were not in a cage,
W He asked Mrs. Roberts if !» she was afraid of any of rei the inhabitants of her zoo. old She answered that she was
on the best of terms wit!
¡i ah except the bronze fla, breasted Burmese peacock 3 a mosl savage brute!
al Diary entries show th a "es between 1910 and 191 ^ Mrs. Roberts shipped moi
than a dozen Tasmanis J- dgers and a similar numb
of devils to London, Ne H York, and other places, al o' - numbers of baldcoc t"1 native hens, King tes
kangaroo rats, tiger cats, wombats, and native com- panions.
One day she mentions that some showmen called and wanted to buy a Tas- manian tiger, but she was not disposed to let them have one at any price.
In 1910 Mrs. Roberts paid the country dealers £8 each for tigers, but as they became scarcer the price gradually rose, to reach £20 by 1919.
Still she made a good profit, as cheques received from overseas were up to
It was never easy to snare a Tasmanian tiger without hurting it. Mr. James Harrison, an animal dealer of the time, wrote that he caught one by a front paw, which was broken. He kept the animal in a cage with splints on the paw, and after four days it would come to him to have the paw attended
It used to make a "loud hiss."
Trappers who supplied Mrs. Roberts with speci-
mens found that the best
way to catch them un- injured was to suspend a bait over a camouflaged pit. They could then be roped and tied.
At her golden wedding anniversary on August 18, 1913, one of the presents Mrs. Roberts received was a solid gold Tasmanian tiger brooch.
Her husband took no
part in running the private
zoo because he was occu-
pied fully as managing director of Roberts & Co. Ltd., of which he was the main founder in 1865. He died in 1919.
Mrs. Roberts died two
years later. She willed the
collection of animals and birds to her daughter, Ida, who presented it to the Hobart City Council, which used the collection to establish a zoo on the Queen's Domain, near the Botanical Gardens.
The last photograph of a Tasmanian tiger was taken in 1935 in this zoo. It died before the zoo was closed two years later.