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9 corrections, most recently by InstituteOfAustralianCulture - Show corrections

FURTHER PARTICULARS OF THE  

BALLAARAT AFFRAY.  

The facts of the unfortunate encounter at Bal-

laarat, as we have been enabled to gather them, in

addition to the hurried statement received at a late

hour yesterday morning, appear to be as follows:   —Up to Sunday morning the officers and men at- tached to the Government Camp, after having for- tified their position in as strong a manner as the time would allow, had remained closely en- sconced behind their entrenchments. On that day, however, having received intelligence that the main body of the insurgents (as they now appear to be called) had started off to intercept the advance of the anticipated reinforcements of military from Melbourne, the authorities at the Camp determined upon taking the camp of the diggers by surprise; and consequently a short time before daybreak the troops and police were under arms, and just at the first blush of dawn they marched upon the camp at Eureka. The attack upon the Govern- ment Camp had been so frequently spoken of, that

the officials determined to forestal any such at-

tempt, and to take the initiative. From inqui- ries we have made we are led to believe that this threat of an attack upon the Camp is one of the many fabrications that have helped on the pre-   sent entanglement.

At daylight rather more than three hundred men, military and police, marched upon the Eureka camp, the military forming the centre, and the troopers and police the two wings.  

The police on the right and left of the main body     of soldiers were enabled, under the heavy fire kept up, to surround or rather to outflank those who defended the insurgent position; the severe fire maintained by the troops soon obliged the diggers to withdraw from before it; and, as they   retreated, they were pounced upon by the police,    

who had covered the flank and rear of their posi-   tion. In this way, the discomfiture of the in- surgents was most complete. It was reckoned that there were about two hundred and fifty men in the camp when attacked; and, when we reckon   about twenty killed, one hundred and twenty-five prisoners, and perhaps three times as many wounded as killed, it will be found that only a

very few of the number holding the camp can have escaped altogether.  

On the two preceding days, during the skir-   mishes that had ensued between the diggers and

the police, the diggers had appeared to have     rather the better of the work, and this more than   ought else induced the authorities to strike a   heavy blow, not only to prevent the organisation that was going on, but to retrieve their lost honors before the arrival of reinforcements took   the chance out of their hands.    

The insurgents, as we learn, are all, with very few exceptions, diggers, and we regret to hear it reported, that very many of them are French,

Americans, and Germans. Our informant tells us that great intimidation is used by those under arms towards the peaceful and industrious dig- gers, no work being allowed, and any man seen going to his hole being threatened with the consequences. At Creswick's Creek this was more particularly the case. The men were all working steadily enough there, until the detachment from Eureka reached them and then they were told by the leader of this de- tachment that everyone of them that did not come out and fight would be marked, and would be sure to gain nothing in the end.

The principal leader of the insurgents has been apprehended. He is stated to have formerly been   in the military profession, and has been, for the last few days, indefatigable in his endeavor to give something like organisation to the men under his command. He is stated to be an athletic and prepossessing young man, of about thirty years   of age, with every disposition to enforce the most rigorous discipline. "Any man," he is reported to have said, "who is found steal- ing, or in any way interfering with private pro- perty, may look to himself, for as sure as death my gun shall find him out."

Our informant is of opinion that a main body of the insurgents are still lying in the Warraneed Ranges, unaware of the number of troops sent   up against them, and consequently hoping to fall upon and cut them off very easily. Here they are lying in wait for the troops, stopping or firing on many passengers on the road, our own express having had two shots fired after him. In this they have been wofully deceived, for whilst they will meet (if they do meet at all with a detachment that on Sunday had reached no far- ther than Bacchus Marsh) with an enemy of far superior numbers to themselves, they will have left their comrades behind them to be cut off in detail, and thus complete their discomfiture.

All places of business in the camp are closed. The banks, stores, gold buying offices,—every place is shut up, men being too engrossed with the present movement even to read a newspaper,

but walking about silent and sullen, as if stag-   gered with the suddenness and weight of the present crisis. Those well disposed to the cause of order, who, we are given to understand, form the very large majority of the diggers, are pray- ing anxiously for the arrival of the anticipated  

enforcement, as the sound of their tramp upon

the diggings is expected at once to restore order;   whilst a most anxious wish has been expressed   that the Governor would go up on the ground,

as it is thought that everything might be much   more readily arranged on the spot between His Excellency and the diggers themselves, than it    

ever could be by the intervention of delegates,   proclamations, or petitions. In another column  

will be found further particulars, which have been     received by way of Geelong.  

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