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PERTH NAMES. Outram of Outram Street By Cygnet. OUTRAM of Outram-street was that General Sir James Outram whose name before, during and after the Indian Mutiny was the synonym for deeds of - outstanding valour, for stories of amazing adventuresI in disguise among savage tribes, Sfor tales of mighty hunting among the wild animals of India%. But although it took the Indian Mutiny to blazen 'his name throughout the Em pire, more than a dozen years before that bloody episode such was his re nown in India that on the occasion of a military dinner in 1842 the Corn mander-in-Chief had Jumped to his feet and exclaimed amid a furore of feeling: "Gentlemen, I give you the toast of the Bayard of India, sans peur et sans reproche:12aJor James Outrar? of the Bombay Armyl" James Outram was a Scotsman. Born in 1803, he went to India in 1819 as an ensign and was posted to a native regixent. From that moment he was part and parcel of the fabric of India and at once began to make himself master of the languages and the mys teries of the myriads of peoples who compose that much be-peopled land. But side by side with this Indian in terest his military knowledge and genius grew so that he was transferred

Sir james Outram

from this regiment to 'that, and from region to region wherever there was trouble--and there was alwa* trouble hi one quarter or other ii Tndia in those days. Bit whereve* he went or -whatever the trouble; Outram suc ceeded in the task that had been set him; and savage tribes which for generations hail fought for the mere 3ovq of fighting. found themselves after being beaten by force of arms also beaten by the genius and resourceful ness of this remarkable white man who won them over to a peaceful accept ance of the British rkj. Insiirrcctions, however, were not the only thlugs he fought. Tlge?s,were his especial' delight, and he shot them much as people these days read detec tive stdries. His bag between 1825 and 1834 included '191 tigers, 25 bears, 12 buffaloes and 15leoperds, to count only the "big stuff." And so keen was he on the chase that on one occasion when it was necessary to go right to the tiger's lair he and his servants stripped themselves of-,.tbr clothes e.ndmade them into a rope by which Outram was suspended from a tree and from which position he shot the tiger as it leapt upwards at hizhl But shooting a tiger even in such circumstances was as nothing coinpared to the feats of cold-blooded valour that he performed w6ien disguised as an Afghan he would spend months living in the very homes of savages whose code saw nothing wrong but everything commendable in slitting the throat of a white man. It took 'not only courage of a superb order but a knowledge of the language and customs of these people which is almost beyond concep tion. His most desperate adventure in this respect was when he ventured out of Hyderabad, besieged and surrounded by the enemy, and slacing himself at the mercy of a robber chief (who had already slit more throats than he could remember but now promised a safe conduct to Outram to the British ines). survived a most appalling fortnight of horrors in the shape of hpurly escapes from other robbers, blinding storms and torrential rains, hunger and thirst fatigue and wounds and fever, only to reach safety-and then start back again after describing the hopelessness of his beles~uered companions. And when he rejoined them it was to endure with theta another two years of captivity and slavery until at last they were rescued and returned to civilisation to the amazement of the whole nation, which had long 'considered them slaughtered. For his services at this stage Outram received the C.B., was promoted Colonel, presented with a gold sword of honour, and awarded £3,000 as his share of the "loot." as was the custom in those days. But he declined the money and had it distributed among charities Retiring to \Englapd for two years, he returned to hold various Important positions, and in 1856 became General Sir James Outram, K.C.B. Outram's part in the Mutiny must be here limited to that phase which tells of his magnificent gesture of selfless' ness which' allowed' Havelock to. reap the full reward of his labous. Sent to supersede Havelock when that gallant officer was on the very point of achiev. lng the historic relief of Lucknow, Out ram issued 'to the troops perhaps the most remarkable general order ever Issued to any army: that, satisfied with Havelock's past achievements and pre sent plans, he (Outram) would waive his rank and serve under Havelock in any capacity until Lucknow 'had been relieved, when he would assume com mand of the army in accordance with his instructions. The world rang with acclamation at such an action and Outram's name deservedly became the symbol for chivalry and gallantry. Outram's part in the Mutiny brought him a baronetcy, £10,000, a sword of honour from the City of London, a silver shield, and, at his death in 1863, burial in Westminster Abbey. The slab which covers his remains contains the most arresting inscription in the Abbey. Simply it reads: "The Bayard of India." "Titans of the Barrier Reef," by Norman W. Caldwell. Angus and Robertson. Sydney. 8/6. From thi publishers. IIR. Caldwell's interesting book is a record of his numerous and excit ing experiences as a shark fisherman on the Great Barrier Reef. As a com mercial speculation shark-catching would seem to be a not unprofitable business, but the riLks it entails are hardly likely to make it a popular one, except among the very adventurous. Of these perils Mr. Caldwell gives a vivid description in this account of how he gains his livelihood. The book is illus trated with end-paper maps and many photographs taken by the author. IIAMIRH Hamilton have issued a fur ther edition of John Gunthr'rs "Inside Europe" cof which book 125.000 copies have already been sold), with new material reviewing events to Octo bcr, 1933.

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