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GAYNDAH.

(l ROM OUR OWN COIlRRSFONnKNT.)

' ' MAY 1'lTir, 1861.

POUCE COURT. - May Gth. - Beforu M.'

Haynos, Esq.',', P.M.' Patrick Cook, charged' under the Vagrant Act'for heilig nu idlo and disorderly' person', was sentenced to six months' imprisonment in Brisbane gaol, with hard labour.-May 7. Before G. Elliott and C. de Prior Brock, Esq. Postponed licenses : -Edward Perry's license was refused'on ac- count of his previous bad character whilst conducting his former public houso. Anthony Curry's licohso was also not given, ns he lied not sufficient accommodation accoiding to the requirements of the Act. Thomas Skelton obtained his license for'tho Prince of Wales Hotel. James Spooring was brought up for an assault on Duncan M'Millan, with intent todo him griovous bodily harm, «fee., &e The testimony of thb witnesses went to prove his guilt without doubt. ' It appears that the pri- soner, on the 22th April, went to defendant's houso and demanded some articlo which was lent, but behaving in a rather overbearing manuel*, was ordered by defendant to moder- ate his language The prisoner hereupon struck M'Millan and dcCainpod. After somo considerable timo, M'MiJlan, in company with four others; wore walking past prisoner's house, when ho was called, and in going in the gato was met hy the wife of the prisonor, who demanded what he (M'Millan) bad to do so late in tho evening olí her premises. There- upon M'Millan quietly explained that he, did como with the .intention of disturbing, and was going out again,'when recalled hypii sonor, and on meeting him received a blow with somo instrument. He fell directly, senseless, and on his'companions coming up, they thought he was'dead. Medical aid was sent for, and'for some time his life was do spaired of. All four witnesses gave evidence in accordance with the ' facts stated, and tho prisoner was committed to tako his tual at the noxt Cil'duit Court, to bo hold Maryho lough. Bail allowed. ' ,

On the Cth instant, tho sixth quarterly meeting of tho debating Society, took placo. From the statement of the sowotary's roport, the society is progressing favourably, and al- though the funds are not in such a flourishing condition, still, pu the whole, tho members can only feel gratified at its pdsition. Á îe sulution was l'aSácd that next month a meet- ing of momhors should take plaee for tho purpose of considering the desirability ofi changing its name The most appiopriato would be a " School of Arts," and tho amount of interest which the society has evoked, will thus culminate to its proper consummation.

The memhois of the cricket club met last Thmsday, and resolved on challenging the country members'at a game of cricket, to bo played during tho race week. I anticipate it will bo most roadily takon up.

Tho following paragraphs' nie fron»r the Burnett Argus :

i Mr, Slienvin, our respected Clcik of Works, lias

been busily engaged lately in Inspecting our com t house and ¡oclc-upi(ulilcli aro very near comple- tion,) and in milking arrangements with the con- tractor theieof (Mr. J. J. Towns) for the building of an additional wing to tho lock-tip, fbr the better accommodation of prisoners, and also placing a verandah on eneli side of the com t house, plans for Hie fitting Up of 'tliieli liaVo'licen piepiuedj and «¡11 lie immediately submitted to government for their approval plot ions to contracting for the samo. The committee for the primai) school also invited him to inspect the progicss, &c, of their building, and he reports veiy iuvoumbly of it.

. A public meeting »»us held in the Gayndah Hotel, on Fildiiy, the 17th Instant, at- 8 p.m., for the pin pose of taking Into considération tile foi illa- tion ofa volunteer nile corps in Gayndah. There »vas a very i espectable attendance of the inhabit- ants. It was proposed by Mr. Robert Walker, and seconded by Mr. 0. Dougherty, that Mr. Dun- can M'Nec should take tho chair.. Carried. The chairman explained to the meeting I» hat lind been dono m England, and what »vas doing lu the colo 'nles lu the way ot forming i ¡Ile corps. It »MIS then pioposed by Mi. Doughcity, seconded by Mr.' riuinp'on, and can led unanimously, Unit It is the opinion of this meeting a volunteer i ¡Ile corps should be foiincd in Gayndah. Mr. M'Kny pro- posed Hint the liflo coi m should ho designated the Gayndah and Burnett Volunteer Rifle Corps. Thii lesolution was seconded by Mr. A. Walker, and ciuiled imniilniously. Mr. It. Walker then pio- posed, seconded by Mr. Dougherty, and can led, that a liht be immediately (hann up, and signed by all tlioso willing lo join euch movement. It »val then proposed by Mr. Lamond, seconded by M'Kny, and can led, that a li--t ho also opened to meet incidental expenses. Mr. A Walker pio po&ed that application should lie mude to tho go-

vernment for lillee This lesulution »ma -.ccomled by Mr. Marshall, and earned uiiivniinously. Mr. B. Bannister «as appointed tica'-uier to the coi jw, and Mr. D. M'Nw* secictniy. Tho meeting ad- journed till Thursday, the Sfatli instant, when the» will again liieot lor tlio jan poso ol eomjileting the formai ion of the corps. Two or three gentlemen prcseut kindly ofliied to drill the corpi.

Mr. Longlands paid us tv visit last week, and inspected tho »voi k of tho hridgo aciosH Oakey Creek, which is going on very satis- factorily.

SAGACITY or A DONKEY.-The othor day n poor donkey, with scaicely n shoe to his foot, »».as soen at Braiiiiton, Do»*oii, wending his way, nsit »vas thought, homeward; but hav- ing to pass a smith's shop whore ho was nl »vays shod, tho poor animal walked up tho court to the shop-door, nnd thcro stood quietly, without company or any harness, until the hammer of the smith-»vho naturally thought that some person must havo taken it thoro commenced work, and put a now sot of shoos on, »vlion the "poor patient ass" quietly walked homo, apparently »vith much moro oaso and freedom, ,

THE DETECTIVE SYSTEM.-The detective police have, within the last few days, obtained   a clue likely to lead to the apprehension of a   criminal who, in September last, absconded from his employers' service, after having em- bezzled over £10,000, a considerable portion of which he is believed to have had in his possession at the time he left the country. The person referred to was a man named Ernest Brown, who had been for twenty years in the service of a firm of foreign merchants carrying on business in Throgmorton-street. London, and by falsifying the books, and other means, contrived to obtain possession of a very large sum of money. He absconded about the 20th of September, having pre- viously taken the most extraordinary precau- tions to prevent being detected. The matter placed in the hands of M. Pollaky, the super-  

intendent of the foreign department in Inspector Field's detective establishment, and he instituted the most vigilant inquiries. He ascertained, that Brown had gone to Ireland, and started in pursuit; but he was just a   week too late-the culprit had left. It was, however, ascertained that he had gone to Liverpool, and it was for some time supposed that he had gone to America, from the fact that some of the missing notes were paid into the Bank of England through different Ameri- can bankers. There is no doubt, however, that this proceeding was merely a clever dodge on the part of the culprit. The ruse de guerre, clever as it was, however, did not prove successful, and the pursuit continued,   but the culprit resorted to so many clever contrivances, that it was found impossible to capture him. At length, however, he found that this country was becoming too hot for him, and in December he applied to the captain of the Lady of the Lake, then lying at Gravesend, bound for South Africa, and, engaging a berth in the steerage,

sailed in due course for his destination, no doubt fondly imagining that he had at last succeeded in distancing his deter- mined pursuers. He was however, again mistaken, for the Lady of the Lake had only left a short time when M. Pollaky was again upon his track. An officer was despatched by the very first vessel proceeding to Port Natal, which was the Celt, a screw Steamer that left Plymouth direct for South Africa on Friday last. As the Celt is a steamer, and the Lady of the Lake a sailing vessel, it is not at all improbable, notwithstanding the latter had so much start, that the Celt may arrive first at her destination; but should this not prove to be the case, and the culprit should by any means suspect that he is pur- sued, it is by no means improbable that he will make another bolt, and that the journey, of Sergeant Spittle may be extended to Aus- tralia, which is the most likely place the

fugitive will resort to.

THE An VANT.

'ANTAGËS oi» PLAIN SPEAKING.-At

a recent clorical meeting the Bishop of Dur- ham told the following story':-A good many years ago ho learnt ft cm a'newspaper that a gentleman with whom he was acquainted had won a largo 'sum of money by a raco. Think- ing it would ho a great pity if some of that money was not turned so good account, he (tho Bishop of Durham) wrote to this gentle- man, requesting a donation for a model lodging-house which was about to be started,' and the result was, that ho got a letter byre turn of post, in which was' a 'cheque of, cak

sidorablo amount. The writer said ho was exceedingly glad ' ho had been applied to for such a purposo, and added, " Let me tell you, it is the fault of you gentlemen that I, and such as I, don't givo much moro largely to such charitable objects. Your words in your sermons aro so fine, you go beating about the" bush in such a manner, that wo don't know what you incaili and Wo don't much ¿are ; if you were to put such matters plainly, wo shonld not refuse what you want.

SVlIAT CO-OMIRATION HAS EïTECTED. From tho report, just published, of the Equit- able Pioneers Co-operative Society of ROolt dalo, it appears that the business' done by the society in 1860 amounted to £152,003, and that the profits wcio £10,900, within a triflo of£lG,000 realised bj' A hodj' of working men¡ simply through a method of supplying thom

solves with the »nbecssarics of lifo I Those

facts aro So remarkable that they seem 3e-' serving of publicity. 'At Bury, another Lan- cashire town, there appears to be a eo'-opoTa tivo storo concern approximating in success to that of Rochdalo. AVo' seo, that although it bogan hut fivo years ago, with only a capi- tal of £14, tho busiiloss 'dono by it already ,reaohos £¿50,000 per annum. "Wo might ox-; peet that, with' such examples of marked success, bodies of ¡working mon in all'parts of the country would attempt similar co-opera- tive associations. ' Unfortunately,' for' some reasons or othor, schemes of this kind havo often either failed entirely or mado poor pro- gress. Such is the case particularly in Scot- land. The good common dense, aptitude for business, and integrity of tho ,Lancashire operatives in carrying out plans of co-opera- tion, cannot bo sufficiently applauded.

Dn. TEMPLE.--Dr. Templo was pionoimecd by all Who knew him and Rugby to bo the ono man omincntly and indisputably suited to the office of hoad master. Ho had exactly the qualities and tho character 'needed. Ile reminded thoáe who.had-known hoth'of Dr. Arnold to a degree and in a way that no one

else had ever dono. There was the same fuailessncss, the same triithfulnoss-, tho Bamo stimulative energy, tho same power of attach- ing young and old. Sinco he was appointed ho has 'abundantly justifisd nil these expecta- tions. Ho has kept alive all tho tiaditional virtues of the school, lie has oxeicised vigi- lance over ull^ its defects. Ho has done as much as lies in any one to infuse a spit it of sound, manly, and unostentatious religion through so largo a body of boys. All the young mon who llaYO gone to the Universities from Rugby in tho hist throo years aro loud and unanimous in their lecognition of the in fluonco which tho character dud mind of the head master exercise on all who are brought into immediate contact with thom. Those

who remember ftugby tiri it was while Dr. Arnold was making It famous, and how it, in fact, went On it udor his Control, aro satisfied that tho prosent is tho counterpart of that past which, since it has boen dosciibed to tho world, has excited such general admiration. This 'Is1 -IVliat Ills' Critics really wish Di. Temple to give up, and Rugby to lose, sivlicn they invite him to^osign.-Saturday lteviem.

, A Rror.uuiAnLiä ' Cii.viiAOTEit.-The age of Amazon? is hot over, Thero died lately in Paris, at the 'ago of 81, Madame Alarie Do- gai d, who, in 1802, married a , cavalry soldier and served perádnnlly in the campaigns of Milan, Vagrant, Borodino, AIpscovA Berosinu, and Slnolcnslc'o.' 'In a petition to the prosont ompoior in I8ôp sho gnvo an outline of hor services showing that she had disguised her- self as'a'soldier, mid served in the ranks through numerous campaigns. Before Raab she attracted the'special notice of Prince Eugeno for having succoured and distributed soup io'Wt wounded. At Wagram she ex- tinguished a fire which greatly tortured the wounded, ' and threatened to burn up the gathered harvest. Sho was at Smolensko, and Borodtna, and also at Moscow, and be- yond it. This part of her story .wo must re- lato in hor own words:-''During the rotroat I shared in all the dangers of the first attack

of tho Cossacks. ' 'Under tho fiio of tho onemy I passed tho Beresinn upon a block of ice. Before Wilna, on tho lGth November, I received sovon lanco wounds, and fainted in tho arms of my husband, who was also wounded. Under cover of night wo dragged oursolves to tho rampart, and entered the town through a sewer. AA'hen we carno to Glogau my husband sank under his wounds. Prince Engoiio, with his own cars, heard my erics of despair. ltomcmbcringHho caro which I took of the 287 wounded at Raab, ho had tho goodness to send his aid-de-camp to mo with tho assurance that ho would always tako care of- ino. But frightened with my misfortunes, alone, and plunged in sorrow, I only domandod to bo carried to Strasburg, whore I quitted the soldier's habit, abandon- ing, in my pioeipitation', throo mouths'pay.' Returned home, I brought nothing but a pre- mature old ntfo. I dare assort, with tho prido of a soldier, that I am a wreak of the groat army, and hy rirtuc of this title I hopo, princo, to sharo in your accustomed liber ality>" " , .

PROPAGATION.-Ah me I that men ftböflld tako so much caro and* thought for.tho im p'iúVemont of their hoi ses and dogs, and so little for that of their sou'! and daughters I

Those who would Unhesitatingly reject any i impure or diseased strain of blood in their stables of their kennels, consult only their riii'Wons! fr flieh* avarice in tho choice of their »vives, who iti'ii, jiov.ffrthclûss, to bo the mothers of their children. Sfaturo ewerts her- self at last, it is tiuc; but at what csriena'o? Tho wealth acquiicdiu one generation slips thiough the hands of the next, o»ving to in cieasíiig incapabilities and vices ; and at a coi tain stage the raco falls front one point of feebleness to another, until it becomes ex- tinct;- The Tragedy of Life. By J. II. Bi onion1.

TUE LnATiira FAiLt'fiUSr-Mr, Commis- sioner Hohoyd delivoied judgment oil Wed- nesday, in re Stieatfeild and Co. Ho »vont fully into tile" whole ease, sho»» ing ho»v Mr. Lauience, for the firm, had become a great money inisur, to obtain money nt three per cent, on accommodation bilK lending at five per cent., with two per cent commission, and receiving in return acceptances from cus- tomers in dintilnr paper. The bills wore un- derstood to »'epiosent îcgular tindo transac- tions, when they represented nothing of the sort. Sir. Holroyd described the conduct of the hailkiupts as veiy reprehensible, very blaincable, desoí ving of the covorosl censure One transaction of Mr. Ljuicnco's »»'ai closely allied to obtaining money by false pretences. Mr. Moi'tiinmo »nuit havo wilfully shut his eyes to what was going on. Mr. Schroder declared tho bills wcic ti ade hills when thoy »vere not. The cash and bills paid to the failed firm*, amounted to £5,000,000, whereas the value of tho goods sold to them »vas only £775,000. The bills and acceptances received from the failed firms amounted to £5,930,000 ¡ the len thru- and hidoi sold t<\ thom in only £150,000, While the bankrupts know that thoy could not have got the hills discounted unless the bankets believed that they weie trade bills, yet no special case of wilful mis roprosentation in regan! to any paiticulnr bill could be proved. The coin t refused a certificate to Laurence, and adjudged that he should be imprisoned for six months. Mbrti more's ceitificate, third class, is* to he sus- pended foi* a year ; and Schradcr is to go to nrisón for three months; andhave notcoi tificate for two years. '

FoMi'mr.-Many years of woik lie before us ; and many generations will visit Pompeii to witness excavation. At picscnt only a third of the city has been brought to light, and it has takon¡120 yeovs to effect this ; the operations, however, will now be carried on »vith much more spirit. On leaving this pai t of the city, I saw preparations being made for laying do»vn a íaihvay, by which to cairy offj tho superincumbent soil to a placo far be- yond the amphitheatio. A íaihvay through Pompeii I What would Diomedo say ? The rails »voro lying there, and the »vaggons, too, and tho work would he commenced on the following day, But tho thrill »vlustle of the signal-man announces that the tiain is coming up from Vietri, and it will lequire a run to be in time. ,Not all the doubtful luxuries of the Hotel.Liomcdo could tempt me to mako a day of it ; and a word in the ear of all travellers : -I would recommend you to take a sandwich arid ii flask of iviiic, and thus ho independent of tho/oxtoitions of the landlord.-Concs pondcuce of tho Athenaium.

THE Times, in England, onjoys its present enormous influence not only because it pur- chased daily by fifty or sixty thousand per- sons, and r read hy two or tlnoe hiuidred thousand moro, but'also because its readers reproduce, in their conversations, the opinions ; and arguments thoy havo "seen expressed in

its articles. 11iisensiblythey become agents for spreadiog its'name, and circulating its ideas, and thus hundreds of thousands of per- sons aro affbeted hy The Times without over seeing it.-The Russians at Uomc. By Suther-

land Ed»vaids.

- TUB Oi.D AND NEW AVonu) CHANGING PLACES.-The United States aie fast becom- ing disunited, and Italy, that ' for centuries has been : disunited, is rapidly growing .United. Let us hope that Italy, not follow- ing the mad example of Amoiica,1 will, when she is One, never think again of falling to. .Columbia »»-ill^sôon ,1-nYO/ tu^liuinl over to Italia hbÍMuottó oC'.È Pturibus Unum," for if jtho Union' is cracking in all directions, it ii clear that it must soon abandon all preten- sions to being one united country. It had 'better writo on its flags (»ve, suppose tbcic will ho a »»'hito''and a black flag now?) " Divide et Impera." Thoy must be caroful, howovo'f, Hot to inako of the latter "Impc rance," though wc aie .wollnwaie that that is about the last thing that a Yunkeo, when ho is bragging about his country, evor thinks of displaying.-Punch.

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