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Macquarie River ,Sep. '22_The natives have been on my farm several times last month. As soon as the floods subside I anticipate a renewal of their

attacks. A report exists that Black Tom is at large, and is threatening to make white man pay for his imprisonment. The native who was captured at Campbell town has been liberated. Our Police Magistrate here, who I regret to say at present   enjoys but indifferent health, is nevertheless indefatigable

in his duty, and has sworn in many of the respectable  

settlers as special constables, in order that   they may act with their own men if occasion present, This is certainly a most judicious measure. When the blacks commit an outrage, the whole neighbour

hood must rise and capture the whole tribe, every   indivdual of which is guilty in the eye of the law either as principals or accessories. The late Procla- mation places them under the protection of the laws of the country, and they must of course be made also amenable to them when they offend them. Every prudent man and considerate employer of servants in remote and exposed situations should never suffer himself or any other individual if he can, to be with- out firearms and a good supply of ready made charges, for on that greatly depends his personal safety:

Clarence Plains.-It is remarkable that while the atmospherical changes here are so sudden and so extensive, the human constitution, which in Europe I» understood to depend so much thereupon, appears to be little, if at at all affected thereby. On Monday last at sun-set, after a very fine day, the thermometi r which had been at 4 o'clock, p. ra. at 7* Fahrenheit, suddenly fell to 60. Tbe barometer which had been above 20 inches fell rapidly. Light streaks of Cir- rus appeared, in the soutb-wesl, which rapidly in- creasing, formed-a map of Cirrus strati extending to the south-east, of the most remarkable cnaraoler ; large spreading dense sheets covered the sky in Oral direction, and as the darkness increased, locks and dark coloured cumuli were sailing along at a most rapid rate. , About midnight the rain began to fall. At day-break on Tuesday the, barometer liad fallen

to a line brlpw 28. The thermometer was at 56. 'Vite bayorrietvr.fell a line or two loner in the course ni t|ie u\v. Tlie thermometer- wa« oxtremely' un- steady, varying from rio to 76. On Wednesday about ii, the thermometer fell again to 63, at which it

remained steady, bntil.N

fell to 06. Hie baromei since remained, with a' li

quantity of. water which J

determined for the want o

it; eiteots;-it must have bij plici ¡cal phenomena ,ih. this

resting to the ordinary mc' the accomplished on« ' they


LowEtt Clyde) Sep. 21.-Wolli

awful visitation from a mountain flood. On Monday; the 15th, 1 was engaged in my wheat field, and heard about noon of that day à loud rumbling noise, it con- tinued for the space of half a minute and £ heard no more of it. The rain fell ¡incessantly- all Monday night; on Tuesday morning early .the-.'wtitt-r had much increased, nosering some marali hind «nd fields: About hoon the river began' to rise rapidly, mid was soon totally impassable, running at the rate of five knots pWjiibùr ;,. trees, fences, post rails', &c. now be

- gan to'move, and in a'short space of' lime what had

been- pretty-the di'ly before now became «''complete wreck. 1 am afraid.five acres of my best wheat tate destroyed, and'!Ít',wjir.\lake 1001. to repair the da- mage. I have sustaineel, bitt'nothing until next y*ar ean,restprc the part of my garden..

Richmond, SEP. 17; 1828.-i-Last night infor- mation ; arrived al the Police Office here, that Mr. Layman'of the district of Melville, in -the New Nor- folk Police district had been' robbed on Mondny night by four1 armed men, three of whom had their faces-blackened, and th« fourth had a black coloured veil over his faed;-'.. When-the robbers entered, Hie house', Mr. Lay nuil'the younger being alone, thev farced him IO lorn his faoe to ihe wall, and threatened lo shoot'liiiù if he looked towards them/ Thev look properly to the .amount of two hundred pounds. Mr; Layman's loss is rauch to be regretted, as he isa young-man jnst commencing his carver in the'Colony, andexpectiinchis wife and family to join him fruin England. The same day that Mr. Lsymnn'was r'nt,. bed, a^settlernainêd''<ïerMdin'was stopped' by two footpads near Brighton, and severely beaten,'and robbed bf some, money, but he gave no information to any of the Authorities. .. A party.\vasíthi8'«íófiiing sent from Richmond to act in concert' with any' par- ties! (lint may have been sent from New Norfolk in quest of the depredators. Should it appear thal thev are in'this district", they will be as quickly' handled as Bimson and (Woolley ' were j'for our Police Magis- trate seems to.act: on' the .principle,' that if but even one bushranger shews?: himself'iii the' district, th« whole force of the police atld military is to bo kept in hot pursuit after bim'until be'isUaken or driven inti» another district. He says itisbeiter to'uinke extra' exertion to caleb one than to'allow ii bind of robber» to form themselves. TJiis is surely 'correct, and 1 , think that the measure» which led to jiie very speedy capture of the two last bushfátigers'were'óf bsWicli real service to the colony as was the captúrb'rtf Brad v and his associates! . Yet it does riot appear that nuV one has done justice to the.very praiseworthy conduct- or George Cooper,, of the Richmond bond of Field Police, to whose punctiir.l and prompt attention to' the orders be received, and.lo whose judicious conduct when circonistnnurs rendered it necessary to net from his ewn judçmcnUwe nre indebted in a great ima sur« for being, now able to sleep quietly in our lied«, and having Uiiusun and Woolley under Mr. Bis'uee's key in place ,<>£ heading a gang, which might soon have ¡becomras fprniidablciHS. ttrady's;. t If Gboper has' not received the meed, of your praise; J trust those who are best able ; to judge of his, conduct will not fail to bring it ander notice in a quarter where he niny meet with a morcsubatanfiul reward; : There ap-, pears to bean..unaccountable delay; somewhere' in appointing constables in this, district under the new regulation ; indeed I.have heard it said, that there is not at this moment a constable injhe:distiict','-except Mf". Sttttoey at Sorell, and. the. Fie-ldo Police ineri. (This Í know, that their, authority ha«' in several in-

stances been disputed ; the parties in «ticii cn'ses

insisting'thm they will not acknowledgejnny man as' constable .whose ríame has not appeared .as suhlt- in tlie.fcazi-tte. 'Should Judge Pedder,b«ld- this opinion some of our acting constables; would find themselves in the wrong ¡box. : , :.'

RICHMOND, Sep. 17, 1828.-After a few days of fine weather which led us to hope that the floods were

over, and spring set in;, a heavy fall of rain com-   menced on Monday evening, and continued without

intermission until this morning about nine o'clock. The Coal river has risen nearly 15 feet above its usual level, and overflowed all the low grounds in the neighbourhood, sweeping large trees up by the roots,   and carrying every thing before it. The mill dam was nearly all carried away yesterday before the     flood had risen near its greatest height. In the course    

of last night the water broke into the mill, and poor   "Paddy the Miller" had to retreat to the upper       story, where he passed a miserable night, expecting       every moment to be swept away with all his premises.     The violence of the florid tumbling his casks and     boxes about the apartments below, the fowls scramb-   ling on the top of the shingles, made such a noise as     lad him to expect that the house was falling about       his ears, while tbe cats and rats forgetting their na-         tural antipathy and fearless of his presence joining bim in bis forlorn retreat, served to heighten his des- ;i;;.^:l|


lo request that Mr. Lord would send his "boat np in a ',,'f ;?'.'? ?3'; cattj to rescue Paddy from' his dangerous situarían. V-í-'í^ The constable who carried this message having re; '!ff'?[v turned i and expressed some doubt of Mt, Lord being i^ i,ri

able to get athis boat, three ci* the constables ven- !¡j¿,',j¿!jjj lured through the flood, and with some diffictiHy sue- jjiffj^.-ii ceeded in:cynveying-a rope through.the tipper win- [&'':;'.'-$ dow, and getting the old man out at the same aper- |i'i¿í f-l ture conveyed him safe to dry land, leaving the mill j^f^i*. .and its coûtent« to the cure of its four-footed iuhabi- j/'ini^

tant». Mr. Lord arrived with" his boat and all hi« :?'-.'?..» it? ¡ men, just as Paddy and his deliverers bad' got out,'of M-"M.'; danger. Those who ventiirnçd.into the water foujiilVj^iJp.' the current so impetuous that it would haye been i iii- !¡ ;;''-{:| '-. possible for a bo«t to have reached : the* mill: The¡Mli&fi''1 uumbers of persons Of every age and sex who stood J'f'j;,.[ ,i on, tha . bank in,- trembling anxiety for the miller'« V' l.^'C' safety, would have afforded «good comment on your; ^vi) late correspondent!«" description of the feelings by 'j''?''{% i whitb tlite Richmond lolks are animated tówaiclá:', ;..y>< their neighbours; - Great-fears were entertained for;i' ,;i[:,

the safety of ihe bridge, but it: has sustained iib ¡Vi-jj ^.¿fc jury; though the. present flood has proved -that it i*pií.'.j.;í¿í' none too large for the stream which it crosses, a«Jil;j8|{.l som« persons haye thought who have only-seen the;j£;ÄJf,y| Coal river in. its summer's dress. -A fence which. was|j¡^M erected by Colonel Davey 12 years, ago,- and1 riever .1 ¿Ml* was touched by any flood until now; hacheentotally ¡j-,f&tó washed away for sixty yards. Mr: Gunning's' o'. -;|.';>|¡?. chard ond hup gnrd'en must have suilered setiöijj'iii^j'p'fe jury, is must all the low arable lands front heneo toifcjfii'I



Ids of th« damage 'have yet

almost every rivulet on die doubt -a great breadth of m a second time, which must

th price of that article. Many > procure seed, and it the G(o» present occasion exercise bis nee towards the distressed set.

seed, many a poor family will Irvest, and government in the in- quest will have to expend next year Tarn which would now be sufficient to furnish seed for all who ar« in want '

Tne road to Kangaroo point was almost impassable for loaded carts before the late rains, and if it is not repaired during the ensuing snmmer, it will be easier to convey produce from Jericho, than from Richmond to Hobart town next winter. The Secretary to tbe Richmond Association has stated, that government liave ¿greer] to 'furnish certain assistance, the ex-

tent of which will be made known us soon as th« in* liabitants have communicated to the government to what extent .they will contribute their aid. It would bave beon better if the authorities had first caused the roads to be surveyed, and communicated to the inha- bitants the nature and extent of the proposed repairs, together with the proportion and description of as- sistance which the settlers are required or expected to furnish. Or, what would b* » great improvement on the present system, the authorities might have di. .rected the inhabitants to appoint a committee of their 'number, to ascertain what repairs are immediately 'necessary ? What extent of assistance will be ro 'quired from government to Complete the requisite repairs? with the assistanoo which will he furnished by the district in carting materials. By following the latter course, and placing the road parly with a competent overseer, in some measure under the con trol of tjie committee, as road contractors in Britain ure under the control of the road trustees, govern* ment would have the work well done, and much cheaper than it can be executed under the present system.

The settlers who have b en applied to for assist- ance have stated, 'that they will not pledge them- selves to any thing antil they know bow their asMst ance is to be applied, for it is known to all the people in the district, that the last road party which was employed on this road little better than it nas


We have been fer many weeks expecting some of the surveyors to lay out the cross roads in lins dis- trict, and much disappointment and serious inconve- nience have been felt in consequence of noone having appeared amongst us for this purpose. W» ? con Id sono find persons amongst ourselves who could settle the matter to our satisfaction, bula man armed with authority might piense to alter our lines, disconcert the plans of individua) settlers, and rendar their im. provenants useless, by running tharoad through their fences and corn fields. Our market is nt present al a stand, waiting the answer to an application which the Scoretary has made lo the Principal Superinten- dent of convict«, for a pair of sawyers in place of two

of the labourers which the Governor bad ordered on loan to the committee, there being no timber in the neighbourhood fit for splitting, for the fence around the yards. <

Sir,-It seems I hod received k wrong impression of the intentions of the government, when 1 addressed you respecting the Monthly Sunday Muster; as I leam that no exemptions aie extended cither to our shepherd or stock keeper, but only to our house servant; it assumes therefore quit« a new feature, and I bare no hesitation in saying tbe thing is wholly impracticable, and one of two events must be the re- sult, either tha settler must give up the employment of men so circumstanced in such occupations, or the authorities must give up the muster; for how is it possible tbe nooks ? of all the country can be left uu tended on the* same day, for 12 times jn a year? Throughout the whole of my neighbourhood, (for the fences that have been hitherto erected have engrossed mere home paddocks for cultivation, and have not extended to our side lines) when a partial intermix- ture of two flocks occurs, as it will sometimes with  

every precaution, no shepherd can leave the rest of his flock to collect those that have strayed, without giving notice to his neighbour's shepherds, right and left, to keep a sharp look out, as he will of necessity be absent from his sheep two or three hours on such a day ; pray therefore on this general muster day, who is to prevent a general muster of the sheep also? to the total destruction of those who are studying to im- prove their fleece, to the annihilation in fact of keep- ing sheep with government men at all, for in the lambing season a separation of 3 or 4 flocks so jum- bled together is perfectly impossible-&were the side   lines fenced, (a consummati on devoutly to be wish- ed) and our flocks all kept in inclosures, who is to pre- vent on this well known day of absence my gate be- ing thrown open, and any person so disposed helping himself? say for instance this occurs on the Saturday night, it is certain not to meet with observation 'till the Monday morning.  

Who also is to milk my cows, and tend my herd of cattle on this day of muster? with every respect for the observance of the Sabbath day, these offices must be performed. I like also to see my farm servants clean and creditable about the premises, like labour-

ers on farms in England on a Sunday, and although

it is a day of rest, I may happen to want one or two of them ; suppose for example, a friend should call unexpectedly on horseback, after fording the river up to the saddle flaps, I should prefer a servant rub- bing his horse down to doing it myself, or setting my visitor about it; but there will be no alternative for us if all my men, except the cook, are gone to


I am enlarging honorer on those points further than there can be any necessity, for the mere per- sonal inconveniences of this new regulation I could l' endure in silence, and nothing less than the appre-

hension of all my good servants metamorphosed into worthless ones, would induoe me again to address you ; for I dislike amazingly the very sound of oppo ' «¡lion to any measures of the government, a« I in " variably believe some good to be conceived, to spring

from all its ordinances, or they would not be adopted. ?t But I feel confident should, the gentlemen holding * the situation of Police Magistrates in the interior, r' whose residence amongst us we consider so much to | our advantage, from tbe local knowledge the govern

} ment thus obtsins of the real situation and interests i of the grazier and agriculturist ; should these gentle ' jj men I say, take the trouble of inquiring among such

' of the settlers as they consider competent to form an '. opinion, I feel convinced my statements of tb« disad-

vantages of this measure, both to the maater and the

¡$ ''¡ ou the contiarj «tuer íighily coloured.

p servant, will be found not only not exaggerated, but


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