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The Courier.

SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1830.

Arrived on Saturday evening the 10th in- stant the transport ship Mary, 370 tons, Alexander Jamison, commander, from Lon- don, 18th December, with 167 male prison- ers, one having died during the voyage. The military detachment consists of Lieutenant Murray of the 17th regiment and 29 rank and file, Ensign Dunbar of the 57th regi- ment. Passengers Mrs. Murray and 3 chil- dren. Surgeon and Superintendent Dr. Ro- bert Espie, brother of Messrs. Espie of this colony and settler.      

Arrived on Sunday the 11th inst. the bark Wanstead, 363 tons, M. C. Friend, R. N. commander, from London, the Cape of   Good Hope and Swan river, which last port she left on the 19th ult. with a large cargo   of merchandize. Passengers William Gelli-     brand, esq. Mr. and Mrs. William Wise and   Miss Wise, Mr. E. Rand, Mr. Charles Seal   and Mr. Sams, all formerly of this place, also the following passengers from England, viz. Miss Roberts, sister of Peter Roberts,   esq. D.A C.G. Mr. W. T. Jay, Mr. William Riley, Mr. W. Russel, Mr. W. Laird, Lieut. Everard, R. N. the Rev. R. Davis, Lieut J. G. Peat, Mr. D. Friend, Mrs. Wedge, Miss Ann Wedge, Miss Lucy Wedge, Mr. J. Wedge, Master H. Wedge, Miss Robarts, Miss Laird, Miss Emsley, Mr. David Blair ; also Messrs Ellis Haywood, Henry Sherwin,    Thomas Cooper and 3 children, Thomas Norton, Conrad Knowles, Isaac Procter, Thomas Squire, Peter Rush, Mrs. and Miss Rush, John Lewis, Thomas Garratt and Miss Susan Philpot.  

This vessel also brings 4 prisoners, viz. William Oxford, Patrick Riley, Thomas Griffiths, and Archibald Macalister.

Arrived on Saturday, the 10th inst. H.M.       Colonial brig Tamar, Capt. Bateman, from Macquarie harbour, with timber, shingles, &c. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Lempriere and 5 children.  

Arrived on Sunday the 11th inst. the brig   Derwent, also from Macquarie harbour with timber, &c. The Charlotte had not arrived when these vessels left the settlement, and must have put into port Davey while they passed, Five prisoners had absconded from the settlement, 2 of whom had been appre- hended in a most emaciated condition.    

Arrived on Sunday, the 11th instant, the   schooner Friendship, 88 tons, Joseph White Master, from the Van Diemen's land Com-   pany's Establishment at Circular Head, 3rd April. She had sailed to Cape Grim with   sheep, and had been driven off the land with

loss of anchors.      

Arrived on Thursday the 14th inst. the     brig Charlotte, 110, Capt. Ronaldson, from Mauritius, 2d March, with a cargo of sugar and wine, and 2 prisoners absconded from Sydney.

CARGO OF THE CHATHAM.  

1678 she-oak spokes, 483 bales wool,   115 casks sperm oil, 107 tons mimosa bark,   29 she-oak logs, 2 casks whale oil, 1 box seeds, and 1 case curiosities. Passengers, Mrs. Bragg, Mr. Charles Seal, Captain Geo. Todd, Mr. J. E. Cox, Miss Agnes B. Cox.

Cargo of the Wanstead.  

13 Packages dish covers, carpenter's tools, cutlery, hardware, &c. Kemp & Co. 10 barrels blacking E. Anstice. 12m. Bri- tish bricks, 21 chaldron coals, 10m. plain   tiles, 2m. pan tiles, 1 bundle twine, 20 casks cement, 1 case whaling implements, 8 pack- ages painters oils and colours, consigned to Capt. Friend. 2 cases shirts, 1 case mus- kets, 1 crane and 4 wheels P. Roberts. 1 chest paper Miss Roberts. 2 hhds Cape wine G. S. Ford. 1 case apparel H. Helly- er. 1 do boots and shoes Capt. Smith. 1 do boots, apparel and books J. Baynton. 1 do apparel J. Barnott. 1 steam engine com- plete in 100 packages, 277 packages con-   signed to order and to the passenger, con- sisting of guns, gunpowder, agricultural       tools and whaling implements, furniture, ap- parel, calico, haberdashery, cart wheels,   axle trees, saddlery, ironmongery, turnery, nails, tin and hardware, wrought iron, crow bars, steel, iron hoops, bellows, anvils, vices, canvas, earthenware, slops, stationery, iron   pots, doors and frames, blacking, candles, leather, soap, rum, hams, Cape wine, &c.

A schooner called the Nancy is daily ex- pected at Circular head for the Van Die- men's land company from London.

Wheat continues at an average of 7s. 6d. and &c a bushel. Clean wool sells at from 4d. to 5d. a lb. Fat sheep by the flock at from 8s. to 9s. or 10s per head.

The Legislative Council met on Tuesday, when it was generally understood the merits of the proposed Jury Act would be dis- cussed.        

The prisoners by the Mary will not it is expected be landed before Tuesday. The applications for assigned servants at the

office of the Principal Superintendent are very numerous.     The Supreme Court, it is expected will  

proceed to Launceston for trials about the end of May.  

We are happy to leam that the man Rayn- er, whom we had been informed had died in the hospital last week in consequence of wounds inflicted by the blacks, is not only not dead, but is likely to recover.

His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor,   accompanied by Capt. Montagu of the Cro- codile visited the Upper Clyde on his re- turn from his late tour to Hobart town, and though his stay was short he had the plea- sure of seeing most of the inhabitants of the thriving and industrious district, and had the satisfaction to hear divine service per- formed at Bothwell by the Rev. Mr. Gar- rett who preached a very eloquent discourse to a numerous congregation.      

We regret to learn, that Black Tom, the native, who has for some time acted as a guide to Mr. Robertson's party, has abscond- ed from his companions and joined the in-

cursive tribes. Several of the out-stock huts about Swan port and Prosser's plains have been robbed, we fear, in consequence of being led on by him. One man who was   pursued by them, saved himself by cross- ing the river, and succeeded in shooting a black in the very act of throwing his spear at

him.

A curious circumstance happened at Mr. Blinkworth's, Jerusalem, the other day. A native tiger, as it is called, boldly entered his cottage, where his family was assembled, and seized one of the little children by the hair, but fortunately missed its bite. Mr.

Blinkworth who was confined to the house with a lame hand, alertly seized the animal by the tail and dashing it on the ground speedily killed it.    

We have to add another item to the cata-   logue of the deaths occasioned by drink. A     young creature, a female not more than 17 years, of age passenger by the Eliza, was travelling in a cart over to Launceston to the service to which she was assigned, when she drank in a sort of frenzy a goblet of   rum, in consequence of which she was soon after found suffocated, a lifeless corpse in

the cart.         Mr. Charles Seal who has just returned

from Swan River has kindly presented as   with some curious seeds from that neigh- bourhood. They are about the size of a   large filbert, enclosed in a red pulp or apple, having a strong unctious smell. The plant   on which they grow is said to resemble in appearance the pine apple, and the seeds are enclosed altogether in a very large seed vessel, or bag, along with a kind of marina or gum. Some of the new settlers at Swan River had incautiously eaten of them and were taken ill in consequence.  

On Thursday, agreeably to the official  

notification, The Venerable the Archdeacon   delivered his charge in St. David's Church to   the clergy of the island. The Rev. Dr.   Brown, of St. John's church, Launceston,   delivered the sermon, a most instructive and appropriate discourse. The service being

over the several clergymen. namely, the     Rev. Mr. Bedford, the Rev. Mr. Garrard, of

Pittwater, the Rev. Mr. Robinson, of New   Norfolk, the Rev. Mr. Knopwood, of Cla- rence plains, the Rev. Mr Norman, of Ho-  

bart town, the Rev. P. Brown, of Laun-   ceston, the Rev. Mr. Davies, just arrived   per Wanstead, ranged themselves in front of  

the Chancel.        

The Archdeacon began by stating, that   he had purposely deferred the delivery of his charge until this time, in order that he       might have an opportunity of oberving and forming some judgment of the present state of the church in the island. We were pleas-   ed to hear him state that he had found abun- dant satisfaction in the degree of moral and religious improvement which had of late years been effected. There was evidently an increased attendance on public worship in all parts of the island where it was celebra- ted, and the external observance of the ce- rimonies of religion was not unaccompanied it was to be hoped with genuine piety, and domestic devotion was becoming very gene- ral. Highly satisfactory however as these symptoms of improvement were, the Arch- deacon admonished the clergy not to encou- rage any spirit of self commendation on ac- count of the share they might have had in promoting them a spirit which would be improper, and inconsistent with that humi- lity and devotion which should especially characterise their calling, and distinguish them as followers of our divine master. He

particularly enjoined them, being but the feeble instruments, studiously to renounce

all claim to merit in themselves.

In the midst however of many gratifying circumstances we are yet surrounded by others of an adverse description. Many per- sons, the Venerable Pastor observed, are in a state of deplorable ignorance even of the   leading truths of our faith. Many are un- happily distinguished by the practice of in- temperance. Their spot is not the spot of   God's children—they are a perverse and a crooked generation.—(If the Archdeacon, from the short observation he can as yet have had amongst us, of the enormous evil of drunkenness, could speak in such strong and awful terms of its victims, what must be our sensations, and how closely must we not join in his denouncement, who are brought into daily and weekly contact with the rug- ged and crooked points of the insensate race, jutting as it were into our sides, and tearing our internal peace to pieces !) We must be   compelled, continued he, to witness the bet- ter part of this land subjected to the domi- nion of sin and wickedness, unless we rise

with the exigencies of our situation. Those   who put their hands to the plough must   have their hearts also alive to the labour   they are engaged in.  

He particularly recommended the clergy to make frequent and regular circuits to the  

remote parts of the island, where there nei- ther is, nor for many years is likely to be a clergyman stationed. If there were any point in which he was more desirous than another of leaving a persuasive influence be- hind him, it was this,—that in all the la- bours of the clergy they should lay the stress

of their motives as deduced immediately from the Gospel—should set the Saviour forth as the agent of salvation. For a Cler- gyman to succeed he must enjoy a commu- nity of feeling betwen himself and his hear- ers. He especially enlarged on the duty of family worship, as an integral part of reli- gion, and he again insisted on the necessity of visiting the remote parts of the interior, that they might enjoin and instruct settlers in a duty so essential to salvation. They     must see that every household is supplied with the bible, prayer book, and a manual of Christian duties. Settlers he was convinced would hail their approach in making such visits with a hearty welcome.      

He expressed his satisfaction at the late   increase of members to the society for pro- moting Christian knowledge. In no part of   the world so much as this, does there exist such necessity for the exertions of this socie- ty. To be successful, their labours must   commence with the young. Wherever a  

church is founded, there should be also a parochial school. The mechanical part   must of course be carried on by the respective  

teachers of these schools, but the spirit must   be infused by the labours of the clergy—   religion and uprightness must be chiefly in stilled by their endeavours. They must strive to instil a bias to what is good and amiable, so as to counteract the bad exam- ple too frequently held forth in this country by those to whom the children should natu- rally look up for the best elements of in- struction. The clergyman must see that every child committed to his charge is train- ed up with a reverence for religion and an abhorrence of every thing vicious. He re- commended the putting into the hands of learners a clear and brief summary of the most important truths of the gospel, accom-

panied with familiar explanations, and he en- forced with much effect the necessity of re- gular attendance at school before any essen-

tial benefit could be reasonably expected.

The whole charge was at once eloquent familiar and of a strictly useful and practi- cal nature. We regret extremely our utter inability to do it justice, for we are sensi- ble we could confer no greater benefit on our reader at large, than by making them     familiar with every sentiment and expres- sions as it fell from his lips that day. We regret to learn, that he proposes to leave us

in the Crocodile on the 24th.

INTERIOR, April 12,1830.—As a pound- keeper I wish to know how to proceed in such a case as this, viz:— Certain cattle are   sent to pound, upon advertising which and appointing the day of sale according to law,   no person either comes to redeem or pur-

chase them, so that the cattle are still left in   pound-pray what must I do with them? Will the police magistrate, take them and pay me the fees and keep, and you for ad- vertising; for by the law a poundkeeper can neither purchase directly nor indirectly. By the pound laws poundkeepers are obliged to insert in all advertisements of stock the amount of fees and keep for each animal per day, it would be of great service to the com- munity were you to, add a column to each, headed - Advertising each time £-, so that every one having stock in pound by looking into your paper could take a copy of their whole charges and if they find the animal not worth the expenses charged, with other expenses that they of course must be at in sending a man, or men and horses for it, tlhen it will be left with the poundkeeper, who perhaps cannot sell but must neverthe- less pay for the advertising, &c. In your Courier of the 10th inst. there is a paragraph which says-" As for instance, the pound age fees by the table on ten head of cattle at 6d. amount to 5s i while upon 11 at 4d. it is only 3s. Sd. ,If you will take the trou- ble to look over the table again you will find that if 20 head of cattle are sent to pound the one half will be charged at 6d per head, and the next ten at 4d. This I take to be the line meaning of the table, as it says, for

the FIRST ten 6d. and for the NEXT TEN 4d. ; but perhaps you will take the trouble to inquire into and give us the proper mean ing of this table.

(The intention of the table of fees is no doubt what our correspondent means, but had the wording been perfectly intelligible neither we nor many of our readers would have misunderstood it. The fact as we take it is, that lawyers being more used to the inditing of prolix legal sections and pream- ble, are a little out of their element in draw- ing out an abridged table of fees. Many of

our readers' understood the established char

ges to be 6d each, if 10 were impounded 5s. fourpence each if from 10 to 20, as. 6s. 8d. for 20-and 3d. each from 20 to 30, or 7s. Gd for 30 head. But the act means as our coneapoivlent slates-tints, if 30 »«attie be impounded the charge will be for ihe hist len head Gd each, or 5s. ; the next ten at 4d. each, 3s. 4d ; sjtid the next or third IO at 3d. each, or 2s. Gd , that is in ali for the 30 bead 10s lOd. reckoning a separate rate of char- ges for each successive ten»

The printing of tli3 price of impounding advertisements at thevhead,of each, would occasion more trouble and expense than our correspondent is. aware of, and would be- sides, in our case, be needless, as-a brief in- spection of our rate pf charges almost inva- riably inserted .at the bottom of the last page will readily shew the amount of charge ir j forevery advertisement in the paper.)

Though . the act enjoins the iuscrtion of ¡y j the amount' of damage claimed, we tio not te j conceive that the legislature intended that i- ¡ the fees and charges for footl and water a being fixed rates should be inserted inadver

y tisemeuts, tncreby materiallyadding to their¡ n length, and consequently the expense. ! ï- To the,question which has been repeated i- ly put to as, whether there be any charge >s for damage.<loae hy cattle«grazing on uncu

kclosed pasture ground, (agreeably to a fal« jgoveriiment outer, w hich, if wc iccollcct f richi, fixed the tiespass at Is. per head for cattle), we should answer no, foi mer ens*

horns and îcunlatibns of that nature being

K'ated land jf hot properly fended*

- 000

EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM SWAN RIVER.-" Cuvier in his theory of the earth quotes New Holland as a recent formation, and treats particularly of the sand with which we are deluged. His account is per- fectly correct; -Some good land is found on the banks of rivers, deposits from them, but in very small quantities. Behind this the Darling range of hills shuts up the scene within 7 miles of the river. The ground notwithstanding its sandy nature, (which is so loose as to run through our fingers in taking up a handful) supports a luxuriant vegetation, and magnificent and very useful timber, about 7 miles from the sea.    

Every attempt at making a garden has I believe hitherto failed, but I am informed   that new land will not bear at the first at kempt. Of course, the sensations that many settlers experience, on their first arrival, are   of the most painful nature, and they uni- formly speak of leaving for Van Diemen's land. But there are many who have seen

New South Wales that encourage their stay by an assurance that the land is no better in many fruitful parts of that country. Upon the whole the colony may be considered a wonderful instance of the richness and pow- er of the mother country. In six months the population has risen to about 2000 souls! The property upon which land is   claimed, imported into the Colony, exceeds £500,000, specie not included. The ope rations of commerce are carried ou with

great spirit for cash, and I believe all the

vessels that have come here have made a good sale. We have numerous large sales

by auction here, one this day of the cattle and cargo of the Thames from Hobart Town. Our merchants advance money to Govern-   ment when required. A bank is talked of, -we have one newspaper, -a literary insti- tution,-one tolerable hotel, and many grog houses We have magistrates and consta- bles, but no civil law until our charter comes out. But we have a tolerably moral popu-   lation, and credit to a great talent is given by the merchants, without fear of the neces-  

sity of recovery in courts of law. Mutton and beef are about Is. a lb., bie.nl 8n, butter Is. Gd., salt beef and poik 1 od., cheese is. 2d , candle».2s, oil <Js 'st gallon,

clothes yery cheap, rum 7*., brandy 81.u Geneva 7». a gallon, (no' duties aie, ((.vieil) porter £8 a hhd. is. od.,aJ>otlle, wine,4-v. a bottle, labourer's wages Gs. a, »lay, mecha- nics ,9s. to 12s.

In this state of things the settler lives in hopes and fears, doubts and perplexities,    

but all confidence is placed in the newly   discovered lands, to which a force has been

sent with a commandant to the southward.

I have no doubt that an important colony , has been formed to strengthen the power of our counriy and to the advantage of the world   at large from its peculiar situation, and that

it will graze cattle we have had excellent   proof, even in the summer season, so that insures its continuance as a colony.

Rutland parish, Clyde district, April 11. —A small body of natives passed yesterday at the back of Brady's sugar-loaf, towards   Davies's bottoms. Three men followed them as far as Michael Howe's marsh, where their fires and some pieces of kangaroo were found, but the blacks were gone and they could not be tracked beyond that marsh.  

York plains, April 13.—About 20 of the Aborigines crossed Albany vale yesterday forenoon, between St. Peter's pass and Oat-   lands. They came from the direction of Michael Howe's marsh, and went towards Gullivers lagoon. Their course being nearly due east, I think they are gone to Little  

Swan port.

They did not show themselves on the open plain, but plunged into the scrub be- tween Albany vale and Gullivers lagoon.

It is evident that the mob seen in Portland parish, and traced to Michael Howe's marsh, were the same natives that afterwards passed through Albany vale.  

It may not be known to many of our na- tive youths, proverbially of tall and elegant stature, that there is a celebrated, we mean   a notorious, club in Edinburgh, called the   ' Six feet Club,' because no man is admitted     a member unless he be 6 feet high. Though   we do not at present know a single native of   this island of the age of 18 or 20 years that       would not be eligible to such a society, we   venture to occupy a few lines of our journal   to express our disgust at the principle on   which this association in modern Athens is   formed, and this we make bold to do, a   although the great Sir W Scott was chair-   man at the last anniversary dinner in Decem   ber. On that occasion, Professor Wilson,   the real Blackwood, could not be admitted   a member because he stands only 5 feet 11.   We regret that any literary or amiable man,   especially of such transcendent distinction   as Sir W, Scott should belong to such a   club. In proposing the health of Mr. J. G.   Lockhart, Professor Wilson exultingingly  

asked where was the Scotchman who did not feel proud of that gentlemen? For     ourselves, (as much of us that is to say as is   Scotch, belonging as we do alike to all the   3 kingdoms and every British colony, but   especially to the Austraiasiatic), we are   ashamed of Lockhart on account of thelarge      

share he has had in the low ribaldry, and   ill-bred offensive stuff of Blackwood's Ma-   gazine, but more than all, for the part he   performed on the occasion of the death,  

never til be fiugotlcn, of poor John Stott, IiH once formidable rival. ' - r ~

The last number of the Edinburgh Re- view is the fiist under the management of its new editor Mr. Macvey Napier, who has succeeded Mr Jeffrey, the latter having con- ducted it until, now'from the period of its commencement,' 27 years ago. Mr. Jef- frey's other avocations had latterly led him to neglect in some measure this great work, and for some years it has been both dull and heavy. The piesent number is however more lively"and varied, though still deficient of tlie fire and genius that [distinguished this Review at its commencement. In reviewing Mr. AuldjoVintciesting narrative of his as- cent to the summit of Mont Blanc, Mr. Napier takes upon himself the task of chas- tising such tiavcller? as Mr. Auldjo, who ."xpose themselves and their guides to dan- ger for the sake, as lie says, *' of vanity and idle curiosity-wealthy and pampeicd Eng- lishmen, who like the King »if Trance pud his twenty thousand men went up the 'hill

and then'went down again." But a little îe fieclion and moie eli a "tened experience will, I trust, teach Mr. Napier not too ia«>hly to hazard such self-sufficient, eironeons re- malles chaiacleuslic of Blackwood and the

Edmbuigh dilletanti school. According lo the dogma of the Edinburgh, the young gentlemen V»f Hobart .town,, who nie so in- clined, are not to ascend Mount Wellington and /east on the magnificent, tltjê'sùblitne'irs peet which Nattue in her most (delightful j. u b thê-epiesents, because a new îledged^lt

loi like Mt. Macvev Napier ch.in«cs to «ty'it i««,no< tmdei taken for the «-a he of .science. Mut I atiVfn that the heatf of thal man mu«-t l\e tvade of stone lhat can ascend Mount

Wellington in Van Diemen's land, ,i\Jonf' Blanc« iii Swit/ciland, or even any mount without improvement both moral and intel- lect!! ii. Had JefTiev, Napier, and the w hole tribe1 of Scotch reviewers,- bare-footed and bieecltless as ihey weie, more, iicquently clan-heledlo the top of Aithur. srat iban they have, or plumped into the loch of Dud dingstone, they would have learned moie becoming humility and have taught more good sense. As for nnsclf, I feel assutcd that thehappv uudeistandmg and'the fa vouiable footing I »njoy with mv uaders are in a gieat measure »lue to the salntarN effects of my perjudica! visits to. Knock loi'iy.1 t "/,,.' i « , i

,,,.; > - , 'i' in

Ignorance lies like a plummet qp the kde

biitailt'in" French eatipg ; aim\eveiv fresh^j step is, to'the iminilinled,, a new difficiles, r.vpiv thing eatable in france, is a perfect rivstiftcation, ^abke to1 the intellect and the palate ; and is involved in a double disguise <>f la.ignage and of external appealaric. The gieat object of culitiaty« science 'is amalgamation : and the simple elements »>f nourishment aie so sophisticated aud trans

moarifiedi in ««'fvvpaos and. »liirc-teis, that I th.'ir V.dtire and origin aie as diíficuli to de- | lei twine; 'as* those 'of a ' bottle of London '"?hyhïptïgne. Fish, flesh, fowl, and vegeta blos-j'W] appear at table, in a carnival cos f timo, like a reasonable idea in the phra?eo logy^'of the Moi fling Join nal, or ait ahst-act tutth'hi one of Sóntlíey's long-winded argu uitnts. / Now an Englishman has usually heaid so much of eating cats in Fiance, un- der the disguise of rabbits, and has his ima- gination so filled with snails and frogs, that lie would pieter (even'though he wcrcstarlt staring mad with no-popei\) swallowing all

the articles of the Gallican chinch at a

mouthful, to eating one French disli upon tiust, and leaving the conscience of his "tomach in the keeping of a cordonrhlcu. NKVV MONTHLY MAGAZINE, DIT.

I . ¿".Extract ot a Letter fiom Sydney.-" You ^ vvill be shocked at the idea which I am

going to mention to you, which is that ol Government making it legal for captains ol ships and others to purchase the labour of such men and women ia Fngl.md as might volunteer themselves for a cet tain number of years, sav »seven,1 and*take them abro id to any British colony to be previously agreed on by Ihe purchaser and seller, and there dispose ofthe term yet to run of their lease. I acknowledge, this sewes a very harsh mode of supplying us with labourers; but as a general principle, I believe you wdl a gieb with me that the service to both comi- llie s will IK* jeilbiiHi'd much moie effectu- ally when it is made the interest of indivi- duals to do it, than when it is clone by Go- vernment. A single act of Parliament, com- posing a'l the necessary details, wi uld set the whole of this matter to rights, and ellect an iucotieeivdblv g»e.it sei vice to this coun »^. try, and, 1 should think, also to England."

Though we go io Bichmond,,by, water twice «veiy year, mv wife \j is »ever yet been brdken of the habit of holding hist by ihe edge of the boat. "Put in your hands ma'am, if you please," said the boatman ; and so she did, but not before the collision

of ano'her boat had very nearly deprived ttíe said hands of two nails, much confuted, and a leasonable supei tides of skin. I hear her shriek at this moment. Unfortunately we ali responded somewhat too quickly : away went the wlteiiy front unt'er our feet, and but that theie was no room to fall into the water, we should iufaiiibily have been drown- ed. The vaganonds set up a horse-laugh instead of coming to our assistance ; and it

was not till after a general tumble, half a, dozen contusions, and for my own share a good draught of bilge water bom the bottom of the whciry, that we contrived to reach the shin-MEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

The attention of a large proportion of the

merciüuitsv anti others interested iii com- merce, has been more than ever drawn to the

'Uftject ofthe East India monopoly. Among I i the leasons shown for refusing tlieui a renew I "1 of the charter, is Ihe fall ol British exports

»>Y Ihe hands of the Company, and its in ciease under individual man »geiner*. From

>

179 i to 1S14, und« the monopoly system of the Company,' the ,exports,fcll 'from 2.924, 8191 to I.GO^J'251.1 Fiom 1S14 to 1S2S, the exports of Great Brilajn to india have risen to ¿5,212,8531. .j , ,

The Bishop of Ferns has been completely discomfited by a triumphant rejoinder from Lord Mountcashel, relativp to Chuich abu- ses. . The divine stands no chance with the

layman,' .even at the,f schoolman's weapons. The lament of both controversialists, at the success of Catholic Emancipation, seems the only point of agreement between them ; the fact is, that neither bishops nor sophists cart put down sound sense, and Lord Mount- cashel has all the latter on his side. »

Mr. O'Cotinell has been rallying round him his anti-union friends in Dublin, prepa- ratory, we conclude, to his bringing the ques- tion befoic the House of Commons, where it will be most probably finally set at rest.

CRIMINAL COURT.

I ÇATtjRDAY APRIL 3.

I Chai 'es (Brady, a^ private in {he, 6*3rd regt, was convicted of killing a cow the propeity of Hugh M'Guineis, with intent to steal part of the carcass, in February last.

MONDAY 5th.

Wm. Anderson was convicted of shooting at Michael Clancy, with intent to commit murder, ou the 5th of Mai eli. '

TUFS HAY Gili/

Mieliael Wade, a notorious11 haiacter, was ronviiled'of'leloniously icceiving a gold watch, chain, Seal and key, of Ihe value ol

Ol. the propVrlV of Mi Thonjasj Hooper, m \ugi\st1laî>ti well knowing it to have been felouiou&ly^iitolen.

> THURSDAY 8. (

John M'Kenna1 was convicted of 'shooting at and killing a sow pig, the pioperty, ol Hugh G01 don, in Match last, ¿cnltnce, to be imprisoned fora foitnight. ' '

Jeiemiah Cranley was acquitted, of steal- ing a hat, value 2Ö's.'the piopetty of Patuck Murphy, at the, wake of Judy fenton* in Ja nuary last.

MONDAY 12. ,

,. Challes Poutlcy was brought,up lo bq tried for ihe murder of a man named Buck

ley, but the trial was postponed until the next, Session at the icquest ofthe prisoner, and by consent of the Attorney General.

Wednesday 14

Elizabeth Peart was charged with the wil-   ful murder of John Pilkington, in December   last, by stabbing him with a knife, and Geo. Peart, her husband, was charged with aid» ing and assisting the said Elizabeth his wife. The trial lasted ten hours, and a verdict returned of Not Guilty            

THURSDAY 15..

Mary M'Lauchland was arraigned for the wilful murder of a male bastard child.        

She was found guilty and sentence to be executed this morning.    

On ti e lit of ¡March Is t, 4 convicts < ffenteil llitir

"srnpe from MarqiiBiie harbour, nnd after c*ptueni 1111» ex4rumdmaiy liaidahips, succeeded in reTeliing tile estali iMimerit of ide Vim Diemen's lind compatit nt Circular liquid, where tiley surrendered lo tMrV Curr, ih'e company's npenf. J1

These men Were led by ah ardy and intrepid sea- aun named Robern Hansler, a convict who had for- merly volunteered, in a whale boat, to explore the coasts nf the colony under Mr. Hobbs, and had often er limn once gone mund the island uith (lint gentle man-ror In«; sen ices on ilioje oicnsnms lu» ohfauird s iicktt of lorne, but unfortunately for lum, n mn

nexion with an abandoned woman led him In tin» commission of offences which ultimately deprived him of his indulgence, and caused his transportation     to Macquarie harbour. Ihs removal »VH» bv «lie sen   ii HCP of 2 mams'rale*, anil lilli plm.i's linn -in ,1 » > ry dilk'rent niniatumln ttint in winch lint Wow runaway*

le unfortunate!} ciiuimnianced, the othei ¡i being riinnpiirt< d by sentence ni the Supreme ooiiri, are »iibjertto the awful ¡lenulty inipusid by the Colonial

<ct of council. ¡

The circumstances connected with the escape of   these wretched creatures are in themselves so remark able that we deem It right to publish them as a warn-       ing to those yet remaining al that settlement.  

Three of the prisoners stripped themselves on tin         island at Macquarie harbour left their clothes on the       beach, and succeeded by swimming in reaching the   opposite shore in a state of complete nudity, where they found the fourth on the main land, who on agree ing to join them in their flight, parted his garments     among them. These with an old axe, and a fire stick completed their wretched equipment, and without a       morsel of food, they set out in quest of the inhabited districts. After 22 days painful suffering, they de- scried Mr. Curr riding on the confines of the estsb (ishment. So exhausted were. they, that though for the latter days of their journey, they had been able to   iravil only at the rate of 2 miles, a day. they could scarcely shout loud enough to attract his attention.   Hie«, wrre theil forwarded in cii-lody In George

town, and await iheir trial at the next session at

lisuocehlon.

Hie fbllovvipg explanation of seel ion l1», o; the Impounding Act, will be acceptable to our

i cadet s -

Hy the law in England, if a defendant in re pie«.in (the dtstrainor of cattle) succeeds, he gels judgment to get the caljie hack %»-{in. A tedious procès* thtii ensues to get th».nn If tlicvaie not foillicoming, the deleuddiit (th»». .said distrainoi) sues the ivvnir and l|is sui'tie«, on the leplcvin bond -OliFtivc, that np'evm is ni icly totiy the light »if distraining and in poiiiidiiig. Hie ques- tion «f 'what damage liu) bien dont,'-(»rwheie the distiinning was for mut) * what iciit was due,' -never could be agitate«). If the di¡>tiaiiiiiig was lawful, theie was au »ml < f tlie owner's case, and the clihtiniuoi -jfot tile sniel judgment to have again Hie tait e, to be «gain impounded. This «tate of thiiU's the Legis'atnie icuiedad, in ca«cs of dis tiaiiiing for ient, by pcinutting thejuiy to as«css the amount of rent due,-(m ca^e the dibtiainor, i e. the land oid, the defend mt-pioceedcd in the action of replevin,) and then the defendant (the said distrjuioi, ali is landloid,) g&tjndírmrnt tor «itch ainotint of rent and pioceidcd occordinly. -Hut, the Legislature fc't fie case of »listiainnig foi tie«pas«, nntouc'ied.- Sei tion 15, there foi e, supplies tins omission in the English law, and pci mitsthe same coni.se to be taken inaicpkvin wheie the distraining was foi trespass, as can be taken in a lepleun wheie the dUtiaimng was for lent.-1st. Keplevying, is bv the owner of cattle orijoods taken m dVtiaincd, and is the act of get-

ting poRsessiou of the callie or goods so t>e¡zed\ or di tiamed,-in ordir to enable him afteiwaids to tiy fio right for lawfulness) of such *¡uzure or »(isms*. It isfioni the woid teplegiaie, to de lliver up'iu set untv, which secuiity tlie owner gives Í before he gets ins cattle.-2nd. JKcplevin is t te

action In ought accordingly, by »uch owner, against the pai tv so seizing pr distraining (» try the law fulness of such seizure or distiess. fife owner m of course plaintiff: the djstraiiior is' 4efendaiit,-r

.VI. The defciit'iwt n then compelled ti «how dis

tmctlv and tully viliy he todk Hie cattle. Tf lie I took thtjn m Jii'i ovyn ligtyt, the Jangua-re of hu I

Pica is that lie « avows' the seizure. If he took [I them on behalf of niiothei person, the langinge 11 used is, tint He . acknowledges' the «(.mile ¡so li tliat, the defendant, after pleading, is eithei called I an 'avowint,' or a peison 'making cognt?ince.' And here the mystery ends,-mid eithei Tomlyn s or Jacob's Hw dicboimv or Jîlacltstone's common taries, (which most gentlemen have, and almost all have lead,) at least the latter, the commentai íes) expl nns( the same in a moment. Until aaaxowiy or a cognizance is filed, the court cannot tell the causes 01 grounds ofthe scizmc. The action then goes on to trial. ?

' How far a man*« clothes are or are not a part of himself, is more than I would take apon myself io de- cide, vviflioul farther inquiry , though I lenn altoge- ther to the nffirmetn e. 1 he inhabitants ot Ihe South irci islands «ero astonished and' warmed when tiley first saw ihe Europeans strip».. Yet tliey would have been much moro so, could lliey hive entered into the' notions prevalent in the civilized world on the sub- ject of a wardrobe ; could (hey have understood liovv much virtue lies inherent m n snperhne broad cloth,' how much rcspectibility in n gilt 1>uttnn, how ninoh sense in the tmof a cri\at, lmw much nmialulit,) in the cut of a sleeyp, how much merit of ovci\ «ort in i Stultrandn Moby. There ire who pretend and that with some plausibility, lliat these things are hut typical, tb.it taste in dreams hut the outward and vi Vible sign of thefrequcntationofgood qonipany; tipd thai propriety of exterior is hut evidcnc» pf a genenl

tense of Hie fitness ol this. Yet if this were really the eve, if there was nothing intrinsic in the rcl Uion i f the clothes to the w em er, how could a good coat at once, rendel" a pickpocket respectable, or a clean shirt pn'S QUI rent, ns it Joes, willi po'ipc rmgistrates tor a clean onset re. li Luguu d II liandsomi top ¿.ci y N b'Uir de.fe,n«nc irnu ar 'ihatl ' IK Im n*\t\ (t ililli r(.'< Iw »led mail ' Wl tie the st pins are perrf»ct and the ilbovvs do n >t a|ip \i llndugh thd (loth, the law ctnnnt penetrate it. A teni lemán,. (thatfis to si\ » m in wh i can | ii y Ins tniloi's I ni ) is above suspi- cion , and hen fitV t c! rj¡\ is nuttung IA Hie prt*irei{e ahd <i irtyrf ni a I »lids >fm.« exterior Thal the ¿kin is m nrcr tlian i)n finn, in a mott false'«and mwtfcktn ilen. | he sim nth bl «-inn in Christen! nu would not« wpj^h willi »juiy hki a cinihrio inffl , inr1 itinn. over li ere Is not a poir »I vii in town striving to keep up apjiFainnces in spite of (oiliihe who Wouhl' ti.qt 1f(r lather tear his llesh (han his unmentionables ; «Inch can (july an»e fro n their being so much more4 linpoitnnt a.pm of hiuistlf' nut if a man's ein lies Miter into I'ts pf'rsonallij with t* e uninin tlrej afe H<linall. iín tuon point of mensuration, a woman's he.ail bears no,no'dbie prof Al ion to her h il , her aims aro nothing lo lur sit »., s, lier body tu her firbç 1 «s or 1er nat ral cn l m lo the mine (xhubtinut

(iiUtne'of her in til ti fan on» padding. What, m one will I is Ibu most gigantic woman lo the boundless ont çilsiens of ht r cmiip icated attire? 'two grains of wheat in a bushel of chaff, a needle, in a pottle of hay, or one honest man in a corporation or a joint-     stock company.—Ibid.  

THE FUNDS. (City 26th Dec.). it is not ex- traordinary that the high value given for the Pub-   lic Securities should be maintained, when not only Ministers and the Directors of the Bank of Eng   land, but the leader of the Jewish Interest, are all   united to carry into effect the project for reducing the interest on one or more of those Stocks which bear the highest rate of interest.

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