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The Courier.

   

SATURDAY, MAY 5, 1832.

Arrived on Wednesday the 2nd instant the   brig Cleopatra, 269 tons, Capt. George   Sweet, from Dublin 4th December, with a   general cargo of goods — passengers, Thomas

Reigo. Esq., Samuel Laphane, Esq., Mrs.   Laphane and child, Thomas Bell, Esq., Mrs. Bell and 4 children, Mr. and Mrs. Gee and 3 children, R. Chandler, T. O. Meara, wife

and 6 children, with 47 of the Chelsea pen-   sioners, with their wives and families. The Cleopatra put into the Cape and landed 20

pensioners, intending to settle in that colony. The brig Mary Anne was lying in Table bay, ready to sail for Hobart town, on the 17th

March.

Arrived on Thursday the 3rd inst. the schooner Nimble, 108 tons. Capt, Broad, from the Mauritius March 14, with 290,827 lb. sugar, 45 casks molasses, 2 cases trays, 1 box pencil cases, 20 cases wine, 31 kegs tobacco, 125 taces dates, case hoops. Pas- sengers, Mr. Bevall, Mr. Downing.  

The brig Harriet, Captain Robson, was

about to sail from Port Louis for Hobart town when the Nimble sailed.

The Science, Capt, Saunders, sails for London direct to-morrow, and the mail is advertised to close this evening.

The Donna Carmelita which left Sydney on the 17th August and is reported as ex- pected here from China, was still in Calcutta in Dec. and not advertised for any port.

The bark Caledonia, from Calcutta to the Mauritius, was totally lost ou the 30th Oct. and the Captain and crew, with the excep- tion of 7 lascars, who reached Balasore on a raft, perished at sea.

The American galliot Atlantic in sailing from Manilla to Bourdeaux, having occa- sion to put into a small island in these seas for refreshment, and the crew having gone on shore were surprised by a party of the natives who proved to be cannibals, and at- tacked them in the most furious manner. Thirteen of the unfortunate crew were killed and eaten, but the remainder succeeded in driving off the savages and capturing two, whom they carried into Bourdeaux.

Capt. Friend, formerly of the Wanstead, comes out commander of the Norval, with goods from London, intending we are happy to learn to become a permanent settler in the colony. The Wanstead is now on a whaling voyage in these seas.

Capt. Beachcroft, of the Mary, was also loading to come out with a similar intention.

Capt. Plunkett, of the Persian, we regret to say, enjoyed so bad health in England previous to his departure on the 26th Dec. that he was despaired of. For the first two or three days of the voyage he seemed to recruit, but afterwards relapsed, and died on the 5th of Jan. Mr. Friend, (nephew of Capt. Friend of the Wanstead), who succeeded to the command, wished to have interred the body at Madeira, but not being allowed to land it, he was compel- led to consign it to the deep.

The Wave has dropped down to Pittwater to take on board 200 tons of dried bark.  

The ship Mary Anne and Alexander, both full of Chelsea commuted pensioners are daily expected.        

A rise seems to be anticipated in the price of colonial produce generally. Considerable purchases of wheat have recently been made by the principal corn holders with this ex- pectation, and the price may now be quoted at from 5s 6d to 5s 9d per bushel. Other grains are also on the rise though as yet plentiful in the market, viz. English barley at 6s to 6s 6d, Cape do 5s and oats 5s 6d per bushel, potatoes are 6l to. 7l per

ton, hay 7l. 10s to 8l 8s per do, straw 70s, good fresh butter 2s 6d per lb, salt do by the firkin 1s 6d per lb, potted do from Syd- ney 2s per do.

The Select Committee at Canton had de- termined so far to succumb to the Chinese

authorities as not to stop the trade until the British force had arrived. When the Admi- ral, who was daily expected, should come up they were prepared for a collision, the result of which would no doubt place mat- ters on a more respectable footing.

Since writing the above, we learn, that the fleet had actually gone to Canton, and that a force of at least 15,000 would be collect- ed. The chances of a rupture, we think, are very probable, and we sincerely trust the in- solent Chinese will at last be reduced to civility and common sense, to his own credit and the honour and security of British com-

merce.

After the storm at Macao on the 23d Sep- tember, no less than 1500 dead bodies were   picked up on the coast.

The losses occasioned to the shipping at Macao were not so serious on the whole as inconvenient, as occasioning delay in replac- ing masts, &c. which had been carried away. Most of the vessels slipped their anchors and put out to sea. Some Portuguese and Ame- rican vessels had suffered much.

A dreadful tempest of wind and rain oc- curred in the Bengal districts of Balasore and Cultack on the 31st Oct. Every thing on both sides of the Barroo Boluny river was swept away, and an inundation covering an extent of 150 miles, from 7 to 15 feet deep, spread devastation around. The destruction of life by exposure, famine, drowning and other causes was immense, and exceeded besides women and children 10,000 souls. Three thousand villages were destroyed, drowned bodies, cattle and other things floating in every direction. A subscription was raising in Calcutta to the relief of the unhappy survivors.

By the Nimble, we learn also, that Taou- kwang, the Emperor of China, had died on the 11th Aug. His death was occasioned by a sudden affection of heat on the day preceding . His elder brother King Suy- tsin succeeds to the throne.

His Excellency Sir Wilmot Horton, the new Governor of Ceylon, Lady Horton and family, arrived at Colombo in the beginning of Nov. Sir John Wilson, entertained bim

at a magnificent ball and supper in order to   introduce him to the society of the place.      

General Sir Edward Barnes, the new Com- mander in Chief, landed at Fort William on   the 19th Nov. Our old friends the 3d   regt. of Buffs received His Excellency and   formed a street from the landing place to the   Government house, up which he walked,   the baud playing God save the King all the  

20 time.

The grand rencontre between the Goyer- j

nor General (Lord Bentinck) and the Rajah (to Runjeet Sing took place on the Saltege on Uh the 241b Oct. The Rajah was attended by of i an army of 60,000 men and 150 guns. The

Governor was escorted by- 5000 cavalry and H. 7000 iufantry, emong winch were H.M. lill 31st foot anti 16'lh lancers. The British str camp altogether had 40,000 souls in it. Runjeet had with him one of the large dray horses given him by George IV.?he was sadly out of condition.

A trigonometrical survey is now making which is to extend over all India. Towers are erecting on the Barracfcpore road to the height of 75 feet. The base line from which the series of triangles is to commence will measures miles, which is double that which wus measured on Hounslow heath by General Roy.

The case of Mr. and Mrs. Allan Ramsay, for shooting at George Rich. Talbot with a loaded pistol, which excited so mut b public attention at Calcutta, was decided on the 12th Dec. when they were acquitted.

An insurrection had broken out among the Moolavees, | on the Issamuttee river, which was successfully put dowu by Major Scott, with a detachment of horse artillery, on the 25th Nov., they were not however dispersed until they had stood a regular at- tack, and lost about 80 men killed and wounded. The fugitives were. met. by a battalion tinder Major Wheeler,, and. lost 800 tuen in killed, wounded and prisoners.

Accounts from the Red Sea state, that the country about lhere had suffered greatly from sickness, scurvy, fever, and cholera morbus. Tbe latter was particularly dread- ed, as the strongest and healthiest men were carried off in 1£ hours. At Mecca, and in the Hadee country, 45,000 souls were car- ried off in one month. The violent rains

had produced great damage in Arabia. Half of Suez has been washed away. The locusts covered the waler for miles and miles. The

cholera had broken out in his Majesty's 3Slh foot at Ghazapore.

The colony,, during the present arrange- ments with regard to.the disposal of Crown lands, and the approaching exaction of the quit rents (regarding which, we rejoice to observe by the various public meetings in

the interior that the settlers are at last awake)?the colony, we say, will learn with surprise that that beautiful and naturally fertile island, eal led Trefoil island, adjacent td Cape Grim has been granted to the Van Diemen's Land Company. What claims the Directors can have put in for so valuable an extension of their already inordinate granted property in this island we cannot conceive.

The island is, we learn, capable of main- taining several thousand sheep- on the pecu- liarly rich indigenous grass which its name implies. Seeing the facility with which this company has obtained and is obtaining Crown lands (now about one-fourth of the island), we strongly recommend Mr. Curr and the Directors to apply for a few allot- ments in Hobart town, Launceston and tbe other townships of the territory, for the pur- pose of building a few churches, schools and other buildings bf public benefit, as well as some linear strips in various conve- nient directions across the island, for the purpose of constructing thereon roads and bridges.

T hese people we believe make some boast that they have expended 100,0001. since I he commencement of their agricultural opera- tions- But what/is this on such a monopoli- zing tract of lamil ls il 5s. eu every'acre? is it even 2s. 1 What would be said of u settler if be had expended no more upon his grant?would be not run the risk of having it taken from him 7 and justly. Has more, over the comparatively little pittance been judiciously expended, as a legitimate settler would have done? What result upon the colony at large is the growing and cormo- rant existence of this company likely to have? We do-not put these questions to the agent here, though we should be most happy to learn his sentiments thereupon? but we put them in all seriousness to the co. ionial minister, in hopes that the leviathan subject may obtain a littlemore considera- tion with the government than it yet seems

to have done.

We lately mentioned that a second Ma- sonic Lodge had been formed in Hobart town, and we have now the pleasure to add that at the installation of the new Master

Mr. R. L. Murray) on Tuesday last, the lodges had the satisfaction to elect that eminent free-mason Dr. Bohan, Surgeon of H.M. 63d regt. to the high sta- tion of Provincial Grand Master in Van Diemen's land, under whose auspices this very honourable and moral order will, we doubt not, arrive at a highly creditable state of perfection io this- colony.

In the Supreme Court on Wednesday, His

Honour the Chief Justice sentenced to death John Gow, George Sharker, Robert Hansler, Joshua Seaborne, Joseph Calwin, John Fle- ming and George Sharkey, who bad been convicted of shooting John Corrigan, a sol- dier of the 63d regiment at Macquarie har- bour. Peter Smith for stealing articles from Mr. Makepeace, was sentenced to transport- ation for 7 years, and Peter Stewart for aid- ing the escape of William Rust, a convict, was sentenced to 6 months and a fine of 30 l.

Despatches, we learn, have been received by the late arrivals on the subject of emigra- tion. It is proposed to give the sum of 20l, towards their passage to such mechanics as come out with their wives and families, to be defrayed out of I lie colonial revenue. We cannot say we fully approve ol this measure, nor itt fact of any interference of the Govern- ment with matters of the kind, Such things are, according lo the most approved princi- ples of political economy, beat left to work their own way.

By the Nimble, we have had. the pleasure to receive our files of those interesting works the Calcutta journals to the 16th Dec. and of the Madras Gazettes to the 7th Jan.

Ari inquest was held yesterday before J. H Moore, esq. Coroner, on the body of a Utile child named Martin, in Goulburn street, that was accidentally burned to death. On Thursday also, an inquest was held at Brighton before F. Roper, esq. on the body of Patrick M'Carty, who expired from an asthmatic affection on the high road the day

previous.

We copy the following melancholy picture of I he miserable condition of the poor of Spitalfields, Loudon, from the Morning He. raid of the 28th December. How grateful we ought to be in this colony where poverty or .want is not known, and where 1 he sober and industrious cannot fail to obtain a coin, foi table livelihood t?

" You can have no idea of the distress which spreads all over our deplorable manu- facturing' <'i:>iFicl. Some consolation, our miserable-poor might still have in the endear- ing view of another life, in which hunger and thirst, poverty and disease cannot enter, but this seems to be the last of their thoughts; numbers of these wretched people drown their sorrows by noxious spirituous liquors, The aged lament the happy days that are passed, wheo labour had its reward. Many that in better times had saved a little money are fast exhausting .their little stock of cash, and others have realized the melancholy be- nefit of the last poui>d.,and drop into a rank of life they once hoped they'should never

see. -..¦¦?>.. _

" The poor-house is full and overflowing ?it contains about 1,200 persons; typhus fever is in almost every ward; sleep is taken by turns at night, with as' many associates as the beds admit, in alternate positions of head and heels. The out door poor [ sup- pose to be 1,500 under relief, and that very scanty. One, 1 know of, who cannot.earn

above 9d. or 2 s. a week, receives sixpence ' weekly.1'

Ministers ' calculate, ' with , considerable confidence, on many converts in favour of

reform on the Reverend Bunch. The votes

of thc Archbishop of York, and the Bishops of London, Norwich, Ball) and Wells, and Chichester, are looked upon as certain; and others are named who, though not willing to appear as absolute converts, have given* good reason to suppose they will, at least,

bc neutral. - _

The tithe question continues to be de- bated with great, vehemence in the Irish press and in the Irish unions.

Rail roads are. hr process of construction from London to Woolwich, from London to Southampton, and from London to Ports-

mouth.

The complete tranquillity of Grenoble-and Lyons seems to be certified beyond doubt, and the pretended extension of thc disturbing spirit to Brest, Rochelle, Nantes, and other places in the South is flatly disclaimed.'

Basil Mont ugo, esq. is now, we observe, one of the most popular lecturers at the

London Mechanics' Institution.'

The following are the melancholy'particu- lars of the murder by the King of Spain of Torrijos and his 58 brave companions, as

mentioned in our last:? .;

"The royal warrant for their execution reached Malaga at ten o'clock in thc evening of the iGtli, and orders were instantly given for carrying it it.to effect at noon on thc fol- lowing day. An immense crowd'of people, influenced by the monks, attended at the place of execution, at the hour appointed,

and are said to have filled the air with the most horrible vociferations. The troops-of the line, with downcast looks, appeared alone to take any compassion upon the vic* timi, who were soon. seen, under a double guard.approaching through a lane,formed on one side by the troops, and on the other by the blood thirsty and infatuated mob.. Their bearing, however, under all these dreadful circumstances was worthy of their cause and their characters, Torrijos was the first led out, he presented himself to the muskets of the executioners with an unshaken front, and met death with the calmness of a soldier.

His companions were then ranged in a line, and ail fired upon at the same time."

The present which may fairly be called the emigrating age, will read the following paragraph, from the Singapore Chronicle, about Siam with much interest. Together with the Indian company monopoly, and the Chinese dose impolicy, holli now about to be burst, tb6 world has hitherto heen kept in lamentable.ignorance of the rich countries

of the east:?. >.'¦ - ' -

If there is a country in the-globe filled with the ridiculous, as also with immense riches, it is Siatu. ft is truly a pity that so rich and fertile a country should be in no better hands, lt is a fact worth knowing that the tea tree grows as luxuriantly here as in China; yet iii its wilderness, it is equal to the Chinese plant. What would it be if

cultivated J.

Thc heir apparent is about 20 years, and is immensely rich in gold, silver and jewell,

but a child in all his manners. He and hi* attendants play the most ridiculous! grima-

ces.

In fact, this exuberant country iii the hands of Europeans- might become a perfect paradise, and a mart for half the wo/Id.

The following extract from Whitaker's Monthly Magazine, will shew in conjunction with our three times* a day mutton-eaters of Van Diemeo's land, that temperance- ia. the re, j use of ardent spirits, is. not the only danger

ous propensity of the present age: ?

" Since the death of Kitchener, "alas! poor Yorick r" nothing great has been done irk in the culinary line. Men eat turtle atti

'' pines without asking, or venturing to ask,

whether.the. callipash might not be made more transcendent by a hew patent Cayenne, or the "Anana, best of fruits/* touch the feelings more exquisitely by the new pbu aiteknicon sauce. SHU there are some efforts, some tentamina, as Apicius Hexameter Burney would say, towards a revival of the glorious science. For instance, the following . receipt for making a goose what a goose

should he: "The first step is to wrap the goose up in linen; after which stop tbe ears. With peas, and bang it up in a dark place* where, neither hearing nor seeing anything it remains in a state of stupidity,, neither struggling nor crying. After this preparati ' on give three times a day pellets, made of

ground malt or barley, mixed with water, & place within reach, waler & gravel, in a pan. In this manner the birds are made so fat, . that, without seeing, one can scarcely form

an idea of it." This we own, might be at first sight called a cruel affair. But then it is, nt the worst, kind to the eater, and the 1um> view of I he case is, that it is kind also to l.lic eaten, for the sooner he is fat, the sootier be is put out of all his pain in Ibis world. But clever as the receipt is, we must announce that it is a there plagiarism from the well known receipt for making an alderman of London the thing that it be comes an alderman to be. The original is in possession of one of the oldest ornaments of the board,vcivic, and convivial.?"Take a citizen, and wrap him up first in a fur gown, stop his ears, shut up his other senses, wrap his.legs in flannel, and then put him ina gilrcoacb' Let hirii remain in a state of stupidity from the November of one year to the November in another. The hanging up may be deferred until the operatiou is complete. During this period, let him have on an average fourteen dinners a week, each of three courses, setting within reach chant paign, claret, and rose, water in a pan. In this manner, thc sub ect will be made so fat, that without seeing, one could scarcely form an idea of,il. But the sight should not be deferred, as apoplexy is considered to be the natural result of the experiment, and many worthy aldermen have found it diffi- cult to weather their twelve months. At the end. of (hat time, the hanging operation may commence willi great comfort to them- selves, and much gratification lo society."

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