TRADE AND SHIPPING.
Arrived on Sunday the 14th inst. the brig Sarah, 308 tons, Capt. Francis Smith, from Liverpool 18th June, with an assorted cargo of goods. Passengers -Mr. Allanson, Lieut, and Mrs, Corrigan and 7 children and servant, Mr. and Miss Newland, Mr. Bain and 88 others chiefly useful mechanics and farmers
with their families.
By the Mountaineer, from Liverpool via Sydney, we have received a large quantity of soap, (431 boxes) an article which had become in great request in Hobart town. It is very good, and is sold in the shops by the box on the average at 8d. and 8$d. per lb.
The schooner Conch from the Cape, which has arrived at Launceston, has brought l8 casks tallow, 216" casks butter, and 120 pipes of wine. This vessel is laid on to take in a
cargo of wheat for the Mauritius. The pres- ent price of wheat at Launceston, is quoted in the Advertiser so low as 3s 9d a bushel.
There is no variation in the price of colo- nial produce since our last.
The measure which had for some time, we learn, been before His Excellency the Lieu- tenant Governor in Council, of affording such accommodation to the banks as would enable them to return to that liberal system which the late depressed state of the colony owing chief- ly to the operation of the sale of crown lands had impeded, has we are happy to say been at last resolved upon. The sum of 10,000l. was on Wednesday placed in each of the two ori- ginal banks of Hobart town, the bank of V.D.L. and the Derwent bank. The demands on the Treasury will, we understand, in future be paid by checks, in equal proportions on each of these banks, so as to allow a floating ba- lance not to exceed 50001. in each, and an in- terest at 5 per cent, is to be paid on the depo- sit, thus enriching the public revenue to that amount and enabling the banks to relieve the public of their present distressed condi- tion. It is not we would here beg to remind those who do not reflect upon these matters, that those persons who have been or are thus reduced to difficulties are destitute of capital, but of the means of converting that capital or of realising the circulating medium to the amount required. The progress of colonial improvement has been such and so zealously carried on that many of the really wealthiest amongst us have been put to the severest straits merely because their property being locked up in land, houses or goods, they were unable, without the assistance which this most provident measure of the Government through the medium of the banks, will afford to meet the periodical demands that came against
We are happy to learn that the capital of the Van Diemen's land Bank is about to be in- creased to one million sterling.
A mail for the Cape of Good Hope and Mau- ritius by the schooner Conch, from Launces ton, will be closed at the post office on Tues-
day next the 23d inst. at 4 o'clock.
We are sorry to learn by the Sarah that
more than 2 thirds of the Leeds stuff weavers were almost wholly out of employment, and aB 'many if not more in the cloth trade were out
?of work. '
:' The sale of government horses on Wednes- day,' by'' Messrs. Collicott and Macmichael, (weht off well, considering the qualities of the' animals, and the evident depreciation 'that' [is- taking place from the' increased
dumber of horses now in the island. o ?« .. v >.***%&*
.' Hostilities were about to recommence be- tween Holland and Belgium; the alleged cause being the detention of M. Thorn, the governor of Luxembourg, who is still kept in 'captivity by the Dutch, whose liberation and the evacation'of Antwerp were insisted on by 'the Belgians, to which the Dutch expressed no willingness to acquiesce. The Belgian minis- ters had made a requisition for. an additional
force of 60,000 men.
One of the most melancholy effects of cholera 'which we have yet had to record took place in June last, on board the ship Brutus, Capt. 'Nielsort. That vessel sailed fron the Mersey for Quebec, on the 18th of M?y, with 330 passengers. They had not been many days at sea however, before the cholera appeared amongst, them, and in less than a week £1 deaths had occurred. .The master then put in to Liverpool, where the board of health af«
forded the sick every possible relief on board
the'lazaretto ship. I "\¡
The-celebrated Jeremy Bentham died, at 1" his residence in Queen-square place, West- uar' minster on Wednesday the 6th June, in the ¡L1"' 85th year of his age. His death was singu- ¿JJj larly tranquil. But a very Bmall portion of y. his valuable works have been published, j ._ Among them is a complete constitutional code,
a work on language & a work on mathematics. ! gj
A short time before his death, Talleyrand JL waited on him to request he would allow him Wl to publish a complete edition of ali his works -smi at Paris. His works are even better known Vet and admired on the continent, and in America al)! than in England. His extreme benevolence ^
and cheerful disposition were remarkable. The news of the passing of the reform bill cheered his last hours. He left his body to his friend Dr. S. Smith for dissection at a course of lectures.
Don Pedro with his squadron, had not yet arrived at Lisbon, though it had embarked at Tercaira, consisting of 17,000 men, well disciplined, and with. plenty of ammunition. An American frigate had also arrived at Lis- bon, to demand a debt of 20,0001. due to them, so that Miguel on the whole may be 6aid to be in a very awkward predicament.
Consols, London, 16th June, S4J
Sir Walter Scott hud returned to London, where he was residing with his son in law Mr.; Lockhart. We are sorry to add, how- ever, that his health was said to be but little improved by his late journey. He suffered another stroke of paralysis while in his boat coming down the Rhine, and had it not been for the presence of mind in his servant prompt- ly bleeding him, he could not'have survived the attack. He has we rcgretto say, lost the
entire use of one side.
A fatal-duel was fought at Fermoy bar- racks, Ireland, between' Capt. Markham of the 58th regt. & Lieut. Col. Mc Donald of the 92d, when the ball passed through the breast of the former, and killed him on the spot.
| A terrible fire broke out in Barclay and I Perkins brewhouse in June, which destroyed
I property to the amount of 100,0001., at one
time the engines played with beer alone, of
which about 5000 barrels were lost.
A melancholy accident happened at Mein - phis in the United States, on the 9th of April, in the destruction of the Brandywine steam boat taking fire, and before it was possible to run her on 6horc, from 60 to 70 passengers either precipitated themselves into the river, or were drowned or burned to death.
The Right Hon. Sir William Grant died at Dawlish, Devon, on the 25th May, after a lingering illness..
The Rev. Lord Brandon died at Nice on the
3rd of May. He was head of the ancient aniily of Crosbie.
The Rev. George Burder, dissenting min- ister at Fetter-lane chapel, died in June last, aged SO.
On Wednesday morning the awful sentence
of death was carried into effect on the scaffold at Hobart town, on Thomas Fleet and William Evans, both convicted of attempts to murder, the former by striking William Saxton at Port Arthur with an axe, and the latter for stab- bing G. S. Edwards with a knife at the New Bridge at Hestercombe. They both confess- ed the enormity of their crime and how richly they deserved their awful fate. Evans had been transported to this colony from the Cape of Good Hope.