TRADE AND SHIPPING.
Arrived on Saturday the 19th inst. the ship Clyde, 401 tons, Capt. Ireland, from Liver- pool Sept. 4, with a general cargo. Passen- gers Mr. and Mrs. O'Reden and child, Mr. and Mrs. Orr and child, Mr. and Mrs. Brown and 3 children, Mr. and Mrs. Wise and child, Messrs. Kelly, Bentley and Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Field, Mr. and Mrs. Carolin and child, Mr. Morris, Mr. Mitchell, and 110 others.
Arrived on Saturday the schooner Sydney Packet, 84. tons, Capt. Drysdale, from Rio de Janeiro, 4th Nov. with a cargo of tobacco, wine and other goods. Supercargo, Mr. J. Spyer of Sydney, Messrs. James Kenney and
The Mail is clearing for Sydney and will sail to-morrow or Sunday.
The Government brig Isabella sailed on Wednesday with stores for Launceston, pas- sengers, Capt. Boyd, Dep. Sur. Gen., who is we learn to be permanently stationed at Launceston, Mrs. Boyd, Mr. Leech, and se- veral of the free women that arrived by the Frances Charlotte, with their children, who go on to join their husbands in service on that
side of the island.
The ship York sailed on Monday for Sydney, as also the Government brig Tamar, for Mac- quarie harbour, Passenger, Mr. Sibbald, of the Commissariat, who goes down to relieve D.A.C.G. Woolrabe, in the charge there.
The arrival of the Sydney Packet has brought us the distressing news of the loss of the Science, Capt. Saunders, which left this port in May with a full cargo of colonial pro- duce for London. The weather it appears in going round Cape Horn had proved unusu- ally boisterous, both to the Science and to the other vessels which left this port, Launceston and Sydney about the same time. Captain
Saunders's vessel had suffered much in the
stress of weather, and, as we learn, a very heavy sea struck her while she was lying to, the sea running mountains high, and she al- most instantly went down. Happily an Ame- rican whaler in sight at the same time hove immediately up and rescued Captain Saunders and his crew from imminent death, who after- wards, proceeded to Rio, and thence to Eng- land. There were fortunately no passengers ou board, The greater part of the valuable cargo, we learn, was insured.
Before the Sydney Packet left Rio, the Wave also from this port had put in for re freshment ; Mr. Arthur, his Excellency's eld est son, proceeding to England for his educa- tion, Mr. Smith, the purchaser of the Ross re- serve, & the other passengers from Hobart-town by that vessel, though after encountering the severe weather round the Cape were all in good health, and letters have been received from them by this opportunity. The Re- source also with a cargo of colonial produce from Launceston and two vessels, the brig Brilliant, and ship Lord Byron, from Sydney bound to London had put in for refreshment
The Gulnare, 350 tons, Capt. Bulley, is the first of Messrs. Buckles' vessels that may be expected at Hobart-town ; the Chili, 200 tons, Capt. Veal, at Launceston ; and the Prince Regent, Capt. Aitken, at Sydney.
The Borneo, whaler, Capt. Ross, has been totally lost on an unknown coral reef in the Mozambique channel. H.M.S. Isis acciden- tally, touched at the place, and saved the cap- tain and crew from a lingering death. The vessel had been very successful, having on board at the time 1950 barrels of oil, and 9 tons of whalebone.
Wheat continues steady in price at 5s. 3d. per bushel, with a good supply in the market. Considerable quantities of excellent new Eng- lish barley have been brought to town during the week, which with the recent importations of the same article from Sydney have reduced the price of this article to 5s. a bushel. We are pleased to see that in consequence our breweries are going on with vigour. Capt barley of this year's growth is also plentiful ae from 3s. 6d. to 4s. a bushel ; oats 4s. per ditto. Hay 70 to 80s. per ton, plentiful. Straw none-potatoes are very abundant at L4 10s. per ton.
A large quantity of wool has been brought to town during the week, in excellent order and well got up. It sells at from 8d. to 10d. per lb. and the vessels loading for London are com- pleting their cargoes rapidly.
Shell lime is plentiful on the Jetty at 1s. per bushel-sawed timber from 8s. to 10s. per 100 feet, shingles 10s. per thousand. Dried bark
is down to L2 a ton.
Mutton continues high at from 4½d. to 5½d. per lb., beef 6d. to 7d.
The crop of Mauritius sugar this year is said'to be very deficient, but of good quality. We are sorry we have no reason to agree with the latter statement, from the specimens that reach us in Hobart-town. The good qualities we fear all find their way to England. Port Louis was full of shipping waiting for cargoes, several ships having come out from London in ballast, merely for the sake of the return cargo.
Between 7 and 900 fine wooled Macarthur
sheep we hear lately perished in the new country ot scab, being too delicate to endure dressing.-Australian,
The new Customs" Duties Act permits the importation into Great Britain of beef, the produce of and cured in- any of the British possessions abroad, to be bonded, in order to provision outward-bound vessels. This regu- lation caused great consternation in Ireland ; and it was asserted that the provision trade of that country would be ruined by it.
The Leeds Mercury gives very flattering accounts of the revival of trade in the cloth halls and warehouses. The editor complains however of the very high price of foreign wools, and of the very small stock in hand of
both the merchant and the retail dealer.
Let no one moreover suppose, from what lias been said in these pages with regard to the punishment or reform of the prisoner, that the settler has an easy duty. On the contrary
his toil is immense-his task is enormous.
If any emigrant at home should conclude otherwise, and set sail to this country on the vain expectation, he will lind out his mistake when it is too late to remedy it, except by rousing himself to the tmost strenuous-the most unceasing exertion.' He will be supplied indeed by the Government with materials to carry his' improvements into effect, but these materials are at once of the roughest, and most tender kind. But wc pointed out so fully the duties of the settler to his assigned servants in our volume for last year, under the head of the "Farmer's Kalendar" for July, that it would be needlessly taking up the time of the reader now to do any more than refer to it. There is no settler wo may safely say in this colony that docs not spend more than one-half
of every day of his life in ^ watching, ' advising j and actually reforming his convict servants, If he did not do so he would soon find that they
'. were his masters and not his servants. He
' must be'continually on the watch-he must see
'them begin and leave off work, he must visit
them by night as well as by day-he must in his own person set them an example not only of correctness of conduct-of steady and in- dustrious habits-but even of the strict obser- vance of moral and religious dutie3. He must not be contented with looking merely on the outside of his servants' hut-he must see them at meals-and at rest-he must insist on order and regularity'iu it as a clew to cleanliness and propriety in other parts of their conduct. For unless the daily home of a man is comfortable & decent, we may safely conclude that he himself is equally in disorder The new settler must not only see his men supplied with bibles and other instructive and useful books, but he must look that they have an inclination to use them and put that inclination into force-he must shew in his own person and family that he himself takes delight in snch occupation. But when the aspei'itics are rubbed down -when the first difficulties ave fairly over- come the further progress of the settler is smoothed to his hand. The London thief and the highway robber become by his exertions the faithful domestic and trustworthy hus- bandman. Though hard is the task to accom- plish it, the demon of crime is at last subdued. How necessary is it then for the Home Govern- ment, if they would consult the good of their own nation, indeed of the human race, not to tie the hands of the settler, or impoverish him by impolitic, restrictive regulations, but to leave his industry and his spirit of improve- ment buoyant and unrestrained. For if by depriwrig bim of a free grant of land, by ex- orbitant quit rents, or any other severely ex- acting measures you strip him of his compe- tence-you reduce him to straits and pecuni- ary distress,-you will as a necessary conse- quence, undermine the main principle on which convict reform is grounded, namely, industry left free to act, and fairly rewarded.-(From the ess.iy on prison discipline in the Van Die
men's land Annual.)
A vessel which had arrived at Dartmouth in 22 days from Boston, had brought papers to the 4th August. Their columns are chiefly occupied with accounts of the destructive effects of the cholera in different parts of the union, throughout the whole of which it seems to have spread the greatest alarm. Boston had hitherto escaped that scourge. News from the city of Mexico, to the 7r,h of July, had reached New York, at which time it sta- ted that Santa Anna was in the capital, and that the négociation with the Government was going on favourably. It seems highly impro-
bable that Santa Anna should thus trust him- self in the midst of his enemies ; but we have no direct accounts so late as this by several
We regret to annouuee the death of Mr. Coulthurst, the enterprising African traveller, which was communicated by Col. Nichols, Go- vernor of Fernando Po, to the Admiialty in August last. The unfortunate young man had penetrated a considerable way up the Ca 1 ibar river into the interior, and after return- ing had embarked on board the Agues bound
for Fernando Po.
Died at Berhampore in July last, Lieut. Macnamara, of U.M. 49th regt.
[C The Austrians had collected a large force at n Constance, preparatory it was supposed to an
9 invasion of France