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FLYING-BOATS.

ARRIVAL AT ST. KILDA.

HUGE CROWD'S WELCOME.

BRILLIANT ,4111 PAGEANT.

CRUISE OF 16,500 MILES.

The four Di ¡tish supcrmoriuo flying-boats "diopped in" at St. Kilda yesterday in the course of their cruise across the world "Dropped in" expresses the casualnees of their nu ¡val. The four hugo flying-boats, in perfect formation, touched the water simultaneously; thero were four email clouds of spray; they taxied to their moor- ings in front of the pier-and the journoy of 10,500 miles from London had ended.

St. Kilda, scene of BO many historic wel- come.«, has seldom looked better. Thou Bands lined the Esplanade, and a string of motor-cars stretched far along Keacons ticltl parado On the pier official guests waited under flags that scarcely moved in tho gentle bioezo. The sea. lead gi ey under tho winter sun, was almost «Hhout a ripple. It was n lazy atternoou; an after- noon for staring contentedly across the bay, speculating about the destinations of tlie Eleameis whose smoke seemed painted on tho haze. Squadron-Leader Smart, bow over, Riving an exhibition of "crazy fly- ing" in his slot-tod-wing Moth, made peace- ful abstraction impossible. IIo kept the waiting croud thrilled for an hour as he did almost everything but turn his machine

msido out.

In the meantime, the progicsa of the (light fiom Adelaide was being reported by wireless. The flying-boats left Port Ade- laide at 7.10 a.m. and wera joined by Wing Commander Wackett iu his Amphibian Widgeon II, The flight made good time, aud by wireless tho lender (Group-Captain Give-Brown-Cave) asked the Air Board ,vvhat time it was desired bo should ar- rive. "Can you land between 2 o'clock mid a quarter pa*t 2 o'clock?" ho was asked, and immediately illino the answer, "Certainly,"

i 'Thrilling Arrival.

Ju»t befoio 2 o'clock the crowd, which bud relaxed utter the dcpartuio of' thu "crazy flyer," thrilled at tho first sight of tho approaching squadron. At first only the HUnlight on tho glistening metal hulls could be seen, but tho flying-boats swiftly materialised out of tho hains, .fear thom was the Australian supcrmariua and the Widgeon II. So lpge aro the flying boat* that they «¡vero clearly vlsiblo for

Map' showing approximately the route followed by the British flying-boats and the principal places at which tho y called during their 16,500 miles cruise.

>»T>me time before the 10 minll Innd machines that siiirouniled them in e»corl could be picked 'out. ' ?» '

The ilijiht hended straight for ll.o pier and »the paspado of the 22 piaehincs waa u thrilline- spectacle.' They ilew over »St. Kilda to St, Kilda road, and, wheeling, the lund mnfcltlnos left tho «enplane« to mnkc their "lamllnB.'"

The landina was ft'protly pieco of nav^a tion. The boats touched thu water to Kollier in front of tho pier'and taxied to tho »mooring* in front of tho Royal »St Kilda Yacht Club. A yacht ran up a wel- come «fanal, and was immediately dwarfed by a supermarine that moored beside it. The flying-boats have a «pulí of Toft.- and

aro SOft. lone

A motor-boot collected Group-Captain Cavo-Ih'owo-Cave,' Squndron-Leador G. 15. Uvoclt. and tho officers of the ilif-hl and brought thom to the pier. Group-Captain floble piescntcd them to tho Minister foi' Defence (Sir William, Glasgow ). the Pre- mier (.Mr. Ilognn), the'mayor of St. Kilda (Councillor 1". L.. Hawking), .Sir John Monash, und Sir Hauy Chnnvol.

Speeches of Welcome,

"On behalf of "tho Government .mil I people ol' Vlotoiln," said Mr. Hog'un. "I lîivo you a very henity welcome. I eon» Krntiilatc you on your safe uri ¡val ut St Kilda, nnd am pleased that you have coin liletcd your journey of moro than 10 000 miles in safety. Your flight has been made without publicity, but wo recogniso that you hnvo proved the ofllciency of tlicte siipormurines, and have surveyoel au un» poi tunt'seaplane route. I trust that ymir »tay in Victofrlii will be happy, nnd that nl'tor you have Btayoil as long us possible jon ullt make a safe retuni journey." (An»

plante.)

Tho muyor of Ut. Kilda said:-"You have demonstrated Hint British aircraft mc sec- ond to nono. TI ii .n Is tbo lirst occasion on which a ccivice unit of tlio Royal Air Koree has visited those bbores, and we look foi M nul to many Kimil.ii visits, because thoy strengt lion the tics of Knipiio. Tills pier baa been tlio »cene Ol many notable vvulooiuet-, und this will hie in the hUtOry of St, Kildu. Muy 1 suggest that »Su leave Jour machines hcie over tlio week-end.1 It would enable llioiis.iiid». to sec them."

Sn» William Glasguu said:-"On bob ilf uf the Veda ni MiniMiy and the Defence sciviu'8, 1 ii dollie jou and congi ululato you on »our successful dight. We look on thi-i tlij-ht as l.'ncliug to a glentor co- operation between the f oíros of the I'Jin

I .hope tli.it Jour stay will benefit oin» Royal Australian Air Force, and that Jour tour will benefit tho Royal Air Voico. I hope jon will i it-it Ca nbcrta, where thu Voilerai Ministry will bo able to uclcomo

Flight Leader's Reply.

Group Captain Cavc-Bfoiin-C.no said, in reply:-"I wuüt to thank you for the kind way .vou hnve welcomed us. This is the lirt>l occasion on which a unit of the !{o5u! Air l'oico has visited Aiibtialia, nnd 1 hope it will be tbo foioriinncr of nelpie cal vihita Lelwecn the Royal Air l'orco und the Royal Auslinliaii Air Verco. W*o think that vic mo ciAticmcly lucky to have becu allon ed to malsu thu flight. Wc huvo bud a vci.i' good tup, willi nu Double. I icgret, that it v.ill not bo pijclicnblo to leave the boato hele foi the week-end. The moor- ings n|o » atber close together, und the liosition is exposed. It will bo bolter lo t.il.o them to Point Cooke."

Group-Captain C.ive-lirown-Cave aud his officers returned to the niotor-launcb, ond were taken aloug the pier. They then re- turned to tho Hymn-boatf, and within a few minutes three of them left for Toiut Cooke. Difficully WIIB experienced in start in'* the eiifiiiirs of one of the .boats, and it was left at St. Kilda for the night.

Tho rpceeb of« Group-Cnptain Cave» Brown-Cave was ona of the most modest on record, rK ailing the traditionally "silent service," the Navy. Tbo flight of the uupermarlnce Is regarded In defence ciralce

as the most important of »11 flight« to Aus« tralia. The flight left England ia October, ntd it has flown, without serious mishap, hy way of the Mediterranean, Irak, Ka- rachi, Bombay, Colombo, Calcutta, Singa- pore, Batavia, Broome, Fremantle, Terth, and Adelaide. It will leave by way of Sydney, Gladstone. Townsville, Napier, and Batavia, for Singapore, where it will form the nucleus of an Air Force station. Mel- bourne was tho 70th port visited on the

cruise.

Tlie machines will be overhauled at Toint Cooke, and will not continue the flight for more than a month.

CAREER OP LEADER. To Remain Here a Month.

Although he has boen In the Poyal Navy j

since the ago of IS years, and is used to a strenuous life, Group-Captain Cavc Brown-C'ave is looking forward to a month's respite in Melbourne from the din of aircraft engines. He is staying with Wilig-Comniandcr Spicer at South Yarra, where he motored from Point Cooke Boon after the seaplanes had arrived there from St. Kilda. Last night ho spent quietly at home; ho felt a little tired nfter the long "hop" from Adelaide, which was left at half-past 7 o'clock in the morning;.

Group-Captain Cave-Prown-Cavo entered the naval air wing in May, 10H; it later became known ns the Royal Naval Air Ser- vice, and eventually amalgamated with the Royal Plying Force, to become tho Boya] Air Force. Ho was with the sei nee thioughout tho war. Ile has served under Air Vico-Marshal Sir Geoffrey Salmond, brother of Air Marshal Sir John Salmond, who is at present in Australia, and flew« with him from Karachi to Bombay.

"AS far as excitement is concerned, the trip has been n blank so far-otherwiso it has been entirely satisfactory," said Gioup Captain Cave-Browu-Cavo last night. "Wo have not hurried-speed was not our object -and the engines have behaved perfectly. They have not been dismantled since leav- ing London, and the seaplanes have uot been in a shed since leaving Plymouth; in fact, the mechanics hive lind a pretty easy time. The 'planes are only under cover nt Point Cooke because there happens to bo cover available. Ono of our objects was to test out this type of eervlce air- craft, mid I have decided that it is a jolly good one. We have also made observa- tions that should piove very valuable. Wo have had very good weather on the whole -much better than wo expected. Wo Btayod nt Singapore for four months in order not to arrive in Australia before the scheduled timo; avon with that time at our disposal it was not necessary to dismantle the engines. To-day we had n, following wind from Adelaide, nnd that is why wo were a little oarly."

Discussing tlie development of civil avia- tion in Anslialia, Group-Captain Cave

Biown-Cave said that living conditions hcic weie' infinitely nioic fiivomnblo than in England, Knglnud Was a highly organised country, vi oil provided with roads nnd rail- way»: tlie weather was comparatively bad, and the generally »mall fields made land- ings dillii'iilt. In England only ono or two hours could bo saved by taking an aero- plano, but in Australia, days - perhaps weeks - could bo clipped from a journey. The ventiler «.ran good for (lying, and land- ings could be made nlmost anywhere. Ho believed that West Australian Airways had as fine n lecoid as any air service in the woi Id. Thu»- should be nothing to pre- vent the rapid dei clopinent of civil avia- tion here. Anybody in reasonable health could fly; aviation was not necessarily n young man's pursuit.

"Wo have learned a good deal oo this flight which will bo of value in tho future," added Group-Captain Cnve-Brow.-Cave. "We aie reporting on the route and general facilities throughout the îînet for the opera- tion of these llying-boats. It is just a co- incide nee. Incidentally, that A¡r-Miuslial Sir John Salmond should ni rive here practically ut the naine time a» ourselves. We «ill

meet lum nt tlie'stntión on Mouday; -tut- ing the month ot so that wo uro here Uro mechanics will look ovoi' the »enplanes, al- though it is iiupipbublc that much will havo lo be done. From liri o wa will go to Syd- ney, and then to Queensland; wo -.rill 'hop olf for Singapore from Dal win. T nm Hot quite sure n hut our- programme Will bu then; we may go homo, or wo may havo to remain longer- iii the Kant."

This morning Group-Cupta'in Cavu-llrown Cave and hi.« fellow oflicerii will pay olli« einl culls on His Kxeullenuy the Governor (Lord Somers) at half-piist 10 o'clock, and on tim Premier (Mr. Hogan) ut a quarter past 11 o'clock,

History of the Flight.

Tho pi cecil I flight was first mooted at tho Imperial Conloi euee in London in 1020. when it-wai pi oponed tliut.four Air KOILO ¡seaplanes should Hy flinn Siilgapoie to Australia. The proposal «as developed, «nil on tho moi nmg of September 22j 11127, the four llying-boats. vi Muli arrived in Mel- bourne yesteiday, toole oil' from Plymouth. Kaeh plane Curl les two ufliccis und two

inpi'liaiiiis-u total oi ll> men.

The objects of the tour nie, among other o. to obtain uvpciience in pioblcms involved when the ll>ing-boalH c.inv out c\tendcd ami independent cruises tut fiom slioic base.«, mid to usceilnin the minimum nf iieccsiMiv bases (hat munt he uolalilhlicd. It is also hoped (o gain e\poilenco of prob- lems connected with the ti'iilfoicing of points on Imperial, toutes with nin-intt di an ti fiom England or other pnits of the Km (in i«.

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