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fl

STATION

torr-**

DATES OP AGRICULTÜRA-Ii

SHOWS.

The undermentioned dates have, under tlie constitution of affiliation, been fixed by the Koyal Agricultural Society of-Western Australia as governing body:

Irwin.-Wednesday, September 28.

York.-Tuesday and Wednesday, October

4 and 5.

Greenough.-Wednesday, October 5. Beverley.-Friday, October 7.

Northam.-Tuesday and Wednesday, Oc-

tober ll and 12.

Geraldton.-Wednesday and Thursday, Oc-

tober 12 and 13.

Pingelly.-Tuesday, October 18.

Narrogin.-Thursday, October 20.

Moora.-Thursday and Friday, October 20

and 21.

Kelmscott.-Monday, October 24. Wagin.-Tuesday, October 25.

Toodyay.-Wednesday, October 26.

Katanning.-Thursday end Friday, Octo-

ber 27 and 28.

Swan.-Saturday, October 29.

Perth Boyal. -Tuesday, Wednesday, I Thursday, Friday, Saturday,. November l.i

to 5.

Williams.-Tuesday, November 8. . Cannington.-Wednesday, November 9.

Kojonup.-Wednesday, November 9. Albany.-Thurfday, November 10. Murray.-Saturday, November 12.

Bunbury.-Thursday and Friday, No vern- .

ber 16 and 17.

Gascoyne.-Friday, November 18.

Bridgetown.-Thursday, November 24.

Busselton.

AUTUMN SHOWS.

Donnybrook.-Wednesday, March 1, 1911. Mt. Barker. Jarrahdale.

Jandakot.-Wednesday, February 15, 1911. Lower Blackwood.

Wanneroo. 2

NOTES.

The weather et Ravensthorpe is showery. The rain has been of little value to the dam, but splendid for the crops.

The near completion of the Chapman railway is causing great jubilation, and pre- parations on a grand scale are in progress for the opening.

The crops on the hills »nd elopes at Katan- ning look well, but those on the low-lying lands have suffered somewhat from excessive moisture.

The continuous wet weather, coupled with the unusually heavy traffic, occasioned - by the carting of sleepers, has transformed tb« Albany-road at Bedfordale into a veritable mud puddle.

Owing to the rains at Chapman, many farmers have had to suspend ploughing operations on account of the boggy ¿state of the ground, and although it is rather late for seeding, the apparent risk is counter- acted by an anticipated extended season.

Mr. Harden, of Albany, has purchased Mr. James Hicks'Í valuable property at the Nindinups, and intends 'settling there very shortly. . Mr. Hicks has secured a property at Pootenup from Mr. W. S. Ferry, and intends to devote his future time to sheep farming.

Sir John W. Benn, after à tour of Argentina, addressed a meeting of thc London Chamber of Commerce last week. American trusts, he said, were making huge efforts to capture the Argentine frozen meat trade, but he believed they would not succeed.

Mr. Israel Zangwill, the- well-known author, confirms a statement published in the "Jewish Chronicle" that the Go- vernment of Western Australia is con- sidering his proposal to purchase land upon which to settle 1,000,000 Russian Jews.

Many prospective settlers are inspecting the Bowes Estates, and' every scrap of in- telligence concerning the Government's in- tentions is being eagerly sought for. Ex- perts claim that there are thousands of acres in this property, which.for agricultural purposes outclass any other portion of the

State.

The report of the State Guarantee Ad- vances croce <N.Z.) shows that 4,131 applica- tions for loans under the Advances to Set lers branch had been received during thc year. The amount applied for was £1,539,150. The actual advances made number 2,745, and the amount was £1,095,120. " The total sum ad-vanced to the end of the financial year totalled £9,025,275.

In the Police Court, Norseman, four persons have been prosecuted for cutting green timber and bushes within tho State forest reserve. Mr. L. L. Crockett inflicted . penalties of £1 and costs in each case, md

intimated that the fines in such cases n future would be heavier. He :also said be W^E pleased to notice the efforts of Corcoraî Foulkcs and tho police in protecting- the ycung timber adjacent to thc town.

Mr. John Heath, manager of Mr, T. H. Wilding's property at Badgeting, met with a serious accident last week. While he was taking a heavily-laden waggon from Mecker- ing to Badgetting, the wheel went into a rut and jolted him og. the two near-side wheels pasring over his body. . He was taken to Meckering and examined by Dr. Webster, who ordered his removal to the Northam hospital. ' -

July was a very wet month at Beverley, 5 inches having fallen up to the 28th ult., an-! 1,520 points up to the çaïue date for th3 year. Thc crops on low-lying land ii« feeling the effects of continual rain, fiid a spell of warm weather would be bene- ficial. Fallowing is ttill being hampered owing to thc bogzy nature of the ground,.

an<i the majority of the farmer« are auxi- > ously waiting to commence, to enable the larger areas for fellow to bo done befota

shearing. -?x

Th© rainy season seems to be one con- tinuous downpour this year. In July 878 points of rain fell at Mount Barker, which is the highest for any one month recorded at Mount Barker. Since May 1 1,961 points of rats have fallen. The hope is «spregsed that "Wragge's drought" will be. experienced from now onward for at least a month. The country L absolutely waterlogged. Great difficulty is being experienced by the mail contractors in crossing the rivers on their respective routes.

A Mount Barker correspondent writes; -Mr. George Clifford has sold his property -on the St. Werburghs-road, and intends leaving at an early date for Victoria, where he will in future reside. Mr, Lilford has

taken a great interest Sa all things apper- jr taming to the welfare of the district. He is also a practical mechanic of some const, derable merit, more especially in the machi- nery line lt is staled that he is going East under appointment to a . well-known farming» machinery company.

All creeks near Northampton are running, and low-lying lands are saturated. In the newly selected areas where old tracks have been crossed by new fences travellers have difficulty in driving over the new unmade roads, -and A ?pado for digging out purposes forms part of every loading. It is calculated

that only two-thirds or perhaps less of tho S* acreage intended for wheat will have been planted, and besides this loss there is a further one, on the outlay made for fer- tilising material that will now be an encum- brance till next season.

There wag a fair attendance ac rho Build- ers" Exchange, St. George's4errace, last week, when Messrs. Dalgety and Co.,

Ltd., submitted to auction the Edmund Station. £00* miles from Carnarvon. The property contains -160,000 acres of leasehold

country? and has xunning on it 700 head of . mixed cattle and 73 horses. A fair amount of improvements have been carried out, including the sinking of seven wells. The» bidding was good, and eventually the station. * waa knocked down. to Hr. W. Fettbach for £4,000.

The American Vice-Consul afc Sydney re- x ceived. a telegram from tho Premier of ' Western Australia stating that there had been no pleuro-pneumonia in that State for 18 months, and protesting against the quar- antine in. the Philippines as applied to cattln shipped from Western Australia. The substance of the telegram was transmitted to the Governor-General of tho Philippines, who has replied that pleuro-pneumonia had been discovered in cattle shipped from Wyndham, and that,, therefore, quarantine *till applied to Western Australia.

The success of the Western Australian shipments of fruit to London this year has attracted the attention of the' large fruit salesmen there to this State. Mr. Boss Walker, who represents Messrs. Edward Jacobs and Sons, of Covent Garden, Lon dou, is . now touring the South-Western, dirt ric ts. and by the Mooltan, which reaches Fremantle on the 16th of this month. Mr. A. Duthoit, who handles largo quart

tities of Australian fruit in London each season, will arrive, and proposes to visit the various fruit districts in order to

what progress is being made and to ascer- tain the prospects of the orchard industry

Owing to the flooded nature of thc brooks between Nannup and Balingup traffic along the road has been suspended, and the mails are being conveyed per road to Busselton, The Nannup-Balingup telephone is working

in a faulty condition, and no slight in- V convenience is being felt. As à reFult of T. this unsatisfactory condition of affairs, an effort is being made to have» direct tele- phonic and mail communication with Buer Kelton. This would be much more conveni- ent and quicker for thc great majority of the residents, and owing- to the nature of the country there would bo .little or .no likelihood of interruption taking place.

The committee of the Northam Agricul^ tural Society are hard at work making thó

final arrangements in connection with tfuK stock parade on August 10. and tho annual show on October ll and 12. The offer of Mr. AV. H. Lawrence of «a special prize' of one guinea for a hotee-shaeing competition at tho show has been accepted. in view of tho big prizes offered m the draught stallion section at the show it has been

decided to appoint three _ judges, each to come from a separate district, so as to ensure absolute impartiality in their deci- sions. The special^ prizes offered for the

same' occasion for Western Australian cross- bred ewes with lambs at foot aro also ex pee ted to lead to keen competition.

An adjourned meeting of dairy mon em- ployees was held ' at the Clarçmo^Jj

Hotel, Claremont, for the purpose of* forming a union to improve their work- ing conditions. The meeting was largely, attended. It was resolved to form a

union, to be called the Dairymen Em- - ployees' Union, and 21 new members were enrolled. The following officers were elected :-President, Mr. J. Innes ; vice president, Mr. S. Jcffrys; treasurer, Mr. D. Cox; secretary. Mr. Joseph Fabre; trustees, Messrs). T. Taylor, W. Thurley, and R. Bentick; committee, Messrs. E. McLaughlin, G. Woollaue, S. C. Wilson, F, Bickwith, W. Johnson, M, Chapman, and J. Tonduit. _ ,

Exports of Australian wheat and flour to oversea destinations from December IS, 1909. to the 23rd ult., are officially stated at 35,942,384 bushels wheat, 880,650 sacks flour, or a wheat equivalent bf 40,169,504 bushels, valued at £7,850,000, against 32,063.449 bushels, value £6,360,000, for the corresponding period of the previous year. Approximate shipments from the different States are officially stated as follow :- .

Wheat. Flour. From- Bushels. Sacks.

Western Australia .. .. 1,850,000 -9,720 . New South Wales ?. * -; ;. 7,907,000 358,000-, Victoria :. 11,524,842 482,200 Soüth Australia 14,660,542 230,730.

'--...kbtal i . -v- 35,942,384 880,85^ jáájo settlers , ia (the-Capel -district ^are.

asking the Government to clear land to»

them with their traction engines, on the came lilies, as is being done at tile Ludlow Pine Plantation, It is realised that this method is far more effective and cheaper than any of the mechanical devices so far offered to settlers. A number of those in- terested are prepared to pay the Government cash for the work, if the'amount asked is reasonable, and there is no doubT that .many others would be glad to make similar arrangements. It remains to be seen whe- ther the" authorities will take this oppor- tunity of aiding the people already on the land, those who have had to rough it, 'or whether all the assistance is to be reserved for those whom they hope to attract io

our shores.

A notice appeared in last week's j

''Government Gazette" to the effect that the non-cultivable Crown land?

in the, South-West and Eucla divi- \ sious will bc nfiide available for selec- tion under grazing lease conditions on and after Tuesday, August 16. It is pointed out by the Lands Department that there 'must necessarily be delay in the classification and survey of lands ap- plied for under glazing lease conditions unless the services of additional survey-

ors can be obtained, as all the surveyors ! in the department are at present fully

employed on -thc survey of land for agri- , cultural settlement, which must take pre- cedence of surveys of lands selected under grazing lease conditions.

v ' A pleasant day was spent at Goomalling

at the ? local pnblic. fchopl, the occasion

.being the. celebration of Arbor Day. During 1 ? tho morning the children gathered in .ino i

achoo!, where they were addressed by Mr.. 'A. J. Hoddy (visiting officer), Mri Plaisted, j an 1 Rev. Mr. Bull. - 'fue addresses were in- i terspersed hy several songs and recitations! by the children. liv the afternoon £MÖ j «choolmistreis, Miss Dunn,' asked .Mesdames i

?Glass, Davenport, and Lloyd, Nurse Sunter, j

'and Miss Fyffe* to plant trees in the school ground. The ladies ? in .planting, the trees referred in. nigh praise to the care "and attention giveii to the scholars by . Miss s 'Dunn. Sports for tho children were then

carried out, under a good committee. After the sports had concluded trees.were planted al the teacher's .residence by Mesdames French and Powell, the Messrs. Lloyd, Da- vies. Rule, and Hoddy, and Master Davies.

In the Hniirc of Representatives last week Mr. Livingston (S.A.) continued the discus- sion on Mr. Atkinson's (T.) motion that in the opinion of the House the Common- wealth should forthwith take over the in- spection and effective control of produce passing from State to State. He said that euch an inspection was required in the in- terests of Producers. There was a large quantity ot pioduce sent from South Aus- tralia to Western Australia, where this would come in. He hoped :that the Govern went would see that there was free inter- change between the north -and south <S Australia. - Mr. Greene ' (N.S.W.) thought that the.motion went too far. and that som© ?control should'be left in tho hands of the State. Mr. Joseph Cook (N.S.W.) said that the matter had been discussed in the previ-

ous Parliament, when it har been decided that it »ould uot be wise to abolish all State control. The debate was arjourned.

The annual meeting of the Benjaberring Progress Association was held on Satur- day week, at Mr. J. P. Stratton's Goulburn Valley Farm. There was a large attend- ance. The following officers were elected: M\ J. S. Carter, president; Mr. R. S. Newbold, vice-president; hon. secretary. Mr. J. P. Stratton; treasurer. Mr. H. Skewes; committee, Messrs. B. Evans, W. Grace. C. Hebb, C. Thomas. W. Davis, A. Lowrie,

aal J.. Riches. It .was decided that the As-" Kociation should meet on the last Satur la y in each mouth. The construction of road* to sidings aloug the Dowerin:Mcrredin line w;\s discussed, and it was decided to ask tho Roads Board to clear a road for a i!is taucti of ten miles north and the same dis- tance south from Benjaberring, Wyatcatcli ©a\; and Korrelocking Sidings. It was alfo

decided to ask that the town site reserves adjacent to the -sidings mentioned be pur- veyed into blocks suitable for business' people.

A pi'uuing, grafting, and budding dé- monstration under the auspices of the f Darlington Progress Association, took

place in the orchard of Mr. Dreghorn, on Saturday afternoon last (23rd instant). Between 60 and 70 visitors were present. The experts of the Agricultural Depart- ment, Mr. Hutcherson, on fruit trees, and Mr. Laukester, on vines/ were kept busy the whole afternoon demonstrating and explaining matters to the interested . spectators, -and answering Je many questions asked. Mr. Watt, a

jal fruitgrower, also demonstrated, and explained the methods followed by him- self. The demonstration was an unquali- fied success, and the chairman, on behalf of his Association, and the visitors pre- sent, expressed their gratitude and in- debtedness to the gentlemen named for the very valuable and instructive lessons given.

The opening celebrations of the Gnowan- gerup Agricultural Hall took place on ^ July 20. The building committee were

unfortunate in their choice of a day, ai adverse weather conditions prevailed, and greatly interfered with the success of the function. The football match had to be

tejftahdoncd, owing'to the slippery and slop-

py nature of the ground rendering play, impossible. However, about 4 o'clock » break occurred in the weather, by which tim* a fair number of residents and visitors from neighbouring towns began to arrive Mr. Bell, the secretary of the building committee, asked Mr. Arnold Piesse, M.L.A., lo declare the hail open, and in doing so pretonted to Mr. Piesse a silver key, <i) behalf of the building committee, as i memento of the occasion. Mr. Piesse, in declaring the hall open, congratulated thè residents of the district on the possessio» bf tho building.' When the doors were thrown open a well-served dinner was web- ing within for all whose appetites were tuadc keen by thc bracing air outside. The ladies were kept busy waiting at *he tables until the whole of thc food supplies were exhausted. A concert in the evening, under the direction of Mr. Piesse, M.L.A., wa* well attended, .extra seating accommo- dation having to be provided.

The annual meeting of members of the Bedfordale Agricultural and Horticultural

Society was held at Bedford Hall during^ last week. The president (Mr. A. J. Egan) occupied the chair, and there was an attendance of about 40 members. The an- nual report gave a resume of the work of the past year. The balance-sheet,- which in conjunction with the report was adopted, . showed the receipts to b.ave been £89 Hs.

Bd., and the expenditure £86 3s., leaving a \ balance lo credit of £3 8s. 8d. The chair- man informed the meeting that Wie last instalment of purchase money on thc piano

liad been paid, and the instrument wits now ; the property of tho members,. A- hearty vote of thanks was accorded to the retiring officers, and all who had assisted the society in the past year. The election of officers resulted as follows:-Patron, Sir John For- rest ; president, Mr. A J. Egan ; vice-presi- dents, Messrs. M. H. Jacoby, V. Hamersley, G. Throssell, J. Hawter, G. F. Marsh, J, T. Smith, and L. Butcher; committee, Messrs. Ryiiiker, Livingstone, Duncan, Saunders Skewes; treasurer, Mr. D. Waters; auditor. Mr. J 'S. White; secretary, Mr. J. H. Champion; trustees, Messrs. Cross, Marsh, Waters, Smith, Egan. The ladies having 'handed round refreshments, a couple of hours were pleasantly spent in harmony and dancing.

Mr. T. Boss Walker, representing Messrs. Ed. {Jacobs and Sons, fruit brokers, London, is again on a visit to Western Australia. He left Perth recently to address meetings of growers at Bridgetown, Preston, Donnybrook, Boyanup, Harvey, Pin- jarrah, etc. Mr. Walker spent a fortnight in this State last September, on the invitation of tho Central Fruit- growers* Association, with the object of j interesting the local fruitgrowers in the

export trade ' and of disseminating infor- mation with regard to the" oversea markets and the way to get fruit up for disposal in them. Largely as a result of his visit some six or seven thousand cases of apples and pears were shipped to London and Hamburg, and, as may have been seen from the returns, the results exceeded all exudations, Western Aus-' tralian fruit realising many shillings a case higher than the bulk of that shipped ;

from thc Eastern States. He is now j here to fulfil a somewhat similar engage- j

went-'to that oí last year and to do what lie can to further develop the export trade from Western Australia.

A statement by the secretary " of

the Boyal Agricultural Society (Mr. ? Theo. R. Lows) suggested that fruit-

growers iu the State had not availed' themselves as they might have done of the opportunity of Sending exhibits of

their pronuoe to the fruit section which : had been added to the Boyal Hoi-se Par- ade now in progress. The president of the Western Australian Fruitgrowers' Association (Mr. Jacoby, M;L.A.), said that it* was all very well. to say that fruitgrowers had neglected an oppor- tunity, but it had to be remembered that they were a busy iieople, that [ they had little time just now for arrang-

ing exhibits, aud that moreover they had little to gain by sending in oxhibits ot all. If the Society, which had a paid staff as against the honorary staffs of thc various fruit societies, had approach I ed growers and guaranteed to make the growers had been approached iu that way. For the mere gain of a few certi- ficates it was not worth any grower's while going to the trouble and expense of sending down and arranging exhibits himself. Ho could get aHmg without

thc advertisement.

"Dalgety's Wool Review for 1909-10" says: 'Tho information tabulated hereunder, covering a period of yeàrs,*6howing the hum- ber of fleeces per bale and number of bales per 1,000 sheep, demonstrates how many moro bales are now filled by the wool from 1,000 head of sheep than was thc case, say, ten years ago. Compiled in accordance with latest sheep returns, the comparative state- ment referred to is as follows :

Year. No. of sheep No. of hales

and lambs' per 1,000

fleeces sheep, per bale.

1896- 7 . 59.65 16.75

1897- 8 ... 60,08 16.6* 1898- 9 .. .. .. .. .. 59.62 16.76 1899- 1900 . 57.95 17.25 1900- 1901.;.-.. .... 55.88 17.89 1901- 2 . 55.42 18.04 I 1902-3 . 51.36 ' 19.46

I 1903-4. .. '55.51 17.09 1904- 5 . 52.70 18.97

1905-6 .. ... 50.27 19.89 1906- 7 V .... .. 49.65 20.15 1907- 8 .. .. .. 51.72 18.97 1908- 9. .. 47.79 20.92 i 190910. 46.49 21.51

"These figures point to the improvement in the hocks brought about by careful culling and selection, but the decreased amount of wool now put in a bale is important."

"Dalgety's Wool Review for 1909-10," re- ferring to the results of the English Eales, states:-"Values for all and.every grade of wool have been ou a high plane, with the result that the average price per bale for wool sold in Australasian markets has been £13 12s. 2d., or £2 5B. 4d. more than in the previous year. The total value of the 1,889,745 bales sold has been £25,712,774; and even presuming that the portion of the clip which has been sent direct to London for sale has only made a like average, the net gain in wealth to Australasia from woo) alone will have amounted to

£33,128,496 as compared with

£25,950,912 for tho preceding year,

£28,768,952 for tho year 1907-B, and £29,685,740 in 1906-7.

"In over four years Australasia has ex- ported £115,534,100 worth of raw wool, in addition to well over £1,000,000 worth re- tained for consumption, and in these figures no allowance has been made for wool ex-

ported on skins, or in the form of,'tops,' i.e., wool partially manufactured. As a mat- ter of fact, the'monetary return from the exportable surplus of Australasian wool for the past year will be considerably greater than the figures quoted, for the simple rea- son that the proportion marketed in London will net considerably more per bale than that sold in Australasia, because the market has been a rising one, and also because the wools sent forward to London for sale con- tained a large percentage of scoured, and practically no farmers' wools or odds and ends o'f station clips."

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