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1 REMARKS ON THE ASSESSMENT ACT.
It is well known that Mr. Lutwyche has given a contrary opinion to Mr. Martin ; and we shall, therefore, content ourselves by quoting from the Morning Herald and Even- ing Mail. The Herald is, of course, in favor of Mr. Martin's opinion, and says
"The first thing for a Government to do is to observe its contracts in letter and in spirit. A good man, says a higher authority than Mr. Lutwyche, sweareth to his own hurt, and ehangeth not. It is only by this kind of morality that the world can be kept going. If anything is clear it is that the Assembly has gone beyond its powers in the Assessment Bill. A professional man may be found to argue on the other side for a fee, ana even a lawyer, in search of a place, may venture Ms-credit upon the legality of the bill, but we predict it will find no supporters in any other
There is no exultation about the tone of defeat ; but the Evening Mail seems to re-
joice in the difficulty presented to the squat-
"Abomshell has been thrown into the camp, and the squatters havo met to gather the frag-
ments. They maintain that the Assessment Bul
is illegal. They me.iu this-' We hold the peo- ple's lands, and they shnll not have a portion without a struggle.' Neither will they pay anything for thereof them, or for the support of the State, if they oan possibly get out of it. They do not mind paving for police, as they pro- tect thom when on tho station, and deter the ne« tives from running off with their sheep and cattle. Admit that the export is £15,000 or £16,000 in stook, which orosses tho border to Victoria (is it not nearer £60,000)! who gets the money P We'say the squatter. And what does he do with it ? The absurd sales of land by auction, gives him the opportunity of buying it up from the people, to lay idle in its* maiden state. One very gentlemanly speaker said that some of those who was opposed to their views, had perhaps Btolen the shirt on their backs, Where did the squatters, get their shirts ? We say from the backs of the people.
" Mr. Martin, the lato Attorney-General, who comes forth and tells the world of his hypo oracy, has given them an opinion which it appears meots their views ; and they will believo the inn-i who ñas sworn to do his duty to the colony, and who voted for the Assessment Bill in all its clauses ; and when ho found by his neglect of duty ho was about lo meet his deserts, if he did not resign lie would be kicked out, the idea susgesifd itself, I will uive my opinion that the Hill is illognl, and I shall muka money out of it. The Squatter, poor man ! is used badly when called upon to pay less than two-pence for the grass to rear one sheep, which, with carcase and wool is worth 15s. Ilo says he cannot afford it and will not pay."
We are very sorry when any language is
used which is calculated to excite rather than allay passion, and should regard any attempt to divide the classes of the colony into bitter wurfare as extremely unfortunate. The heavy fortunes made by the squatting inter- est-would lead any reflective mind to believe they could pay 2d per head for sheep, when Government has found them the means of multiplying the tax sixty fold.
Peter the Great's House at Deptford -It is a well-known historical fact that Peter the Great, Emperor of Russia, resided for some years in England, and worked at Doptford dockyard, in order to acquire a knowlodgo of ship building. The house in which ho rosided, and situate nt Hughes's fields, in the parish of St. Nicholas, has beon nearly demolished during the past week, by virtuo of an ordor mado under the Metropolis Building oot. As a relic of the past, this old building was interesting. The principal reception-room contained t>omo ex- quisite specimens of wood carving, and another portion of the building, which had ovidontly boon used as a chnpol, was fitted up with a curiously carved pulpit. For some yonrsbeforo.tho houso was condemned, it was occupied by a dust collector, who allowed a number of goats, of which he is tho owner, to havo undisputed possession of the apart mont formorly occupied by the Russian J-Jropoyori