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»¿ NOTES BY A GOLD SEEKER.'^ Mi-o
' <> ?. -i¡ iNb;-'n..'«ï, ..'-.« .."'>.-' -"--i
I wrote you last- finora the M'DonahL River/*'1 Since then I aove commenced in earnest the Iii« . of a Gold Seeker. This» creek runs through la* broken, mountainous country, having on its banka > all sorts of sou and' reeks, amongdt wbiohwhin- stone, granite, and schists predominate. Higher up quarts is said to »bound, bat at the present
diggings very little quarts is found, unless: larg» i masses of rock, which have evidently been melted and undergone the action of ure, aip such, which som« think is the case. , ,
.As yet gold has only been found in one láyerwof earth--« red loam. It'is found here in dust;* scales, aad small' nuggeta-^the latter about the , sita of duck and pigeon shot, flattened, and bear- ing evident marks of having undergone the action of fire. No doubt both the creek and the M'Donald
wiH.bereafler,(whéri paople arrivé in the colony-r sufliciejit ito Work'it), titra out a prolific gold field)') but at present H requires, more mep and 'moro'
experience to develops its'reaources." ; .lf *,* *" i The labour is' by no means hard-nothing/that' a boy of fifteen may not do ; but the'' washiiig ' requires some little skill, and moro than ordinary
care! ' The method,''as here' practised,' ii this .-" Twenty bushels of earth from the pit are first'run" through the cradle, one at a time1, plenty of water being constantly poured 'over, and the cradle kept' rocking, nntil the resida« left is reduced to'threc^ or four quarts of sand and gravel: °This is>théjn* put'Into the indispensable tin dish, and carefully
washed''until the whole'of the saud and1 gravel" are got rid of, and 'only the gold aad emery left. This part of tbejprobess is rather''exciting, and:
the busy miners often gather round'the washer, ti1" peep into the1 dishi It requires from three to five/ persons to Vork aeradle to advantage, and keen*
It gohigsteadily. ' « I' « " ' » I'
Mbonbi'Creek,' ' '! ? C.
November,StJk'i8Sl,t .< \ ' ,? '"."y-.J \ "
: ^l..^,,,M..Jl.wwÄ,ii,,;;riM */;, ' ,
,, lu fFrtm fin cccoaioaoi Camtpondeni.j
The existence1 of a gfold'fiéld'in this vicinity i* no longer doubtful? M< varioas parties have discovered the precious metal íñ. *» It« parity'/. The locale is. « Lord John's 'ftsvBsW*.' ort the 'station ; of ;Mr. George *&*&$? M.L.C.,kboat > tea'aalle* ¡froov thiaviUnue; and samples of she gebl- hare beete kent to % Leslie, in order la' ha '.b»wj»''tol<ïo, yermnsat, with; the* view of IsjdaeiAB/èfceUSkeoutiva ,to«eaa,' wítbónt -aa* «rehty, a seientife'geologist; to ¡iwne«tl aad repontax» the dÍg¿fo¿s.JÍThen»
many more orfefSa bj mteÄdW aaVtlw^toft from ' t^he saarekj of jobara io Worwk*; the *ip$ ¿S,H no1 equal to the deland for thee» article«,
'There is absutdaaee of water in tha creek« ^fornW
jing Lord John's Swamp), tribatorjeaJof !tbe tionV < < dártrfihe River, and takin^theirrise in tho'JffrVjSmt
fang*, which áboqnd¿Jirq«sftkTc^0yí8ÍniMr t»
ise reserve (tvfenty-j f¿7the growth of a1 ground, and immense
grewt^ofallkinâVof fam.pioduoe^twitb <a conmaratiiMy small amount of>bour,oo;*¿ooont of foítrg veryJjBghtly timf }»3ffî&ffi^&*PT theJKome of hun-
dreds of ..tradesmen and agriculturists, who will ftu4i1plen.fcy'tof, employers and ! oonsamefs among the <KHiooursa of .gold diggers which such ¿ifisldi »»¡willjsooa beprorad: to exist will «mgregatein tbia vicinity. < Ijannex a feport'>of the meeting.! One vei. thai greajtoatoadvantagai that' Darling' Dawns presents to iutending diggers-is the mag-' nificent climate, more equable than any other), pn tbei colony.. Neither winter frosts nor sommer sun will' militate against the operations ¿f the> , dígaos: .ihibtujHout,the yeaf wiJJ they unceas-
ingly eoniinue ; their,Jabour«, lhlng in tents or bark, guayas, without inconvenience or suffering from the effect* of climate. -,.,, A ". -,
The¿wekion'which tKegoW'W been disco rïred are upessible to driysV a good road. .The richest part yet, kriowrf líes within half-a-mile of thelnain line of road from Tenterfield to Warwick -unlike many diggings) whe4 j pack animals alone can be »»eoYto, transport the necessaries of life to thenersons employed on the fields. . j¡ f >?
Jue original discovered of the existence, of} gold in íhis district was. Mr. A.. & M*Arthur, who for- warded specimens of "the quarts from'Lord John's Swamp to the Rev. W. B. Clarke, who extracted gold fron) it, and sent the results to Mr, M'Arthur. Messrs. Alphen, Thompson,' and Murray, have fol- lowed! up Mr. M>Arthur's discovery with great energy and perseverance, and it is to them we are indebted for the ¡certainty of a gold field on Dart ling Downs., A petition to the Governor-General has been signed by upwards of sixty freeholders and householders io Warwick, praying his Excel» Jene/ to "send » scientific geologist, w jth as little delay as possible, to assist in the "development of tho'gold field. The petition has been for h arded
to the member for the district.
iA meeting was held at Warwick on Wednesday, the 12th inst., when the following resolutions were passed unanimously, and subscriptions entered into for the purpose of forming the necessary fund. As the persons now digging are merely prospect- ing for the purpose of proving that gold not only exists, hut is widely spread over our district, it tvould be hard that they should have to pay their own licenses,1 until they settle down to dig for profit t and jt therefore is only an act of justice on the part of the non-prospecting population to contribute towards the lund. The inhabitants of Warwick have come forward handsomely, and ¡t is
hoped "all persons connected tsitn the district will ik^ the saraef Tjje, first resolution, proposed by Patrick Leslie, Esq., J.P., and seconded by Mr. M? Birkraan, was, " That subscriptions be entered into 'for the purpose of forming a fund, to be placed. In ¿he hands of a committee, from which will* be* paul one month's license for .three mon employed with each'cradle in prospecting forgold within 'the police district nf Warwick: provided such parties find themselves sufficient topis and rationvsnd biàd themselves ia dig during tile full ' month for which the license is paid.» The second resolution was proposed by Mr. Flerayig, end seconded by Mr. Collins-"That the surplus fund (aftort paying the,Uceases) be divided into two prises (one double tíje amount of the other), to be given to the first and second parties, respsor tively, who shalTdiscover gold in auch quantities aa will pay for working.*' The third resolution was proposed by Mr. A. H. Mcarthur, and second* ed by Mr. Walker-"That Messrs. Johp Bowen, H. E. Shanklin, and William Craig do form a committee, tor the purpose of ascertaining what parties shall have their licenses paid, amhalso to receive subscriptions towards the ¿und." *Nor. 14, 1851.
^Ematum.--An error of some importance oc- curred it» our report of the Circuit Cbqrt proceed- ings, ^in our last.,. It was stated that Mr. John Clune was discharged on Ibis own recognisance ; but it should have been, that he was discharged from bia recognisance, The error was not detected until the paper was printed,
Mabket ELBCïi0N,-rThe election of five com- missioners to manage the proposed Brisbane mar ketiis fixed to take placo on Monday next, ut the Courthouse, between the hours of nine and three. Each qualified elector will be required to deliver to the-presiding officer a ticket, with the names of the i persons for whom he intends to vote written thereon, provided that no more names are to be written than there are commissioners to be elected. This ticket must be signed by the elector, and writ bo handed by the presiding officer to the scrutineers, who will declare the result of the election..-We have been informed that tho fol-
lowing gentlemen would be willing to act as commissioners of the market, it elected .-Messrs. It little, G. F. Poole, H. Buckley, John Ocock, J. Swan, A. Eldridge, and it. Cribb. There may bà many other" persons willing to act, whose names have not reached us. j \ ?> '
* School or Abts.-Lectube.--From an ailver tiskmdntin/mother column, it will be seen that Mr Purefoy has undertaken to deliver a lecture in the hallet the Brisbane School of Arts, for the benefit pf that institution," nott Monday evening. We have observed that Mr. Puréfoy hassal way s buen willing to1 give his valuable assistance for purposes pf this kind, during his visite to Brisbane ,' pud, it i« to be hoped that a large' attendance wil| prove that the inhabitants feer at )e*sttes great an interest in locaTatfairs as 'the gentlemen who has so kindly offered to lecture on ,thUloccasion. '
* doVDfc^A¿**/>>»^ mit,
waf,eomBdtte4/to toke kfertrj$)>t ita* ntxtChS m&W» )m*9Wmato&i^ Revalue
|p«^Í#W- tJmmSSfW-asîeàphweîas a
mvtjr o^the pecuuaes, eos had apparently effected an antrauen into tbe-*tor*,by .rtu)oytng a slab««
garoo, in the «teamër^/»^^^
jandreturiea to\ovm''by1thVs«nie.vessd yëwttday.J
^CaAMi^f>'BtÈàim^Aniawirlim^M^ AH«, a tickei^f-leav» bolder bribe fkïrioatort,' has been' itt custody of the BrisUa« Pol^daring ¡tb^ past, vreek; charged with .teabngoiri^ arti-, ichA i d' we-arihg àjjparél front a carpet fha& ¿be 'property ¿Í'Mrr»anly ,Çhief YKnsfftbhj(ofTkHß' to,í. lV prisoner stands remanded, for further ertniinationítW'TlBesdi^inístl^ -' . «* s * ,
. Murders at tas BiJiCB«.-r-Weleartifirbm Mr.!
Frederick 'Bracker,tba*itherint«UigenV«f. the' murder* of Mr. A>saaoW^. W two of Mr.
Coott.»s men,'as reobrted 'in bet Xipptemint of ' Mendal week,' k W^trm^MrT^to^as «ino ving fr^tó but staion ootheüawsonrrver;
where two of his men wera k'ulad, and the dray ; waa ^ charge of Mr: Boss, when a large Bamber of natives atiaekedhfml and he soon Tell under theft mironWwtiksaalt^Tbe two meri.who were 4 wHh him «acaped and gave information to Mr. ,Gotittywoof immediately, with awiirtaiioe, ^ «it,
'for iba parpase of securing the dray^and'sàptJies, ' The Wooka «ere very hostile, and werermusfejring1 ingteat force, in the riöinitrof'tbe Dawson, '
' - AwRoratATip.H or tbx Opt© BKvcKtrE,*~Onr ' space has recently'been'ao'fiul/OBcnpJed. that^no;
cppbrtnnityJhas offered itself hitherto fop more | 'than ^passing mention'of Mr. .Donaldson's bold , 'stand in'the Legislative Council'on the 29th of the
last month,' against thj prseu toed attempt of the ' Ooverament'to levy addrtionarantributions on the
general «Venue: In the1 financial minute of his I Excellency the Governor-General it was stated that certain sams ' of» mbnëyhad been .expended, and would be required Tor the taext year, to meet the increase'in salaries made "necessary by the dtsooveryfbftbeigold fields; but no mention Was made of any intention to give the Couaetl;a con-, trool over the, fonds arising Iron, that discovery.; Mr. Donaldson ^therefore proposed )a resolution, pledging the House 'to refuse any'money rotes for, snob1 ft fltttpoêe, unless it was'allowed some influ- ence in, appropriating the said funds'. ( Nothing could be plainer than the ' abstract justice or this principle ; bat it'derived additional force and con- séquence from the foot that all ©ontroul «ver the territorial revenue had been rigidly withheld from the Council, and it became'of the utmost impor- tance to mark the opinion of that body upon this additional attempt.' Mr. Donaldson supported bis resolution ¡n'a very effective speech :-" He hoped that they would this bight take advantage of their position; and make one effort to pin) a stop U» this, abominable spstem of double government under', which they were suffering-to prevent thi« miser- ably oppressive separation of the general from the territorial revenue-to do away with this system, of 'irresponsible p$wer and irresponsible patronage with which'jt invested the Government. By doing this they would only be doing their doty to Uunj constituents-they Would' be freeing'them from a charge mode upon the revenue watch they con- tributed for th<> government'of, the 'country/ for a purpose which immensely enhanced the value of tbe territorial revenue, 'over which they bad no contröul. There was so much justice in this demand, that it really seemed'impossible to him that any answer coula be made to it." The equity of, his argument was illustrated by fact« and figures which could net bVgainaaid, and, after an eloquent peroration <!' the resolution was r seconded by Mrr Lamb, and the Colonial-Secretary rose to reply. That officer of course 'made the best'he could of tbe cause be was there to support, but, as Mr, LitraV oWtxxt in replying to bim, Mhe had touched upon every subject but the amendaient ef the honourable member for'Durham." The House divided, when,'as before' reported,'Mr. Donaldson's amendment was carried by a majority of 85 to 11. The following were tbe members who voted : For the amendment, Messrs^ Donaldson, Holroyd, Bicfaardsoij, Oakes, Cowper, 'Jones, Jeffrey«, Bow« man, J. Moeartbur, Wefltworth, Holden, Martin, Chisholm, A. Osborne, Bligh, H. Osborne, Bet tington, Smart, W. .Macarthur; Allen, .Lamb, Parker, Cant. King, Capt. Dumaresq, and Dr. Douglass. Against it, The Solicitor-General, Chief Com. Crown Lands, Collector ;of Customs, Popt master-Ge^flb.lnsip/sctor Gen. of Police, Auditor General, Col. Secretary, Attorney-General,..; Cob Treasurer, and Messrs. Broadhurst and ? Berry. Tbe aunounceBiènt of the «suit of the division ; was received with'loud cheenif. / , . ,".
Coi/oniai, Pródücs.--The last, annual 'circulai', of Messrs. Mort aiid Brown; dated November 1st, announces thesomewhat startling fact,' that the exports of wool for the year ending 31st October, 1851, had decreased by the large/number of/2509 bales, as compared with the export« of thepre-: ceding year. This/ftct/Messrs. Mort;and Brown attributei tothe lightnessof the fleece, the les« quantity of skin wool, and perhaps the quantity. ; ofl bales.'/theil', âffoat ./iii, Sydney / harbour ; fon
? they déclare.-that the number of\ sheep had, «pt diminished. Tallow had also fallen off in quan ?tity by^tóícítóks^ ;Tbis appears to have, been expected, from #tbe dryiiess^of the season. 325() .blues lessthan.in the previous year were exrwte^ in the/year'ended/^^
¡areslightly ^assisted bythe less quantities of; pro» duce imported ^^m
The fulling off jh this respect last, year, as com-; Kred, with the/'¡year before, was as follows-loo
les wool and 20 casks tallow ;/ but in bides there was an,increased import to(¡be extent of.701» sé that nearly all the déoreáse arises from 0 falling off i« dome^fc production. Messrs, Mort apd Brown cautiop; settler« ágainstí branding cattle, deeply op the sides ; they rtîcomipead branding ion the iieçk,: ' Tb* following abstracts of price«, ! realised jat¡their auction »ale« during the last year ! may be, useful for inference:-SDâTioies of wool,
over Is 4d per IB. V 1047 do do, 1« 3d to 1« 4d do ; 1892 do'do, is 2d to Is, 3d .do,';, IÇfrf do do. 1« ; Id to js-jíd ;; 787do¿6¡ Is^to'lsldY 2*1 do; do! 1 Id to 1« ; 167 do do, lOd to 1 Id ; 182 do do,, 9J to lOd; 253do do, 6d W.9d; 69 dodo, 6d and inn/der^Kr^
4d fo 6di-^tallow,.; 741 cask's,: over30« per cwt.j
* m!'j'«', ¡x^'adi LÍL ««4.Í.'Lt- .*'«lin -li ««¡J: i'i'«ùi 'il*'" V.
".»? »TV .*.' , T.T . ,-» -,"-|., « «j;*.."»?.'. r*w.f»,w, |^.>;JW.-7^TJJI1»^» j
18,992, from 5s to 8s 6d each-averaging 6« 6d.
..jMaltbANP EfeosJvs^Tbe MoiíiáHd'Métcvry imUiihe» ita nsaal acpoaat of ibe export« fro«I the Hunte? diitrict dúriugí^théQuarter fended on tbe
30th of ! Ssptoinber/laat.^ Wa ebstrajrt the /fbllo^ ' iu^f ..: woo), 325 bales,-128,300 lbs; vghie ¿4,704'V tallow^ 314 tons/l&awt*value^50»|às^?ÏTbte deei^jhi^e/.ëxp^^w^
the correiptodmg eeason"?;oX¿ the, iimvwjis. year,
amountedAo 1 isVbate«; «'^
to £134,005. beni«K'8tbëeïpwfÈ'of 'tweed'
Newcastle,; Takiogfthi«:articleiatsaosoent;the whple >-eer> expopt«^ to, the 30th.-of ;«>pt*»nbar last, were valued at ¿881,6504.. besides/direct sbipments to England, «nd to other à)lohies> //