BRITISH AíÑD FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
'New s'.froto'England to the-4th;June'i»a*Hobart: Tów'rí ha's reached this 'colonV. "''The following'
are the only interesting items : - , f ,;", . -. ,
^THeVQueeiv/-Prince''-Albert,, and the Royal .Eámily^íwere, lately sojourningràt Claremont, and in. the enjoyment of their* usual* health^ Her Majesty completed her. twenty-eighth -year, on the
'24tb'.May. The ¡Queeh'Siacobuchment was'ex-':
pected in August'.''41 ' ' '" ' - ,..',-.,
. );;T;he '? state'* of * Ireland was- undergoing' some marked improvements. Still, wi'th the exception of Dublin, which -keeps free Jrom very extensive disease, the provinces'continue^to suffer from the
pestilence (,was "iny some' parts 'somewhat stayed
1 and' it: was,1 hoped 'the manifestations of sympathy
which we're successively reaching the Irish from all'pàfts of 'the'gibbé, would help, to revive their moral energies, as well as assist in the restoration. - of their bodily powers.
Y .The;privations of Scotland «were also diminish-
ing,) but/there wasstilL an alarming amount of. fever in ,,Edinburgh and- the populous towns; Fever and other diseases had begun to appear also in the densely-crowded by-lanes and alleys of Berwick. The better classes of workmen employed on railway works were receiving wages which' enabled them to bear up. against such high prices as lid. for the 41b.ïoaf, and gd.-or 9d. per lb. for butcher, meat ;, but large, numbers of ,the* popula- tion could not obtain anything like1 a sufficiency of .the necessaries of life, and hence the origin of dire'thsoase. ' Opportunely, enough the good citi- zens of Boston had senta charitable cargo of grain to "Glasgow for the use of the destitute Highlanders and islanders of! Scotland, valued at 50,000 dollars,' , .? , '
- , .^Upon the continent of Europe, the exigencies of
the times liad caused governments and municipal bodies to adopt measures wholly unprecedented. In, an Assembly General of the Members of the Council of the city of Amsterdam it Jias been de «clared 'that the price of rye bread "should be fixed at a moderate figure, and that, for the future, any ' advance in the charge for (this description of
' bread will not be authorised. /The price fixed is'
fourteen cents per five ounce's.., The bakers have .v. received -from the municipal board an indemnity
.against loss from the arrangement.
,. Half the secret .of Captain Warner's long range is out at last'; "it is now known that the vehicle of the, captain's destructive explosives is a .balloon of 1 tiie""*ordinary construction, and tliat the only re- maining secret is the arrangement by which the «xplosives aré made to descend 'at the particular ,- time and distance required. ,
- ' From tlie 27th December, 1846, to 21th April,
1847-not four months-not less than 2103 per . .sons died in the Cork Union Workhouse.
Dr. Chalmers, the celebrated leader of, the Scottish Free Church,-is dead. . >
,, A general election was anxiously looked forward tb, and already the candidates were in the field.
\ The Earl of Eglinton has been unanimously elected Dean of Faculties in the University of , Glasgow for the ensuing year-, in lieu of Lord Meadowbank, whose tenure of office had expired. - A singular case has bean decided in the Ad- miralty, Court. It appears that £20 is paid for a «lead pirate, and only £5 for a live one. Captain Sir E. Becher, in the Samarang, was attackeu by Malay pirates, and'killed 330 of them, and took 980 prisoners; for the one lot he gets £7,600; for the other £4,900. ' .
Besides .the surrt of ' £2,000,000 sterling, in- vested ,tiy the Emperor of Russia in the French funds'/he lias expressed a determination to invest ¿£4,500,000, principally in English securities. -This measure he has been enabled to take in con-
sequence of issuing bank notes secured by go- vernment, and* the increased produce of the Ural and Siberian, gold mines. The funds rose 1 per
cent, when this announcement was made on
Change. The object of the Emperor is to loose a quantity of British capital for tlie purchase of jj ram- from the south of Russia. , , ,
í&y. Cobden was feted at Florence by the wealthy merchants of that city. His progress has been tiuite a "triumph through the mercantile cities of continental'Europe.
The Queen of Spain and her husband are still at variance.' She had* repelled with scorn some demands he had'the insolence to address to her under the influence of a faction, inclined to France. A temporary reconciliation had taken place, but had again been broken through'. He threatened, her with the army. She said, with the spirit of her mother, that one word more, and she would mount her horse, appeal to the troops as Spaniards and gentlemen, and then her enemies might have to dread the results.' ' Her Majesty is imbued with a strong anti-Gallican spirit. While driving"
..through the streets a double-barrelled pistol was . discharged at her, but missed. She continued her <lrive undaunted. The man was apprehended. She refused to allow the government influence to he used in any manner, but left him to be dealt with in the ordinary course of law.
We subjoin the principal events at Epsom-the Derby, worth £5,250, the Oaks, £4,125,;-The race for the Derby was won in two minutes and fifty-two seconds.
The Derby Stakes of 50 sovs. each, h. ft., for ' three-year olds ; colts, 8st". 71b.; fillies 21b.;
the second to receive 100 sovs. out of the stakes ; " the winner to pay £100 towards the police re * gulations of tlie course. 188 subscribers.
Mr. Pedley's Cossack', by Hetmán Platoff
(Templeman). 1 Mr. Bouverie's War Eagle (W. Boyce). 2 Lord Eglinton's Van Tromp (J. Marson)_ 3 The'Oak Stakes of 50 sóvs. each, h. ft., for three ,, y ear, old fillies; 7st. 71b. each; «ie owner of
the.second filly to receive 100 sovs out of the stakes, and the winner to pay 100 sovs. towards .the.police regulations of the course. Last mile
, and a half. 152 subs.
Sir J. Hawley's Miama (Templeman). 1
Mr. Payne's Clementina (Nat)... 2 Mr. BowLE's Ellerdale (J. Marson)... 3
At Ascot,where Her Majesty attended in person, Miama was twice beaten. First for the Coronation, when she car ried 7lbs. extra as winner of the Oaks", by Lor"d Exeter's Cosachia, a mare no where in the former.races, and'by Red,Hart and Swallow, for thc'Welcome Stakes. Cossack cantered over for tlie Swiuley. ,.*".,
-/.«The Scotsmen of New Orleans have^contributed £ IO 13' 3s. 8d.'towards tlierelief of the-Higlilands arid'Islands of their native country.,i\,¿\i a t <
The'/ Government" liaVe (Undertaken"' in-right« earnest tocolonise the, middle*island of ¿New Zea« land orr an^ extensiveJseàkvand 'a loan^sto^bè advanced to the New/Zeäländ Company.for that purpose.* " "', ! \>¿ c tVh ~4i-^nf
;v In the'House ofJÇommçns, on the. 3rd of ¡J.un^j a long discussion took -place on the ministerial measures forf the punishment and reformation^
criminals. In the com se of the debate Sir George Grey gave the following exposition of the"course intended'to be pursued-with criminals sentenced to be transported :-?" The decision to which the Government had come, was that «the first period of punishment of'the convicts hitherto sentenced" to -transportation-that is the strictly penal period should ¡not be passed in a distant colony, but in England,!or so near to it, as to obviate the evils arising'from the'aggregation of masses of con- victs. ,, Government did not intend materially to affect the latter period ol their sentence. During the first »period the reformatory system of disci- pline now enforced in Penbnville prison would be applied to5 all such convicts as were sufficiently young and healthy to undergo it. The power of granting conditional pardons at the close'of that period, would still be îetained by the Government i but it was intended to remove the hulk of the convicts, first to Bermuda and Gibialtar, where they would remain employed on the public works for a certain time, and» then to the Australian colonies, where they would become holders or tickets:of-leave, or of conditional pardons; as might be thought fit, and would be placed in every respect in the same condition as the convicts now theie, witiv this exception, that they "would have gone through a reformatory instead of a demoralising system of discipline. Whilst dis- cussing this part of the subject, he informed Mr. Ewart, who ,had put the*question to him in an early part of the evening, that m the sense in which it had hitherto been taken, it was not the intention of the Govemmeut to resume the practice of transportation to Van Diemen's Land, and that any arrangements for the readmission of convicts into that colony would be matter for future serious
United Presbyterian^ Church.-The Banff shire Journal, of May 25th, says-" The com- mittee appointed yesterday to converse with Dr. Lang reported that they Had a long and pleasant conversation with him that forenoon ; had received much valuable information 'from him respecting Australia ; were highly gratified with his candour and openness ; and were of opinion that Australia presented an extensive and 'interesting field for missionary labour, which it was desirous the Synod should occupy, provided that other arrangements would admit. It was agreed to remit the whole matter to the Mission Board to report in October."
^General Assembly of theJÖhurcii of Scot- land.-The report on Colonial Churches having been read by the Rev. Dr. Clarke, on the 21st May last, and several members having spoken, it was moved by the Rev. Professor Hill, and unani- mously agreed to, " that the General Assembly highly approve of the report, and of the proceed- ings of the Committee, and request the Moderator to convey to the venerable the Convener, aud through him to the Committee, the grateful sense which they entertain of his long and valuable ser- vices, and of the continued, and through the bless- ing of Almighty God, the successful exertions of tlie Committee, re-appoint the Committee with full powers, and in particular empower them to make arrangements for a deputation to proceed forth- with to British America. That the Assembly are so much-gratified to learn that the Synod of Aus- tralia, by a very large majority, have resolved to
maintain their connexion with the Established
Church of Scotland, and cordially renew their re- lation with the said Synod-instiucting the Colo- nial Committee to enter into friendly correspond- ence with the Synod of Australia, and to offer them such friendly advice and aid as it may be in their power to give. The Assembly further recommend to the probationers of the Church, to direct their views to the field of labour ¿that opens up to them in Australia and Canada, as one of great import- ance, and holding out the fairest prospect of ex- tensive usefulness."-North British Mail,'May
22. ' - ' >