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MEDICAL ITCro.. t.

(From tho Government Gazette, May 14. J

. Sin, — Wo hnve the honour to acknow ledge thu receipt of your communication of the Gib instant, conveying thu request of his Ettcelluncv this Governor. ' that ho

tni»iit he lurnislu-il with any information whitih the Medical Board might possesB, as to Ihe prevalence of sickness at the pre sent time in tho town of Sydney, und also usMo whether thu Board 'considered any thing could bo done by the Government for its alleviation.' In directing onr consideration to thu important subject of hU Excellency's com munication, wo be«j most rospiictfully to state, that ns the duties of the Medical Board aro confined solely to thu uxami tui- tion and tagislrution of the testimonial* of qualification of parties desirous of being enrolled n.s legally qualified Modical Pinc tilioncra, tho -ma'tlor referred to by \\U Kxeellency hns never come before us ns a Medicil Board ; but, ns some of thu mem ber.'), in their individual capacity, have had an opportunity of becoming conversant with the general state of health of the inhabitants of the town of Sydney, we do ourselves the honour of submitting, for tho information of his KxculltMicy, this following brief nud uccussuiily hurried observations in regard to it. 1st. It is und'Miiuble that an unusual amount both ofsiukness and mortality, has, for some' time past, prevnilud, and still exists, in the town of Sydney. 2nd I)'. That the condition abovn referred to us a fleeting the slate of health of the. inhabitants of Sydney, in a grent measure depends upon Iheuxistence of 'Scurlatina' or ' Searlot Fever,' a disease of a specific nnd conlngious character, usually mani festing itself only oncrt during the ljife timo of nu individual, and which, from its never having previously appeared in thu Colony, must, we apprehend, owe its origin to sumo exterior source. 3rdly. That the existence of this disenso was first brought under out notice (nud we believe made its first appearance in the Colony) about tho commencement of tho present year — that nt tho period above mentioned it was .almost exclusively con liuud to tho north-western parts of the town of Sydney, but that it has since ex tended itsolfin every direction, and is now, we believe, prevailing in mahy parts of the country. ?lthly. That tho extreme prevalence of tho disease in tho Colony, may, in n great measure, be accounted lor, by the circum stance, that a laige propoition of its in habitants has for the first lime been ex posed to its influence; ami thu probable increase on the average mortality arising from the same disease, ns observed in Eu rope, may bo explained by reference to the generally acknowledged law, governing thu dill'ii^iou of contagious disorders, viz, — that, they are always more fatal on their first introduction to Countries, where their iulluuiice had never previously been expo lieiiccd. -Sthly. In allusion to that part of his Excellency's communication, which refers to the steps which the Government might possibly take for the removal, or alleviation of the prevailing sickness, we regret to .say, t)iat we consider no measures which I hi) Government could adopt, would hnve any decided influence upon the progress of thu disease). As it is gentfially believed, however, that most diseases of a contagious character. are apt to assume a more or less malignant aspect, according to circum st miens, which liuvo a general influence on the health of Ihe community, such ns the duo^tipply of water, nn effectuul drainage, the removing of nil decaying or lefuse ani mal and vegetable matter, and the avoid ance of too grunt a concentration of the population in crowded and close lanes and alleys ; wo would most respectfully sug gest, that it can only be. by the e.stublish tneut of some municipal or legislative en actments, whereby llio Police of the town might, in pitch particulars, bo regulntetl, that thu health of the inhabitants can hero alter bo influenced, and the progress of any future epidemic, or contagious disorder, either mitigated or arrested. Other causes, frt-quently assigned us tending to produce, or aggravate epidemic, or contagious diseases in Europe, and ns creating a more than usual susceptibility to their influence^viz. — thoso arising from poverty, insufficient or unwholesome food, insufficient clothing, or unheallhy occupa tion, wu believe ciin have bad no influence whatever on tho disense now prevalent. The lower runks of this inhabitants of Syd ney seen by no means to have been a fleeted in a greater degree, or in undue proportion, by the prevailing disorder, over tho other cusses of the community ; a circumstance arising, in ull probability, from thu high r.ito of remuneration for labor, the sulli cicucy and reasonable price of food, and their ability to command a large share of the comforts and necessaries of lifu. In concluding these necessnrily brief nnd imperfect remarks upon the subject of Mis Excellency's communication, wo would take thu liberty of adding our conviction of the paramount importance of a strict enforce ment of ull Quarantine regulations. We are led to tillorthis observation, moro particularly from tho circumstance of our having recently learned that 'smallpox' is prevailing to a great extunt at the Mnu litius, with which island this Colony is in frequent communication ; coupled with the fuel, that at Ilia present time thero are no means of affording the inhabitants of tho Colony tlio protecting advantages of vacci nation ; and we need not add, that tho in troduction of the small pox, under the clr cumstuuc.es hero pointed out, would bo much inure serious iu its consequences, nn d in all probability attended by a much larger amount of mortality, than that which has accompanied thu existing or tiny pre vious disease. We urn, Sir, your ino*t obedient Servants, J.V.THOMPSON, Deputy Inspector Gennrul chas. Nicholson, m. d. v. l. wallace, m. d. To the Honorable tho Colonial Secretary.

nr-Timi. Service — Tho Bethnl nervtce, which wnn nnnounced to bo held on board the Sir Willlnm Wiillnce, to-morrow foro noon, li postponed till tho following Sab bath, owing to Its liuvlug boon found Im prnctlcabli) to hove the atrangumonts com plrited in the fitting of It up in lime. Due notice will ho given next week ns to Hib Momineticiiinent of regulur Bnthel services on board of this ship, Wh request the publlo to bnar In mind that boiub of tho ebullient portions of tho Cnmpordown estnta will bo oflVreil for competition on' Monday next. They urn thoso situated on tho blow of tho hill, and nru thu putts of tho estate nonrost to Svdnoy. A Humorous ntlHiidnuoe of bld durn In' looked fort at the huiiio tlmn wo hnvu to obnurvo that thl* plot of IiiutlTs tixuullimtly wull laid out for ooUhijbh, ami eiitorprUlng persons uould not expend cupltul In n better vltuntlon,

Tne Cumbeflaud Hounds had a brilliant ?un on Tuesday last. Fonnd near Minchin jury, and wont away over'Mr Hayes' land towards ; tha South (Jreek, making a circuit through Ei'sklnu Park, nnd back through Lockwood Iloisloy, and Mr Smith's clear, where tht'y viewed him, pug running very strong; thence through Bigluy 'sand Terry's Ituid into tliti cleared paddocks iitWnllgrove, wheru thuy viewed him again, shewing evi dent signs that the pace was too fust to hold much longer. Crossed the creek ngnin, taking nuolher circuit through Te.txv's lund, nnd turning through Wallgrove to t'he Western Road, which ho crossud near Dunne's into Bungurinbbee j viewed him again crossing the cultivation, nnd ran into him iu gallant style between Bungnrrabbue uud IIill-cuil. 'Tho distance was about eighteen miles, ovur a fino open forest country ; thu pace very severe, without a single cheek. Thero was no mistuko about thu feneps, most of which were raspers,' and no time to look for weak rails. Tho hounds behaved uncommonly well. — Cor- respondent. The Estate of Kingsgrove was brought to the hammer by Mr. Stubbs yesterday. The quantity sold contained about600   acres, which realised £6000. Lici:nsi;s —Tho adjourned Sessions of Magistrates, iu reference to doti:riiiining on public-house licenses for the town nuil neighbourhood of Sydney, concluded their labours on Tuesday, on which occasion tho Principal Superintendent of Police ordered thn Chief Constable to bring into the oflice such of tho police ns could be spared from their duty. ? Captain Inncs spoko ns fol lows :?— Mr Mitchell, I think it right now that the Sessions are over, and it is deter mined who shall and who shall not have licenses, that I express myself in a clear and distinct manner as to my views and wishes in reference to the conduct of public-house licenses. I do so publicly. I prefer this course, because I am of opinion, that too much publicity cannot be given to this sub ject, whether you disseminate my remarks through your subordinates, or whether yon adopt the course of making my remarks known to the public, through the medium of the Press. Last year there were 154 licensed houses; there are 145 this; consequently there is a reduction. I have been accused of being an enemy to publicans, and lend ing myself to injure them in their property. This I deny. So long as I sit in this chair and am Superintendent of Police, I will at all times respect the licensed victualler. He 0ught to be an auxiliary to the Police. I would have publicans to respect them selves, and be assured they shall be re spected by me ; I will set my foce against everything like entrapping them in the way of informations; I will not harrass   them, nor will I suffer the Police to do so;   I would like to see the Sydney Licensed Victuallers, what they are for the greater part, a highly respectable body; I mean, in reference to their position and ac quaintance with the Police. Each and every publican is, in his own right, a special constable, and therefore he must regard himsslf as an auxiliary to the Police. I took occasion, on Thursday week, to make some remarks on this sub     ject, and I only iterate what I before said. I will not annoy the publicans. They shall not be annoyed, Mr Mitchell, by your constables, in the low way of hunting out informations. At the same time, I tell you, the publicans of Sydney shall be subservient to the Police ; they know the terms on which they obtain their license, and if they do not like those terms they can retire from it. None but men of reputable, indeed, unexceptionable cha racter, are fit to hold a license, and what I would wish to impress on those to whom licenses are granted for the ensuing year, is to conduct their houses in that way which the Licensing Act provides for; I would warn them to be most scrupulous not to depart from the letter; for be assured, I will spare no invention ; there is no trick I will not use; no stratagem I will not have recourse to, in order to suppress this Sun day service and in rooting out slygrog-shops. But you publicans respectable [sic], and I pro mise you shall be respected. Despise this hint, and you will find my Police at your door. The Court was densely thronged during the delivery of these observations, and at its close, there was nearly an empty Court, people going out and talking the speech over. A Gentleman who arrived in town yes tnrdny, from Hunter's River, by the steamer Victoria, hns obligingly favoured us with some particulars of news. Tho Victoria was deeply laden with wool, tho produce of the neighbouring sheep-wnlks of tho Hunter. The passage from Nobliy's to Sydney was performed (says this Gentle man) within nine hours, notwithstanding a high head sea, and a wind blowing iu nu adverse direction. 'The Rose started nt the snino hour. It was n chnsu along the coast, in which tho skill of the commanders wure brought into full play. Tho respeclivo oflicerii exercise. 1 all the tact und nuutlcal skill of which they were masters to mnkx progress ; and no stratagem wns wanting, from (heir knowledge of tho currents, and the shaping a short course for thu Heads of Port Jackson, that an experienced coaster could devise. At ono lime, the steamers were abreast. The docks of both vessels wore crowded. Tho company of tho Vic toria wero enthusiastic on thn occasion of tho grunt way mado by this favourite) vessel ; and, on reaching thn Heads, nfter a hard struggle, gnve the Roso three cheers. It appears that the Hunter's River Auc tion Company has suspended payments. Soveral correspondents have nuiteiUn stat ing to us, that tho snmo cause which has brought the Sydney Auction Company into such a critical position, nnmely, misman agement, coupled with the existing pres sure for money, has operated in this concern niso. The affairs of the Hunter's River Company are to be wound up as speedily as possible ; and our r atlers will have per ceived, by advertisement, thut a meeting is to be hel'd on the 1st of June to take into consltlorntlon tho above purposa. The Company have, in the said advertisement, Informed the world thnt, as they have failod In establishing a cattle market, thuy nre ' unable to offer sucmity to tho public for sales effected.' Suoh bulug thu cane, the sooner tho Company Is dissolved the button Wo have to acknowledge tho receipt of a copy of Mr Nathan's interesting memoirs of Mtidnme Malibran de Huriot, This tract Is n warm tribtitu to tho memory of tho ?' Queen of Song.' It contains u contiso account of her professional llfi% nnd the brilliant Incidents connected with It. Tho account of her fuuurnl nt Muuohustur Is hIho oxnMlv Hinted, We do not, however, find tliut Mr N. has appended any notlcu of what linn ulwnys nppeurud to us nn net of, to Hny tho liinst of it, much ludollcncy, numolv, the exhumation of hor remains, and tliulr transmission to tho ohseuru burliil ground of LAokon In Belgium, whom thuy woro ngnin deposited, iilnn I under very dif niiciit clreutnBtiinctiH from those- which ut fitudtul hnr English Bopulliiru. MrN«tlmn'n book, iiuvuithulus*, Is an Inlorosttng pul'IU cntloii j and, wo huvi) no doubt, will meet with n ready Bale Iu Sydiiuy,

A prospectus has been sont tous, from' London, oT an ' East India Cotton Com pany.' The objects proposed hy the Com pany nre, to render Groat Britain - hula, leudent of America for her cotton supplies by encouraging the cultivation of Ihe aultoti plant iu India, on nn extensive scale. Tho matter is of great importance to the Mothor Country, but does not. concern onr Colonial interests, further than that it is quite cer tain, thnt, in the northern districts of Aus truliii, the abundant growth of this valuabln nrticlo of export might be encouraged with, undoubted success, and with very great profit to the enterprising cultivator. At the stores of Messrs Jouhert nnd Murphy, an interesting trial of the advan tages of tho Dngiiurrotype was made on' Thursdny, nt which we wero present, nnd received' the politest attention nt the hands of tho gentlemen who conducted the expo rirnonj. Our readers will 1m» nwnro that this instrument is thu recent invention of M. Daguerre, a Frenchman, who, ufter many years study, has succeeded in per fecting it. By menus of the transmission of. tho sun's rays upon a plutu of glass, lined with a chemical solution, n faithful picture is formed, upon n small scalu, of any landscape required. This picture remains permanently fixed until erased, and muy ha copied for tho purpose of lithographing or engraving. On the occasion we refer to, an astonishingly minute and boautiful sketch was taken of Bridge-street and part of OeorgR-street, as it appeared from tho Fountnln in Macqunrie-pluce. It would ba worth the titlention of nny curious louder to ascertain when the instrument will bo next used, for tho purpose of personally witnessing its npnarontly miraculous effects. Onriiltention lias linen repeatedly called to the difficulty of getting reward warrants paid at thu police-office. These warrants are well k -own to pass through the coun try as cash; but lo, and behold, when having bei-n circulated for months, they nre presented for pnyment by Ihe Sydney tradesmen or dealers, who take them m ? a remittance, it is found out that no return has been received from the district magis trates, and if by accident a return hns arrivod, eighteen out of twenty nre rejected for want of indorsement, ns though thoy who receive this small nddition to their paltry stipend arc to be supposed to know ull^ matters relative to bills of exchange. It is too bad, tho magistrates who give, or the magistrates who ought to pay, nro, wo will not say committing!! fraud on Ihe per sons into whose hands these orders even tually full, but nre certainly guilty of great injustice towards them. Onu instance, wo know of, whuro the postage to Melbourim and back will not cost (for these techuicnl objections), less than FIFTEEN POUNDS I This system should be altered. Several blackguards wearing cabbage tree hats are in the habit of congregating together in the pit of the theatre, and conducting themselves in a most disorderly manner. We thought, that the tribe of the cabbage trees had migrated, for we were told that forty of the mob had gone bay whaling, another nest, however, seems to have sprung up, and we venture to pro-   phecy, that if some of them do not speedily proceed "over the water," that they will   be provided with a passage at her Ma- jesty's expense. Markets. — The last market was very indifferently suppliud with grain. Thu bad stnto of the roads from the heavy full of rain, contributed in a great measure to this, but the main cause of bad supply, i.1 owing to thu farmers having their teams nt work nt plough. This is a very busy time with the settlers, and in the active pur suits of wheat sowing and pulling' corn, settlers can ill afford to spare tenmi and men to take produce to market. Wheat maintains its price. Maizu is so mow hut cheaper, but a re-nction in price will shortly occur. Barley for mailing is in request. Flour is as follows : — fine, 25i ; seconds,- 20s; ration, 18s. A disoount will ? ho allowed on th'so purchases for cash. Hay is plenliful. Good Oaten, thu growth of Hunter's River, of which there is nn ? uxc.ellent supply ou the Commercial Wharf, sells from £8 to £9 per ton. Cattle is on the decline in price. Thu vegetable mar ket was tolerable plentiful, notwithstand ing, the same high prices were lealNed. Fruit is becoming scarce, and conse quently denrc.r. F-ggs, butter, cheese, ba con, pork, and othur articles of -dairy pro duce nre on tho advance. The price of bread keeps up to thu unconscionable price of sevenpuueo the two pound loaf, being n grent disproportion with the pre sent price offlonr, as sold at the several mills.

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