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Tlie Cleveland Railway.
THE OFFICIAL OPENING.
EXCURSION AND BANQUET. '
Tho official oponing of the Cleveland Railway, which took place on Saturday afternoon, was celebrated by an exoursion and a banquet, whioh were both successful and enjoyable. The opportunity afforded to visit Cleveland was largely availed of, and the speoial trains whioh wore run were filled to overflowing. Possibly at no previons time was that protty little town- ship so thronged with people. In honour oí the occasion many of the houses and shops were deooratod with flags. On the reserve near the long pier a fine largo marquee had been erected, and over tho doorway the word " Wel- come" was appropriately inscribed. The insido was devoted to the purposes of a banqueting hall. The tables, designed to accommodate a large number of peoplo, wero exoollently arranged, and the whole interior prosontod a bright and attractive appoaranoo. The majority of tho visitors gravitated towards this spot, but soon disporsod in various directions. Those who had not gone to the expense of a banquot tioket, or who had not had tho favour of an invitation, bogan to open their hampers and commença lunoheon. Tho keon fresh air sharpened the appetite, and nothing further was noeded to add to the onjoyraent of theso rustió repasts.
Almost immediately after the arrival of the second train, with its load of passengers, the railway was of8oially._op.enod. Tho ooremony waa not a vory elaborate one, and few had an idea that it waa to take place. Honoo mauy of tho passengers had left .the vioinity of tho rail- way station and betaken themsolves to the uppor part of the township beforehand. On landing at tho station, Mr. THALLON, tho trafilo manager, formally announced that tho railway was ready to be opened. By Mr. Buokland's request, the Hon. A. J. THYNNE, Minister of Justioo, then doolarpd tho line opon for publio traiHo. This ocoupiod only a few minutos, and the members of the Ministry mid of Parliament who had attended were accommodated with scats in waggonettes and drivon up to tho banquoting marquee.
At the banquet tho ohair was taken by Mr. J. F. Buckland. He was supported on his right by the Hons. A. J. Thynne, J. Donald- son, 0." Powers, and Mr. Johnston (Railway Commissioner), and on his loft by Sir S. W. Griffith, Hons. J. R. Dickson and Macdonald Paterson, Messrs. W. Stephons and J. M'Mastor, MM.L.A., J. Mathieson (chief Railway Com- missioner), and R. B. Sheridan. Among the other gentlemen present woro Messrs. Stevens, Luya, Crombio, Solkeld, and Annoar, MM.L.A., John Kennedy, and J. F. Thallon, trafilo
Tho usual loyal toasts having heon honoured, Mr. BUCKLAND proposed " the Ministry and tho Parliament." Ho said that during the last fow days ho had boon repeatedly asked how it was that the Uno to Cleveland was not openod on the 1st of the present month-[A voioo : "Yes; that's what ia the matter."]-seeing that it was oomplotod in timo for that boing dono. The roasons he had givon were scaroely worth repeating on the prosent occasion. Thero wore reasons and thom were difficulties in tho way, but he was sure that thoy had all to thank the ífinister for Railways and tho wholo Railway Department for the facilities givon on this day. (Hoar, hear.) Tho timo was when the place in whioh thoy were assembled, he believed, was the port of Moreton Bay. Cleveland was iutondod to bo the port of outlet for the wholo southern portion of Queensland - including Darling Downs and the wholo Western district. Times had ohanged, however, and thoy woronow in diroot communication with tho metropolis of tho colony by rail-(ohoers),-and instead of the old-fashioned bullock dray they had the iron horse. (Cheers.) Peoplo would ho able in tho futuro to hook in Olevoland eithor to Sydney, Melbourno, or Adelaide. He thought that all '. present would agroo with him that the Government and tho oountry had dono a great deni in the few vears to which he had referred-somothing Uko thirty yoars. Every time he went through tho dis- trict he was more than ever convinced that tho line would be a very profitable ono indeed. Ile was sure that the returns ovon during tho uoxt three years wonld bo satisfactory, and everyone would see this if tho aooounts woro not mixed up with othor railway returns. He hoped before long to seo the line brought from its prosent terminus to the place whero they wore now assembled. (Hear, hear.) Tho line opened up a distinctly different olasa of oountry from that openod up by any othor railway near the metropolis. Residences for all classes would be found along the lino-the merohant, the manufacturer, the artisan, the labourer, and the moohanio would Bottle hore upon the beoutiful shores of Moreton Bay, and roouperato during the summor months with tho healthful breezes of tho Paoifio. (Laughter and applause.) There was also anothor groat future for the Cleveland district, and that was in the fruit produoing industry. The apples on the tablos before them had been produced thousands of miles from Queensland-in California. If the Americans, who paid good wages, could afford to ship to Australia fruit of that description at a profit, from what ho know of the Cleveland district in tho way of pineapple and banana growing, ho believed there was a great future for it in that direction, and that beforo vory long largo oanning and fruit-preserving manu- factories would be established in thoir midst. They had the soil, the climate, and everything else in thoir favour. (A Voioe : " Whore is the money p") The money would bo found. He gave the toast of " Tho Ministry," coupled with the names of the Hon. Mr. Thynne, the Hon. Mr. Donaldson, aud the Hon. Mr.
The Hon. Mr. TrrraNB returned thanks. He congratulated the people of Clevoland upon the opening of tho railway, and also congratulated tho chairman upon the important port ho had taken in the past in securing for Cleveland tho benefit whioh she had now obtainod. Ho did not think that the question of the railway to Cleveland had over been regarded as ono in which any great party feeling was involved. Ho was sure that all'would bo ploasod to seo that the work had boon carried to a con- clusion, and that all would hopo tho lino would bring substantial and beneficial results to tho dihtriot through whioh it passed. Tho chair- man had compared the conditions of that day with those of the old day's of thirty years ago. He had given an example whioh was typical of the growth of Australia,. They had grown from small things to largo things, and wero not far from growing now ~ from largo things to still larger. Whether they would do so or not rested with the people of this colony. Wero thoy prepared to take tho stepa in advance recommended to thom? His opinion was that the people of Australia wore always prepared to advance when the course was clear and it was shown that it would be of advantage to thomsolves to do so. He saw thero in that room numbers of men trained regularly for years to looal self-government-it was the same in other parts of the colony, and he waa convinced that no oolony in tho group was better prepared for the leap into the future than Queensland was at present. (Applauso.) We had had our experience, and were, ho bo lieved, educated on a system of self-govern- ment, and when the timo carno and a larger moasuro of self-government was initiated the people of Queensland would not be tho hindmoBt. (Cheers.) He had again to thank them very heartily for the cordial way in which they had proposod the toast of the
Ministry, and for the way in whioh it had been
_ M*. DONAUJSOS sala bo had thought that one , , ;would have been quite enough to reply fortheMimstey, and therefore with his usual modesty he felt diffident about speaking on the occasion. (Laughter.) Ho wished, however, to return his thanks for the hearty way in which they had responded to the toast of the Ministry, and ho trusted that the Ministry, so long as they remained in power, would studv to always deserve such a reception at their hands, and to advance tho prosperity of the oolony. (Cheora.l The occasion on whioh they had met that day had been the opening of a railway which, he
must confess, ought to have boon made many years ago whon this distriot had apparently a greater futuro beforo it than at tho present time, and when it promised to bo the port of the Southern part of Queensland. Ho wished to congratulate the people of Cleve- land on the faot that thoy had now got this railway whioh, by bridging over the distance botwoen it and the metropolis, would give the people of the latter an opportunity to como down and enjoy the healthful sea breeze. Though they had got what thoy should havo had yoars ago there were others who were in the predicament from which thoy had escaped. Even in their immediate neighbourhood along their coast thero woro others who should havo
oxaot^ tho same advantages that Clovo- land now possessed. (Cheers.) Ho trnsted to livo to onjoy the pleasure and honour of boing prosont at the opening of tho railway further on. (Hear, hear.) The time was limited, and he did not think this was an oooaslon for long Bpeoohes, or for expressing views of n conten- tious nature. They had had enough of that lately. (Laughter.) That was all past and gone now, and ho was quite sure that, after Beeùjir. members of Parliamont hobnobbiujr together as they had done that dav, they would not have tho slightest idea that they had gono through what they had. Ho had gone through it unscathed hiraeolf, but he did not want to go through again. (Laughter.) He thankod thom mosthoartilyfortho hearty raannor in whioh they had proposed this toast. Now they had got the iron-horse working, ho would havo moro fro qnont opportunities of making tho acquaintance of the peoplo of the distriot than he had had in tlie past. (Cheers.)
Mr. POWERS, after returning thanks on bohalf of tho Ministry, said it had always boon a pleasure as far as ho was personally con- cerned to bo present at the opening of any railway, oeoauso he thought the progress of Queensland depended upon making railways and promoting settlement on the Iniid. (Cheers.) Unless wov ox tondod tho railways to our agricultural oentroa and to thoBO placos where people woro inolined to live, Queensland oould not stop for- ward as she should do in the march of progress. (Cheers.) Ho oama from a distriot whero a railway to tho seaside had long boen noodod, and he hoped sinoorely that their ohairman would assist in gotting it whon the timo oamo to ask for it. (Laughter.) Ho thought tbo remarks of the ohairman, that they had in this district ohanoos to mako much of it by the agricultural land and the facilities for pro- ducing fruit, ou eli t to be seriously taken into consideration. Ho thought it was timo for us to foster our industries in every possiblo way. (Cheers.) Tho Ministry and Opposition woro not divided on that question. The majority of the members of the House, as oomposed at present, would do all that thoy possibly oould to oncourarro tho industries of Queensland. (Ohoers.) On behalf of himself and of tho other members of tho Ministry, ho thanked them for tho hoartv way in which thoy had received tho toast. Ho could assure thom that ovory mem- ber of tho Ministry had tho wolfaro of Queens- land at hoart. (Ohoers.)
Mr. JOHN KENNEDY proposed the toast of the Parliament of Queenshud, coupled with the namos of the Hon. T. Maodonald-Paterson and Sir S. W. Griffith. Tho reoont trial of strongth botwoon tho two parties in the Assembly had shown that the gentlemen thero could oonduot a mutter in whioh grave interests woro involvod and a gravo issue was at stake with bettor feeling than in any othor Australian Assembly. (Hear, hoar.) If the late stone- walling business hud ooourrod in any of tho neighbouring oolonios the momhers would havo boon at oaoh other's throats long beforo it was oyor. (Laughter and applauso.) Queensland had ovorv reason to bo proud of the way in whioh tho mombors of hor Logislaturo con- ducted themsolves at all timos, and moro espeoiallv during the late protraotod debate.
The Hon. T. MAODONALD-PATERSON roturnod thanks. Ho remembered that ono of tho first of his official acts whon in oharare of tho Government hnslnoss in the LoKishvHvn Council was tho gotting throuirh of the Loan Estimates for tho Clovoland Rail- way. Those estimates were oarried through the Upper Honso without any difficulty at all. Ho had groat faith in the prospects of tho line. Although it had hoon oponed a vory short timo it had already shown indications of a prosperous and growing traffic. (Hear, hoar.) Tho Logielativo Council had dono good work in the past, and ospootally during the late session in rojeotinar several proposals of the Government.
The lion. J. 0. HBUSSLHB also rospondod. Ho said that thero was hardly anything left for him to spoak about, but as bo was one of tho oldest members of the Logiglativo Council ho must of course say a fow words on the occasion. Well, thoy woro oalled "old fogeys,"-(laughter)-and ne far as ago was oonnerued he admitted to boing an " old fogey." Whon hie rooollootlon of Clovoland oamo to his mind he could assure thom that ho was as young as any of thom. (Laughter.) His reonllootion of Clovoland, thoy might take his word, was ono of the Bwootost
rocolleotions of olden times.
Sir S. W. GnirriTH, who was rooeivod with loud and prolonged cheers, said the time was very short before thoy had to oatoh the train. That was ono reason why he would spoak briefly, and another reason was that after this longest session that over was, ho was tirod of hearing his own voioo. (Laughter.) Ho could not, howovor, refrain from saying a word or two in thanking thom for tho wav in whioh thoy had roooivod the toast of the Parliamont of Queensland, and for the way in whioh thoy had rooeivod him. Wo woro dopondont in this colony, for what was done in the way of legislation and publio works upon tho will of Parliamont. They (the Parliament) were loft to. themselves to do what was riurht, and ho trusted that thoy did right. Ho did not think thoy modo many mistakes. (Cheers.) The time would como when the Parliament of Queensland would havo to resign its powers to tho larger Federal Parliament of Australia, and in his own opinion the sooner that timo carno the better. (Ohoers.) But he thought wo should have no reason to rooollocfc with shamo tho work that our Parliaments had dono in the past. (Cheer«.) In respeot to this railway ho was vory glad to bo prOBent at its opening. It was
just oight years^ ago that the banquet
took place whioh Mr. Buokland had referred to. Ho had the honour to be one of the guests at that time, and although the oiroumstances were very adverse it was a pleasant gathering and loft pleasant rocolleo- tions. no did not believe any harm had oome of it. He did not wish to create a wrong impression as to that banquet, because he trusted that whon tho Government and Parlia- ment of Queensland entered upon any great publio works thoy did it on more than a mere recollection of hospitable entertainment. (Laughter.) The Government proposed and Parliament accepted this railway bocauso they beliovod it would be a vory good thing for tbo .country. (Cheers.) It was now open, and ho believod it might be a vory good thing for the oountry. Ho beliovod that this railway would be beneficial both direotly and indirootly (choers)-direotly, because it would lead to an inoreaso in the revenue of tho Treasury, and indireotly, because it would load to sottlomont on the farming and fruitgrowing land of the distriot. (Loud cheers.) Thoy had every reason to congratulate them- selves that' this railway bad been completed, and the Parliament and the oountry for
The Hon. JAHES II. DICKSON proposod "Suc- cess to the District of Cleveland and to the Cleve-
land Roil way. ' ' He had all along taken a great interest in watching the progress of tlie line, and had been all through connected with tho ßtops taken with respect to it. He wishod that the line had been brought further into the town -he thought that it was a great mistake in mattera of this kind to perpetuate the errors of the past-the oonvonienoe of the greatest number should be the principle acted upon in matters of-thls kind. The finest sites for resi- dences about Brisbane were along the railway. It could not be doubted but that the line would be a frreat factor in encouraging population. He believed the line would pay well in time, but even if it did not, that would be no roason why similar railways should not be built in the f ature. He hoped tho majority of the present Assembly would see tixe neoesnty to hare a net work of railways. They would ha ve his hearty sympathy in building lines' in the remoter district« of the colony as well as in those districts where ho resided.
Mr. Boss, chairman of the Divisional
Board, rosponded. Although the people of Cleveland were avowed supporters of Sir Samuel Griffith, he said, thoy had rooeived every assistanoe from tho prosont Government with rcspeot to the lino. Ho thanked thom most heartily for what thoy had done.
Mr. STEVENS said there could bo no doubt that this railway would be ono of tho best paying linos iu tho colony. Ho thought it was ti« duty of tho Govornment, whatever their politics woro, to give the inhabitants of largo cities opportunities of getting to tho seaside for fresh air. (Cheers.) The next duty of tho Government would bo to extend this railway a little f urthor along. (Choera.)
Mr. GIMEBT BuaNETi proposed the toast of "Tho Commissioners for Railways, ooupled with the namo of the Engineer for Railways." Mr. J. MATHIESON, in responding, said that at that late hour of the day ho thought tho less said tho botter. He was afraid tho Rail- way Commissionors had not Und muoh to do with tho oonstruotion of this Uno. Spoaking for hinibelf ho was gratified to seo that it was an accomplished fact. (Hoar, hoar.) Ho thought thoy might ho proud that it was com- plotée!, beoause he thought it was ono of tho best linos in the oolony. (Choers.) When ho carno over it first he saw at once that it was a line that might be developed into ono possess- ing a oonsiderablo payable traffic. (Cheers.) It wat on a line of this sort that they likod to do a littlo advertising, as they had dono on that day. * (Hoar, hoar.)
Mr. JOHNSTON said ho was vory muoh ploasod on going ovor the Cleveland Railway to soo how well it was cou8tmotod,'and ho thought it reflected vory groat oredit on the contractors. (Choors.) It waa ono of tho best conBtruoted railways he had boen over, aud in saying that ho did not wibh to run down other liuos, but moroly to givo his opinion that it was a orodit to the ongmoorandthoconliaotora. Ho thought that this lino would bo a gi oat success.
Mr. JOUN HAniioaAVB proposed tho "Muni oipnl and Local Authorities "
Alderman GALLOWAY (Mayor of Brisbano) responded.
The toast of "Tho Contraotora" was thoa honoured, and rospoudod te, and the prooood ings woro brought'to a oloso.