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THUESDAF, AUGUST G, 1885.
IN the LEGISLATIVE Cou"NCLu yesterday afternoon,
Leave of absenco was granted, on the motion of Mr. THYNNE, to the Hon. W. H. WALSH for the remaindor of the session.
On the motion ofthoPOSTMASTER-GENERAX, the Police Officers' Relief Bill was read a third time and roturned, in tho usual manner, to the Assembly.
The Marsupials' Destruction Act of 1881 Continuation Bill was recoived from tho Assembly, read a first time, and the second reading raado an Order for to-day.
The Houso went into committeo on the Addi- tional Members' Bill, and during the discus- sion on an amendment by Mr. P. T. GB.EGORY to clause 5, attention was called to the fact that thero was no quorum present, and the House adjournod until the usual hour to-day.
IN the LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY yesterday,
Tho COLONIAL TREASURER said that the Harbours and Hivers Department had been instructed to prepare as soon as possible plans for the extension of the South Brisbane Dock.
The Crown Lands Act 1881 Amendment Bill was recommitted, and tho whole of the sitting was occupied with an acrimomioua discussion of the new clause proposed by tho Government with regard to the homestead selector. The bill as amonded finally passed through committee, and was reported to the House.
The House adjourned at 10.15 till Tuesday
HOMESTEAD settlement was again the subject of discussion in the Assembly yesterday. This time the question was debated whether a man who was enjoying the privilege of a homestead selector should also have the right-which he undoubtedly enjoyed under the former Act-of selecting and holding land under other conditions. We venture to think he should not. The object of homestead settlement is to allow a man who is virtually without capital, to settle on the land if he elects to do so. People who have paid much attention to the history of
settlement in these colonies will find thnt
only a percentage of the working class become actual settlers. In ordinarily pros- perous times workmen-especially British workmen-are more inclined to work for wages than to go on to the land. The reason for this is a simple one. Wages in the colonies are generally high, and a man who works for wageB-especially in or about a town-generally has more cash in his pocket and leads a pleasanter and less laborious life than a settler who attempts to live on and by his homestead. We have therefore the tendency so noticeable in these colonies among workmen to crowd into towns, and to seek for Government employment, in- stead of settling down in the bush. This tendency ia leading to most dangerous re- sults. Ko one caD notice the large proportion of labouring men in this colony who are now depending for their daily bread on Government work, and on the chance of a job, and can com- pare it with the number actually settled on and living by the land, without serious ap- prehension. Anything that can be done to counteract this tendency, to induce labour- ing men to settle on the land, should be
done. The chief value of the homestead
privilege is that it does really offer an in- ducement to men to become settlers. It is, moreover, the only inducement we have held out to men of that class which has had the
intended effect, and has not to any ap- preciable extent been intercepted and misused by land speculators, Every other plan we have tried has either been a failure, or has been chiefly serviceable to a quite different class of settlers. It is by means of homesteads that we have chiefly succeeded in attaching labourers to the soil. But we can see no good reason for extending the special privilege accorded to a labouring man who wants a homestead to a small capitalist prepared to take up several agricultural and grazing areas, and pay men to work them. We are inclined to say with Ministers, let such men come in as ordinary selectors, and on the ordinary terras of the
We are not disposed to dwell very much on Mr. Dutton's inconsistency. If he will now frankly accept and honestly endeavour to apply the homestead principle to settle- ment, the public will not be greatly con- cerned about his past views on the subject. He may rest assured that in the future as in the past it will be the chief method of securing that class of small hard-working
selectors who have done' so much to build up the splendid fabric of the American Union, of whom we have as yet so few. Let him also accustom himself to contem-
plate without a shudder the prospect that of those men a considerable proportion will look
forward to the acquisition of their freehold title, and its ultimate sale as the chief re- ward of their labour. If you take from a labouring man struggliug to maintain him- self on his homestead-working far harder and earning far less than his mates in town, or engaged on Government work-the hope of ultimate profit from the growing value of his land, you destroy the chief inducement that takes him into the bush. The man
who takes up his homestead with the fixed purpose of selling out of it when he has acquired the freehold is doing no harm ; he is doing good. He is taming a bit of wilderness and making it habitable ; he is at least maintaining him- self on the land, and not joining the swelling
chorus of men who demand Government
expenditure simply in order to create work for them. We have no hesitation in saying that the depression which hangs over us now is greatly aggravated by the fact that the virtual suspension of settlement has closed an outlet for the spare energy of the working classes. It is when times are dull, and when well-paid work is scarce, that prudent and saving workmen are induced to look to the land os a means of living. If the Government were now prepared with a sufficiency of homesteads in suitable places, they would be surprised at the number of applicants for them. But there is no land ready for the people now, and no one can say how long it will be before the Government have any ready, so the workman-the saving bushman espe- cially-who finds himself thrown out of work by the depression prevailing in the great producing industries, has to look beyond our borders for employment. If the Government are wise, they will, as soon as ever they have some land again at their disposal, make it their first care to have a sufficiency of blocks suitable for homesteads ready for selection.
IN the course of the debate on the Elec- tions Act in the Assembly on Tuesday, some time was taken up in discussing an issue of no great importance in these colonies-whether military men on full pay should be allowed to vote. The Premier fell into the error of supposing that it is the rule in civilised countries not to allow soldiers to vote, whereas the rule is the other way. In France soldiers vote, and so they do in Germany. It is true that in the last named country men actually under the colours do not vote, but that is, we believe, because they have not attained the age of legal majority, 24. By the time they are of full age they have passed into the first division of the landwehr, re- maining soldiers to all intents and pur- poses, but exercising the franchise. The French or German soldier is a man fulfilling an obligation laid on all citizens of those countries, that of qualifying himself to serve in the field, and he is supposed to return to civil life. Soldiering, in theory, is only an incident of bia life as a citizen. An Eng- lish soldier, on the other hand, is a man who voluntarily steps out of the rank of citizens, and adopts soldieriug as a trade, In the strict acceptation of the term he is a mer- cenary. There is a distinction, though it is quite open to argument, whether the English soldier who takes up his musket because he likes the trade of war, is a less capable citizen than the continental conscript who is compelled to spend the best years of his life under the drill-master whether he likes it or not. The real question at issue is whether the process of military discipline which is intended to have, and. does have, a powerful effect ou a man's mind, impregnating it, so to speak, with the habit of unquestioning obedience, does not unfit him to exercise that independent judgment on public affairs which we expect from a voter. As, however, there are not a hundred individuals in the colony who are employed and paid as professional soldiers, and as their number is not likely to be much increased, the question does not greatly con-
What does concern us greatly is the con- dition under which foreigners should be allowed to vote. It is quite certain that continental peasants brought from most European countries can have no idea of what is going on in the colony, and are incapable of forming a judgment on any political question submitted to the electors for a long time after their arrival. In the case of German peasants there is the addi- tional disadvantage that they have not been accustomed to our political freedom. In Germany the Government-not as with us, a party Ministry-but the permanent Government of the Emperor, often takes an active interest in elections, and expects its functionaries to use their influence in sup- port of official candidates. This fact alone shows the wide gulf that separates what we understand by constitutional freedom from what Germans understand by the same thing. NoristhoGovernmentof the Emperor dependenton the votes of the people. German
electors could not vote Prince Bismark .ut of office if they wished to do so. In the case of a German peasant, therefore, who is entrusted with a vote, he receives A political privilege quite different to any- thing he has enjoyed in his own country, and he is expected to use it in regard to affairs which he can only very imperfectly understand. Mr, Isambert's argument, that once an alien has been naturalised we should not treat him differently from any other citizen, soutids more reasonable than it really is. If we refused to naturalise a stranger until he had lived two or three years in the colony, it would expose him to the practical inconvenience of not being able to acquire a proper title to freehold land ; and so interfere with the very result we are anxious to secure-his attachment to the soil. But thore would be no injustice in refusing him the franchise until he had been, say, two years in the colony, and had time to accustom himself to our ways, and to acquaint himself with our current history.
TUE issue of the Egyptian loan ef ¿8,000,000 is the prominent item of financial intelligence during the past week, and if one is amazed at the astounding magnitude of the amount subscribed there- for-namely, i'80,000,000, or ¿72,000,000 in excess of the amount of the issue, it must he remembered that the loan is guaranteed by England, and is thus practically as safe nu investment as consols, and that the Con- tinental money centres undoubtedly con- ti ¡buted tenderers. Erance would probably be an eager subscriber. Germany, also, for political reasons, would desire to have a piuetieal voice in Egyptian finance. The loan is a 3 per cent one, and the minimum fixed was ¿95 10s., but in all likelihood the realised price will be very close to the current price of consols. Making full allowance for the usual double tendering»
by the same firms, the amount subscribed for this loan again demonstrates the trite fact, that the amount of unemployed capital' awaiting first-class investment is vast, almost beyond realisation. The weekly return of the Bank of England shows reserves slightly diminished, but still at a high point-¿17,200,000-at which they are still 45 per cent of the liabilities. The liabilities are, therefore, declining parí paasu with the reserves ; and the probabilities of the market are, so far, unchanged. And though the outside market rate shows symptoms of hardening, it is yet no more than 1 per cent per annum-one-half the bank rate ; and the Russian question being apparently settled for the present, there seems to be no reason to anticipate dearei money. At this season, too, the Stcok Ex- change holiday time sets in ; and if it is possible Lo intensify the dulness of Capel Court, there will be even less life in specu- lation and investment for a while. On to- morrow (7th) two small colonial loans will be offered in London-one by the South Melbourne municipality of £80,000, bearing 5 per cent, and offered at £101 ; and one by the Wellington Manawatu (N.Z.) Eailway, of £160,000, also bearing 5 per cent, and offered at a minimum of £98, each of which probably will be taken up in one or two tenders. It is also officially announced that New South Wales, under the advice of " city authori- ties," will place its loan of £5,500,000-the rejected and withdrawn of July - in October. The autumn holiday should then have terminated, and the reinvigorated brokers and jobbers will be eager for a speculation. At present, New ¡south Wales 3£ per cents are quoted at £94 10s., a most satisfactory price. And for the new, or renewed loan in October next, the best success may be hoped. Sir Saul Samuel has, as a telegram at the time acquainted us, essayed to correct and convert the Economist, that apparently indulged in adverse criticism of " the premier colony's " finance ; the Times had already repented, and the íecalcitrant Standard has got its hands too full, with a Conservative Min- istry and Lord .Randolph Churchill, to con- tinue to defame the financial wisdom of Mr. Dibbs and his Agent-General.
IN the Legislativo Council, after devotions, a message was received from the Government with reference to the prolonged absence of Mr. Gibbon from the House, and en the motion of the Postmaster-General, the consideration of the message was set down for to-day. In reply to Mr. A. 0. Gregory (in tho absence of Mr. A, H. .Wilson), Mr, Paterson said that so far as it had been constructed tho Maryborough Bail way extension was being made in accordance with the approved plans ; that there was no divergence and no sidings. Further, in reply to Mr. Gregory, Mr. Paterson said that tho Urangan Railway Company had been allowed to select 1000 acres on the Burrum Coalfield Beserve ; tho deeds of the lands would be held by tho Government until the completion of the railway ; that the company had proved to the satisfaction of the Minister that they had sufficient capital to complote the construction. In reply to Mr. W. Forrest, the Postmaster General repeated tho information given by tho Premier in tho Assembly on Tuesday, regard- ing the advance of the rabbits towards the Queensland border, and added that the Governmont this session intended taking steps to prevent rabbits coming into the colony.
MB. THYNNE, in a briof speech, moved that leave of absence be granted to Mr. W. H. Walsh for the remainder of the session. The President pointed out that they had not got the power to grant the leave of absence for a whole session, as that rested with her Majesty tho Quoen, In granting this leave thoy would only stultify themselves. After a few words from the Postmaster-General and Mr. P. T. Gregory, the motion was put and passed.
THE Police Officers' Relief Bill having boon read a third time and ordered to be returned to tho Assembly, the Houso resolved itself into committee for the consideration of the Addi- tional Members Bill. All went serenely until clauso 5 was reached, when Mr. F. T. Gregory niovod an amendment to the effect that any porson who at tho timo of the passing of the Act had possessed all qualifications as a voter in both divisions of cither divided electorate, might at any time prior to the holding of the first rovision court for such electoral dis- trict lodge a claim to be placed on the elec- toral list of the new electoral district for which he had not been already registered as an elector, and his application should bo received by the Clerk of Petty Sessions and registered in a supplementary list. The Postmaster General objected to the amendment, saying that tho machinery already existed in almost the manner proposod by Mr. Gregory. If the amendment were carried it would not only cause delay, but the now members would not be able to take their seats during the present session, and it was desirable that they should do so. He thought that the balance of common sense and justice was upon the side of the clause of the measure as put forward. Mr. A. O. Gregory, in supporting the amendment, said the clause as it stood disfranchised a con- siderable number of persons who already pos- sessed qualifications to voto in the new electo rato and for the old seat. Mr. Forrest said that the Postmaster-General had insisted that the amendment if carried would causo delay and prevent the new members from taking thoir scats this session. It was his opinion that it was scarcoly possible that a new member would bo elected in time to take his seat this session. In about six or seven weeks more he believed the session would be brought to a termination, and the election would take nearly that time. Mr. Thynno could not seo what was tho objection of the Governmont to any porson exorcising his right of franchise. It was novel or at least surprising that the Government should deprive any man from exercising that right. Thero would bo absolutely no delay at all by tho amendment of Mr. Gregory. It was worthy of consideration that any man should have the right of voting and recording his
As the hands of tho clock at the end of the chamber pointed to half-past 5 tho Postmas tor-Goneral roso to reply to preceding speakers. He was not long upon his feot when Mr. F. T. Gregory, who was sitting solus on tho Opposi- tion side, drew attention to the state of the House. The chamber, which, at any time during the evening, had shown but a poor attendance of members, was now almost deserted. During tho brief time Mr. Paterson held the floor the Opposition supporters, with one or two of thoso who sit on the Government side, filed out singly, leaving Mr. Gregory alone on his side of the Houso, and six faithful followers at tho back of Mr. Paterson. Mr. Gregory having drawn attention to tho limited attendance, the Postmaster-General dropped complacently into his Beat. The Chairman of Committees vacated his scat, and the President took the chair, saying, "Ring that bell." The sound of tho bell rang through the chamber, and was followed by a silence which was only broken by tho rufHing of tho leaves of copies of the " Standing Orders," which wero in the hands of all present, not excluding the officers of the House. Sufficient timo having been allowed to olapse to give the absent ones time to return, the President said "Ring that bell again," and once more the tinkling echoed through the
chamber and, dowa itbe corridor, the door leading to whioh was now open. The 'mes- senger silently closed the door. A few seconds later a shadow appeared outside and peered in through the scroll work of the frosted panes, and as quickly vaniahed as it came. At twenty minutes to 5 the sergeant closed down the bar with a dull thud, and the President declared that there being no quorum present the House was adjourned until next day.
THERE was a muster of only aoven members for prayers and of these four were Ministers, but a few minutes afterwards a House was made. The correspondence botween tho Go- vernment and others with reference to the re- sumption and sale of part of the Queen's Park, Ipswich, was ordered to be laid on the table, on the motion of Sir ThomaB M'llwraith. The Premier presented a petition from ministers and office bearers of the Presbyterian Church of Queensland, praying that there should be in- cluded in the Licensing Bill a provision pro- hibiting the employment of females in licensed houses. In reply to Mr. Jordan, tho Treasurer stated that the lengthening of the dock in South Brisbane was under the consideration of the Harbours and Rivers Department, who had boen urged to use despatch in the prepara- tion of the plans.
MR. HUME BLACK asked without notice when the return he had moved for in connec- tion with the land sales in different parts of the colony would be laid on the table. It was some time since the return had been asked for ; it was of considerable importance to a large number of people in the colony, and it should be produced at all events before the Estimates carno on for discussion. The Ministor for Lands said that a number of voluminous returns had been simultaneously called for, but if this special one was needed for discussion he would have its preparation forced on.
THE leader of the Opposition gave notice of a question as to whether a register of all aliens naturalised wero kept in the Supreme Court, and if a Hat of such aliens naturalised during the past five years would be laid on the table. The Attorney-General said ho would answer the question at once. He had made inquiries, and found that such a register was kept, and that tho requirements of the Aliens Act had been complied with in all cases. He promised that he would place on the table a list of all aliens naturalised during the past five years.
THE Minister for Lands thereupon moved that the Order of the Day regarding the Crown Lands Act of 1884 Amendment Bill be dis- charged, and that the bill bo recommitted for the purpose of reconsidering clause 6 and a | ncv clause. Before Mr. Speaker put the latter
motion to the House Mr. Archer wished the motion amended so as to include the schedule to the bill. He could not see why tho people in the South should have privileges which were denied to those in other parts of the colony, He knew extensive districts in the central districts where the good land in solid blocks had long since been picked out and the right of selection before survey should be
extended there just as well as in Beenleigh or ] in Brisbane district. Ho had received tole- j grams from constituents urging this matter. The Minister for Lands included the schedule in his motion, and the bill was accordingly
Mr. FRASER having taken tho chair in committee, tho Minister for Lands moved tho new clause in the bill, which provided that the lessee of two or more agricultural farms, whose aggregate did not exceed 1G0 acres, might take advantage of the 4th sub- section of the 74th clause of the principal act in respect to all his farms; but when the aggregate of the farms so held on lease exceeded 160 acres, he should not be en- titled to take advantage of tho principal Act in respect to any of the farms. He maintained that this new clause gavo the homestead selector overy privilege accorded to him under the old Aet, while it practically re- stricted him to obtaining 160 acres at 2s. Gd.
SIR THOMAS M'ILWRAITH humorously de- scribed the wonderful transformations which the bill had undergone since it had been first introduced. The Government, notwithstand- ing their former assertions, had now dis- covered that tho homestead selector had not the same privileges under the Act of 1384, which ho bad under the Act of 1876. A few leading articles in the Courier seemed to have roused the Government to a sense of the position of tho homestead selector, when all the thunders of tho Opposition last year had failed to do it. The amendment now brought forward took away a privilege really given to the homestead selector by the Act of 1884 namely, the right of holding any land adjoin- ing his homestead selection un4er the ordinary selection clause. The Government could, if the bill as now proposed passed, block the homestead selector in two ways. First, they might survey the blocks so small say 20 or 40 acres-that it would not be worth while for a selector to take them up. Second, they might survey the land in auch large blocks that the homestead selector could
not come in.
THE Premier said that the Act of last year had given the homestead selector privi- leges additional to those enjoyed under the Act of 1876 or the Act of 1868. The object of the House was to settle the land in small blocks, and not to permit men who wanted a mile or two miles of land in ono block to have the same privileges as a homestead selector. If the homestead selector got 160 acres at 2s. Cd. per acre he need not complain. If he wanted moro, let him do as anybody else would have to do-pay the full value of it. The homestead areas of the Act of 1876 corresponded to the agricultural areas under the Act of 1884.
IN the latter statement, the leader of the Opposition declared the Premier to be wrong. Under the Act of 1876 the homestead area was but a very small portion of what was open to selection. As a matter of fact, homestead selectors under the Act of 1876 had the privi- lege of making selections all over the colony, and they exercised the privilege a great deal more outside the homestead area than in it. Tho only placo where the homestead selector was restricted to his 160 acres was in the homestead area. Under the clause now proposed the homestead selector was restricted to 160 acres in all, and to that extent his privileges wero curtailed. Why should there not bo homestead selectors west as well as east of the range ?
MR. KELLETT thought it was the intention of tho Houso that by tho Act of 18S4 the home- stead selector could take up 160 acres as & homestead and also a selection in a grazing aroa up to the maximum 960 acres as well. Ho should be sorry to see that privilege taken away, because he thought it was the best pro-
vision in tho Act.
THE Minister for Lands asked if the home- stead selector was to have the right of taking up 960 acres, what waa the sense of allowing him to receive 160 acres at 2s. Cd. per aero ? If there was any probability of a demand for blocks of agricultural land of 160 acres over tho rango, that demand would be met. ' The hon. gentleman then went on to deny that he was opposed in any sense to small occupants of land, or to homestead selectors. Ho knew that there were a large number of menin the country who desired no special privileges at au, AU they wished was to have fair
opportunity of taking np homesteads, and to be protected from the greedy monopoly of capitalists. He wonld give an illustration of this, ho said, from a group of cases which had come under his notice lately. In 1882 the plans and sections of the Macksy Hamilton Ballway had been laid on the table of the Houso. Within three or four weeks se- lections of 1280 acres each were taken up by the soveral members of the then Government, by the hon. member for Mackay, and by others of their hangers-on. Between 13,000 and 14,000 acres were absorbed at once at the end of that railway line. And for what ? So far as could be seen, for nothing but to graze a few stock upon. A fence had been put round the selections to perform conditions, and they waited for the increaso in tbe value of the land in order to make their profit out of it. When the extension of settlement went on the small selectors would have to go to thoso men and buy selections at £2 or £3 per acre, or rent it at 10s. or £1 per acre.
Sm THOMAS M'IÜWBAITH seldom pays any attention to the Minister for Lands-generally training his guns on the Premier j but he was constrained to turn for once upon the member for Leichhardt, who, he declared, seemed to spend half his time mooning about the Lands Office in trying to find out something against the late Ministry. He did not know to whom the hon. member referred, as he had never heard of the matter before. But the members of the lato Ministry were not generally fools, and no doubt if they had got selections they would put them to & good use. Sir Thomas quoted from the second reading speech of the Minister for Lands on the Land Bill of last year, in which the Minister pitied the ignorance of those who declared that a man could live on 160 acres ; and showed that now the Ministor would not allow the selector to got moro than 160 acres. The Minister for Lands might be right or wrong in saying that a man could not live on 160 acres, but he was grossly incon-
THE Premier said that what the honourable member wanted was to abolish the homestead selector ; for what his argument amounted to was that every man should get 160 acres at half-a-crown an acre. The leader of the Oppo- sition complained that he was being grossly misrepresented. Ho meant that all the condi- tions required to be performed by the home- stead selector should be performed. The homestead selector had always the privilege of an ordinary selector, except in the homestead area. Mr. Kates considered that as home- stead selectors had the privilege of selecting the very best pieces of land in the country, they ought to be, as they wore, satisfied with 160 acres at 2s. Gd, per acre. It would not be an act of unkindncss to allow them to select more.
THE member for Balonne regretted that be had not been in his place when the Minister for Lands had made an attack on tho late Ministry, who, he said, had improperly and indecently got possession of certain lands in the Mackay district at a prico which they could not havo succeeded in obtaining unless they held the position they did. The only selection he had in the country was in the Hamilton district, and ho took it up under the same circumstances as others. Had he and. his friends been desirous of securing lands at a low prico, they might have dono so, for it was a matter of history that as soon as Mr. Perkins and himself came back from their tour of inspection of the Mackay lands, which they said were undervalued, they had withdrawn thoso lands from selection, and they did not take up the selections referred to until after the price had boon raised. He had never been on his own selection, but ho had reason to believe that it was fifteen miles from the terminal point of tho railway. Why tho Minister for
Lands had made that attack upon and showed * such dislike to him was a puzzle to him as to the House. He had always treated the honourable gentleman with tho most gentle hand, and when he saw him run under the mothcr-wiDg of the Premier he had tried to keep him there.
THE Minister for Lands said he had never charged the member for Balonne or anybody else with improperly taking up land, What he had said was tbat selection under the Act of 1876 was an unwiso and impolitic thing, for it shut out small men and allowed capitalists to take up largo areas of land. Ho had no doubt tho honourable member and his friends had. made most judicious selections, but in so doing they had done a great injustice to selectors. Stung by some pungent interjection of the member for Balonne, the honourable gentleman turned to his despatch-box, and taking some papers from it he said they had heard a great deal from the other side about the Government introducing cheap labour and lowering the wages of the working classes. He would give a sample of what the members of the Opposi- tion themselves were doing in the matter of wages. Thero was a selection of 1030 acres made by B. D. Morehead, who employed a bailiff on 12th October for six months, and paid him £1 without rations and without a house to live in. Hume Black employed a bailiff for three months, and also paid him £1, but gave no rations and no house. The next man paid his bailiff 10s. per annum with no houso and no rations. Another bailiff waa employed for seven months, and he was actually paid £6. That roan was beginning to find out his value. Hon. J. M. Macrossan paid his bailiff Is. per annum, but with no rations and no house. Mr. P. Perkins paid his man £1, and Mrs. Oathorine Brennan-a nurse probably of the hon. member for Balonne-paid her bailiff £2. Mr. MORBHEAD comically exclaimed, to the amusement of the House, that things were getting very pleasant. Ho was very glad in- deed that the weakly member of the Ministry had shown fight, and he was certain that many members on the Government side of the House were delighted to find that the holder of the most important portfolio in the colony was not after all a stuffed figure and a man of straw. The honourable Minister had selected h>m to point a moral and adorn a tale, but he had wound up his attack by the lamo and im- potent conclusion that after all the Mackay selectors had acted within their legal rights.
A MORB serious turn was given to what had degenerated into a semblance of the quarrel in " Madame Angôt " by Mr. Hume Black. He declared that the Minister for Lands bad departed from the proper subject of debate for the purpose of making a mean, vin- dictive attack on some of his political op- ponents. Encouraged by approving cheers from the occupants of tho benches near him, the member for Mackay said that there were certain rules by which thoso who claimed to be called gentlemen should be actuated. Although they met in the Ho use, and had their own political cause to advocate so long as they con- fined themselves within the bounds of gentle- manly behaviour, there should be no ill-feeling caused by personal antagonism as soon as they left the House. He regretted very much to think that he cpuld not give the Minister for Lands credit for that straightforward, honest feeling which should actuate all politicians when they left the House. The action that gentleman had taken-and which he himself had, to his own disgrace, thought fit to refer to-would not increase the opinion he would have liked to have held towards a Minister of the Crown. It was not only that that gentle- man had referred to matters of a somewhat
prívate nature, but he had only read that por- tion of evidence whleh had been received which he thought would be the means of throwing a certain amount of disrepute and discredit on his political opponents. At- tempts had been made to prevent him, the member for Townsville, and the member for Balonne attending in the House at the opening of Parliament. They, with the late Minister for Lands (Hon. P. Perkins), had been selected to be made a painful example of if possible. They hod been summoned to attend a land court on.Oth July, two days after the Houso mot, to show causo why their selections should not be forfeited. He had applied to get the hearing brought on earlier, but this was re- fused until pressure was brought to bear. Some eight cases had occupied three days in hearing. Ho had heard nothing of -the result, although some weeks had elapsed, but he maintained that in not one caso had it been proved that the conditions imposed by the Act bad been in any way evaded. Every one of tho selections had been very highly improved, and the Minister for Lands know that, for in every case evidence had been given on oath as to the amount of money paid to the bailiff who was contractor as well. In Mr. Morehead'a case -the bailiff was paid not £1 but £305 ; in his own case £275 had been expended on improve- ments alone. Mr. Perkins's selection had only been confirmed in September last, and as : selectors were allowed six months in which to get bailiffs and make arrangements, he need not havo appointed a bailiff till March. Yet in May Mr. Perkins was called .upon to show cause why his selection should not be forfeited, although he had expended £326 on improvements. There was not a single genuine ground on which one of those selector« should have been called upon to show cause. No necessity existed, according to the Act, for putting on any improvements whatever, and certificates had not been applied »for. The selections had been highly improved with the intention of putting them to the uso originally intended so - soon as the conditions of agricul- ture was favourable. They were not at the .end of the railway line, but fifteen miles ,fromi t, though if thoy had wished to take land near the railway, they could have got it within one or two miles of the line. At the -timo those selections wera taken up tho district was totally new and forty miles from Mackay. The result had been that the whole of the land around about thom had been readily selected .and was now in occupation. The Minister for Lands had issued regulations insisting on the -occupation of agricultural land the moment selections were taken up, and ho defied tho Minister to point out any authority for tho regulation in tho Act of 1884. If the Ministry wanted to encourage settlement they had better put the bill into the waste paper basket and bring in a new ono. The Land Act was uncertain, vague, and such a gigantic failure as might have been expected from -the fad of so impractical a man as the
Minister for Lands.
IN reply to this serious indictment, the Minister for Lands said that his attention had been frequently called to the fact that no rest <dence had bean performed on these selections. Tho Inspecting Commissioner had ruado a re- port and the Land Commissioner had fixed the court. He (Mr. Dutton) had nothing -to do with fixing tho inquiry, bat on hearing that the member for Balonne wanted the court held earlier, he bad at once instructed tho Undersecretary to telegraph to the Land Commissioner to alter the date. He asked how a bailiff could carry out condi- tions when there was no houso to live in, not even a sheet of bark, although he paid no attention to Mr. Stevenson's interjection that there might be tonta.
THE member for Balonne thought that a more indecent exhibition had never been made in tho House. A Minister for tho Crown hod got up in his place, and had oxprcssod an opinion on matters which were still sub judies. At this tho member for Stanley laughed, whereupon Mr. Morehead turned upon tho unhappy Northumbrian and characterised bim as the most grasping and avari- cious landlord in Queensland, though ho posod in the Houso as the philanthropic friend of all men. Recalling his atten- tion to the Minister for Lands, ho traversed that hon. member's account of the negotiations for altering the date of the land court at Mackay, declaring that it was only altered on his threat that he would raise trouble about the matter in the House. Then he asked if the Minister for Lands had sent out notice to everyone who was supposed to be in tho same position as tho gentleman selected for persecution. Hod notice been sent to the banker of the Minister for Works, Mr. Abbott? About to attack a Mr. P. M'Lean, the hon. member was interrupted by Mr. Mac- farlane with the remark, "Make it hot for him," upon which Mr. Morehead retorted that a Supreme Fowor would make it hot for the member for Ipswich, who would get where ho would want water. Returning once more to his chose of the Minister for Lands, he charged him with instituting this inquiry for political and personal reasons.
MR. DUTTOK maintained that in every case where he heard of a failure to carry out the law-no matter who tho parties might be-he instructed the Inspecting Commissioner to re- port on it. That was what he had done in this case. Mr. Hume Black thought they had better get back to the bill. It was not par- ticularly edifying for the Minister for Lands to have shown up as he had done. He re- peated his question as to the clause in the Act of 1884, which gave the power to the Minister for Lands to issue regula- tions insisting on continuous and bond fide residence when a selection was taken up under the conditional selection clauses of the Act. Mr. Dutton bluntly replied that he had little doubt about the power, but if the hon. gentle- man had any doubt he should take legal advice. He know what he was doing.
Sra THOMAS M'ILWRAITH, with more than usual warmth, said it was not often they heard downright impertinence employed to cover ig- norance. Ho could not express the contempt he felt for a Minister who kept his malignity shut up in a box for months until he could discharge it. It was degrading to think that the hon. member had tried to employ the whole machinery of the law and the Crown servants in his office in order to wreak a petty bit of spite against Mr. Black, Mr. Morehead, and Mr. Macrossan. These gentlemen, how- ever, would stand the test of anything the hon. member liked to do. It was most discreditable that the Minister for Lands should havo brought forward a garbled bit of evidence ; for he had evidence in his possession that would prove that the conditions of those selections had been performed, and, being performed, that was all the Government had a right to ask.
THE Premier asked if it was meant that if prominent persons on the other side of politics failed to comply with the law, the Government were to shut their eyes to it. If the Minister for Lands hod failed to cause inquiry to be made he might very justly have been charged with cowardice. Mr. Morehead said that he and his friends had courted inquiry. They should have been treated in tho same way as all other selectors in that district. They asked no more, and expected no less. What they
complained of was that the action of the |
' Minister for Lands had boon dictated not from
a desire to prevent wrong being done to tho State but hy personal spleen and animosity. The leader of the Opposition also returned to the charge, and said that the information given to the Minister for Lands covered a great many more individuals, but ho had chosen to issue summonses against those who were political opponents, leaving out other mon whoso selections were hoing worked by the same agent-the banker of the Minister for Works for instance-and very likely for good
THE Minister for LandB said that the infe- rence of the hon. gentleman was wholly incorrect. Ho had distinctly stated that the complaints made to him were confined wholly to the gentlemen who were called upon to show cause. He did not know that the banker referred to had a selection at Mackay. The complaints had beon made to him by private letter from two or three people. He had asked the Inspec- ting Commissioner to go up and report on them, and his report was that the conditions were not being complied with. Mr. Morehead interrogated the Minister for Works if he had said that Miss Brennan was a nursemaid ot his ? If he made such an asser- tion, it was a distinct falsehood. He had every reason to believe Miss Brennan was quite as respectable as the Minister, and it was dis- graceful that by inuendo any Blur or reproach had been cast on a stranger. The Minister for Works was not to be kept out of the melee. Looking towards the member for Balonne, ho gruffly said it was usual when a man did a dirty action he liked to drag somebody else into it with him. He could not understand why his name should have boon connected with it. He denied that ho was under any obligation to Mr. Abbott. He only knew that Mr. Abbott was a reliable gentle- man, and did not belong to the Queensland National Bank, nor did he himself patronise
MR. ARCHER wanted to know on which Bide the dirty action was, To say that is was un- just, or dirty, or mean, under the law of 1876, to get a contractor to do residence, was mere bosh. The Minister for Lands had only brought those charges for the purpose of delaying business, and ho ought to have placed on the table the letters making the complaint.
ALL that was needed to make the scene complete was the appearance of tbo member for Bundanba, and that was forthcoming. First of all he lectured Mr^ Dutton on tho necessity ef shutting his earsjto the advico to produco the letters, and then adopting an air of pitying patronage, he expressed surpriso at "tho patience with which the Minister for Lands listened to the ribaldry, nonsense, and insults ho received from the other side continuously from timo to timo 1" In fact he was astounded that any man with a spark of feeling could listen for a moment to tho rubbish dealt out to himfromthe Opposition benches. "Wasitto he wondered at," he asked with confident mien, turning his eyes all round tho chamber, "That the Minister for Lands should occasionally retort when somebody stopped upon him?" " The member for Balonne had referred to the Minister for Lands as a nonentity and a man of straw." What tho commentary would bavo been it is hard to say, for the leader of the Opposition nonplussed Mr. Foote by ro marking, "An opinion pretty generally endorsed." "The Minister for Lands,1' shouted the member for Bundando, aomowhat »consequently, "may have a different idea. Kot only was he not a man of straw, but tho Opposition could not make a straw man of him." Enamoured with the smartness of his repartee, he attempted the overwhelmingly ironic style, but a mixture of metaphors raised the laugh against him. "They have," he said with a waive of his hands worthy of Phelps, " taken the rôle of dignity, honour, and jus- tice with which thoy havo been infringed this afternoon." Failing to cover the Opposition with ridicule, he patted the Minister on the back by tolling him that the inference ho drew from his remarks was that the lands had been taken up, and tho spirit of the Act not complied with. He com- mended the Minister for resisting the attack made on him, and trusted that in future ho would show the Opposition that he was not tho man of straw they imagined him.
MB. P. WHITE had not forgotten how tho member for Balonne had put the extinguisher on his eloquence during tho second reading of the bill. Ho could, ho said, quite understand now that hon. member's objection to his reading of his tenant farmers' catechism. That hon. member seemed to bo desirous of going in for land-owning on a largo scale. "Hear, hear," cried the member for Balonne in a most encouraging manner, but the member for Stanley would not be further drawn, After some discussion, in which the leader of the Opposition enforced his objection that the new clause curtailed the privileges which the homestead selector bad always en- joyed, while the Premier insisted that the only difference between the homestead selector under the Act of 1876 and this was that home- stead selection would not be allowed in grazing areas. Sir Thomas M'llwraith moved tbe omis- sion of the sentence in the new clause which he declared so curtailed the homestead selectors' privileges. He challenged a division, and was defeated by 27 to 10.
SIB THOMAS M'IIAVRAITH next moved the excision of the second part of the new clause which provents a selector with more than 160 acres getting the benefit of the homestead clauses of the principal Act. The discussion on this amendment brought from the member for Balonne the remark that the Opposition had forced the hands of the Government, and compelled them te restore the right of securing 160 acres at 2s. Cd. an acre to the homestead selector. The Premier had only adopted the amendment to soothe that section of his following that threatened to leave him in a minority. He was glad the Government supporters were not so hood- winked as they were ; that they did not now look through the great Liberal spectacles. So sure as he stood there, the glamour would wear away until they saw the "perfect day," as his friend Mr. Macfarlane would say.
MB. GRIMES turned the tables by saying that the amendments were proposed by the Opposition not with the desire to benefit the bona fide selector, but to make a " good show." But the homestead selectors would not be caught with such a stale bait. The leader of the Opposition and Mr. Hume Block con- tended that even under the clause, the home- stead selector might, if wealthy, take up lease- hold land if it were only not contiguous to his homestead, and afterwards convert that lease- hold into freehold. After some further dis- cussion, in which the Premier said the praise and blame of the measure would bo fairly distributed by the country, a division was taken, when the amendment was lost by 21 to 8, and the clause as submitted originally was
SOME verbal amendments having been made on the fifth clause, the schedule was taken when motions by Mr. Archer to includo Rockhampton district, and by Mr. Norton to include Gladstone district, were accepted by the Government. Thus encouraged, Mr. Morehead moved that Dalby, Mr. Hume Black that Mackay, Mr. Hamilton that Cook, and Mr. Stevenson that St. Law
renco should also be included. Cheso ' amendments wero made the occasion of prolonged discussion, which the Premier moro than once declared was meant only to stop business. A division was challenged on the Mackay and Cook proposals, but the Govern- ment majorities wero l8 to 11 and 21 to C. Tho schedule afterwards passed, and the bill as amended was reported to the Houso. The report was adopted.
THE Premier announced that as there was no private business for to-day (Thursday) ho proposed to move the adjournment of the House till Tuesday. This brought on a dis- cussion about tho propriety of tho Houso ad- journing for every "twoponny halfpenny show," as Mr. Hume Black irreverently do scribed the exhibitions at Kosewood and Too- woomba. Sovcral members suggested that the Houso should adjourn for a fortnight, to enable Northern members to take a trip borne, but this tho leader of the Houso would not agree to, and tho House subsequently adjourned at 10.15 till Tuesday next.
A Government Gazette Extraordinary was published yesterday containing tho Speaker's writ for the election of a member of the Legis- lativo Assembly, in the room of Mr. Thos. Campbell, member for Cook, whoso seat has becomo vacant by reason of his insolvency. Nominations aro to be made at Cooktown on Wednesday, 26th August, and a poll will be taken on the 16th September if necessary. The dato fixed for the return of the writ is 7th
THE much-needed stretching of art additional telegraph wire from Bowen to Townsville will be commenced forthwith, a tender having been accepted for tho work. It is also proposed to call for tenders for the extension of the tele- graph line along the track of tho Central Bail way front Jericho to Barcaldine, whore it will intersect the telegraph line between Blackall and Aramac An additional wiro will also bo stretched from Barcaldine to Blackall.
THE Chief Engineer for Railways in the Southern and Western and Wide Bay districts (Mr. H. C. Stanley) left Brisbano last night in the s.s. DerwcntforMaryborough. Mr. Stanley is understood to be bound on a tour of in- spection of tho railways in the Wido Bay and Burnett district, and more particularly of tho Kilkivan railway, now under construction by
Messrs. M'Dcrmott and Owen.
THE tenders for the Howard and Bundaberg and the second section of the Highfields-Grows' Nest branch railways havo boon considered by the Government, The tender of Mr. R. O. Pater- son, formerly Deputy Chief Engineer of South Australia, has been accepted in each case. Howard railway, £101,726 11s. 3d.,- distance, 36 miles 33 chains. Highfields railway, £37,173 6s. 9d., exclusive of rails and fastenings ; dis- tance, 17 miles 22 chains. Both tenders wero within the estimate of the Chief Engineer and considerably under some of the other tenders. The highest tender in the caso of the Howard Bundaberg railway was nearly £40,000 moro than Mr. Fatorson's. In tho case Of the High- fields railway, Mr. Patcrson's amount was about £23,000 bolow that of the highest tender.
A TELEGRAM has been received by the Colo- nial Secretary from Mr. Hugh Milman, P.M., of Cooktown, as follows : - The steamer Alexandra landed last night tho remnants of the crow of the North Star, beche do-mcr boat, all badly Bpearcd by natives on Restoration Island. Ono white mon named William M'Laughlan was killed. The rest escaped in a boat and got to tho Pipor Island light ship.
| SOME little anxiety has boon felt concerning
the safety of the AS.N. Company's steamer Alexandra, which was duo at Cooktown on
| Monday from Normanton and Thursday
I Island. However, she arrived safely at Cooktown yostsrday morning. Captain Mea- burn, who ia in charge of her, tele- graphed to the local manager that he had been ashore on the west side of S Roof, which lies to the eastward of Barrow Point, and is about eighty miles north of Cooktown, for eighty-six hours. The vessel, he states, was floated off without having sustained any apparent injury. The Alexandra resumed her voyage shortly
after her arrival.
THE annual show of the Rosewood Farmers' Olub will be opened by the Governor at noon to-day. Entries have, wo are informed, come in well notwithstanding the drought There is expected to be a grand show of butter, bacon, and horses. The nnmbor of entrios already received are-24 for bacon, 30 for butter, and 78 for the horse section, which wil yet receive augmentation. His Excellency will be accompanied by some of the Minis- ters and sovcral members of Parliament A special train will leave Brisbane at 10.25 a.rn., arriving at Rosewood at 11.50. The party will return from Rosewood at 3.45 p.m., arriving at Brisbane at 5.15 p.m.
StTPERlNTEHDBNT HINTON, of the Brisbano Firo Brigade, yesterday received from Messrs, S. Hoffnung and Co., a handsome gold locket ornamented with diamonds as a prcsont for himself, and a cheque for £20 for distribution among his men in acknowledgment of the services rendered by the brigade during the fire at tho Struan Bond, which adjoined Messrs, Hoffnung's premises.
A LARGE number of entries were received at tho office of the Queensland National Associa- tion yesterday. As expected, tho entries in the horse section are very numerous, there being moro than 200 already received, and some entries from the Downs aro expected by post tfaiB morning. The cattle classes will be hardly as good, with the exception of fat stock, of which there will be a good show, and the contest for the special prizes in this class is likely to be close and exciting. Further specal prizes were also to hand yesterday, and will be noticed in our advertising columns. The special prize list now amounts to over £315, which must be considered as a very valuable adjunct to the ordinary prize list. The first prize for Ladies' Hack (to be ridden by ladies on the ground) will now be a bracelet of the value of 10 guineas, tho additional amount required having been mode np yester- day. The second prize will be a £5 5s. bracelet All the preparations on the ground aro in a forward state, and the new grand-stand is approaching completion. Tuesday, the 18th, will, as usual, be the judging day, and as the tramcars will then be running to Bowen Park, every facility will be given for visiting the Exhibition. Wednesday will bo a public holiday, and the Exhibition will bo opened by his Excellency the Governor at noon. The list of members shows a satis- factory increase on previous years, and gentle- men intending to becomo members should procure their tickets from the secretary with-
THE following memorandum bas been re- ceived from tho Electric Telegraph Depart- ment :-" Adelaide adviseB, 4th instant, com- munication on the Port Darwin-Java dupli- cate cable. Both cables now restored."
THE engagement of Mr. J. D, Arnold as "overseerin charge of American well-boring plant and machinery," has been confirmed, and he has already entered upon his duties. Plant is being prepared in Brisbane from Mr, Arnold's designs, and it is hoped a well-borer will be in active operation in the north-west within a few months. Mr. Arnold will be paid at the rate of £500 per annum.
THE complimentary concert tendered to Mrs. Wilkie last night was financially a great suc- cess. The audience was large, and during part of tho evening His Excellency the Governor honoured Mrs. Wilkie with his presence. The programme, wbioh originally consisted of slx teon numbers, but by reason of soveral oncores was considerably lengthened, was full of variety. The quality ranged from a doleful concertina performance to a classic and bril- liant pianoforte solo by Madame Mallaliou. Mrs. Wilkie was in excellent voice, and on each appearance was heartily received. She undoubtedly shono most in the boautiful eolo "Stella Confidente," and the encore Bho gainod was the best deserved of the evening. Sho also appeared in duets in conjunction with Mr. Rees and Miss Dewing, and still later she sanj» F. H. Cowan's pretty ballad, "A Song and a Roso." Madame Mallaliou, who appears too seldom, was at her best in a concorto in G. minor in two movements. Her brilliant oxecution and admirable taste com- manded an attentivo hoaring and won vory hearty applause. She subsequently appeared in a duet for piano and cello with Mr. Fray, ling. Gounod's lovoly song, *' Ring on Swoot Ángelus, " was sung hy a lady whoso voice has not boon heard at a concert for many months. She barely cscapod an ennoro. Miss Dowing has a dccldod penchant for sad songs. Thoso sho rendors with intensity of feeling, hut her apparont norvous ness prevents her doing full justice to har fino voice. She might succeed better with pieces based on brighter thornes. The song sho sang last night was Paolo Toati's " Mother." Every word was heard distinctly, and the audionco was hushod to stillnoss. Among tho most suc- cessful of tho gontlomon wero Mr. Deazoloy, who was loudy encored for a spirited ren- dering of F. Johngman's song, "Sbouldor to Shoulder," and Mr. Le Couteur, who was recalled aftor singing "We Tars," In responso he sang tho well-known romanza, "Maid of Athens," into which ho throw any amount of expression, Mr. Reos's solo, "Pil- grim of Love," was unfortunately placed late in the programme. Coming as it did after ho had already done much hard work in tho duet with Mrs. Wilkie, ho was unablo to do himself full justice. He sang, howovsr, with fair succoss. Mr. Baumann, who sang " Oh, Hear the Wild Winds Blow," though a triflo am- bitious, was well roooived. Two ladies and Messrs. Ivaraoy and Mayes also assisted, and thus ovlnced thoir good-feeling towards tho woll-desorving beneficiare. Mr. H. J. Pollard rendered valuablo assistance as conductor and accompanist.
TUB picture presented by Mr. Jonnor, artist, to tho Charity Organisation Society aomo time ago, was raffled for tho benefit of the society last ovening at Baumann's rooms. Thoro had beon sold sixty-six tickots at 5s. each, so that tho result will be a substantial addition to the funds. Mr. John Marlow was tho winner; a Hat of the throws may be seen at Messrs Flavollo Bros, and Roberta, Queon-stroot, to- day. Tho picturo waa framed gratuitlously by Mr. Knights.
OK the petition of Messrs. M. D. Benjamin and Co., of Brisbano, War Sing, of Mary- borough, storekeeper, was yesterday adjudi- cated insolvent. Tho first meeting was fixed for 20th August. Mr. Chambers appeared for tho potitioners.
A SPECIAL meeting of the Municipal Council was held yesterday afternoon for the purpose of considering what further stops shall bo taken in rofcrenco to tho Victoria Bridgo and tho action by Mr. W. M'Brido ; tho quostion of increased bridgo accommodation ; and the question of tbo purchase of property at Bundanba belonging to Mr. J. V, Jenkins. Thero woro present his worship tho Moyor (in tho chair), and Aldermen M'Mastor, Porter, Brydon, Soathall, Hlpwood, Duncan, and Heal. Tho council at once went into com- mittee to consider tho matters, and upon re- suming, tho meeting was adjourned until IO o'clock the following morning, when tbe committee's report will be prosontcd.
A NUMBER of tho residents of Hemmant and Lytton Junction met in the Wcslcyan Chapel, Hemmant, on Monday ovening last, for tho doublo purpose of taking a formal farewell of Mr. Angus Gibson, who is about to remove from that locality, and presenting him with a very handsome toa and coffoo service, a beauti- ful marble clock, and an illuminated address, the gift of personal friends residing in the district. Mr. Gibson has resided in Hemmant for the last t won ty years, and has always taken a lively interest in affairs pertaining to tbo wel- fare of the district, both politically and socially. He has acquired some sugar property at Bundaberg, where he will take up his abode, and in leaving bas tbo best wishes of all who
THE B.I.S.N. Company's steamer Merkara which was to have left London on tho 30th of June on her return trip to Queensland ports, but whoso place was taken by tbo Wistow Hall, was detained in order that sbe might be fitted with refrigerating machinery. Messrs. Gray, Dawes, and Co. havo also decided to make alterations in her saloon accommodation, which cannot fail to bo appre- ciated by passengers. Her present saloon will be dismantled and the space mado available for cargo. Tho bridgo deck will be extondod as far forward as tho second hatchway, and new berths and dining saloon constructed under that bridge, amidships. Ample accom- modation will bo provided for forty first-class passengers, who will have the exclusive use of tho bridge deck as a promenado, and will thus be entirely apart from the emigrants, who, of course, will occupy the main deck. The R.M.S. Dorunda, BOW in pert, will bo treated in a similar manner on her return to London.
AN amusing instance of the peculiar aptitude of the Chinese mind for "ways that are dark " was manifested at the District Court y os ter day afternoon, in tho course of an action for tres- pass, beard before his Honour Judge Paul, in which the parties to the dispute were two Celestials. A witness was called, named Ah Neow, who was unable to speak a word of Knclish, and whose utterances wero explained to the court through the medium of an inter- preter. The witness was evidently full of a mistaken notion that it was against the rules of the court to give evidence with a document to refresh his memory in his hand. Deeming it necessary to fortify himself with a list of the articles in a dwelling-house, the locus in quo of the trespass, the cunning " chinkie " had tho list concealed in the sleeve of his coat. While giving bis evidence ho rested his elbow upon the rim of the witness box in such a position as to enable him to steal a furtive glance at its contents with little risk of discovery. Mr. Lilley (tho counsel for the other side) de- tected the witness's eye wandering up his sleeve, and the unfortunate document was shaken from its hiding-place amid general merriment-very much to the discomfiture of the Chinaman, who was at first considerably embarrassed, but who subsequently showed much relief at finding that the result of the discoveryT)odcd no further ill than full liberty to scan the list openly to his heart's content. The little incident is sufficient to indicate the subtle tendency of the Chinese mind, even in little grievances amongst themselves; and as this Chinaman was unable to speak English, it may be presumed that he was nncontaminated by contact with the superior race.
IN Chambón yesterday,- beforo tho Chief Justice, the last examinations of Henry Finchs, of Maryborough, labourer, and John Colburn, of Burrum, timber-getter, both insolvent, wero fixed beforo the P.M. at Maryborough on tho 26th August Mr. HoIIicar appeared in each case. Georgo Dawson, of Toorbul Point, insolvont, was ordered to appear for examination beforo Mr. I. J. Markwell, trasteo in the estate, on the 14th instant. Mr. Winter obtained tho order, which, however, was granted condi- tionally upon an affidavit being filed sotting forth tho insolvent's prior noglcct to appear boforo tho trustee. In tho matter of Colquhoun v. Holmes, an application was made by Mr, Hollicar for the registrar to sign an amended judgment according to an amended certificate of trial. Order accordingly.
THE steamer Cloncurry, whloh arrived hero recently from London, vid ports, under charter to tho British-India Company, with immi- grants, has for the lost throo or four days been moored in the stream, loading Quoonsland coals for Batavia. This is quito a now doparturo on tho part of the British-India Company, whose supplementary steamers, as well as thoso of tho Ducal lino, havo hitherto gone to Newcastle for coals when thero was not sufficient freight offering from Queensland for tho return voyago. Tho company havo, it is under- stood, resolved to concentrate as far as possible their trade hero, a stop which will he heartily approved by tho mercantile community. Unfortunately a circumstanco has occurred which is vory discouraging, to Bay tho least of it, to the-n. The facilities for loading coal in Brisbane aro, as is well known, far bohind the times, and it has taken nearly four days to load 600 tons of coal, while tho quantity roqaired is 1700 tons. To moko matters worse, four of tho mon employed by the coal proprietors in loading tho ship struck work yesterday morning, tho reason glvon boing that thoy considered tho rate of wages, namely, Is. an hour, too low. These mon woro disposing of tho coal, which was raised by tho ordinary hand-windlass, into tho ship's bunkers, while othors woro employed emptying coals Into tho hold, In the latter instance tho ship's stoam-winch was used and, as is customary whon steam is em- ployed to raiso tho coal, thoso mon wero paid Is. Gd. per hour. Tho mon on striko, it ap- pears, considered they woro as much entitled to tho oxtra pay as the othors, and ceased work when the concession was refused. Tho coal proprietors, wo aro informed, have never paid moro than Is. an hour for suoh work and aro unwilling to concodo tho oxtra pay in this case, as thoy would thereby establish a bad proco- dent It has boon determined that if the dis- pute is not settled by noon to-day, tho vessol will bo trimmed and will proceed to Batavia with the amount on board, which is sufficient only for hor own uso.
IN consequonce of tho rumours circulated in Brisbano affecting the U.M.8, Waroonga, and the numerous inquiries mado concerning hor, the B.I. and Q.A. Company lOBt no timo in cabling to Messrs. Gray, Dawes, and Co., asking whether sho had reached her destina- tion. No roply had boon received up to yester- day evoning, but tho Australasian Shipping Newt publishes a telegram from its agent, stating that tho Waroonga arrived at Plymouth on the 13th July-her contract date.
TUB iron barge, which parted from tho Q.S.S. Company's stcamor Corea on Thursday night near Maryborough during heavy weather, whilo boing towod to the Johnstone Rivor, has since drifted on to the beach a fow miles south of Doublo Island Point. A gang of mon were despatched from Brisbano by the Truganini on Tuesday with tho necessary ap pliancos to float her. Tho craft, which is tho proporty of the Colonial Sugar Company, whoso catato is on the Johnstone Rivor, will bo towed to its destination as noon as circum- stances will permit.
THE Southport Pier and Baths Company has, wo aro Informed, boen successfully floated. As previously stated, tho objocts of tho company aro for the widening of the present pier at Southport, and the establishment of largo swimming baths and hot salt water baths. Tho brokors aro Messrs. R. Spencor Browno and Co.
THE Barcoo, a new stcamor built to tho order of tho Queensland Steam Shipping Oom* pony for tho Queonslaod coasting trade, will, it is anticipated, bo ready to leave London for Brisbano by the end of this month or boginning of next She is a trifle larger than the Maranoa and Warrego, and her saloon, which is amidships, is panelled with ornamental marble after the samo style as the Warrego, whilo tbo spaco sot apart for saloon passongors is larger. She is fitted with powerful ma- chinery of tho very latest design, and will no doubt provo to bo a vory speedy and serviceable
CANADIAN papers havo reached Brisbane, containing an account of tho death of Captain French, brother of the Commandant of the Queensland Defence Force, It occurred during the attack on tho village of Batocbo's, which was occupied by Riol's half-breeds. Tho village consisted of'seven houses, and the Government forces having driven the rebels in, found that those who had not run away wore firing from the row of outhouses on tbo cut trail, from a gully in rear of Batoche's two story building, and from the hills and bush on the right. One of the Winnipeg guns, under Captain Coutlco, rushed to the right and shelled the bush in advance, and later Champagnes' houso in tho rear. It took but a few minutes to mako the rush to Batoche's new store, and then to Batoche's old store and house ; and then the day was won. Not a man was killed whilo in the open, although several wero wounded. The account of the Toronto Mau, from which we quote, continues:-"But one of the saddest losses was at Batoche's house. Captain Jack French, tall of form, and his Celtic blood at boiling heat, rushed to the front door facing tho south-west, and with a ' Como on, boys 1 ' ran in and up to the upper story. Ho had hardly reached the door when a bullet from the gully toward the ferry pierced his breast below the heart, and he lived long enough only to say, 'Don't forget, boys, that I led you here.' On Saturday ho had saved Cook by his personal bravery, snatching him from tho jaws of death. It was very a brave act, worthy of the Victoria Cross. On Tuesday he led his little band on to his own death." In the Governor-General's congratulations upon the victory, Captain French is mentioned as "an officer we can ill-afford to lose."
I THE subject discussed last night at the
School of Arts' Debating Society was "That speculation is not a justifiable method of ac- quiring wealth, and is injurious to the com- munity." The opener dealt with his Bubjoct very fully, and there was a great deal of in- teresting matter brought out, the number of speakers being considerable. The majority, however, were against the motion. The sub- ject for next week's debate is, " We should not expect the various interests of an electorate to be represented br only one or two members."
THE Woolloongabba Divisional Board meet this evening at half-past 7 o'clock. The busi- ness on the paper includes reception of sub- division improvement reports, report of Inquiry Committee re dismissal of men in Np. 2 dub division, engineer's report; also consideration of motion by Mr. Maynard,-" That Messrs. .form a sub committee to report to the board on the advisableness of erecting a Divisional Hall on the corner of Stanley-street and Merton-road, and generally as to the cost, design, &c, of the