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MONDAT, JULY SO, 1885.
TnE arrival of Mr. Booth, the temperance orator, is an event which ought to create a good deal of excitement, and which may perhaps do some good. Tho uxcitement, at all events, is certain. There has been much preparation by men accustomed to prepare
outbreaks of enthusiasm. The adherents of
what we may venture to call the teetotal sect, or at least their leaders, have been working themselves and their friends into the proper mental condition for an outbreak
of enthusiasm. The devotees ars now wait-
ing for the afflatus which is to descend upon them from Mr. Booth's platform, and will be ready to fling themselves into tho required state of frenzy-the mental intoxication which ho is expected to produce. To some thousands of worthy people there will now be a short season of keen enjoyment. They will revel in a period of pleasing exaltation of spirits-an ecstatic mental delirium such as accompanies these " awakening mis- sions," and after having had what Mr. Booth would probably call an exceedingly good time, they will again subside into the monotony of everyday life. A great con- sumption of fervid oratory and blue ribbons will take place, and a great many people will take the pledge. Some will keep it, for the most part people who, having no ten- dency to excess in drink, might go on con- suming alcohol without harm all their lives. Others, who having drunk moderately without harm to themselves, will be per- suaded that they have been doing wrong and in a fit of unreasoning enthusiasm they also will take the pledge. When they break it afterwards-as many of them will-they will have stained their souls with an artifi-
cial sin, because by tho impulsively given promise they will have made that wrong which was in itself harmless. Of these a proportion may even become drunkards, be- cause having once associated tho idea of moral wrong with the enjoyment of a boon which the Creator has given for the moderate use of his creatures, they will never again be able to touch a glass of liquor without that moral deterioration which accompanies the doing of an act which the doer believes to be wrong. On the other hand, there will be some converts among weak self-indulgent people, who would simply slip into drunken- ness because they have no moral stamina whatever, and to their feeble natures the pledge-with its visible symbol-will afford a needed support. Finally, there will be a certain number of genuine enthusiasts of the class from which in all ages and in all places ascetics have been drawn, who will deny themselves tho indulgence of liquor in the hope and belief that they will thereby
benefit their fellow-creatures.
We have-we venture to think-fairly sketched the probable result of the mission now beginning. There may be-indeed there probably will be-some cases of individual benefit from it. But we doubt very much whether the harm done by these carefully calculated and prepared enthusiasms does not outweigh the good they may effect. The teetotallers seem to
us to mistake the end to which their eiForts should be directed, and to misunderstand the effects they produce. There is an evil patent to all mankind in the abuse of liquor. Excessive drinking, although only ono form of criminal self-indulgence, is one of which the effects are marked and horrifying. It is a form of self-indulgence, too, which, when it has hardened into a habit, cannot easily be broken. The true measure of the work done by the teetotal
organisations is the extent to which they havo diminished-not drinking which is harmless-but drunkenness. We all know that there are nations where drinking is almost universal, while drunkenness is ex- tremely rare. It has been said of the modern Greeks, for instance, that drunken- ness is almost the only vice in which they do not indulge. In Italy again, and Spain, there is far less drunkenness in propor- tion to the population than in those
States of the Union or counties of Great Britain, where teetotallers have achieved their greatest triumph. And yet in those countries abstinence from liquor is almost unknown. It is not by the number of blue ribbons distributed, or by the length of the pledge roll, that we can measure the good done. We question very much whether pledges or ribbons ever affect more than the outside fringe of tho great mass of actuáTor potential drunkards , they chiefly reach the people who would be in no danger of excess if teetotalism had never been heard of. To talk as Mr. Booth did on Friday about breweries and public-houses shutting up as proof of the good done is not enough. The competition in the liquor trade in England is tremendous, and eager overtrading is quite enough to account for the facts cited. Besides, there is nothing to show that teetotalism has produced any appreciable effect on the amount of liquor consumed in Great Britain, The amount varies certainly ; it is less in bad years when trade is depressed and workmen have less to spend, and it is moro in good years when cash is plentiful. But, taking one year with another, it does not show that diminution which should be apparent if the teetotal crusaders had produced an effect at all proportionate to the efforts they have put forth. And we very much doubt whether there has been any real diminution in the drunkenness of the community and the misery resulting from it. It may even be questioned whether teetotallers are not creating drunkards by producing an impression on whole classes of people that drinking a glass of wine or beer is a sin, and thereby driving weak-minded people to indulge in a sly surreptitious manner-the very way to turn them into solitary soakers and the most hopeless kind
If, as we have often pointed out, the tee- totallers would leave off tilting at -wind- mills and apply their energies to the cure of the real evil, the world would gain more than it does from their efforts. Let
them abandon the hopeless attempt to induce
mankind to give up the use of alcohol-an I attempt in which they will never succeed unless they find some other stimulant to take its place. Having accepted the ine- vitable in that respect, let them turn their attention to tho drunkard, but in quite a different fashion from what they now follow. Let them brand the sneaking coward as he deserves-the mau who persists in indulging his depraved tastes at the cost of niiawy to all who depend on him. Let them combine their influence and bring it to bear on tho Legislature to make the penalties for drunkenness heavier for each offence, so that when a man feels tempted to exceed he may know that a gaol-not a mere reprimand or trifling fine-will await and punish his excess. Put the gaol brand on drunkenness and thus stamp out all the
foolish tenderness with which the customs of
a past age have invested the disgraceful offence. The ordinary teetotal orator makes of the drunkard a sort of abject hero, a something to shed tears over, to make much of ; and all his denunciations are reserved for the drink or the drink-seller. We say, on the contrary, " Brand the sneaking coward as he deserves, and to gaol with him if he does not mend and refit himself to perform the duties and receive the respect due to a continent self-controlled citizen."
Let there be regulations of the drink traffic by all means. Get rid of all special temptations or allurements to drink j forbid young people of either sex from entering a public-house if you will ; abolish barmaids ; do all you can to remove temptation from the weak. But the thing we have to put down is not the consumption of drink, it is drunkenness. If the sea is pouring through a leak in the dyke you do not try to pump the ocean dry, you set to work to mend the leak. You cannot so
change man's nature as to induce a whole community to refrain from stimulant of any kind-and alcohol, in the shape of good wine or beer, is the least harmful stimulant known-but you can make drunkenness as rare au offence among Englishmen as it now is among races of a far lower moral standard, if only you will go the right way about it.
IT seems as if we were to have a renewal of the anxieties which weighed upon us at the beginning of the year, and that the Russian, trouble was about to recommence. According to our telegrams the massing of troops at Saiakhs, the point from which the Russians entered and occupied the slice of Afghanistan which Mr. Gladstone sur- rendered to them, has been proceeding, and the Government of the Czar is assuming a very arrogant tone in treating with Great
Britain. It will be remembered that the
terms of peace-with dishonour-were the cession to Russia of all the territory she claimed in Afghanistan with the exception of 'the Zulficar Pass. That was the only concession Russia made, it was the one result Mr. Gladstone could claim for all his warlike demonstrations, and more significant still, it was the only point on which the Ameer Abdurrahman seemed strongly to insist. Tho present trouble is that Russia has now discovered Zufilcar to
be necessary to her, and insists on having it. Whether it is worth while for England having conceded so much to fight over this point, we cannot judge. Probably in itself it is not worth a quarrel. But where is to be the limit of concession? Sanguine people, who believed in the good faith of Russia and the wisdom of the Gladstone Govern- ment duriug the hist complication, argued that the former had really no sinister de- signs, that her claim was in the main a rea- sonable one, and that if concessions necessary to the comfort of her new Turcoman sub- jects were allowed, she would come to a fair arrangementaboutthefrontier. Well, shehas got all she claimed for her Turcomans, and she has M. Lessar's frontier. She has in- deed got so much that without even credit- ing her with any good faith or any intention of maintaining perniauent peace, it might be supposed she would rest for a time. Indi ed it is possible that she may not mean more than a threat now, just to see whether Lord Salisbury is as squeezable as Mr. Gladstone. On the other hand, the Russian war paity may be pressing the Czar's Government to make the most of tho present favourable
opportunity when the prestige of England lias' fallen in Asia, and that of Russia is in the ascendant. The issues of peace and war are with Russia. If she is determined on it, it will break out ; if not, and we confess that it is not very apparent why she should fight now, there will be peace for a while yet.
It ought to be a source of gratification to us colonists to know that the war prepara- tions of the Empire have not been suspended, and that we are probably far better prepared to fight than we were a few months ago. This is particularly the case as regards the ocean. If war should break out now it is almost certain that the Russian cruisers would be so closely watched that they could do us little or no damage. Our local de- fences are in a far better condition than they were, and the chances of an attack have greatly diminished. At the same time it must be admitted that the chance of coming to actual blows, should the i dations between the two countries again become strained, is far greater now than a few months ago. The first crisis came on with an unexpected suddenness which rather bewildered people in England. They saw the Government hesitating and apparently not quite sure of the facts about which it was disputing, and they were bewildered by the clamorous assertions of Russian advocates that the whole quarrel was a mistake. Since then they have become familiar with the position, and unless we misread public opinion in Great Britain there is a deep feeling of resentment and disgust with the part England was made to play. It would not take much rubbing of the unhealed sore to make the smart unbearable, and then there would be an outbreak of public fury which a Government could hardly resist. Besides, what ia the good of resistance. The nations are ripe for war. There is in each a general conviction that war is inevitable, and the sooner it is fought out and settled, the better the chance of a real peaco.
A VERY successful meeting in connection with tho Blue Ribbon Gospel Temperance Mission, waa held at tho Exhibition building yesterday afternoon. Mr. Booth delivered an address, dealing chiefly with gospel temperance, ita objects and scope. As a result of tho mcoling 339 new pledges wero taken, and á(58 persons donned the ribbon.
INAUGURATION aorvices wero held yesterday in the new Baptist Chapel, which has just been completed on the Thompson Estate. The Rev. W. Poole, of the Vulture-street Baptist Chapel, conducted the services in the morning, and delivered a sermon on Luko xxiv, 47th. Mr. Glover preached in the afternoon, and Mr. Cavanagh in tho evening. The new chapel, which is a branch from that in Vulture-street, is situated in the centre of the Thompson Estate. It ia a very ncot wooden building, shingle-roofed, with sitting accommodation for 120 persons. The building is in a fine situa- tion and in a rapidly rising locality, indeed the growth of tho neighborhood has been such as to render a now chapel necessary. The in- terior of tho building is well finished and most comfortably seated. The platform whero tho clergyman officiates, is similar in design to that in the Vulture-street chapel. It may be stated that tho building was designed and its erection superintended by Mr. Mark Taylor, freo of all charge. At each of tho services yesterday a collection was mado on behalf of the chapel fund. For some time to come the services will bo conducted by supplies from other chapels, there being as yet no fixed minister. In connection with the opening of the chapel, a tea-meeting will he held in it on Tuesday evening.
THE annual inspection of Companies A, B, 0, and D, of tho 1st Queenslander», waa mado by Colonel French and staff, consisting of Major Grievo and Captain Dos Voux, on Saturday afternoon, Tho men met at the Boundary - street drill - shed, and there- after marched, with the band playing, to tho old racecourse, whore the inspection took place. There were 171 men on parado. Lieutenants Cardew and Blako were in charge of A Company, Lieutenant Gartsido of B Company, Lioutonant Curtis of 0 Company, and Captain Pain and Lieutenant Jamieson of D Company. Lieutenant-Colonel Mein waa in command. The men, having formed up in line, received Colonel French with a general salute. The march past thon took place. The companies wore afterwards put through the manual exercise, firing exorcise, and field drill by their respective officers. At the close of the nspection Colonel French briefly addressed the men. Ho said they presented a different appearance from that which thoy presented last year when he first inspected them. In all points there bad been a steady improvement. Thoy wero a fino lot of mon. The officers, though some of them wero new at the work, handled their mon well, and this was particu- larly noticeable in the drilling of D Cora pany. Tho non-commissioned officers were all up in their duties ; in short, all who wNjro present were well up in tho wholo drill. Ho should like to seo their regiment the first in the Defence Force, and he had every hope that it would bo so. Ho trusted the men would aid in making it so hy bringing forward good men to join it, and by aiding the officers in keeping the men to the front. He expected that their complete outfits would be hore by the end of the month. In conclusion, Colonel French stated that a class was to be started on the 10th of August for the instruction of officers and non-commissioned officers. The class would meet from half-past 4 to half-postoat the Petrie-terrace barracks. Three ringing cheers wero then given by the men for Colonel French, and the band then struck up " For he's a jolly good fellow." The men then marched bade to the drill-Bhod, the
and playing all the way.
ONE of tho most interesting exhibits at the forthcoming Bowen Park exhibition will bo that now in course of preparation by Mr. W. Soutter, curator of tho Acclimatisation Society's gardens. In addi- tion to u collection of rare and economic plants, there will be exhibited some speci- mens of work connected with an industry, much neglected in this colony-namely, fibre manufacture. Among those samples already prepared are Papyrus grass, of which thousands of aerea aro growing in the colony, and from which can bo produce! a fibre as fine in quality assilkitself. Aloes, Agaves, the Dracona Draco, and a species of palm known as the Raphia Ruffii The last named is indigenous to Ma "aga car, but can be easily grown in Queens- land. The only tree of this kind in the colony is growing lu 'ho society's gardens, and is at present i i a <t cding condition. The manner in which these seeds grow on the fruit spikes is extraordinary and worth sning, if o ly as a curiosity. Fibre of a very stout order can be manufactured from this palm, as will be exem- plified uj> Mr. Soutter. Another interesting preparation is that of a kind of matting which is being produced from the Pandanus utilis, wni'ii can b« f . ely grown in the colony. In Mauritius, sugar bags are manufactured from this matting.
The Colonial Secretary has roceived tho fol- lowing telegram from Mr. H. M. Chester, dated. 17th instant:-"Arrived at Townsville at 7 p.m. this day, all well. Landed boys at forty-nine places in twenty days, without the least difficulty with the natives. Have put ia at Townsville for provisions." From our shipping columns it will bo seen that tho Victoria loft Townsville on Saturday night for
Ii is notified in Saturday's Government Gazette that Messrs. William Horricka and John Keefe, having repudiated a tender for the supply of 3000 cubic yards of broken ballast, for section 6, Northern Railway, havo been, disqualified from succès fully tendering for any Government works for a period of twelve-
months from dato 17th instant.
" THE Shaughraun" will be performed for the last time at the Theatre Royal to-night, The succeeding production-which will be of a very different charaoter-will bo the comedy "Friends." It had a remarkable run in Syd- noy a few years ago, under tho manage- ment of Mr. A. Garner, " Friends'* was the comedy which served to in- troduce poor Fred. Marshall, Miss Annie Taylor, and soveral other clever artists to colonial audiences, which brought about a reform in dramatic representation and led ap- to tho formation of the powerful triumvirate, Messrs. Williamson, Garner, and Musgrove,. The company at the theatre will receive an important addition ta their rauks in the person of Miss Amy Rochfort.
THE well-known English comic vocalist, Mr. Hairy Rickards, and a company specially selected in London by Messrs. Riguold and' Allison, will open in Brisbano for a season of three weeks at the Academy of Music, on Saturday, Sth August.
"THE death of the last Irish Parliament"' was the subject of a veiy interesting paper,, read by the Rev. S. Robinson, B.A., at the Johnsonian Club, on Saturday night. A dis- cussion-initiated by the president in an able
THOMAS SPIÜARD, a passenger by the Q.S.S. Company's steamer Truganini, cither fell or jumped overboard from that steamer while sho was entering Hervey's Bay at half-past
10 o'clock on Thursday night. The event was ? witnessed by several of the other passengers^ and the alarm having been promptly given tie engines of the steamer were immediately re-
versed and a boat lowered within four minutes - of tho timo when Captain Harrison was apprised of tho occurrence. The deceased never appeared above the surface, and every means wcro used to effect his rescue but with- out avail. Deceased took a ticket at Bunda- . berg for Sydney, and was under the influence of drink when ho went on hoard. It is sup- posed that he has left a wifo and family in Bundaberg, where he carried on the business of
THE official loports for tho twenty-four hours ended at 9 o'clock on Saturday morning show that rain has fallen at Cape Moreton, 0-35in.j, Cooktown, 0-80in.; Inskip Point, 0 02in.; and Port Douglas, 0-10in.
A CORRESPONDENT sends us a few additional particulars respecting Sir R, Loyd Lindsay,
| now raised to tho peerage :-" Young Lindsay
began life, as your notice states, as an officer in tho Guards. From this it might bo inferred that ho was wealthy ; such, howovor, was not tho case ; ho was a poor man, took to soldiering as a profession, and was appointed adjutant to his battalion. In that capacity ho was present at the Alma, and subsequently took his part in tho siege of Sebastopol, winning, as you say, , ono of tho earliest Victoria crosses distributed. Indeed, if my memory is not at fault, he was ono of the first batch. Aftor his return from the seat of war, society was certainly astonished to hear that the nearly penniless Guardsman was affianced to Mils Loyd- Jones (not Jones Loyd), the daughter of Loyd-Jones, after- wards Lord Overstone. She was an only child, and her banker father was onoof tho wealthiest
mon in Europe It was said of him that he - lived on tho interest of tho interest of his in- come. Thoro wos, however, nothing mean or aordid about him. He lived in every com- fort, but his tastes were simple aud tho re- verse of ostentatious. His accumulations were therefore enormous, and his daughter the best match in Europe. After the first surprise was » over the verdict seemed to bo that the father had only dono right in allowing his daughter
to bo mistress of her own destinies and that - sho had been right in her choice. Sho had abundant nionoy of her own, and in ínarrying young Lindsay sho was matched to ono of the finest fellows in England. It was bruited about at the timo that the father, when speak- ing to a friend about tho arrangements he had made for them, said that he did not believe in young people having too much money and,, therefore, he intended to give them only £40,000 a year. Tho story is probably apo-
cryphal, but the mero fact of its having becn< current is characteristic."
BY a typographical error in our leader of Saturday last, the stoiago capacity of' the Enoggera Reservoir was greatly understated. Tho figures should have been :-Storage capacity, 1,000,000,000 gallons; delivery capa city of mains, 1,250,000 gallons every twenty
A MEETING of gentlemen will take placo ia the Town Hall, to-morrow evening1, for the . purpoao of electing officers and the enrolment of founders of the Queensland branch of the Geographical Society of Australasia.
MR. W. STARK, an old and respected resident - o iRcdland Bay, received a severe kick in the - side while feeding some horses on Monday last. He was picked up in an unconscious state and. carried to his house, where ho lingered on till Wednesday morning, when his injuries proved fatal. His funeral was largely attended by tbe rcsidents of the district, with which ho has' been identified for roany years.
THE assemblage at the Theatre Royal last
night at the United Evangelistic service was a - - very largo one ; not a dozen chairs were unoc- cupied, and lhere were a large nufflber standing in tbo dress circle, tho groat proportion of the audience being young men. The City
Missionary ionk the chair and read a portion« of Scripturo frjm the revised edition of the Old Testament, Mr. O. Moira], tho town mis- sionary in connection with tho Wesleyan Church, and Mr. Logan led in prayer. The singing was led by tho Evangelistic Choir, of whom about thirty wero present, several being away suffering from severe colds. The hymn " Where is my Wandering Boy To-night ?" was very sweetly sung as a solo and chorus, and seemed to bo highly appreciated by those pre- sent. The chairman cave a few remarks and
then called on Mr. Win. Jones, the general ' secretary of tho Y.M.C.A, who was suffering
from a severo cold, but gave a short, earnest address on the parable of the "Lost Sheep," and said that sometimes ho thought the gospel was put too cheap, that we cannot bo saved ey coming only, but we must givo up also ; re- pentance to night and going back to the same sin next morning was not the repentance of God's word. The address was listened to with. , much attention. The amount put into the plates at the door was £3 IK 9d.
THE first annual meeting of the Bellevue Presbyterian Church, South Brisbane, hitherto known as the new Presbyterian Church, was held on Friday evening, the Rev. W. Anson Smith, interim moderator, in the church. The
report submitted from the committee of management showed that £12-22 had been raised
since the formation of the congregation. A
new church had been budt at a cost of £449. The Sabbath School report intimated that the number of scholars in connection was ISO and 15 teachers. The meeting then considered the desirableness of calling a minister, for although the Rev. Mr. Carson has officiated for nearly four years he has only been a supply, and it was unanimously agreed that the Presbytery be approached with a view to a call. The election of a committee of management fcr the ecsuing twelve months was then proceeded with, and also auditors. Thanks were voted te the interim moderator and session, and also te i lioso gentlemen who had given services during the initiatory proceedings. At it lina bee
found awkward to continue calling the chale ?AW" Presbyterian Church, tho title will ¡ii futrre be " Bellevue." Devotional exercises nn.i i vote of thanks to the chairman brought tho meeting to a close.
DR. THOMSON will tonight continue his course of lectures to the Volunteer Ambulance Corps at the Divinity Hall. Tho lecturo is "On. somo Medical Matters and Poisons," and will form the eleventh of a series of thirteeu. The course has been largely attended hy ?visitors, and a good deal of interest has boen shown in the subjects from time to time "brought forward.
THIS following are the raapristrates whoso names appear on the roster for atten- dance at tho Police Court during the «urront week : - Messrs. R. L. Armour, W. A. J. Boyd, J. D. Campbell, B. Cunningham, J. Fenwick, B. T. Gartside, G. Harris, J. Jackson, T. Leliano, W. H. Mar- shall, W. J. Munee, A. R. H. Pictzcker, G. D. Russell, W. Steele, E. W. Walker, and G.
IN accordance with tho arrangement mado on Friday, Mr. Murray, as representing the Slue Ribbon Committee, waited on the traffic manager on Saturday, and subsequently on the Commissioner for Railways, to arrango for special trains to run to the Exhibition building during Mr. R. T. Booth's mission. It was arranged that, on the committee guaranteeing £50, or £5 each for ten trains-that is, five trains to and five trains from the Exhibition building-the department will undertake to run a apeciul train each night at 7.35 from Roma-strcot to Bowen Park, and a return train leaving Bowen Park at 10 p.m. Return tickets will be issued at excursion rates-namely, 6d. first-class and 3d. second-class.
A LAUGE coloured map showing all the rail- ways opeu for traffic, under construction, or proposed, in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia, is about to be issued. A glance at this map shows how the adjoining colonies are directing their railways towards the borders of Queensland with tho avowed object of tapping our trade. This map lias been prepared in the office of the Chief Engiuccr, Brisbane, for publication with the Commissioner for Railways' report, and was lithographed at the Government Lithographic Office. The Commissioner ia to bo congratu- lated on the idea, and the draughtsmen on the admirablo manner in which they have carried
A MEETING, called by advertisement, of tho employés of the various cordial and aerated water manufacturers was held at the Grosvenor Hotel onFriday night. The meeting was a fairly representativo one, men being present from all the firms in the city. The convener of the meeting, Mr. J. O. Johnson, was voted to tho chair, and explained the object of calling them together-namely, to form an asssociatiou for tho purpose of reducing the present hours of labour, which aro in the hot months excessively long, and to prevent the probable fall in wages consequent upon the low prices ruling in Bris- bane for aerated waters. Discussion followed, and it was unanimously agreed that it ia ad- visable) to form an association for tho abovo objects, but in order to give many other employés, who through ono cause and another were unavoidably absent, an opportunity of attending, it was thought beet to adjourn the meeting till noxt Wednesday evening at 8 p.m., when a large muster may bo looked for.
AMONGST the improvements contemplated at Southport is one which will greatly facilitate tho business of shippers besides adding considerably to the comfort and convenience of the frequenters of the township-i.e., the projected alteration to tho pier and the erection of commodious baths, the latter to bo supplied with hot water iu addition to the customary swimming baths. Tho jetty will bo so constructed as to be 3ft. wider, and supported on iron piles, and whilst now roscrubling the letter L in the ground plan, after alterations aro completed it
will show the form of a T. It is antici- pated that by means of the improvements thus mado two or three steamers will be enabled to berth at the pier, The baths will consist of an open space for swimming pur- poses, and will bo an enclosure of GOft. by 40ft. surrounded by strong galvanised iron netting for the protection of bathers. Rooms arc to bo provided on a platform running round tho enclosed space. A fcaturo in connection with tho affair is the erection of hot-water baths. These aro supplied by pipes, and situated in a cottago on tho Bhoro.
A CONSIDERABLE quantity of pulp fruit is imported into Brisbane as well as Sydney and other Australian capitals, and the question of duty payable thereon has frequently boen raised. This pulp is simply fruit boiled down in large quantities without the addition of sugar, water, or othor ingredients. The fruit, it is contended, is boiled merely for tho purpose of reducing the bulk, and so saving freight and other expense. When received it is not sold, nor is it saleable, but it is merely im- ported by the jam-makors to assist in their industry. A case was recently de- cided by Mr. Justice Williams in New Zealand which will doubtless bo road with interest throughout the colonies. The matter came before the court in tho nature of a special case. The Collector of Ouatoms had deemed the pulp in question to bo a " preservo" within the meaning of the Act, and tho plaintiff had accordingly paid the sum of £8 18a. 9d., being the duty at l£d. per lb., on 14301b. of the pulp which had been imported from Hobart. Exception, however, was taken to tho collector's interpretation, and his Honour was asked to determine the point. His Honour in giving his decision, said: I feel perfectly satisfied that this production does not como within the meaning of tho term "preserves" as mentioned in the schedule to the Customs Act. I read the sentence, "Jams, jellies, marmalade, and preserves," as specify- ing tho three species of one genus, and that lastly given as a generic term, so as to includo any species of the same genus which are not before specially mentioned. The term "preserves" ought to ho construed in an ordinary and colloquial senso, unless it can be shown that there was a special trade meaning attached to it. In the ordinary colloquial sense the term "preserves" is a generic term, and comprises confections of fruit prepared for consumption. The three principal species of this genus are no doubt jams, jellies, and mar- malade It may be, for aught I know, that there are other species of this genus, and tho generic name " preserves" was in my opinion put at the end of tho sentence for the purpose of covering any particular species that were not covered by the terms "jams, jellies, and marmalade." I can conceive of no mortal man
or any_ housewife for a moment considering
that this boiled fruit comes under the head of "preservea." It might just as well be con- tended that if fruit wero packed in ice or placed uuder tho action of some antiseptic to prevent fermentation, that it came under the term " preserve." It would be preservation in one sense, but I do not think for a moment it comos within the ordinary sonso of the torm "preserve" as used in the conjunction in which it is used in the schedule to the Act. The answer, therefore, will be that tho con- tention of the plaintiff is correct.
THE amount deposited in the Wharf-street Penny jBank on Saturday evening last was
£8 6s. 6d.
"SNAKES" will be the subject of a lecture to bo delivered by Dr. J. C. Ellison in the School of Arts Lecture Hall next Friday evening.
MEMBERS are reminded that to-night is the subscription night of the City and Suburban Permanent Building and Investment Society.
THE last masquerade ball of the season in
connection with the Scandinavian Union ia
advertised to be held in tho Academy of Music on the 4th August.
THE programme of a concert to be given in the Academy of Music on Friday evening next, as a benefit to Mrs. James, will bo found in our advertising columns.
DURING the week ending 18th instant, 236 saloon and 237 steerage passengers arrived in Brisbane per steamers from the South, and 175 saloon and 143 steerage passengers left for the Southern colonies.