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COLUFIELIS SHEEP ODUSITiY (By Lance Le Souef in "The Pastoral Review.") It was perhaps natural that men who were looking for country on which to grow, wool in Western Australia should follow the coast' line and work their way gradually to the north. First G'eraldton, then Carnarvon, Onslow Roebourne, and on to the Kiimbereys. That - the goldflelds area stretching for hun- I dreds of miles north of Kalgoorlie was pastoral country was realifed, only by one or two men who wanted to fatten stock for the Kalgoorlie markeat. This only meant a few cattle and sheep, mostly cattle, as the idea had grown up that the' country was not suitable for sheep in the first place, and was over-run with dingoes is the. second place, and anyway water was supposed to be salt. The condensing plants in the , early days of the goldfields, the goldfields water supply scheme, all tended to. give this country a bad name from a water point of view. But nothing can stop mining, and mines were worked and townships formed all through the country. A few Government wells were sunk to provide water along the road for teams for the mines. It was found that the salt area did not 'extend very far north of - Kalgoorlie, and that by sinking good istock water was obtained. Tiis gave butchers supplying the miners with meat the idea of fattening stock locally for market. For many. years this was all the attention that the country got from a stock point of view. But gradually a ohange came. The Kalgoorlie and Boulder Firewood? Company took over Erlistoin, and sent in cattle to Kalgoorlie that realised up to £32 per head. " Also, good sound horses came from this count;ry. Sheepbreeders were bound to hear of these things, especially as Messrs. Horan Bros., butchers, of Kalgoorlie, found that a small flock of sheep run on one of their properties did fairly well. Netting fencing as- a protection from dogs was not though of then, and the sheep were shepherded. Consider ing that the Laverton-Leonora rail way was laid down years ago right through this belt of country, it is still more extraordinary that it was neglected for so lons by sheep men. But in the last few days the cattle stations and those men who were wise enough to chance the country for sheep are -now finding themselves on velvet. Plenty of mixed feed. grass and shrubs and salt bush, plenty of water for the sinking, and a railway almost at the door make a proposition pretty hard to beat. Glenorn Station. Malcolm. A typical station is that of Glen orn, purchased a few years ago from Horan Bros. by the Mt. Malcolm Pastoral Co., of which Mr. E. Le froy and Mr. Chas. Taylor are man aging directors. Mr. Taylor managing the property for the company. This is a tip top sheep proposition, not in carrying capacity altogether. but in high class wool production. Food, water and dry climate, the essen tials of merino wool, are all as nearly, as good as they can be. To the original Glenorn Station has recently been added Mernong, the adjoining property to the north the whol: making a fairly compact block, totalling half a million acres. The railway runs right through the' property, having five stopping places within the station boundaries. The convenience that this is to develop in.g the property is obvious. A oom fortable homestead is in course of completion. Like the rest of deve lopment work on the statioi, its erection was a matter of energy, see ing that it was formerly a mine mrLan ager's residence. The house was taken down. loaded' on two waggon. 'and transported 130 miles to the centre of Glenorn, where it was re erected without sign of wear and tear. It is now a comfortable '10 roomed bungalow, with a wide ver' andah all round. Much formation work has .been carried out. The whole area is to be enclosed with a netting fence. A recently erected drafting yard near one of the wells is by way of being rather a model of neatness and solidity, The fact that the mulga scattered over the country grows a straight stick makes neat fences and; yards a possibility. Mr. Tay-i lor is.putting in good work in car rying out the fornmation of the sta tion, or, as it really is, two stations at once. This work strikingly il Lustrmat.es the advata.a that aheo?an

mean to a district:; Work is going on all over the run, and that means wages circulating, tons of fencing material, windmills, stores, etc., are transported over the railway, and finally tons of wool will be sent away to help the railway revenue. Railway Commissioners should really take off their hats to the men who are developing the back coun try. Seemingly they doi't though. From a sheep carrying point of view an outstanding feature of both Glenorn and Mernong -is the open saltbush country, stretching for many miles, and carrying saltbush) bluebush, and other fodder plants. About one-third of Glenorn and a quarter of Mernong is of this class of country. In about the centre of Mernong is situated the Mount Morgans mine. The mine draws its water from a well sunk about a mile away on a flat. This well is 80 ft. deep and is drawn on at a rate of 4000 gallons an hour for a week every month, the pump working the 24 hours. This only lowers the water a few inches. Mernong is really a wonderful property. In parts of it water is near the surface, with the result that herbage growth is above the average, especially in a dry season. Firewood cutters for the mines cut most of the old mulga trees. The result is ai crop of young mulga that is going to be an item as sheep feed. The v'iew of the country from the lookout on the roof of the Morgans mine manager's residence is worth seeing to anyone who has the idea that this is desert country. A sea of green stretching as far as the eye can reach, bounded on the horizon by hills. The green sea comprise; part of the station. On Glenorn is a large lake of a rather peculiar geological foirma tion, seeing that the floor is mostly formed of a smooth soft rock' out cropping in places at an angle of 40 degrees. After heavy rain 'the lake formdta breeding ground for many swans and ducks. The country off the salt bush plains is open mulas and scrub country, carrying wanderi and other grasses, as well as varieties of pars guela-a country that gives every promise of producing wool that will become famous, and it is the South Australian sheep man who is real ising this rather than the W.A. pas. toralists. Quite a few of these pro nerties have nassed to South Auntra li-an owners lately. Wall they' are wise, for it appears a fairly safe bet that Kalgoorlie will be the centre of a very imporbant sheep area. Glenorn, as the two starions are to be called, averaged 24d. last year for the clips. Tops 294d. Cost of transport per bale to wool floor 251. The flock has been increased during the last three years from 2000 to 10,000. The objective of the owners is 30,000. By then the station would be in the front rank. At present, in spite of a long dry season' over years, both fat cattle and sheep are going to market. There are fifty proved wells on the property, most of -which are equipped. The average rainfall over many years is 9 in. per annum. - A -mob of Glenorn fat sheep; carrying six months' wool, averaged 40/8 per head in Kalgoorlie sale yards recently, and a mob of cattle averaged £16 11/ per head; anil there is not a 'green blade of grass on the run, ,and has not been for two years, owing to dry seasons. As it seems necessary to discount the above .to some extent, it is aas well to state thatý sone of this coun ·try' carries permanent 'surface water. Pools lIstjing for months are not iuncommbn in the. creeks and clay !pans. Against this-is the fia that ~t stook water can be obtained for the sinking almost anywhere a;t a depth of, 8.to, 80 feet. Tho factb :tha~t leading men frout old ;established - wool-growing 0ce8 tres in the eastern States are puin chasing stations in the distriot, amn putting them snder sheep, soill4 make local men who have been' fof tunate enough' to start in this coumf' try realise that their judgment ha$ been endorsed by some of the best judges of sheep country in Austra~ lia and that the investment is oun that would be very hard to beat . a business proposition. "If you refuse me," he swor- Ui shall die." She refused him. 8 years later he 'died. i

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