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THE LEEUWIN LIGHT- !

. HOUSE.

DEDICATORY CEREMONY.

(FE031 OUR SPECIAL BEPORTEE.)

' KABBIDALE. December 10.

The nienibers of the Ministry and the jmrliainentary party left BIr. Davies' resi- dence at about 9 o'clock this morning for the Leeuwin lighthouse, where the cere- mony of dedicatiugfchat importantstructure to the mariners of the world was to be per 'formed by the Premier, Sir John Forrest. Tho weather was somewhat overcast ; but,

îoi'i unátely, fclke rain lield oft*, which, per 1 mitted oí thé drive through the forest be-

ing greatly enjoyed. The extreme south- western dbrner of the colony, on which the

Oovernnient determined to build the light- j house «structure, was reached by the party j

about noon, and some little time was then spent in inspecting the work. Captain SBusseliè (the Chief Harbour Master of the fcolony, was on the spot to welcome the Iparfcy; and some busy bands bad been at work; in gaily bedecking the light- house itself, long strings of flags being euspVud^d ajike from the flagstaff ana ^he top: of ,-the lighthouse. A descrip £ion pf the building and light bas already

ppeared' in the WEST AUSTRALIAN. It inay.bere be mentioned, however, that the

eite : élisent'for the building is that îarourédby the Premier, namely, along and ínaítow neck of land which projects

out into the sea at the extreme south-

wester^,point on the coast, with huge rocks and nasty look"1? breakers on either Bide of it. The structure is an imposing one ated is 'supplied with one of the most I Jnodernlights, furnished by the well-known finn ' .oj: Chance tyros., of Birmingham, England. The light is composed of a bi- valve o^calapparatus, and is the first of its fcize and. arrangement yet made. The two panels are strongly stayed and connected, audarôinoùnted on a carriage made to re- solve :bj suitable clockwork in such - tnanner! that the flash, from each of

them t¿9ts ^ne-fifth of a second, with ira intervening eclipse of ' four and tour-fifth seconds. The light is several, thousand cehdle power stronger than that tit Rottnest, which was also supplied by Messrs? Chance. The power of the Leeu- win light ^through the lens is equal to 250,00$".candies, and in clear weather tho light.wiÚ be^jfiible for a distance of about 25 miles. The lighthouse.bas also been fitted up with telephone apparatus, secur- ing communication with the lighthouse keeper 8 quarters, which are connected 'with tjbe Post aud Telegraph Office at Karridale. It will be by this means, at any rate for. tba present, that reports of ressejs having passed, or been sighted, will be communicated to the officials at Karriadale, BO that they eau be telegraphed thenee jfco the metrópolis. The lighthouse ls also'fitted up with a number of speaking tubes to facilitate communication from

the men on the topmost floor of the build- ing with those on the lower storeys, and .a\ spiral staircase extends from the ground floor to the room in Jrhich -the light is placed, convenient landing étages being so provided every

¡8Qft. or'so. Soon after the arrival of the party" ,at, the" lighthouse the Premier, accompanied by Lady Forrest and most of the other visitors, ascended to the lantern tower for the purpose of applying a light to the"wick, of the lamp. The Premier and the other jguests were received by Mr. P." ffaylor; the representative " of the Messrs. Chance, who explained to those interested the niëchanism of the apparatus. The Premier; haying performed Ihis duty, the party descended the basement, where, after che grpup had been photographed by the Chief Commissioner of Police.

of dedicating - the lighthouse to the tnariiiere of; the- world was to take place. Thé" ceremony was begun by Mr. Poole, the Colonial Architect.

Mr. POOLE, speaking to the Director of Pub^s/Works, said :-This work has been Completed, and I bave pleasure in saying that I am sure by the reports that I lia ve received from the supervisors and the in- spectors who have had charge of this work that it has been well done. The craftsmen were skilled in their work, the material was 5>f good quality and was well used, and this Jaoble work, this fine work, of which the details of construction, we are assured, are food, is an important one, and I have the

onour ió bequest that you will takö poses sion of on behalf of* the department and the Government.

-, Mr. H. PIESSE, Director of Public Works^addressing Sir John Forrest, said the ceremony they were met together to perform was one of the niosfc im Sortani jn the interests of the colony,

he Premier had always taken a great interest in the placing of a light at-Cape leeuwin and it must therefore be gratify- ing to him and to the Government to be ¡able to take part in the dedicatory cere- mony that day, the ambitious idea at

which they had worked having how been J fonsummated. The work was one of which j jbhey wefe justified in being proud. The Workmanship had been alluded to by the Colonial ^enitect as having been carried out in a" nïÔBt faithful manner, and they would agree with him that no further evidence beyond the lighthouse itself was

necessary to show the Premier's wonder- ! Sui faith in the progress of the colony.

?hey were all proud that Sir John was now holding the position of Premier of the Dolony, and that the work of erect- ing a lighthouse at the Leeuwin had lleen completed during the time he was

at the head of the Government, and

it now devolved upon him to ask Sir John, j as the Premier, to dedicate the lighthouse j

THE ¿EREMOS Y

I to the world at large. Tho lighthouse

would be of great help to those mariners who were accustomed to visit the colony, and to all whose occupation necessitated their traversing the ocean and encounter- ing the dangers of the deep. The placing of a light on the ijeauwin would be . of immense . advantage to all navigators, especially in times of storms, who had occasion to approach this part of tho Aus- tralian coast. When they remembered that it was only since the early part of this century that the wonderful mechanism they had just inspected had been perfected, and that in the early part of the century tho famous Eddystone lighthouse was lighted with candles, they would recognise the great progress that science had made. The light was a credit to the makers as the building was a credit to the architect. He hoped it would long remain to prove a blessing to those hardy mariner's whoso duties brought them near to Australia's shoros, and that it would long prove of great advantage to the colony. He then requested, the Premier to dedicate the building to the use of the public and the benefit of the world at large. (Cheers.)

The PREMIEE thanked Mr. Piesse for the very kind manner in which he had asked him to dedicate the lighthouse to public use, and he assured them that it was very gratifying to him to have the opportunity of doing as they desired. It was just about a year ago since he had the pleasure of laying the foundation stone of the build- ing, for on December 13 of last year many of those who were present on this occasion assembled to witness that function. It was a matter for congratulation that the work had been so speedily and so well per- formed. He was sure that anyone who had taken the opportunity of looking at that great structure must be convinced that many things had conduced to its present condition. They were f ortunate in having excellent stone close at hand with which to build the structure, and they appeared to have had good contractors and capable supervisors, so that they were now able to show the people of the colony and to offer to the world a magnificent structure, de- signed and executed for the world's benefit. A lighthouse . at Cape Leeuwin had been talked about in this colony for many years, and probably the question had been dis- cussed more in other parts" of Australia than it had been in Western Australia. It was a noble work, and one which succes- sive Governors of this colony had desired should be undertaken. He well remem- bered the great interest that was taken by the late Sir Frederick Broome in the establishment of a lighthouse at^that spot. Sir Frederick visited the place with the Admiralty surveyor ; and, most probably on the very spot on which they now stood, he designed in his own mind to carry out the great undertaking that had now been accomplished. Sir Frederick, however, was nuable'to obtain the co-operation of the eastern colonies in the carrying out of the . work,' although, he tried very hard to gain their assistance, and at that time the colony was unable to undertake the work itself. Thinking of the great interest that Sir Frederick Broome took in the matter, their hearts, he was sure, would be touched by memory of him, and they would regret that such a man as he was-such a noble figure in the public life of this colony-had been cut off in bis prime and

in bis strong manhood so early in life. After the introduction of Responsible Government which took place in October, 1690, the Government, of which he was the head, introduced to Parliament at its first meeting a Loan Bill in which au item providing funds for the erection of the Cape Leeuwin ' lighthouse appeared. In February, 1891, he asked the Legislative Assembly to grant the necessary funds for the work, and the money was granted. It would therefore be seen that a long time -nearly six years-had elapsed irom the time when the Legislature acquiesced in the vote until the work was completed. Various things had contributed to the de- lays, but of all the difficulties the question

of the site was the most troublesome. Many other delays had occurred, but all the difficulties had been overcome. The lighthouse would prove to be au important adjunct to the colony in many wayo. First of all, it would be a lighthouse for the ocean-going steamers. It would be im- portant as a station from which ships could be signalled as they passed by. It would be important also as a principal meteorological station, being situated on the south-western extremity of the Aus- tralian continent ; and it would be most useful for the purposes of local naviga- tion, as ships trading round the coast would find it of inestimable benefit. It would further be of very great benefit indeed to the ships engaged on the high- ways botween the old country and Aus- tralia^ He was sure it must be gratifying to every public man and to the people of the colony that this work had at length been completed. From the time when more than 100 years ago Australia was taken possession of by the British up to the present, ships had come from the old country to this continent. They bad gone to and from it, and had carried thousands he might say millions of people-and all thoBe persons on approaching the shores of Australia had bad no welcome light to greet them, nothing whatever to cheer them, or to show them they were arriving in a hospitable country. He was sure that those who had bad the opportunity of travelling in one of the ocean steamers from Colombo to this con- tinent must have felt that when they caught the first glimpse of Australia that there was - nothing at its south-west ex- tremity to signal their advent. On the contrary, there was nothing but the low coast, made all the more dispiriting by the fact that their ships bad to keep a con- siderable distance away from the land, with nothing whatever to welcome or cheer them as they approached the shores of Australia, or to give them light in the way wherein they should go. He was glad, indeed, that that would all be changed now. -# Henceforth this light would shine - out its welcome to strangers approaching our shores and guido

them safely* to this land. It would not only shine, but it would be au emblem of welooxns and would give joy and com- fort, it was to be hoped, to millions of their countrymen coming this way in the future. It would be the chief milestone on the

ocean highway between the mother country and the. continent of Australia.. He felt certain that that day must be, to all those who took an interest in the colony and its position as a self-governing country, a day. of rejoicing, because the structure which hod been completed was an index of the great prosperity that was going on in the colony. It was also a proof that they, the people of the colony, had done something, not for personal gain, not for profit for themselves, but for the benefit of humanity. It was a work which he fully believed would remain therefor all time. Science would perhaps provide even a better light than they had been able to procura, but he believed that the lamp was one of tho very best that the great Chance Bros., of Birmingham, the greatest makers of lights in the world, were able to produce. It would last not merely for au age, .but for all time. The carrying out of this work also showed those in other parts of the world, and' those who took an interest in their affairs, that they wé^e doing their duty in the day of their great prosperity as a self-governing country. They were that day engaged i upon a wprk which would be a tribute to j Australia. It was also a tribute to the Sand Empire to which they belonged, and

the whole civilised world. Surely then this should ba a day of rejoicing. This was a far- off country, no donbt-far away from the centres of civilisation in the old world. They-had served in this part of Australia a long apprenticeship of toil and difficulty. They had been isolated and unknown, but- bo was glad to say that those conditions were now changing anil that the colony was fast becoming promi- nent in- the world. This work had been undertaken, not with the assistance of others, as was desired by th? late Sir Frederick, , Broome some ten years ago, but it had been undertaken and com- pleted with the colony's own .funds. (Cheers.) It was not a work for this Colony; which had no large merchant service of its awn. The ships that-came here were owned in other parts of the world, and he would therefore repeat that the construction of the Cape Leeuwin lighthouse showed that this colony, with its own resources, had desired to do its duty not only to its own people but to all the nations of the earth. (Cheers.) Sir John then read a declaration embodying the terms of the dedication as follows : "On behalf of the Government and the people of Western Australia I dedicate this lighthouse, erected. at Cape Leeuwin, the extreme south-west point of the Australian continent, to the world's mariners."

The Bight Rev. Dr. RILET, (the Anglican Bishop of Perth) then offered up a prayer. He prayed " That this light may be a light of hope for those in danger ana distress, and a light of welcome for those who come to these shores, and for our- selves. We pray that as we toss upon the. stormy main of life we may always 6ee be- fore us burning brightly the light of Truth, and at last reach the haven where we all would be." His Lordship also made

a short speech, in the course of which he

-i....-A i-l-^i. ¿-1-_1,4- t- £__1_A.:

Bracea vnmi wie puoiic ougat to reel grati-

fie d at tho fact that the work of erecting the lighthouse had been accomplished. They should also congratulate the Govern- ment on (ixe fact they hacL-he believed, the longest coast line of any colony; and since, he bad been in the colony, which was only a very short time, they had ereclel two great lights which they had dedicated to humanity. Personally, he was delighted to be present, because he came from Birmingham. He was born in that city, and they bad got one of the best lights in the world from Bir- mingham. Net in himself-(laughter) but above them in the tower. He had travelled a good deal over the sea in diffe- rent parts of the worldTand from his heart he thanked the people, of the colony for having provided this magnificent light for the mariners of the world. (Hoar, near.)

¿Sir GEORGE SHENTON also spoke. Ha said he was the representative of Lloyd's, the largest insurance company in the world, and he joined with those present in congratulating the Government on jfche completion of the lighthouse. The insur- ance companies of course ran very big risks on the policies on the ships trading to Western Australia, and it had always been a source of anxiety to the under- writers owing to there being no light on Cape Leeuwin. When they remembered the long stretch of ocean from Colombo to the Leeuwin, without any island on the way by which the captain of a ship could correct his position, they would be able to recsgnise the value of this important lighthouse which had been erected by the Government. By the provision of thia building a great amount pf anxiety would be removed, as this mag- nificent light would throw out its rays and welcome the voyagers to the shores of Aus-

tralia.

The DIEECTOE of PUBLIC WOBKS, ad- dressing the Chief Harbour Master (Captain Bussell), said : ¥bu have just beard that the Premier has dedicated this light to the marinera of 'the world, and as Director of Public /Works, which department has bad charge of the construction of this building,.! have now the pleasure of hand- ing it over to you, as you are tbe chief officer who will ¿ave the care and the cus- tody of the lighthouse in the future. I hope that-every success will attend the efforts of those in charge, and that they will faithfully carry out their duties to your satisfaction and to the satisfaction of the colony generally.

Captain RUSSELL, in reply, said that he bad great pleasure, as the representative of tue department responsible for the proper working pf the lighthouse, intaking charge of it, and be hoped that the officers and employes who would be entrusted with the important and responsible duty of looking 'after it would carry out their duties satisfactorily. There were verv few

lighthouses in the world where the diffi- culty of obtaining a suitable site bad been greater than in the case of Gape Leeuwin. He spoke of the excellent lantern that had been provided by Messrs. Chance Bros.', and slid that it was the largest oil lamp in

existence.

This completed the dedication ceremony.

THE LUNCHEON.

Luncheon was provided later on at the quarters of the lighthouse keepers. Mr. Piesse, Director of Public Works, presided. After the repast the usual loyal toast of the Queen was proposed by the chairman and duly honoured.

The PREMIES (Sir John Forrest) then proposed the toast of " The Architect, Mr. Geo. T. Poole." He was glad they had amongst them the .gentleman responsible for the designing. of the structure which had that day' been dedicatäd, and under whose guidance and superintendence thc work liad been carried out; Agreat respon- sibility rested upon, those who had the superintendence of such buildings as light-

houses. They wera not in the same cate- j gory as buildings of an ordinary character, because when the -storms were raging at their fiercest was the time, of trial. It therefore became necessary above allier the lighthouse tobe built on very solid foun- dations of rock, so that the structure would be able to withstand the elements of all time. He believed the responsibility which bad rested on Mr. Poole bad been recog- nised and his work carried out in a way that was to his credit; He (Sir John) believed that the building would be a per- manent one and that it would- endure. (Hear, bear.) His thanks were therefore due to Mr.- Poole for producing such a freat and noble structure as they bad that

ày inspected. (Cheers.)

Mr. POOLE, in reply, thanked Sir John for bis courteous words, which had gone home to bim with unusual forcé, in view of his early retirement from the service of the Government. One thing that made an architect less eloquent than anyone else was that he allowed his work to.speak for him! He was persuaded that the Cape Leeuwin^lighthousa would always speak well for the men who tonstrúefaed *it, and '. would, be thought, also 'say one" word of kindness for himself. He was proud of the

work indeed.

Mr. F. H. PIESSE (Director of Public Works) proposed the toast of the "Con- tractors, Messrs. DaviesJind Wishart," and. referred to the very fine structure which he said would be a monument,, both of the architectural skill of the designer and of

the contractors' goodwork. It would alsol>e ' a monument of the Premier's, enterprise, for it was one of the greatest, works he had ever undertaken. ' He covid oaly speak of the contractors as men who had done a great deal of work for ,-the Government in different parts of the colony from time to time-work which . had been done satis- factorily and well. From his observation of their latest work, the lighthouse, and from reports placed before him by different officers of his department/ who bad been entrusted with the control. of the contract os behalf of the Government, and who had spoken very highly of the work in every instance, he judged that, the struc-

ture was well erected. Of course there bad been exceptions taken by those who had

been in charge of the work ; but what csu

1_1_J.1_i-- _T-i-T. -1.;_i;_. _1.

tract was there to which objection was not

tabea in some direction. It wai the duty of the officer to watch the interests of thc Government, and if any».undue pressure was brought to bear ou those officers in any i direction, or if any unfairness . waa done,

the Government expected thein/to do their duty. If the supervisors found faults with the structure it wai their duly tb report them, and further, if the contractors put any bad material, into the lighthouse, he was sure it had been .taken but again.

Even contractors ware human* and had not always perfect," control . over their workmen and the material placed in the buildings . entrusted to them, and occasionally mistakes* would, occur. He did not mean that any mistake had occurred in this instance, but he had not had an opportunity of looking thoroughly over the work. As mention had been mads in the Press of this matter, he had referred to it, and he felt it his duty to say that the Go- vernment of the colony had had fair play from tho3e who hai be,en engaged in this particular work. The building was well constructed, and . the materialthat had been-placed in it was the best- obtainable

within a reasonable distance of the site of

the lighthouse. That ft would be a lasting structure they would all admit from the Observations that had, been,inade, and also from the reports made by . the officers of his department. Ho wished the con- tractors, on behalf. . of the. Govern- ment, every success, and he thanked them for the manner in which they had carried out. the work. It had

bean a pleasure to work with them, and their reputation was sufficient to guarantee I good and lasting satisfaction being given

to the colony. (Hear, hear.)

Mr. WISHART, a member of the firm of Davies and Wishart, briefly replied. He stated that from the outset they recognised that the lighthouse was not a work to be built of rotten stone/and his instructions to his men were to the effect that no materia was to bs used ia its erection but that of first-class quality. He himself " bossed " the work to about 60ft., and the founda- tion and other works , in connection with the structure were properly constructed. Mr. Bushby then came'eu the. scene, and he carried the work out without Tnalriiig any complaints. Mr. bushby's reporte to the Works Department were favourable nntil such time as Mr. Bushby came to conceive that he was the man to " bess " the whole concern, and that all the rest of them were mere nonentities. He (Mr. Wishart), how- ever, had " bossed " the work so long that he contended that he had a right to have

some say in the matter. He and Mr. '. Bushby thereupon came to cross pur- poses, and it was not in consequence of his reports on the class of work put into the building that Mr. Bushby was removed. His removal was decided upon for other reasons. The

matter was reported to Mr. Poole, who sent down the best inspectors to report, on the building. The work was therefore stopped for five weeks, but the contractors were so confident of what they had don9 that they still went on dressing the stones for the lighthouse. Mr. Har- wood also came down and examined all the stones to be seen in the building. Of course, it was possible that a faulty stone might have got into the structure,

but whenever such a defect had b?oa

pointe! out the defective stones had baoa removed. The report about the badness of the stone had got into the papers through spite. He had had to do with the carrying out of works in the other colonies and his firm would readily submit the character of their work at the Leeuwin to the verdict of

any inspectors in the world. {Hear, hear.)

Mr. L. J, DAVIES also responded. He said that Ar. "Wishart had referred to the little question regarding the materia in the lighthouse that bad rècently lïoeu raised in the Press. He was not going to refer to the practical part of it. Of course the business of all contractors involved the question of pounds, shillings and penca, but no contractor who was worthy of the name respected that consideration alone. He had a feeling of sentiment which prompted hi ai to do his' work well. Both his father and Mr. Wishart had borne that idea in mind

when doing this work. They had regarded it as a work of national importance and de- termined that a first-class structure should be put up. Of course, they had seen tho statements in the Press regarding the material used in the lighthouse. He was not prepared to say that the stone was as stiff as the conscienc s of the gentleman who made those statements, or as hard as his skin, or as dense as his brain was. They contracted to put stone into the building, and not adamant. He asked them to look

at the building as completed, to consider

.the reputation of the contractors and the , reports made by the officers of the Depart«

ment,'and then place them against unsup- . . ported statements of a gentleman of whom very little was known in this colony. As far as the contractors were concerned, they were quite willing to allow that monument of their faithfulness to stand for all time. (Cheers.)

Thé PBEHIEB proposed th» toast of "Messrá. Chance Brothers, of Birming- ham," who had supplied the light.

Mr. P. TAYLOR, a representative of the firm, in reply, said that he was certain that the lighthouse was well constructed, and that the material was sound.

Mr. L. J. DAVIES proposed the health of " The Ministry" in appropriate terms.

The PEEMIEE, in reply, said that it was regretted that that portion of the country should be so sparsely settled. He was de- lighted" with the district, and ha wished he conld make his visit an annual oue. It

was à country which, he was sure,

was capable _ of doing groat things, . I and he hoped that~ those who had

tho time and the means would visit it, because he could not be- lieve that the district would always re- main as it was now. It was capable of supporting a large population, and every rood of it would afford a living for

one man.

The ATTOBNEY-G-ENEBAT, also replied ia a humorous speech.

The proceedings then closed.

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