SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE.
At the present time our readers may be in- terested in a brief historical sketch of the South Australian Institute. This popular and useful institution has grown out of the old South Aus-
tralian Library and the Mechanics' Institute, both of which were founded in the early days of the colony. We are not aware of the precise date when the library was started, but the Insti- tute was founded in the year 1847, and about 12 or 18 months afterwards the two societies were amalgamated. The library was placed under the charge of Mr. N. S. Quick, now secretary to the Attorney-General, and a considerable number of books were speedily collected. The Institute appears to have originated with Messrs. P. W. Walker and J. Bryan, who called
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE INSTITUTE.
a preliminary meeting to organize it. This meeting whs held at the Eagle Tavern, Hindley- street, and was presided over by Mr. E. W. Andrews. A public meeting was subsequently held at the Theatre on the 10th of September, 1847, which resulted in the formation of the Mechanics' Institute, under the management of the following officers:— President— W. Smillie; Vice-presidents —F. Dutton, Esq., R. D. Hanson, Esq., Dr. Kent, and J. Ridley, Esq.; Committee— Messrs. N. Hailes, W. Weir, F. H. Faulding, A. J. Murray, J. H. Pace, J. Pitman, J Bryan W. Bickford, Dr. Davy, S. Goldsack, Thomas Robertson, B. Weston, J. Phillips, T. Y. Cotter, Joel Roberts, J. H. Lucking, J. Edmunds, P. Parkinson, and B. Ross; the hono- rary secretaries were Messrs. H. Hutchings and P. W. Walker. The Institute proceeded under this management during the year 1848, when a proposition was made by Messrs. Graham and Ridley that if an amalgamation could be effected with the Institute and the South Australian Library, they would give £100 each towards the further purchase of books, &c. After some negotiation and delay the amalgamation was effected under the title of "The Mechanics' Insti- tute and South Australian Library." The library was removed to a large room in Peacock's Buildings, Hindley-street, in which the classes of the Mechanics' Institute had been held, and the late Mr. Nathaniel Summers was appointed librarian. In addition to the advan- tages possessed by the members in regard to the library, a conversazione was held every quarter, consisting of lectures and musical entertainments given chiefly by amateurs. Some time after- wards the library was removed to more central premises in the Exchange Chambers, King William-street, where a large room was used both as a reading-room and as a library. About the year 1855, the library was in a wretched state. There was an old catalogue, almost useless; it was next to impossible to get the book one wanted, many volumes were entirely lost, subscriptions were in arrear, and the general state of the concern was about as low as it well could be. At this juncture the Legislature stepped in, and by the Act passed on the 18th June, 1856, incorporated a body called the South Australian Institute, to which the South Australian Library and Me- chanics' Institute at once handed over their books and property. The management of the affairs of the Institute was vested in a Board of six Governors, three of whom were elected by the members, and three were appointed by the Governor. A grant of money placed the affairs of the Library on a firm foundation. The new Act opened the reading-room to the general public, without payment of any kind. Thus laborers and mechanics could instruct and amuse themselves in the evening at their ease, instead of being shut up to the public-house as their only resort. When the new reading-room of the Institute was opened it was nightly crowded, chiefly with artizans and workmen, who flocked in between the hours of 7 and 10, occupying every available seat, and reading every paper and periodical. Meanwhile the library was being thoroughly cleaned and overhauled. New works were sent for from England, and very soon the one room in use was too small to hold the books. Another room was, therefore, added, and then another. Votes had been passed by Parliament for the erection of a suitable building on North-terrace, which, under the superintendence of Mr. Edward Hamilton, then Colonial Architect, was rapidly approaching completion. The new building was partially occupied in July, 1860, and was formally opened by Sir C. Cooper at the inau- gural soiree in January, 1861. Since that time its progress has not only been rapid, but sure and certain. It has taken its place as one of our established institutions, and is destined to become the nucleus of the literature, science, and art of South Australia. We propose giving a brief account of the various departments of the Institute, believing that it will not be without interest to friends at a distance, and even to those in Adelaide who take pleasure in the advancement of literary institutions.
The present building contains a large entrance hall, on the right of which is the library, on the left the reading-room. The coffee and chess- rooms, secretary's office, &c., open out of this hall. Upstairs are the museum, class rooms, and school of art. THE LIBRARY is contained in a spacious and lofty apartment. A gallery runs round the room about halfway up, and is ascended by a flight of light iron stairs. For purposes of study members are admitted into the body of the room, and have free access to the books. Those who take home books to read obtain them by enquiry from the librarian or his assistant, at a counter placed just within the large door. The books of the library are issued to subscribers only, and as the subscrip- tion is very low — £l per annum, with an entrance fee of half-a-crown — the library is placed within the reach of all classes. The following table shews the number of subscribers, books in library circulation, and amounts ex- pended in books, &c., from the 30th September, 1857, to the 30th September, 1863. [Table follows, with footnotes. See footnotes below.]
(1) This number contains all the names on the books at the time of the establishment of the Institute, and is greatly in excess of the actual number subscribing at that time. (2) Including about 900 volumes sent out by the Patent Commissioners, containing specifications of patents from the time of James I. These books are Goremment property, but are placed in the Institute for safe keeping and public reference. (3) Books and binding from October, 1856, to December, 1859. (4) From December, 1860, to September, 1861. In the catalogue of the library the books are classed under various heads, each distinguished by a letter of the alphabet Thus, Class A, comprises works on Moral and Mental Philo- sophy ; B, works on History, &c. ; C, works on Biography; D, on Geography, Travels, &c. ; N, on Poetry ; Q, on. German literature; and so on. [End of footnotes to table.] The arrangement of the catalogue is defective in one respect. It is very difficult to find a book in it unless the author's name is known. Of course, in the case of standard works on science or art the name of the author is known, but with many new books the case is otherwise, and the arrangement necessitates a search throughout the whole of the Class to find whether the book required is in the library. No donbt the diffi- culty is greatly obviated if Mr. Benham, the Librarian, can be seen, as that gentleman is a perfect walking catalogue, but should he chance to be out a subscriber will not always find the search for a book an easy matter. In history, in geography, and in travels, as also in scientific works, it is exceedingly useful and saves much time to have all the books relating to one country, people, or subject brought under one head, instead of having to look under the author's name for each work in consequence of the subject being scattered throughout the Class. Some alteration in this respect has been made in the supplemental catalogue just issued, but a fresh arrangement would, we think, conduce greatly to the convenience of subscribers, and may be worth the consideration of the proper authorities when a future edition of the catalogue is required. The fact is, a perfect catalogue must be a double one; first, a list of all books arranged under the names of the authors, and, secondly, a list of all books classified with refe- rence to the subjects upon which they treat.
Referring to the classes into which the books are divided, we note a great disproportion between the number of the novels and works of fiction (class M), and works in the other classes. This is accounted for by the fact that the library is for the most part a circulating library. The books may be divided into two great divisions : works of reference and study, and works for circulation. To the first-class belong those which from their size, nature, or rarity, are not suitable for circulation, but are procured for the use of students. To the second class be- long works of history, biography, general literature, and especially novels. The popular reading chiefly consists of works of fiction, and as the taste of the subscribers has to be con- sulted where their subscriptions are matters of consequence, as they are at present to the Institute, works of fiction must be kept up. The system of circulating the library, while it has not only the advantage of contributing to the funds of the Institute, but the still greater advantage of encouraging family reading,
has, however, its disadvantages — disadvantages so great as may even render it necessary to discon- tinue the circulating system in course of time. The constant noise occasioned by persons coming for books is an annoyance to those students who may wish to avail them- selves of the works of reference in the library. To this it may be answered that there are very few students now, which is true ; and partly because of the very disturbance complained of; but it is to be hoped that the number of real students will increase. Then, again, there is never any certainty of the book required being available, owing to the demand for it for circulation. Then, we must not omit the very serious defacement and destruction of books after they are put in circulation, and the risk of their total loss. At present should a person desire to look up a passage in the works of any leading author, it is almost useless to go to the Institute for it. The chances are five to one that it will be out, and should it be in, it will probably be in a filthy state of grease and dirt, reeking of tobacco smoke or stale beer, and possibly containing marginal notes made by aspiring youths with greasy fingers. Many works are in this state, and the only way in which the evil can be avoided, as long as the books are allowed to circulate, is to have a separate copy exclusively for reference, and not permitted to be taken out of the room. The only difficulty here is the financial one. The circulation of the books is most desirable, but it is also desirable that a public library be kept in a clean and readable condition. Admitting fully the advantages of scattering knowledge broad cast by the widest possible circulation of useful books, it is still a great desideratum to preserve the library. Many works now in circulation can never, from the state in which they are, be placed permanently on the shelves of the library, where it is most desirable for public convenience that they should be found. There is only one other matter in connection with the library to which we shall advert. This is the exclusion of controversial works — no doubt for some reason or other — but for reasons the utility of which we are totally unable to com- prehend. It will scarcely be affirmed as desirable that a national library should reject whole classes of literature, nor if it were desirable, does it seem right that merely controversial works should be in the index expurgatorius. For, apart from every other consideration, this class of works is highly important as landmarks of the state of the human mind at particular periods, and they often supply the key to important changes both in social life and in the policy of nations. That they are capable of doing mischief among those persons who do not take the trouble of thinking for themselves is true, but the poison is seldom without its antidote, and it is altogether opposed to the tendencies of modern thought to place an embargo upon intellectual effort, and to establish a censorship in connection with a national library. We desire to see the library as complete as it can be made, but this object will never be attained whilst the Gover- nors of the Institute, sitting in conclave like high-priests of literature, are to decide dog- matically what the colony may read and what the colony may not. The exclusion of the Essays and Reviews, and of Bishop Colenso's works, from a national library, is a piece of gross illiberalism. Of the general management of the library we can speak in terms of the highest praise. Every care and attention is shown by the Secre- tary, Mr. R. S. Benam, to whom the sub- scribers are greatly indebted for his civility and knowledge, both of which have been frequently put to tne test, and have seldom been found to fail. THE READING-ROOM is the corresponding room to the library on the opposite side of the entrance hall. It is a well ventilated and comfortable apartment. At first the reading-room, like the library, was open only from noon till 10 p.m., but the Governors, in order to afford greater advantages to the public, have now caused it to be open from 10 a.m. till 10 p.m., and have no reason to regret the altera- tion. During the whole time the room is occu- pied by readers of all classes, there being never less than five or six persons there, and being generally well filled in the evenings, especially for a few days after the arrival of the English mail. In addition to the South Australian newspapers, which are kept regularly filed, about 76 different newspapers, magazines, and periodicals are taken in; and the total number kept up regularly, including duplicates, is 177. These are divided into the following classes:— South Australian papers 8 Colonial ditto 7 British and foreign ditto 22 Magazine and other monthly perio- dicals 25 Reviews, &c., quarterly 14 We subjoin a list of the magazines, with the numbers taken in of each. Some idea may be gained of the general taste from this list, it being borne in mind that a few extra copies of some of the cheaper magazines are ordered :— All the Year Round 12 Art Journal 2 Bentley's Magazine 3 Blackwood's Magazine 4 Boys' Own Magazine 4 Builder 1 Chambers's Journal 6 Cornhill Magazine 9 Dublin University Magazine ... 3 Eclectic Review 3 Farmers' Magazine 1 Fraser's Magazine 5 Good Words 4 Intellectual Observer 1 Leisure Hour 2 London Society ... ... ... 4 McMillan's Magazines 5 Mechanics' Magazine ... ... 1 New Monthly Magazine S Once a Week 9 Philosophical Magazine 1 St. James's Magazine ... ... 5 Silliman's American Journal ... 1 Temple Bar 9 United Service Magazine 1
In their last report, the Governors refer to the unauthorised removal of periodicals from the reading-room, which is persisted in by some of the frequenters, and they appeal to the general readers to afford their assistance in suppressing this very reprehensible practice. Another much worse action is also referred to. Some time ago some person had the dishonesty to cut out and steal the whole article on bookkeeping from the latest edition of the "Encyclopaedia Britannica," and the same thief (apparently) has during the past year continued the practice, for articles on the same subject have been cut out of "McCulloch's Commercial Dictionary" and "Maunders Treasury." All efforts to discover the perpe- trator of this disgraceful act have been fruitless, and the Governors have been compelled to order fresh copies of the mutilated works. THE MUSEUM. A long room on the first floor is devoted to the museum. This department of the Institute is under the especial charge of Mr. Frederick George Waterhouse, a brother of the well-known gentleman of the same name at the head of the Palaeontological Department of the British Mu- seum. It would have been difficult to select a person in the colony more fitted for the Cura- torship of our Museum than Mr. Waterhouse. He is heartily devoted to the study of natural history and its kindred subjects, and possesses a great fund of useful information. Under his care this department of the Institute has steadily improved, and it already contains the beginnings of what will eventually become a most important national collection. Mr. Waterhouse has exerted himself heartily to collect specimens, and form collections, and he has had considerable difficul- ties to encounter in the carelessness or apathy of persons who are in the way of collecting curiosi- ties. It is singular — but it probably arises from the fact that people are not generally speaking domiciled in the colony — that so little trouble should be taken to procure specimens of natural objects for the purpose of preserving them in a museum. Whenever collections are made they are sent home, or to friends out of the colony, so that we lose many things which are highly im- portant as illustrating the fauna of this country. It is the more important that these should be procured as rapidly as possible, as many species are becoming very rare or dying out, and will be utterly lost to science, but still, unless the public co-operate, it is impossible for the curator, with the very limited means at his disposal, to procure specimens himself. The total amount spent on the museum for the year ending 30th March was (including the curator's salary) £189 16s. 6d. More cannot be spared from the funds of the Institute in justice to the other depart- ments. Letters have been received from the curators of museums in the other colonies to exchange their collections for ours,
but from want of funds the curator here is ob- liged to decline the offers, and thus we are further deprived of many objects of interest and value. It must not be understood, however, that the museum is wholly neglected by the public. Several valuable presents have been made to it, such as a collection of coins and medals by Mr. Paxton, Fijian curiosities by Mr. W. Owen, weapons of the natives of Africa and Australia, and some relics of Burke's exploring expedition, brought from the interior by Mr. John McKinlay. The museum is open to the public daily from 10 a.m. until dusk, and is moderately, not largely, visited. The contents will be best shewn by the following extract from Mr. Waterhouse's last annual report, dated 30th September. "AVES.— There are now in the museum about two hun- dred specimens of birds, nearly all of which are from this colony, and amongst which are many rare birds. A steady and satisfactory progress is being made in this department in consequence of an arrangement made with Mr Gardner, who has an extensive knowledge of the habitats of our birds, and is a skilful taxidermist, and who being now en- caged in shooting and stuffing birds is monthly furnishing the museum with from twenty to thirty specimens at a very moderate charge. It may now be anticipated that the next annual report will show the museum to contain an extensive and interesting collection of the birds of this province. "MAMMALIA.— The few staffed animals at present in the museum consist principally of our marsupials, amounting to about a dozen, with a few skins. PISCES.— There are also about twenty specimens of fishes, among which is a fine tiger shark (Crossarchus Wattsii) and five species of undeacribed fish from the interior. REPTILIA-— These consist of twenty-five stuffed speci- mens, comprising two large undescribed snakes of the boa tribe from the interior, some colonial snakes, a few rare species of lizards, and the carapaces of several species of tortoises. INSECTA.— The collection of insects contains about 2,000 specimens, being, with very few exceptions, coleopterous insects of this province, and a case of butterflies from Queens- land.
"MOLLUSCA.— The collection of shells amounts to about 1,930 specimens;but it is to be regretted that it is very poor in genera (there not being more than 45); but the value and utility of this collection could at any time be greatly increased by adding to the number of types of genera — an addition which could be easily made at a small cost. There is a large assortment of duplicates in the Museum, and I would wish to call public attention to the mutual advantage arising out of a system of exchange. "MISCELLANEOUS.— The miscellaneous specimens of natural history consist of a few species of Crustacea, radlata, and about 50 skulls of various animals, birds, and fishes.
[The annual general meeting of the South Austra- lian Institute was held in the Reading-room on Monday evening. There was a very limited attend- ance. On the platform were the Very Rev. the]
"MINERALOLOGY AND GEOLOGY.— A case of minerals and rocks (about 300 in all), with a few specimens of polished marbles and some silurian and other fossils. This collection is the property of the Adelaide Philosophical Society. "A collection of 105 smail specimens of various crystals, metalic ores, &c. "A collection of copper ores from South Africa, pre- sented by His Excellency Sir George Grey; also an inte- resting collection of the fossil flora of, and the rocks asso- ciated with, the coal measures of Lancashire and Yorkshire, presented by William Murray. Esq. "A series of the racks and fossils illustrating the geolo- gical formation of tbe Newcastle Coal Mine, New South Wales, presented by E. J. F. Crawford, Esq. "The miscellaneons minerals. &c., consist of various spe- cimens of volcanic and other rocks from the neighborhood of Angaston; specimens of the volcanic rocks of Mount Gam- bier ; also those collected during the expeditions of Mr. J. McKinlay andHr.J. McDouall Stuart, consisting of varie- ties of granite, jasper, chalcedony, &c ., to which may be added a few specimens of copper ores from some of the mines of this province. "The fossils of this province at present in the museum are but few, and consist principally of shells from the valley of the Murray and the Adelaide Quarry ; also a few from Mount Gambier. with some fossil remains of extinct ani- mals from the Far North, and a few shells from the same locality." EVEKING CLASSES. Among the advantages offered by the Institute to the public are the classes which are held in the rooms upstairs several evenings daring the week. One hour is devoted to each subject, and the following classes are now established :— French, by Mr. H. Nbotnagel, two hours twice a week. German, by Mr. Greffrath, two hours twice a week. Music (Hullah's system) by Mr. H. Price, once a week. Drawing, by Mr. C. Hill—Ladies' class, two afternoons in the week, two hours each. Gen tlemen's class, four nights a weak, two hours each. These classses are, with the exception of the drawing class, very poorly attended, and it is somewhat difficult to understand why the public do not more extensively avail themselves of the opportunities of instruction thus offered. Such, however, is the fact, and we can only hope that time will improve matters. Much more popular are the COURSE OF LECTURES delivered in the reading-room of the Institute, which are always well attended, and frequently crowded. Four courses are delivered in the year. Each course consists of eight lectures, one being delivered every alternate Friday during the series. The lectures are occasionally scientific, but are more usually on literary and historical subjects. They occupy about an hour each, and judging from the interest they excite there is no step the Governors have recently taken with regard to the Institute more popular and successful than the establishment of these lectures. In addition to these lectures, we must mention the quarterly soirees, which take place in the Adelaide Assembly Room, there being no Hall in the Institute building large enough to accommodate the crowds who attend them. Some complaint has been made to the effect that the soirees are very expensive and unprofitable. It has been clearly pointed out, however, that these entertainments are of great service, and though apparently a loss in a financial point of view, are not so in reality. They save the expense of a Collector, for no person whose subscription is in arrear can obtain admission except by paying full price as one of the public. The cause of the soirees being apparently unprofitable is that they are almost entirely attended by the subscribers, each of whom, is admitted with one lady free. We presume that if it were the expressed desire of the subscribers that a charge for admission to the quarterly soirees should be made, the Governors would accede to their wish, but it is very questionable whether this would be a step in the right direction, or whether it would augment the funds of the library. AFFILIATED SOCIETIES. Exclusive of the library subscribers, who rank as an incorporated society, and elect a Governor (the new Act authorises them to elect two Governors), there are two Societies incorporated with the Institute — the Philosophical Society and the Society of Arts. The advantages of incorporation to these Societies are that they get the use of a room for holding their meetings, and they each send one of their body to the Board of Governors. Whatever property they acquire passes, in case of their dissolution, to the Institute, and none of it can at any time be removed (unless temporarily) from the build- ing. These latter conditions have been con- sidered hard by the members of the Societies in question, and some efforts have been made to alter the system, but it is considered that should the Societies referred to become defunct, the Institute has the best right to inherit as their heir. From the last reports both the above-named societies appear to be flourishing, and there is little ground to fear from their present condition that the property they may acquire will vest in the Institute. In the case of the Society of Arts there seems some hardship in compelling the property to be kept in the building. This society has an annual exhibition of pictures and works of art, but there is not a room in the Institute fit to hang pictures in — it was not an object contemplated — and the society feel that if they could get a suitable room for their exhibition elsewhere, it would be an advantage ; but by the terms of in- corporation, they have no power to remove from the present building without the permis- sion of the Governors. This permission would doubtless be readily granted by the present Board, but future Governors might not be so considerate. The new Act, by prohibiting the permanent removal of the property of the Incorporated Societies, seems, however, to inti- mate that removal for temporary purposes must be allowed. COUNTRY INSTITUTES. The South Australian Institute has not only been a great boon to the inhabitants of Adelaide, but it has done an important work by raising up kindred institutions in various parts of the colony. The date on which the first of these was established is not known, but it is thought probable that the people of Gawler Town were the leaders. There are now thirty-five country institutes affiliated to the South Australian Institute. These institutions receive assistance from the Parent Society having books regularly forwarded to them for circulation, and by having lectures delivered by persons connected with the South Australian Institute. The usual plan of these lectures is as follows: — A number of gen- tlemen volunteer to deliver certain lectures in the course of the year to the country Institutes, and send in a list of their subjects to the Board. The Secretary sends a list to each Institute, which chooses the lecturer and lectures, and communicates thereafter with him. The Insti- tutes pay to the Governors £1 1s. for each lec- ture delivered, and half the travelling expenses of the lecturer, and the Secretary in Adelaide pays the full amount to the lecturer. We may mention as a proof of the advantages thus offered to the country Institutes that for the current year from 30th September, 1863, to 30th Sep- tember, 1864, 14 gentlemen, have tendered their services as lecturers, and have given & choice
of 84 different lectures on different subjects. An annuaJ vote of £500 has been hitherto passed to aid the country Institutes, and this money is distributed among them by the Board of Governors. The country people feel the value of the libraries, and add to them of their own accord numerous and valuable books. We conclude this sketch of the progress of the South Australian Institute by heartily wishing it success and prosperity. Its impor- tance and value in a young colony like South Australia can hardly be over-estimated, and with all its shortcomings it is doing its work in a manner that no one connected with it need be ashamed of. The Secretary of the Institute, Mr. R.. Kay, renders most valuable services to the institution, and we may here remark that to the information courteously furnished by that gentleman we are much indebted in the compilation of the foregoing sketch. ANNUAL MEETING OF THE INSTITUTE, The annual general meeting of the South Australian Institute was held in the Reading-room on Monday evening. There was a very limited attendance. On the platform were the Very Rev. the
Dean, and Messrs. K. Blyth, M.P. and J. H. Clark. Mr. J. Howard Clark presided, and apologised for the absence of Mr. Wyatt, President of the Board of Governors. He then called upon the Secretary, Mr. R. Kay, who read the minutes of the last annual general meeting, which were confirmed. The follow- ing annual report of the Institute was laid upon the table:— ANNUAL REPORT, 1862-3.
"1. The Board of Governors of the South Australian Institute have now for the seventh time the pleasure of presenting their annual report to the members of the Insti- tute, and of congratulating them upon the satisfactory progress made during tbe past year. 2. Carrying out both their own views on the subject, and the request made by the subscribers to the library at their last annual meeting, the Board have taken the necessary steps to procure an amended Institute Act, for the purpose of giving the subscribers to the library an additional repre- sentative. For this purpose the Board had originally in- tended to have procured the reintroduction of the Bill pre- pared for a similar purpose in 1861, but withdrawn in consequence of the opposition it met with. As, however, had this course been adopted there would have been three Institute Acts in existence at the same time, it was thought better to take the opportunity of endeavoring to obtain the consolidation of the existing Acts, and the embodiment of the proposed alteration in a new consolidated and amended Act. By this means, provided the Bill which is at present under the consideration of the Legislature passes into law, the former Acts will be repealed, though their substance will be retained, and of course much risk of contagion and misunderstanding will be thereby avoided. "As the contemplated alteration in the representation of the subscribers to the library is precisely what was proposed by the Bill of 1861 above mentioned, its nature will perhaps be most conveniently explained by a quotation from the annual report presented in October of that year. viz.: — " ' Under the existing Act the subscribers to the library collectively enjoy an equal share with each of the other in- corporated Societies in the election of three Governors. There being at present only three Societies so incorporated, each of these elects a Governor. Had the number of incor- porated Societies been greater than three, each would have had to choose a person, who may be called an elector, and these electors would then have had to select from their number three Governors required. By the Act recently pro- posed it was provided that the whole number of elected Go- vernors should be raised to four, and that the subscribers to the library should have the special and reserved right of electing one of these, altogether irrespective of their equal share with the other incorporated Societies in the election of the other three Governors. Had the Bill been passed the subscribers to the library would have been called upon this evening to elect two Governors instead of one as heretofore. Had the number of incorporated Societies been greater than three, the candidate for the office of Governor who received the largest number of votes would have sat at the Board as the subscribers'representative Governor, and the candidate who received the next largest number of votes would have taken part in the election of the remaining three Governors, as previously explained.' The effect being that so long as there are only three incor- porated Societies the subscribers to the Library will elect two Governors; but when there are more than three incor- porated Societies the subscribers to tbe Library will elect one Governor, and will share equally with the other incorpo- rated Societies in the election of the remaining three. "Some other alterations have been introduced into the new Bill, but they do not appear to be such as require any specul comment in this place. "It is provided in the Bill that a special meeting of the subscribers to the Library shall be called within one month after it becomes law, for the purpose of electing the second Governor; and that after the present year the double elec- tion shall take place at the annual meeting. "3. The usual quarterly soirees have been held during the year, and have all been attended by large audiences. The first took place in December. 1862, when Mr. G. W. Francis delivered a lecture on 'Love.' The musical entertainment was furnished by Mrs Wishart and Messrs. Wilkinson and Beaumont; and the Vocal Class, at that time conducted by Mr. C. H. Compton, sang several part songs during the evening. "The next soiree was held in April last, and derived an especial interest from the fact of the lecture being delivered by the South Australian Commissioner to the International Exhibition — F. S. Dutton. Esq., M.P. — the subject being his personal reminiscences of that remarkable festival of art and industry. The music on this occasion was chiefly instrumental, under the direction of Mr. Chapman, assisted by Mr. Linly Norman at the piano, the vocal part being sustained by Mrs. Fox and Mr. Oehlmann. "The third soiree was given in June, when Mr. J. G. Daly gave his 'Recollections of British North America;' His Excellency Sir D. Dily presiding. The musical arrangements were directed by Mr. Linly Norman and Herr Kunze, and the Board have to express their thanks to the members of the Deutsche Liedertafel for a repetition, at this soiree, of the assistance which they have kindly given on several former occasions. The high character of their musical performances is so well known in Adelaide that it is unnecessary to say more; but the Board cannot refrain from expressing a regret that there is no English Society of a similar character to which they may occasionally look for assistance.
"The last soiree of the year took place on the 24th of last month (September), when the chair was filled by His Excel- lency the Governor-in-Chief; and the lecture delivered by the Hon. Thomas Elder. M.L.C., the subject being his recollec- tion of 'A Visit to Spain and Morocco.' The musical arrangements on this occasion were under the direc- tion of Mr. Chapman, assisted by Mr. Linly Norman and others. "4. The fortnightly lectures in the Reading-room have been continued during the year on the plan shadowed forth in the last report, viz., two series in the year, of eight lec- tures each, with an interval of from two to three months in the summer and winter, when the weather is scarcely suit- able for such meetings. "The following lectures have been delivered since the last annual meeting, viz. :— "'Southampton to Constantinople' — G. French Angas, Esq., M Z.S. "'Nineveh' — James Macgeorge, Esq. "'Mr. Punch' — Rev. W. Harcus. "'Edward Forbes, the Naturalist' — Rev. Canon Rus- sell. "'Locomotion, Past and Present' — Rev. J. Gardner. "'Burns, as a Poet' — Rev. J. Gardner. "'Optics and the Structure of the Eye' — Dr. C. Clark. "'Reminiscences of the Rhine and Switzerland' — Rev. F. W. Cox. "'Voltaic Electricity, Electro-Magnetism, and some Physical Application' — Chas. Todd, Esq. (Two Lectures.) "'Conflicts of tbe Modem Mind' — Rev. J. Jefferis, L.L.B. "'Nature and Value of Rhythm' — F. Sinnett, Esq. "'Life and Writings of Thos. Moore' — Rev. J. C. Woods, B.A. "'American War; or, the Confederates' Struggle for Slavery' — Thos. Magarey, Esq. "'Ceylon and Ceylonese' — W. Cavanagb, Esq., M.P. "The attendance of these lectures has, of course, varied with the weather and other causes, but has always been satisfactory, and occasionally the room has been crowded. "It is to be regretted that the Reading-room, having been designed rather with a view to its proper than to its occa- sional use, is not well suited for lectures requiring to be illustrated by experiments. For this reason the Board fear that such lectures on scientific subjects as have been attempted have not been so effective as could be wished. In such cases the audience ought to be so placed that they can look down upon the lecture-table. When they have to look up to it much of what the lecturer is doing is necessarily unseen by them, or at least seen very imperfectly. "For this reason, as well as for the want of suitable appa- ratus, the Board have thought it desirable to limit the number of lectures that have been delivered on scientific subjects, though fully alive to the importance of that branch of knowledge. 5. With respect the Evening Classes, the Board regret that they cannot report more favorably than they did last year. "The Vocal Class in existence at that time having been closed, and some desire having been expressed that one should be formed to be conducted strictly on the Hullah system, the Board appointed Mr. H. F. Price as conductor, and the class has been in existence for about three months. It numbers upwards of 40 pupils, and the attendance during the quarter is reported by Mr. Price to have been very regular. " The French Class, although a very small one, still regularly continues its studies. "The German Class appears to be gradually diminishing in numbers, the original pupils dropping off by degrees, and their places not being filled by others. "Mr. Greffrath, in his report to the Board, assigns as a reason for this decline the irregular attendance and want of perseverance in some of the pupils. The Board cannot but regret that so few have shown a disposition to avail them- selves of the opportunities afforded by the Institute for the study of a language, the knowledge of which is so especially desirable in this colony.
"The Board are happy to learn from the appended report of the Society of Arts that the Drawing Classes, under the supervision of that Society, are showing satisfactory signs "6. It is with much pleasure that the Board find themselves able to repeat the favorable account which they gave in last year's report of the condition and working of the country institutes. During the past year five new ones have been affiliated to the South Australian Institute, viz., Crafers, Mount Pleasant, Kadina, Penola, and Port Gawler. One at Woodside, formerly called the Onkapirioga Institute, has been revived, after a period of inaction, and has recently been affiliated under the name of the Woodside Institute. Two institutes of recent formation and of no great magni- tude have suspended operations. One has been formed at Melrose, but has not yet been brought into affiliation with the South Australian Institute. "The total number of Country Institutes known to the Board to be in active operation at the present time is 35, of which number 34 are affiliated to this Institute. "The gradually increasing number of Country Institutes, together with the anxiety on the part of most of them for a regular supply of the circulating boxes of books, has made it necessary to increase the number of these boxes, as was anticipated in the last report. There are at present 25 in circulation, and five more are being prepared, and will pro- bably be ready for issue in a few weeks. "The arrangement for the delivery of lectures to the Country Institutes by a staff of lecturers connected with the South Australian Institute, adverted to in former reports, has continued in operation during the past year, and has met with a fair amount of success, although the number of lectures delivered has not been so great as in the previous year. For this it is probable that there have been in some cases local reasons. During the year ending September 30 there have been 28 lectures delivered at 15 Institutes. It may not be out of place to mention, in connection with this subject that the Board have ordered from England a quan- tity of apparatus illustrative of several branches of natural philosophy, and a number of sets of diagrams. These are chiefly intended for use amongst the country Institutes, to which they will be lent under such restrictions as may be found necessary. They will be kept at the South Australian Institute, and used to illustrate lectures as occasion may require. "The Board have, as usual, received and considered the applications from the various Country Institutes for grants from the annual vote in aid, amounting to £500. Grants have been made upon their recommendation to the various Institutes as stated below, and the balance amounting to £59 1s. 3d., has been received by the Board to defray the various expenses incurred by the Board in connection with the country Institutes. [Here follows a table of Country Institutes, with their amounts of cash expenses, with the total £59 1s, 3d., as above.]
"7. No change requiring notice has taken place during the past year with respect to the Incorporated Societies. The Adelaide Debating Club and the Adelaide Young Men's Philosophical Association having amalgamated under the name of the Philomathic Society, the new Society occupies a room in the Institute for one evening in each week, under tbe arrangement reported last year year. "Sub-reports of the proceedings of the South Australian Society of Arts and of the Philosophical Society have been received from the Secretaries of those Societies, and are attached to this report as Appendices B and C. "8. Mr. Waterhoose resumed his duties as Curator of the Museum in March, his engagement with the Government as naturalist to the Stuart exploring expedition having terminated abont that time. "As a formal report from the Curator of the Museum upon its progress and present condition is attached to this report, the Board do not think it necessary to go further into detail on the subject. They must not, however, omit acknowledging the very valuable and interesting contri- bution received from W. Paxton, Esq., now of London, but for many years a resident in this colony. It consists of a collection of coins, amounting in number to nearly 600, and is deserving of special mention, not merely on account of its extent and value, and of the importance of the subject as a branch of history, but as an evidence of kindly feeling and interest in the welfare of the colony on the part of one now far removed from it. The Board have also to acknowledge the kind attention of F. S. Dutton. Esq.. M.P., in taking charge of Mr. Paxton's present from England to South Australia. " Feeling that they could ill spare from the funds at their disposal for general purposes such an amount as would enable them to make satisfactory progress in the formation of a museum, the Board have applied to the Government for an additional grant of £250 for this purpose, and they trust that such a grant will be approved of by the Legis- lature. "9. LIBRARY DEPARTMENT.- In addressing this section of their report to the subscribers to the library, as being more especially interested in the department under review the Board feel that, as the subscribers are themselves in a position to form their own opinions from time to time upon its progress and management, it is not necessary in this Report to do more than express the belief that those opinions are generally of a favorable character — a belief which the statistics given in a subsequent paragraph tend to support. The only point of importance reapect- ing which, so far as they know, dissatisfaction exists is the old, often-repeated one — which is probably coeval with the existence of circulating libraries in any shape — of the difficulty in procuring popular works. It is scarcely necessary to point out that the entire removal of this annoyance is simply an impossibility. To say that a book is a popular one is merely to say in other words that a number of people wish to read it; and when this is the case it follows as a matter of course that, unless the number of copies bears a large proportion to the demand, many applicants must be disappointed. The Board do not possess Mr. Mudie's facilities for buying a large number of copies of a book at a comparatively low price, and of re-selling a considerable proportion of them as soon as the demand slackens. Again, it must be borne in mind that as the recipients of a considerable sun annu- ally from the public revenues, which sum is not given merely for the benefit of the subscribers of the day, but is chiefly intended to promote the formation of a public library of standard works in the various departments of human knowledge, they are not at liberty to expend all their available funds in the purchase of such books as may be at the time in great demand, but deem it right from time to time to purchase books, many of which are both costly and uninteresting to the generality of readers. As an instance, the amount to be paid annually for some years to come for tbe purchase of Mr. Gould's great works on the 'Birds and Mammals of Australia' would, no doubt, have increased the number of copies of several popular books to a very satisfactory extent. After the lapse of a year or two at most, however, many of these extra copies would probably stand idly on the shelves, while with proper care Mr. Gould's noble illustrations of Australian zoology will be a credit and an ornament to the Institute, and afford gratification and instruction to naturalists long after the present generation shall have passed away. "At the same time the Board would willingly adopt any means which, without trenching unduly upon their funds, would afford a reasonable prospect of mitigating the evil complained of, and they will be glad to receive from the sub- scribers present at the annual meeting any suggestions to that end which they may desire to make. "'Gould's Birds of Australia' has been received during the past year, and placed in a press suitably fitted up. Subscri- bers can see it any time when the Library is open. Non- subscribers desiring the same privilege must procure an order from a Governor of the Institute. It has, as might be expected, been an object of much interest and attraction since it has been open for inspection. The 'Mammals of Australia,' by the same author, is now published in a complete form, and it is expected that a copy for the Institute Library will be received before long. "The first supplement to the Library Catalogue has been published within the last few days, and is now on sale, price 1s., at the Institute. It contains the books received from the date of the original Catalogue (February, 1861) to the month of July last — a period of about two years and a half. Its arrangement in all important respects is similar to that of the original Catalogue. "The annual examination of the Library, which should have taken place in May last, was delayed for the sake of the great assistance that the printed Supplement would afford. It will probably be undertaken at an early date. To meet the great demand for the monthly parts of the maga- zines and other periodicals, an increased number of the more popular ones has been ordered. This increase has already taken place to some extent, and in the course of a month or two will be fully carried out; the increase commencing in each case with a new volume. It will not be necessary or desirable that the whole of the copies to be received should be bound for the Institute Library. A portion will there- fore be used for circulation amongst the country Institutes; in which case, of course, the cost of binding will be charged against the funds specially applicable for their benefit. "Believing that it would be a convenience to the sub- scribers and the public to have the reading-room opened at an earlier hour, and finding that no serious inconvenience would result from such a change, the Board determined upon opening it at 10 a.m. for three months, from 1st January last. As the attendance during the additional two hours appeared, in the course of this experiment, to be suffi- cient to make it desirable that the alteration should be a permanent one, the Board decided upon adopting that course, and they doubt not the change has been a conve- nience to the readers.
"Before concluding this section of their report, the Board regret that they have to notice a serious offence against propriety and common honesty on the part of some frequenter of the Institute, viz., the wilful mutilation of some valuable books. "It will be remembered that in a former report they had to record that the article on 'Bookkeeping' had been abstracted from the recent edition of the 'Encyclopedia Britannica.' During the past year the attention of the officers of the Institute has been drawn to the fact that articles on the same subject had been cut or torn out from 'McCulloch's Commercial Dictionary,' and from 'Maunders Treasury of Literary and Scientific Knowledge' — two books which, with a few others likely to be frequently required for reference, were kept on a table in the Reading-room for the convenience of the readers. "In the case of the 'Encyclopedia,' it was found practi- cable to repair the damage by procuring the missing sheets from London. In the present instance, however, it will be necessary to order new copies of the injured books. A reward of £10 was offered for the discovery of the thief, but without effect. "It is also to be regretted that the reprehensible practice of removing periodicals from the Reading-room is still per- sisted in, and that as yet sufficient legal evidence has not been procured to make it possible to enforce the penalty against any one. As some check on this practice it is intended that, for the future, the covers used for the Reading-room periodicals shall be of a different color from those put on the circulation copies. "Before quitting this unpleasant subject the Board would wish to remind the frequenters of the Reading-room that their assistance is absolutely necessary to the effectual suppression of these disgraceful practices, and they trust that it will not be wanting. "10. The statistics of the Institute continue to be satis- factory, showing in most of the items a steady increase. The number of volumes circulated during the year is 52,914; the number of volumes added to the Library during the same time is 1,149; and the total number on the shelves, including the Patent Specifications, is 12,291. No deduction has been made from the last item on account of books lost or con- demned during the year, as the annual examination of the Library has not yet taken place for reasons already stated. A trifling change in the mode of numbering subscribers who have allowed their subscriptions to drop and afterwards re- newed them will make it impossible, for the future, to give the number of new and renewed subscriptions taken to- gether, as has been done formerly. The item, however, is of little importance. The total number of new subscriptions received during the year from persons who have not pre- viously subscribed is as follows:— Quarterly, 200; annual, 21—total, 221. The actual number of subscribers on Sep- tember 30 was, as nearly as could be ascertained, 914. The number of persons who have entered their names in the Application Book during the year has been 283. "11. For some months the Board of Governors has con- sisted of five members only, Mr. James Macgeorge having resigned his seat in the course of the year. The Society of Arts will be called upon to supply the vacancy in the course of the present month. "Dr. Wyatt and Mr. J. H. Clark, representing the Philosophical Society and the subscribers to the library, also retire from office this month, both being eligible for re- election. The Hon. L. Glyde, M.P., one of the Governors appointed by His Excellency the Governor-in-Chlef, retired from office under the provisions of the Institute Act on October 1. As heretofore, the subscribers to the library will meet, after the business of the present meeting is concluded, to elect their representative Governor for the ensuing year." "12. The statement of the receipts and expenditure of the Institute showed that the receipts for the past year had been £2,142 7s. 1d.; expenditure, £2,100 5s. 11d.; leaving a credit balance of £42 1s. 2d. cash in hand and in the Bank. "13. Before closing their report, the Board would wish to congratulate the members of the Institute and those in- terested in it generally, on the recent external improve- ments, which have both enhanced the architectural effect of the building, and rendered the access to it more conve- nient "William Wyatt, M.D., Chairman. "Robert Kay, Secretary. "Sonth Australian Institute, October 12, 1863." Mr. BOUCAUT moved, and Mr. LLOYD seconded, that the report, having been in the hands of the mem- bers for some time, be taken as read. This was carried. In answer to Mr. Lloyd, Mr. Clark said that, according to the terms of Long- bottom's patent, they must give six months' notice of discontinuing the use of gas supplied by that method. This notice had been given, and they would probably before long receive the gas from the city Company; there was some doubt, however, whether they could not make it themselves as cheaply as they could get it from the Company. In reply to the same gentleman, Mr. Clark ex- plained that the cause of the loss on the soirees was that the room was generally filled by members and their families, who were admitted free. Many members subscribed for the sake of the soirees, and if they were abandoned the receipts would probably fall off. These soirees also saved the expense of a collector, as the rule was inflexible that all subscrip- tions must be paid up before members could be admitted. The DEAN stated that the lecturers at the soirees were not paid. The expense of the soirees was met by increase in subscribers. Mr. W. CAVANAGH, M.P., moved, and Mr. LLOYD seconded, the adoption of the report, which, was carried. Mr. CLARK explained the position and number of the Governors. Two of them appointed by His Excellency — the Dean, and Mr. N. Blyth, M.P. — retained office; the third — the Hon. L. Glyde, M.P. — retired on the 1st October, and the office had not
yet been filled up. The fourth — Dr. Wyatt - repre- sented the Philosophical Society; the fifth — Mr. J. H. Clark — elected by the subscribers to the Library, would retire that evening; and the sixth was vacant owing to the retirement of Mr. Macgeorge, who represented the Society of Arts. Mr. N. BLYTH explained the provisions of the new Bill, which gives the subscribers to the Library the power of electing an additional Governor. There would thus be seven in all when the Bill came into operation. Mr. W. CAVANAGH, M.P., moved, and Mr. BOU- CAUT seconded a vote of thanks to the Governors for their services during the past year,, which was car- ried unanimously. Mr. J. H. CLARK returned thanks on behalf of the Board. The Governors had always endeavored to meet the wishes of the members, and he thought that the general acquiescence of the meeting was a token of their having succeeded. Mr. Clark then declared the meeting dissolved, and retired with Mr. K. Blyth. The meeting of the members of the Library then commenced, the Dean being voted to the chair. The meeting then proceeded to elect a Governor in place of Mr. J. H. Clark. Mr. BOUCAUT moved, and Mr. CULLEY seconded, that Mr. Clark be re-elected as a Governor, which was carried unanimously. The DEAN expressed his gratification at the result, and paid a very graceful compliment to Mr. Clark. The re-elected GOVERNOR returned thanks. He had been connected with the Institute for eleven years altogether, and he hoped he would always feel the same interest in it that he had hitherto done. Mr. R. KAY read a letter from Mr. W. A Caw- thorne, stating that he was unable to be present, and forwarding a paper containing a notice of motion re- lative to the creation of honorary memberships. The motion was not entertained. Mr. W. CAVANAGH proposed, and Mr. LLOYD seconded, a vote of thanks to the Dean for his con duct in the chair. This was carried by acclamation, and the meeting separated.
The inaugural dinner of the Association of Old Scholars from the Adelaide Educational Institution (Mr. J. L. Young), was held in the schoolroom, Stephens-place, on Friday evening. An excellent dinner was prepared, to which about 60 old scholars sat down, the invited guests being the masters of the school. Mr. Caleb Peacock was in the chair, and Messrs. E. Cheetham and J. Coulls were croupiers. A number of toasts were drunk with due honour and properly responded to. Several recitations were given and songs sung in the course of the evening. The affair passed off very successfully. We wish the Association success, as it will tend to keep up the esprit de corps of the school, and to promote that good feeling between the masters and scholars which it is a pleasure to the one to experience and an honour to the other to deserve. The annual meeting of the subscribers of the Port Adelaide Institute was held in the Institute Room, North-parade, on Monday evening, October 5, for the purpose of electing a President and five gentlemen of the Committee, in the place of those retiring, and receiving the report of the proceedings of the past year. B. Douglas Esq., occupied the chair. The report was read, which stated, at the completion of the fourth year of the existence of the Institute, the Committee had great pleasure in reporting progress was being made. The number of subscribers for the year was 131, against 95 last year; the number of books 760, against 630, besides a series of magazines (23), extending over some years; the number of books circulated exceeding 6,000 during the year. The subscriptions amounted to £77 7s. 6d o which had been supplemented by a Government grant of £46 12s. 3d., and about 120 books, lent by the cen- tral Institute. Subscriptions to the amount of £29 10s. remained unpaid, which, with cash in hand, would make a total of £49 10s., against liabilities of about £25. The balance of the Port Adelaide Educa- tional Association subscription had been placed in the hands of the Committee, but nothing had been done respecting it. Gratification was expressed at the success attending the opening of the institute during three evenings of each week, for reading, &c., to afford an opportunity to those benefitted by the early closing movement; although attended with extra expense, it would be overpaid by the extra members joining thereby. Resolutions were passed that the report be adopted as read. The Hon. John Hart was re-elected president, and Messrs. Reed, Neill, Menpes, Willimot, and Whitfield elected to the Committee in place of those retiring, and Messrs. W. W. Ewbanks and J. Neill, auditors. It was also resolved that the Committee take steps to collect the overdue subscriptions; and that the thanks of the meeting be tendered to those gentlemen who had supplied the daily journals in the Reading-room, also to those gentlemen who had conducted the business of the institute, and to the Chairman. It was resolved that the Committee make enquiry as to the best means to secure lectures, &c., for the annual soiree.
On Monday 19th inst. a meeting of the Examiners and the Board of Competitive Examinations was held at the Governor's offices to decide upon the Examiners' reports. There were present, His Excel- lency Sir D. Daly (in the chair), the Lord Bishop of Adelaide, the Revs. J. Gardner, R. Haining, and Maughan, Messrs. B. H. Babbage, G. W. Hawkes, S.M., B. T. Finniss, Truer, J. B. Austin, A. H. Davis, Charles Todd, H. Gawler, and J. H. Clark (Secretary). The Secretary laid before the Board the report of the Examiners, and requested them to decide as to the prizes. In the first class he stated there was only one candidate, who obtained 1,693 marks. The Board resolved, that as the candidate (Master Ibbetson) had not obtained two-thirds of the required marks, that he should receive the second prize. In the second class eleven names were entered, but in consequence of the absence of two through illness the number was reduced to nine. The rule adopted in regard to the first class, as to the number of marks, was carried out in respect to this class. Master Harrold Downer was awarded the second prize, Master J. W. Bakewell the third, and Master J. W. Colton the fourth. On the casting vote of His Excellency, honorable mention was directed to be made to the two competitors who tied for the fourth prize, as stated in the programme. Honorable mention was directed to be made as fol- lows:— In the Second Class: History— G. S. Ald- ridge, Alexander Crooks, and E. W. Way. Elocu- tion— E. W. Way. Book-keeping— G. S. Aldridge and J. Martin. In the Second Class, also, W. S. A. Blue was awarded the special prize for elocu- tion; E. W. Way was awarded honorable men- tion for the same subject. Third Class, Senior Divi- sion— The first prize was granted to E. C. Stirling; the second was not granted in consequence of the number being less than last year. Third prize— W. G. Brown; 4th, John Bagot; 5th, Thos. Badman, Honorable mention :— History— Aldridge, J. L. Stirling, W. D. Thomas, and Ward. Geography— J. L. Stirling. Arithmetic— Short, Stirling, and Thomas. Third Class, Junior Division— The Scholar- ship was awarded to H. S. Anthony, who was only one mark above S. J. Magarey. Honorable mention— History— Magarey. Arithmetic— H. W. Thomas. It was resolved that in future no boy obtain- ing two-thirds of the amount he contended for, for the first prize, be granted that prize. In answer to His Lordship the Bishop of Adelaide, the Honorary Secretary stated the delay in bringing up the Examiners' reports was unavoidable.
Tear Sept. 30. 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863
8ob- B*)kB Circa- Amount 614? — 15,773 1 480 — 20,000 V £1,336 IS 10J 527 7,356 32,329 ) 545 8,187 31,121 611 8 1 743 "10,691f 36,067 87 4 115 885 11,142 44,343 892 10 11 914 12,291 52,914 739 8 2
Aldinga ._ Augaston Anbum— Itarra ... Cralera -. Gawler _ Glenclj^— OumenftchA ?? Hindmarflli ..
.- £10 o o ... w 19 t ... 10 o u ... 10 o o ... 5 0 0 ._ 50 0 0 BOO ... 32 14 9 .- 23 I 3 ... seo
Kaponda _ ... - - - - 43 10 6 Maecfcafield .„ ._ ... .- - - ? ? ? Maclaren Vale ... — — — — 16 1 9 Mount Barker — _ _ 10 0 0 Mount Jjotty ... _ — ... — —600 Munno Para West — -? —600 Nairne .- - ... — — ~ - 10 0 0 Oakbank ... ._ _ — — — 10 0 0 Penoia „ - - — — 20 o o Port Adelaide - - ... - - 46 12 3 Port Elliot _ _ ... — .- 10 0 0 Port Gawier ... _ - ._ 10 0 0 Robe _ _ ._ - — — 49 2 10 Strathalbyn _ _. — _ 16 16 4 . Waianga. — ._ .. ~ — _ w o o £440 16 9
Balance (or various expenses of Country In- stitutes, as above stated — 69 l 3
£500 0 0