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THE GOLD DISCOVERY AT THE

YILGARN HILLS.

A member of our staff had an interview, yesterday, with Mr. Colreavy, the leader of the Government prospecting party just re- turned from the Yilgarn Hills. The party reached Northam on Monday night after having fulfilled their contract' which was to make*a three months prospecting trip to the country round Lake Deborah. The party were appointed by the Northam and New- castle Settlers' Association into whose hands the Government had placed the arrangements for the trip. It consisted of Mr. Colreavy as leader, and Messrs. Fraser, Swanson and Glass. They were provided with saddles and pack horses, and a dray carrying rations also travelled with them for the greater part of the journey. A start was made from Northam on Angu3t 24, and the road being a good one and water found at easy stages, they were able to do daily journeys of about 20 miles. About eighty miles out they came to Mr. Glass's sheep station called Mudgekine and when eleven days out from Northam reached Mr. Lukir.'s Wilgaon station. The dray was left at the latter place and the party pushed on with their pack horses. From Wilgaon they proceeded to the Yilgarn Hills, which are about forty miles away. They camped at Enouing, at one station be- longing to Mr. Lukin. This was the begin- ning of the auriferous country. The Yilgarn Hills run from north to south for a distance of about fifty miles, and have a varying bieadth of from two to six miie3. The hills, which are of slate formation, arc enclosed within a country of granite formation. At both ends the ranso is cut off by transverse ranges of hills and at the end a salt lake, Lake Deborah being one of them. The Yil- garn Hills are scarcely the height of Mount Eliza in Perth. Quartz shows bare in them in many places, but it is chiefly of a chrystallino appearance. The party were taken across the hills by one ot Mr. Lukin's natives to a point seven miles beyond, where there was water. They camped there for two days, but as the water then became scarce, they drew closer into the range. As soon as they reached tho bills, Mr. Colreavy bogan

to prospector gold both in reefs and in the

alluvial. First the Eastern side for about twenty miles was prospected, but no indica- tions of gold were feund. A great many quartz reefs wore found, but none of them were of an encouraging character. They were all found to be very deficient in metals of any description or metallic black sand. They never went further down than two feet upon the reefs. The gullies and ravines, also, were all prospected thoroughly for alluvial deposits, bnt the colour was never found. The party then tried the North West side towards Lake Deborah, bnc again did not meet with any success. The lake at the time was dry and one day they crossed it at its narrowest part-one and a half miles but seeing nothing to induce them to stay, returned the same day. Pro- specting on the north-west side of the range wa3 continued for two days, and then the party returned to Enomng, where they continued prospecting in'the' vicinity'of the statióh. As water tit the horth end. of the rangp was getting scarce, the party went there, intending'to return to' Enonirfg to pro- spect'abont the middle1 of the'range. 'After leaving the northe'rn part of the range, how- ever, they did not come back till evening,, bnt went prospecting through the country towards Mr. Glass's station. They found several reefs on the way and took several specimens, but in none of them "was "the" colour visjblo. Between Màhgonino and Yarragin, at a spot called Cowardine, Mr-, Colreavy cam" upon better indications than he found in the hills. The quartz has that honeycombed, rough appearance which so much characterises good quartz. Specimens from reefs here were taken, and Mr. Colreavy has no fear but that gold may be found in them. Wherever they went, the colour in the alluvial was sought for, and at one place, the party went down 13ft. 6 inches without re- sult. The party wore now gradually work- ing their way back and had roaohed Man gorine whan thoy mot Mr. Anstey's party on their way out. That was about October 13, and about ten days later, Mr. Anstey re- turned alone, and he was making his way quickly for Perth. Mr. Colreavy surmised that he had found some gold. The parly continued prospecting in the neighbourhood of Mr. Glass's place until about November 12, when Mr. Anstey returned from Perth, Mr, Colreavy and ono of his mon ratnruod to the Yilgarn Hills with Mr, Anstoy to see the reef. Thoy found that i*- was situated two miles to the eastward of| Enauing, which is on the wost side of the range. Mr. Colrcavy's party had actually prospected for alluvial gold in a gully rnnning to the ¡South from the reef. Tho reef lies near tho foot of the hills and runs along a flat-t jpped ridge.. The cap varies in height from a foot to IS inches, and is about a -foot to eighteen inches wide. A hole,, three feet square and two feet deep had been dug upon the reef, which is about three feet wide, and is very solid. The specimens which were got first of all by Mr-Anatey formed part of tho cap. During Mr.Ansteys absence his men had prospeoted for othor reefs, but had' found none showing gold. While Mr. Colreavy was there, Mr. Anstey's mon got out about 1 cwt. of atone and broko it, but only came upon one piece showing gold. Mr. Colreavy thinks the stone in this reef is fairly promising, and .believes there must bo a good deal of it. He saw the reef cropping up from three tqfourhundrod'yarefs to the north, but to the south it dips. . Mr. Colreavy only stayed for two hour's at the reef, and then returned to his party, When ho left, Mr. Anstey had no intention of returning until ho had testod the reef properly, and also prospected the country abont it. After prospecting around Mr. Glass's place for some days longer, Mr. Colreavy's party worked their way back to Northan}, and in twq qr three, places noticed some portions of countay which seemed worthy of attention from pro- spectors. These, however, they could not visit, as the time for which they wore en- gaged hSd expired. Mr. Colreavy brought back with him several of Mr. Anstey's specimens, some of them showing gold, and also specimens of his own, some of which contain the colour. Though unsuccessful so far as the finding of gold was concernod, Mr. Colreavy thinks th^o country .l^e has visited is welkworthy. the attention of prospectors and thinks tlmt payable gold and also silver may be found there. He did find slate fit for roofing purposes. It would b,o unwise b<2 considers tq send ont partios at present, as tho water supply is failing and, believes that Mr- Anstey will bo obliged to return soon, unless thore are thunderstorms.

The following roport, supplementary to that which appeared in our columns yester- day morning, has been supplied to the Chair- man of the Settlors' Association, by Mr. Col- reavy:-Northam, Nov. 23, 1887. Supple- mentary report. To the Chairman Settlers' Association. Sir,-It is mqst exigent that the CiOVQuirnqnt, with as lrctle delay as poi; svblq, procure q. water supply in the vipini|y qf Mr. Anstey's gold discoyery.v At the pre: sent time thore is only a small tank of w.»tor belonging to Mr, Lukin and a well twelve milos off, not permanent. There is, I think, sufficient inducement to justify a limited expenditure for a water supply, which may bo ¿onad permanent at a depth of from 50 to 100 feet. As storms are prevalent during tho summer months, ij, would be ad -¡asablö to conserve tbe'sforin-water by mak- ing tanks. If that is not done, prqsp,ectu}g must ooaso till the rainy season, which ig abont Juno, Now that gold is found and re. ported it is advisablo that prospecting should be continued till found payable. It is often wisely remarked that specimens aro only specimen«, and do not always prove payable. Such, I regret to think, may bo the case in

value'. The equipment' of bqth' hqiises, and supplies, worn' highly qa£i>iactory..

Bverj thing required was amply provided for the three months with some to spare, which I left in charge of three settlers -Mr. Lukin, Mr. Adams and Mr. Glass. The tools are left at Mr, Glads'« for safo kqephig, t must ramarV that tnre.e monthg was nqt sufficient time to thoroughly prospect SQ exten- sive a part as Yilgarn Rxnge and back tp MT, Glass's, The scarcity of watet compelled us to hurry and leave places untried, which was unsatisfactory, hut we did our very best

under the circumstances. I will give the '

route from Northam to Yilgarn Range, where gold is found by Mr. Anstey's party. The road is very good and level ; water at short stages in many places ; water not permanent: From Northam to Quilguilan (Heaten's) 20 miles, permanent water ; thence to Goomaling (Slater's), 13 miles, permanent water ; thence to Bearding 10 miles, sand hole, water not permanent ; thence to Nemar 10 miles, permanent water ; thence to Binjabery 10 miles, no permanent water ; thence to Wildecatchem 6 miles, water not permanent ; thence to Corrologgin 5 miles, no permanent water ; thence to Mur imbuding 6 miles water not permanent; thence to swamp 14 miles, water not per- manent ; thence to Tranning 7 miles, water not permanent ; thence to Glass's 5 miles, water not permanent ; thence to Yarragin 6 miles permanent water ; thence to Mangonine (Adam's) 12 miles no permanent water; thence to Barbla 6 miles permanent water ; thence to Danjening 14 miles water not per- manent ; thence to Calcalan -10 miles no per- manent water ; thence to Yilgarn (Lnkin's) 10 miles, water not permanent ; thence to Mallangubtin 9 miles, no permanent water ; thence to Elighbuding 8 miles, water not permanent ; thence to Wolgaraonding 9 miles, no permanent water, thence to Irwin (Lukin's out-station) l8 miles, water not permanent; thence to Anstey's gold find, 2 miles, water not permanent.-I am &c, B. N. COLREAVY.

MR. COLREAVY'S OPINION.

Mr. Colreavy conclndes his report to the Northam Settlers' Association as follows : After three months' prospecting I may be permitted to give an opinion. Firstly, it is unlikely there will be much alluvial gold, from the absenso of alluvium and disinte- gration of tho rocks. Secondly, if gold is found payable it will be at a depth, especially at Yilgarn Rar.ge, where the gold is found at present. It is likely to be found rich in hematite and argentiferous lodes, covered with iron hats, which are very plentiful and require systematic prospecting by sinking and tunnelling. Injudicious rushing the place will do much harm and be a source of great misery to many. The prospector will require to cart water 12 miles from a private well of Mr. Lukins's that becomes dry in the sum- mer time.

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