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MgASMNÄl JMES.

ZOGAL AND GENERAL.

TUE revenue of the colony for the qmttor ended 30th September was £40,693 14s. tkL anti the expenditure £43,740 15s. Id.

AT the promenade concert given in aid oft the Baud Fund on Wednesday last, some attrac- tive music was performed. The attendance, unfor- tunately, was not so large as might have been ex* pee tel.

WE understand that the directors of the Perth Ice Company are preparing their plant far the summer season's supply. Operations will pro- bably be commenced some time next month. The rumour spread that no ice would be furnished thin

summer is incorrect.

WJC understand that Mr. John Forrest leaves town to-day-his party having already pre* ceded him-for the purpose of making a reconiiuis sance survey along the proposed railway route between Beverley and King George's Simad. Mr. Price and Mr. Ranford will assist m the work.

THE Commissioner of Railways has accept-

ed the tender of Mr. Hester for the erection of three platforms-one at Butler's Swamp, one at North Fremantle, and one at East Fremantlo-at the rate of 8s. 9d. per running foot. The Commis ioner has also accepted Mr. Churchyard's tender for the erection of a gooda shed at the Perth Rail- way Station, for the sum of ¿415.

YESTBBDAY'S Catholic Record says : " His Lordship Dr. Griver has left town on a pastoral visi«. tation to the Eastern Districts. The Bishop will ad minister confirmation at York on next Sunday, and at Newcastle on Sunday the 30th iost. if is Lord,

ship will also, before returning, alford the Catboliea of Northam an opportunity of »vailing themselves, of his pastoral ministrations." '[

Ws are informed that a minister lias beem secured by the Trinity Congregational Church, which, since the secession of the Bev. Joseph Odgers, some months ago, has been without a, pastor. The new minister, the Rev. Mr. Crawley, has been appointed from home, and, with his family, has taken passage by the Lady Douglas, which was to leave London for Fremantle on the 20th ultimo.

WE gather from the Catholic Jteeord that Brother Atilann. whose limb waa amputated on account of an accident with a mowing machine at New Norcia, died at the Colonial Hospital on Monday last. K The best hopes for his recovery " our contemporary says, " bad been entertained np to Saturday last, but from that day he gradually became worse, being delirious for á good part of the day on Sunday, but recovered his faculties before the end came, on Monday morning at 4 ».ra."

His EXCELLENCY the Governor and Lady

Robinson leave town to-day on a visit to the» Eastern Districts, from which they do not ex- pect to return until the 1st of November. Lady Robinson will therefore be unable lo" perform the ceremony of laying the foundation stone of the Presbyterian Church onTuesday next, as announ- ced in onr last issue, and as bad been originally arranged. From a notice in our advertising columns it will be seen that Lady Leake has kind- ly consented to undertake this pleasing duty.

THE Supreme Court satin its civil" jurisdic-

tion eu Tuesday last In the case of Coffin v. Mackenzie (a chum for well-sinking, at the North West), Mr. George Parker said the defendant had consented to a judgment for ¿125 and coats, and the Court ordered a judgment tobe enteaed ac- cordingly. In the matter of Georg» Knapton.of Fremantle, un insolvent, the Coart, on the appKca of Mr. Parker, granted the insolvent his discharge. ML. Parker (who was the only counsel ift-atten* dime) ah» made an application for Jetten of ad» m i nitration in the estate of the late Mr. Liebler. The application was made on behalf of MM. Huoz and Schmnlz, diamond merchants, of Paris, to whom the deceased was indebted in the sum of A4HÖ0. The application waa granted, and there being nn other business tbe Court rose, and ad* jottrnfd sine die. His Honor, before rising, said the Court would hold a special sittings, ia its cri* minai jurisdiction, on Monday next.

^RTK continue to receive communications of one kind or another ja regard to the Fencing Bill diversity of opinkm being chiefly in respect of details and not of the principle of the measure There is every ground for the belief that, before the Bill is again introduced, that principle, so clearly illustrated by Mr. Thomas Saw, in a letter lately addressed to as-the moral obligation of neighboring proprietors to share ia fencing the boundaries between them-will be accepted by the great "«...ferity. This principle, acknowledged by all our moghbonrs, we.msst eventually act upon ourselves. V. e cannot always reidain the unfortunate excep ' tioh. And the longer we put off the day, the more difficult shall we find it-to introduce this necessary ' legislatiM, batease the more numérotas will become

such indivkiaal cases of either real or fancied hard- ship** have supplied those argumenta ad Imminent which, have wita few, exceptions, been the only weaponsnied against 'the measure. The interval -for consideration before it is brought forward again, will, we have no doubt, be useful in still farther adapting ita provisions to those circumstances with

which it will have to deal.

WHETHER 4 terus-Ariatidee-ColoniBt,' &e., be one and the same person, or separate members of a certain well-known little thqne, is of small consequence. The object he hat, or they have, in view, is quit« transparent, and if the writers are many they have evidently sought the same source of inspiration. That object is to stifle-if possible-all criticism of the public action of their patrons, and all independence of thought ; and te do this by the easy means of reckless slander, and unscrupulous misrepresentation of facts. Such weapons ara very unlikely to improve the position . of ^'high principled and able" persons, and have

not hitherta produced that effect upon the public which we «oppose had bren desired. As a sample of their general tactics, and of the persoual spite áalneu which they think proper to display, we may knènhon the suggestion of one of the friternity ' Î5.***be»wtboraaipof a letter signed " Impartial"

.iwbich appeared, some weeks ago in these columns -a saggestion which baa since been repeated. No .contradiction to this slander was given, simply *eoauae malice, in that instance, bad assumed a zona too contemptible to notice.

v i. < J

-AFTER committing a foolish action, an en- deavour to explain that action from a favourable point of view, seldom has any other effect than to make the folly of it more apparent. " One who heard the case" had much lietter nave kept silent. He is riot the only one by many, by whom the . ease was beard. And however satisfied the public

any have been with the actual verdict of the jury, there,is not, asa uintterqf fact, a:single intelligent; person'In the community who does " not condemn the extraordinary rider attached to

it as absurd and as worse than absurd. It is .oareely necessary to go over the matter again. What we said befoca.WM saffiaeatly explicit, and no attempt iróbeén made*? rafpteit. , It would appear from eba letter-of '¿Oae who heard the case," that the jury were at their wit's end to find 'some ground for a recommendation to mercy. The writer in question says that they,knew their own business best But it does not seem to have oc- curred to them that, in accidentally/ killing a inar> thara may be degrees of culpability, and that a justifiable reccommendation to mercy could only have been mauehecause the jury considered that the degree of culpability was small The ground which the'jnry gave-the unsatisfactory nature of the eridenceandof its interpretation, wasa ground, again we repeat, for a différent course of action ¿rom that which the jury conscientiously took, bnt tfor nothing else, and it w a very great pity it was ¡advanced» morer especially seeing that the inter {natation of that evidence npea which the case ««.ted. was perfectly satisfactory throughout ; while the attempt to implicate Sidongin the act of

violence1 which was testified to as the actual cause of the Chinaman's death was-as we wrote be- fore-simply childish.'

It is always a pleasure to see people help- ing themselves-a somewhat unwonted pleasure in tins colony, for the first step taken, whenever anything is wanted, is, usually, to beg for assistance from the Government,-that milch cow which in Western Australia is sup- posed to be an unfailing source of sustenance at everyone's command. Some enterprising men of Geraldton have taken it into their heads 'to form a company and pur- chase a boring machine to be used for obtaining water in the Victoria district. Messrs. du Boulay and Gale, as promoters of the proposed company, have issued a circular letter to their fellow settlers, in which we are thankfnl to see no mention whatever made of Government help. These gentlemen, who are deserving of all praise for their go-a-heed policy, estimate that a good boring apparatus could be landed at Geraldton for about £600, and they "propose that their company should har« a nominal capital of £1000. The company, having obtained the apparatus, would let it out on hire to those who required it, their own responsible man being in charge. We very much hope that the requisite number of shares will be taken np, and the machine im- ported and found to be a success. If the pro poialturo-oitSwell!'doubtless.settlers in many parts of the colony will club together for a simi- lar object, following Geraldton's lead. A gene-

ral use of the borer and excavator will have to be resorted to, if we hope to see any large exten- sion of. pastoral activity. It is, unfortunately, very much to be feared that the coming summer will teach us tait lesson with a «everity not far short of disastrous^ ,[^ ?* *?

IT is to beiegrettad that the Herald should bava thought n't, ft» its issue of Saturday last, to suggest a piece of scandai which/although entirely imaginary, is calculated moat undeservedly to annoy, and to wound the feeliuga of persons whose hoaor«ia entirely above suspicion. Oar contempor- ary states that while a piano, consigned to a conn try Resident Magistrate, was being landed from the Chalarme, itaccidentally fell into the sea, and that upon tea ease being opened f or thaparpoae of ascer- taining what damage the piano had received, the Custom boase officialsldisaovered " to their amase ment "that it was full of parcels addressed to the consignee and other "distinguished members of society "in his district-the parcels consisting of an oil-painting, laces, dress material, and numerous other articles. The Herald wishes to know what line of conduct the Collector of Customs wdl adopt, and broadly hints that these goods were intended to be smaggled. Such a dish of malicióos gossip ia not often presented to the public, and naturally the very most has been made of it. Unfortunately, however, for the interest of " the story, there is absolutely nothing in it. The

care, as everyone knows, by this time, was conisgn. ed to Mr> Fairbairn, and was entered in the usual way for clearance at the Vasse, where, as a matter of course, doty on the contenta would have been v honourably paid. Not the slightest suspicion of

any sort attached to the'circumstance that goods other than the piano were enclosed in the case, nor wera the CosUira-house officials in tbo faintest de- gree .. amaied,"-seeing that the filling up of paino eases with pareéis is of the ooramonestioccurrencc. After having suficred much loss through the acci . deutal immersion of valuable goods in salt water,

it is certainly receiving insult added to injury with é' vengeance, to be made the subject of these audwerved imputations. However, the widely respected Resident Magistrate of the Vasse ia too wau known for snch slander to touch him.

Poa sometimo past, letters have appeared in these columna discussing the respective merits .of karri, and jarrah,, and au important commuai cation.uuna ¿he same suibject appears in onr present issue/ The genera) public, iii all probability, takes nut Mtje interest in the matter, and is somewhat , weary of a contention which seems both fruitless

and endless. It is one, however, which nearly concerns the residents in the timber districts, and is of not inconsiderable public importance. For all that,"a cessation of the warfare is, we consider, desirable; seeing that the discussion, however pro. longed, cannot possibly determine a question which time'and experience alone will solve. Mr. George Simpson, "who opened the ball, was, in our opin- ion, perfectly justified and perfectly right in exposing the inaccuracy of certain statements made with regard to karri in the second edition of the catalogue of onr Melbourne exhibits. Whatever the merits of karri may be, 'there could be no excuse whatever for advertising the timber, and bringing it into favourable notice, by means of statements which had no foundation in fact But because the statements in the catalogue in respect of karri were unjustifiable, it does not necessarily follow- that the timber itself is worthless, add, see .ins that the înath-weetera corner of the colony is rich in karri forests,-sa far from endeavooring to snuff karri oat, the public interests of the colony demand that its value, if it have any, should be wade-known, and nor foreign customers taught to appreciate it. We an, ofoourse, able to look at the matter from an impartial standpoint, basing our opinion «imply apon the published statement* «f the^ advocates and oppoueuts of karri. Fron, these It would appear that gentlemen who hate for years reMtled in the karri districts, and whose assertions, bawd upon personal experience, must have great .weight, consider karn a most useful and duralde timber for the same purposes to which jarrah is usually applied, and in the same situa- tions. Others, qeclai-e that karri perforated by the

T.

teredo, and in every stage of decay, may frequently be seen. We are qnite ready to believe that when, on this ground, condemning karri as worthless, : Mr. Suupdoit anil .others have done SJ merely with

the desire to protect the trade of the colony against the injury it would receive were au nnsouud tim- ber palmed off upon our foreign consnmers as possessed of merits Which are in reality apocryphal. Bat we fail to seo in what way the case against karri has been proved »a yet It has been proved, merely, that decayed and perforated karri may be found, just m the same way as decayed and perfor- ated jarrah may be found. But it does not, there- fore, necessarily follow that karri, when properly cat ami treated:, may not be a valuable timber, in the same way as jarrah under similar circumstances is a valuable timtier. Our experience of jarrah is extensive, and ita reputation rests upon a solid foundation. Our experience of karri is limited, and its future ' is consequently, as yet, uncertain. But we see no reason why it should not have fair play. We are, however, quite ready to admit that the means taken at Melbourne to push this timber in the market, might, if it turned out badly, prove to have been very foul play to jarrah.

THE last issue of the Standard contained an article having reference to the case of a girl of seven years old, convicted lately of larceny, the child of abandoned parents, jnd brought up in misery and vice, for whom the Colonial Secretary sought a refuge in the Protestant Orphanage. A local Act gives the Governor in Council power to send such children to the Orphanages, which it was proposed in such cases to use for the purposes of reformatories, but a condition for the admission of these children was that the directors of the orphanages should be " willing" to receive them. In the instance to which we are alluding, the manager of the Protestant Orphanage very pro- perly declined to receive the child, fearing, not without good cause, that one practically acquainted with impurity and vice, might have an evil in- fluence upon the rest. But the Orphanage Com- mittee having thus had forcibly brought before them the urgent necessity for some institution in which female children of the criminal class might be placed, withoome hope of effecting their re- formation, propose to take snch steps to supply thi» want as the means at their command will allow. We are glad to hear of this determination, and have no doubt the public will liberally sup- port so benevolent on undertaking. If it was urgent that a reformatory should he formed for boys, and that youthful gaol-birds should be kept apart from hardened criminals, how much more necessary is it, in the interests of humanity, that someplace should be established in which little girls who have gone wrong can be taken charge of, and saved v from sinking permanently to the lowest depths. It is better that this work should be undertaken by private benevolence, in a religious spirit, than that it should be left to the Govern- ment to look to. A Government institution of the

kind would both be more costly, and infinitely less effective, for it would necessarily be pervaded with aprisonatmosphere-just thecontraryof that which is wanted, We understand that the proposal of the Committee is to obtain a small property, which they have in view, somewhere in the neighbour hood of the Swan Orphanage < Upon this farm they would place a respectable married couple, carefully chosen as possessing the necessary quali- fications for the work, and to the care of these persons they would confide the girls who might be handed over to them, paying the couple Ü30 a year per head for the children's board, half of which payment would probably be contributed by the Government. The manager of the Orphanage would of course exercise a general supervision. It is thought that in this way a little reformatory of the right kind might be attempted at a reason- able cost The number of children sent to it would probably be very few, because the orphan- ages, both Catholic and Protestant, take now at a very early age a large proportion of those girls who from their surroundings would otherwise develop habits of vice. To these few remarks we may add that the Dean of Perth and the Arch- deacon will thankfully receive contributions to a special fund which they propose to organize under the name of "The Girls' Reformatory Fund." Subscriptions to this fund will also be received at

the Western Australian Bank.

A GENTLEMAK, lately a visitor to this co- lony, is contributing a scries of bright and in*, telfigent papers on Western Australia to a South Australian contemporary. From the secobd paper we extract the following remarks on King George's Sound :-" Nothing surprised me so much as the really splendid character of the harbour of King George's Sound. For se* curity, commodionsness and beauty, I know of no harbour in Australia that can compare with it, excepting only Sydney harbour. I began to wonder how I could have been so ignorant, and to feel ashamed that I had never realized-if I had ever known,-that King George's Sound, instead of being, as its name suggests, an open roadstead, is a splendid harbour in which a whole navy might ride in security. It was a relief to find that at least there were others who shared my ignorance ; and amongst the passen- gers who had not visited the Sound previously, the expression of surprise was general. Colonel Scratchley (the writer's fellow passsenger) con- fessed that ho had no idea of the magnificent capabilities of the harbour until he saw it. Whether it was the eloquence of the harbour master or the obvious and splendid possibilities of the harbour as a military fortress that im. pressed Colonel Scratchley, is not for me t say ; but certain it is that his military ardou

was thoroughly aroused ; and those who heard* his views were impressed with the conviction that,.could he have his way, King George» Sound would soon be transformed into a naval depot, and defences would bristle from island «nd promontory in a most threatening manner. The unsentimental view-of matters taken by the .British taxpayer will, no doubt exercise its influence in modifying the plans of the en- thusiastic soldier; but King George's Sound will not long remain in the obscurity that has surrounded it in the past.It appears to be a phenobenon of colonial life that district jealousies should exist, and that the inhabitants of one district should regard the Legislature as conspiring in unlawful league and covenant to retara their progress and'prevent their district from gaining the premier position that nature designed it should occupy. The special griev-

ance here is that the influence and wealth of the colony have been expended in the attempt to make Fremantle the port of call for mail steamers and to establish its position as Me port of the colony. The malicious desire of the Government and Legislature to blight the wel- fare of Albany probably only exists in the imagination of the inhabitants of that town, but there it exists in very reality, a fact and truth at least as certain as the gospel. Disinterested observers will scarcely be pesuaded that Albany has been treated with mere capricious spite. Nature, however, has thrown much of the

weight of its authority in Albany's scale, and, in the long run, Fremantle will be behind in the race. As a harbour Fremantle is at a tremendous disadvantage, and the expenditure of unlimited loans of money could not place her in this respect on an equality with Albany.

Then, while Fremantle is more central as to the colony, Albauy is more central as to the world ; and it it comes to a question of Western Aus- tralia versus the World, I suppose the world

will win."

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