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NEWS OF THE DAY.

Two frosh, cases of emall-pox havo been discovered ju tho city since Friday. Ono of tho patients was in tho Infirmary, hut as soon as tho discovery was made, and it was .made in n very early stago of tho disease, tho most promût and energetic means were employed to prevent a spread of thc infection. Ono of tho patients previously reported-Mrs. Hogers, of Mount Etrect, Pyrmont-died from tho disenso last even- ing. Sorao information of a trustworthy character respecting the treatment of people at quarantine jo at last availnblo, and wo vouturo to say that not ono of tho roany descriptions respecting tho "horrors of quarantine," ofiicial or otherwise, rnado inside Parlia- ment or outside, have been read with tho interest with which people will peruse the statements wo publish in our supplement this morning, which were supplied us by Dr. Clune and Constable Cook, both of whom wero victims; to tho ill-advised proceedings of the Government in tho.earlier days ol' the outbreak of tho epidemic. Weleavo tho narratives to speak for themselves.

TUE health of General Garfield apparently continues to improve, and his physicians contémplalo removing him from tho White llouso to his privato residence at Ohio, Tho formal court-martial on Commander Evans and tho other survivors of tho ill-fated war sloop Doterol has resulted in their acquittal. It had tho effect, howover, of eliciting information which fieenis to' explain tho causo of tho accident, tho catas- trophe now being attributed to an explosion in the ship's coal bunkers. Sir Stafford Northcote, who was Chancellor of tho Exchequer in tho Beaconsfield Administration, lias in á s'poech'at Sheffield beon enlarging on the import- ance of ? comonting thc relations between Great Britain and her colonial possessions. From New Mexico, in tormation comes of a severo reverse suffered

by' tho Federal troops at tho hands of tho Apache Indians. Tho battle that is to take placo between the Ameer of Afghanistan and Ayoub Khan is not so imminent as was at first supposed. Ayoub has not .yet completed his preparations for leaving Candahar. Last week accounts reached us of tho devastat-

ing effects of heavy rains on tho English

harvest. Wo now learn that finer weather pre- vails. In some parts, of America weather of a very-different description has been experienced, and tho effects of drought aro beginning to bo seriously felt. There are frosh troubles in North Africa, occasioned by an insurrection of religious fanatics in Egypt.

WE leam from tho Electric Telegraph Department that tho A moy cable has been repaired, and communi- cation with Shanghai and Japan restored.

His Excellency tho Governor in Council, pursuant to tho Lands Acts Amendment Act, 187Ö, has been pleased to alter and vary tho limits and areas of the land districts of Armidale, Glen Innes, Grafton, and Macleay Piivcr. The amended descriptions of such districts aro set forth in a supplement to the Gnrcnimeiit Ga:cltc, published on Saturday. Tho notification is

to take effect on and after tho -ÍHh. instant.

It will be remembered that H.M.S. Wolverene left Sydney on August 10, at the same time as the detached squadron, her destination being New Guinea. Baron Maclay was on board, he being desirous of   continuing his scientific labours in New Britain. It was considered also that his knowledge of     the people of the island would assist Commodore Wilson in securing some natives concerned   in a murder which took place at Kalo on the South coast. The following message has been received from Commodore Wilson, who was at Cooktown, by Mr. W. B. Mainprise, paymaster in charge, Royal Naval Depot, Sydney: - "Arrived all well; visited five places on the New Guinea coast : surrounded Kalo on the 25th; four   natives were killed, including the chief whom we wanted; three seamen were wounded, but they are doing well;   most satisfactory are the results of the cruise: parted   good friends with the islanders. The Beagle has gone to Duke of York Island to relieve H.M.S Conflict." The Wolverene may be expected to arrive at Brisbane about the 14th instant.

,i BUUINO- tlie last two days tho weather around Sydney has been lino, -scarce a cloud flecking tho sky. On Saturday morning tho sun EIIOUC with much fervour, and during tho wholo of the day the tempera- ture was more than usually high. Yesterday a succes- sion, of. westerly winds reduced tho thermometer toa .normal lovel, and raised doods of dust, which rendered walking abroad rather,unpleasant.

... BY tho City pf Adelaide, from Melbourne, two very aristocratic bulls havo arrived. One, from the herd of Sir. 0. B. Fishor, is an especially tine specimen of tho 'bovino, race, whilst tho other is a good representativo of the herd of Messrs. ïiobcrtson Brothers, of Colac. These bulls havo been purchased by Messrs. Fanning, Griffiths, nnd Co., of AVOOIOOWPDIKCU, Casino, for the

improvement of their already fine hon!. Tho bulls ? nvu at Wooilnr's horst» bazaar, in Pitt-slroct, and aro wei!

worth r. visit.

Tin:-Animais Protection Society hold its ordinary monthly meeting on Thursday last : Afr. J. P.. Street

in the (hail'. Present-'Aleffire. Beaumont, W. Bradley A. OilliiH, J. II. Hun:, li. li. Maddock, W. T. Weston J. Sidney focerolnry), and Iv. A. Dempster (inspector;, After the usual finance lmsine?*, tho inspector brough! i under tho notice or tho ronimittco. the practice in vogue : rolativo to tho treatment and disposal of horses U2ed b\ I tho i'o-st-oftic^. Tho cecrettiry wo3 instructed to dniv. i tho attention of the proper authorities to this subject, i The Attention of tho cor.im.it'.t? was also drawn to thc

j defective state of several of tho metropolitan pound;

i through' tho nbsenco of water for tho animals im- pounded. Summary ol' inspector's report : Complaints .seven ; prosecutions, nil ;,or.e case under investigation ;

casca investigated, SO ; caution/, -Í».

Tm: St. A!nrk's branch of tho Church of England Temperance Society held ft very successful meeting on Thursday, tho ht September, at St. Marie's School. There was a good attendante 01! ibo young, and it is hoped that tho older members of tho pariah will, cn future occasions, support so hiudablo a society in largo: number?. If ia some time since the last meeting was held, and this may bo considered in eenie tort aa a revival of thc branch, os its object was properly lo affiliate thc local branch with tho central branch of Now 'South Wales. Tho Bcvs. W. Hough and F. A. Barker, in two interesting and instructive addresses urging tho claims and objects of tho society, proposed and seconded tho affiliation of the branch. An enlarged commiitoo was then proposed by Mr. diaries T. Norton, and ceconded by Mr. A. W. G. Barsden. Tho doxology was then sung, and tho meeting was closed by tho Dev. T; Kemmis pronouncing

the benediction.

Tur. UBual monthly meeting in aid of St. Mary's Building Fuud, hold last evening, was very largely attended, and a very largo sum of money was handed in to tho treasurers. Archbishop Vaughan preside-.!, and in an interesting address ir.ado several important announcements of large donations lie had received in aid of the general fund, for tho chapola and altars, and for tho stained glass windows. The total amount received dnring tho meeting (including tito Arch- bishop's collection of £1030 Os. 7d.) was £2()Ä> Ils. lOd, That portion of tho now cathedral which ia to be publicly opened in January next-for tho whole design is not being carried out at present-is rapidly nearing completion, and tho annual mcetincr will ha held in it in October next. Thu masonry of tho main building ia finished according to contrast height, and tbo principal portion ot tho outer buildings,including the sacristies, iscomplotcd. Messrs. Falconer and Ashwiu, the contractors for tho tempo- rary windows, aro pushing on their work with tito utmost rapidity, and next week tho whole of tho win- dows will be glazed. Air. Wardell, thc architect of St Mary'ri, has prepared designs for tho reredos at the rear of the sanctuary which, when finished, will be a very hand- some piece ot ornamental work, and it is hoing con- structed entirely of whitestone, specially imported from Now Xeaiand. A number of stained glass windows havo been ordered from au eminent London firm, but it is not expected that úny of theso will arxivo before tho opening of tho Cathedral.

Tun first bent of tho sculling matches for tho prizo of J£oi)ü, oifercd by Messrs. Mason Brothers, of Spiiu^ etrcet (the Walker Whisky trophy), comes ofr this afternoon. Tho heat is to bo run ia four divisions. The uccond heat will bo rowed on Wednesday.

A:; entertainment of a very enjoyable nature wasgiven on Friday ovening last, in tho Congregational sehooliroom, Glebe. Addresses, appropriato to tho occasion, weiro de- livered by tho Rov. J. lliohard and Mr. Ilaguo timith, superintendent of tho school. Tho proceedings' were enlivened by recitations by tho scholars, and selections of music by the Sunday school chou, a prominent fea turo in which was the rendition of a sacred song liv tho rev. president (Afr. Packard), Miss Buchanan a-Jted as

accompanist.

Mn. JOSEPH COULTSI;, of Randwick, has furbished us with tho following copy of a circular published in Gloucestershire, England, by Air. S. lt. Pcarci, who left Sydney on a trip to Europe in March last : "Emigration to New South Wales,-Persons desirous of obtaining information respecting tho colony o£ Now South Wales, and tho resourcos thereof, aro respectfully informed that Mr. S. II. Pearce, J.P., late of Stroud

watcr, Gloucestcrchire, will attend at the - to exhibit tho maps of tho colony showing its pastoral, agricultural, horticultural, and mineral divisions, and to give such information respecting the resources of tho colony as may bo requirod." Mr, Pearce, being ono of the oldest residents in the colony, and a gentleman who has invariably identitied himself with its advancement,, would doubtless be ablo to give a largo amount of uso ful information to inquirers.

Mit. II. V. PitocTOE, of Bungonia, complains that goods sent from tho country by railway frequently arrivo at their destination short of tho quantity for- warded. Ho had mado complaints to the Hallway Department, but had not been ablo to get any redress,

bocanso his ngont's cartor had given a receipt for tho goods. Do had then written to his agent and hold him responsible, ns a receipt had been given to the railway, but he had failed to got any satisfaction, lio know of many others who had had similar losses.

FROM Port Hunter, Duke of York Island, under date of August 2, the Rev. B. Danks writes to the Rev. B. Chapman, General Secretary of Wesleyan Missions, as follows :-" We have been very gay lately. For the past four days we have had no less than two steam- ships and one barque-viz., ss. Rippie, ss. Genil, and the barque Marquis de Rays in Port Hunter. Another attempt is about to be made to colonise some one of these many groups of islands, but I very much

doubt its ultimate success. There are some

120 passengers on board the ss. New Britain, which is now in Port Britain, while there are some 40 more on barque. There are some very young children on board, who are full of life and vigour. I fear it

will not be so with them one month hence. Last Sun-

day morning several of the colonists came up to the house and thanked me for the part I had taken in giving help to their countrymen who came in the Chanderna gore, and especially for having buried those who had died. On Monday morning they all landed and erected a coral monument over the graves of the seven men who are buried in Molot. It looks very well indeed. About 1000 Spaniards are to be brought over from Manila as soon as possible. There are some reports about to the effect that New Ireland is to be abandoned, and an attempt made to colonise Bouka, a small island to the north of Bougainville in the Solomon group, but how true it is we cannot tell. I fear there will be great misery, wherever they go — misery to themselves and the people whom they settle."

ABOUT 2 p.m. on Saturday a fire broke out on the premises of Isaac Israel, grocer, 24, Goulburn-street. The fire originated in a small brick building, situated at the rear of the shop, and containing a quantity of hay, corn, &c,, and resulted in the destruction of the contents, with slight damage to the building. The fire was extinguished by the manual engines of the Insur- ance Brigade and Volunteer Companies. The origin of the fire is unknown. The contents of the building were insured in the Australian Mutual for £200, Shortly before noon yesterday a fire occurred at Ludford, Elizabeth Bay, the residence of Mr. F. W. Elliott. The fire orginated on the first floor, in the bathroom, near a quantity of linen. The flames qnickly spread upwards to the roof, resulting in the total destruction of the bathroom, with contents, and considerable damage to the upper portion of building. Several of the ceilings were damaged by water, and the furniture slightly damaged by hasty removal. The fire was extinguished by the manual engines of the Insurance Brigade and Volunteer Companies. The gas was found to be turned on in the bathroom. The building, which is the proporty of. the tenant, was insured in the London and Lancashire office for £2500, and the contents in the City' Mutual for £1000. About 2 p.m. a tiro broko out. on tho premises of. Mr. J oseph Christmas, grocer and hay and corn dealor, Par- ramatta Hoad, near Norton-street, in tho dia'.rictof Leichhardt.. Tho fire originated in u hay store at the rear ol' and detached from tho olkia* premises. Tho contenta being of an inflamable naturo, and a strong wind blowing ut tho time, tho building and contents worn rapidly consumed. The Newtown, Insurance, and South Sydney Brigades arrived at tho eceno of the lire in thc order named. Tho building, which was tho property of Mr. James Williams, of Leichhardt, was not insured, but the contents were insured in tho Citv Mutual for £100.

AISO'CT noon on Saturday, Mr. Ellis J, Eel!, an iron founder, residing' in Erskine-slreetj was knacked, down

by a runaway horse attached to a spring cart, whîl crossing Gcorgc-atrcet, near Aiort'e-passago. Tho_ hors and cart wero tho property of Air. .í. K. Cowling, c -11, Parraraalta-road, Glebe. TI o had loft tho cori and cart outside tho promises of Afr. Jan» Rodd, auctioneer. "Wynyard-strect, wheio ho wa taking delivery of some goods. It is stated thc a chain was placed rn tho wheel, but thu tho horse took fright, and bolted down Wynyard-stree into George-street, where Air. Hell was knocked dowr Air. Bell was conveyed to tho Infirmary, and admittc by J)r. Williamson, when it was found, on examine tiou, that ho was suffering from injuries of a vcr serious character, including an incised wound at th back of the head, one above thc ¡eft knee joint, oponin into tho joint itself, and he was also hleediu from tho right ear. Ho was delirious an very violent when admitted, and in a critica state, and last night his condition had nc improved. When tho accident occurred tho unforlunat gentleman had a race-glass fastened by a strap acros hi* fihoulder, and it is presumed that ho was then o: hi3 way to tho Randwick races.

A n.i:c named John Clarke, of Union-lano, was rc ceived into tbo Infirmary by Dr. Mofiitt, on Saturda, ovening, Buffering from a severe injury to the left eye inflicted, ho stated, by a woman with a saucepan.

AT 6 o'clock on Saturday evening a woman named Emily Conder, aged 40 years, wife of John Conder, a

cab driver, died suddenly at her residence, No. 76 Yurong-street, Woolloomoloo, She had been in an ex- ceedingly weak state of health for some time past, and was only able to take a small quantity of nourishment. She had not been attended by any doctor.

0:c Saturday a young man named Henry Lovett, ¡ driver, living in Grosc-strcet, off Glcbe-stroet, fell fron khi cart, and received concussion of tho brain. Ho wee taken to the Infirmary, where ho was attended to bj Dr. Williamson. Shortly after bia admission hi recovered consciousness, and, despite advice to the eon trary, he left the institution to go home.

AT noon on Saturday a child named Alfred Dale 0 months old, son of Air. Alfrod Dale, of No. ML1 Palmer-street, suddenly becamo ill, and diod before tho cervices of a doctor could bo secured. About t o'clock yesterday morning a child named Louisa Jane Keech, 5 years of age, daughter of Airs. Alary Wat man, of 101, Dixon-streot, also died. Tho child had been suffering from croup, but had not been seen by nay doctor, tho mothor stating that her poverty had prevented her from seeking modical advice.

Mn. E. PROCTOR, of Bungonia, says tho Goulburn Herald, has recently discovered deposits of copper near the junction of tho Jacqua Creek with tho Shoalhaven, which promise sufficiently woll to induce fnrther ex- ploration. Specimens which have been Beat to Sydney for assay havo boen favourably reported OD. Tho ques- tion to bo decided is whether the ore exista in sufficient quantity, and Mr. Proctor has engaged several hands to lest for a lode. To get to tho Bpot it is necessary to descend a steep declivity ; and on going to commence operations on Tuesday tho men wero letting dowu a slide loaded with tools and about a hundredweight of powdor, when the Blido got too much woy on and broke away from them. In tho descent tho box containing tho powder waa broken, and a spark from somo of tho tools ignited it, causing an unexpected blow up. Tho things were scattered in all directions, but no damage done beyond tho loss of tho powder.

Wu take the following from tho V,'ag.ja Advcrtistr of Thursday :-*' During tho hist two or three years a largo number of horses have died in this district, tho cause of death being unablo tobo traced. Latterly, howover, one or two horses which havo died have been opened, and a quantity of fine wiro has been found in their intestines, lt appears that a largo quantity of thc hay and straw which is now sold is bound together with a very thin wire, which is used with tho patent self-binder. Sometimes it happens that when a man is engaged cutting chaff, and is anxious to keep his machine supplied, tho wire-binder cannot be discovered, so that it is cut up with tho hay, and of courso gcta mixed with tho chaff. Tho result of thia is certain death to tho horses who eat ibo chaff. Mr. Casein has lo;,t two valuable horses in this way only very recently, and wo hear that several animals have died at Temora and other places through tho samo cause. Tho remedy is very simple. String should be used ia tho place of who for binding, and tho danger would then be

obviated."

IN connection with tho deplorable railway accident on Tuesday last tho Argus says:-" It has transpired that tho smoking carriago which was the primary cause of tho disaster has been in constant uso on tho suburban lines between 15 and 18 years. It was an English built carriage, and was imported by the old Hobson's Bay Ballway Company, in pieces, and fitted up at tho Sandridge workshops. It waa examined and repaired at the workshops at intervals of from 18 months to two years during that time, and on all such occasions tho .wheels were turned ; that is to say, thoy wero removed from ono side and placed on tho other, so that tho fric- tion should not affect any one portion of the wheels more than another. Tho last occasion upon which the carriage was overhauled was somo 17 months ago, whon tho wheols were changed as described, and the wholo of tho axles and underwork were found to be safe and sound. Tho timbers and framework were then con- sidered sufficiently sound to bo used for somo time to come, but an examination of tho dtb)-is has shown that tho woodwork was far from sound. It is very difficult, however, at present to oxpross any definite opinion upon tho soundness of the carriages and roUing-stock comprising the express train, but it is understood that esperta are at work, and that, by tho time the imprest is resumed, evidence will be produced to throw somo light upon that aspect of tho case. A similar accident to tho present, though far moro disastrous in it3 effects, occurred on tho Great Western Bailway, at Christmas time, in 187-1. Tho tiro of a wheel was fractured, owing, it was behoved, to tho effects of severe frost. Tho carriage immediately began to sway from side to side, until it finally caught ono of the parapets of a stone bridge as tho train passed over, and tho collision caused a smaoh-up of tho carriages. It was an excur- sion train, and tho casualties wero painfully severe. As in tho present case, the carriago was four-wheeled - i.e., had two wheels on each side. Had it been a sis-wheeled vehicle, tho probability is that it would have kept tho rails, and tho weight would have been supported evenly on tho fivo wheels that remained uninjured. This view of tho matter caused tire company thenceforward to buiid none but six-wheeled carriages. With only four wheels, should any ono go wrong, tho vehicle would bo certain to plunge like a ship in rough water, and at ovcry plunge tho damaged part would strike tho permanent way, as appears to havo boon tho cass here. The idea that six-wheeled carriages should for tho futuro be tho rule on tho Victorian lines yesterday suggested itself to tho Minister of Railways, who directed that informa- tion should bo collected on tho subject. Tho Great Western accident happened at Beading, en rout9 from Loudon to Birmingham."

Tun following is an extract from tho Government analyst's daily testings of the Australian Gaslight Com- pany's gas for the mouth of August last:-Illuminat- ing power : Moan for the month, IfM-l candles ; maxi- mum, 17'28 candles ; minimum, 16-01 candles. Gas consumed at tho rate of 5 cubic feet per hour; burner used, Sugg's London Argand No. 1. Impurities: Sulphur, mean for tho month, 4-<i grains per 100 cubic feot ; ammonia, mean for tho month, 0-'2 grains per 100

cubic foot.

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