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NEWS AND NOTES. The Mails.-F?r the United Kingdom and foreign countries a mail will be forwarded by the R.M.S. Otranto, closing this morning ast 11.30 .o'I?ck (la·e correpondence, if bearing the extra late fee will be accepted up till 12.30 p.m., and if lodged at the late fee box outside the central railway station, until 1.5 p.m.). This afternoon, at 1 oclock (late fee 2 o'clock railway station 2.25 o'clock). a mail for the Eastern States will close for tramission by the R.M.S. Macedonia. Other mails cls ing to-day are:-For Broome and intermedi ate N.W. ports, by the s.s. Gorgon, at 815 a.m. (late fee 9 a.m., railway station 9.30 a.m.); for Esperanoe and intermediatesouth coastal ports, at 5.15 p.m. (late fee 6 p.m., railway station 6.30 p.m.), by the s.s. Eudca, via Albany. For Derby and ports, a mail is announced to close on Saturday next, for conveyance by the s.s. Bullarra. This Week's Parliament.-Apart from a long list of proposed amendments to the Mines Regulation Bill, the notice paper for to-day's proceedings in the Legislative Coun cil is not very formidable. The House will proceed with the adjourned debates on Mr. C. A. Piesse's motions regarding the main roads policy, and a proposed addition to the State school curriculum, and the Land Valuation Bill will be further considered at the second reading stage. The Mines Bill is the next on the list. In the Legislative Assembly the Estimates will be further dealt with, the Crown Law officers' vote being due for discussion. The consideration of the Estimates will probably occupy mest of the week. The Legislative Council's amend ments to the Irrigation and Traffic Bills will then be considered. Leederville Municipal Blections.-Under the auspices of the West Leederville Rate payers' yAwociation, a meeting was held, last night to consider matters in connection with the forthcoming municipal elections. It was resolved to support the candidature of Messrs. Holland and Carl H. Klein for their respective wards. Upon hearing that Mr. W. H. Hennsh had announced hi intention of contesting the election for the North Ward, it was also decided to work in his interests as well. Necessity for War.-At a national service for seafarers, held in St. Paul's Cathedral, Melbourne, the sermon was preached by Canon Hughes from the text, "Be strong and of good courage ... and the Lord, He it is that doth go before thee." He said that these words were spoken by an old leader, who was about to haul down his flag. to a new commander, entering upon the tremendous enterprise of organising an army and a nation This message gave Joshua high courage and endurance; he felt that he was being led, not merely sent, on a new enterprise. Let the thought be applied to our own times. The patriotism which was Christian was removed very far from the blatant Rudyard Kiplingism of 12 years ago. Then our literature was slashed with crimson: Henley and Kipling were the prophets proclaiming the destiny of the British people to co-operate with God in the destruction of all aliens. But, face to face with the realities of South Africa, jingoism became dumb. Out of all the conflict through which our Empire had evolved, there had emerged a' great. tradi tion, which Australians were bound to maintain. As long as the white ensign flew over church and flagship it told that duty was still the prevailing ideal, and that na tional service called for sacrifice. God never let go a nation worth saving: only when it lost sight of its destiny, only when sunk in apathy and selfishness, did God wipe it out and start again. There were greater evils than war. There had been war in heaven, there would be the final conflict between the forces of Christianity and anti Christianity. If ever, which God forbid, the standard of St. George, the blood-red cross on the while ground, found no willing hands to plant it in the forefront of the battle in the day of the country's need, it would mean, not the triumph of Christian ity, but the softness and luxury of mam mon. Bunbury Eisteddfod.-The South-West Band Contest and Eisteddfod, which is bei held at Bunbury, commencing Monday, January 26, promises to be successful. In connecton with this week of festivities the citizens of the South-West port are making elaborate arrangements to cater for the large number of holiday-makers they expect to visit the popular seaside town. Bunbury undoubtedly enjoys a natural advantage in respect to holding an event of this kind, on account of the sbprt distance from the metropolis and various country centres. In consequence the railway fares are exceed ingly low, and the time occupied in train travelling is very short. These are two items which have a very telling effect on ex cursionists, and the outcome should be that a record number will visit the seaside at Bunbury in January. Handsome champion ship cups have been donated for the, band contest and for the choral societies' com petitions. Intending competitors are re minded that entries close on December 20. and that all particulars of the items for competition may be had from the secretary, MJr. O. M3. Watson. Bunbury. Kindergarten Matinee.-There will be a kindergarten matinee at the Melrose Thea tre on Saturday week, the 29th inst. As the cause is a most deserving one. it is hoped that a large audience will be present. In addition to some fine pictures provided, through the kindness of Messrs. Brennan Fuller and Joe St. Clair. many of the ar tists now appearing at the Melrose and Shaftesbury Theatres will perform. Money Lenders' Bill.-In the course of an address before the Bankruptcy Registrar on Priday concerning the money-lending operations of a railwayman, the Oticial Re ceiver (Mr. Moss) expressed regret that, ow ing to an amendment insisted upon by the Legislative Council with regard to the Moneyvlenders' Bill, which was dealt with last year, there was no legislation to meet the case under review. "I admit.' remark ed the Attorney-General yesterday, when the case was brought under his notice, "th?

the matter is wnrthy of cosidestion, and, although the Bill was a private one, I will place a recommendation before Cabi net at the earliest pomible opportunity. The practice disclosed in this case ought to be stopped, and a remedial measure will doubtless be introduced in due course. I am afraid, however, that the Government will have no time, in view of the volume of business before the House, to deal with the matter this session. I remember that the Government, while not fathering the Bill, agreed. to allow its passage through the House." The amendment complained of by Mr. Mass had the effect of excluding from the scope of the measure persons who may be charging interest on money lent. but who do not follow money-lending as their primary business in life. San Jose Scale.-In the "West Austra lian" of the 4th inst., an item from Bun bury made it appear that there are 10,000 acres under apples in the Bridgetown dis trict, and that there is probably not one orchard in full profit in the State which, if critically examined, would be found free of San Jose Seale. "Both statements are very much exaggerated," said the Under Secretary for Agriculture yesterday, "and I shall esteem it a favour if yoen will pub lish a correction. The number of orchards infectcj with San Joee Scale does not amount to more than 10 per cent. of the total orchards of the State, and, according to the latest figures supplied by the Go vernment Statistician, the total area under apples in the whole State is 10,688 acres." Prosecution Withdrawn.-At the Fre mantle Police Court yesterday the Resident Magistrate, Mr. E. P. Dowley. and' Mr. F. J. McLaren, J.P., granted an application by Sergeant Simpson to withdraw a charge against Edgar Alfred Jones. of making a sale of a lesser quantity of liquor than that allowed by the one-gallon licence which he held. Mr. F. G. Unmack appeared for defendant. A Claim Dismissed.--In the Local Court yesterday Mr. A. S. Roe, P.M., gave his reserved judgment in the case of Robert Archbold v. the Looeederville Municipal Coun cil. The plaintiff claimed the sum of £16 Os. 7d., in respect of overtime worked by him whilst employed in the sanitary service of the municipality. Mr. G. A. Mayball appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. G. M. Gerloff for the defendants. The Magistrate said that the claim was an absurd and ridiculous one. He commented on the fact that no time had been kept by the plain tiff; he had simply guessed it, and had made no formad demand for overtime. Davies, the foreman, had sworn that the same number of men were now employed as when Archbold was working, and they were doing the same amount of work easily in the eight hours. Davies had also stated in the witness-box that he had on several occasions found, Archbold asleep in the change shed. His Worship was of opinidn that, simply because the plaintiff could not get on with the sanitary foreman and sani tary manager, he had put in a fictitious claim. It would be dismissed, with costs. W.A. Deaf and Dumb Institution.-The monthly meeting of the committee of the West Australian Deaf and Dumb Institution was held last week. There were present Mr. F. A. Moseley (president), Dr. Macaulay, Rev. H. Merryweather, Mr. J. W.   Langsford, Mr. F. C. Faulkner, Mr. J. P. Maxwell, and Mr. H. H. Witchell (secretary). Tenders for painting the exterior of the building were received, and referred to the house committee and the architects for con sideration. A letter from Messrs. Rankin, Morrison, and Oo. was received, covering a cheque for £75, being 75 per cent. of the legacy due to the institution under the . will of the late Mr. G. J. Brockman. Ad mission was granted to a pupil from Guild ford. Accounts amounting to £143 4s. 11d. were passed for payment. Liberal League.--Last Wednesdayevening the combined branches of the Women's Liberal League, Subiaco, held a successful social in the Alexandra Hall. Mesdames Nairn and Daglish, the presidents of the branches, received the visitors, and Mrs. Daglish presided, while a abshort programme was carried out. In an interesting address she explained the objects of the League, and urged the young people of the State to take an active part in politics. Short ad dresses were also given by Messrs. Wallace Noelson and H. Daglish. A good musical and elocutionary programme was enjoyed by the visitors, and was contributed by the Mismes Podmore, Burns, Haig, Taylor, and Fell, Master Aubrey Melrose, Mr. McClosky, Mr. and Mrs. Brough, and some members of the Subiaco Orchestra, under the baton of Mr. Wilkinson. Mrs. Hourigan acted as accom panist, and Mrs. Ada Benjamin provided the dance music. A vote of thanks was accorded to all who masisted in making the evening such a marked success. The re mainder of the levening was devoted to dancing, and was much enjoyed by the young people. It was announced that a meetmg to form a Liberal Girls' League would be held at the residence of MIs. Dag lish, and all young people willing to join were oordiafly invited. Adelaide and Univerity Public Examin tions.-The Junior, Senior, Higher, and Junior and Senior commenrcial examinations commenced yesterday. In Perth the Junior. Public is being held in the Hibernian Hall, Murray-street, and the Senior. Higher, and Commercial examinations in St. Andrew's Hall, Pierstreet. The examinations in Fre mantle are being held in Victoria Hall, High-street. and at Midland Junction in the Congregational Church Hall. The candi datea sitting for the several examinations are drawn from centres extending from as far north as Gersldton to Bunbury in the south and Kalgoorlie and Kanowna in the east. This year no entries were received from Albany for any of the tests. The total entries are mas follow:-Junior, 286 (Perth entries, 187); Senior, 125 (Perth en arie, 90); Higher, 31 (Perth, 16); Junior Commercial, 4: Senior Commercial, 2. The examinations were also commenced yester day, in addition to Perth, Fremantle, and Midla?d Junction, at Dong~arra, Geraldton, Kanowna, Kealgoorlie, Bunbury, Coolgardie, New Norcia, and Claremont. South-Western Suburban Train Service.- Mr. C. J. Lewis, MlA.. has receivsi vi,,. atn

lowing communication from the Chief Traffic Manager:-'I am in receipt of your letter of the 7th-instant regarding the South Western suburban train service. In reply I would inform you that the following altera tions are being carried out in connection with the new time-table coming into operation next month:-The 11.0 a.m., Perth to Arma dale, wil leave at 2.17 p m. and !':n ott same times as Saturday's train. The 3.55 p.m., Perth to Cannington, will leave at 4.10 p.m. as requested. I regret I am un able to see my way clear to run a new train from 'Perth at 5.45 p.m., as it is not considered that there is sufficient' traffic to warrant the extra expenditure that would be entailed. For the same reason the 7.55 p.m., Perth to Cannington, cannot. he ex tended to Armadale. I am unable to run an additional train from Perth on Saturdays. but am arranging for the 12.55, Can nington train, to leave at 1.10 p.m. and be extended to Armadale. and this will relieve the congestion on the 1.20 p.m. On Satuir days the 5.30 p.m. to Armadale will leave at, 5.50 p.m. and return as an additional train, ex Armadale, at 8 p.m. The 6.35 p.m. Armadale to Perth will run as formerly. It is considered that the service between Perth and Armadale on Sundays is sufficient for the traffic offering, and any additional expenditure would not he justified. The question of providing sufficient second-class accommodation on the South-West trains is receiving close attention." Development of Empire.--In the first of a course of lectures in University College, London, on '"The Colonial Expansion of Eng lish Institutions," Mr. E. A. Fulton dealt with the British Empire as an expansion of England, not of Scotland and Ireland, as he explained, the clannishness of the Ce being a hindrance to development in a new country. The secret of the connection be tween the colonies and the mother country lay in the fact that the government of Eng land did not develop on bureaucratic lines, and that in England the social life over whelmed the political to some extent. Throughout the development the old Eng lish ideas could he traced, primarily that of the Crown, which seemed an anomTialy witTi regard to such a democratic land as New Zealand till it was remembered that the position of the Crown was defined only by its limitations. The Empire had grown up partly on the vanity of the Sovereign. partly because other people would not endure that vanity, partly be cause people began to regard the State as an abstraction. The great secret of the Empire was that the people were greater than the State, and that the expansion of England had not been an expansion of the Crown's dominions except in name, but a veritable expansion of England. Australia Criticised.-Most of us were un der the impression that Australia had emerged from barbarism into comparative civilisation. But it seems that we were mistaken. This is how a special correspon dent of the "Westminster Gazette" who has been touring in the Commonwealth sums us up:--"The opportunities offered for 'culture' in the Australian cities are not too good. The gal'eries are mostly full of e'ery mediocr: work. Concerts are few and for between, and there seems to be a conspiracy alnore booksellers to press the worst literature on their clients. In no direction is the oppor tunity offered as inadequate as in the art of gastronomy. Australians simply dlo not know how to dine out! In Melbourne there is only one restaurant which makes thi,. emallei. attempt at being atmospheric; while in Syd ney the best restaurant is on thl, top floor of a general store. and is open on only one night a week! The majority of the res taurants in Sydney and Melbourne are Greek or Italian, and are really meant for the

more 'flash' type of working people. This question of restaurants is not a frivolous one. It is pregnant with significance. It symbolises the most striking feature of Aus tralis town life-the narrowness of the gulf which divides the classes." Mr. J. F. Hogan has characterised these strange statements as "the wild assertions of a hasty tourist, ludicrously at variance with the actual facts of Australian social life." Perth City Council Elections.--Mr. John Guilfoyle, who is standing for the East Ward in the forthcomingemunicipal elections, an nounces in our advertising columns that he will address the electors to-night at the cor ner of Claisebrook-road and RIoyal-street at 8 o'clock.-and at the Norwood Hotel at 9 o'clock. On Thursday next Mr. Guilfoy! will address the electors from the Royal Mint Hotel at 8 p.m., and the subway near the Mt. Lawley station at 9 p.m., and on Monday next from the East Perth Hotel, and the following Tuesday at the corner of Claisebrook-road and Royal-street. Mr. Jas. H. Crabb, general secretary of the Austra lian Natives' Association, has decided to contest the extraordinary election in the South Ward rendered necessary by the death of Cr. McCormock. Consequently Mr. Crabb will not be a candidate at Subiaco as he had intended. R.M.S. Omrah Mails.-The mails which left Fremantle on the afternoon of October 2. by the R.BLS. Omrah arrived in Lon don on the afternoon of the 15th inst. Christian Endeavour Union.-At the annual council meeting of the Western Australian Christian Endeavour Union last Thursday evenin,. it was decided that the increase and betterment campaign banner, which has been awarded annually to the Society in the State gaining the most points for the year's work, should be again awarded to the Bayswater Baptist Society. It was unanimously resolved thar in recognition of this society being the only society to win the banner twice- indeed, two years in succession-it should become the property of the society. The Education Regulations.--On Mon day, in the Perth Police Court, before Mr. A. S. Roe, P.MI., the Misses Simpson and Nesbit and the Rev. Canon McClemans, principals of the Queen's School, Perth, the High School, Cottesloe, and Christ Church Preparatory School, Claremont, respective ly, were each charged with havine on October 7 failed to forward to the Educa tion Department a return in the form of se sat schedule of the Education Act, 1905. It was explained that although the regulation in question had been in exist ence since 1905, it had not been enforced. Mr. Brigatti. the recently appointed chief compulsory officer in the Department, had drawn the attention of the authorities to the matter. "A new broom," suggested Mr. Roe, smilingly. A fine of 15s. 6d., in eluding costs, was imposed in each case. Royal Show Prizes.-In connection with the recent Royal Show prizes awarded were payable, on application, on the 6th inst., at the Society's office, No. 7 Queen's Hall, Perth. State Labour Bureau, Fremantle.-The Fremantle branch, which is opened on Tuesday and Thursday mornings for men only, will in future also be open an Tues day and Thursday afternoons, from 2 to 4 p,m.. for the engagement of women. Suppression of Medical "Qusacs."-Le ation to protec ssfferers'from certain pr'' vate diseases against quack advisers isone pf the reforms which Mr. Angwin, Honor ary Minister, has in mind. Discussing a letter that appeared in yesterday's "West Australian" on the subject, Mr. Angwin said that, though he did not flink the let ter called for an official reply, he waspre pared to admit that the Medical Act did not afford all the means that were neces sary to wipe out the quack who special ised in such diseases. The Govermnent, however, contemplated introducing a law to provide that no person could supply medicines for such diseases without a pre scription from a quilfied medical practi tioner. "Placing" Inmmigrant&--The Stae issa taining its reputation for the speedy ab sorption of immigrante. A return prepared by Mr. A. O. Neville. clerk in charge of the Immnigraion Department, set forth that of the 400 persons whom the depart ment had to "place" since the arrival of the Zealandic'on Saturday week, there are now, at the Immigrants' Home, Fremantle, only 25 married men and families, 19 single men (or men who have left their wives and families in England), and five girls avail able for employment. Of these 19 single men several refused offers of work, while two of the girls are ill, and the others have been returned by enm~oyes -as ?sitable. St. John's Church, Fremantle.-Tomor row (Wednesday) the 65th anniversary of the consecration of the old church of St. John's, Fremantle, will be commemorated by a celebration of Holy Communion at 7 a.m. and Festal Evensong at 8 p.m., in which the choirs of the adjoining parishes will take part. The old church stood in the centre of what was then known as King's Square, which has since been in tersected diagonally by High-street. It was opened on August 4, 1843, and on November 16, 1848, it was consecrated by Bishop Short, who had made the trip from Adelaide in a little 100-an schooner. Dur ing the 40 days of his visit he consecrated nine churches, including the old church of St. George's, Perth. The populatoin of the State was then 4,600 and of Premuentle 348. A Costly Comma.-Bananas. now admitted free to the United States of America, en joyed the same privilege once before by the misplacement of a comma in the Tariff BilL There was a section enumerating articles ad mitted free of duty, "all foreign fruit-plants" meaning plants for transplanting and pro pagation. The enrolling clerk, in copying the Bill, changed the hyphen to a comma, making it read "all foreign fruit, plants." For a year oranges, lemons, bananas, gapes, and other foreign fruits were admitted free of duty, the misplaced commancosting the

United States about 1,000,000 dollars (£200,000). Fremantle Mayoralty.-Cr. Carter, of Fremantle., announces that he will open his campaign in connection with the election of Mayor of the municipality by addressing the ratepayers at Wesley Hall. Mandurah-road. South Fremantle, on Thursday evening at 8 o clock. The chair will be taken by Cr. John Cooke. Affray Between Italians.--A telegram bringins news of the wounding of an Italian at Mundijong on Sunday evening was received yesterday by Inspector Sellenger, of the Fremantle police, from Constable TLynch, of Jarrahdale. The victimt, a man named Riatti, is lying dangerously ill at the Jarrahdale Hospital as the result of a razor wound inflicted by Fatallini, a compatriot Fatallini has been arrested. Fremantle Municipal, Elections.-At the request of a large nmnber of ratepayers Mr. John C. Brennan. of Alexander-road. Fre mantle. has decided to contest the election a the Central Ward. Bazaar.-a- bazaar in connection with St. Hildk's Church, North Perth, will be opened by Mrs. Roe in the North Perth Town Hall to-morrow at 3 p.m. The proceeds will be in aid of the new church building fund. Nature Is now it ner decoratve mood, and tb owers are her choicest expression. Wheo onature ha.- failed. art has supplied at the hands of the Commercial Tailoring Company, the needed article A de?orative effect. The7 are now dis playing a new range of seasonaole woollens at 794 Hty-street tupstairs.i Messrs. T. Tate and Co. will conduct an asa t;on sale of pianos, furniture, drapery, merehan dise, ete., at their mart, 713 Hay-street, at ".15 p.m. to-day. Messrs. T. Tate and Co. will hold a clearance sale of a 7-roomed house of furniture and ef fects on the premises, .2 Short-street, to-mor rw at 11 a.m. IMessrs. Eben Allen and Co. will sell to-day at 11 o'clock, at "381 Bagot-road, a collection of household furniture and effects. -?r. ('has. tommers. in conjunction with Mle.;rs. T. Tate and Co.. will conduct a sale by auction on the premises, 121 Barker-road, Subiaeo, of a handsome brick villa, piano, house hold furniture, and effects, on Tuesday neat, at t11 a.m. Messrs. Luber and Co. are selling at 11 a.m. to-day a collection of household furniture sad furnishings. U.G. piano. E.P. ware, without reserve. on actount of Mr. A. Foster, at 13 ('oghlan-road. Subiaco. For three nights on November 29 and Droem her I and , :, bah ar in aid of St. Brigid's 'West Perth) church building fund will he held n the church grounds. A tug-of-war, singing .ompetitions, and a number of other attractions will take place on the same evenings. The .programme arranged by the committee is as elaborate one. aend the competitions should at tract a good gathering to the grounds on the evpnings mentioned. Mr. W. C. Byass. City Auditor, announces that he isa candidate for re-election at the forthcoming City Council election. As announced in another column, the West Perth Presbyterian Girls' Guild will give a calisthenic display and concert in the Y.M.C.A. gymnasium on Thursday next at 8 p.m. On Friday evening next at 7.30 at the rooms 71:3 Hay-street. Messrs. T. Tate and Co. will -ell the West Sandalford Estate. of 800 acres subdivided into blocks from 4 to 40 acres. The soil, they state, varies, and they are blocks suitable for growing currants, raisins, table and wine grapes, and for orchards of all de scriptions, poultry farms, market gardening, etc. Very easy terms are offRred. including 10 per cent. deposit. and the balance over evoen years at 6 per cent The British Immirants will hold one of their popular carnivnr to-night in the Oddfellows' Hall. Mr. W1. Holder a;il be the vocalist, and Mr. T. Brown and Miss Batey, pianists. In the report of the funeral of the late Cr. McCormack. J.P.. it shoold have been stated that among the senders of wreaths were the staffs of the Police Mtagistrate's oloe sand Cot oner'a Cont, Perth.